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Musculoskeletal Ultrasound imaging

Johannes Roth, Viviana Ravagnani, Marina Backhaus, Peter Balint, Alessandra Bruns, George A Bruyn, Paz Collado, Lorenia De la Cruz, Severine Guillaume-Czitrom, Troels Herlin, Cristina Hernandez, Annamaria Iagnocco, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Stefano Lanni, Vibke Lilleby, Clara Malattia, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Consuelo Modesto, Ana Narrodi, Juan-Carlos Nieto, Sarah Ohrndorf, Linda Rossi, Anne-Marit Selvaag, Nanno Swen, Tracy Ting, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Patricia Vega-Fernandez, Jelena Vojinovic, Daniel Windschall, Maria-Antonietta D'Agostino, Esperanza Naredo
Objectives Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) has the potential to be an important tool in the assessment of disease activity in childhood arthritides. To assess pathology, clear definitions for synovitis need to be developed first. The aim of this study was to develop and validate these definitions through an international consensus process. Methods The decision on which US techniques to use, the components to be included in the definitions as well as the final wording were developed by 31 ultrasound experts in a consensus process...
October 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Sharon L Kolasinski, Andrew S Chi, Angel J Lopez-Garib
Systemic rheumatic diseases frequently pose diagnostic challenges to the clinician. The precise nature of the disorder can be obscure and different disorders can present with similar symptoms, such as joint pain. Plain radiographs provide an appropriate starting point for detection of joint abnormalities. Musculoskeletal ultrasound and MRI offer greater sensitivity in detecting synovitis, tenosynovitis and bony erosions, among other features. However, due to the rarity of these diseases and lack of prospective longitudinal trials, a broader picture of the epidemiology of these findings and their implications for treatment and outcomes remains to be determined...
November 2016: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
Su Young Kim, Ji Hyun Cheon, Won Jun Seo, Geun Young Yang, Yun Mi Choi, Kyung Hoon Kim
The musculoskeletal system is mainly composed of the bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments, in addition to nerves and blood vessels. The greatest difficulty in an ultrasonographic freeze-frame created by the examiner is recognition of the targeted structures without indicators, since an elephant's trunk may not be easily distinguished from its leg. It is not difficult to find descriptive ultrasonographic terms used for educational purposes, which help in distinguishing features of these structures either in a normal or abnormal anatomic condition...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Victor Longo, Jon A Jacobson, David P Fessell, Kenneth Mautner
The purpose of this series was to retrospectively characterize the ultrasound findings of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). The Institutional Review Board approved our study, and informed consent was waived. A retrospective search of radiology reports using the key phrase "delayed-onset muscle soreness" and key word "DOMS" from 2001 to 2015 and teaching files was completed to identify cases. The sonograms were reviewed by 3 fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologists by consensus. Sonograms were retrospectively characterized with respect to echogenicity (hypoechoic, isoechoic, or hyperechoic), distribution of muscle involvement, and intramuscular pattern (focal versus diffuse and well defined versus poorly defined)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Cristina Caresio, Massimo Salvi, Filippo Molinari, Kristen M Meiburger, Marco Alessandro Minetto
Musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging allows non-invasive measurement of skeletal muscle thickness. Current techniques generally suffer from manual operator dependency, while all the computer-aided approaches are limited to be semi-automatic or specifically optimized for a single muscle. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a fully automatic method, named MUSA (Muscle UltraSound Analysis), for measurement of muscle thickness on longitudinal ultrasound images acquired from different skeletal muscles...
