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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277156/maternal-self-efficacy-postpartum-depression-and-their-relationship-with-functional-status-in-iranian-mothers
#1
Fahimeh Fathi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Readiness to care for family, infant, and self are important during the postpartum period. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships of self-efficacy and postpartum depressive symptoms with functional status in randomly sampled Iranian mothers (n = 437). The study was cross-sectional and conducted in 2015. The mean (SD) of the total functional status score was 2.3 (0.2) out of a possible score of 1-4. The maximum and minimum scores in infant care were 4.0 and 2.2 and, in social and community activity, levels were 3...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275426/child-maltreatment-between-knowledge-attitude-and-beliefs-among-saudi-pediatricians-pediatric-residency-trainees-and-medical-students
#2
Yossef Alnasser, Amani Albijadi, Waad Abdullah, Dana Aldabeeb, Alanoud Alomair, Sara Alsaddiqi, Yara Alsalloum
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is not included in Saudi medical schools and pediatric residency curriculums, which might limit knowledge and spread misconceptions. Additionally, physicians might have different attitudes regarding reporting child abuse and neglect. In this study, we hypothesize that medical students and pediatric trainees have limited knowledge, oblivious attitude and misbeliefs regarding child maltreatment in comparison to experienced pediatricians. But, medical students and trainees might hold higher motives and willingness to learn about child maltreatment and their consequences...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274789/teacher-perceptions-of-multilevel-policies-and-the-influence-on-nutrition-education-in-north-carolina-head-start-preschools
#3
Amanda D Peterson, L Suzanne Goodell, Archana Hegde, Virginia C Stage
OBJECTIVE: To develop a theory that explains the process of how teachers' perception of multilevel policies may influence nutrition education (NE) teaching strategies in Head Start preschools. DESIGN: Semistructured telephone interviews. SETTING: North Carolina Head Start preschools. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two Head Start teachers. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: All interviews were transcribed verbatim. Following a grounded theory approach, authors coded interview data for emergent themes...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260240/cost-effectiveness-of-ready-for-recess-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children
#4
Hongmei Wang, Tao Li, Mohammad Siahpush, Li-Wu Chen, Jennifer Huberty
BACKGROUND: Many school-based recess interventions have been shown to be effective in increasing physical activity but their relative efficiency compared to other school-based programs are unknown. This study examined the cost-effectiveness of Ready for Recess, a program designed to increase students' physical activity in 2 elementary schools. METHODS: Standard cost-effectiveness analysis method was used from a program's perspective for this study. Program effectiveness was measured as total metabolic equivalent (MET) hours gained...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257586/late-talkers-a-population-based-study-of-risk-factors-and-school-readiness-consequences
#5
Carol Scheffner Hammer, Paul Morgan, George Farkas, Marianne Hillemeier, Dana Bitetti, Steve Maczuga
Purpose: This study was designed to (a) identify sociodemographic, pregnancy and birth, family health, and parenting and child care risk factors for being a late talker at 24 months of age; (b) determine whether late talkers continue to have low vocabulary at 48 months; and (c) investigate whether being a late talker plays a unique role in children's school readiness at 60 months. Method: We analyzed data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, a population-based sample of 9,600 children...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240651/family-socioeconomic-status-moderates-associations-between-television-viewing-and-school-readiness-skills
#6
Andrew Ribner, Caroline Fitzpatrick, Clancy Blair
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the negative relation between television viewing that exceeds the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and school readiness varied by family income. METHODS: Data were collected from 807 children from diverse backgrounds. Parents reported hours of television viewing, as well as family income. Children were assessed using measures of math, knowledge of letters and words, and executive function (EF). RESULTS: Television viewing was negatively associated with math and EF but not with letter and word knowledge...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197124/profiles-of-social-emotional-readiness-for-4-year-old-kindergarten
#7
Michele M Miller, H Hill Goldsmith
Children who are viewed as ready for kindergarten and/or first grade typically exhibit high attention, approach, and adaptability coupled with low activity and reactivity. These characteristics tend to be especially valued by teachers and describe a child who is "teachable," or school ready. Since many children enter formal schooling earlier by attending pre-K for 4-year olds, often called 4-year-old kindergarten, there is a need to examine school readiness earlier than kindergarten, which may look very different developmentally...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195326/processes-of-early-childhood-interventions-to-adult-well-being
#8
Arthur J Reynolds, Suh-Ruu Ou, Christina F Mondi, Momoko Hayakawa
This article describes the contributions of cognitive-scholastic advantage, family support behavior, and school quality and support as processes through which early childhood interventions promote well-being. Evidence in support of these processes is from longitudinal cohort studies of the Child-Parent Centers and other preventive interventions beginning by age 4. Relatively large effects of participation have been documented for school readiness skills at age 5, parent involvement, K-12 achievement, remedial education, educational attainment, and crime prevention...
