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Power clean

Thidarat Wongpinyochit, Blair F Johnston, F Philipp Seib
Silk is a promising biopolymer for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications due to its outstanding mechanical properties, biocompatibility and biodegradability, as well its ability to protect and subsequently release its payload in response to a trigger. While silk can be formulated into various material formats, silk nanoparticles are emerging as promising drug delivery systems. Therefore, this article covers the procedures for reverse engineering silk cocoons to yield a regenerated silk solution that can be used to generate stable silk nanoparticles...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Yunshun Zhang, Rencheng Zheng, Keisuke Shimono, Tsutomu Kaizuka, Kimihiko Nakano
The collection of clean power from ambient vibrations is considered a promising method for energy harvesting. For the case of wheel rotation, the present study investigates the effectiveness of a piezoelectric energy harvester, with the application of stochastic resonance to optimize the efficiency of energy harvesting. It is hypothesized that when the wheel rotates at variable speeds, the energy harvester is subjected to on-road noise as ambient excitations and a tangentially acting gravity force as a periodic modulation force, which can stimulate stochastic resonance...
October 17, 2016: Sensors
Wenbo Liu, Ning Chen, Xiaobo Yang, Lu Li, Chao-Jun Li
Condensation of carbonyls with non-acidic methylenes such as those adjacent to heteroatoms and allylic types to generate C[double bond, length as m-dash]C bonds is challenging but highly desirable. Inventing novel methods that can accomplish such condensations can enrich synthetic chemists' toolbox. Herein, we report a simple, clean, and high yielding protocol promoted by light to achieve condensation of non-acidic methylenes with carbonyls. As examples to demonstrate the power of this methodology, one class of ubiquitous and highly important heterocycles, i...
October 20, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Kyle T Aune, Joseph M Powers
BACKGROUND: Extreme conditioning programs (ECPs) are fitness training regimens relying on aerobic, plyometric, and resistance training exercises, often with high levels of intensity for a short duration of time. These programs have grown rapidly in popularity in recent years, but science describing the safety profile of these programs is lacking. HYPOTHESIS: The rate of injury in the extreme conditioning program is greater than the injury rate of weightlifting and the majority of injuries occur to the shoulder and back...
October 19, 2016: Sports Health
Jelle Hendrix, Tomas Dekens, Waldemar Schrimpf, Don C Lamb
Combining imaging with correlation spectroscopy, as in raster image correlation spectroscopy (RICS), makes it possible to extract molecular translational diffusion constants and absolute concentrations, and determine intermolecular interactions from single-channel or multicolor confocal laser-scanning microscopy (CLSM) images. Region-specific RICS analysis remains very challenging because correlations are always calculated in a square region-of-interest (ROI). In this study, we describe a generalized image correlation spectroscopy algorithm that accepts arbitrarily shaped ROIs...
October 18, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Paul Comfort, Robert Williams, Timothy J Suchomel, Jason P Lake
The aim of this study was to compare load-absorption force-time characteristics of the clean from the knee (CK), power clean from the knee (PCK) and clean pull from the knee (CPK). Ten collegiate athletes (age 27.5 ± 4.2 years; height 180.4 ± 6.7 cm; mass 84.4 ± 7.8 kg), performed three repetitions each of the CK, PCK and CPK with 90% of their 1RM power clean on a force platform. The CK load-absorption duration (0.95 ± 0.35 s) was significantly longer compared to the CPK (0.44 ± 0.15 s; p < 0.001, d = 2...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Carlos A Teixeira, Gabriela Furlan Giordano, Maisa B Beltrame, Luis Carlos Silveira Vieira, Angelo Luiz Gobbi, Renato Sousa Lima
The contamination, passivation, or fouling of the detection electrodes is a serious problem undermining the analytical performance of electroanalytical devices. The methods to regenerate the electrochemical activity of the solid electrodes involve mechanical, physical, or chemical surface treatments that usually add operational time, complexity, chemicals, and further instrumental re-quirements to the analysis. In this paper, we describe for the first time a reproducible method for renewing solid electrodes when-ever their morphology or composition are non-specifically changed without any surface treatment...
