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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334666/effects-of-berberine-chloride-on-the-liver-of-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-albino-wistar-rats
#1
Govindasami Chandirasegaran, Chakkaravarthy Elanchezhiyan, Kavisa Ghosh
The goal of the present study is to evaluate the effect of Berberine chloride (BC) on the liver of streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rat. Diabetic rats were treated with BC (50 mg/kg b.w) or glibenclamide (6 mg/kg b.w), daily for 45 days. After BC treatment in diabetic rats, there was a significant (P < 0.05) decline in the levels of hepatic markers, lipid peroxidation markers such as lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and pro-inflammatory mediators like tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa-B-p65 (phospho-NF-κB p65), cyclooxygenase (COX-2), nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) as well as pro-apoptotic mediators such as Bax and cytochrome c...
January 12, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334550/chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-subsequent-hiv-viral-load-among-women-with-hiv-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy
#2
Sarah J Willis, Stephen R Cole, Daniel Westreich, Andrew Edmonds, Christopher B Hurt, Svenja Albrecht, Kathryn Anastos, Michael Augenbraun, Margaret Fischl, Audrey L French, Aley G Kalapila, Roksana Karim, Marion G Peters, Michael Plankey, Eric C Seaberg, Phyllis C Tien, Adaora A Adimora
OBJECTIVE(S): One in four persons living with HIV is coinfected with HCV. Biological and behavioral mechanisms may increase HIV viral load among coinfected persons. Therefore, we estimated the longitudinal effect of chronic HCV on HIV suppression after ART initiation among women with HIV (WWH). DESIGN: HIV RNA was measured every six months among 441 WWH in the Women's Interagency HIV Study who initiated ART from 2000-2015. METHODS: Log-binomial regression models were used to compare the proportion of study visits with detectable HIV RNA between women with and without chronic HCV...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334502/risk-of-hepatitis-b-virus-reactivation-among-patients-treated-with-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#3
Beshoy T Yanny, Nyan L Latt, Sammy Saab, Steven Han, Gina Choi, Jason Kramer, Amandeep K Sahota
BACKGROUND: Direct acting antiviral (DAA) agents are the standard of care for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected individuals. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation during HCV treatment has been reported, the incidence and clinical outcome remains unclear. The aim of our study is to examine the risk of HBV reactivation in actively infected or previously exposed patients during or after HCV treatment with DAAs. METHODS: Adults with chronic HCV infection previously exposed or actively infected with HBV and treated with DAAs between December 2015 to 2016 were included...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334197/increased-non-aids-mortality-among-persons-with-aids-defining-events-after-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation
#4
April C Pettit, Mark J Giganti, Suzanne M Ingle, Margaret T May, Bryan E Shepherd, Michael J Gill, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Sophie Abgrall, Michael S Saag, Julia Del Amo, Amy C Justice, Jose M Miro, Matthias Cavasinni, François Dabis, Antonella D Monforte, Peter Reiss, Jodie Guest, David Moore, Leah Shepherd, Niels Obel, Heidi M Crane, Colette Smith, Ramon Teira, Robert Zangerle, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Timothy R Sterling
INTRODUCTION: HIV-1 infection leads to chronic inflammation and to an increased risk of non-AIDS mortality. Our objective was to determine whether AIDS-defining events (ADEs) were associated with increased overall and cause-specific non-AIDS related mortality after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. METHODS: We included HIV treatment-naïve adults from the Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC) who initiated ART from 1996 to 2014. Causes of death were assigned using the Coding Causes of Death in HIV (CoDe) protocol...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333065/hepatitis-c-infection-in-patients-with-hereditary-bleeding-disorders-epidemiology-natural-history-and-management
#5
REVIEW
Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Vasiliki Argiana, Melanie Deutsch
Hereditary bleeding disorders include a group of diseases with abnormalities of coagulation. Prior to 1990, infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) was mainly transmitted via pooled plasma products as a treatment for hereditary bleeding disorders. Anti-HCV positivity in these patients may be as high as >70% in some areas, while some of them have also been coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus. Since about 20% of HCV-infected patients clear the infection naturally, chronic HCV infection represents a significant health problem in this group of patients...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333014/is-colorectal-cancer-in-young-40-years-different-from-those-in-the-elderly-40-years-experience-from-a-regional-care-center
#6
Rudresha A Haleshappa, Suparna Ajit Rao, Sunny Garg, C Lakshmaiah Kuntegowdanahalli, Govinda Babu Kanakasetty, Lokanatha Dasappa
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is considered a disease of elderly. There has been a steady decrease in the incidence in those aged >50 years, with an alarming increase noted in adults aged <50 years. Subjects and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 89 patients diagnosed with CRC aged <40 years between the years 2010 and 2014. Their clinical profile, treatment, and outcomes were studied. Results: The median age was 33 years with a male preponderance (56...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332090/impaired-value-of-99m-tc-gsa-scintigraphy-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-posthepatectomy-liver-failure-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Ikuo Nakamura, Yuji Iimuro, Seikan Hai, Yuichi Kondo, Etsuro Hatano, Jiro Fujimoto
BACKGROUND: Posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) was recently defined with the corresponding recommendations as follows: grade A, no change in clinical management; grade B, clinical management with noninvasive treatment; and grade C, clinical management with invasive treatment. In this study, we identified the risk factors for grade B and C PHLF in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Of 339 HCC patients who underwent curative hepatic resection, 218 were included for analysis...
