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Musculoskeletal Ultrasound imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155823/ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-and-reliability-of-novel-ultrasonic-indexes-of-upper-trapezius-muscle
#1
Navid Taheri, Farshad Okhovatian, Asghar Rezasoltani, Mehdi Karami, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Hosein Kouhzad Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common non-articular musculoskeletal disorder. It is characterized by local and referred pain due to the presence of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). MTrPs most commonly involve the upper trapezius muscle and can be visualized using ultrasound imaging. This study was designed to determine the inter-rater reliability of some new ultrasonographic indices of the upper trapezius muscle and the sensitivity and specificity of 2D ultrasound imaging in the diagnosis of MPS...
March 23, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155066/pediatric-musculoskeletal-injuries-role-of-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
REVIEW
C L Piccolo, M Galluzzo, S Ianniello, M Trinci, A Russo, E Rossi, M Zeccolini, A Laporta, G Guglielmi, V Miele
Pediatric musculoskeletal system is particularly prone to traumatic and sports-related injuries, both acute and chronic, i.e., overuse injuries, because of inherent conditions of weakness, such as the open physis, representing the weakest aspect within the bone, the ligamentous supports and changing biomechanics. Being aware that a quick diagnosis is essential to preserve the good functionality of the limb involved, it is mandatory for the radiologist to recognize the most common patterns of these injuries, identifying those requiring a prompt surgery, as well as be confident with the technique performed, and be supported by an important background experience and knowledge skills...
February 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145739/achilles-tendon-loading-during-heel-raising-and-lowering-exercises
#3
Andrew Revak, Keith Diers, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Christina Olbrantz
CONTEXT:  Achilles tendinopathies are common injuries during sport participation, although men are more prone to Achilles tendon injuries than women. Heel-raising and -lowering exercises are typically suggested for Achilles tendon rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the estimated Achilles tendon loading variables and the ankle range of motion (ROM) using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed heel-raising and -lowering exercises. DESIGN:  Controlled laboratory study...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141953/interposition-dermal-matrix-xenografts
#4
Julie A Neumann, Miltiadis H Zgonis, Kathleen D Rickert, Kendall E Bradley, Thomas J Kremen, Blake R Boggess, Alison P Toth
BACKGROUND: Management of massive rotator cuff tears in shoulders without glenohumeral arthritis remains problematic for surgeons. Repairs of massive rotator cuff tears have failure rates of 20% to 94% at 1 to 2 years postoperatively as demonstrated with arthrography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging. Additionally, inconsistent outcomes have been reported with debridement alone of massive rotator cuff tears, and limitations have been seen with other current methods of operative intervention, including arthroplasty and tendon transfers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131608/anatomic-relationship-and-imaging-relevance-of-the-perforating-branches-of-the-peroneal-vessels-to-the-anterior-talofibular-ligament
#5
Yara Younan, Matthew Uriell, Walter Carpenter, Monica Umpierrez, Aparna Kakarala, Jean Jose, Douglas D Robertson, Ty K Subhawong, Adam Daniel Singer
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently present to the emergency department after ankle injuries, and the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) is commonly damaged. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) can help to make a rapid diagnosis. There is a paucity of literature describing techniques to image the ATFL with US, and the complex ankle anatomy and potential pitfalls make imaging challenging. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate prevalence of perforating branches (PBs) of the peroneal vessels and determine their most frequent position relative to the ATFL...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116271/intraosseous-lipoma-of-the-proximal-radius-with-extra-osseous-extension-leading-to-posterior-interosseous-nerve-compression-hrus-diagnosis
#6
