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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436587/coparenting-conflict-and-academic-readiness-in-children-of-teen-mothers-effortful-control-as-a-mediator
#1
Laudan B Jahromi, Katharine H Zeiders, Kimberly A Updegraff, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Sara Douglass Bayless
Children's exposure to coparenting conflict has important implications for their developmental functioning, yet limited work has focused on such processes in families with diverse structures or ethnically and culturally diverse backgrounds. This longitudinal study examined the processes by which Mexican-origin adolescent mothers' coparenting conflict with their 3-year-old children's grandmothers and biological fathers (N = 133 families) were linked to children's academic and social skills at 5 years of age, and whether children's effortful control at 4 years of age mediated the link between coparenting conflict and indices of children's academic readiness...
April 24, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426857/spectacle-wear-among-children-in-a-school-based-program-for-ready-made-vs-custom-made-spectacles-in-india-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Priya Morjaria, Jenifer Evans, Kaushik Murali, Clare Gilbert
Importance: Uncorrected refractive errors are the most common cause of visual impairment in children despite correction being highly cost-effective. Objective: To determine whether less expensive ready-made spectacles produce rates of spectacle wear at 3 to 4 months comparable to those of more expensive custom-made spectacles among eligible school-aged children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This noninferiority, double-masked, randomized clinical trial recruited children aged 11 to 15 years from January 12 through July 31, 2015, from government schools in urban and periurban areas surrounding Bangalore, India...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418261/preschool-children-s-communication-motor-and-social-development-parents-and-educators-concerns
#3
Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Jane McCormack, Paul White, Yvonne Wren, Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: During early childhood, it is important to identify which children require intervention before they face the increased demands of school. This study aimed to: (1) compare parents' and educators' concerns, (2) examine inter-rater reliability between parents' and educators' concerns and (3) determine the group difference between level of concern and children's performance on clinical testing. METHOD: Parents and educators of 1205 4- to 5-year-old children in the Sound Start Study completed the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416043/delaying-middle-school-and-high-school-start-times-promotes-student-health-and-performance-an-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-position-statement
#4
Nathaniel F Watson, Jennifer L Martin, Merrill S Wise, Kelly A Carden, Douglas B Kirsch, David A Kristo, Raman K Malhotra, Eric J Olson, Kannan Ramar, Ilene M Rosen, James A Rowley, Terri E Weaver, Ronald D Chervin
During adolescence, internal circadian rhythms and biological sleep drive change to result in later sleep and wake times. As a result of these changes, early middle school and high school start times curtail sleep, hamper a student's preparedness to learn, negatively impact physical and mental health, and impair driving safety. Furthermore, a growing body of evidence shows that delaying school start times positively impacts student achievement, health, and safety. Public awareness of the hazards of early school start times and the benefits of later start times are largely unappreciated...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395598/improving-clerkship-preparedness-a-hospital-medicine-elective-for-pre-clerkship-students
#5
Denise M Connor, Paul J Conlon, Bridget C O'Brien, Calvin L Chou
BACKGROUND: Medical students often struggle to apply their nascent clinical skills in clerkships. While transitional clerkships can orient students to new roles and logistics, students may benefit from developing clinical skills in inpatient environments earlier in their curriculum to improve readiness for clerkships. INTERVENTION: Our four- to six-session elective provides pre-clerkship students with individualized learning in the inpatient setting with the aim of improving clerkship preparedness...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394966/-longitudinal-perception-of-the-educational-environment-in-two-medical-schools-with-traditional-curricula-in-chile-and-spain
#6
Gabriela Díaz-Véliz, Sergio Mora G, Jesús F Escanero
BACKGROUND: To establish an educational environment that ensures the quality of the teaching-learning process is a challenge for any educational institution. The questionnaire DREEM (Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure) is used to identify strengths and weaknesses of an educational environment and to compare different medical schools. AIM: To evaluate the changes in the perception of educational environment by students of the Schools of Medicine of the University of Zaragoza, UZar (Spain) and the University of Chile, UCh (Chile) at two points in their curricula...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384888/perception-of-learning-environment-among-undergraduate-medical-students-in-two-different-medical-schools-through-dreem-and-jhles-questionnaire
#7
Parama Sengupta, Abhishek Sharma, Nina Das
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of learning environment is essential to assess the acceptability of the curriculum among students. Several tools are available to assess undergraduate medical students' perception of learning environment. Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire is the most commonly used tool. Here, we have used both the widely used DREEM questionnaire and a relatively new questionnaire Johns Hopkins Learning Environment Scale (JHLES). AIM: Assessment of students' perception of learning environment of two eastern Indian medical schools using DREEM and JHLES questionnaire...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383928/effects-of-an-interdependent-group-contingency-on-the-transition-behavior-of-middle-school-students-with-emotional-and-behavioral-disorders
#8
Renee O Hawkins, Todd Haydon, Dacia McCoy, Andrea Howard
An ABAB design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of an interdependent group contingency with randomized components to improve the transition behavior of middle school students identified with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBDs) served in an alternative educational setting. The intervention was implemented by one teacher with three classes of students, and the dependent variable was the percentage of students ready to begin class at the appropriate time. Data revealed significant improvements in student behavior, providing support for implementation of group contingencies for students with EBDs in alternative educational settings and an example of feasible procedures and data collection methods...
