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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775553/influence-of-photobiomodulation-therapy-on-gingivitis-induced-by-multi-bracket-appliances-a-split-mouth-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Steffen Stein, Michael Schauseil, Andreas Hellak, Heike Korbmacher-Steiner, Andreas Braun
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this split-mouth trial was to investigate the influence of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) on adjuvant treatment of gingivitis induced by multi-bracket appliances, after bracket debonding and professional tooth cleaning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients (mean age 16.15 years; standard deviation ±2.12 years) who had completed active orthodontic treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances in an orthodontic clinic were included on a randomized basis...
May 18, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774639/controlling-dual-molecular-pumps-electrochemically
#2
Cristian Pezzato, Minh T Nguyen, Dong Jun Kim, Ommid Anamimoghadam, Lorenzo Mosca, Fraser Stoddart
Artificial molecular machines can be operated using either physical or chemical inputs. Light-powered motors display clean and autonomous operations, whereas chemically-driven machines generate waste products and are intermittent in their motions. Herein, we show that controlled changes in applied electrochemical potentials can drive the operation of artificial molecular pumps in a semi-autonomous manner - that is, without the need for consecutive additions of chemical fuel(s). The electroanalytical approach described in this communication promotes the assembly of cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) rings along a positively charged oligomeric chain, providing easy access to the formation of multiple mechanical bonds by means of a controlled supply of electricity...
May 18, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771240/power-efficient-self-cleaning-hydrophilic-condenser-surface-for-portable-exhaled-breath-condensate-ebc-metabolomic-sampling
#3
Konstantin O Zamuruyev, Alexander James Schmidt, Eva Borras, Mitchell M McCartney, Michael Schivo, Nicholas J Kenyon, Jean-Pierre Delplanque, Cristina E Davis
In this work, we present a hydrophilic self-cleaning condenser surface for collection of biological and environmental aerosol samples. The condenser is installed in a battery-operated, hand-held breath sampling device. The device performance is characterized with collection and analysis of exhaled breath samples from a group of volunteers. The exhaled breath condensate is collected on a sub-cooled condenser surface, transferred into a storage vial, and its chemical content is analyzed with mass spectrometric methods...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765297/group-analysis-in-fieldtrip-of-time-frequency-responses-a-pipeline-for-reproducibility-at-every-step-of-processing-going-from-individual-sensor-space-representations-to-an-across-group-source-space-representation
#4
Lau M Andersen
An important aim of an analysis pipeline for magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data is that it allows for the researcher spending maximal effort on making the statistical comparisons that will answer his or her questions. The example question being answered here is whether the so-called beta rebound differs between novel and repeated stimulations. Two analyses are presented: going from individual sensor space representations to, respectively, an across-group sensor space representation and an across-group source space representation...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734076/chemical-nature-of-pm-2-5-and-pm-10-in-xi-an-china-insights-into-primary-emissions-and-secondary-particle-formation
#5
Qili Dai, Xiaohui Bi, Baoshuang Liu, Liwei Li, Jing Ding, Wenbin Song, Shiyang Bi, Benjamin C Schulze, Congbo Song, Jianhui Wu, Yufen Zhang, Yinchang Feng, Philip K Hopke
In Xi'an, a city that frequently experiences serious PM pollution in northern China, 1476 PM10 and 1464 PM2.5 valid daily filter samples were collected at six sites from December 2014 to November 2015 and analyzed for 29 species. The annual mean PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations were 149.4 ± 93.1, 108.0 ± 70.9 μg/m3 , respectively. Organic carbon (OC) is the predominant PM2.5 component while crustal material predominated in PM10 . Sulfate concentrations, which was the largest component in Xi'an PM in previous studies, were lower than nitrate...
May 4, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729376/microbial-fuel-cell-mfc-power-performance-improvement-through-enhanced-microbial-electrogenicity
#6
REVIEW
Ming Li, Minghua Zhou, Xiaoyu Tian, Chaolin Tan, Cameron T McDaniel, Daniel J Hassett, Tingyue Gu
Within the past 5 years, tremendous advances have been made to maximize the performance of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) for both "clean" bioenergy production and bioremediation. Most research efforts have focused on parameters including (i) optimizing reactor configuration, (ii) electrode construction, (iii) addition of redox-active, electron donating mediators, (iv) biofilm acclimation and feed nutrient adjustment, as well as (v) other parameters that contribute to enhanced MFC performance. To date, tremendous advances have been made, but further improvements are needed for MFCs to be economically practical...