S Narayan, V Verma Ahluwalia, P Singh Saharan, A Kumar Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Benign musculoskeletal lipomatous lesions are common in both soft tissue and bone. Imaging features of benign lipomatous lesions are often pathognomonic. Ultrasound (US) has been used to examine both soft tissue and bone tumors, allowing targeted CT or MRI examination of the region of interest. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old female presented with a four year history of palpable mass lesion just below the lateral aspect of right elbow with clinical evidence of posterior interosseous nerve compression...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115867/sonographic-tracking-of-trunk-nerves-essential-for-ultrasound-guided-pain-management-and-research
#7
Ke-Vin Chang, Chih-Peng Lin, Chia-Shiang Lin, Wei-Ting Wu, Manoj K Karmakar, Levent Özçakar
Delineation of architecture of peripheral nerves can be successfully achieved by high-resolution ultrasound (US), which is essential for US-guided pain management. There are numerous musculoskeletal pain syndromes involving the trunk nerves necessitating US for evaluation and guided interventions. The most common peripheral nerve disorders at the trunk region include thoracic outlet syndrome (brachial plexus), scapular winging (long thoracic nerve), interscapular pain (dorsal scapular nerve), and lumbar facet joint syndrome (medial branches of spinal nerves)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110933/shear-wave-elastography-of-the-supraspinatus-muscle-and-tendon-repeatability-and-preliminary-findings
#8
Timothy G Baumer, Leah Davis, Jack Dischler, Daniel S Siegal, Marnix van Holsbeeck, Vasilios Moutzouros, Michael J Bey
Shear wave elastography (SWE) is a promising tool for estimating musculoskeletal tissue properties, but few studies have rigorously assessed its repeatability and sources of error. The objectives of this study were to assess: (1) the extent to which probe positioning error and human user error influence measurement accuracy, (2) intra-user, inter-user, and day-to-day repeatability, and (3) the extent to which active and passive conditions affect shear wave speed (SWS) repeatability. Probe positioning and human usage errors were assessed by acquiring SWE images from custom ultrasound phantoms...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096718/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-the-era-of-precision-oncology-how-imaging-is-helpful
#9
REVIEW
Hina J Shah, Abhishek R Keraliya, Jyothi P Jagannathan, Sree Harsha Tirumani, Vikram R Lele, Pamela J DiPiro
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common histological subtype of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. As treatments continues to evolve, so do imaging strategies, and positron emission tomography (PET) has emerged as the most important imaging tool to guide oncologists in the diagnosis, staging, response assessment, relapse/recurrence detection,and therapeutic decision making of DLBCL. Other imaging modalities including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, and conventional radiography are also used in the evaluation of lymphoma...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070269/musculoskeletal-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-for-thickness-measurement-of-four-principal-muscles-of-the-cervical-spine-a-reliability-and-agreement-study
#10
Cecilie Krage Øverås, Birgitte Lawaetz Myhrvold, Gro Røsok, Eli Magnesen
BACKGROUND: The reliability of musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound imaging (MSK-DUSI) for the evaluation of neck musculature has been sparsely documented in the research literature. Until now, research has featured a limited number of subjects and only few studies have tested for both inter- and intra-reliability using appropriate methodology. METHODS: Four examiners conducted an inter- and intra-rater reliability and agreement study. Fifty females with and without neck pain (NP) between the ages of 20-70 were recruited from October 2014 to April 2015...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998042/ultrasound-features-of-the-posterior-tibialis-tendon-and-peroneus-brevis-tendon-entheses-a-comparison-study-between-healthy-adults-and-inflammatory-arthritis
#11
Ian M Ward, Eugene Kissin, Gurjit Kaeley, Joshua N Scott, Michelle Newkirk, Bernard A Hildebrand, Josh Lospinoso, Minna J Kohler, Jay B Higgs
OBJECTIVES: Limited literature exists on the sonographic appearance of the posterior tibialis (PTT) and the peroneus brevis (PBT) tendon entheses. We determined the anatomic features and best imaging techniques of normal PTT and PBT using musculoskeletal ultrasound and compared these findings to subjects with inflammatory arthritis. METHODS: Adult subjects were enrolled as: healthy controls (HC), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and spondyloarthropathy (SpA). Bilateral PTT and PBT entheses were imaged longitudinally, comparing two angles of insonation: perpendicular to the skin surface and 45˚ cephalad...
