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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777541/developmental-transactions-between-self-regulation-and-academic-achievement-among-low-income-african-american-and-latino-children
#1
Britain Mills, Nazly Dyer, Daniel Pacheco, Dawn Brinkley, Margaret T Owen, Margaret O Caughy
This study examined the development of emerging self-regulation (SR) skills across the preschool years and relations to academic achievement in kindergarten and first grade. SR skills of 403 low-income African American and Latino children were measured at 2&1/2, 3&1/2, and 5 years (kindergarten). Reading and math skills were measured at 5 and 6 years (first grade) using the Woodcock-Johnson. Transactional relations between SR skills and achievement outcomes were estimated with latent difference score models...
May 19, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751834/a-method-to-develop-vocabulary-checklists-in-new-languages-and-their-validity-to-assess-early-language-development
#2
Elizabeth L Prado, John Phuka, Eugenia Ocansey, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn, Ulla Ashorn, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Brietta M Oaks, Anna Lartey, Kathryn G Dewey
BACKGROUND: Since the adoption of United Nations' Sustainable Goal 4.2 to ensure that all children have access to quality early child development (ECD) so that they are ready for primary education, the demand for valid ECD assessments has increased in contexts where they do not yet exist. The development of early language ability is important for school readiness. Our objective was to evaluate the validity of a method to develop vocabulary checklists in new languages to assess early language development, based on the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729211/is-school-community-perception-of-student-weight-status-a-barrier-for-addressing-childhood-obesity
#3
Jennifer Marks, Lisa M Barnett, Steven Allender
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Schools are a target for childhood obesity prevention strategies, yet intervention effectiveness may be hindered by school community perceptions (staff and students) and readiness to address the problem. We firstly describe students' perception of their own weight status. Secondly, we describe school staff perceptions and preparedness to address childhood obesity in their school. METHODS: Measured and self-report weight status were collected simultaneously from 11-14 year old students (N=339/733; RR 46%) recruited from 42 schools in Victoria, Australia...
May 5, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720124/ehls-at-school-school-age-follow-up-of-the-early-home-learning-study-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Elizabeth M Westrupp, Clair Bennett, Meabh Cullinane, Naomi J Hackworth, Donna Berthelsen, Sheena Reilly, Fiona K Mensah, Lisa Gold, Shannon K Bennetts, Penny Levickis, Jan M Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Targeted interventions during early childhood can assist families in providing strong foundations that promote children's health and wellbeing across the life course. There is growing recognition that longer follow-up times are necessary to assess intervention outcomes, as effects may change as children develop. The Early Home Learning Study, or 'EHLS', comprised two cluster randomized controlled superiority trials of a brief parenting intervention, smalltalk, aimed at supporting parents to strengthen the early childhood home learning environment of infants (6-12 months) or toddlers (12-36 months)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720095/addressing-knowledge-gaps-and-prevention-for-tuberculosis-infected-indian-adults-a-vital-part-of-elimination
#5
Andrea DeLuca, Gauri Dhumal, Mandar Paradkar, Nishi Suryavanshi, Vidya Mave, Rewa Kohli, Shri Vijay Bala Yogendra Shivakumar, Vidula Hulyolkar, Archana Gaikwad, Ashwini Nangude, Geeta Pardeshi, Dileep Kadam, Amita Gupta
BACKGROUND: India plans to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) by 2025, and has identified screening and prevention as key activities. Household contacts (HHCs) of index TB cases are a high-risk population that would benefit from rapid implementation of these strategies. However, best practices for TB prevention and knowledge gaps among HHCs have not been studied. We evaluated TB knowledge and understanding of prevention among tuberculin skin-test (TST) positive HHCs. While extensive information is available in other high-burden settings regarding TB knowledge gaps, identifying how Indian adult contacts view their transmission risk and prevention options may inform novel screening algorithms and education efforts that will be part of the new elimination plan...
