keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Probabilities

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343358/expression-of-the-cyanobacterial-enzyme-cyanase-increases-cyanate-metabolism-and-cyanate-tolerance-in-arabidopsis
#1
Rashad Kebeish, Omar Al-Zoubi
Cyanate and its derivatives are considered as environmental hazardous materials. Cyanate is released to the environment through many chemical industries and mining wastewater. Cyanase enzyme converts cyanate into CO2 and NH3 in a bicarbonate-dependent reaction. At low cyanate concentrations, the endogenous plant cyanases play a vital role in cyanate detoxification. However, such cyanate biodegradation system is probably insufficient due to the excess cyanate concentrations at contaminated sites. In this study, we have transferred the activity of the cyanobacterial cyanase into Arabidopsis thaliana plants in order to enhance plant resistance against cyanate toxicity...
March 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343274/predictive-score-of-haematological-toxicity-in-patients-treated-with-linezolid
#2
J González-Del Castillo, F J Candel, R Manzano-Lorenzo, L Arias, E J García-Lamberechts, F J Martín-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study were to determine the factors associated with developing haematological toxicity (HT) in patients taking linezolid (LZD), to develop a predictive model of HT in these patients, and to evaluate factors associated with 30-day mortality. METHODS: This was an observational retrospective cohort study of patients treated for at least 5 days with LDZ in 2015. Demographic, clinical and analytical data were collected. Development of HT was defined as a 25% platelet count decrease between the basal count and the 1-week lab test...
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343247/development-of-a-qtl-environment-based-predictive-model-for-node-addition-rate-in-common-bean
#3
Li Zhang, Salvador A Gezan, C Eduardo Vallejos, James W Jones, Kenneth J Boote, Jose A Clavijo-Michelangeli, Mehul Bhakta, Juan M Osorno, Idupulapati Rao, Stephen Beebe, Elvin Roman-Paoli, Abiezer Gonzalez, James Beaver, Jaumer Ricaurte, Raphael Colbert, Melanie J Correll
This work reports the effects of the genetic makeup, the environment and the genotype by environment interactions for node addition rate in an RIL population of common bean. This information was used to build a predictive model for node addition rate. To select a plant genotype that will thrive in targeted environments it is critical to understand the genotype by environment interaction (GEI). In this study, multi-environment QTL analysis was used to characterize node addition rate (NAR, node day(- 1)) on the main stem of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L)...
March 25, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343123/estimation-of-red-light-running-frequency-using-high-resolution-traffic-and-signal-data
#4
Peng Chen, Guizhen Yu, Xinkai Wu, Yilong Ren, Yueguang Li
Red-light-running (RLR) emerges as a major cause that may lead to intersection-related crashes and endanger intersection safety. To reduce RLR violations, it's critical to identify the influential factors associated with RLR and estimate RLR frequency. Without resorting to video camera recordings, this study investigates this important issue by utilizing high-resolution traffic and signal event data collected from loop detectors at five intersections on Trunk Highway 55, Minneapolis, MN. First, a simple method is proposed to identify RLR by fully utilizing the information obtained from stop bar detectors, downstream entrance detectors and advance detectors...
March 23, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343119/synergistically-enhanced-stability-of-laccase-immobilized-on-synthesized-silver-nanoparticles-with-water-soluble-polymers
#5
M N M Cunha, H P Felgueiras, I Gouveia, A Zille
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by citrate reduction method in the presence of polymers, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and chitosan, used as stabilizing agents, and an oxidoreductase enzyme, laccase (Lac), with the goal of expanding the NPs antimicrobial action. AgNPs were characterized by UV-vis spectrometry, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. As protecting agents, PEG and PVA promoted the formation of spherical uniformly-shaped, small-sized, monodispersed AgNPs (≈20nm)...
March 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343101/the-influence-of-odd-even-car-trial-on-fine-and-coarse-particles-in-delhi
#6
Prashant Kumar, Sunil Gulia, Roy M Harrison, Mukesh Khare
The odd-even car trial scheme, which reduced car traffic between 08.00 and 20.00 h daily, was applied from 1 to 15 January 2016 (winter scheme, WS) and 15-30 April 2016 (summer scheme, SS). The daily average PM2.5 and PM10 exceeded national standards, with highest concentrations (313 μg m(-3) and 639 μg m(-3), respectively) during winter and lowest (53 μg m(-3) and 130 μg m(-3)) during the monsoon (June-August). PM concentrations during the trials can be interpreted either as reduced or increased, depending on the periods used for comparison purposes...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343079/population-model-of-bladder-motion-and-deformation-based-on-dominant-eigenmodes-and-mixed-effects-models-in-prostate-cancer-radiotherapy
#7
Richard Rios, Renaud De Crevoisier, Juan D Ospina, Frederic Commandeur, Caroline Lafond, Antoine Simon, Pascal Haigron, Jairo Espinosa, Oscar Acosta
In radiotherapy for prostate cancer irradiation of neighboring organs at risk may lead to undesirable side-effects. Given this setting, the bladder presents the largest inter-fraction shape variations hampering the computation of the actual delivered dose vs. planned dose. This paper proposes a population model, based on longitudinal data, able to estimate the probability of bladder presence during treatment, using only the planning computed tomography (CT) scan as input information. As in previously-proposed principal component analysis (PCA) population-based models, we have used the data to obtain the dominant eigenmodes that describe bladder geometric variations between fractions...
