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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445278/analysis-of-treatment-of-large-abdominal-malignancies-in-children-complicated-with-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-report-of-six-cases
#1
Zeng Le-Xiang, Wu Yao-Hao, Li Na, Qiu Rong-Lin, Zhou Jia-Jia, Jiang Wen-Li, Zhang Jie, Deng Xiao-Geng
To explore effective treatment of large abdominal malignancies in children complicated with abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).Six children with large abdominal malignancies complicated with ACS were admitted to our department from January 2013 to January 2016, and the changes in their breathing, heart rate, oxygen saturation, abdominal circumference, bladder pressure, and urine output, as well as the treatment measures and outcomes, were retrospectively analyzed.The 6 children included 1 child with bilateral nephroblastoma, 1 child with abdominal alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, 1 child with right ovarian malignant teratoma complicated with abdominal glioma, 1 child with abdominal malignant teratoma, 1 child with right nephroblastoma, and 1 child with left adrenal gland neuroblastoma...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442215/-neopterin-levels-and-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-in-pediatric-critically-ill-patients
#2
Raquel Gil-Gómez, Javier Blasco-Alonso, Pilar Sánchez-Yáñez, Vanessa Rosa-Camacho, Guillermo Milano Manso
INTRODUCTION: Neopterin and biopterin are sub-products of redox reactions, which act as cofactors of enzymes responsible for nitric oxide production. The hypothesis is presented that plasma neopterin and biopterin evolve differently during the first days in a critically ill child. METHODS: A single-centre prospective observational study was conducted on patients 7 days to 14 years admitted to our Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and that met Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria...
April 22, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441327/exclusive-breastfeeding-practice-and-its-association-among-mothers-of-under-5-children-in-kwango-district-dr-congo
#3
Sarita Dhakal, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
The benefit of the breastfeeding has been well-established. In comparison to partial breast feeding, exclusive breastfeeding has even more benefits. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with breastfeeding exclusivity during the first 6 months of life in order to better target public health interventions in this community towards healthier infant nutrition and address child mortality in this population. A cross-sectional survey among 1145 random households was conducted in the Kwango district of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during 2 November 2015 to 13 November 2015...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440560/parental-perception-of-child-s-body-mass-index-and-health-within-primary-care
#4
Imelda Reyes, Melinda Higgins
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Overweight and obesity are sensitive issues to address with pediatric patients during any visit. Patients and families may not recognize that their child is overweight or obese and may not be ready to make change. The goals for this study were to collect overall statistics on the clinic in regards to weight status of children presenting for well child visits and to capture parental perception of the child's weight status in relation to child's age. METHODS: A consecutive sample of parents and caregivers with a child aged 2-18 completed the survey and consented for the study on the day of the survey during a well child visit...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439899/parents-as-partners-a-u-k-trial-of-a-u-s-couples-based-parenting-intervention-for-at-risk-low-income-families
#5
Polly Casey, Philip A Cowan, Carolyn P Cowan, Lucy Draper, Naomi Mwamba, David Hewison
Despite the well-established links between couple relationship quality and healthy family functioning, and burgeoning evidence from the international intervention field, there is little or no evidence of the efficacy of couples-based interventions from the United Kingdom (U.K.). This study explored whether the Parents as Partners (PasP) program, a group-based intervention developed in the United States, brought about the same benefits in the U.K. The evaluation is based on 97 couples with children from communities with high levels of need, recruited to PasP because they are at high risk for parent and child psychopathology...
April 24, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439622/long-term-impacts-of-parental-migration-on-chinese-children-s-psychosocial-well-being-mitigating-and-exacerbating-factors
#6
Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Leah Li, Xudong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
PURPOSE: Prolonged separation from migrant parents raises concerns for the well-being of 60 million left behind children (LBC) in rural China. This study aimed to investigate the impact of current and previous parental migration on child psychosocial well-being, with a focus on emotional and behavioral outcomes, while considering factors in family care and support. METHODS: Children were recruited from schools in migrant-sending rural areas in Zhejiang and Guizhou provinces by random stratified sampling...