May 2, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728600/transparent-and-attachable-ionic-communicators-based-on-self-cleanable-triboelectric-nanogenerators
#7
Younghoon Lee, Seung Hee Cha, Yong-Woo Kim, Dukhyun Choi, Jeong-Yun Sun
Human-machine interfaces have benefited from the advent of wireless sensor networks and the internet of things, but rely on wearable/attachable electronics exhibiting stretchability, biocompatibility, and transmittance. Limited by weight and volume, wearable devices should be energy efficient and even self-powered. Here, we report practical approaches for obtaining a stably self-cleanable, transparent and attachable ionic communicator based on triboelectric nanogenerators. The communicator can be easily applied on human skin due to softness and chemically anchored robust layers...
May 4, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723994/virtual-sensor-of-surface-electromyography-in-a-new-extensive-fault-tolerant-classification-system
#8
Karina de O A de Moura, Alexandre Balbinot
A few prosthetic control systems in the scientific literature obtain pattern recognition algorithms adapted to changes that occur in the myoelectric signal over time and, frequently, such systems are not natural and intuitive. These are some of the several challenges for myoelectric prostheses for everyday use. The concept of the virtual sensor, which has as its fundamental objective to estimate unavailable measures based on other available measures, is being used in other fields of research. The virtual sensor technique applied to surface electromyography can help to minimize these problems, typically related to the degradation of the myoelectric signal that usually leads to a decrease in the classification accuracy of the movements characterized by computational intelligent systems...
May 1, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715662/antimicrobial-effect-of-different-peroxyacetic-acid-and-hydrogen-peroxide-formats-against-spores-of-clostridium-estertheticum
#9
John Mills, Kylie Marree Horváth, Gale Brightwell
"Blown pack" spoilage is primarily caused by Clostridium estertheticum. The primary source of contamination is probably pelts, faeces and soil during opening cuts and de-hiding. Peroxyacetic acid (POAA) based fogs are commonly included in an abattoir's routine cleaning process. Hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) is a powerful oxidizing agent that penetrates microbe cell walls causing cell death. In this study, we compared the ability of H2 O2 and OXYSAN ZS (POAA containing 1-hydroxyethylidine-1,1-diphosphonic acid as a stabilizer) in different formats to inactivate C...
April 23, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715285/is-a-clean-river-fun-for-all-recognizing-social-vulnerability-in-watershed-planning
#10
Bethany B Cutts, Andrew J Greenlee, Natalie K Prochaska, Carolina V Chantrill, Annie B Contractor, Juliana M Wilhoit, Nancy Abts, Kaitlyn Hornik
Watershed planning can lead to policy innovation and action toward environmental protection. However, groups often suffer from low engagement with communities that experience disparate impacts from flooding and water pollution. This can limit the capacity of watershed efforts to dismantle pernicious forms of social inequality. As a result, the benefits of environmental changes often flow to more empowered residents, short-changing the power of watershed-based planning as a tool to transform ecological, economic, and social relationships...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709717/nonlinear-analysis-is-the-most-suitable-method-to-detect-changes-in-heart-autonomic-control-after-exercise-of-different-durations
#11
Rogério Figueiredo, Rafael Pereira, Osmar Pinto Neto
This study aimed to compare the heart autonomic control (HAC) response during two time-limited physical workouts using linear and nonlinear methods. A total of 20 healthy volunteers performed two physical workouts lasting 5 (P5) and 10 min (P10). In both workouts, volunteers performed as many repetitions as possible within the time limit of sets of 10 repetitions of four different exercises in the order of pull-ups, push-ups, barbell power clean, and barbell shoulder to overhead press. Barbell exercises were performed using a load of 50% of each volunteer's personal record for the jerk lift...
April 16, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707887/research-progress-in-mno-2-carbon-based-supercapacitor-electrode-materials
#12
REVIEW
Qun-Zheng Zhang, Dian Zhang, Zong-Cheng Miao, Xun-Li Zhang, Shu-Lei Chou
With the serious impact of fossil fuels on the environment and the rapid development of the global economy, the development of clean and usable energy storage devices has become one of the most important themes of sustainable development in the world today. Supercapacitors are a new type of green energy storage device, with high power density, long cycle life, wide temperature range, and both economic and environmental advantages. In many industries, they have enormous application prospects. Electrode materials are an important factor affecting the performance of supercapacitors...
April 30, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705327/numerical-modelling-of-acoustic-pressure-fields-to-optimize-the-ultrasonic-cleaning-technique-for-cylinders
#13
Habiba Lais, Premesh S Lowe, Tat-Hean Gan, Luiz C Wrobel
Fouling build up is a well-known problem in the offshore industry. Accumulation of fouling occurs in different structures, e.g. offshore pipes, ship hulls, floating production platforms. The type of fouling that accumulates is dependent on environmental conditions surrounding the structure itself. Current methods deployed for fouling removal span across hydraulic, chemical and manual, all sharing the common disadvantage of necessitating halting production for the cleaning process to commence. Conventionally, ultrasound is used in ultrasonic baths to clean a submerged component by the generation and implosion of cavitation bubbles on the fouled surface; this method is particularly used in Reverse Osmosis applications...
