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Musculoskeletal Ultrasound imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447158/-ultrasound-diagnostics-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
V S Schäfer, W A Schmidt
Ultrasound of the salivary glands is a specific examination for detecting pathology of salivary glands in the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome. It is easy to learn, rapidly performed, non-invasive and inexpensive. Other imaging techniques, such as sialography and scintigraphy, are currently only rarely performed. For the examination, linear ultrasound probes with frequencies between 7 and 12 MHz are recommended. Such probes are already widely available to the rheumatologist performing musculoskeletal ultrasound...
April 26, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424849/ultrasound-evaluation-of-the-ulnar-collateral-ligament-of-the-elbow-which-method-is-most-reproducible
#2
Mehool Shukla, Robert Keller, Nathan Marshall, Hafeez Ahmed, Courtney Scher, Vasilios Bill Moutzouros, Marnix van Holsbeeck
INTRODUCTION: The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) is an important medial stabilizer of the elbow, particularly in overhead-throwing athletes. However, there is no universally accepted method for evaluating UCL thickness with ultrasound (US). OBJECTIVE: To assess reproducibility of previously published methods, as well as a modified technique, for evaluating the UCL via US. We hypothesize that a modified technique would show greater reproducibility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using US, the thickness of the UCL in 50 volunteers was measured by two musculoskeletal trained radiologists using two different measurement techniques...
April 20, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366223/radiologic-approach-to-musculoskeletal-infections
#3
REVIEW
Claus S Simpfendorfer
Imaging is often used to establish a diagnosis of musculoskeletal infections and evaluate the full extent and severity of disease. Imaging should always start with radiographs, which provide an important anatomic overview. MRI is the test of choice in most musculoskeletal infections because of its superior soft tissue contrast resolution and high sensitivity for pathologic edema. However, MRI is not always possible. Alternative imaging modalities including ultrasound scan, computed tomography, and radionuclide imaging may be used...
March 30, 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356203/variation-in-patients-travel-times-among-imaging-examination-types-at-a-large-academic-health-system
#4
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Yu Liang, Richard Duszak, Michael P Recht
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Patients' willingness to travel farther distances for certain imaging services may reflect their perceptions of the degree of differentiation of such services. We compare patients' travel times for a range of imaging examinations performed across a large academic health system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the NYU Langone Medical Center Enterprise Data Warehouse to identify 442,990 adult outpatient imaging examinations performed over a recent 3...
March 27, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343302/force-assisted-ultrasound-imaging-system-through-dual-force-sensing-and-admittance-robot-control
#5
Ting-Yun Fang, Haichong K Zhang, Rodolfo Finocchi, Russell H Taylor, Emad M Boctor
PURPOSE: Ultrasound imaging has been a gold standard for clinical diagnoses due to its unique advantages compared to other imaging modalities including: low cost, noninvasiveness, and safeness to the human body. However, the ultrasound scanning process requires applying a large force over extended periods of time, often in uncomfortable postures in order to maintain the desired orientation. This physical requirement over sonographers' careers often leads to musculoskeletal pain and strain injuries...
March 25, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340204/changes-in-pain-and-muscle-architecture-in-colon-cancer-survivors-after-a-lumbopelvic-exercise-program-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Mario Lozano-Lozano, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Antonio Fernández-Pérez, Noelia Galiano-Castillo
Objective.:  To investigate the efficacy of an eight-week lumbopelvic stabilization program (CO-CUIDATE) for colon cancer survivors. Design.:  A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled clinical trial. Settings.:  A blinded, trained researcher performed the end point assessments for pain (Pressure Pain Threshold and Brief Pain Inventory) and muscle architecture (ultrasound imaging measurements). Subjects.:  Forty-six colon cancer survivors who were assigned to the CO-CUIDATE group or usual care group...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269183/segmentation-of-the-metacarpus-and-phalange-in-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-images-using-local-active-contours
#7
Nelson Martins, Malik Saad Sultan, Diana Veiga, Manuel Ferreira, Miguel Coimbra
This work presents a method for the automatic segmentation of metacarpus and phalange bones in ultrasound images of the second metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) using Active Contours. The MCPJ is known to be the one of the first structures to be affected by rheumatic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis. The early detection and follow-up of this disease is important to prevent irreversible damage of the joints, which occurs continuously and faster if no treatment is used. To our knowledge, there is no automatic system to quantify the extension of the lesions resulting from rheumatic activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230569/procedure-oriented-torsional-anatomy-of-the-hand-for-spasticity-injection
#8
Joslyn John, John Cianca, Faye Chiou-Tan, Sindhu Pandit, Erin Furr-Stimming, Katherine H Taber
OBJECTIVES: To provide musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSKUS) images of hand anatomy in the position of hemiparetic flexion as a reference for spasticity injections. After a stroke, spasticity can result in anatomic distortion of the hand. Spasticity may require treatment with botulinum toxin or phenol injections. Anatomic distortion may decrease the accuracy of injections. Standard anatomic references are of limited utility because they are not in this spastic hemiparetic position. There presently is no anatomic reference in the literature for these spastic postures...
