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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108924/the-nexus-of-oil-consumption-co2-emissions-and-economic-growth-in-china-japan-and-south-korea
#1
Behnaz Saboori, Ehsan Rasoulinezhad, Jinsok Sung
This article attempts to explore the nexus between oil consumption, economic growth and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in three East Asian oil importing countries (i.e. China, South Korea and Japan) over the period 1980-2013, by using the Granger causality, Johansen cointegration test, Generalised Impulse Response functions (GIRF) and variance decompositions. The empirical findings provide evidence for the existence of a long-run relationship between oil consumption and economic growth in China and Japan. The results also point to a uni-directional causality from running from oil consumption to economic growth in China and Japan, and from oil consumption to CO2 emissions in South Korea...
January 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106903/continuous-treatment-with-lenalidomide-and-low-dose-dexamethasone-in-transplant-ineligible-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma-in-asia-subanalysis-of-the-first-trial
#2
Jin Lu, Jae H Lee, Shang-Yi Huang, Lugui Qiu, Je-Jung Lee, Ting Liu, Sung-Soo Yoon, Kihyun Kim, Zhi X Shen, Hyeon S Eom, Wen M Chen, Chang K Min, Hyo J Kim, Jeong O Lee, Jae Y Kwak, Wai Yiu, Guang Chen, Annette Ervin-Haynes, Cyrille Hulin, Thierry Facon
The phase 3 FIRST (Frontline Investigation of REVLIMID + Dexamethasone Versus Standard Thalidomide) trial demonstrated that lenalidomide plus low-dose dexamethasone (Rd) until disease progression (Rd continuous) is an effective treatment option for transplant-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). Given genetic differences between Asian and Western populations, this subanalysis of the FIRST trial examined the safety and efficacy of Rd (given continuously or for 18 cycles [Rd18]) and MPT (melphalan, prednisone, thalidomide) in 114 Asian patients from Mainland China, South Korea and Taiwan...
January 20, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105797/a-new-species-of-genus-fejervarya-anura-dicroglossidae-from-northern-thailand
#3
Chatmongkon Suwannapoom, Zhi-Yong Yuan, Nikolay A Poyarkov, Fang Yan, Somboon Kamtaeja, Robert W Murphy, Jing Che
We describe a new species of frog in the dicroglossid genus Fejervarya from Ban Monjong, Omkoi District, Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand. Analysis of DNA sequence data from the mitochondrial gene 16S, advertisement calls, and morphological distinctiveness support recognition of the new species. Matrilineal genealogy suggests that the new population from Chiang Mai is a sister taxon to the South Asian clade that includes F. syhadrensis, F. granosa, and F. pierrei. The new species, Fejervarya chiangmaiensissp...
November 18, 2016: Zool Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102907/global-lessons-from-successful-rhinoceros-conservation-in-nepal
#4
Achyut Aryal, Krishna Prasad Acharya, Uttam Babu Shrestha, Maheshwar Dhakal, David Raubenhiemer, Wendy Wright
Global populations of rhinoceros have declined alarmingly, from about 500,000 at the beginning of the 20(th) century to 29,000 in 2016, largely due to an escalation of poaching for rhinoceros horn (Traffic 2016; Biggs et al. 2013). The current global rhino population is comprised of three Asian Species and two African species, the latter located in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia and Zimbabwe,. In Africa, the Southern white rhinoceros population is estimated at 20,700; and there are estimated to be around 4,885 black rhinoceros...