March 8, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342973/effects-of-a-sustained-release-formulation-of-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-glycosides-for-milk-fever-prevention-on-serum-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-calcium-and-phosphorus-in-dairy-cows
#8
Heinrich Bachmann, Michael Lanz, Susanne Kehrle, Wolfgang Bittner, Annick Toggenburger, Georg A Mathis, Walter Rambeck
Milk fever (MF) is a metabolic disease in dairy cows around parturition. The clinical lead sign is muscular paresis leading in severe cases to paralysis of the affected animal. Multiparturient animals of high performing dairy breeds are most likely to be affected and have a high probability of recurrence. An acute drop in blood calcium levels causes the disease when the demand for calcium at the onset of lactation exceeds the ability to replete blood calcium levels through mobilization from bone and intestinal uptake...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342798/allele-frequencies-and-other-forensic-parameters-of-the-hid-ion-ampliseq%C3%A2-identity-panel-markers-in-basques-using-the-ion-torrent-pgm%C3%A2-platform
#9
O García, A Soto, I Yurrebaso
The HID-Ion AmpliSeq™ Identity Panel amplifies 90 autosomal SNPs and 34 Y- SNPs with massively parallel sequencing (MPS) using the Ion Torrent PGM™ platform. In the present study, 105 Basques were analyzed to assess this panel. All loci were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and no association between them was detected. Forensic parameters were calculated as 5.74×10(-36) for combined match probability and 99.99998% for combined power of exclusion. In conclusion, the HID Identity panel and the use of this new MPS technology are very promising tools for paternity testing and human identification in routine casework in the forensic field...
March 8, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342778/-the-burden-of-fungal-infections-in-algeria
#10
REVIEW
M Chekiri-Talbi, D W Denning
In Algeria, superficial mycoses are very commonly diagnosed. Deep fungal infections are less often observed. Few data from Algeria are found in the literature. We report for the first time the main causes of these diseases in our country and provide burden estimates. We searched for existing data and estimated the incidence and prevalence of fungal diseases based on the population at risk and available epidemiological data. Demographic data were derived from the Service (Office) of the Statistics (ONES), World Health Organization (WHO), The Joint Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and national published reports...
March 22, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342761/cardiovascular-tolerance-of-intravenous-bupivacaine-in-broiler-chickens-gallus-gallus-domesticus-anesthetized-with-isoflurane
#11
Peter M DiGeronimo, Anderson F da Cunha, Bruno Pypendop, João Brandão, Rhett Stout, Max Rinaldi, Thomas N Tully
OBJECTIVE: To determine the median effective dose (ED50) of intravenous (IV) bupivacaine associated with a 50% probability of causing clinically relevant cardiovascular effects [defined as 30% change in heart rate (HR) or mean arterial pressure (MAP)] in chickens anesthetized with isoflurane. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized up-and-down study. ANIMALS: A total of 14 Ross-708 broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) weighing 1.70-2.75 kg. METHODS: Anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342649/the-prognosis-of-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#12
REVIEW
Christoph Mueller, Clive Ballard, Anne Corbett, Dag Aarsland
Dementia with Lewy bodies is the second most common form of neurodegenerative dementia, yet scarce evidence is available about its prognosis and natural history, which are crucial to inform clinical practice and research. Patients with dementia with Lewy bodies might have a less favourable prognosis, with accelerated cognitive decline, shorter lifespan, and increased admission to residential care than patients with Alzheimer's disease. Health-care costs and, importantly, caregiver burden, are also reported to be higher in dementia with Lewy bodies than in Alzheimer's disease...
March 22, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342648/the-first-clinical-implementation-of-a-real-time-six-degree-of-freedom-target-tracking-system-during-radiation-therapy-based-on-kilovoltage-intrafraction-monitoring-kim
#13
Doan Trang Nguyen, Ricky O'Brien, Jung-Ha Kim, Chen-Yu Huang, Lee Wilton, Peter Greer, Kimberley Legge, Jeremy T Booth, Per Rugaard Poulsen, Jarad Martin, Paul J Keall
PURPOSE: We present the first clinical implementation of a real-time six-degree of freedom (6DoF) Kilovoltage Intrafraction Monitoring (KIM) system which tracks the cancer target translational and rotational motions during treatment. The method was applied to measure and correct for target motion during stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for prostate cancer. METHODS: Patient: A patient with prostate adenocarcinoma undergoing SBRT with 36.25Gy, delivered in 5 fractions was enrolled in the study...
