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Sport injury prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924314/comparison-between-standing-broad-jump-test-and-wingate-test-for-assessing-lower-limb-anaerobic-power-in-elite-sportsmen
#1
Anup Krishnan, Deep Sharma, Madhu Bhatt, Apoorv Dixit, P Pradeep
BACKGROUND: Lower limb explosive power is an important motor quality for sporting performance and indicates use of anaerobic energy systems like stored ATP and Creatine phosphate system. Weightlifting, Fencing and Wrestling use it for monitoring and identification of potential sportsmen. The Wingate test and Standing Broad Jump (SBJ) test are reliable and accurate tests for its assessment. This study conducted on elite Indian sportsmen tries to analyse feasibility of use of the SBJ test in sports and military medicine when Wingate test is impractical...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923589/an-investigation-into-the-immediate-effects-of-pelvic-taping-on-hamstring-eccentric-force-in-an-elite-male-sprinter-a-case-report
#2
Ben Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Hamstring Injuries commonly cause missed training and competition time in elite sports. Injury surveillance studies have demonstrated high injury and re-injury rates, which have not improved across sports despite screening and prevention programmes being commonplace. The most commonly suggested intervention for hamstring prevention and rehabilitation is eccentric strength assessment and training. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case study describes the management of an elite sprinter with a history of hamstring injury...
August 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919185/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-injuries-in-high-school-athletes-over-a-ten-year-period
#3
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Over 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. While catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available characterizing less severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among United States (US) HS athletes across 24 sports over a ten-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study SETTING: National sample of high schools participating in the High School Reporting Information Online (High School RIO) injury surveillance system...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912731/long-term-athletic-development-in-youth-alpine-ski-racing-the-effect-of-physical-fitness-ski-racing-technique-anthropometrics-and-biological-maturity-status-on-injuries
#4
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Erich Müller, Christian Fink, Christian Raschner
Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injuries. Because most studies have focused mainly on top-level athletes and on traumatic injuries, limited research exists about injury risk factors among youth ski racers. The aim of this study was to determine the intrinsic risk factors (anthropometrics, biological maturity, physical fitness, racing technique) for injury among youth alpine ski racers. Study participants were 81 youth ski racers attending a ski boarding school (50 males, 31 females; 9-14 years)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902754/wrist-pain-in-gymnasts-a-review-of-common-overuse-wrist-pathology-in-the-gymnastics-athlete
#5
Holly J Benjamin, Sean C Engel, Debra Chudzik
Injury rates among gymnasts are among the highest of any sport at the high school and collegiate level per athletic exposure. The wrist has increased injury risk due to repetitive physical stresses predisposing it to acute injury, overuse, and degenerative damage. This article will review the most common overuse wrist injuries seen in gymnasts. Prompt evaluation and management is necessary to avoid the negative sequelae that can often accompany these injuries. Little is known about effective sport-specific injury prevention strategies, but general guidelines for overuse injury prevention including limiting excessive loading of the wrist, maintaining wrist joint flexibility, an emphasis on proper technique, and incorporating wrist and general core strengthening seem beneficial...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901201/sex-differences-in-balance-among-alpine-ski-racers-cross-sectional-age-comparisons
#6
Christian Raschner, Carolin Hildebrandt, Johanna Mohr, Lisa Müller
Although balance is a key ability in the strength demands of alpine ski racing, affecting both performance and injury prevention, few studies have examined balance or related sex differences among still-maturing athletes. In this 10-year study, we investigated cross-sectional balance performances at different age periods of a representative sample of over 500 11-18-year-old elite skiers of both genders. Participants performed balance tests using the MFT S3-Check. Left-right and forward-backward movements were used to calculate sensory and symmetry balance scores, which were both incorporated into a stability score...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900059/neuroimaging-of-sports-concussions
#7
Teresa G Odle
Concussions resulting from sports activities have received attention in recent years, and failure to prevent head injury has undergone scrutiny. Although many factors contribute to sports concussion incidence, determining when an athlete can return to play is crucial to minimizing long-term effects of concussion. To date, neuroimaging plays a limited role in concussion evaluation, but conventional and advanced neuroimaging techniques are contributing to the body of research on their future use in evaluation...
