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Sport injury prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209571/-visionzero-is-it-achievable-for-rugby-related-catastrophic-injuries-in-south-africa
#1
EDITORIAL
James Brown, Wayne Viljoen, Clint Readhead, Gail Baerecke, Mike Lambert, Caroline F Finch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203593/effects-of-sex-and-fatigue-on-biomechanical-measures-during-the-drop-jump-task-in-children
#2
Kristín Briem, Kolbrún Vala Jónsdóttir, Árni Árnason, Þórarinn Sveinsson
BACKGROUND: Female athletes have a higher rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than males from adolescence and into maturity, which is suggested to result from sex-specific changes in dynamic movement patterns with maturation. Few studies have studied movement strategies and response to fatigue in children. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of fatigue on biomechanical variables associated with increased risk for ACL injury during a drop-jump (DJ) performance in children...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199800/preventive-biomechanics
#3
Timothy E Hewett, Nathaniel A Bates
BACKGROUND: Preventive medicine techniques have alleviated billions of dollars' worth of the economic burden in the medical care system through the implementation of vaccinations and screenings before the onset of disease symptoms. Knowledge of biomechanical tendencies has progressed rapidly over the past 20 years such that clinicians can identify, in healthy athletes, the underlying mechanisms that lead to catastrophic injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. As such, preventive medicine concepts can be applied to noncontact musculoskeletal injuries to reduce the economic burden of sports medicine treatments and enhance the long-term health of athletes...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187164/biomechanics-of-fencing-sport-a-scoping-review
#4
Tony Lin-Wei Chen, Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Yan Wang, Sicong Ren, Fei Yan, Ming Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our scoping review was to identify and summarize current evidence on the biomechanics of fencing to inform athlete development and injury prevention. DESIGN: Scoping review. METHOD: Peer-reviewed research was identified from electronic databases using a structured keyword search. Details regarding experimental design, study group characteristics and measured outcomes were extracted from retrieved studies, summarized and information regrouped under themes for analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181891/-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-an-old-acquaintance-in-athletes
#5
E G B Vijverberg, A C M Pijnenburg, P Scheltens, Y A L Pijnenburg
- Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by repetitive head injuries like those seen in sports such as boxing, American football and soccer.- The clinical features of CTE are a range of cognitive, psychiatric and motor symptoms, and histopathology involves deposits of hyperphosphorylated tau protein and the presence of TAR DNA-binding protein (TDP-43) with relatively little beta-amyloid.- CTE is difficult to differentiate clinically from Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia and psychiatric disorders because of the major symptom overlap between these conditions...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176368/pharmacological-inhibition-of-myostatin-protects-against-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-and-weakness-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear
#6
Caroline N W Wurtzel, Jonathan P Gumucio, Jeremy A Grekin, Roger K Khouri, Carol S Davis, Alan J Russell, Asheesh Bedi, Christopher L Mendias
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are among the most frequent knee injuries in sports medicine, with tear rates in the US up to 250,000 per year. Many patients who suffer from ACL tears have persistent atrophy and weakness even after considerable rehabilitation. Myostatin is a cytokine that directly induces muscle atrophy, and previous studies rodent models and patients have demonstrated an upregulation of myostatin after ACL tear. Using a preclinical rat model, our objective was to determine if the use of a bioneutralizing antibody against myostatin could prevent muscle atrophy and weakness after ACL tear...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173788/real-time-optimized-biofeedback-utilizing-sport-techniques-robust-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Mark V Paterno, Bin Huang, Kevin R Ford
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in female athletes lead to a variety of short- and long-term physical, financial, and psychosocial ramifications. While dedicated injury prevention training programs have shown promise, ACL injury rates remain high as implementation has not become widespread. Conventional prevention programs use a combination of resistance, plyometric, balance and agility training to improve high-risk biomechanics and reduce the risk of injury. While many of these programs focus on reducing knee abduction load and posture during dynamic activity, targeting hip extensor strength and utilization may be more efficacious, as it is theorized to be an underlying mechanism of injury in adolescent female athletes...
February 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#8
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
February 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162913/coach-led-preventive-training-program-in-youth-soccer-players-improves-movement-technique
#9
J Luke Pryor, Hayley J Root, Lesley W Vandermark, Riana R Pryor, Jessica C Martinez, Thomas H Trojian, Craig R Denegar, Lindsay J DiStefano
: Long-term implementation of preventive training programs (PTP) in youth sport requires coach involvement. However, the optimal training of coaches to effectively implement a PTP remains unknown. It is also unknown if the benefits of PTP can be enhanced with multiple sport seasons of exposure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of prior PTP exposure on movement technique in youth soccer players after completing a coach-led PTP. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized controlled trial...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160810/non-battle-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-deployed-to-afghanistan-and-iraq-2001-2013
#10
Avni A Patel, Keith G Hauret, Bonnie J Taylor, Bruce H Jones
INTRODUCTION: Many non-battle injuries among deployed soldiers are due to occupational-related tasks. Given that non-battle injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, occupational safety and health are of great concern to the military. Some of the leading causes of non-battle injuries in the military are also common in non-military occupational settings. Nationally, falls and motor-vehicle accidents are leading causes of non-fatal occupational injuries in the civilian workforce...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160738/on-the-mechanical-behaviour-of-peek-and-ha-cranial-implants-under-impact-loading
#11
D Garcia-Gonzalez, J Jayamohan, S N Sotiropoulos, S-H Yoon, J Cook, C R Siviour, A Arias, A Jérusalem
The human head can be subjected to numerous impact loadings such as those produced by a fall or during sport activities. These accidents can result in skull fracture and in some complex cases, part of the skull may need to be replaced by a biomedical implant. Even when the skull is not damaged, such accidents can result in brain swelling treated by decompressive craniectomy. Usually, after recovery, the part of the skull that has been removed is replaced by a prosthesis. In such situations, a computational tool able to analyse the choice of prosthesis material depending on the patient's specific activity has the potential to be extremely useful for clinicians...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151759/patellar-tendinopathy-and-potential-risk-factors-an-international-database-of-cases-and-controls
#12
Sarah Morton, Sean Williams, Xavier Valle, David Diaz-Cueli, Peter Malliaras, Dylan Morrissey
OBJECTIVES: Numerous risk factors have been identified for patellar tendinopathy (PT), often in small population studies. The aim was to use an international online questionnaire to generate a large database and identify significant risk factors. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Private practice and sporting teams recruited from England, Spain, and Italy with the questionnaire available in all 3 languages (equivalence between online and self-administration shown previously)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148703/addressing-adolescent-oral-health-a-review
#13
Hugh Silk, Amy Kwok
Oral health is one of the most unmet health care needs of adolescents. Oral disease can have a profound effect on overall health, including pain, missed school, heart disease, and even death. Adolescents have specific needs pertaining to oral health in addition to the usual lifelong issues of caries management, sports injury prevention, and dental referrals. Teen years are a higher risk time for oral piercings, increased sugar intake, nicotine initiation, and orthodontic considerations. Adolescents need a unique approach to motivate them about their oral health issues...
