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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213698/rice-grassy-stunt-virus-p5-interacts-with-two-protein-components-of-the-plant-specific-cbl-cipk-ca-2-signaling-network-of-rice
#1
Guihong Xiong, Xiaojuan Liu, Ping Qiu, Xiaoyong Wu, Zhenguo Du, Jie Zhang, Liang Yang, Zujian Wu
Rice grassy stunt virus (RGSV) is a tenuivirus posing a threat to rice production in many South, Southeast, and East Asian countries. To date, no host factor interacting with RGSV has been reported. In this study, we screened a rice cDNA library with the GAL4-based yeast two-hybrid system using RGSV p5 as the bait. One of the candidate host factors interacting with RGSV p5 was found to be CBL-interacting protein kinase 25 (OsCIPK25), a member of the plant-specific CBL-CIPK Ca(2+) signaling network. The interaction between RGSV p5 and OsCIPK25, as well as OsCIPK5, which is closely related to OsCIPK25, was confirmed by their cellular co-localization and by a bimolecular fluorescence complementation assay in Nicotiana benthamiana cells...
February 17, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211609/comparison-of-body-mass-index-at-diagnosis-of-diabetes-in-a-multiethnic-population-a-case-control-study-with-matched-non-diabetic-controls
#2
Sanjoy K Paul, Ebenezer S Owusu Adjah, Mayukh Samanta, Kiran Patel, Srikanth Bellary, Wasim Hanif, Kamlesh Khunti
AIMS: To investigate the probability of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at different body mass index compared to matched non-diabetic controls in a multi-ethnic population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case-control study of 90,367 patients with incident diabetes and 362,548 age-sex-ethnicity matched controls from UK primary care. Probability of developing T2DM was estimated. RESULTS: Case and control patients were 56 years old at index and 56% were male...
February 17, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207634/ethnic-background-is-a-potential-barrier-to-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-canada-a-single-center-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Istvan Mucsi, Aarushi Bansal, Olusegun Famure, Yanhong Li, Margot Mitchell, Amy D Waterman, Marta Novak, S Joseph Kim
BACKGROUND: We examined if African or Asian ethnicity was associated with lower access to kidney transplantation (KT) in a Canadian setting. METHODS: Patients referred for KT to the Toronto General Hospital from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2012, who completed social work assessment, were included (n=1769). The association between ethnicity and the time from referral to completion of KT evaluation or receipt of a KT were examined using Cox proportional hazards models...
February 15, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198645/three-decades-of-dengue-surveillance-in-five-highly-endemic-south-east-asian-countries
#4
T A Wartel, A Prayitno, S R S Hadinegoro, M R Capeding, U Thisyakorn, N H Tran, A Moureau, A Bouckenooghe, J Nealon, A-F Taurel
We described and quantified epidemiologic trends in dengue disease burden in 5 Asian countries (Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam) and identified and estimated outbreaks impact over the last 3 decades. Dengue surveillance data from 1980 to 2010 were retrieved from DengueNet and from World Health Organization sources. Trends in incidence, mortality, and case fatality rate (CFR) were systematically analyzed using annual average percent change (AAPC), and the contribution of epidemic years identified over the observation period was quantified...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195217/lipid-droplet-dynamics-and-insulin-sensitivity-upon-a-5-day-high-fat-diet-in-caucasians-and-south-asians
#5
Anne Gemmink, Leontine E H Bakker, Bruno Guigas, Esther Kornips, Gert Schaart, A Edo Meinders, Ingrid M Jazet, Matthijs K C Hesselink
A 5-day High-Fat High-Calorie diet (HFHC-diet) reduces insulin-stimulated glucose disposal (Rd) in South Asian, but not Caucasian healthy lean males. We aimed to investigate if differences in myocellular lipid handling are underlying this differential response. A two-step hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp and muscle biopsies were performed in 12 healthy lean Caucasian and South Asian males (BMI < 25 kg/m(2), 19-25 years) before and after a 5-day HFHC-diet (regular diet + 375 mL cream/day; 1275 kcal/day; 94% fat)...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194268/filipino-women-s-diet-and-health-study-filwhel-design-and-methods
#6
Grace P Abris, Sangmo Hong, Sherlyn Mae P Provido, Jung Eun Lee, Chang Beom Lee
BACKGROUND: Immigration to South Korea from neighboring Asian countries has risen dramatically, primarily due to marriage between Korean men and foreign women. Although Filipino women rank fourth among married immigrant women, little is known about the health condition of this population. This manuscript focuses on the design and methods of Filipino women's diet and health study (FiLWHEL). SUBJECTS/METHODS: FiLWHEL is a cohort of Filipino women married to Korean men, aged 19 years old or over...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193996/a-case-report-of-primary-nasal-natural-killer-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-in-an-african-american-patient-presenting-with-hemophagocytic-syndrome