July 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895620/epidemiology-of-overuse-injuries-in-youth-team-sports-a-3-year-prospective-study
#8
Mari Leppänen, Kati Pasanen, Pekka Kannus, Tommi Vasankari, Urho M Kujala, Ari Heinonen, Jari Parkkari
Prospective studies on overuse injuries and their impact on athletic training among youth team sports are scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, severity and player related risk factors of overuse injuries among young (12-20 years) basketball and floorball players. A total of 387 players participated in a 3-year prospective study. Each player completed a baseline questionnaire regarding their background information. Overuse injuries that prevented players to fully or partly participate in their regular training were collected...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891550/common-types-and-countermeasures-of-ankle-ligament-injury-caused-by-intense-basketball-movement
#9
H Hu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze ankle ligament injury of basketball players caused during movement, summarize injury types, analyze the causes of injury, and put forward corresponding control measures. METHODS: The author selected 3100 basketball players with ankle ligament injury during basketball movement and admitted to different hospitals from June 2011 to June 2015 for stochastic analysis. Through the literature, investigation, and observation, etc., common types of injuries of basketball players are analyzed, and damage preventive measures of basketball players are discussed, so as to find measures to prevent and treat ankle ligament injury of basketball players and promote physical rehabilitation of players, which is in favor of their better career development...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890798/american-football-and-other-sports-injuries-may-cause-migraine-persistent-pain-decades-later-and-can-be-treated-successfully-with-electrical-twitch-obtaining-intramuscular-stimulation-etoims
#10
J Chu, S McNally, F Bruyninckx, D Neuhauser
INTRODUCTION: Autonomous twitch elicitation at myofascial trigger points from spondylotic radiculopathies-induced denervation supersensitivity can provide favourable pain relief using electrical twitch-obtaining intramuscular stimulation (ETOIMS). AIM: To provide objective evidence that ETOIMS is safe and efficacious in migraine and persistent pain management due to decades-old injuries to head and spine from paediatric American football. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An 83-year-old mildly hypertensive patient with 25-year history of refractory migraine and persistent pain self-selected to regularly receive fee-for-service ETOIMS 2/week over 20 months...
April 2017: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890783/twitter-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-content-and-sentiment-analysis-of-tweets-pertaining-to-sport-related-brain-injury
#11
Adriana M Workewych, Madeline Ciuffetelli Muzzi, Rowan Jing, Stanley Zhang, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVES: Sport-related traumatic brain injuries are a significant public health burden, with hundreds of thousands sustained annually in North America. While sports offer numerous physical and social health benefits, traumatic brain injuries such as concussion can seriously impact a player's life, athletic career, and sport enjoyment. The culture in many sports encourages winning at all costs, placing athletes at risk for traumatic brain injuries. As social media has become a central part of everyday life, the content of users' messages often reflects the prevailing culture related to a particular event or health issue...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886868/sharper-angle-higher-risk-the-effect-of-cutting-angle-on-knee-mechanics-in-invasion-sport-athletes
#12
Mervin J Schreurs, Anne Benjaminse, Koen A P M Lemmink
INTRODUCTION: Cutting is an important skill in team-sports, but unfortunately is also related to non-contact ACL injuries. The purpose was to examine knee kinetics and kinematics at different cutting angles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 13 males and 16 females performed cuts at different angles (45°, 90°, 135° and 180°) at maximum speed. 3D kinematics and kinetics were collected. To determine differences across cutting angles (45°, 90°, 135° and 180°) and sex (female, male), a 4×2 repeated measures ANOVA was conducted followed by post hoc comparisons (Bonferroni) with alpha level set at α≤0...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886473/strategies-for-injury-prevention-in-brazilian-football-perceptions-of-physiotherapists-and-practices-of-premier-league-teams
#13
Maurício Couto Meurer, Marcelo Faria Silva, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
OBJECTIVES: To describe the physiotherapists perceptions and the current practices for injury prevention in elite football (soccer) clubs in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Group of Science in Sports & Exercise, Federal University of Healthy Sciences of Porto Alegre (Brazil). PARTICIPANTS: 16 of the 20 football clubs involved in the Brazilian premier league 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physiotherapists answered a structured questionnaire...