October 17, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Wei-Chun Hsu, Jonathan K Tong, Bolin Liao, Yi Huang, Svetlana V Boriskina, Gang Chen
A p-n junction maintained at above ambient temperature can work as a heat engine, converting some of the supplied heat into electricity and rejecting entropy by interband emission. Such thermoradiative cells have potential to harvest low-grade heat into electricity. By analyzing the entropy content of different spectral components of thermal radiation, we identify an approach to increase the efficiency of thermoradiative cells via spectrally selecting long-wavelength photons for radiative exchange. Furthermore, we predict that the near-field photon extraction by coupling photons generated from interband electronic transition to phonon polariton modes on the surface of a heat sink can increase the conversion efficiency as well as the power generation density, providing more opportunities to efficiently utilize terrestrial emission for clean energy...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Magnolia Bostick, Nathalie Bolduc, Alisa Lehman, Andrew Farmer
Next-generation sequencing is empowering a deeper understanding of biology by enabling RNA expression analysis over the entire transcriptome with high sensitivity and a wide dynamic range. One powerful application within this field is stranded RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), which is necessary to distinguish overlapping genes and to conduct comprehensive annotation and quantification of long non-coding RNAs. Commonly used methods for generating strand-specific RNA-seq libraries are often complicated by protocols that require several rounds of enzymatic treatments and clean-up steps, making them time-intensive, insensitive, and unsuitable for processing several samples simultaneously...
October 10, 2016: Current Protocols in Molecular Biology
Yujie Zhu, Jose M Moran-Mirabal
Supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) provide an excellent model system for studying structural and functional characteristics of biomembranes. Patterning model membranes on solid supports has elicited much interest because lipid bilayer arrays at cellular or sub-cellular scales provide attractive platforms for reconstituting tissue-like conditions for cell culture, and for creating simplified physiological environments to study biological processes. Phase-segregated SLB patterns can be especially useful for such studies, as the selective functionalization of the lipid phases with different lipids, receptors or proteins can be achieved to mimic the key features of plasma membrane...
October 4, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Y Yang, M Kitajima, T P T Pham, L Yu, R Ling, K Y H Gin, M Reinhard
Hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) is widely used in water treatment for biofouling control and, in conjunction with catalysts, as a powerful oxidant for contaminant destruction. H2 O2 could potentially serve as an anti-fouling agent in reverse osmosis systems in lieu of chlorine-based disinfectants. The dependence of the biocidal efficiency of H2 O2 on cell density, temperature and H2 O2 concentration by determining the growth, attachment and viability of the model bacterium P. aeruginosa PAO1 was studied. For controlling growth of planktonic PAO1 cells, the minimally required H2 O2 concentration depends on the cell density and temperature...
September 28, 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Vera Alves, Carlota Conceição, João Gonçalves, Helena M Teixeira, José S Câmara
This paper reports, for the first time, the development of a modified Quick, Easy, Cheap Effective, Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) combined with a dispersive SPE (d-SPE) based clean-up procedure as a new and powerful strategy for the simultaneous and efficient isolation of two different antidepressants, fluoxetine and clomipramine, and their active metabolites in human urine samples. A univariate experimental design with four independent variables such as sample volume, extraction solvent, buffered salts and clean-up step, was performed and used to investigate the effect of process variables on the extraction efficiency...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Marco Miotti, Geoffrey J Supran, Ella J Kim, Jessika E Trancik
Meeting global climate change mitigation goals will likely require that transportation-related greenhouse gas emissions begin to decline within the next two decades and then continue to fall. A variety of vehicle technologies and fuels are commercially available to consumers today that can reduce the emissions of the transportation sector. Yet what are the best options, and do any suffice to meet climate policy targets? Here, we examine the costs and carbon intensities of 125 light-duty vehicle models on the U...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Timothy J Suchomel, Jason P Lake, Paul Comfort