#7
Bowei Tan, Cherif Abdelmalek, James E O'Donnell, Thomas Toltaku, Rashid Chaudhry, Jen C Wang, Vladimir Gotlieb
BACKGROUND Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL) is generally an aggressive and rare non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is most common in East Asians, Native Americans, and South Americans, but is rarely reported in blacks. CASE REPORT A 55-year-old African American male born in Grenada presented with a left nostril mass with facial swelling and biopsy subsequently confirmed a diagnosis of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL). Immunochemistry was positive for CD2, cytoplasmic CD3, CD7, CD 43, CD 56, granzyme B, and TIA-1...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187626/comment-on-on-i-gonorynchus-i-i-gonorhynchus-i-i-gonorinchus-i-i-gonorhinchus-i-and-i-gonorrhynchus-i-and-some-other-names-of-labeonine-fishes-teleostei-gonorhynchidae-and-cyprinidae-by-kottelat-2016
#8
Patrick J Ciccotto, Lawrence M Page
Kottelat (2016) noted that 'Gonorhynchus McClelland, 1838,' the name used for a South Asian cyprinid genus recognized by Yang et al. (2012) and revised by Ciccotto & Page (2016), does not exist or is a junior homonym of Gonorhynchus Cuvier, 1816. He further noted that Tariqilabeo Mirza & Saboohi, 1990 is the valid genus name for the species recognized in Gonorhynchus by Yang et al. (2012) and by Ciccotto & Page (2016). Kottelat also rejected the placement of Epalzeorhynchus bicornis Wu, 1977 in this genus by Yang et al...
January 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186122/half-metre-sea-level-fluctuations-on-centennial-timescales-from-mid-holocene-corals-of-southeast-asia
#9
Aron J Meltzner, Adam D Switzer, Benjamin P Horton, Erica Ashe, Qiang Qiu, David F Hill, Sarah L Bradley, Robert E Kopp, Emma M Hill, Jędrzej M Majewski, Danny H Natawidjaja, Bambang W Suwargadi
Sea-level rise is a global problem, yet to forecast future changes, we must understand how and why relative sea level (RSL) varied in the past, on local to global scales. In East and Southeast Asia, details of Holocene RSL are poorly understood. Here we present two independent high-resolution RSL proxy records from Belitung Island on the Sunda Shelf. These records capture spatial variations in glacial isostatic adjustment and paleotidal range, yet both reveal a RSL history between 6850 and 6500 cal years BP that includes two 0...
February 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185139/rescue-of-a-recombinant-newcastle-disease-virus-strain-r2b-expressing-green-fluorescent-protein
#10
Madhan Mohan Chellappa, Sohini Dey, Satish Gaikwad, Dinesh C Pathak, Vikram N Vakharia
Newcastle disease virus (NDV), strain R2B is a mesogenic vaccine strain used for booster vaccination in chickens against Newcastle disease in India and many south East Asian countries. A full-length cDNA clone of the virus was generated by ligating eight overlapping fragments generated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction having unique restriction enzyme sites within them. This full-length cDNA clone was flanked by hammerhead ribozyme and hepatitis delta virus ribozyme sequences. Defined genetic markers were introduced into the NDV genome to differentiate the rescued virus from the parent virus...
February 9, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179709/health-risk-calculators-for-pakistan
#11
Sanjay Kalra
This brief article describes risk calculators that are based on populations of Pakistani ethnicity, and can be used for risk stratification in Pakistani and other South Asian clinics. Covering the QRISK, QKidney, QThrombosis, QFracture and QCancer risk calculators, it uses examples to explain how these can be utilized for risk stratification.
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179594/nuclear-cardiology-practice-in-asia-analysis-of-radiation-exposure-and-best-practice-for-myocardial-perfusion-imaging%C3%A3-results-from-the-iaea-nuclear-cardiology-protocols-cross-sectional-study-incaps
#12
Thomas N B Pascual, Mathew Mercuri, Noura El-Haj, Henry Hee-Sung Bom, Vikram Lele, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Osnat Luxenburg, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Joao Vitola, John J Mahmarian, Nathan Better, Leslee J Shaw, Madan M Rehani, Ravi Kashyap, Diana Paez, Maurizio Dondi, Andrew J Einstein
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the current status of radiation exposure to patients in myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in Asia.Methods and Results:Laboratories voluntarily provided information on MPI performed over a 1-week period. Eight best practice criteria regarding MPI were predefined by an expert panel. Implementation of ≥6 best practices (quality index [QI] ≥6) was pre-specified as a desirable goal for keeping radiation exposure at a low level. Radiation effective dose (ED) in 1,469 patients and QI of 69 laboratories in Asia were compared against data from 239 laboratories in the rest of the world (RoW)...