May 2, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717072/assessing-dental-students-readiness-to-treat-populations-that-are-underserved-a-scoping-review
#6
REVIEW
Linda Furlini, Nioushah Noushi, Geneviève Castonguay, Paul Allison, Christophe Bedos, Raphael De Souza, Shahrokh Esfandiari, Richard Hovey, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Martin Morris, Belinda Nicolau, Frances Power, Jocelyne Feine
In North America, all dental schools have adopted some form of community-based dental education (CBDE) or service-learning, but little is known about the areas being researched and reported in published studies. The aim of this study was to conduct a scoping review to determine what areas of research had been conducted to determine the effects of CBDE on dental students' readiness to treat populations that are underserved. A systematic search of articles published in English or French since 2000 was performed on July 29, 2015, and combined quantitative and qualitative synthesis of data was conducted...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714428/parents-views-on-toilet-training-a-cross-sectional-study-in-flanders
#7
Tinne Van Aggelpoel, Stefan De Wachter, Guido Van Hal, Kelly Van der Cruyssen, Hedwig Neels, Alexandra Vermandel
AIMS: The goals of this research were to investigate parents' perceptions of toilet training and their beliefs and views on how to toilet train children. METHODS: Questionnaires were provided to parents of healthy children, aged 18-72 months, who were or had just finished toilet training. There were 928 questionnaires returned (38% response rate). After correcting for age compliance with the range stated in the study, 832 parents remained. RESULTS: The data confirm a postponement of the age at which children start to potty train and the age at which they are toilet training...
May 1, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689126/the-variables-associated-with-health-promotion-behaviors-among-urban-black-women
#8
Millie Hepburn
PURPOSE: To improve understanding of variables impacting health promotion behaviors among urban Black women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was used. Urban Black women (N = 132) between the ages of 30 to 64 years participated. SETTING: The study was conducted in a U.S. metropolitan region in 2015. MEASURES: Health literacy (Newest Vital Sign [NVS]), self-efficacy (New General Self-Efficacy Scale [NGSE]), and readiness for change (Health Risk Instrument [HRI]) were correlated with health promotion behaviors (Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile II [HPLPII])...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689057/impacts-2-years-after-a-scalable-early-childhood-development-intervention-to-increase-psychosocial-stimulation-in-the-home-a-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-colombia
#9
Alison Andrew, Orazio Attanasio, Emla Fitzsimons, Sally Grantham-McGregor, Costas Meghir, Marta Rubio-Codina
BACKGROUND: Poor early childhood development (ECD) in low- and middle-income countries is a major concern. There are calls to universalise access to ECD interventions through integrating them into existing government services but little evidence on the medium- or long-term effects of such scalable models. We previously showed that a psychosocial stimulation (PS) intervention integrated into a cash transfer programme improved Colombian children's cognition, receptive language, and home stimulation...
April 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686492/transitioning-from-medical-school-to-residency-evaluation-of-an-innovative-immersion-rotation-for-pgy-1-paediatric-residents
#10
Stéphanie Vairy, Olivier Jamoulle, Arielle Levy, Ana Carceller
Transition from medical school to residency is stressful due to new responsibilities in patient care. Objective: To evaluate a new immersion curriculum on the transition from medical school to paediatric residency and its implications for future use in paediatric education. Methods: In July 2013, a month-rotation offering one-third of time for clinical rounds and two-thirds of time for formal courses was conducted for postgraduate year 1 residents beginning paediatric residency training...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665629/evaluation-of-a-systematic-career-coaching-program-for-medical-students-in-korea-using-the-career-readiness-inventory
#11
Yera Hur, A Ra Cho, Eun Ji Song, Sun Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to apply a systematic career coaching program to medical students and to evaluate its effectiveness. Methods: First year medical students from September to December in 2016 and 2017 of Konyang medical college experienced the FLEX Mentoring II: Career Coaching Program which had 16 sessions, 32hrs in total. The students took the 'career readiness inventory (CRI)' before the program and also after as a pre and post evaluation of the program...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660963/readiness-to-recognize-a-qualitative-case-study-of-educational-identification-of-tbi
#12
David Greene, Pat L Sample, Nicole Johns, Maureen Palmer
BACKGROUND: The educational identification (ED-ID) of students with traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been legislated in numerous states, and TBI has become its own special education category. Questions abound as to whether these changes will lead to more readily identifying these students to provide appropriate special education supports. OBJECTIVE: Elucidate one state's response to legislative changes around ED-ID of TBI. METHODS: This is a phenomenological case study of nine school districts in one state...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652220/meeting-the-needs-of-young-adolescents-abbl-anti-bullying-program-during-middle-school-transition
#13
Małgorzata Wójcik, Anna M Hełka