January 19, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099445/prevalence-of-diabetes-among-migrant-women-and-duration-of-residence-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Syed M Shah, Raghib Ali, Tom Loney, Faisal Aziz, Iffat ElBarazi, Salma Al Dhaheri, M Hamed Farooqi, Iain Blair
BACKGROUND: The prevalence rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the highest in United Arab Emirates (UAE), however data for the expatriate population is limited. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of T2DM amongst migrant women and test the hypothesis that acculturation (measured by years of residency) is associated with an increased risk of T2DM. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study and we recruited a representative sample (n = 599, 75% participation rate) of migrant women aged 18 years and over in Al Ain, UAE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098149/characterising-private-and-shared-signatures-of-positive-selection-in-37-asian-populations
#6
Xuanyao Liu, Dongsheng Lu, Woei-Yuh Saw, Philip J Shaw, Pongsakorn Wangkumhang, Chumpol Ngamphiw, Suthat Fucharoen, Worachart Lert-Itthiporn, Kwanrutai Chin-Inmanu, Tran Nguyen Bich Chau, Katie Anders, Anuradhani Kasturiratne, H Janaka de Silva, Tomohiro Katsuya, Ryosuke Kimura, Toru Nabika, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Yasuharu Tabara, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Ken Yamamoto, Mitsuhiro Yokota, Dolikun Mamatyusupu, Wenjun Yang, Yeun-Jun Chung, Li Jin, Boon-Peng Hoh, Ananda R Wickremasinghe, RickTwee-Hee Ong, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Sarah J Dunstan, Cameron Simmons, Sissades Tongsima, Prapat Suriyaphol, Norihiro Kato, Shuhua Xu, Yik-Ying Teo
The Asian Diversity Project (ADP) assembled 37 cosmopolitan and ethnic minority populations in Asia that have been densely genotyped across over half a million markers to study patterns of genetic diversity and positive natural selection. We performed population structure analyses of the ADP populations and divided these populations into four major groups based on their genographic information. By applying a highly sensitive algorithm haploPS to locate genomic signatures of positive selection, 140 distinct genomic regions exhibiting evidence of positive selection in at least one population were identified...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093923/cultural-differences-in-young-adults-perceptions-of-the-probability-of-future-family-life-events
#7
Calandra Speirs, Vivian Huang, Candace Konnert
Most young adults are exposed to family caregiving; however, little is known about their perceptions of their future caregiving activities such as the probability of becoming a caregiver for their parents or providing assistance in relocating to a nursing home. This study examined the perceived probability of these events among 182 young adults and the following predictors of their probability ratings: gender, ethnicity, work or volunteer experience, experiences with caregiving and nursing homes, expectations about these transitions, and filial piety...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088202/association-between-depression-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-adults-in-south-asia
#8
Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O'Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Yaya Sanni, Tang Shangfeng, Feng Zhanchun
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a growing research interest regarding the impact of dietary behaviour on mental health outcomes. The present study aimed to investigate the association between fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and depression in three south Asian countries- Bangladesh, India and Nepal. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were obtained from World Health Survey of WHO conducted during 2002-04. In total 14,133 adult subjects (Bangladesh 3262, India 7594, Nepal 3277) aged 18 years and above were included in the study...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088088/prevalence-of-new-psychoactive-substances-in-northeast-asia-from-2007-to-2015
#9
Junhui Lee, Songhee Yang, Yujin Kang, Eunyoung Han, Ling-Yi Feng, Jih-Heng Li, Heesun Chung
The proliferation of new psychoactive substances (NPS) has been a global trend in drug abuse and its regulation has been a worldwide concern. There is no doubt that it is necessary to share information related to these emerging substances between countries and continents for the effective regulation of NPS. With efforts for the efficient regulation of NPS, many studies and information have been published for the prevalence of NPS in the United States and other countries in Europe and Oceania. However, there is lack of information available for the prevalence of NPS in Asian and African countries...