February 8, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178928/measurement-of-blood-pressure-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-hypertension-in-different-ethnic-groups-one-size-fits-all
#13
Paramjit Gill, M Sayeed Haque, Una Martin, Jonathan Mant, Mohammed A Mohammed, Gurdip Heer, Amanpreet Johal, Ramandeep Kaur, Claire Schwartz, Sally Wood, Sheila M Greenfield, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and prevalence varies by ethnic group. The diagnosis and management of blood pressure are informed by guidelines largely based on data from white populations. This study addressed whether accuracy of blood pressure measurement in terms of diagnosis of hypertension varies by ethnicity by comparing two measurement modalities (clinic blood pressure and home monitoring) with a reference standard of ambulatory BP monitoring in three ethnic groups...
February 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176842/clay-mineralogical-and-geochemical-proxies-of-the-east-asian-summer-monsoon-evolution-in-the-south-china-sea-during-late-quaternary
#14
Quan Chen, Zhifei Liu, Catherine Kissel
The East Asian summer monsoon controls the climatic regime of an extended region through temperature and precipitation changes. As the East Asian summer monsoon is primarily driven by the northern hemisphere summer insolation, such meteorological variables are expected to significantly change on the orbital timescale, influencing the composition of terrestrial sediments in terms of both mineralogy and geochemistry. Here we present clay mineralogy and major element composition of Core MD12-3432 retrieved from the northern South China Sea, and we investigate their relationship with the East Asian summer monsoon evolution over the last 400 ka...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176186/ethnic-inequalities-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-hospitalization-rates-among-young-and-middle-aged-adults-in-northern-italy-high-risk-for-south-asians
#15
Ugo Fedeli, Laura Cestari, Eliana Ferroni, Francesco Avossa, Mario Saugo, Pietro Amedeo Modesti
The knowledge of ethnic-specific health needs is now essential to design effective health services and population-based prevention strategies. However, data on migrant populations living in Southern Europe are limited. The study is designed to investigate ethnic inequalities in hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the Veneto region (Italy). Hospital admissions for AMI in Veneto for the whole resident population aged 20-59 years during 2008-2013 were studied. Age and gender-specific AMI hospitalization rates for immigrant groups (classified by country of origin according to the United Nations geoscheme) and Italians were calculated...
February 7, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174946/p056-gut-microbiota-characterisation-in-south-asian-ibd-patients-resident-in-the-uk
#16
M N Quraishi, A Rossiter, N Bhala, M Beaumont, S Pathmakanthan, S Ghosh, T H Iqbal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172703/p274-assessing-the-individual-risk-of-acute-severe-colitis-at-diagnosis-in-a-south-asian-population
#17
S Powles, L Chong, L Hicks, L Han, J Omassoli, H Williams, T Orchard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172574/p718-the-epidemiology-of-ibd-differs-in-south-asian-migrants-compared-to-caucasians-results-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
R Misra, O Faiz, J Burisch, P Munkholm, N Arebi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169239/modified-mismatch-polymerase-chain-reaction-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism-detected-mutations-in-codon-12-and-13-of-exon-2-of-k-ras-gene-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-and-its-association-with-liver-metastases-data-from-a-south-asian-country
#19
Fathima Dhilhani Mohamed Faleel, M I M De Zoysa, M D S Lokuhetti, Y I N S Gunawardena, Vishvanath Naduviladath Chandrasekharan, Ranil Samantha Dassanayake
AIM: Mutations in K-ras codon 12 and 13 of exon 2 are known to affect prognosis and impart resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor monoclonal antibody therapy in colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Our aim was to investigate the utility value of modified mismatch polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay to detect mutation in K-ras codons of CRC patients and to relate the mutational status to liver metastasis. METHODOLOGY: Mismatch PCR-RFLP was developed to detect K-ras mutations in DNA isolated from paraffinized tumor tissue of thirty CRC patients...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168318/endophyte-bioprospecting-in-south-asian-medicinal-plants-an-attractive-resource-for-biopharmaceuticals
#20
REVIEW
Rabia Tanvir, Aqeel Javeed, Aamir Ghafoor Bajwa
From the last several years, there has been an increasing interest in plant-associated bacteria commonly referred to as endophytes that reside asymptomatically in the internal plant tissues. This interest peaked since the last two decades due to the recognition that endophytes within medicinal plants have the capability to mimic and produce the bioactive metabolites of the host plant. A number of medicinal plants have been used for centuries by the people of South Asia to cure various diseases and this has led to abundant usage experience...
February 6, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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