keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Probabilities

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778046/evaluation-of-the-microhaplotypes-panel-for-dna-mixture-analyses
#1
Peng Chen, Caiyong Yin, Zheng Li, Yan Pu, Youjia Yu, Peng Zhao, Dexin Chen, Weibo Liang, Lin Zhang, Feng Chen
The identification of a suspect in a DNA mixture typed with the standard short tandem repeat polymorphism (STR) kits has faced challenges. Several improved methods or technologies have been introduced to address this issue. However, some complex situations in the process remain elusive. In the present study, we presented a panel of 26 tiny microhaplotypes, each generating a relatively high (>3.0) effective number of alleles (Ae ) and possessing low (<50 bp) sequence lengths. The average Ae and heterozygosity values among the 9 populations of 26 microhaps were in ranges from 2...
May 12, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778045/massively-parallel-sequencing-of-124-snps-included-in-the-precision-id-identity-panel-in-three-east-asian-minority-ethnicities
#2
Jing Liu, Zheng Wang, Guanglin He, Xueying Zhao, Mengge Wang, Tao Luo, Chengtao Li, Yiping Hou
Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technologies can sequence many targeted regions of multiple samples simultaneously and are gaining great interest in the forensic community. The Precision ID Identity Panel contains 90 autosomal SNPs and 34 upper Y-Clade SNPs, which was designed with small amplicons and optimized for forensic degraded or challenging samples. Here, 184 unrelated individuals from three East Asian minority ethnicities (Tibetan, Uygur and Hui) were analyzed using the Precision ID Identity Panel and the Ion PGM System...
May 15, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777992/18-years-of-continuous-observation-of-tritium-and-atmospheric-precipitations-in-ramnicu-valcea-romania-a-time-series-analysis
#3
Octavian G Duliu, Carmen Varlam, Muataz Dheyaa Shnawaw
To get more information on the origin of tritium and to evidence any possible presence of anthropogenic sources, between January 1999 and December 2016, the precipitation level and tritium concentration were monthly recorded and investigated by the Cryogenic Institute of Ramnicu Valcea, Romania. Compared with similar data covering a radius of about 1200 km westward, the measurements gave similar results concerning the time evolution of tritium content and precipitation level for the entire time interval excepting the period between 2009 and 2011 when the tritium concentrations showed a slight increase, most probable due to the activity of neighboring experimental pilot plant for tritium and deuterium separation...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777926/epidemiology-of-acute-febrile-illness-in-latin-america
#4
REVIEW
José Moreira, Clarisse S Bressan, Patricia Brasil, Andre M Siqueira
BACKGROUND: The causes of acute febrile illness (AFI) in Latin America (LA) are diverse and its complexity increase as the proportion of fever due to malaria decreases as control and new pathogens emerge in the region. In this context, it is important to shed light over the gaps on the epidemiological characteristics and the geographic range for many AFI aetiologies. AIMS: To review studies on community-acquired fever etiology other than malaria in LA, and to highlight knowledge gaps and challenges needing further investigation...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777887/linear-cutting-trepanation-in-italy-a-unique-case-from-hellenistic-sicily-3-rd-century-bc
#5
REVIEW
Giorgia Tulumello, Giulia Riccomi, Simona Minozzi, Sveva Longo, Marcello Longo, Valentina Giuffra
During the archaeological excavations conducted in the Hellenistic necropolis discovered in Messina (Sicily, Italy) dating back to the 3rd century BC., a skeleton showing evidence of cranial traumas and surgical intervention was found. The skull, belonging to a young adult male, presented signs of four head injuries produced by both blunt and sharp-edged instruments. The first two lesions, located on the frontal bone, were produced by blunt blows and showed signs of long-time survival. The third lesion, located on the inferior portion of the right parietal, suggests a perimortem non-penetrating linear cut probably caused by a blade instrument...
May 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777868/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-different-antiviral-agents-for-cytomegalovirus-prophylaxis-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Nico Gagelmann, Per Ljungman, Jan Styczynski, Nicolaus Kröger
Over the past 25 years, several randomized controlled trials have investigated the efficacy of different antiviral agents for cytomegalovirus (CMV) prophylaxis in allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation. We performed a systematic literature review, conventional meta-analysis and network meta-analysis using a random-effects model and risk ratios (RR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) as effect estimates. Fifteen randomized controlled trials were identified, including seven different antiviral agents: acyclovir, ganciclovir, maribavir, brincidofovir, letermovir, valacyclovir, and vaccine...
