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Sport injury prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347941/a-five-year-retrospective-study-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-and-visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma
#1
Edita Puodžiuvienė, Giedrė Jokūbauskienė, Monika Vieversytė, Kirwan Asselineau
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma can lead to serious visual impairment as a result of the trauma itself or secondary to amblyopia. Precise data on epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular injuries are valuable for the prevention of monocular blindness. METHODS: A total of 268 cases of pediatric ocular trauma admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345524/recovery-and-performance-in-sport-consensus-statement
#2
Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter, Jürgen Beckmann
The relationship between recovery and fatigue and its impact on performance has attracted the interest of sports science for many years. An adequate balance between stress (training and competition load, other life demands) and recovery is essential for athletes to achieve continuous high-level performance. Research has focused on the examination of physiological and psychological recovery strategies to compensate external and internal training and competition loads. A systematic monitoring of recovery and the subsequent implementation of recovery routines aims at maximizing performance and preventing negative developments such as underrecovery, non-functional overreaching, the overtraining syndrome, injuries, or illnesses...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343462/a-tailored-web-based-advice-tool-for-skiers-and-snowboarders-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ellen Kemler, Vincent Gouttebarge
BACKGROUND: Being active in sports has many positive health effects. The direct effects of engaging in regular physical activity are particularly apparent in the prevention of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, and osteoporosis. Besides the beneficial health effects of being active, sports participation is unfortunately also associated with a risk of injuries. In the case of many sports injuries (eg, winter sports) preventive measures are not compulsory, which means that a behavioral change in sports participants is necessary to increase the use of effective measures, and subsequently prevent or reduce injuries in sports...
January 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340745/a-6-week-warm-up-injury-prevention-programme-results-in-minimal-biomechanical-changes-during-jump-landings-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
PURPOSE: To examine the extent to which an ACL injury prevention programme modifies lower extremity biomechanics during single- and double-leg landing tasks in both the sagittal and frontal plane. It was hypothesized that the training programme would elicit improvements in lower extremity biomechanics, but that these improvements would be greater during a double-leg sagittal plane landing task than tasks performed on a single leg or in the frontal plane. METHODS: Ninety-seven competitive multi-directional sport athletes that competed at the middle- or high-school level were cluster randomized into intervention (n = 48, age = 15...
January 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327824/are-there-bilateral-isokinetic-shoulder-rotator-differences-in-basketball-male-players
#5
Thierry Weissland, Maryne Cozette, Clare Doyle, Antoine Gabrion
BACKGROUND: The internal (IR) and external (ER) rotator shoulder strength are often assess in the upper limb sports to prevent a risk of injuries. The purpose of this comparative study was to measure the agonist/antagonist balance of shoulder strength and to determine whether significant differences exist between the dominant and nondominant sides in basketball players compared to a control groups. METHODS: During the championship, 23 elite male-basketball players (BB) and 23 healthy males (CG) were tested bilaterally on a Cybex Norm isokinetic dynamometer in a seated position with 45° shoulder abduction in the scapular plane at 60°...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320307/musculoskeletal-injuries-in-professional-modern-dancers-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-15-years
#6
Shaw Bronner, Caroline McBride, Allison Gill