April 6, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379086/boosting-clinical-performance-the-impact-of-enhanced-final-year-placements
#9
D V H Williams, A M Reid, M Homer
BACKGROUND: This study follows on from a study that investigated how to develop effective final year medical student assistantship placements, using multidisciplinary clinical teams in planning and delivery. AIMS: This study assessed the effects on objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) performance of the in-course enhanced "super-assistantship" placement introduced to a randomly selected sample of 2013-14 final year medical students at Leeds medical school...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374732/-the-comprehensive-approach-to-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-junior-athletes
#10
N P Stepanenko, T E Levitskaya, E A Tsekhmeistruk, N A Tren'kaeva, S V Tyulyupo, O V Dostovalova, S V Kremeno, S S Shakhova, V D Chekcheeva
AIM: The objective of the present study was the development of the comprehensive program for the medico-psychological follow-up of the male and female junior athletes (rhythmic gymnastics) with the purpose of stabilizing their hormonal and emotional status, as well as improving sport performances based on the use of modern hardware-software technologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination of 72 female athletes at the mean age of 11.5±0.6 years attending R...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371553/measuring-executive-function-in-indian-mothers-and-their-4-year-old-daughters
#11
Antje von Suchodoletz, Pauline L Slot, Delshad M Shroff
Executive function (EF), including cognitive flexibility, attention shifting, and inhibitory control, has been linked to a range of outcomes across the lifespan, such as school readiness and academic functioning, job performance, health, and social-emotional well-being. Yet, research investigating links between parent EF and child EF is still limited. This is partly due to challenges in measuring the same EF abilities in parents and their children. The current study investigated the applicability of a computer-based battery of various EF tasks for use with both mothers and children...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370023/-this-treatment-can-really-help-me-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-treatment-readiness-and-its-predictors-in-patients-undergoing-alcohol-and-drug-rehabilitation-treatment
#12
Daniela Piontek, Stefan Kurktschiev, Ludwig Kraus, Stefan Hölscher, Fred Rist, Thomas Heinz, Norbert Scherbaum, Stefan Bender, Angela Buchholz
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that patients entering alcohol or drug treatment have different levels of treatment readiness and change their motivation differently over time. Nonetheless, existing studies mainly use single measures of motivation and do not consider individual differences. The present study addresses two questions: (1) How does treatment readiness change in patients with alcohol and drug use dependence over the course of an in-patient rehabilitation treatment; (2) Can changes in treatment readiness be explained by sociodemographic and substance use related characteristics? METHODS: Data from n=177 alcohol dependent patients and n=152 drug dependent patients were collected in two in-patient rehabilitation centers in Germany...