The purpose of this study was to compare the load absorption force-time characteristics of weightlifting catching and pulling derivatives. Twelve resistance-trained men performed repetitions of the hang power clean (HPC), jump shrug (JS), and hang high pull (HHP) on a force platform with 30, 45, 65, and 80% of their one repetition maximum (1RM) HPC. Load absorption phase duration, mean force, and work were calculated from the force-time data. The HHP produced a significantly longer load absorption phase duration compared to the HPC (p < 0...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Kristof Kipp, Philip J Malloy, Jordan Smith, Matthew D Giordanelli, Michael T Kiely, Christopher F Geiser, Timothy J Suchomel
The purpose of this study was to investigate the joint- and load-dependent changes in the mechanical demands of the lower extremity joints during the hang power clean (HPC) and the jump shrug (JS). Fifteen male lacrosse players were recruited from an NCAA DI team, and completed three sets of the HPC and JS at 30%, 50%, and 70% of their HPC 1-Repetition Maximum (1-RM HPC) in a counterbalanced and randomized order. Motion analysis and force plate technology were used to calculate the positive work, propulsive phase duration, and peak concentric power at the hip, knee, and ankle joints...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jintao Zhang, Liming Dai
Electrocatalysts are required for clean energy technologies (for example, water-splitting and metal-air batteries). The development of a multifunctional electrocatalyst composed of nitrogen, phosphorus, and fluorine tri-doped graphene is reported, which was obtained by thermal activation of a mixture of polyaniline-coated graphene oxide and ammonium hexafluorophosphate (AHF). It was found that thermal decomposition of AHF provides nitrogen, phosphorus, and fluorine sources for tri-doping with N, P, and F, and simultaneously facilitates template-free formation of porous structures as a result of thermal gas evolution...
October 10, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Raju Kumar, Sivakumar Govindarajan, Reddy Kunda Siri Kiran Janardhana, Tata Narasinga Rao, Shrikant Vishwanath Joshi, Srinivasan Anandan
Development of visible-light-driven photocatalysts by employing a relatively simple, efficient, and cost-effective one-step process is essential for commercial applications. Herein, we report for the first time the synthesis of in situ Cu-ion modified Ti(3+) self-doped rutile TiO2 by such a facile one-step solution precursor plasma spray (SPPS) process using a water-soluble titanium precursor. In the SPPS process, Ti(3+) self-doping on Ti(4+) of rutile TiO2 is found to take place because of electron transfer from the created oxygen vacancies to Ti(4+)-ions...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Etsuko Sugawara, Seiji Kojima, Hiroshi Nikaido
: Klebsiella pneumoniae, one of the most important nosocomial pathogens, is becoming a major problem in health care because of its resistance to multiple antibiotics including cephalosporins of the latest generation and more recently even carbapenems. This is largely due to the spread of plasmid-coded extended spectrum β-lactamases. However, antimicrobial agents must first penetrate through the outer membrane barrier in order to reach their targets, and hydrophilic and charged β-lactams presumably diffuse through the porin channels...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
Peng Chen, Min Zeng, Jie Xie, Long Wang, Weiping Su, Yihe Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of total knee arthroplasty on patients with knee osteoarthritis combined with mild to moderate valgus knee deformity.
 METHODS: A total of 15 patients received total knee arthroplasty for correcting mild (10°-15°) to moderate (15°-30°) valgus knee between January 2011 and February 2014 in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. We adopted a stable prosthesis surgery through patellar medial approach, osteophytes cleaning, conventional osteotomy, a selective soft tissue release and balance technical correcting of knee valgus deformity...
September 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Haiqing Zhou, Fang Yu, Yufeng Huang, Jingying Sun, Zhuan Zhu, Robert J Nielsen, Ran He, Jiming Bao, William A Goddard Iii, Shuo Chen, Zhifeng Ren
With the massive consumption of fossil fuels and its detrimental impact on the environment, methods of generating clean power are urgent. Hydrogen is an ideal carrier for renewable energy; however, hydrogen generation is inefficient because of the lack of robust catalysts that are substantially cheaper than platinum. Therefore, robust and durable earth-abundant and cost-effective catalysts are desirable for hydrogen generation from water splitting via hydrogen evolution reaction. Here we report an active and durable earth-abundant transition metal dichalcogenide-based hybrid catalyst that exhibits high hydrogen evolution activity approaching the state-of-the-art platinum catalysts, and superior to those of most transition metal dichalcogenides (molybdenum sulfide, cobalt diselenide and so on)...
2016: Nature Communications
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