October 6, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
John Z Srbely, Dinesh Kumbhare, Liza Grosman-Rimon
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common conditions of chronic musculoskeletal pain encountered by primary healthcare practitioners on a daily basis. It is generally accepted amongst the broad profile of healthcare practitioners treating MPS that the presence of discrete, palpable and tender nodules within the muscle, known as myofascial trigger points (MTrP), is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of MPS. Manual palpation is currently the most common technique used to detect MTrP, however, previous research has shown that the reliability of manual palpation for detecting MTrP is poor, and in our opinion unacceptably poor, leading to inconsistent diagnosis of MPS and poor patient outcomes...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Fausto Antonio Panizzolo, Andrew J Maiorana, Louise H Naylor, Lawrence G Dembo, David G Lloyd, Daniel J Green, Jonas Rubenson
BACKGROUND: Alterations in skeletal muscle function and architecture have been linked to the compromised exercise capacity characterizing chronic heart failure (CHF). However, how passive skeletal muscle force is affected in CHF is not clear. Understanding passive force characteristics in CHF can help further elucidate the extent to which altered contractile properties and/or architecture might affect muscle and locomotor function. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate passive force in a single muscle for which non-invasive measures of muscle size and estimates of fiber force are possible, the soleus (SOL), both in CHF patients and age- and physical activity-matched control participants...
2016: PeerJ
Sherman O Canapp, Debra A Canapp, Victor Ibrahim, Brittany Jean Carr, Catherine Cox, Jennifer G Barrett
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical findings and outcomes for 55 dogs with supraspinatus tendinopathy (ST) treated with adipose-derived progenitor cells and platelet-rich plasma (ADPC-PRP) therapy. METHODS: Medical records of client-owned dogs diagnosed with ST that were treated with ADPC-PRP combination therapy were reviewed from 2006 to 2013. Data collected included signalment, medical history, limb involvement, prior treatments, physical and orthopedic examination, objective temporospatial gait analysis findings, diagnostic imaging results (radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, musculoskeletal ultrasonography), arthroscopy findings, and outcome...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Alberto Stefano Tagliafico
Peripheral nerve imaging is recognized as a complement to clinical and neurophysiological assessment in the evaluation of peripheral nerves with the ability to impact patient management, even for small and difficult nerves. The European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology, suggest to use ultrasound (US) for nerve evaluation due to the fact that, in sever anatomical area, magnetic resonance imaging is not able to give additional informations. US could be considered the first-choice approach for the assessment of peripheral nerves...
August 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
Marcello Zappia, Alberto Aliprandi, Simona Pozza, Fabio Martino Doniselli, Salvatore Gitto, Luca Maria Sconfienza
OBJECTIVES: To define when an ultrasound examination of the shoulder can be considered complete and how many examinations currently performed in Italy are actually complete according to that definition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reports and images of previously performed ultrasound examinations of the shoulder of patients seen in 2014 for interventional procedures were reviewed for the following items, according to guidelines published by the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology: long biceps, subscapularis, supraspinatus, external rotators, acromioclavicular joint, subacromial bursa, subacromial space, coraco-acromial ligament, and the posterior recess...
September 16, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Sarah Stewart, Nicola Dalbeth, Alain C Vandal, Bruce Allen, Rhian Miranda, Keith Rome
OBJECTIVE: The first metatarsophalangeal joint (1MTPJ) is frequently affected in gout. The aim of this study was to identity ultrasound features of the 1MTPJ in people with gout and people with asymptomatic hyperuricaemia compared with normouricaemic controls. METHODS: Participants with gout (n=23), asymptomatic hyperuricaemia (n=29) and age- and sex-matched normouricaemic control participants (n=34) underwent a grey-scale and power Doppler ultrasound assessment of bilateral 1MTPJs by a single musculoskeletal radiologist...
September 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Mihaela C Micu, Florian Berghea, Daniela Fodor
In the last years, important advancements have been made in implementing high resolution imaging related information inside the global management algorithm in RA patients. Musculoskeletal ultrasound has already proven its utility in visualizing directly the joint synovial tissue, the synovial vascularization and in monitoring the response to therapy. Recently, much attention has been given to the presence of tenosynovitis, as a constant, complementary but different facet of the inflammatory involvement in RA...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
Michael Day, M Phil, Richard A McCormack, Samir Nayyar, Laith Jazrawi
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography offers a fast and inexpensive method to evaluate the rotator cuff in the office setting. However, the accuracy of ultrasound is highly user dependent. The purpose of this study is to investigate the learning curve of an orthopaedic surgeon in using ultrasound to diagnose rotator cuff tears. METHODS: A sports medicine fellowship trained orthopaedic surgeon was taught how to perform and interpret an ultrasound examination of the shoulder by a musculoskeletal radiologist...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Lene Terslev, Richard Wakefield, Mikkel Østergaard, Peter Balint, Esperanza Naredo, Annamaria Iagnocco, Marina Backhaus, Walter Grassi, Paul Emery
The absence of specific guidance on how to use ultrasound (US) to diagnose and manage patients with inflammatory arthritis, especially with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has hindered the optimal utilisation of US in clinical practice, potentially limiting its benefits for patient outcomes. In view of this, a group of musculoskeletal US experts formed a working group to consider how this unmet need could be satisfied and to produce guidance (additional to European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) imaging recommendations) to support clinicians in their daily clinical work...