March 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228698/current-and-prospective-use-of-musculoskeletal-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-at-chiropractic-teaching-institutions-a-worldwide-survey-of-diagnostic-imaging-staff
#9
Rogan E A Henderson, Bruce F Walker, Kenneth J Young
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to survey the use of musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound imaging (MSK-DUSI) at chiropractic educational programs worldwide and to elicit opinions of academic diagnostic imaging staff of its prospective use at their teaching institutions. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was delivered in 2014 using SurveyMonkey and notifications were disseminated by e-mail to 127 diagnostic imaging staff at chiropractic programs worldwide...
March 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227413/segmentation-of-the-metacarpus-and-phalange-in-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-images-using-local-active-contours
#10
Nelson Martins, Malik Saad Sultan, Diana Veiga, Manuel Ferreira, Miguel Coimbra, Nelson Martins, Malik Saad Sultan, Diana Veiga, Manuel Ferreira, Miguel Coimbra, Diana Veiga, Nelson Martins, Malik Saad Sultan, Miguel Coimbra, Manuel Ferreira
This work presents a method for the automatic segmentation of metacarpus and phalange bones in ultrasound images of the second metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) using Active Contours. The MCPJ is known to be the one of the first structures to be affected by rheumatic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis. The early detection and follow-up of this disease is important to prevent irreversible damage of the joints, which occurs continuously and faster if no treatment is used. To our knowledge, there is no automatic system to quantify the extension of the lesions resulting from rheumatic activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155823/ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-and-reliability-of-novel-ultrasonic-indexes-of-upper-trapezius-muscle
#11
Navid Taheri, Farshad Okhovatian, Asghar Rezasoltani, Mehdi Karami, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Hosein Kouhzad Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common non-articular musculoskeletal disorder. It is characterized by local and referred pain due to the presence of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). MTrPs most commonly involve the upper trapezius muscle and can be visualized using ultrasound imaging. This study was designed to determine the inter-rater reliability of some new ultrasonographic indices of the upper trapezius muscle and the sensitivity and specificity of 2D ultrasound imaging in the diagnosis of MPS...
March 23, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155066/pediatric-musculoskeletal-injuries-role-of-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
REVIEW
C L Piccolo, M Galluzzo, S Ianniello, M Trinci, A Russo, E Rossi, M Zeccolini, A Laporta, G Guglielmi, V Miele
Pediatric musculoskeletal system is particularly prone to traumatic and sports-related injuries, both acute and chronic, i.e., overuse injuries, because of inherent conditions of weakness, such as the open physis, representing the weakest aspect within the bone, the ligamentous supports and changing biomechanics. Being aware that a quick diagnosis is essential to preserve the good functionality of the limb involved, it is mandatory for the radiologist to recognize the most common patterns of these injuries, identifying those requiring a prompt surgery, as well as be confident with the technique performed, and be supported by an important background experience and knowledge skills...