January 12, 2018: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331340/hsp72-protects-from-liver-injury-via-attenuation-of-hepatocellular-death-oxidative-stress-and-jnk-signaling
#8
Kateryna Levada, Nurdan Guldiken, Xiaoji Zhang, Giovanna Vella, Fa-Rong Mo, Laura P James, Johannes Haybaeck, Sonja M Kessler, Alexandra K Kiemer, Thomas Ott, Daniel Hartmann, Norbert Hüser, Marianne Ziol, Christian Trautwein, Pavel Strnad
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Heat shock protein (Hsp) 72 is a molecular chaperone that is upregulated in response to stress and possesses broad cytoprotective functions. To determine its hepatic function, we studied its expression in human liver disorders and its biological significance in newly generated transgenic animals. AIM AND METHODS: Double transgenic mice overexpressing Hsp72 (gene HSPA1A) under the control of a tissue-specific tetracycline-inducible system (Hsp72-LAP mice) were produced...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331069/cellular-membrane-trafficking-machineries-utilized-by-the-hepatitis-viruses
#9
REVIEW
Jun Inoue, Masashi Ninomiya, Tooru Shimosegawa, Mark A McNiven
While the life cycles of hepatitis viruses (hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E viruses) have been modestly characterized, recent intensive studies have provided new insights. Because these viruses 'hijack' the membrane trafficking of the host cell machinery during replicative propagation, it is essential to determine and understand these specific cellular pathways. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are well known as a leading cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. While substantial inroads toward treating HCV patients have recently been made, patients with HBV continue to require life-long treatment, which makes a thorough understanding of the HBV life cycle essential...
January 13, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330673/vacuum-assisted-closure-therapy-of-paradoxical-reaction-in-tuberculous-lymphadenopathy-caused-by-mycobacterium-africanum
#10
H F Geerdes-Fenge, P Pongratz, J Liese, E C Reisinger
A 26-year-old HIV-negative male from Ghana was treated for cervical, intrathoracic and abdominal lymph node tuberculosis (TB) and tuberculous hepatitis. Penetration of the thoracic trachea by a mediastinal lymph node had caused bronchomucosal TB. Sputum culture grew M. africanum, sensitive to all first-line antituberculous drugs. Four weeks after the beginning of directly observed treatment with isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol, the right cervical lymph node increased in size, liquefied and caused a spontaneous fistula...
January 12, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329619/hepatic-fibropoiesis-in-dogs-naturally-infected-with-leishmania-leishmania-infantum-treated-with-liposome-encapsulated-meglumine-antimoniate-and-allopurinol
#11
R S Castro, I F G de Amorim, R A Pereira, S M Silva, L J Pinheiro, A J W Pinto, E G Azevedo, C Demicheli, M M V Caliari, D M Mosser, M S M Michalick, Frédéric J G Frezard, Wagner L Tafuri
Hepatic fibropoiesis in canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) were evaluated by histological (morphometrical collagen deposition) and immunohistochemical assays characterizing alpha-actin (α-SMA), vimentin, calprotectin (L1 antigen), and TGF-β in 46 naturally infected dogs with Leishmania infantum treated with liposome-encapsulated meglumine antimoniate and allopurinol separately and in combination. Six treatment groups were defined: meglumine antimoniate encapsulated in nanometric liposomes (LMA), allopurinol (ALLOP); liposome-encapsulated meglumine antomoniate combined with allopurinol (LMA+ALLOP); empty liposomes (LEMP); empty liposomes combined with allopurinol (LEMP+ALLOP) and saline...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328881/factors-affecting-the-virological-response-among-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-patients-in-yemen
#12
Zaid Mutahar Mohammed Alezzi, Ayman Yosry Abd El Rehim, Waleed Fouad Fathallah, Mansour Ali Alamrani, Fouad Hezam Othman
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is increasingly seen as a major public health problem, threat, and concern worldwide. In Yemen about 1.7% of the population is infected with chronic hepatitis C. This study aimed to detect the predictors for response to pegylated interferon and ribavirin (Peg-IFN/RBV) in chronic HCV Yemeni patients. The study was conducted on 100 patients with chronic HCV who received Peg-IFN/RBV in the 48th Military Hospital in Sana'a Yemen, from 2011 to 2013. All patients were subjected to complete history taking, thorough clinical examinations, routine laboratory investigation, and abdominal ultrasonography...