July 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703847/evaluating-the-long-term-consequences-of-air-pollution-in-early-life-geographical-correlations-between-coal-consumption-in-1951-1952-and-current-mortality-in-england-and-wales
#14
David I W Phillips, Clive Osmond, Humphrey Southall, Paula Aucott, Alexander Jones, Stephen T Holgate
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between early life air pollution and subsequent mortality. DESIGN: Geographical study. SETTING: Local government districts within England and Wales. EXPOSURE: Routinely collected geographical data on the use of coal and related solid fuels in 1951-1952 were used as an index of air pollution. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We evaluated the relationship between these data and both all-cause and disease-specific mortality among men and women aged 35-74 years in local government districts between 1993 and 2012...
April 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695127/multi-layer-artificial-neural-networks-based-mppt-pitch-angle-control-of-a-tidal-stream-generator
#15
Khaoula Ghefiri, Soufiene Bouallègue, Izaskun Garrido, Aitor J Garrido, Joseph Haggège
Artificial intelligence technologies are widely investigated as a promising technique for tackling complex and ill-defined problems. In this context, artificial neural networks methodology has been considered as an effective tool to handle renewable energy systems. Thereby, the use of Tidal Stream Generator (TSG) systems aim to provide clean and reliable electrical power. However, the power captured from tidal currents is highly disturbed due to the swell effect and the periodicity of the tidal current phenomenon...
April 24, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687436/alexander-fractional-differential-window-filter-for-ecg-denoising
#16
Atul Kumar Verma, Indu Saini, Barjinder Singh Saini
The electrocardiogram (ECG) non-invasively monitors the electrical activities of the heart. During the process of recording and transmission, ECG signals are often corrupted by various types of noises. Minimizations of these noises facilitate accurate detection of various anomalies. In the present paper, Alexander fractional differential window (AFDW) filter is proposed for ECG signal denoising. The designed filter is based on the concept of generalized Alexander polynomial and the R-L differential equation of fractional calculus...
April 23, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682818/high-rate-production-of-clean-water-based-on-the-combined-photo-electro-thermal-effect-of-graphene-architecture
#17
Linfan Cui, Panpan Zhang, Yukun Xiao, Yuan Liang, Hanxue Liang, Zhihua Cheng, Liangti Qu
The use of abundant solar energy for regeneration and desalination of water is a promising strategy to address the challenge of a global shortage of clean water. Progress has been made to develop photothermal materials to improve the solar steam generation performance. However, the mass production rate of water is still low. Herein, by a rational combination of photo-electro-thermal effect on an all-graphene hybrid architecture, solar energy can not only be absorbed fully and transferred into heat, but also converted into electric power to further heat up the graphene skeleton frame for a much enhanced generation of water vapor...
April 23, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682606/poro-elasto-capillary-wicking-of-cellulose-sponges
#18
Jonghyun Ha, Jungchul Kim, Yeonsu Jung, Giseok Yun, Do-Nyun Kim, Ho-Young Kim
We mundanely observe cellulose (kitchen) sponges swell while absorbing water. Fluid flows in deformable porous media, such as soils and hydrogels, are classically described on the basis of the theories of Darcy and poroelasticity, where the expansion of media arises due to increased pore pressure. However, the situation is qualitatively different in cellulosic porous materials like sponges because the pore expansion is driven by wetting of the surrounding cellulose walls rather than by increase of the internal pore pressure...
March 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663295/a-system-dynamics-model-of-china-s-electric-power-structure-adjustment-with-constraints-of-pm10-emission-reduction
#19
Xiaopeng Guo, Dongfang Ren, Xiaodan Guo
Recently, Chinese state environmental protection administration has brought out several PM10 reduction policies to control the coal consumption strictly and promote the adjustment of power structure. Under this new policy environment, a suitable analysis method is required to simulate the upcoming major shift of China's electric power structure. Firstly, a complete system dynamics model is built to simulate China's evolution path of power structure with constraints of PM10 reduction considering both technical and economical factors...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661660/epipremnum-aureum-and-dracaena-braunii-as-indoor-plants-for-enhanced-bio-electricity-generation-in-a-plant-microbial-fuel-cell-with-electrochemically-modified-carbon-fiber-brush-anode
#20
Pranab Jyoti Sarma, Kaustubha Mohanty
In this study, two different unexploited indoor plants, Epipremnum aureum and Dracaena braunii were used to produce clean and sustainable bio-electricity in a plant microbial fuel cell (PMFC). Acid modified carbon fiber brush electrodes as well as bare electrodes were used in both the PMFCs. A bentonite based clay membrane was successfully integrated in the PMFCs. Maximum performance of E. aureum was 620 mV which was 188 mV higher potential than D. braunii. The bio-electricity generation using modified electrode was 154 mV higher than the bare carbon fiber, probably due to the effective bacterial attachment to the carbon fiber owing to hydrogen bonding...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
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