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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331282/development-testing-and-implementation-of-a-training-curriculum-for-nonphysician-health-workers-to-reduce-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Maheer Khan, Pablo Lamelas, Hadi Musa, Jared Paty, Tara McCready, Robby Nieuwlaat, Eleonor Ng, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Jose Lopez-Lopez, Khalid Yusoff, Fadhlina A Majid, Kien Keat Ng, Len Garis, Oyere Onuma, Salim Yusuf, Jon-David Schwalm
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The need to address CVD is greatest in low- and middle-income countries where there is a shortage of trained health workers in CVD detection, prevention, and control. OBJECTIVES: Based on the growing evidence that many elements of chronic disease management can be shifted to nonphysician health care workers (NPHW), the HOPE-4 (Heart Outcomes Prevention and Evaluation Program) aimed to develop, test, and implement a training curriculum on CVD prevention and control in Colombia, Malaysia, and low-resource settings in Canada...
January 10, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330985/medical-students-perceptions-of-their-learning-environment-at-lahore-medical-and-dental-college-lahore
#2
Uzma Zafar, Seema Daud, Qamar Shakoor, Abdul Majeed Chaudhry, Fahad Naser, Mehreen Mushtaq
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to assess medical students' perceptions of their learning environment at Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore. METHODS: It was a crosssectional descriptive study conducted at Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore. Five hundred and thirty-three students participated in this study. A questionnaire was used as a study tool, comprising of demographic information and the 'Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure' (DREEM) inventory...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326184/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-computer-based-clinic-intervention-health-e-you-salud-itu-to-reduce-health-disparities-in-unintended-pregnancies-among-hispanic-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial
#3
Kathleen P Tebb, Felicia Rodriguez, Lance M Pollack, Sang Leng Trieu, Loris Hwang, Maryjane Puffer, Sally Adams, Elizabeth M Ozer, Claire D Brindis
INTRODUCTION: Teen pregnancy rates in the USA remain higher than any other industrialised nation, and pregnancies among Hispanic adolescents are disproportionately high. Computer-based interventions represent a promising approach to address sexual health and contraceptive use disparities. Preliminary findings have demonstrated that the Health-E You/Salud iTu, computer application (app) is feasible to implement, acceptable to Latina adolescents and improves sexual health knowledge and interest in selecting an effective contraceptive method when used in conjunction with a healthcare visit...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315625/concentrated-disadvantage-residential-instability-and-the-home-environment-for-preschoolers
#4
Emily M May, Sandra T Azar, Stephen A Matthews
Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood is associated with heightened risk for poor school readiness and health outcomes in early childhood, and the home environment is thought to be a primary mechanism by which neighborhood context impacts preschoolers. This study examined the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage and neighborhood residential instability on the home physical environment and home learning environment for preschoolers in economically disadvantaged families (N = 187). Using structural equation modeling, mothers' perceived neighborhood disorder and depressive symptoms were examined as mechanisms by which neighborhood context "comes through the door...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313250/adolescents-perceptions-of-the-economy-its-association-with-academic-engagement-and-the-role-of-school-based-and-parental-relationships
#5
Nancy E Hill, Belle Liang, Diamond Y Bravo, Maggi Price, Whitney Polk, John Perella, Mandy Savitz-Romer
In the context of widespread media coverage of economic problems, un- and under-employment, and overwhelming student loan debt, youth are making sense of the prospects of getting a job and value of education. Further, they are assessing the implications of the job market in curtailing or enhancing their future success. School-based and familial relationships may support students in making sense of the job market. The current study focuses on how youth view the economy, its association with academic engagement, and how parental and school-based relationships shape views of the job market and their impact on academic engagement...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304791/medical-school-clinical-placements-the-optimal-method-for-assessing-the-clinical-educational-environment-from-a-graduate-entry-perspective
#6
Sarah Hyde, Ailish Hannigan, Tim Dornan, Deirdre McGrath
BACKGROUND: Educational environment is a strong determinant of student satisfaction and achievement. The learning environments of medical students on clinical placements are busy workplaces, composed of many variables. There is no universally accepted method of evaluating the clinical learning environment, nor is there consensus on what concepts or aspects should be measured. The aims of this study were to compare the Dundee ready educational environment measure (DREEM - the current de facto standard) and the more recently developed Manchester clinical placement index (MCPI) for the assessment of the clinical learning environment in a graduate entry medical student cohort by correlating the scores of each and analysing free text comments...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295034/development-and-psychometrics-of-instruments-to-assess-school-personnel-s-bystander-action-in-situations-of-teen-relationship-abuse-and-sexual-assault
