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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933883/not-just-numeracy-and-literacy-theory-of-mind-development-and-school-readiness-among-low-income-children
#1
Elizabeth Woodburn Cavadel, Douglas A Frye
The current study investigated the role of theory of mind development in school readiness among 120 low-income preschool and kindergarten children. A short-term longitudinal design was used to examine relations among theory of mind, the understanding of teaching, and learning behaviors and their collective role in children's literacy and numeracy skills at school entry. Results replicate differences in theory of mind development among low-income children as compared to typically studied, higher-income samples...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929386/a-pre-post-evaluation-of-openminds-a-sustainable-peer-led-mental-health-literacy-programme-in-universities-and-secondary-schools
#2
Praveetha Patalay, Jennifer Annis, Helen Sharpe, Robbie Newman, Dominic Main, Thivvia Ragunathan, Mary Parkes, Kelly Clarke
Engaging young people in the design and delivery of mental health education could lead to more effective interventions; however, few of these interventions have been evaluated. This study aimed to gain preliminary evidence with regards to the efficacy and acceptability of OpenMinds: a peer-designed and facilitated mental health literacy programme for university and secondary school students. The programme involves a structured programme of education and training for university medical students, who then deliver workshops in secondary schools...
September 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921487/family-support-and-gains-in-school-readiness-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Claire Hughes, Naomi White, Sarah Foley, Rory T Devine
BACKGROUND: Traditional measures of school readiness are labour-intensive and do not assess family support. AIMS: The current study used the newly developed Brief Early Skills and Support Index (BESSI: Hughes, Daly, Foley, White and Devine 2015) to examine 6-month longitudinal stability and change in teachers' ratings of young children's school readiness and investigate the role of family support as a predictor of school readiness. SAMPLE: Five hundred and seventy-eight children (270 boys; 74...
September 17, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919666/the-selection-of-preschool-for-immigrant-and-native-born-latino-families-in-the-united-states
#4
Arya Ansari
With the national push to expand preschool education, there has been growing interest in understanding why Latino families are enrolled in preschool at lower rates than non-Latino families. This study applied the accommodations model by Meyers and Jordan (2006) to the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n = 5,850) to provide a more nuanced understanding of the preschool selection of U.S.- and foreign-born Latino families. Results from this investigation underscored the similarities and differences that existed in the selection behaviors of different groups of families, while also highlighting important differences within the Latino population...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918760/effects-of-a-school-readiness-intervention-on-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-axis-functioning-and-school-adjustment-for-children-in-foster-care
#5
Alice M Graham, Katherine C Pears, Hyoun K Kim, Jacqueline Bruce, Philip A Fisher
Maltreated children in foster care are at high risk for dysregulated hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning and educational difficulties. The present study examined the effects of a short-term school readiness intervention on HPA axis functioning in response to the start of kindergarten, a critical transition marking entry to formal schooling, and whether altered HPA axis functioning influenced children's school adjustment. Compared to a foster care comparison group, children in the intervention group showed a steeper diurnal cortisol slope on the first day of school, a pattern previously observed among nonmaltreated children...
September 18, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910130/and-still-we-rise-parent-child-relationships-resilience-and-school-readiness-in-low-income-urban-black-families
#6
Riana Elyse Anderson
The Family Stress Model acknowledges forms of resilience in the face of hardship; however, few studies have emerged on the potentially positive role of familial relationships in the academic, psychological, and prosocial success of impoverished Black children. The current study evaluates how parent-child relationship conflict and financial stress are associated with children's school readiness (i.e., academic, psychosocial, and socioemotional indicators). Latent profile analyses, incorporating financial stress, general stress, and parent-child relationship variables were used to test whether varying family stress profiles differentially predicted children's school readiness in Black families with children entering kindergarten (N = 292)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893341/validation-of-a-survey-to-examine-drinking-water-access-practices-and-policies-in-schools
#7
Amelie A Hecht, Jacob M Grumbach, Karla E Hampton, Kenneth Hecht, Ellen Braff-Guajardo, Claire D Brindis, Charles E McCulloch, Anisha I Patel
OBJECTIVE: Ensuring ready access to free drinking-water in schools is an important strategy for prevention of obesity and dental caries, and for improving student learning. Yet to date, there are no validated instruments to examine water access in schools. The present study aimed to develop and validate a survey of school administrators to examine school access to beverages, including water and sports drinks, and school and district-level water-related policies and practices. DESIGN: Survey validity was measured by comparing results of telephone surveys of school administrators with on-site observations of beverage access and reviews of school policy documents for any references to beverages...