We analysed work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WMSI) in two modern dance companies to determine whether injury rates decreased and patterns altered compared to previous 3-yr and 6-yr audits (0.48 and 0.25/1000-hrs exposure respectively). In this prospectively designed 15-yr cohort study, data were collected in 30-dancer Company-1 and 12-dancer Company-2. In-house physical therapists tracked WMSI and time-loss-injuries for 159 dancers (42 dancers/yr). 15-yrs were grouped into five 3-yr blocks for comparison with prior audits...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318177/injury-recurrence-among-high-school-athletes-in-the-united-states-a-decade-of-patterns-and-trends-2005-2006-through-2015-2016
#7
K Linnea Welton, Matthew J Kraeutler, Lauren A Pierpoint, Justin H Bartley, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
Background: As participation in high school athletics increases, so does the number of adolescents experiencing sports-related injury. Understanding injury patterns is an important component to developing and evaluating prevention and rehabilitation programs. Purpose: To analyze recurrent injury rates and patterns among high school athletes, to compare recurrent injuries with new injuries, and to evaluate injury trends over time. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315449/trends-and-epidemiology-of-tennis-related-sprains-strains-in-the-united-states-2010-to-2016
#8
Jonathan D Chevinsky, Jared M Newman, Neil V Shah, Neel Pancholi, John Holliman, Nipun Sodhi, Ahmed Eldib, Qais Naziri, Bashir A Zikria, John P Reilly, Scott E Barbash, William P Urban
BACKGROUND: While tennis is one of the most popular sports in the world, it predisposes those who play it to a number of injuries. Several studies have shown sprains/strains to be the most common tennis-related injury. However, data is limited regarding trends in tennis-related sprains/strains. Therefore, this study evaluated: 1) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains; 2) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains by age; and 3) trends in the most common tennis-related sprained/strained body parts...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315048/outcome-of-surgical-management-of-stress-fractures-in-high-demand-individuals
#9
C Maden, A Robbins, A Volpin, C Biz, S Konan
Stress fractures represent one-fifth of overuse injuries in sport. Successful healing of stress fractures in high demand individuals is important to prevent complications upon early return to activity. This article reviews the literature on outcomes of surgical management of stress fractures in high demand individuals. An online literature search was carried out for articles published up to and including January 2017. Twenty five papers were reviewed. In the majority of studies, no complications were reported, clinical and radiographic healing was achieved, and patients returned to their premorbid level of activity...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314903/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-prevention-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#10
Darin A Padua, Lindsay J DiStefano, Timothy E Hewett, William E Garrett, Stephen W Marshall, Grace M Golden, Sandra J Shultz, Susan M Sigward
OBJECTIVE:   To provide certified athletic trainers, physicians, and other health care and fitness professionals with recommendations based on current evidence regarding the prevention of noncontact and indirect-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in athletes and physically active individuals. BACKGROUND:   Preventing ACL injuries during sport and physical activity may dramatically decrease medical costs and long-term disability. Implementing ACL injury-prevention training programs may improve an individual's neuromuscular control and lower extremity biomechanics and thereby reduce the risk of injury...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311358/pediatric-sports-and-recreation-related-eye-injuries-treated-in-us-emergency-departments
#11
Krystin N Miller, Christy L Collins, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of sports- and recreation-related eye injuries among children in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System were analyzed in a retrospective study of children ≤17 years of age treated in US emergency departments for sports- and recreation-related eye injuries from 1990 to 2012. RESULTS: From 1990 through 2012, an estimated 441 800 (95% confidence interval: 378 868-504 733) children were treated in US emergency departments for sports- and recreation-related eye injuries, averaging 26...
