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Augmentative Alternative Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521563/pain-management-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-school-settings-in-two-cultures-action-and-reaction-approaches
#1
Margareta Adolfsson, Ensa Johnson, Stefan Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) face particular challenges, e.g. daily pain that threaten their participation in school activities. This study focuses on how teachers, personal assistants, and clinicians in two countries with different cultural prerequisites, Sweden and South Africa, manage the pain of children in school settings. METHOD: Participants' statements collected in focus groups were analysed using a directed qualitative content analysis framed by a Frequency of attendance-Intensity of involvement model, which was modified into a Knowing-Doing model...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509404/family-therapy-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Debbie Spain, Jacqueline Sin, Eleni Paliokosta, Marie Furuta, Jonathan E Prunty, Trudie Chalder, Declan G Murphy, Francesca G Happé
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterised by impairments in communication and reciprocal social interaction. These impairments can impact on relationships with family members, augment stress and frustration, and contribute to behaviours that can be described as challenging. Family members of individuals with ASD can experience high rates of carer stress and burden, and poor parental efficacy. While there is evidence to suggest that individuals with ASD and family members derive benefit from psychological interventions designed to reduce stress and mental health morbidity, and enhance coping, most studies to date have targeted the needs of either individuals with ASD, or family members...
May 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488902/designing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-applications-the-results-of-focus-groups-with-speech-language-pathologists-and-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Jamie B Boster, John W McCarthy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain insight from speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding appealing features of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) applications. METHOD: Two separate 1-hour focus groups were conducted with 8 SLPs and 5 parents of children with ASD to identify appealing design features of AAC Apps, their benefits and potential concerns. Participants were shown novel interface designs for communication mode, play mode and incentive systems...
May 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474087/developing-the-alphabetic-principle-to-aid-text-based-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-use-by-adults-with-low-speech-intelligibility-and-intellectual-disabilities
#4
Anna C Schmidt-Naylor, Kathryn J Saunders, Nancy C Brady
Purpose: We explored alphabet supplementation as an augmentative and alternative communication strategy for adults with minimal literacy. Study 1's goal was to teach onset-letter selection with spoken words and assess generalization to untaught words, demonstrating the alphabetic principle. Study 2 incorporated alphabet supplementation within a naming task and then assessed effects on speech intelligibility. Method: Three men with intellectual disabilities (ID) and low speech intelligibility participated...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471267/technology-and-its-role-in-rehabilitation-for-people-with-cognitive-communication-disability-following-a-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi
#5
Melissa Brunner, Bronwyn Hemsley, Leanne Togher, Stuart Palmer
PURPOSE: To review the literature on communication technologies in rehabilitation for people with a traumatic brain injury (TBI), and: (a) determine its application to cognitive-communicative rehabilitation, and b) develop a model to guide communication technology use with people after TBI. METHOD: This integrative literature review of communication technology in TBI rehabilitation and cognitive-communication involved searching nine scientific databases and included 95 studies...
May 4, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446056/high-technology-augmentative-communication-for-adults-with-post-stroke-aphasia-a-systematic-review
#6
Maria Julieta Russo, Valeria Prodan, Natalia Nerina Meda, Lucila Carcavallo, Anibal Muracioli, Liliana Sabe, Lucas Bonamico, Ricardo Francisco Allegri, Lisandro Olmos
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems were introduced into clinical practice by therapists to help compensate for persistent language deficits in people with aphasia. Although, there is currently a push towards an increased focus on compensatory approaches in an attempt to maximize communication function for social interaction, available studies including AAC systems, especially technologically advanced communication tools and systems, known as 'high-technology AAC', show key issues and obstacles for these tools to become utilized in mainstream clinical practice...