September 12, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840095/food-insecurity-and-physical-activity-insecurity-among-rural-oregon-families
#8
Katherine B Gunter, Jennifer Jackson, Emily J Tomayko, Deborah H John
Among rural families, rates of both child obesity and household food insecurity (FI) are higher compared to non-rural families. These disparities result from a complex interplay of social and environmental conditions that influence behavior. The Transtheoretical Model suggests individual readiness to change underlies success in modifying obesity-preventing behaviors; however, whether an association between readiness to change obesity-related behaviors and FI status among rural families exists is unknown. We examined the association between readiness to change family-level nutrition and physical activity (PA) behaviors that predict child obesity and family FI status within a sample of rural families to better understand these relationships...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836982/food-consumption-patterns-of-adolescents-aged-14-16%C3%A2-years-in-kolkata-india
#9
Neha Rathi, Lynn Riddell, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND: The nutrition transition has brought about rapid changes in the structure of the Indian diet. The replacement of traditional home-cooked meals with ready-to-eat, processed foods has contributed to an increased risk of chronic diseases in urban Indians. Improving the nutrition of Indians by promoting healthy food consumption in early life and in adolescence would help to reduce these health risks. However, little is known about the quality and quantity of foods and beverages consumed by urban Indian adolescents...
August 24, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793918/key-stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-barriers-and-solutions-to-pharmacy-practice-towards-complementary-medicines-an-australian-experience
#10
Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Joanna Harnett, Hao Hu
BACKGROUND: Although pharmacists are entrusted to play a role in ensuring the safe and appropriate use of all medicines, in general, the inclusion of complementary medicines (CMs) into their professional practice has not been observed. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and opinions of pharmacists and 8 key stakeholder leaders regarding the barriers that hinder pharmacists from providing care related to the use of CMs by patients/consumers and to identify solutions that would support pharmacists' in extending their role in this area...
August 9, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793153/a-collaborative-model-for-return-to-academics-after-concussion-athletic-training-and-speech-language-pathology
#11
Sarah A Dachtyl, Pedro Morales
Purpose: In this article, we describe an academic concussion management protocol designed for grades Pre-K to 12, called Cognitive Return to Exertion (CoRTEx). Collaboration between the speech-language pathologist (SLP) and athletic trainer (AT) is highlighted. Method: A description of CoRTEx is provided, and the need for collaboration is emphasized. A case study illustrates an example of how CoRTEx can be implemented at the individual student level. Results: A total of 165 students went through CoRTEx from the pilot in April 2014 through December 2016...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782346/-konkoor-giant-a-narrative-of-high-school-female-students-from-gorgan-iran
#12
Sahar Arab, Tayebe Ziaei, Nasser Behnampour, Elham Khoori
Background The university entrance exam or Konkoor is a determining event for the Iranian adolescents and their families. It is considered as the most important opportunity for adolescents for creating their ideal futures. Hence, regarding the importance of this exam and its accompanying pressures during the critical and stressful adolescence period, this study describes adolescents' perspective about what make them worried about the university entrance exam. Methods This study is based on responses of 500 high school female students to an open-ended question completed in their class...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777339/changes-in-consumer-attitudes-toward-broad-based-and-environment-specific-sodium-policies-summerstyles-2012-and-2015
#13
Erika C Odom, Corine Whittick, Xin Tong, Katherine A John, Mary E Cogswell
We examined temporal changes in consumer attitudes toward broad-based actions and environment-specific policies to limit sodium in restaurants, manufactured foods, and school and workplace cafeterias from the 2012 and 2015 SummerStyle surveys. We used two online, national research panel surveys to conduct a cross-sectional analysis of 7845 U.S. adults. Measures included self-reported agreement with broad-based actions and environment-specific policies to limit sodium in restaurants, manufactured foods, school cafeterias, workplace cafeterias, and quick-serve restaurants...