March 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145739/achilles-tendon-loading-during-heel-raising-and-lowering-exercises
#13
Andrew Revak, Keith Diers, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Christina Olbrantz
CONTEXT: Achilles tendinopathies are common injuries during sport participation, although men are more prone to Achilles tendon injuries than women. Heel-raising and -lowering exercises are typically suggested for Achilles tendon rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the estimated Achilles tendon loading variables and the ankle range of motion (ROM) using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed heel-raising and -lowering exercises. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141953/interposition-dermal-matrix-xenografts
#14
Julie A Neumann, Miltiadis H Zgonis, Kathleen D Rickert, Kendall E Bradley, Thomas J Kremen, Blake R Boggess, Alison P Toth
BACKGROUND: Management of massive rotator cuff tears in shoulders without glenohumeral arthritis remains problematic for surgeons. Repairs of massive rotator cuff tears have failure rates of 20% to 94% at 1 to 2 years postoperatively as demonstrated with arthrography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging. Additionally, inconsistent outcomes have been reported with debridement alone of massive rotator cuff tears, and limitations have been seen with other current methods of operative intervention, including arthroplasty and tendon transfers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131608/anatomic-relationship-and-imaging-relevance-of-the-perforating-branches-of-the-peroneal-vessels-to-the-anterior-talofibular-ligament
#15
Yara Younan, Matthew Uriell, Walter Carpenter, Monica Umpierrez, Aparna Kakarala, Jean Jose, Douglas D Robertson, Ty K Subhawong, Adam Daniel Singer
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently present to the emergency department after ankle injuries, and the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) is commonly damaged. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) can help to make a rapid diagnosis. There is a paucity of literature describing techniques to image the ATFL with US, and the complex ankle anatomy and potential pitfalls make imaging challenging. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate prevalence of perforating branches (PBs) of the peroneal vessels and determine their most frequent position relative to the ATFL...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116271/intraosseous-lipoma-of-the-proximal-radius-with-extra-osseous-extension-leading-to-posterior-interosseous-nerve-compression-hrus-diagnosis
#16
S Narayan, V Verma Ahluwalia, P Singh Saharan, A Kumar Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Benign musculoskeletal lipomatous lesions are common in both soft tissue and bone. Imaging features of benign lipomatous lesions are often pathognomonic. Ultrasound (US) has been used to examine both soft tissue and bone tumors, allowing targeted CT or MRI examination of the region of interest. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old female presented with a four year history of palpable mass lesion just below the lateral aspect of right elbow with clinical evidence of posterior interosseous nerve compression...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115867/sonographic-tracking-of-trunk-nerves-essential-for-ultrasound-guided-pain-management-and-research
#17
Ke-Vin Chang, Chih-Peng Lin, Chia-Shiang Lin, Wei-Ting Wu, Manoj K Karmakar, Levent Özçakar
Delineation of architecture of peripheral nerves can be successfully achieved by high-resolution ultrasound (US), which is essential for US-guided pain management. There are numerous musculoskeletal pain syndromes involving the trunk nerves necessitating US for evaluation and guided interventions. The most common peripheral nerve disorders at the trunk region include thoracic outlet syndrome (brachial plexus), scapular winging (long thoracic nerve), interscapular pain (dorsal scapular nerve), and lumbar facet joint syndrome (medial branches of spinal nerves)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110933/shear-wave-elastography-of-the-supraspinatus-muscle-and-tendon-repeatability-and-preliminary-findings
#18
Timothy G Baumer, Leah Davis, Jack Dischler, Daniel S Siegal, Marnix van Holsbeeck, Vasilios Moutzouros, Michael J Bey
Shear wave elastography (SWE) is a promising tool for estimating musculoskeletal tissue properties, but few studies have rigorously assessed its repeatability and sources of error. The objectives of this study were to assess: (1) the extent to which probe positioning error and human user error influence measurement accuracy, (2) intra-user, inter-user, and day-to-day repeatability, and (3) the extent to which active and passive conditions affect shear wave speed (SWS) repeatability. Probe positioning and human usage errors were assessed by acquiring SWE images from custom ultrasound phantoms...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096718/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-the-era-of-precision-oncology-how-imaging-is-helpful
#19
REVIEW
Hina J Shah, Abhishek R Keraliya, Jyothi P Jagannathan, Sree Harsha Tirumani, Vikram R Lele, Pamela J DiPiro
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common histological subtype of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. As treatments continues to evolve, so do imaging strategies, and positron emission tomography (PET) has emerged as the most important imaging tool to guide oncologists in the diagnosis, staging, response assessment, relapse/recurrence detection,and therapeutic decision making of DLBCL. Other imaging modalities including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, and conventional radiography are also used in the evaluation of lymphoma...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070269/musculoskeletal-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-for-thickness-measurement-of-four-principal-muscles-of-the-cervical-spine-a-reliability-and-agreement-study
#20
Cecilie Krage Øverås, Birgitte Lawaetz Myhrvold, Gro Røsok, Eli Magnesen
BACKGROUND: The reliability of musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound imaging (MSK-DUSI) for the evaluation of neck musculature has been sparsely documented in the research literature. Until now, research has featured a limited number of subjects and only few studies have tested for both inter- and intra-reliability using appropriate methodology. METHODS: Four examiners conducted an inter- and intra-rater reliability and agreement study. Fifty females with and without neck pain (NP) between the ages of 20-70 were recruited from October 2014 to April 2015...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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