May 9, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430027/a-comparison-of-the-performance-of-2-5-to-3-5-year-old-children-without-disabilities-using-animated-and-cursor-based-scanning-in-a-contextual-scene
#7
John W McCarthy, Jamie B Boster
Although recent evidence suggests learning demands for children can be reduced by organizing augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) displays in contextual scenes, there is little evidence on how such scenes could be made accessible for children who cannot use direct selection. Using a line drawn scene of a living room, a traditional traveling cursor (a green outline of objects within the scene) was compared with sequential animation-logically matching the function of items in the scene (e.g., hands of a clock moving, a lamp turning on and off, etc...
April 21, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425762/the-evaluation-of-bulbar-dysfunction-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-survey-of-clinical-practice-patterns-in-the-united-states
#8
Emily K Plowman, Lauren C Tabor, James Wymer, Gary Pattee
OBJECTIVE: Speech and swallowing impairments are highly prevalent in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and contribute to reduced quality of life, malnutrition, aspiration, pneumonia and death. Established practice parameters for bulbar dysfunction in ALS do not currently exist. The aim of this study was to identify current practice patterns for the evaluation of speech and swallowing function within participating Northeast ALS clinics in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 15-item survey was emailed to all registered NEALS centres...
April 20, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413148/incorporating-site-less-clinical-trials-into-drug-development-a-framework-for-action
#9
Irl B Hirsch, Joe Martinez, E Ray Dorsey, Gerald Finken, Alexander Fleming, Chris Gropp, Philip Home, Daniel I Kaufer, Spyros Papapetropoulos
PURPOSE: Options for leveraging available telemedicine technologies, ranging from simple webcams and telephones to smartphone apps and medical-grade wearable sensors, are evolving faster than the culture of clinical research. Until recently, most clinical trials relied on paper-based processes and technology. This cost- and labor-intensive system, while slowly changing, remains an obstacle to new drug development. Alternatives that use existing tools and processes for collecting real-world data in home settings warrant closer examination...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401613/implementing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-critical-care-settings-perspectives-of-healthcare-professionals
#10
Charlotte Handberg, Anna Katarina Voss
AIM: The aim of the current study was to describe the perspectives of healthcare professionals caring for intubated patients on implementing Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in critical care settings. BACKGROUND: Patients in critical care settings subjected to endotracheal intubation suffer from a temporary functional speech disorder and can also experience anxiety, stress and delirium, leading to longer and more complicated hospitalization and rehabilitation...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394641/exploring-validation-of-a-graphic-symbol-questionnaire-to-measure-participation-experiences-of-youth-in-activity-settings
#11
Beata Batorowicz, Gillian King, Freda Vane, Madhu Pinto, Parimala Raghavendra
Participation has a subjective and private dimension, and so it is important to hear directly from youth about their experiences in various activity settings, the places where they "do things" and interact with others. To meet this need, our team developed the Self-Reported Experiences of Activity Settings (SEAS) measure, which demonstrated good-to-excellent measurement properties. To address the needs of youth who could benefit from graphic symbol support, the SEAS-PCS(TM), (1) was created. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of SEAS-PCS and the preliminary study that explores the equivalency of the SEAS and SEAS-PCS...
April 10, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365174/which-alternative-communication-methods-are-effective-for-voiceless-patients-in-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Helen Carruthers, Felicity Astin, Wendy Munro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) strategies to enable people who are temporarily voiceless due to medical intervention, to communicate. METHODS: A systematic review informed by a protocol published on an international register. Ten databases were searched from January 2004 to January 2017. Included studies assessed the effect of using AAC strategies on patient related outcomes and barriers to their use. All included studies were quality appraised...
March 29, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325063/beliefs-and-habits-staff-experiences-with-key-word-signing-in-special-schools-and-group-residential-homes
#13
Ellen Rombouts, Bea Maes, Inge Zink
Even though use of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) by staff has been extensively researched, few studies relate to unaided AAC strategies such as key word signing (KWS). We explored the KWS views of two groups: direct support staff in group residential homes and teachers from special education secondary schools. We examined transcripts from individual semi-structured interviews with five direct support staff and five teachers using thematic analysis. Participants discussed consistency of KWS use and reasons for implementing KWS...