October 20, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086974/ovarian-cancer-density-equalizing-mapping-of-the-global-research-architecture
#10
Dörthe Brüggmann, Katharina Pulch, Doris Klingelhöfer, Celeste Leigh Pearce, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Despite its impact on female health worldwide, no efforts have been made to depict the global architecture of ovarian cancer research and to understand the trends in the related literature. Hence, it was the objective of this study to assess the global scientific performance chronologically, geographically and in regards to economic benchmarks using bibliometric tools and density equalizing map projections. METHODS: The NewQIS platform was employed to identify all ovarian cancer related articles published in the Web of Science since 1900...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081511/spatiotemporal-distributions-of-butyltin-compounds-in-various-intertidal-organisms-along-the-samcheok-and-tongyeong-coasts-of-korea
#11
Taewoo Kim, Seungyeon Jeon, Seongjin Hong, Sung Joon Song, Bong-Oh Kwon, Jongseong Ryu, Jong Seong Khim
Thirteen years ago, the Korean Government introduced a regulation prohibiting the use of tributyltin (TBT), which was a component of antifouling paints. A subsequent decline in the concentration of butyltins (BTs) was recorded in seawater and the sediment, however, the current concentration of BTs in biota has not been well documented. The spatiotemporal distribution and concentration of BTs was recorded in biota from 2013 to 2015 along the coasts of Samcheok and Tongyeong using GS/MSD analysis. Crustaceans contained the greatest concentrations of BTs, followed by gastropods, fishes, and bivalves...
January 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070240/newer-perspectives-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-young
#12
REVIEW
Amitesh Aggarwal, Saurabh Srivastava, M Velmurugan
Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurring in less than 45 years of age is termed as young CAD. Recent studies show a prevalence of 1.2% of CAD cases in this age group. Ethnic wise south Asians especially Indians are more vulnerable to have CAD in young age group with a prevalence of 5% to 10%. Conventional risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, hypertension, obesity and family history seems to be as important as in older CAD subjects. But the prevalence of these risk factors seems to vary in younger subjects...
December 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069777/an-african-origin-of-the-eurylaimides-passeriformes-and-the-successful-diversification-of-the-ground-foraging-pittas-pittidae
#13
Alexandre Pedro Selvatti, Ana Galvão, Anieli Guirro Pereira, Luiz Pedreira Gonzaga, Claudia Augusta de Moraes Russo
The Eurylaimides is one of the few passerine groups with a pantropical distribution. In this study, we generated a multi-calibrated tree with 83% of eurylaimid species diversity based on 30 molecular loci. Particular attention was given to the monotypic Sapayoidae to reconstruct the biogeography of this radiation. We conducted several topological tests including nonoverlapping subsampling of the concatenated alignment and coalescent species tree reconstruction. These tests firmly placed the South American Sapayoidae as the sister group to all other Eurylaimides families (split at ∼28 Ma), with increasing branch support as highly variable sites were removed...
November 14, 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068388/the-association-between-foveal-morphology-and-macular-pigment-spatial-distribution-an-ethnicity-study
#14
Irene Ctori, Byki Huntjens
PURPOSE: Macular pigment (MP) spatial distribution varies considerably among individuals. We investigated ethnic variations in MP spatial distribution in relation to foveal architecture. METHODS: We measured MP optical density (MPOD) using heterochromatic flicker photometry (MAP test, City, University of London) in 76 white, 80 South Asian and 70 black volunteers (18 to 39 years). MPOD spatial profiles were classified objectively as exponential, ring-like or central dip, based on deviations away from an exponential fit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065662/hot-heads-cool-bodies-the-conundrums-of-human-bat-activity-research
#15
REVIEW
Lonneke Bahler, Frits Holleman, Jan Booij, Joost B Hoekstra, Hein J Verberne
Brown adipose tissue is able to increase energy expenditure by converting glucose and fatty acids into heat. Therefore, BAT is able to increase energy expenditure and could thereby facilitate weight loss or at least weight maintenance. Since cold is a strong activator of BAT, most prospective research is performed during cold to activate BAT. In current research, there are roughly two methods of cooling. Cooling by lowering ambient air temperature, which uses a fixed temperature for all subjects and personalized cooling, which uses cooling blankets or vests with temperatures that can be adjusted to the individual set point of shivering...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063466/sexuality-related-attitudes-significantly-modulate-demographic-variation-in-sexual-health-literacy-in-tasmanian-university-students
#16
Steve Simpson, Christine Clifford, Michael G Quinn, Kaz Ross, Neil Sefton, Louise Owen, Leigh Blizzard, Richard Turner
Background: It has previously been shown that there is a significant demographic variation in sexual health literacy (SHL) in university-level students in Tasmania, Australia. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of statistical adjustment for sexuality-related attitudes on this demographic variation in SHL. Methods: Iterated principal-factor analysis was used to evaluate latent variable grouping of responses to 21 attitudinal questions regarding sexuality and sexual behaviour. Linear regression was used to evaluate the distribution and determinants of attitudinal patterns and thence the relationship of these patterns to SHL...