February 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194394/assessment-of-school-readiness-in-chronic-cholestatic-liver-disease-a-pilot-study-examining-children-with-and-without-liver-transplantation
#9
Anna Gold, Alaine Rogers, Elizabeth Cruchley, Stephanie Rankin, Arpita Parmar, Binita M Kamath, Yaron Avitzur, Vicky Lee Ng
Background. Assessment of school readiness evaluates physical, social-emotional, and neuropsychological domains essential for educational success. Cognitive testing of preschool aged children with chronic liver disease may guide more timely interventions and focused efforts by health care providers. Patients and Methods. Children with chronic cholestatic liver disease diagnosed as an infant and still with their native liver (NL) and children who received a liver transplant (LT) before age of 2 years underwent testing with a battery of well-validated pediatric psychometric measures...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187363/epilepsy-birth-weight-and-academic-school-readiness-in-canadian-children-data-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-children-and-youth
#10
A N Prasad, B Corbett
PURPOSE: Birth weight is an important indicator of prenatal/in-utero environment. Variations in birth weight have been reportedly associated with risks for cognitive problems. The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) dataset was explored to examine relationships between birth weight, academic school readiness and epilepsy. METHODS: A population based sample of 32,900 children of the NLSCY were analyzed to examine associations between birth weight, and school readiness scores in 4-5-year-old children...
February 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181248/i-spatial-skills-their-development-and-their-links-to-mathematics
#11
Brian N Verdine, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Nora S Newcombe
Understanding the development of spatial skills is important for promoting school readiness and improving overall success in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields (e.g., Wai, Lubinski, Benbow, & Steiger, 2010). Children use their spatial skills to understand the world, including visualizing how objects fit together, and can practice them via spatial assembly activities (e.g., puzzles or blocks). These skills are incorporated into measures of overall intelligence and have been linked to success in subjects like mathematics (Mix & Cheng, 2012) and science (Pallrand & Seeber, 1984; Pribyl & Bodner, 1987)...
March 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164385/learning-to-prescribe-through-co-working-junior-doctors-pharmacists-and-consultants
#12
Christy Noble, Stephen Billett
CONTEXT: Learning to prescribe is challenging for junior doctors. Significant efforts have been made to improve prescribing education, especially in view of the high rates of prescribing errors made by junior doctors. However, considerations of educational options often overlook the fact that learning to prescribe and prescribing practices rely on practice-based interactions with informed practitioners, such as pharmacists and consultants. Pharmacists have long made important contributions to developing prescribing capacities...