July 25, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884093/hamstring-injuries-update-article
#14
Lucio Ernlund, Lucas de Almeida Vieira
Hamstring (HS) muscle injuries are the most common injury in sports. They are correlated to long rehabilitations and have a great tendency to recur. The HS consist of the long head of the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus. The patient's clinical presentation depends on the characteristics of the lesion, which may vary from strain to avulsions of the proximal insertion. The most recognized risk factor is a previous injury. Magnetic resonance imaging is the method of choice for the injury diagnosis and classification...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879571/risk-factors-for-non-contact-injury-in-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Mitchell R L Forrest, Jeffrey J Hebert, Brendan R Scott, Stefano Brini, Alasdair R Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to injury. Recognising the risk factors for non-contact injury in this population will aid future injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for non-contact injury in adolescent cricket pace bowlers. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and the South African Journal of Sports Medicine to identify all experimental and observational studies reporting risk factors for non-contact injuries in pace bowlers (aged 12-19 years)...
September 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869996/-prevention-of-head-and-brain-injuries-in-football-is-there-a-need-to-ban-headings
#16
Volker Krutsch, Werner Krutsch, Petra Jansen, Helmut Hoffmann, Peter Angele, Jennifer Lehmann, Oliver Loose, Axel Gänsslen, Michael Nerlich, Johannes Weber
Football, the most popular sports worldwide, is associated with a high number of injuries. Head and brain injuries in football are less frequent, but may result in severe long-term damage. The mechanisms of these injuries in football are multifactorial, and the ball is rarely the main cause of a head injury. Short-term, medium-term and long-term consequences of headings in football are insufficiently examined, and there are hardly any case reports about severe episodes. Heading has been banned in US junior football since November 2015, which is understandable considering the higher risk for head injuries in popular American sports such as ice hockey or American football and people's fear associated with this risk...
September 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865574/can-competitive-athletes-return-to-high-level-play-after-osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-of-the-knee
#17
Mark A McCarthy, Maximilian A Meyer, Alexander E Weber, David M Levy, Annemarie K Tilton, Adam B Yanke, Brian J Cole
PURPOSE: To investigate functional outcomes among competitive athletes undergoing osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation of the knee, including rates of return to play (RTP), and factors preventing RTP. METHODS: A retrospective review identified all competitive athletes (high school, intercollegiate, professional) undergoing isolated femoral condyle OCA from 2004 to 2013. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires (Lysholm, International Knee Documentation Committee [IKDC], Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score [KOOS], Western Ontario and McMasters Universities Arthritis Index [WOMAC], 12-Item Short Form Health Survey [SF-12], Tegner, and Marx) and custom RTP surveys were administered...
September 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854524/school-sport-associated-injuries-in-adolescents-a-single-center-experience
#18
Rene Burchard, Anne Stolpp, Thomas Kratz, Christoph Forreiter, Matthias Lahner
BACKGROUND: Each year, on average 1.26 million students face physical injuries at German schools and universities. Implementation of systematic prevention programs against school-associated injuries in adolescents is poor. Part of the reason might be a lack of data on nature and frequency of common school-associated injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to obtain qualitative and quantitative data that might help to develop prevention or protection strategies against sport-associated injuries at school...
August 14, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840152/humeral-avulsion-of-the-glenohumeral-ligament-indications-for-surgical-treatment-and-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Anthony Bozzo, Colby Oitment, Patrick Thornley, James Yan, Anthony Habib, Daniel J Hoppe, George S Athwal, Olufemi R Ayeni
BACKGROUND: The inferior glenohumeral ligament, the most important static anterior stabilizer of the shoulder, becomes disrupted in humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) lesions. Unfortunately, HAGL lesions commonly go unrecognized. A missed HAGL during an index operation to treat anterior shoulder instability may lead to persistent instability. Currently, there are no large studies describing the indications for surgical repair or the outcomes of patients with HAGL lesions...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839406/an-appraisal-of-the-prevalence-and-attributes-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-permanent-anterior-teeth-among-7-14-year-old-school-children-of-north-east-delhi
#20
Kopal Garg, Namita Kalra, Rishi Tyagi, Amit Khatri, Gaurav Panwar
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, associated risk factors, characteristics, and pattern of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in the permanent anterior teeth among school children of North East Delhi area. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was done in 3000 school-going children aged 7-14 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A detailed case history and clinical examination were performed on the entire sample population...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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