March 21, 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298888/reaching-and-grasping-a-glass-of-water-by-locked-in-als-patients-through-a-bci-controlled-humanoid-robot
#14
Rossella Spataro, Antonio Chella, Brendan Allison, Marcello Giardina, Rosario Sorbello, Salvatore Tramonte, Christoph Guger, Vincenzo La Bella
Locked-in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients are fully dependent on caregivers for any daily need. At this stage, basic communication and environmental control may not be possible even with commonly used augmentative and alternative communication devices. Brain Computer Interface (BCI) technology allows users to modulate brain activity for communication and control of machines and devices, without requiring a motor control. In the last several years, numerous articles have described how persons with ALS could effectively use BCIs for different goals, usually spelling...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268848/design-and-development-of-an-aac-app-based-on-a-speech-to-symbol-technology
#15
Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo
The purpose of this paper is to present the design and the development of an Augmentative and Alternative Communication app that uses a speech to symbol technology to model language, i.e. to recognize the speech and display the text or the graphic content related to it. Our app is intended to be adopted by communication partners who want to engage in interventions focused on improving communication skills. Our app has the goal of translating simple speech sentences in a set of symbols that are understandable by children with complex communication needs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257530/comparing-the-effects-of-speech-generating-device-display-organization-on-symbol-comprehension-and-use-by-three-children-with-developmental-delays
#16
Andrea Barton-Hulsey, Jane Wegner, Nancy C Brady, Betty H Bunce, Rose A Sevcik
Purpose: Three children ages 3;6 to 5;3 with developmental and language delays were provided experience with a traditional grid-based display and a contextually organized visual scene display on a speech-generating device to illustrate considerations for practice and future research in augmentative and alternative communication assessment and intervention. Method: Twelve symbols were taught in a grid display and visual scene display using aided input during dramatic play routines...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227046/design-and-development-of-an-aac-app-based-on-a-speech-to-symbol-technology
#17
Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo, Elena Radici, Stefano Bonacina, Gianluca De Leo, Gianluca De Leo, Stefano Bonacina, Elena Radici
The purpose of this paper is to present the design and the development of an Augmentative and Alternative Communication app that uses a speech to symbol technology to model language, i.e. to recognize the speech and display the text or the graphic content related to it. Our app is intended to be adopted by communication partners who want to engage in interventions focused on improving communication skills. Our app has the goal of translating simple speech sentences in a set of symbols that are understandable by children with complex communication needs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222570/communication-vulnerable-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#18
Lavoisier Leite Neto, Ana Carolina Constantini, Regina Yu Shon Chun
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) exhibits speech disorders since the early stages that decrease the communication rate and interfere in social participation. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a literature review on communication vulnerable and Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. METHOD: Descriptors of the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) were used: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Health Vulnerability, Communication Barriers, Nonverbal Communication, and Communication Aids for Disabled...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218009/the-use-of-social-media-by-adults-with-acquired-conditions-who-use-aac-current-gaps-and-considerations-in-research
#19
Helen L Paterson
The global growth and development of social media has had a positive impact on many individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), who use it to communicate and connect with others. Research evidence into the use of social media by adults with acquired conditions who use AAC is limited. These individuals are a heterogeneous population, who can present with a range of linguistic, cognitive and physical needs, some of which progress rapidly, making accessing social media a challenge. These issues warrant research focusing on developing interventions to support the use of social media and the impact of these interventions...
March 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121173/a-call-for-innovative-social-media-research-in-the-field-of-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#20
Bronwyn Hemsley, Susan Balandin, Stuart Palmer, Stephen Dann
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) social media research is relatively new, and is built on a foundation of research on use of the Internet and social media by people with communication disabilities. Although the field is expanding to include a range of people who use AAC, there are limitations and gaps in research that will need to be addressed in order to keep pace with the rapid evolution of social media connectivity in assistive communication technologies. In this paper, we consider the aims, scope, and methodologies of AAC social media research, with a focus on social network sites...
March 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
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