#7
Katie M Edwards, Stephanie N Sessarego, Linda R Stanley, Kimberly J Mitchell, Robert P Eckstein, Kara Anne E Rodenhizer, P Caroline Leyva, Victoria L Banyard
This article describes recently developed instruments that assess school personnel's bystander barriers and intentions in situations of teen relationship abuse, sexual assault, and sexual harassment, as well as perceptions of school readiness specific to relationship abuse, sexual assault, and sexual harassment prevention and response. Participants were 1,150 high school personnel from 25 schools in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Maine. Specific instruments focused on bystander intentions, bystander action, barriers to bystander action, and perceptions of school readiness...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276425/application-of-active-learning-modalities-to-achieve-medical-genetics-competencies-and-their-learning-outcome-assessments
#8
REVIEW
Nobuko Hagiwara
The steadily falling costs of genome sequencing, coupled with the growing number of genetic tests with proven clinical validity, have made the use of genetic testing more common in clinical practice. This development has necessitated nongeneticist physicians, especially primary care physicians, to become more responsible for assessing genetic risks for their patients. Providing undergraduate medical students a solid foundation in genomic medicine, therefore, has become all the more important to ensure the readiness of future physicians in applying genomic medicine to their patient care...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276324/cost-effectiveness-of-a-school-readiness-intervention-for-foster-children
#9
Frances L Lynch, John F Dickerson, Katherine C Pears, Philip A Fisher
Objective: Many young children in foster care suffer from emotional and behavior problems due to neglect and abuse. These problems can lead to difficulties in school, and functioning in school is linked to long-term health and development. Early intervention to reduce emotional and behavioral issues can help children successfully transition to school, which can improve long-term outcomes. However, communities need information on relative costs and benefits associated with programs to make informed choices...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274944/attentional-fluctuations-in-preschoolers-direct-and-indirect-relations-with-task-accuracy-academic-readiness-and-school-performance
#10
Elif Isbell, Susan D Calkins, Margaret M Swingler, Esther M Leerkes
Attentional control fluctuates in the presence of internal and external distractors, wandering on and off a given task. The current study investigated individual differences in attentional fluctuations in 250 preschoolers. Attentional fluctuations were assessed via intra-individual variability in response time in a Go/No-Go task. Greater fluctuations in attentional control were linked to lower task accuracy. In addition, greater attentional fluctuations predicted lower performance in a task of cognitive flexibility, the Dimensional Change Card Sort task...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258790/the-allergist-s-role-in-anaphylaxis-and-food-allergy-management-in-the-school-and-childcare-setting
#11
Julie Wang, Theresa Bingemann, Anne F Russell, Michael C Young, Scott H Sicherer
Anaphylaxis and food allergy management in childcare facilities and schools are growing challenges. An increasing number of children experience severe allergic reactions on school grounds as evidenced by reports of epinephrine use. Data also suggest that the prevalence of food allergy may be increasing, with a large percentage of school-aged children at risk for anaphylaxis. Moreover, anaphylaxis may occur for the first time in a previously undiagnosed child at school or childcare setting, suggesting that general preparedness is essential...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250869/stepping-stones-to-resiliency-following-a-community-based-two-generation-canadian-preschool-programme
#12
Carla S Ginn, Karen M Benzies, Leslie Anne Keown, Shelley Raffin Bouchal, Wilfreda E Billlie Thurston
Early intervention programmes are designed to address complex inequities for Canadian families living with low income, affecting social relationships, well-being and mental health. However, there is limited understanding of resiliency and change in families living with low income over time. We conducted a mixed methods study with recent immigrant, other Canadian-born, and Aboriginal families living with low income, who attended a two-generation preschool programme (CUPS One World) between 2002 and 2008. The aim of this study was to develop an understanding of the processes of change...
December 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245140/school-readiness-of-maltreated-children-associations-of-timing-type-and-chronicity-of-maltreatment
#13
Megan F Bell, Donna M Bayliss, Rebecca Glauert, Jeneva L Ohan
Children who have been maltreated during early childhood may experience a difficult transition into fulltime schooling, due to maladaptive development of the skills and abilities that are important for positive school adaptation. An understanding of how different dimensions of maltreatment relate to children's school readiness is important for informing appropriate supports for maltreated children. In this study, the Australian Early Development Census scores of 19,203 children were linked to information on child maltreatment allegations (substantiated and unsubstantiated), including the type of alleged maltreatment, the timing of the allegation (infancy-toddlerhood or preschool), and the total number of allegations (chronicity)...