May 16, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777867/antibiotic-exposure-prior-to-respiratory-viral-infection-is-associated-with-progression-to-lower-respiratory-tract-disease-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients
#7
Chikara Ogimi, Elizabeth M Krantz, Jonathan L Golob, Alpana Waghmare, Catherine Liu, Wendy M Leisenring, Christopher R Woodard, Sara Marquis, Jane M Kuypers, Keith R Jerome, Steven A Pergam, David N Fredricks, Mohamed L Sorror, Janet A Englund, Michael Boeckh
INTRODUCTION: Recent publications note an association between antibiotic exposure and respiratory viral infections (RVIs). Antibiotics affect microbiota and impair immune response against RVIs in mice, and low microbiome diversity is associated with pulmonary complications including viral lower respiratory tract disease (LRTD) in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients. In this study, we examined whether antibiotic exposure was associated with increased risk of disease progression in RVIs post-transplantation...
May 16, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777812/exploring-the-intermolecular-interactions-and-contrasting-binding-of-flufenamic-acid-with-hemoglobin-and-lysozyme-a-biophysical-and-docking-insight
#8
Sameer Shakeel Ansari, Imtiyaz Yousuf, Farukh Arjmand, Mohammad Khursheed Siddiqi, Saeeda Naqvi
The intermolecular interaction of flufenamic acid (Hfluf) with two model proteins i.e., hemoglobin and lysozyme was explored using fluorescence, UV-vis, circular dichroism, DLS, and molecular docking techniques. The corroborative spectroscopic techniques suggested efficient binding of Hfluf to both the proteins. The S-V plot in Hb-Hfluf system showed positive deviation highlighting the presence of both static and dynamic quenching. Hence, ground state complex model and sphere of action quenching model were used for the study...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777716/probability-of-viral-labeling-of-neural-stem-cells-in-vivo
#9
Gregory W Kirschen, Shaoyu Ge, Il Memming Park
In the neuroscience field over the past several decades, viral vectors have become powerful gene delivery systems to study neural populations of interest. For neural stem cell (NSC) biology, such viruses are often used to birth-date and track NSCs over developmental time in lineage tracing experiments. Yet, the probability of successful infection of a given stem cell in vivo remains unknown. This information would be helpful to inform investigators interested in titrating their viruses to selectively target sparsely-populated clusters of cells in the nervous system...
May 16, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777604/-ethical-aspects-of-the-use-of-mirena-r-iud-in-the-treatment-of-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#10
Miriam Turiel Miranda, Pau Agulles Simó
The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device known as Mirena IUD(r) (20mcg/24h) is nowadays considered among the leading resources in the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding. Nonetheless, due to either its effect of prevention of conception and especially to the possibility that it may also have an anti-implantation effect, there is a founded concern on whether its therapeutic use may be ethically licit. This article engages in an exhaustive literature review in order to ascertain the mechanism of action of Mirena(r) IUD, in view of an ethical evaluation of its therapeutic use, keeping in mind those two unwanted effects...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777569/improving-metabolic-stability-with-deuterium-the-discovery-of-hwl-066-a-potent-and-long-acting-free-fatty-acid-receptor-1-agonists
#11
Chunxia Liu, Zheng Li, Wei Shi, Huilan Li, Nasi Wang, Yuxuan Dai, Chen Liao, Wenlong Huang, Hai Qian
The free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFA1) is a potential target due to its function in enhancing of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. The FFA1 agonist GW9508 has great potential for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, but it has been suffering from high plasma clearance probably because the phenylpropanoic acid is vulnerable to β-oxidation. To identify orally available analog without influence on the unique pharmacological mechanism of GW9508, we tried to interdict the metabolically labile group by incorporating two deuterium atoms at the α-position of phenylpropionic acid affording compound 4 (HWL-066)...
May 18, 2018: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777562/post-operative-stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-intracranial-haemangiopericytoma-a-study-of-dose-and-outcome
#12
Rohan Nair, Vanessa Panettieri, Joe H Chang, Michael Dally
INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to assess the relationship between tumour response and radiation dose in equivalent 2 Gy per fraction (EQD2). METHOD: A retrospective cohort analysis of 21 patients with a diagnosis of intracranial haemangiopericytoma between 2000 and 2013 was included in this study. A total of 39 lesions were analysed. The equivalent dose in 2 Gy per fraction was calculated by assigning an alpha-beta ratio of 12 Gy. A paired t-test compared dose (EQD2) and tumour response, and as the outcome was binary, a logistic regression analysis was performed...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777524/mercury-involvement-in-neuronal-damage-and-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Veronica Lanza Cariccio, Annalisa Samà, Placido Bramanti, Emanuela Mazzon
Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and multiple sclerosis are characterized by a chronic and selective process of neuronal cell death. Although the causes of neurodegenerative diseases remain still unknown, it is now a well-established idea that more factors, such as genetic, endogenous, and environmental, are involved. Among environmental causes, the accumulation of mercury, a heavy metal considered a toxic agent, was largely studied as a probable factor involved in neurodegenerative disease course...
