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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099127/prevalence-risk-factors-and-consequences-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kashmir-india
#1
Mohd Ashraf Ganie, Gulzar Ahmad Bhat, Ishfaq Ahmad Wani, Aafia Rashid, Showkat Ali Zargar, Bashir Ahmad Charoo, Zaffar Amin Shah, Syed Mudassar
BACKGROUND: Obesity among children and adolescents is a growing public health problem. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and metabolic consequences of obesity among schoolchildren from Kashmir, India. METHODS: The study subjects (n=2024) included 870 boys and 1154 girls, aged between 6 and 18 years. Data were collected by interviewer-administered questionnaires. Information was obtained about different lifestyles, anthropometric parameters and dietary habits...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095505/can-early-intervention-improve-maternal-well-being-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Orla Doyle, Liam Delaney, Christine O'Farrelly, Nick Fitzpatrick, Michael Daly
OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the effect of a targeted early childhood intervention program on global and experienced measures of maternal well-being utilizing a randomized controlled trial design. The primary aim of the intervention is to improve children's school readiness skills by working directly with parents to improve their knowledge of child development and parenting behavior. One potential externality of the program is well-being benefits for parents given its direct focus on improving parental coping, self-efficacy, and problem solving skills, as well as generating an indirect effect on parental well-being by targeting child developmental problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065945/dream-of-a-conducive-learning-environment-one-dreem-for-all-medical-students
#3
Rehana Rehman, Kulsoom Ghias, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Mehwish Hussain, Faiza Alam
OBJECTIVE: To compare students' response assessed by Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure on the basis of the year of study, gender and pre-medical educational background. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan, from June 2014 to March 2015, and comprised medical students. The average scores of Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure scales and subscales were compared between gender and educational background...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050403/effects-of-storytelling-based-education-in-the-prevention-of-drug-abuse-among-adolescents-in-iran-based-on-a-readiness-to-addiction-index
#4
Mahdieh Poodineh Moghadam, Mahdieh Sari, Abbas Balouchi, Farah Madarshahian, Khadijeh Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: One of the most effective strategies in the prevention of addiction is increasing awareness among young people, towards the tendency for taking drugs their physical, mental and social side effects. Storytelling is effective for increasing characteristics of happiness and resilience. This study uses storytelling, a common and popular method to increase awareness among adolescents. AIM: To examine the effect of storytelling-based education on the prevention of drug abuse, based on a readiness to addiction index...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045283/classroom-level-adversity-associations-with-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-across-elementary-school
#5
Tashia Abry, Crystal I Bryce, Jodi Swanson, Robert H Bradley, Richard A Fabes, Robert F Corwyn
Concerns regarding the social-behavioral maladjustment of U.S. youth have spurred efforts among educators and policymakers to identify and remedy educational contexts that exacerbate children's anxiety, depression, aggression, and misconduct. However, investigations of the influence of collective classroom student characteristics on individuals' social-behavioral functioning are few. The present study examined concurrent and longitudinal relations between adversity factors facing the collective classroom student group and levels of children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors across the elementary school years, and whether the pattern of relations differed for girls and boys...
January 2, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033729/student-academic-performance-in-rural-clinical-schools-the-impact-of-cohort-size-and-competition
#6
Brendan P Condon, Paul S Worley, John R Condon, David J Prideaux
OBJECTIVES: The Deakin University School of Medicine commenced in 2008 as a rurally focused medical school in south-eastern Australia. This research was designed to examine the effectiveness of the school's adoption of small regional clinical school settings. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of the first two cohorts of students was employed to assess academic performance at each of five geographically dispersed clinical training sites, with varying student cohort sizes...
