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Pseudocyst of pancreas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742687/a-case-report-of-autoimmune-pancreatitis-associated-with-a-pancreatic-pseudocyst
#1
Kai Zhang, Xianying Liu, Lei Yi, Jiannan Li, Jian Shi, Tongjun Liu
RATIONALE: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a special type of chronic pancreatitis, which is rarely associated with pseudocyst. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 48-year-old man complained of a recurrent upper abdominal pain in our hospital. DIAGNOSES: A cystic mass of size 4 × 3 cm in his pancreatic tail was found by computed tomography. The concentrations of serum carbohydrate antigen19-9 (81 U/mL) and serum immunoglobulin G4 (181 mg/dL) were elevated...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736167/mechanisms-and-management-of-acute-pancreatitis
#2
REVIEW
Ari Garber, Catherine Frakes, Zubin Arora, Prabhleen Chahal
Acute pancreatitis represents a disorder characterized by acute necroinflammatory changes of the pancreas and is histologically characterized by acinar cell destruction. Diagnosed clinically with the Revised Atlanta Criteria, and with alcohol and cholelithiasis/choledocholithiasis as the two most prominent antecedents, acute pancreatitis ranks first amongst gastrointestinal diagnoses requiring admission and 21st amongst all diagnoses requiring hospitalization with estimated costs approximating 2.6 billion dollars annually...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692941/pancreatic-hydatid-cyst-causing-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Bayan Alsaid, Maryam Alhimyar, Fadi Rayya
Hydatidosis is a public health problem in endemic countries. Hydatid cysts are located usually in the liver and the lungs. Primary pancreatic hydatid cyst is in unusual location and rarely causes acute pancreatitis. In this paper, we report a case of a 34-year-old man who admitted with recurrent acute pancreatitis. Following the preoperation investigations, the primary impression was a pancreatic pseudocyst. During surgery, a primary hydatid cyst was detected in the pancreas measuring 35 × 20 × 15 cm. The treatment consisted of evacuation and external draining of the cyst...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682389/blunt-pancreatic-injury-in-major-trauma-decision-making-between-nonoperative-and-operative-treatment
#4
Christopher Ull, Sebastian Bensch, Thomas Armin Schildhauer, Justyna Swol
Blunt trauma injuries to the pancreas are rare but are associated with significant overall mortality and a high complication rate. Motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of blunt pancreatic trauma, followed by falls, and sports injuries. We discuss the decision-making process used during the clinical courses of 3 patients with life-threatening blunt pancreatic injuries caused by traumatic falls. We also discuss the utility of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Organ Injury Scale (AAST-OIS), which provides a system for grading pancreatic trauma...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671537/chronic-pancreatitis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#5
Kathleen Barry
Chronic pancreatitis is an irreversible and progressive disorder of the pancreas characterized by inflammation, fibrosis, and scarring. Exocrine and endocrine functions are lost, often leading to chronic pain. The etiology is multifactorial, although alcoholism is the most significant risk factor in adults. The average age at diagnosis is 35 to 55 years. If chronic pancreatitis is suspected, contrast-enhanced computed tomography is the best imaging modality for diagnosis. Computed tomography may be inconclusive in early stages of the disease, so other modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, or endoscopic ultrasonography with or without biopsy may be used...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629700/isolated-mediastinal-pseudocyst-of-the-pancreas
#6
Pankaj Halder, Kartik Chandra Mandal, Bidyut Debnath, Sumedha Mukherjee
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal pancreatic pseudocyst is a rare complication of pancreatitis. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: An 8-year-old boy with chest pain and shortness of breath. Computed tomography of chest showed a cystic mass in the mediastinum. The cyst aspirate revealed high amylase and lipase levels, suggestive of pancreatic pseudocyst. OUTCOME: The patient gradually recovered after Roux-en-Y cystojejunostomy. MESSAGE: Cysto-jejunostomy is a viable treatment option for mediastinal pancreatic pseudocyst, especially with failure of medical therapy...
March 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594465/interpreting-body-mri-cases-classic-findings-in-abdominal-mri
#7
REVIEW
Leann Kania, Flavius Guglielmo, Donald Mitchell
Few things in radiology are "pathognomonic" in their appearance or presentation. However, having an awareness of those findings which are specific to a certain entity is important when interpreting imaging studies. These classic findings can be identified with many imaging modalities, but no modality provides as many recognizable observations as an MRI. This results from the large variety of pulse sequences that provide high contrast resolution, prior to and following contrast administration. In this article, the most classically recognized abdominal findings are presented including the following: Liver: Cyst, hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatic adenoma, hemosiderosis, hepatocellular carcinoma...