May 18, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777490/comparison-of-the-etiological-relevance-of-staphylococcus-haemolyticus-and-staphylococcus-hominis
#14
Hagen Frickmann, Andreas Hahn, Romy Skusa, Nils Mund, Vivian Viehweger, Thomas Köller, Kerstin Köller, Norbert Georg Schwarz, Karsten Becker, Philipp Warnke, Andreas Podbielski
The study was performed to assess potential differences in the etiological relevance of two coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), Staphylococcus haemolyticus and Staphylococcus hominis, in an observational single-center study. Over a 5-year interval, patients in whom there was detected S. haemolyticus or S. hominis of presumed etiological relevance were assessed for the primary endpoint death during hospital stay and the secondary endpoint transfer to an intensive care unit (ICU) after the detection of S...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777438/no-evidence-of-binding-items-to-spatial-configuration-representations-in-visual-working-memory
#15
Rob Udale, Simon Farrell, Christopher Kent
When detecting changes in visual features (e.g., colour or shape), object locations, represented as points within a configuration, might also be automatically represented in working memory. If the configuration of a scene is represented automatically, the locations of individual items might form part of this representation, irrespective of their relevance to the task. Participants took part in a change-detection task in which they studied displays containing different sets of items (shapes, letters, objects), which varied in their task relevance...
May 17, 2018: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777385/changes-in-selection-intensity-on-the-mitogenome-of-subterranean-and-fossorial-rodents-respective-to-aboveground-species
#16
William Corrêa Tavares, Hector N Seuánez
Several rodent lineages independently acquired the ability to dig complex networks of tunnels where fossorial and subterranean species spend part or their whole life, respectively. Their underground lifestyles imposed harsh physiological demands, presumably triggering strong selective pressures on genes involved in energy metabolism like those coding for mitochondrial proteins. Moreover, underground lifestyles must have increased inbreeding and susceptibility to population bottlenecks as well as restricted migration, leading to small effective population size (Ne ) that, in turn, must have reduced the effectiveness of selection...
May 18, 2018: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777274/the-natural-agent-4-vinylphenol-targets-metastasis-and-stemness-features-in-breast-cancer-stem-like-cells
#17
Hoi-Wing Leung, Chun-Hay Ko, Grace Gar-Lee Yue, Ingrid Herr, Clara Bik-San Lau
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cancer stem-like cells (CSC) are regarded as the source of tumour origins, metastasis and drug resistance, and limits current treatment regimens. Previously, we reported the first study of the anti-angiogenic and anti-tumour activities of 4-vinylphenol. To further examine the therapeutic role of 4-vinylphenol, the inhibitory effects of 4-vinylphenol on cancer stemness, drug resistance and metastasis in breast cancer were investigated in the present study. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We enriched parental MDA-MB-231 cells with CSCs in serum-free medium to give spheroids...
May 18, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777106/clinical-prediction-models-to-support-the-diagnosis-of-asthma-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
L Daines, S McLean, A Buelo, S Lewis, A Sheikh, H Pinnock
Substantial over-diagnosis and under-diagnosis of asthma in adults and children has recently been reported. As asthma is mostly diagnosed in non-specialist settings, a clinical prediction model (CPM) to aid the diagnosis of asthma in primary care may help improve diagnostic accuracy. We aim to systematically identify, describe, compare, and synthesise existing CPMs designed to support the diagnosis of asthma in children and adults presenting with symptoms suggestive of the disease, in primary care settings or equivalent populations...
May 18, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776889/early-dislocation-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-a-posterior-approach-with-repair-of-capsule-and-external-rotators
#19
A Hernández, J H Nuñez, I Mimendia, V Barro, L Azorin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty using a posterior approach with repair of capsule and transosseous external rotators. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Historical cohort study between January 2009 and December 2015 of all the cases of dislocation of primary total hip arthroplasty operated using a posterior approach with repair of capsule and transosseous external rotators. Demographic and clinical data concerning the patient, surgery and dislocation were collected and analyzed...
May 15, 2018: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776867/a-semi-automated-algorithm-for-hypothalamus-volumetry-in-3-tesla-magnetic-resonance-images
#20
Julia Wolff, Stephanie Schindler, Christian Lucas, Anne-Sophie Binninger, Luise Weinrich, Jan Schreiber, Ulrich Hegerl, Harald E Möller, Marco Leitzke, Stefan Geyer, Peter Schönknecht
The hypothalamus, a small diencephalic gray matter structure, is part of the limbic system. Volumetric changes of this structure occur in psychiatric diseases, therefore there is increasing interest in precise volumetry. Based on our detailed volumetry algorithm for 7 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we developed a method for 3 Tesla MRI, adopting anatomical landmarks and work in triplanar view. We overlaid T1-weighted MR images with gray matter-tissue probability maps to combine anatomical information with tissue class segmentation...
May 1, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
keyword
keyword
35195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"