December 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018538/taking-rater-exposure-to-trainees-into-account-when-explaining-rater-variability
#7
Christy K Boscardin, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer, Olle Ten Cate
BACKGROUND : Rater-based judgments are widely used in graduate medical education to provide more meaningful assessments, despite concerns about rater reliability. OBJECTIVE : We introduced a statistical modeling technique that corresponds to the new rater reliability framework, and present a case example to provide an illustration of the utility of this new approach to assessing rater reliability. METHODS : We used mixed-effects models to simultaneously incorporate random effects for raters and systematic effects of rater role as fixed effects...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003851/perception-study-of-traditional-korean-medical-students-on-the-medical-education-using-the-dundee-ready-educational-environment-measure
#8
Hyunho Kim, Hanyoung Jeong, Pyeongjin Jeon, Seungju Kim, Young-Bae Park, Yeonseok Kang
Background. In Korea, a few studies regarding traditional Korean medicine (TKM) education have been conducted. The aim of this study is to evaluate students' perceptions regarding TKM education in Korea and compare them with those of other countries using a quantitative scale, Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM). Materials and Methods. We conducted a survey using DREEM in a TKM college. Totally, 325 students responded to this survey and we performed the descriptive statistics of scores in all items, subscales, and total...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981972/what-preventive-care-do-sedated-children-with-caries-referred-to-specialist-services-need
#9
M Sipahi Ogretme, D AbualSaoud, M T Hosey
Introduction Few studies have assessed the preventive needs of children treated under conscious sedation or their parents'/guardians' views regarding oral health education.Aim To report on the profile of children who required treatment under conscious sedation. Also to obtain the views of the parents or guardians of these children on their experiences of oral health preventive services and the support they would like in order to improve their child's oral health.Method A researcher-administered questionnaire was used to collect quantitative and qualitative responses from a consecutive sample of 123 parents/guardians during their child's sedation appointment at King's College Hospital...
December 16, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976553/screening-5-and-6-year-old-children-starting-primary-school-for-development-and-language
#10
Deniz Yılmaz, Nuray Bayar-Muluk, Birgül Bayoğlu, Aysun İdil, Banu Anlar
Beginning school is an important milestone for children. Children's readiness for school involves cognitive, physical, and emotional development. Certain school programs allow children to start first grade after 66 months of age, together with 72 month-old children. In order to estimate school readiness, we screened children before starting first grade and compared their school performance according to their age and socio-demographic characteristics. Marmara School Readiness, Denver II developmental screening, and language assessment tests were applied...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968867/development-of-the-theory-based-chinese-primary-school-children-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviour-changes-intervention-chirpy-dragon-development-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Bai Li, Wei Jia Liu, Kar Keung Cheng, Miranda Pallan, Kalar Hemming, Emma Frew, Rong Lin, Wei Liu, Peymane Adab
BACKGROUND: The rate of increase in prevalence of childhood obesity in mainland China exceeds the trends observed in other countries. Effective, culturally appropriate prevention interventions are urgently needed to control the epidemic. However, previous programmes lacked rigorous development and evaluation. Using the framework set out by the UK Medical Research Council (MRC), we developed a complex childhood obesity prevention intervention for Chinese primary school children. METHODS: Several different methodologies were employed and iteratively combined in the development process...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929319/effects-of-psychomotor-intervention-program-on-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Sayed ElGarhy, Ting Liu
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a psychomotor intervention program (PIP) on body awareness and psychomotor concepts for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-eight students (23 boys and 5 girls) with ASD participated in this study. Fourteen students with ASD were randomly assigned to the experimental group (12 boys and 2 girls; mean age of 5.48 years), and 14 students were assigned to the control group (11 boys and 3 girls; mean age of 5.2 years). Students in the experimental group were trained with the PIP activities (targeting body awareness, body concepts, space concepts, and time concepts) three times a week for 10 weeks...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921287/differential-third-grade-outcomes-associated-with-attending-publicly-funded-preschool-programs-for-low-income-latino-children
#13
Arya Ansari, Michael Lόpez, Louis Manfra, Charles Bleiker, Laura H B Dinehart, Suzanne C Hartman, Adam Winsler
This study examined the third-grade outcomes of 11,902 low-income Latino children who experienced public school pre-K or child care via subsidies (center-based care) at age 4 in Miami-Dade County, Florida. Regression and propensity score analyses revealed that children who experienced public school pre-K earned higher scores on standardized assessments of math and reading in third grade and had higher grade point averages than those who attended center-based care 4 years earlier. The sustained associations between public school pre-K (vs...
