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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775469/pioneer-farming-in-southeast-europe-during-the-early-sixth-millennium-bc-climate-related-adaptations-in-the-exploitation-of-plants-and-animals
#1
Maria Ivanova, Bea De Cupere, Jonathan Ethier, Elena Marinova
The Old World farming system arose in the semi-arid Mediterranean environments of southwest Asia. Pioneer farmers settling the interior of the Balkans by the early sixth millennium BC were among the first to introduce southwest Asian-style cultivation and herding into areas with increasingly continental temperate conditions. Previous research has shown that the bioarchaeological assemblages from early farming sites in southeast Europe vary in their proportions of plant and animal taxa, but the relationship between taxonomic variation and climate has remained poorly understood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773666/ancient-genomes-document-multiple-waves-of-migration-in-southeast-asian-prehistory
#2
Mark Lipson, Olivia Cheronet, Swapan Mallick, Nadin Rohland, Marc Oxenham, Michael Pietrusewsky, Thomas Oliver Pryce, Anna Willis, Hirofumi Matsumura, Hallie Buckley, Kate Domett, Nguyen Giang Hai, Trinh Hoang Hiep, Aung Aung Kyaw, Tin Tin Win, Baptiste Pradier, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht, Francesca Candilio, Piya Changmai, Daniel Fernandes, Matthew Ferry, Beatriz Gamarra, Eadaoin Harney, Jatupol Kampuansai, Wibhu Kutanan, Megan Michel, Mario Novak, Jonas Oppenheimer, Kendra Sirak, Kristin Stewardson, Zhao Zhang, Pavel Flegontov, Ron Pinhasi, David Reich
Southeast Asia is home to rich human genetic and linguistic diversity, but the details of past population movements in the region are not well known. Here, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from eighteen Southeast Asian individuals spanning from the Neolithic period through the Iron Age (4100-1700 years ago). Early farmers from Man Bac in Vietnam exhibit a mixture of East Asian (southern Chinese agriculturalist) and deeply diverged eastern Eurasian (hunter-gatherer) ancestry characteristic of Austroasiatic speakers, with similar ancestry as far south as Indonesia providing evidence for an expansive initial spread of Austroasiatic languages...
May 17, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768955/results-of-a-real-world-study-on-vortioxetine-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-south-east-asia-revida
#3
Cheuk Ngen Chin, Azhar Zain, Solaphat Hemrungrojn, Eng Khean Ung, Patanon Kwansanit, Koon Choong Au Yong, Marvin Swee Woon Chong, Chalowat Inpa, Teck Hoe Yen, Boon Beng David Yeoh, Liam Kai Tay, Carmina Bernardo, Lionel Chee-Chong Lim, Chin Hong Yap, Calvin Fones, Ashwini Nayak, Lars Nelleman
OBJECTIVE: The REVIDA study aimed to assess the evolution of major depression symptoms in South East Asian (SEA) patients treated with vortioxetine for major depression in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: This non-interventional study was conducted from Aug 2016 to Apr 2017. A total of 138 patients (aged 18-65 years) with an active episode of major depression were recruited from Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Vortioxetine was initiated on the first visit and patients were followed for 3 months...