January 2018: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327780/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-interferon-free-direct-acting-antiviral-regimens-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-genotype-1-in-routine-clinical-practice-in-asia
#13
REVIEW
F Ji, B Wei, Y H Yeo, E Ogawa, B Zou, C D Stave, Z Li, S Dang, N Furusyo, R C Cheung, M H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens have shown high efficacy and tolerability for patients with HCV genotype 1/1b (GT1/1b) in clinical trials. However, robust real-world evidence of interferon (IFN)-free DAA treatment for HCV GT1-infected patients in Asia is still lacking. AIM: To systematically review and meta-analyse the effectiveness and tolerability of IFN-free DAA therapy for HCV GT1 infection in Asia. METHODS: We included studies that enrolled adult patients with HCV GT1 infection in routine clinical practice in Asia, using IFN-free DAA regimens, and reported sustained virological response (SVR) after 12/24 weeks end-of-treatment by 31 May 2017...
January 12, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327401/daclatasvir-and-reduced-dose-sofosbuvir-an-effective-and-pangenotypic-treatment-for-hepatitis-c-in-patients-with-egfr-30-ml-min
#14
Amit Goel, Dharmendra Singh Bhadauria, Anupma Kaul, Prashant Verma, Mayank Mehrotra, Amit Gupta, Raj Kumar Sharma, Praveer Rai, Rakesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sofosbuvir is a key agent for HCV treatment. It is not recommended for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 mL/min. We report real-life experience of treating a cohort of CKD patients with eGFR <30 mL/min using daclatasvir and half-daily dose of sofosbuvir. METHODS: Adults patients who (i) had eGFR<30 ml/min and detectable HCV RNA and (ii) were treated with interferon and ribavirin free, DAA based regimens were included...
January 12, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326009/is-there-sufficient-evidence-to-repeal-three-decades-of-clinical-research-on-chronic-hepatitis-c
#15
Giuseppe Ippolito, Alimuddin Zumla, Simone Lanini
The Cochrane Collaboration has published a systematic review about the treatment chronic hepatitis C (CHC) with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) concluding that there is no evidence either to confirm or to reject the premise that DAAs have any clinical effects and they also state that sustained virological response is an unreliable surrogate marker to assess clinical efficacy. Here we discuss the implication of the Cochrane Collaboration review at the light of the current knowledge of CHC clinical management and propose a framework for the future research...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325864/infections-genetic-and-environmental-factors-in-pathogenesis-of-autoimmune-thyroid-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Sanjeev Kumar Shukla, Govind Singh, Shahzad Ahmad, Prabhat Pant
In Autoimmune disease a combination of infection, genetic and environmental factors causes an autoimmune response to the thyroid gland (characterized by lymphocytic infiltrations), thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) and different thyroid antigens. Graves' and Hashimoto disease are autoimmune disorders with genetic predisposition. CD40 that stimulates the proliferation and differentiation of lymphocytes is an essential immunomodulatory component for follicular cells in the thyroid and the cell that present the antigen...
January 8, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325299/-hepatitis-c-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-the-treatment-with-direct-acting-antiviral-agents
#17
X Liu, Y H Gao, J Q Niu
With the wide use of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs), more and more patients with chronic hepatitis C achieve sustained virological response; however, no consensus has been reached on the application of DAAs in the treatment of hepatitis C virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This article summarizes and evaluates related issues in this field, including whether antiviral therapy with DAAs in patients with hepatitis C can increase the incidence or recurrence rate of HCC, as well as whether DAAs can be used for hepatitis C in HCC patients after antitumor treatment and the efficacy of DAAs in such patients...
December 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325297/-sofosbuvir-combined-with-daclatasvir-in-treatment-of-a-patient-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-undergoing-liver-and-renal-transplantation-a-case-report
#18
X H Gao, X F Hao, P Jing, G H Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325280/-clinical-value-of-anti-liver-kidney-microsomal-1-antibody-in-patients-with-liver-disease
#19
Y Han, H P Yan, H Y Liao, L M Sun, Y L Huang, C Y Huang, H P Zhang, X D Zhang, X Q Bian, M X Ren, X F Du, Y M Liu
Objective: To investigate the clinical and laboratory features of patients with liver disease and positive anti-liver/kidney microsomal-1 (anti-LKM-1) antibody, and to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Methods: The clinical data of patients with positive anti-LKM-1 antibody who were treated in our hospital from 2006 to 2016 were collected, and clinical and laboratory features were analyzed and compared. An analysis was also performed for special cases. Results: The measurement of related autoantibodies was performed for about 100 thousand case-times, and 15 patients were found to have positive anti-LKM-1 antibody...
November 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325277/-effect-of-fuzheng-huayu-capsules-on-survival-rate-of-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#20
X J Ge, C Q Zhao, L M Xu
Objective: To investigate the effect of Fuzheng Huayu capsules on the survival rate of patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of the patients with various types of liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2008. The data collected for these patients included their basic information, diagnosis and treatment, and results of laboratory examination...
November 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
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