April 3, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364851/making-gains-or-falling-behind-changes-and-stability-in-school-readiness
#13
Erin M Baumgartner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351880/preventing-peer-violence-against-children-methods-and-baseline-data-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-pakistan
#14
Judith McFarlane, Rozina Karmaliani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Saleema Gulzar, Rozina Somani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Yasmeen H Somani, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Ryan D Krone, Rene M Paulson, Atta Muhammad, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Violence against and among children is a global public health problem that annually affects 50% of youth worldwide with major impacts on child development, education, and health including increased probability of major causes of morbidity and mortality in adulthood. It is also associated with the experience of and perpetration of later violence against women. The aim of this article is to describe the intervention, study design, methods, and baseline findings of a cluster randomized controlled trial underway in Pakistan to evaluate a school-based play intervention aiming to reduce peer violence and enhance mental health...
March 24, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334748/the-shifting-dynamics-of-social-roles-and-project-ownership-over-the-lifecycle-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-project
#15
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background: . Community based participatory research (CBPR) is often initiated by academic researchers, yet relies on meaningful community engagement and ownership to have lasting impact. Little is understood about how ownership shifts from academic to community partners. Objectives: . We examined a CBPR project over its life course and asked: what does the evolution of ownership look like from project initiation by an academic (non-community) champion (T1); to maturation-when the intervention is ready to be deployed (T2); to independence-the time when the original champion steps aside (T3); and finally, to its maintenance-when the community has had an opportunity to function independently of the original academic champion (T4)? Methods: ...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328312/adolescent-substance-use-assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-a-school-based-health-center-workforce
#16
Mary M Ramos, Rachel A Sebastian, Mary Murphy, Kristin Oreskovich, Timothy P Condon
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the potential for school-based health centers (SBHCs) to provide access points for adolescent substance use care. In 2015, the University of New Mexico began screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training for providers at New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH)-funded SBHCs across the state. This study assesses baseline knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the New Mexico SBHC provider workforce regarding adolescent substance use and provision of services...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277156/maternal-self-efficacy-postpartum-depression-and-their-relationship-with-functional-status-in-iranian-mothers
#17
Fahimeh Fathi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Readiness to care for family, infant, and self are important during the postpartum period. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships of self-efficacy and postpartum depressive symptoms with functional status in randomly sampled Iranian mothers (n = 437). The study was cross-sectional and conducted in 2015. The mean (SD) of the total functional status score was 2.3 (0.2) out of a possible score of 1-4. The maximum and minimum scores in infant care were 4.0 and 2.2 and, in social and community activity, levels were 3...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275426/child-maltreatment-between-knowledge-attitude-and-beliefs-among-saudi-pediatricians-pediatric-residency-trainees-and-medical-students
#18
Yossef Alnasser, Amani Albijadi, Waad Abdullah, Dana Aldabeeb, Alanoud Alomair, Sara Alsaddiqi, Yara Alsalloum
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is not included in Saudi medical schools and pediatric residency curriculums, which might limit knowledge and spread misconceptions. Additionally, physicians might have different attitudes regarding reporting child abuse and neglect. In this study, we hypothesize that medical students and pediatric trainees have limited knowledge, oblivious attitude and misbeliefs regarding child maltreatment in comparison to experienced pediatricians. But, medical students and trainees might hold higher motives and willingness to learn about child maltreatment and their consequences...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274789/teacher-perceptions-of-multilevel-policies-and-the-influence-on-nutrition-education-in-north-carolina-head-start-preschools
#19
Amanda D Peterson, L Suzanne Goodell, Archana Hegde, Virginia C Stage
OBJECTIVE: To develop a theory that explains the process of how teachers' perception of multilevel policies may influence nutrition education (NE) teaching strategies in Head Start preschools. DESIGN: Semistructured telephone interviews. SETTING: North Carolina Head Start preschools. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two Head Start teachers. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: All interviews were transcribed verbatim. Following a grounded theory approach, authors coded interview data for emergent themes...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260240/cost-effectiveness-of-ready-for-recess-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children
#20
Hongmei Wang, Tao Li, Mohammad Siahpush, Li-Wu Chen, Jennifer Huberty
BACKGROUND: Many school-based recess interventions have been shown to be effective in increasing physical activity but their relative efficiency compared to other school-based programs are unknown. This study examined the cost-effectiveness of Ready for Recess, a program designed to increase students' physical activity in 2 elementary schools. METHODS: Standard cost-effectiveness analysis method was used from a program's perspective for this study. Program effectiveness was measured as total metabolic equivalent (MET) hours gained...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
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