May 17, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767756/influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-us-children-from-2004-2005-to-2015-2016
#4
Changwei Tian, Hua Wang, Wenming Wang, Xiaoming Luo
Background: Quantify the influenza vaccine coverage is essential to identify emerging concerns and to immunization programs for targeting interventions. Methods: Data from National Health Interview Survey were used to estimate receipt of at least one dose of influenza vaccination among children 6 months to 17 years of age. Results: Influenza vaccination coverage increased from 16.70% during 2004/2005 to 49.43% during 2015/2016 (3.18% per year, P < 0...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767739/efficacy-immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-9-valent-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-subgroup-analysis-of-participants-from-asian-countries
#5
S M Garland, P Pitisuttithum, H Y S Ngan, C-H Cho, C-Y Lee, C-A Chen, Y C Yang, T-Y Chu, N-F Twu, R Samakoses, Y Takeuchi, T H Cheung, S C Kim, L-M Huang, B-G Kim, Y-T Kim, K-H Kim, Y-S Song, S Lalwani, J-H Kang, M Sakamoto, H-S Ryu, N Bhatla, H Yoshikawa, M C Ellison, S R Han, E Moeller, S Murata, M Ritter, M Sawata, C Shields, A Walia, G Perez, A Luxembourg
Background: A 9-valent human papillomavirus-6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58 (9vHPV) vaccine extends coverage to 5 next most common oncogenic types (31/33/45/52/58) in cervical cancer versus quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccine. We describe efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety in Asian participants (India, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand) from 2 international studies: a randomized, double-blinded, qHPV vaccine-controlled efficacy study (young women aged 16-26 years; NCT00543543; Study 001); and an immunogenicity study (girls and boys aged 9-15 years; NCT00943722; Study 002)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765678/a-new-large-squalodelphinid-cetacea-odontoceti-from-peru-sheds-light-on-the-early-miocene-platanistoid-disparity-and-ecology
#6
Giovanni Bianucci, Giulia Bosio, Elisa Malinverno, Christian de Muizon, Igor M Villa, Mario Urbina, Olivier Lambert
The South Asian river dolphin ( Platanista gangetica ) is the only extant survivor of the large clade Platanistoidea, having a well-diversified fossil record from the Late Oligocene to the Middle Miocene. Based on a partial skeleton collected from the Chilcatay Formation (Chilcatay Fm; southern coast of Peru), we report here a new squalodelphinid genus and species, Macrosqualodelphis ukupachai . A volcanic ash layer, sampled near the fossil, yielded the 40 Ar/39 Ar age of 18.78 ± 0.08 Ma (Burdigalian, Early Miocene)...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764436/prevalence-and-incidence-of-complications-at-diagnosis-of-t2dm-and-during-follow-up-by-bmi-and-ethnicity-a-matched-case-control-analysis
#7
Ebenezer S Owusu Adjah, Srikanth Bellary, Wasim Hanif, Kiran Patel, Kamlesh Khunti, Sanjoy K Paul
AIMS: To estimate the risk of developing long-term major cardiovascular and renal complications in relation to levels of body mass index (BMI) in a population of White European (WE), African-Caribbean (AC), and South Asian (SA) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with new diagnosis of T2DM, aged ≥ 18 years from January 2000 (n = 69,436) and their age-sex-ethnicity matched non-diabetic controls (n = 272,190) were identified from UK primary care database...
May 15, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761577/polypharmacy-and-psychotropic-drug-loading-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-asian-countries-the-reap-ap4-study
#8
Shu-Yu Yang, Lian-Yu Chen, Eunice Najoan, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil, Kittisak Viboonma, Ruzita Jamaluddin, Afzal Javed, Duong Thi Quynh Hoa, Hitoshi Iida, Kang Sim, Thiha Swe, Yan-Ling He, Yongchon Park, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Angelo De Alwis, Helen Fung-Kum Chiu, Norman Sartorius, Chay-Hoon Tan, Mian-Yoon Chong, Naotaka Shinfuku, Shih-Ku Lin
AIM: The aim of the present study was to survey the prevalence of antipsychotic polypharmacy and combined medication use across 15 Asian countries and areas in 2016. METHODS: By using the results from the fourth survey of Research on Asian Prescription Patterns on antipsychotics (REAP-AP4), the rates of polypharmacy and combined medication use in each country were analyzed. Daily medications prescribed for the treatment of inpatients or outpatients with schizophrenia, including antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, anxiolytics, hypnotics, and antiparkinson agents, were collected...
May 14, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753711/chloroplast-phylogeny-of-aa-genome-rice-species
#9
Ali Mohammad Moner, Agnelo Furtado, Robert J Henry
Whole chloroplast genome sequence analysis of 58 wild and domesticated rice samples was used to investigate their phylogeny providing more detail on the biogeography of the major groups of wild A genome rices globally. An optimized chloroplast assembly method was developed and applied to extracting high quality whole chloroplast genome sequences from shot gun whole DNA sequencing data. Forty complete high quality chloroplast genome sequences were assembled (including; temperate japonica, tropical japonica and aus)...