January 9, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063412/spectral-characterisation-antiviral-activities-in-silico-admet-and-molecular-docking-of-the-compounds-isolated-from-tectona-grandis-to-chikungunya-virus
#17
Sangeetha K, Indu Purushothaman, Rajarajan S
Chikungunya infection is treated symptomatically with antipyretics and anti-inflammatory drugs without any specific antiviral drug till date. The lack of an approved antiviral drug and the emergence of virulent strains after 2006 epidemics emphasize the need for the development of potential antiviral drugs to Chikungunya virus. Hence, we studied the antiviral activity of the extracts and compounds isolated from Tectona grandis leaves to both the Asian and East central South African strains of Chikungunya virus...
January 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061906/bilateral-rectus-sheath-haematoma-complicating-dengue-virus-infection-in-a-patient-on-warfarin-for-mechanical-aortic-valve-replacement-a-case-report
#18
Chamith Thushanga Rosa, Mitrakrishnan Rayno Navinan, Sincy Samarawickrama, Himam Hamza, Maheshika Gunarathne, Arulprashanth Arulanantham, Neeha Subba, Udari Samarasiri, Thushara Mathias, Aruna Kulatunga
BACKGROUND: The management of Dengue virus infection can be challenging. Varied presentations and numerous complications intrinsic to dengue by itself increase the complexity of treatment and potential mortality. When burdened with the presence of additional comorbidities and the need to continue compulsory medications, clear stepwise definitive guidance is lacking and patients tend to have more complex complications and outcomes calling to question the clinical decisions that may have been taken...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061832/high-rates-of-multidrug-resistant-and-rifampicin-resistant-tuberculosis-among-re-treatment-cases-where-do-they-come-from
#19
Romain Ragonnet, James M Trauer, Justin T Denholm, Ben J Marais, Emma S McBryde
BACKGROUND: Globally 3.9% of new and 21% of re-treatment tuberculosis (TB) cases are multidrug-resistant or rifampicin-resistant (MDR/RR), which is often interpreted as evidence that drug resistance results mainly from poor treatment adherence. This study aims to assess the respective contributions of the different causal pathways leading to MDR/RR-TB at re-treatment. METHODS: We use a simple mathematical model to simulate progression between the different stages of disease and treatment for patients diagnosed with TB...
January 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061789/comparison-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-dietary-intakes-among-javanese-surinamese-and-south-asian-surinamese-in-the-netherlands-the-helius-study
#20
Qaisar Raza, Marieke B Snijder, Jacob C Seidell, Ron J G Peters, Mary Nicolaou
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences regarding the percent of non-communicable diseases have been shown in Asia but the studies on Asian subgroups living in the western countries regarding percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes have been scarce. Therefore we compared the percent of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes between Javanese Surinamese who are originally from Indonesia and South-Asian Surinamese who are originally from India. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data of the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study were used, including data of 2935 Surinamese participants (197 of Javanese and 2738 of South-Asian origin) out of which 1160 participants (78 Javanese and 1082 South-Asian) additionally reported dietary intake data...
January 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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