April 24, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438523/predictors-of-early-childbirth-among-female-adolescents-in-foster-care
#7
Bryn King, Melissa Van Wert
PURPOSE: Placement into foster care is driven by a number of factors, many of which are associated with adolescent childbirth. Yet, there are few studies that identify the experiences and characteristics that predict adolescent childbirth among girls who spend time in foster care. METHODS: A longitudinal, population-based data set was constructed by probabilistically matching California child protective service records for female foster youth to maternal information available on vital birth records for children born between 2001 and 2010...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438048/the-impact-of-infant-well-child-care-compliance-and-social-risks-on-emergency-department-utilization
#8
Nikki R Lawson, Melissa D Klein, Nicholas J Ollberding, Victoria Wurster Ovalle, Andrew F Beck
Deployment of medical and social services at well-child visits promotes child health. A retrospective review of the electronic health record was conducted for infants presenting for their "newborn" visit over a 2-year period at an urban, academic primary care center. Primary outcomes were time to first emergency department (ED) visit, number of ED visits (emergent or nonemergent), and number of nonemergent ED visits by 2 years of life. Records from 212 consecutive newborns were evaluated-59.9% were black/African American and 84...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435815/perception-of-hiv-aids-education-at-the-community-level-in-jordan
#9
Fathieh Abu Moghli, Suhair Al Habeesh, Lubna Abu Shikha
BACKGROUND: The control of spread of HIV takes concerted efforts at both national and international levels. Education is an important component of preventing the spread of HIV. This study aimed to assess the attitudes of parents, teachers and students towards informing children about HIV/AIDS, attitudes concerning 'proper' age to learn about HIV/AIDS, possible differences in attitudes relating to gender of child and what they should learn and ideas about the most 'adequate' person/institution to be responsible for provision of HIV/AIDS education...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435282/managing-the-patient-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#10
REVIEW
Caroline Marr, Alison Seasman, Nick Bishop
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous heritable connective tissue disorder characterized by low bone density. The type and severity of OI are variable. The primary manifestations are fractures, bone deformity, and bone pain, resulting in reduced mobility and function to complete everyday tasks. OI affects not only the physical but also the social and emotional well-being of children, young people, and their families. As such, medical, surgical, and allied health professionals' assessments all play a role in the management of these children...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433205/federal-research-priorities-in-child-abuse-and-neglect-research-a-commentary-on-multi-site-research-networks
#11
Valerie Maholmes
The National Institutes of Health has a long history of supporting investigator initiated child abuse research, including risk-factor studies on prevalence, course and consequences of child abuse and neglect. These studies laid the ground work for prevention research as well as the development and testing of therapeutic interventions. The newly established Pediatric Trauma and Critical Illness Branch at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development represents a new opportunity to call attention to the need for greater collaboration among researchers to build on prior work, pursue complex lines of inquiry, address more medically focused research and new clinical questions that will heighten the awareness of the unique needs for treatment and care of abused children...
April 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431364/the-humanistic-and-economic-burden-of-dravet-syndrome-on-caregivers-and-families-implications-for-future-research
#12
REVIEW
Mark P Jensen, Andreas Brunklaus, Liam Dorris, Sameer M Zuberi, Kelly G Knupp, Bradley S Galer, Arnold R Gammaitoni
We reviewed the current literature with respect to the humanistic and financial burdens of Dravet Syndrome (DS) on the caregivers of children with DS, in order to (1) identify key unanswered questions or gaps in knowledge that need to be addressed and then, based on these knowledge gaps, (2) propose a research agenda for the scientific community to address in the coming decade. The findings support the conclusion that caring for a child with DS is associated with significant humanistic burden and direct costs...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431108/investments-in-children-s-health-and-the-kenyan-cash-transfer-for-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-evidence-from-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-scheme
#13
Carolyn Huang, Kavita Singh, Sudhanshu Handa, Carolyn Halpern, Audrey Pettifor, Harsha Thirumurthy
Child mortality is one of the most pressing global health and policy issues in the developing world. The leading drivers of death-pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria-are preventable and treatable. However, these illnesses are exacerbated by a lack of accessible nutrition, water, basic and preventive health services, and sanitary living conditions-all factors which are more likely to disproportionately impact the poor. We examine whether Kenya's largest social protection impacts children's incidence of upper respiratory illness...
April 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#14
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422527/attitudes-toward-stimulant-treatment-of-offspring-of-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Carlos Canela, Anna Buadze, Anish Dube, Dominique Eich, Michael Liebrenz
AIM: The objective of this study was to investigate how adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder viewed the testing and use of stimulants in their children. METHODS: Using a qualitative approach, we interviewed 32 outpatients from a special care unit of a university hospital. RESULTS: Emerging themes centered around concerns about the right age to test children and opinions about stimulant treatment ranging from unreserved agreement to reluctance, as well as the need for a shared decision with the child...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#16
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419019/complexities-of-consent-ethics-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#17
Naomi Dreisinger, Nathan Zapolsky
Informed consent is a communicative process of sharing information with patients, which helps assure their understanding of the information provided and asks for their permission to proceed. Informed consent allows a patient or a patient's family to use his or her own value system to determine the need for a particular procedure or test. Asking a patient for permission to treat requires the provider to respect the patient's autonomy through allowing him or her to be an active part of the decision-making process...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418416/-dental-treatment-of-fearful-children-subjection-denyal-or-guidance
#18
M C M van Gemert-Schriks, M M Bildt
Dental treatment anxiety is a common fear among children. The dental health care provider is faced with difficult dilemmas about ensuring good oral health for these children in general daily practice. The indicated treatment usually exceeds the capacity of the frightened child, but when treatment is not performed, the child is at risk of serious general health problems and its quality of life could diminish. This article provides an overview of the aetiology of dental treatment anxiety in children. In addition, the dental practitioner is provided with insight into the possibilities that allow him/her to enhance the treatability of the child and reduce anxiety to such an extent that the indicated dental care can be provided...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#19
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416250/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#20
REVIEW
Ming-Chou Chiang, Yuh-Jyh Jong, Chyi-Her Lin
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a recommended regimen for newborn infants who are at or near term with evolving moderate-to-severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The Task Force of the Taiwan Child Neurology Society and the Taiwan Society of Neonatology held a joint meeting in 2015 to establish recommendations for using TH on newborn patients with HIE. Based on current evidence and experts' experiences, this review article summarizes the key points and recommendations regarding TH for newborns with HIE, including: (1) selection criteria for TH; (2) choices of method and equipment for TH; (3) TH prior to and during transport; (4) methods for temperature maintenance, monitoring, and rewarming; (5) systemic care of patients during TH, including the care of respiratory and cardiovascular systems, management of fluids, electrolytes, and nutrition, as well as sedation and drug metabolism; (6) monitoring and management of seizures; (7) neuroimaging, prognostic factors, and outcomes; and (8) adjuvant therapy for TH...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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