December 6, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915308/self-directed-learning-readiness-of-asian-students-students-perspective-on-a-hybrid-problem-based-learning-curriculum
#14
Lukas D Leatemia, Astrid P Susilo, Henk van Berkel
Objectives: To identify the student's readiness to perform self-directed learning and the underlying factors influencing it on the hybrid problem based learning curriculum. Methods: A combination of quantitative and qualitative studies was conducted in five medical schools in Indonesia. In the quantitative study, the Self Directed Learning Readiness Scale was distributed to all students in all batches, who had experience with the hybrid problem based curriculum...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905904/evaluating-the-implementation-process-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-in-schools
#15
Roosmarijn M C Schelvis, Noortje M Wiezer, Birgitte M Blatter, Joost A G M van Genabeek, Karen M Oude Hengel, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: The importance of process evaluations in examining how and why interventions are (un) successful is increasingly recognized. Process evaluations mainly studied the implementation process and the quality of the implementation (fidelity). However, in adopting this approach for participatory organizational level occupational health interventions, important aspects such as context and participants perceptions are missing. Our objective was to systematically describe the implementation process of a participatory organizational level occupational health intervention aimed at reducing work stress and increasing vitality in two schools by applying a framework that covers aspects of the intervention and its implementation as well as the context and participants perceptions...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893250/variation-in-impacts-of-tulsa-pre-k-on-cognitive-development-in-kindergarten-the-role-of-instructional-support
#16
Anna D Johnson, Anna J Markowitz, Carolyn J Hill, Deborah A Phillips
Public prekindergarten (pre-K) programs have been a recent focus of policy and research attention, in part because of their empirically documented, positive short-term impacts on child cognitive development and school readiness. However, no studies have explored factors that might explain variation across schools in public pre-K impacts. The current study examines the Tulsa Public School pre-K program's impacts on children's letter-word identification, spelling, and applied problem-solving skills at kindergarten entry...
December 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886390/green-yellow-and-red-risk-perception-in-everyday-life-a-communication-tool
#17
A Stensgaard, A DunnGalvin, D Nielsen, M Munch, C Bindslev-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents have the highest risk for food allergy-related fatalities. Our main aim was to investigate the level of risk in everyday social situations as perceived by adolescents/young adults with peanut allergy, their families and their friends. METHODS: The web-based 'Colours Of Risks' (COR) questionnaire was completed by 70 patients (aged 12-23 years), 103 mothers and fathers, 31 siblings (aged 12-26 years), and 42 friends (aged 12-24 years). COR deals with six main contexts (home, school/university, work, visiting/social activities, special occasions/parties, and vacations), each with 1-12 items...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873222/young-children-s-developmental-ecologies-and-kindergarten-readiness
#18
Stefanie Mollborn
Children enter the crucial transition to school with sociodemographic disparities firmly established. Domain-specific research (e.g., on poverty and family structure) has shed light on these disparities, but we need broader operationalizations of children's environments to explain them. Building on existing theory, this study articulates the concept of developmental ecology-those interrelated features of a child's proximal environment that shape development and health. Developmental ecology links structural and demographic factors with interactional, psychological, and genetic factors...
December 2016: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867447/the-roles-of-school-readiness-and-poverty-related-risk-for-6-th-grade-outcomes
#19
Emily Pressler, C Cybele Raver, Allison H Friedman-Krauss, Amanda Roy
Low-income students are at increased risk for grade retention and suspension, which dampens their chances of high school graduation, college attendance, and future success. Drawing from a sample of 357 children and their families who participated in the Chicago School Readiness Project, we examine whether greater exposure to cumulative poverty-related risk from preschool through 5(th) grade is associated with greater risk of student retention and suspension in 6(th) grade. Logistic regression results indicate that exposure to higher levels of cumulative risk across the elementary school years is associated with students' increased risk of retention in 6(th) grade, even after controlling for child school readiness skills and other covariates...
2016: Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836126/developing-a-process-for-expansion-of-community-pharmacy-residency-sites
#20
Stefanie P Ferreri, Patrick Brown, Valerie B Clinard
OBJECTIVE: The development of guidelines for community pharmacy residency site expansion is described. SUMMARY: During the past 20 years, community pharmacy residency programs have grown in number. Most community residencies were initiated and accredited through schools of pharmacy with faculty members dedicated to the oversight and growth. Because of the interest in residency expansion from sites, a systematic process was needed to determine whether a site was resident ready...
November 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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