May 10, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753590/adherence-to-biologic-therapy-does-it-vary-with-ethnicity
#10
Muhammad K Nisar, Waqas Mirza, Aneesa Rafiq, Michael Eisenhut
BackgroundPoor adherence to therapy remains a significant barrier to improving clinical outcomes in rheumatic diseases and carries a major financial burden. It has been linked to medication related patient beliefs, which were reported to differ between ethnic groups. Little is known about these variations in biologic therapies cohorts. The purpose of this study was to identify potential determinants of adherence to biologic drugs including an assessment of the influence of beliefs about medicines and compare determinants of adherence between patients of Caucasian versus other ethnicities (OE)...
May 9, 2018: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753147/occupational-exposure-and-consequent-health-impairments-due-to-potential-incidental-nanoparticles-in-leather-tanneries-an-evidential-appraisal-of-south-asian-developing-countries
#11
REVIEW
Fiza Sarwar, Riffat Naseem Malik, Chung Wai Chow, Khan Alam
The incidental nanoparticles' (INPs) emission at work and the consequent health impairments is a burning issue of occupational toxicology. The present study is a thorough review of available literature marking an assortment of indicators on INPs generation at leather tanneries and measurable occupational ailments. The literature reported evidences unleash a similarity between the mechanisms of leather tannery induced health damages and toxico-kinetics of incidental nanoparticles in human body. The data on physico-chemical characterization of leather tannery surface dust presents presence of stressors like heavy metals, microbes, animal fur and fibers along with organic and inorganic chemicals...
May 9, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748727/impact-of-pre-transplant-time-on-dialysis-on-survival-in-patients-with-lupus-nephritis
#12
Eleana Ntatsaki, Alba Velo-Garcia, Vassilios S Vassiliou, Alan D Salama, David A Isenberg
Lupus nephritis (LN) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) often leading to end-stage renal failure (ESRF) and necessitating renal transplantation (rTp). Optimal timing of rTp in SLE patients with ESRF is uncertain and could potentially affect survival. We investigated the time spent on dialysis before rTp and survival following rTp in a cohort of SLE patients. Retrospective analysis of all adult SLE patients receiving rTp over a 40-year period (1975-2015) in two tertiary UK centres...
May 11, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746539/a-new-american-subgroup-of-african-lineage-chikungunya-virus-detected-in-and-isolated-from-mosquitoes-collected-in-haiti-2016
#13
Sarah Keller White, Carla Mavian, Marco Salemi, John Glenn Morris, Maha A Elbadry, Bernard A Okech, John A Lednicky, James C Dunford
As part of on-going arboviral surveillance activity in a semi-rural region in Haiti, Chikungunya virus (CHIKV)-positive mosquito pools were identified in 2014 (the peak of the Caribbean Asian-clade epidemic), and again in 2016 by RT-PCR. In 2014, CHIKV was only identified in Aedes aegypti (11 positive pools/124 screened). In contrast, in sampling in 2016, CHIKV was not identified in Ae. aegypti, but, rather, in (a) a female Aedes albopictus pool, and (b) a female Culex quinquefasciatus pool. Genomic sequence analyses indicated that the CHIKV viruses in the 2016 mosquito pools were from the East-Central-South African (ECSA) lineage, rather than the Asian lineage...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746509/the-impact-of-obesity-and-overweight-on-medical-expenditures-and-disease-incidence-in-korea-from-2002-to-2013
#14
Hyun Jin Song, Jinseub Hwang, Seonmi Pi, Sena Ahn, Yoonseok Heo, Susan Park, Jin-Won Kwon
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have assessed the long-term medical costs and incidence of obesity and overweight in Asia. We evaluated the impact of body mass index (BMI) on medical expenditures and disease incidence and prevalence over more than 10 years in South Korea. METHODS: Using 2002-2013 data from the Korean National Claims Database, we analysed two population sets (initial BMI in 2002-2003; consistent BMI in 2002-2003 and 2012-2013). Obesity was defined by Asian BMI criteria...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743936/clarifying-the-origin-of-houzao
#15
Zhongzhen Zhao, Eric Brand, Hiu Yee Kwan, Quanbin Han, Mengjia Zhou
Background: Houzao (bezoar) is a valuable imported Chinese medicine that is commonly used as a pediatric medicine to transform phlegm. There are mainly two types of Houzao, "Southeast Asian Houzao" and "Indian Houzao". "Indian Houzao" is the dominant commercial product accounts for over 95% of the actual utilization in the market. However, its origin, formation, composition, efficacy and pharmacology remain unclear. Therefore, we have conducted on-site investigation to clarify the origin of Indian Houzao...