January 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308969/social-cognitive-or-learning-theory-use-to-improve-self-efficacy-in-musculoskeletal-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Cameron Ghazi, John Nyland, Rumeal Whaley, Thomas Rogers, Jeff Wera, Cameron Henzman
OBJECTIVE: To review the rehabilitation research methodological quality and intervention effectiveness of studies that used social cognitive or learning theory principles to improve self-efficacy in patients with orthopedic or musculoskeletal conditions. DESIGN: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis of peer reviewed studies published in English was performed using the OVID and SPORTDiscus databases. Initial search terms were "social cognitive theory" or "social learning theory" combined with "rehabilitation"...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306625/epidemiology-of-morbidity-and-mortality-in-us-and-canadian-recreational-scuba-diving
#13
P Buzzacott, D Schiller, J Crain, P J Denoble
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates morbidity and mortality suffered by divers in the USA and Canada. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively recruited probability-weighted sample for estimating the national burden of injury and a weighted retrospective survey for estimating exposure. METHODS: The National Electronic Surveillance System and Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were searched for scuba diving injuries. The Divers Alert Network diving fatality database was searched for deaths, and Sports and Fitness Industry Association estimates for diving were obtained from annual surveys...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304721/epidemiology-of-shoulder-and-elbow-injuries-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-wrestlers-2009-2010-through-2013-2014
#14
Avi D Goodman, John Twomey-Kozak, Steven F DeFroda, Brett D Owens
OBJECTIVES: Examination of the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in the collegiate wrestling population is limited. Therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers competing in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and investigate the risk factors involved. METHODS: All shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years in the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database were extracted...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304118/anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-identifying-information-sources-and-risk-factor-awareness-among-the-general-population
#15
Yasuharu Nagano, Hiroko Yako-Suketomo, Hiroaki Natsui
INTRODUCTION: Raising awareness on a disorder is important for its prevention and for promoting public health. However, for sports injuries like the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury no studies have investigated the awareness on risk factors for injury and possible preventative measures in the general population. The sources of information among the population are also unclear. The purpose of the present study was to identify these aspects of public awareness about the ACL injury...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303400/the-sequence-of-prevention-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-recreational-basketballers-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#16
Özgür Kilic, Vivian van Os, Ellen Kemler, Maarten Barendrecht, Vincent Gouttebarge
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (basketball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of basketball injuries. This study aimed to gather systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures for musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players. METHODS: Highly sensitive search strategies were built based on three groups of keywords (and related search terms)...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299879/injuries-in-field-hockey-players-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Saulo Delfino Barboza, Corey Joseph, Joske Nauta, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: To commence injury prevention efforts, it is necessary to understand the magnitude of the injury problem. No systematic reviews have yet investigated the extent of injuries in field hockey, despite the popularity of the sport worldwide. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the rate and severity of injuries in field hockey and investigate their characteristics. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus, and CINAHL...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299876/the-incidence-of-injury-in-amateur-male-rugby-union-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Caithriona Yeomans, Ian C Kenny, Roisin Cahalan, Giles D Warrington, Andrew J Harrison, Kevin Hayes, Mark Lyons, Mark J Campbell, Thomas M Comyns
BACKGROUND: Rugby union is a physically demanding, full-contact team sport that has gained worldwide popularity. The incidence of injury in rugby union has been widely reported in the literature. While comprehensive injury surveillance and prevention programmes have been implemented within the professional game, there is a need for similar strategies in the amateur game. Despite recent increases in the volume of research in rugby, there is little consensus regarding the true incidence rate of match and training injuries in senior amateur male rugby union players...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299611/bone-morphology-and-morphometry-of-the-lateral-femoral-condyle-is-a-risk-factor-for-acl-injury
#19
Sebastiano Vasta, Renato Andrade, Rogério Pereira, Ricardo Bastos, Antonino Giulio Battaglia, Rocco Papalia, João Espregueira-Mendes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the knee lateral compartment bony morphology and morphometry on risk of sustaining an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. METHODS: A total of 400 age and sex-matched patients (200 ACL-ruptured and 200 ACL-intact) were included. The lateral femoral and tibial bone morphology and morphometric parameters were measured on knee lateral radiographs, taken at 30° of knee flexion with overlapping of the femoral condyles...
January 3, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284906/may-heading-in-soccer-result-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review-of-literature
#20
REVIEW
Gorazd Bunc, Janez Ravnik, Tomaz Velnar
Background: Globally, soccer is the most popular team sport, unifying many fans all around the world. The epidemiological studies so far have confirmed that head playing and hitting the ball with head may cause minor head injuries, which exert their effects in a cumulative way. Methods: Literature search for this review was conducted and data about traumatic brain injury collected from various sources. Results: The consequences of head injury are evident as chronic changes in cognition, including disturbances in concentration and slowing of mental and physical agility...
October 2017: Medical Archives
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