February 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143821/the-effectiveness-of-tbl-with-real-patients-in-neurology-education-in-terms-of-knowledge-retention-in-class-engagement-and-learner-reactions
#13
Mustafa Kemal Alimoglu, Selda Yardım, Hilmi Uysal
In our medical school, we changed from a lecture-based method to a team-based learning (TBL) method to teach "polyneuropathies" in the neurology clerkship starting from the 2014 to 2015 academic year. Real patients were used instead of written scenarios in TBL sessions. This study aimed to compare former lecture-based and the current TBL methods in terms of knowledge retention, in-class learner engagement, and learner reactions. First, we determined in-class engagement and satisfaction of the students for the lectures given in the 2013-2014 academic year...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141719/-more-than-meets-the-eye-when-the-neonatal-course-may-impact-several-years-out
#14
Fadiyla Dopwell, John Maypole, Bharati Sinha, Heidi Currier, William DeBassio, Marilyn Augustyn
Nadia is a 7-year-old girl who you have followed since her discharge from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Her parents are here today for an urgent visit with behavioral concerns, such as inattention, hyperactivity, and aggression.Nadia is a former 40-weeker born through vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery at 9 pounds 7 ounces. Her delivery was complicated with shoulder dystocia, which resulted in resuscitation. Her Apgar scores were 1, 3, and 4 at 1, 5, and 10 minutes, respectively. After intubation and stabilization on mechanical ventilation, Nadia was transferred to the NICU...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130896/social-skills-and-school-readiness-in-young-children-exposed-to-violence
#15
Monique M LeBlanc, Seandra J Cosgrove, Kimberly B David
Witnessing violence is associated with negative outcomes for preschool-aged children, including lowered school readiness; however, not all children evidence negative outcome, indicating the presence of protective factors. This study examined social skills as a moderator of the relation between violence exposure and school readiness in preschool-aged children. Seventy-eight children completed a measure of school readiness, and their caregiver completed measures of social skills, witnessed violence exposure, and direct victimization...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114646/cognitive-training-for-adults-with-bothersome-tinnitus-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Dorina Kallogjeri, Jay F Piccirillo, Edward Spitznagel, Sandra Hale, Joyce E Nicklaus, Frances Mei Hardin, Joshua S Shimony, Rebecca S Coalson, Bradley L Schlaggar
Importance: Individuals with tinnitus have poorer working memory, slower processing speeds and reaction times, and deficiencies in selective attention, all of which interfere with readiness and performance. Brain Fitness Program-Tinnitus (BFP-T) is a cognitive training program specially designed to exploit neuroplasticity for preservation and expansion of cognitive health in adults with tinnitus. Objective: To evaluate the effect of the BFP-T on tinnitus. Design, Setting, and Participants: This open-label, intention-to-treat randomized clinical trial prescreened 191 patients with tinnitus and 64 healthy controls (HCs) from June 1, 2012, through October 31, 2013...
January 19, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099127/prevalence-risk-factors-and-consequences-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-schoolchildren-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kashmir-india
#17
Mohd Ashraf Ganie, Gulzar Ahmad Bhat, Ishfaq Ahmad Wani, Aafia Rashid, Showkat Ali Zargar, Bashir Ahmad Charoo, Zaffar Amin Shah, Syed Mudassar
BACKGROUND: Obesity among children and adolescents is a growing public health problem. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and metabolic consequences of obesity among schoolchildren from Kashmir, India. METHODS: The study subjects (n=2024) included 870 boys and 1154 girls, aged between 6 and 18 years. Data were collected by interviewer-administered questionnaires. Information was obtained about different lifestyles, anthropometric parameters and dietary habits...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095505/can-early-intervention-improve-maternal-well-being-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Orla Doyle, Liam Delaney, Christine O'Farrelly, Nick Fitzpatrick, Michael Daly
OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the effect of a targeted early childhood intervention program on global and experienced measures of maternal well-being utilizing a randomized controlled trial design. The primary aim of the intervention is to improve children's school readiness skills by working directly with parents to improve their knowledge of child development and parenting behavior. One potential externality of the program is well-being benefits for parents given its direct focus on improving parental coping, self-efficacy, and problem solving skills, as well as generating an indirect effect on parental well-being by targeting child developmental problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065945/dream-of-a-conducive-learning-environment-one-dreem-for-all-medical-students
#19
Rehana Rehman, Kulsoom Ghias, Syeda Sadia Fatima, Mehwish Hussain, Faiza Alam
OBJECTIVE: To compare students' response assessed by Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure on the basis of the year of study, gender and pre-medical educational background. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan, from June 2014 to March 2015, and comprised medical students. The average scores of Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure scales and subscales were compared between gender and educational background...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050403/effects-of-storytelling-based-education-in-the-prevention-of-drug-abuse-among-adolescents-in-iran-based-on-a-readiness-to-addiction-index
#20
Mahdieh Poodineh Moghadam, Mahdieh Sari, Abbas Balouchi, Farah Madarshahian, Khadijeh Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: One of the most effective strategies in the prevention of addiction is increasing awareness among young people, towards the tendency for taking drugs their physical, mental and social side effects. Storytelling is effective for increasing characteristics of happiness and resilience. This study uses storytelling, a common and popular method to increase awareness among adolescents. AIM: To examine the effect of storytelling-based education on the prevention of drug abuse, based on a readiness to addiction index...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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