March 22, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342644/steeper-slope-of-age-related-changes-in-white-matter-microstructure-and-processing-speed-in-bipolar-disorder
#14
Sheena I Dev, Tanya T Nguyen, Benjamin S McKenna, Ashley N Sutherland, Hauke Bartsch, Rebecca J Theilmann, Lisa T Eyler
OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with compromised white matter (WM) integrity and deficits in processing speed (PS). Few studies, however, have investigated age relationships with WM structure and cognition to understand possible changes in brain health over the lifespan. This investigation explored whether BD and healthy counterpart (HC) participants exhibited differential age-related associations with WM and cognition, which may be suggestive of accelerated brain and cognitive aging...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342549/stream-aquifer-and-in-stream-processes-affecting-nitrogen-along-a-major-river-and-contributing-tributary
#15
Alexander Huizenga, Ryan T Bailey, Timothy K Gates
This study assesses the spatio-temporal patterns of water and nutrient mass exchange in a stream-riparian system of a major river and a contributing tributary in an irrigated semi-arid region. Field monitoring is performed along reaches of the Arkansas River (4.7km) and Timpas Creek (2.0km) in southeastern Colorado during the 2014 growing season, with water quantity and water quality data collected using a network of in-stream sampling sites and groundwater monitoring wells. Mass balance approaches were used to identify temporal and spatial trends in flow, nitrogen (N), and salinity in stream-aquifer exchange...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342363/war-during-childhood-the-long-run-effects-of-warfare-on-health
#16
Mevlude Akbulut-Yuksel
This paper estimates the causal long-term consequences of an exposure to war in utero and during childhood on the risk of obesity and the probability of having a chronic health condition in adulthood. Using the plausibly exogenous city-by-cohort variation in the intensity of WWII destruction as a unique quasi-experiment, I find that individuals who were exposed to WWII destruction during the prenatal and early postnatal periods have higher BMIs and are more likely to be obese as adults. I also find an elevated incidence of chronic health conditions such as stroke, hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disorder in adulthood among these wartime children...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342317/high-androgen-receptor-mrna-expression-is-independently-associated-with-prolonged-cancer-specific-and-recurrence-free-survival-in-stage-t1-bladder-cancer
#17
Danijel Sikic, Johannes Breyer, Arndt Hartmann, Maximilian Burger, Philipp Erben, Stefan Denzinger, Markus Eckstein, Robert Stöhr, Sven Wach, Bernd Wullich, Bastian Keck, Ralph M Wirtz, Wolfgang Otto
INTRODUCTION: High-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) remains challenging given the high probability of progression. Given that the androgen receptor (AR) has been discussed as a possible factor in the development and progression of bladder cancer, we investigated the predictive value of AR in stage pT1 NMIBC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and AR mRNA expression in 296 patients with stage pT1 NMIBC who underwent a transurethral resection of the bladder...
March 22, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340457/dermal-exposure-of-applicators-to-chlorpyrifos-on-rice-farms-in-ghana
#18
Albert Atabila, Dung Tri Phung, Jonathan N Hogarh, Paul Osei-Fosu, Ross Sadler, Des Connell, Cordia Chu
Studies evaluating dermal exposure to pesticides among applicators in tropical countries have largely been conducted using the patch dosimetry and hand wiping/washing techniques. This study used the more accurate whole-body dosimetry technique to evaluate dermal exposure to chlorpyrifos among applicators on rice farms in Ghana. The exposure levels were plotted as Cumulative Probability Distribution (CPD). Total Dermal Exposure (TDE) of chlorpyrifos among the median exposed and the 5% highly exposed groups during a spray event were 24 mg and 48 mg, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340449/right-hemisphere-pitch-mismatch-negativity-reduction-in-patients-with-major-depression-an-meg-study
#19
Noriaki Hirakawa, Yoji Hirano, Itta Nakamura, Shogo Hirano, Jinya Sato, Naoya Oribe, Takefumi Ueno, Shigenobu Kanba, Toshiaki Onitsuka
BACKGROUND: The mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the event-related potential and its magnetic counterpart, the MMNm, are generated by a mismatch between the physical features of a deviant stimulus and a neuronal sensory-memory trace produced by repetitive standard stimuli. Deficits in the MMN/MMNm have been reported in patients with major depression; however, the results are inconsistent. The present study investigated the pitch-MMNm in patients with major depression using whole-head 306-channel magnetoencephalography (MEG)...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340444/comparative-effectiveness-of-dual-action-versus-single-action-antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#20
Jon C Mills, Jeffrey S Harman, Robert L Cook, Nicole M Marlow, Christopher A Harle, R Paul Duncan, Angela M Bengtson, Brian W Pence
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common psychiatric comorbidity among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Little is known about the comparative effectiveness between different types of antidepressants used to treat depression in this population. We compared the effectiveness of dual-action and single-action antidepressants in PLWHA for achieving remission from depression. METHODS: We used data from the Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinic Systems to identify 1175 new user dual-action or single-action antidepressant treatment episodes occurring from 2005 to 2014 for PLWHA diagnosed with depression...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
35195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"