This article introduces ABBL, the anti-bullying program for the transition to middle school, which was designed as a free, feasible, and easily applicable solution for teachers who, for any reason, cannot take advantage of comprehensive anti-bullying school-based programs. The ABBL, based on the identification of the causal risk factors and mechanisms that lead to bullying, aims to influence the peer group in such a way that students do not reward antisocial behaviors and are, instead, able to create supportive class atmospheres and strong networks of personal attachments...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651305/student-perceptions-of-the-education-environment-in-a-spanish-medical-podiatry-school
#14
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, César Calvo-Lobo, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Daniel López-López
Background: The aim of this study was to explore students' perceptions of the educational environment (EE) in a Spanish school of podiatry. Various aspects of EE were compared by academic year in the program. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using a questionnaire to collect perceptions using data from a 2015 survey. Podiatric medical students from Extremadura University participated in this study. EE was assessed with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) tool...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621804/a-multiyear-population-based-study-of-kindergarten-language-screening-failure-rates-using-the-rice-wexler-test-of-early-grammatical-impairment
#15
Brian Weiler, C Melanie Schuele, Jacob I Feldman, Hannah Krimm
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, over 2 separate school years, the school-district-wide failure rate of kindergartners on a screener of grammatical tense marking-the Rice Wexler Test of Early Grammatical Impairment (TEGI) Screening Test (Rice & Wexler, 2001)-composed of past tense (PT) and third-person singular (3S) probes. Method: In the fall of 2 consecutive school years, consented and eligible kindergartners (n = 148 in Year 1, n = 126 in Year 2) in a rural southern school district were administered the TEGI Screening Test...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621795/unique-contributors-to-the-curriculum-from-research-to-practice-for-speech-language-pathologists-in-schools
#16
Rachel K Powell
Purpose: This lead article of the Clinical Forum focuses on the research that supports why speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are an integral part of the overarching curriculum for all students in schools. Method: Focus on education has shifted to student performance in our global world, specifically in college and career readiness standards. This article reviews recommendations on best practice from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association on SLPs' roles in schools, as well as data on school-based services...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620578/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-isprint-a-sport-injury-prevention-program-in-junior-high-schools
#17
Sarah A Richmond, Alex Donaldson, Alison Macpherson, William Bridel, Carla van den Berg, Caroline F Finch, Brent Hagel, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: Sport injury is the leading cause of hospitalization in Canadian youth and represents a high burden to the health care system. This study aims to describe the facilitators and barriers to implementation of a sport injury prevention program in junior high school physical education (known as iSPRINT), previously shown to reduce the risk of sport-related injury in youth (age, 11-15 years). METHODS: Focus group data were mapped onto constructs from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617366/cross-sectional-associations-of-screen-time-and-outdoor-play-with-social-skills-in-preschool-children
#18
Trina Hinkley, Helen Brown, Valerie Carson, Megan Teychenne
Screen time and physical activity behaviours develop during the crucial early childhood period (0-5 years) and impact multiple health and developmental outcomes, including psychosocial wellbeing. Social skills, one component of psychosocial wellbeing, are vital for children's school readiness and future mental health. This study investigates potential associations of screen time and outdoor play (as a proxy for physical activity) with social skills. Cross sectional data were available for 575 mothers with a child (54% boys) aged 2-5 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610713/ultrasound-for-volume-assessment-in-patients-with-shock-effectiveness-of-an-educational-intervention-for-fourth-year-medical-students
#19
Paul Kukulski, Michael Ward, Keme Carter
Objective Shock is a common emergency condition with high morbidity and mortality, and judicious fluid resuscitation can significantly affect outcomes. The use of a bedside echocardiogram and evaluation of the inferior vena cava (IVC) via ultrasound (US) for collapsibility can predict volume status. Additionally, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA) 10 states that residents need to be able to address a patient with a critical illness, including hypotension, on Day 1 of residency...
January 30, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606516/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-the-influenza-virus-and-vaccine-among-older-adults-in-eastern-china
#20
Rachael Wendlandt, B J Cowling, Yuyun Chen, Fiona Havers, Pat Shifflett, Ying Song, Ran Zhang, Danielle Iuliano, Cuiling Xu, Hongie Yu, Jun Zhang, Hongjun Zhang, Fenyang Tang, Mark Thompson
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the association between socio-demographic and health characteristics of older adults in Eastern China and knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) about the influenza virus and vaccine. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 1506 older adults (aged ≥60 years) was enrolled from November to December 2015 in Jiangsu Province. We examined the association between demographics, health and functional status, and cognitive impairment at enrollment with awareness of influenza virus and vaccine and KAP items focused on five Health Belief Model domains...
March 29, 2018: Vaccine
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