December 20, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941210/-contemporary-diagnostics-of-the-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#12
Jolanta Parada-Turska
Primary Sjögren's syndrome is one of the most common systemic autoimmune disorders, whose diagnosis is very often delayed. In most cases it is a mild disease with symptoms such as dryness and musculoskeletal pain and fatigue but 20-40% of patients suffer from severe systemic manifestations. Extraglandular manifestations can be the first sign of the disease, therefore it is very important to diagnose them as early as possible. Classification criteria established by the American-European Consensus Group (AECG) have been applied in primary Sjögren's syndrome diagnosis since 2002...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931965/musculoskeletal-interventional-procedures-with-or-without-imaging-guidance
#13
REVIEW
David Kane, Juhani Koski
Aspiration and injection of joints and soft tissues is an indispensable skill used in everyday practice by the clinical rheumatologist. Most rheumatologists recognise that performing these procedures using anatomical landmarks is not always successful, particularly in the case of small or infrequently injected joints, bursae or tendon sheaths. Musculoskeletal ultrasound confirms the local pathological-anatomical diagnosis and is the most applicable and feasible imaging method that can be applied in clinical practice in guiding musculoskeletal interventional procedures...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931964/imaging-in-paediatric-rheumatology-is-it-time-for-imaging
#14
REVIEW
Paz Collado, Clara Malattia
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a heterogeneous group of arthritides characterized by chronic synovial inflammation that can lead to structural damage. The main objective of JIA therapies is to induce disease control to avoid disability in childhood. The advances in therapeutic effectiveness have created a need to search for imaging tools that describe more precisely disease activity in children with JIA. Musculoskeletal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging have demonstrated to be more sensitive than clinical examination in early detection of synovitis...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928468/sonoelastography-in-the-musculoskeletal-system-current-role-and-future-directions
#15
REVIEW
Naomi Winn, Radhesh Lalam, Victor Cassar-Pullicino
Ultrasound is an essential modality within musculoskeletal imaging, with the recent addition of elastography. The elastic properties of tissues are different from the acoustic impedance used to create B mode imaging and the flow properties used within Doppler imaging, hence elastography provides a different form of tissue assessment. The current role of ultrasound elastography in the musculoskeletal system will be reviewed, in particular with reference to muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints and soft tissue tumours...
November 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914184/the-potential-use-of-ultrasound-magnetic-resonance-imaging-fusion-applications-in-musculoskeletal-intervention
#16
Christopher J Burke, Jenny Bencardino, Ronald Adler
We sought to assess the potential use of an application allowing real-time ultrasound spatial registration with previously acquired magnetic resonance imaging in musculoskeletal procedures. The ultrasound fusion application was used to perform a range of outpatient procedures including piriformis, sacroiliac joint, pudendal and intercostal nerve perineurial injections, hamstring-origin calcific tendonopathy barbotage, and 2 soft tissue biopsies at our institution in 2015. The application was used in a total of 7 procedures in 7 patients, all of which were technically successful...
January 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833696/ultrasound-detection-of-patellar-fracture-and-evaluation-of-the-knee-extensor-mechanism-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Kiersten Carter, Arica Nesper, Laleh Gharahbaghian, Phillips Perera
Traumatic injuries to the knee are common in emergency medicine. Bedside ultrasound (US) has benefits in the rapid initial detection of injuries to the patella. In addition, US can also quickly detect injuries to the entire knee extensor mechanism, including the quadriceps tendon and inferior patellar ligament, which may be difficult to diagnose with plain radiographs. While magnetic resonance imaging remains the gold standard for diagnostic evaluation of the knee extensor mechanism, this can be difficult to obtain from the emergency department...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796481/-imaging-options-in-pediatric-rheumatology
#18
D Windschall
There has been growing interest in the use of imaging modalities in pediatric rheumatology for the past 15 years. Nowadays, highly sensitive imaging techniques can be used to detect early stages of pediatric rheumatic diseases in addition to the physical examination. Magnetic resonance imaging and musculoskeletal ultrasound play the most important role. Moreover, these two techniques are of great value in differential diagnostics and therapy monitoring. The use of imaging methods with a high radiation exposure could therefore be greatly reduced over the last decade...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777821/development-of-a-protocol-for-spect-ct-in-the-assessment-of-wrist-disorders
#19
Aude Le Corre, Kym Phuong Huynh, Rasmeet Singh Dhaliwal, Gregory Ian Bain
Background Single-photon emission computed tomography and computed tomography (SPECT/CT) is a hybrid diagnostic imaging modality that allows clinicians to integrate their diagnostic evaluations and deliver a definitive diagnosis in musculoskeletal disorders. Specifically, in identification of osseous pathology, the conventional bone scan delivers greater specificity compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, use of SPECT/CT enhances the sensitivity and specificity. Use of this modality denotes the possibility to specify the lesion more accurately and precisely while grading the activity according to osseous structural changes...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755645/characterization-of-rotator-cuff-tears-ultrasound-versus-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Kelechi R Okoroha, Nima Mehran, Jonathan Duncan, Travis Washington, Tyler Spiering, Michael J Bey, Marnix Van Holsbeeck, Vasilios Moutzouros
Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are both capable of diagnosing full-thickness rotator cuff tears. However, it is unknown which imaging modality is more accurate and precise in evaluating the characteristics of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in a surgical population. This study reviewed 114 patients who underwent arthroscopic repair of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear over a 1-year period. Of these patients, 61 had both preoperative MRI and ultrasound for review. Three musculoskeletal radiologists evaluated each ultrasound and MRI in a randomized and blinded fashion on 2 separate occasions...
October 18, 2016: Orthopedics
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