2018: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740923/long-term-renal-outcomes-in-multi-ethnic-southeast-asians-with-lupus-nephritis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Cynthia C Lim, Hui Zhuan Tan, Ying Hao, Yok Mooi Chin, Keng Thye Woo, Choong Meng Chan, Jason Cj Choo
BACKGROUND: Renal involvement is common among Asians with systemic lupus erythematosus and long-term renal outcomes have been described in homogeneous Caucasian and East Asian populations with lupus nephritis but data is scarce for other ethnicities. We aimed to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) in multi-ethnic South-east Asians with lupus nephritis. METHODS: Single-center retrospective cohort study of adults with biopsy-proven lupus nephritis diagnosed between May 2001 and May 2009...
May 9, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738071/prevalence-of-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Fernanda Weber Mello, Andressa Fernanda Paza Miguel, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, André Luís Porporatti, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra, Elena Riet Correa Rivero
Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) are chronic conditions, which have a higher risk of transformation to oral squamous cell carcinoma. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to answer the question: "What is the prevalence of oral potentially malignant disorders among adults?". Studies reporting the prevalence of these conditions (leukoplakia, erythroplakia, oral submucous fibrosis, and actinic cheilitis) were selected, only studies in which a clinical assessment and histopathological confirmation were performed were included...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734617/blood-mercury-lead-and-cadmium-levels-and-determinants-of-exposure-among-newcomer-south-and-east-asian-women-of-reproductive-age-living-in-vancouver-canada
#18
Linda Dix-Cooper, Tom Kosatsky
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers of the reproductive and neuro-developmental toxicants mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) have been found at higher concentrations in women born outside Canada than in Canadian-born women. We measured blood Hg, Pb and Cd in women ages 19 to 45years living in greater Vancouver (Canada) within five years of their arrival from South Asia (India) or East Asia (mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan) and related their biomarker concentration levels with exposures and behaviors since their coming to Canada...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730606/increased-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-international-migrants-is-independent-of-residence-duration-or-cultural-orientation-the-helius-study
#19
Wilco Perini, Marieke B Snijder, Ron J G Peters, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: International migrants differ from host populations in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. It has been postulated that these disparities narrow with longer residence duration. Our aim was to determine whether CVD risk still differs between migrants and host population after decades of residence and to determine whether this potential convergence of CVD risk would occur mainly among migrants with a strong cultural orientation towards the host culture. METHODS: In the Healthy Life in an Urban Setting study, we obtained data regarding residence duration, cultural orientation as estimated by the Psychological Acculturation Scale and CVD risk as estimated by SCORE among the Dutch host population and first generation migrants from South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Moroccan and Turkish ethnic background residing in Amsterdam...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729000/the-effect-of-sadness-on-global-local-processing
#20
Adrian von Mühlenen, Lauren Bellaera, Amrendra Singh, Narayanan Srinivasan
Gable and Harmon-Jones (Psychological Science, 21(2), 211-215, 2010) reported that sadness broadens attention in a global-local letter task. This finding provided the key test for their motivational intensity account, which states that the level of spatial processing is not determined by emotional valence, but by motivational intensity. However, their finding is at odds with several other studies, showing no effect, or even a narrowing effect of sadness on attention. This paper reports two attempts to replicate the broadening effect of sadness on attention...
May 4, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
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