December 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235166/the-south-african-universal-preschool-year-a-case-study-of-policy-development-and-implementation
#14
L Richter, M-L Samuels
BACKGROUND: South Africa is the first sub-Saharan African country to legislate, fund and implement free preschool education. Human rights and restitution were at the forefront of the political struggle for democracy in South Africa. Levelling the playing fields by improving the school readiness of children disadvantaged by the racist policies of Apartheid is essential to the transformation of South African society. METHODS: A review of published and unpublished documents on Grade R was undertaken, and access and enrolment data come from the National Department of Basic Education's Education Management Information System (EMIS)...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233442/preparing-students-for-residency-interviews-through-a-residency-interview-boot-camp
#15
Timothy R Ulbrich, Jaclyn A Boyle
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the offering of the residency boot camp activity at one college of pharmacy for students in their fourth professional year. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Student pharmacists in their final professional year of pharmacy school were invited to participate in a voluntary residency boot camp activity. Originally, the activity consisted of four parts: (1) guidance on preparing for residency interviews; (2) a 1:1 mock interview with a resident, faculty member, residency preceptor or area program director; (3) a review of the student's curriculum vitae (CV) and letter of intent; and (4) a review of the application timeline and process...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233432/design-and-activity-evaluation-of-an-advanced-introductory-pharmacy-practice-experience-aippe-course-for-assessment-of-student-appe-readiness
#16
Eric Gilliam, Wesley Nuffer, Megan Thompson, Joseph Vande Griend
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The newly implemented Advanced-Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience (aIPPE) course at the University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences was designed to assess student readiness for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) and provide formative feedback regarding skills and abilities needed to be successful during subsequent coursework and practice experiences. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The aIPPE is a full-time, six week (240hours) direct patient care rotation occurring in the spring semester of the third-professional year following a longitudinal integrated IPPE program...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233420/student-pharmacist-perceived-benefit-of-a-sequential-training-model-for-health-testing
#17
Tiffaney Threatt, Eileen Ward, Kayce Shealy, Amy Hynes, P Elizabeth Robinette
PURPOSE: This article describes the health testing training process used at Presbyterian College School of Pharmacy and evaluates perceptions of the sequential training model among students in their first, second, and third professional years. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: After observing student deficiencies in the knowledge and skills necessary for performing health tests, despite receiving didactic training within the core curriculum, faculty members searched for supplemental training programs used by other schools of pharmacy...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224773/parental-knowledge-and-attitudes-to-childhood-hearing-loss-and-hearing-services-in-the-solomon-islands
#18
Annette Kaspar, Obiga Newton, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, De Wet Swanepoel, Helen Goulios
OBJECTIVE: An understanding of parental knowledge and attitudes towards childhood hearing loss is essential to the successful implementation of audiology services. The present study aimed to investigate parental knowledge and attitudes among parents in the Solomon Islands. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 100 mothers and 50 fathers were administered a questionnaire via semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Highest parental awareness of aetiology of childhood hearing loss was noted for otitis media (94%), noise exposure (87...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224224/healthy-and-ready-to-learn-effects-of-a-school-based-public-health-insurance-outreach-program-for-kindergarten-aged-children
#19
Jade Marcus Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Rates of child insurance coverage have increased due to expansions in public programs, but many eligible children remain uninsured. Uninsured children are less likely to receive preventative care, which leads to poorer health and achievement in the long term. This study is an evaluation of a school-based health insurance outreach initiative, "Healthy and Ready to Learn," aiming to identify and enroll uninsured kindergarteners in areas of high economic need in 16 counties in North Carolina...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221459/team-based-learning-tbl-in-the-medical-curriculum-better-than-pbl
#20
Annette Burgess, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq, Chris Roberts, Roger Garsia, Tomas Robertson, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: Internationally, medical schools have long used a variety of approaches to develop hybrid Problem based learning (PBL) curricula. However, Team-based learning (TBL), has gained recent popularity in medical education. TBL maintains the advantages of small group teaching and learning, but in contrast to Problem-based learning (PBL), does not require large numbers of tutors. In 2016, TBL was introduced to Year 1 of the Sydney Medical Program (SMP).This study sought to compare students' perceptions of using TBL in place of PBL...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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