February 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146414/timing-of-lower-extremity-injuries-in-competition-and-practice-in-high-school-sports
#14
Kyle Nagle, Bernadette Johnson, Lina Brou, Tyler Landman, Ada Sochanska, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Laboratory-based experiments demonstrate that fatigue may contribute to lower extremity injury (LEI). Few studies have examined the timing of LEIs during competition and practice, specifically in high school athletes across multiple sports, to consider the possible relationship between fatigue and LEIs during sport events. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to describe the timing of LEIs in high school athletes within games and practices across multiple sports, with a hypothesis that more and severe injuries occur later in games and practices...
February 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144407/knee-injuries-in-wrestlers-a-prospective-study-from-the-indian-subcontinent
#15
Shalini Agarwal, Ekta Mann
BACKGROUND: Wrestling is a very popular sport the world over and its popularity is rapidly increasing in India. However, due to its arduous nature it is associated with a high incidence of injuries. Out of all the injuries, those to the knee are one of the commonest injuries reported. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to study the pattern of these injuries in the Indian wrestlers. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted involving 196 wrestlers who were followed up over a period of 2 years...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142351/epidemiology-of-surgically-managed-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures-in-a-sports-surgery-practice
#16
Andrew Arjun Sayampanathan, Bryan Koh Thean Howe, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Chong Hwei Chi, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are common knee injuries, especially among sportsmen and sportswomen. The aim of this study is to better understand the epidemiology of surgically managed ACL tears sustained in our institution. METHODS: All patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction by the senior author of this article in Singapore from 2008 to 2013 were studied. Patients who were diagnosed clinically and/or radiologically to have a complete tear of the ACL and subsequently underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were included...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134647/etiology-of-nasal-bone-fractures
#17
Kun Hwang, So Jung Ki, Sang Hyun Ko
The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the etiology of nasal bone fractures (NBFs).In PubMed (500 titles) and Scopus (272), the search terms "nasal bone fracture" AND "etiology OR cause" were used. Among the 772 titles, 137 were duplicated and excluded. The 552 titles were excluded and 83 abstracts were read. Subsequently, 42 abstracts were excluded and 41 full articles providing data on etiologies of NBFs were reviewed. Finally, 26 papers were incorporated into this analysis.The causes of NBFs were different between adults and children...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124130/mechanisms-and-situations-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-professional-male-soccer-players-a-youtube-based-video-analysis
#18
Alberto Grassi, Stephen Paul Smiley, Tommaso Roberti di Sarsina, Cecilia Signorelli, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Alice Bondi, Matteo Romagnoli, Alessandra Agostini, Stefano Zaffagnini
BACKGROUND: Soccer is considered the most popular sport in the world concerning both audience and athlete participation, and the incidence of ACL injury in this sport is high. The understanding of injury situations and mechanisms could be useful as substratum for preventive actions. PURPOSE: To conduct a video analysis evaluating the situations and mechanisms of ACL injury in a homogeneous population of professional male soccer players, through a search entirely performed on the YouTube...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118030/the-epidemiology-of-severe-injuries-sustained-by-national-collegiate-athletic-association-student-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#19
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Aaron D Gray, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:  Few researchers have described the incidence of the most severe injuries sustained by student-athletes at the collegiate level. OBJECTIVE:  To describe the epidemiology of severe injuries within 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:  Aggregate injury and exposure data from 25 NCAA sports...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116877/prevalence-of-dental-injuries-and-awareness-regarding-mouthguards-among-basketball-players-and-coaches
#20
Murat Tiryaki, Gunce Saygi, Sevda Ozel Yildiz, Zuhal Yildirim, Ugur Erdemir, Taner Yucel
BACKGROUND: Dental injuries are frequently occurred by an impact to facial area among basketball players. In fact, mouthguards are able to absorb the power of impacts and protect teeth from excessive forces, it is crucial for players even at training to wear mouthguards. To determine the prevalence of dental injuries and investigate the awareness about the use of mouthguards among basketball players and coaches. METHODS: A 14-item questionnaire was designed and tested among licensed basketball players and coaches, all of whom were continuously exposed to the risk of dental injuries...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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