March 28, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568658/surgical-management-of-a-giant-adrenal-pseudocyst-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature-in-the-last-decade
#8
Daniel Paramythiotis, Petros Bangeas, Anestis Karakatsanis, Patroklos Goulas, Irini Nikolaou, Vasileios Rafailidis, Konstantinos Kouskouras, Vasileios Papadopoulos, Sofia Lypiridou, Georgia Karayannopoulou, Antonios Michalopoulos
Adrenal pseudocysts are rare entities and occurred in the 5th and the 6th decades of life. They are discovered accidentally, while appearing with nonspecific clinical and imaging findings. We report a case of a 28-year-old woman presented in our Emergency Department complaining about upper abdomen pain. Computed tomography revealed a hypodense cystic lesion containing hyperdense material. The size of a mass was 11. 7 × 9.3 × 6.6 cm in diameter close to the pancreas, but the origin was from the left adrenal gland...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476610/inspissated-cyst-fluid-in-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-of-pancreatic-cysts
#9
Ivan Chebib, Emily Albanese, Aristana Scourtas, Martha B Pitman
BACKGROUND: Inspissated cyst fluid may be identified on pancreatic cyst aspiration cytology. We report on the cytomorphologic characteristics of inspissated cyst fluid on EUS-FNA of pancreatic cysts and correlate this finding with histopathology or multimodal (cytology, cyst fluid analysis, molecular pathology, imaging) classification of cyst type. METHODS: The department archives were searched for pancreatic cyst fine-needle aspiration biopsies that contained dessicated, crystalline or inspissated material on cytologic preparations...
May 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394762/-a-case-of-anaplastic-carcinoma-spindle-cell-type-of-the-pancreas
#10
Shuto Fujita, Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Daisuke Satoh, Hitoshi Idani, Yasutomo Ojima, Masao Harano, Kanyu Nakano, Daisuke Sumitani, Yasuhiro Choda, Michihiro Ishida, Soichiro Miyake, Tetsushi Kubota, Masazumi Okajima
Anaplastic carcinoma spindle cell type is an extremely rare disease and its prognosis is very poor. We herein report a case of anaplastic carcinoma spindle cell type of the pancreas. A 50-year-old man complaining of epigastralgia was found to have a pancreatic body-tail tumor by abdominal US and CT studies. Abdominal CT showed an irregular poorly-enhanced 33mm tumor containing a cystic component. ERCP revealed the main pancreatic duct was cut off at the tumor. Cytology of the pancreatic fluids did not indicate malignancy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390299/black-pleural-effusion-due-to-pancreatic-pseudocyst-a-case-report
#11
Feng Guo, Junli Wu, Yunpeng Peng, Min Tu, Bin Xiao, Cuncai Dai, Kuirong Jiang, Wentao Gao, Qiang Li, Jishu Wei, Jianmin Chen, Chunhua Xi, Zipeng Lu, Yi Miao
RATIONALE: Black pleural effusion (BPE) is an extremely uncommon type of pleural fluid, which can be due to infection, primary or metastatic malignancy, and hemorrhage. As reported in previous studies, BPE is also observed in some patients with pancreatic pseudocyst. PATIENT CONCERNS: We herein reported a case of a 14-year-old female patient who was admitted to our center with a history of cough for 1 and a half months and right chest pain for 1 month. Before this, she was consecutively hospitalized in 3 different hospitals due to the same symptoms...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331883/curative-distal-pancreatectomy-in-patients-with-acinar-cell-carcinoma-of-pancreas-diagnosed-by-endoscopic-aspiration-via-esophago-jejunostomy-a-successful-case-report
#12
Takeomi Hamada, Atsushi Nanashima, Masahide Hiyoshi, Makoto Ikenoue, Naoya Imamura, Koichi Yano, Yoshiro Fujii, Yoshimasa Kubota, Tesshin Ban, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yuichiro Sato
INTRODUCTION: This is a case report on the advances in preoperative endoscopic-guided fine-needle-aspiration (FNA) diagnosis for pancreatic carcinoma to achieve a curative operation even in patients who have a history of total gastrectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old man, who underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer 13 years ago, had discomfort in the left lateral abdomen. A 3-cm hypovascular mass accompanying a large distal pseudocyst in the pancreatic tail was observed on computed tomography...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317372/pancreas-ductal-adenocarcinoma-with-cystic-features-on-cross-sectional-imaging-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#13
Seo Yeon Youn, Sung Eun Rha, Eun Sun Jung, In Seok Lee
Most pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAs) show solid growth pattern, but ductal adenocarcinomas may demonstrate intratumoral cystic appearance or accompany peritumoral non-neoplastic cystic lesions, thus mimicking cystic pancreatic tumors on imaging studies. The histopathologic findings for PDA with cystic feature are divided into neoplastic and non-neoplastic cysts. Neoplastic cystic changes include large-duct type cysts (microcystic appearance), neoplastic mucin cysts (macrocystic appearance), colloid carcinomas (mucinous noncystic adenocarcinomas), and degenerative cystic change usually caused by hemorrhagic necrosis of tumor...