November 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Kelms Amoo-Achampong, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Frank McCormick
BACKGROUND: The utilization of musculoskeletal ultrasound has expanded within the setting of the orthopedic clinic as a cost-effective, point-of-care diagnostic tool for shoulder pathology. In experienced hands, ultrasound exhibits capabilities equivalent to that of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of many shoulder diseases including full-thickness and partial-thickness rotator cuff tears. Although similarly effective in identifying additional shoulder disease processes, major obstacles to its widespread use include user dependence and intrinsic limitation to extra-articular diagnosis...
August 22, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Gursharan Kalsi, Nicola R Fry, Adam P Shortland
BACKGROUND: Our understanding of the interaction of muscle bellies and their tendons in individuals with muscle pathology is limited. Knowledge of these interactions may inform us of the effects of musculoskeletal pathologies on muscle-tendon dynamics and the subsequent neurological control strategies used in gait. Here, we investigate gastrocnemius muscle-tendon interaction in typically-developing (TD) adults and children, and in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). METHODS: We recruited six TD adults (4 female; mean age: 34 yrs...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
O Kenechi Nwawka
CONTEXT: Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) research is expanding due to increased clinical utility of sonography. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. RESULTS: Ultrasound is widely applied in musculoskeletal imaging and sports medicine. The real-time capabilities and favorable cost profile of US make it ideal for use in diagnosis of musculoskeletal conditions. The enthusiasm for the use of US in musculoskeletal imaging has led to an increase in US research to broaden its applications...
September 2016: Sports Health
Christian Beyer, Sofia Ramiro, Francisca Sivera, Peter Mandl, Pedro M Machado, Caroline Ospelt, Anna Moltó, Helga Radner, Annamaria Iagnocco, Johannes W Bijlsma, Ingrid E Lundberg
OBJECTIVES: To understand the educational needs and preferences of young clinicians and physician researchers in the field of rheumatology in Europe. METHODS: An international online survey was performed as a joint venture of ESCET and EMEUNET. The survey assessed the acceptance of and the access to the current European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) educational portfolio, as well as the unmet educational needs and learning preferences among individuals below the age of 40 years working in rheumatology in Europe...
2016: RMD Open
Mark-Friedrich B Hurdle
As the population ages, more patients are developing degenerative changes of the spine and associated pain. Although interventional procedures for axial and radicular spine pain have been available for decades, common imaging modalities have relied on ionizing radiation for guidance. Over the past decade, ultrasound has become increasingly popular to image both peripheral musculoskeletal and axial structures. This article reviews the use of ultrasound in the guidance of spine procedures, including cervical and lumbar facet injections and medial branch blocks, third occipital nerve blocks, thoracic facet and costotransverse joint injections, sacroiliac joint injections, and caudal and interlaminar epidural injections...
August 2016: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Neeraj B Purohit, Leonard J King
Musculoskeletal ultrasound utilises high-frequency linear transducers to produce high-resolution images of soft tissue structures. It is an increasingly useful tool in the assessment of both acute and chronic musculoskeletal injuries; it is relatively cheap, portable and can be used to facilitate targeted injections. In this review paper, we aim to provide a summary on the normal and abnormal appearances of skeletal tissue in the setting of acute and chronic lower limb sporting injuries.
August 2015: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
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