January 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307200/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-cystic-lesions-of-the-pancreas
#14
Peter J Allen
Cystic lesions of the pancreas are radiographic findings that have a very broad histologic differential. This differential spans the spectrum from benign to cancerous, and includes non-neoplastic pseudocysts, benign neoplastic cysts, pre-malignant cysts, and cystic lesions with invasive carcinoma. This chapter will highlight the challenges with diagnosis and management of patients who present with cystic neoplasms of the pancreas.
December 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302507/blunt-trauma-pancreas-in-children-is-non-operative-management-appropriate-for-all-grades
#15
Ravi Kumar Garg, Jai Kumar Mahajan
Purpose: Blunt trauma of pancreas in children is uncommon and its management varies from observational to early operative intervention. We analysed the feasibility and outcome of non-operative management in all grades of paediatric pancreatic injuries. Methods: A total of 15 patients of pancreatic trauma seen in a Paediatric Surgery Unit were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Age of the patients ranged from 3-11 years (mean, 7.7 years). The mode of injury was local trauma in 9 children...
December 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279599/solid-pseudopapillary-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-with-liver-metastasis-initially-misinterpreted-as-benign-haemorrhagic-cyst
#16
M J Jung, H K Kim, S Y Choi, S G Kim, S Y Jin
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas is considered a low-malignant neoplasm with a good prognosis. However, 5% to 15% of patients with SPNs develop metastatic disease, most commonly in the liver. Metastatic hepatic malignancies that show pseudocystic features are rare. Here we describe the case of a middle-aged female with a cystic liver metastasis from SPN. To the best of our knowledge, SPN with a single cystic liver metastasis has not been described, although these tumours frequently undergo haemorrhagic-cystic degeneration...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245311/role-of-enteral-nutrition-in-pancreaticocolonic-fistulas-secondary-to-severe-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#17
Binxin Cui, Lu Zhou, Samiullah Khan, Jianmin Cui, Wentian Liu
RATIONALE: Pancreaticocolonic fistula (PCF) is an exceedingly rare complication of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and has primarily been treated surgically, but a few reported cases are successfully treated with nonsurgical methods. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 32-year-old male presented to our hospital with chief complaints of sharp and persistent left upper quadrant abdominal pain radiating to the back. DIAGNOSES: Computed tomography showed a pancreatic pseudocyst replacing a majority of the pancreatic parenchyma and PCF that formed between the pancreas and the colon...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166762/a-portable-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-system-for-the-pancreas-with-3d-electronic-steering-a-preclinical-study-in-a-swine-model
#18
Won Chang, Jae Young Lee, Jae Hwan Lee, Jae Seok Bae, Yeon Jin Cho, Kook Jin Kang, Keonho Son, Yul Ri Chung, Kyoung Bun Lee, Joon Koo Han
Purpose: The aim of this animal study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a portable, ultrasonography-guided, high-intensity focused ultrasound (USg-HIFU) system to treat the pancreas. Methods: Eight swine were included. Using a portable HIFU device (ALPIUS 900, Alpinion Medical Systems), ablations were performed on the pancreas in vivo. Different acoustic intensities were applied (1.7 kW/cm2 or 1.5 kW/cm2 , n=2 [group A for a pilot study]; 1.5 kW/ cm2 , n=3 [group B]; and 1...
October 13, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079172/akr1b10-expression-by-immunohistochemistry-in-surgical-resections-and-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-material-in-patients-with-cystic-pancreatic-lesions-potential-for-improved-nonoperative-diagnosis
#19
Joseph P Connor, Karla Esbona, Kristina A Matkowskyj
Cystic pancreatic tumors account for 10% of cystic lesions in the pancreas. Evaluation focuses on identifying lesions that require surgical resection due to actual or potential malignancy. Cystic tumors with malignant potential include mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs), intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), and cystic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). The sensitivity of endoscopic fine needle aspiration (FNA) to diagnose such lesions is low, and a more accurate marker of malignant potential is needed...
December 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060959/intrahepatic-pancreatic-pseudocyst-complicated-by-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#20
Hee Joon Kim, Chung Hwan Jun, Chang Hwan Park, Chol Kyoon Cho
Pancreatic pseudocyst is a common complication of acute pancreatitis. Pseudocysts are commonly observed in the lesser sac and retroperitoneum; they are rarely seen in the liver. Herein, we report a case of intrahepatic pseudocyst, complicated by asymptomatic groove pancreatitis, that has successfully been treated with hepatic resection. A 70-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with severe upper abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography scan showed 11x10 cm sized cystic lesion in the left lateral section of the liver...
October 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
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