August 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771648/survey-of-hospital-employees-personal-preparedness-and-willingness-to-work-following-a-disaster
#14
Jane H Brice, David Gregg, Dalton Sawyer, Julianne M Cyr
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the personal readiness of hospital staff for disasters. As many as 30% of hospital staff say that they plan not to report for work during a large-scale disaster. We sought to understand the personal disaster preparedness for hospital staff. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to the staff of a large academic tertiary-care hospital by either a paper-based version distributed through the departmental safety coordinators or a Web-based version distributed through employee e-mail services, depending on employee familiarity with and access to computer services...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771418/quality-early-education-and-child-care-from-birth-to-kindergarten
#15
Elaine A Donoghue
High-quality early education and child care for young children improves physical and cognitive outcomes for the children and can result in enhanced school readiness. Preschool education can be viewed as an investment (especially for at-risk children), and studies show a positive return on that investment. Barriers to high-quality early childhood education include inadequate funding and staff education as well as variable regulation and enforcement. Steps that have been taken to improve the quality of early education and child care include creating multidisciplinary, evidence-based child care practice standards; establishing state quality rating and improvement systems; improving federal and state regulations; providing child care health consultation; as well as initiating other innovative partnerships...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759782/intergenerational-associations-in-executive-function-between-mothers-and-children-in-the-context-of-risk
#16
Matthew H Kim, Lisa Shimomaeda, Ryan J Giuliano, Elizabeth A Skowron
Executive functioning (EF) is critical for school readiness and other important life skills. Previous investigations have often neglected the important influence of parental EF skills in shaping their own children's EF. This study attempted to replicate recent empirical work that has shown that maternal EF is positively related to child EF. An ecological theoretical framework was used to examine the maternal EF-child EF link in family environments characterized by significant risk and socioeconomic adversity...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758782/shape-up-an-eye-tracking-study-of-preschoolers-shape-name-processing-and-spatial-development
#17
Brian N Verdine, Ann Bunger, Angeliki Athanasopoulou, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek
Learning the names of geometric shapes is at the intersection of early spatial, mathematical, and language skills, all important for school-readiness and predictors of later abilities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). We investigated whether socioeconomic status (SES) influenced children's processing of shape names and whether differences in processing were predictive of later spatial skills. Three-year-olds (N = 79) with mothers of varying education levels participated in an eye-tracking task that required them to look at named shapes...
July 31, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751486/profiles-of-children-s-social-emotional-health-at-school-entry-and-associated-income-gender-and-language-inequalities-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study-in-british-columbia-canada
#18
Kimberly C Thomson, Martin Guhn, Chris G Richardson, Tavinder K Ark, Jean Shoveller
OBJECTIVES: Early identification of distinct patterns of child social-emotional strengths and vulnerabilities has the potential to improve our understanding of child mental health and well-being; however, few studies have explored natural groupings of indicators of child vulnerability and strengths at a population level. The purpose of this study was to examine heterogeneity in the patterns of young children's social and emotional health and investigate the extent to which sociodemographic characteristics were associated...
July 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748086/area-health-education-center-ahec-programs-for-rural-and-underrepresented-minority-students-in-the-alabama-black-belt
#19
Ashruta Patel, Regina J Knox, Alicia Logan, Katie Summerville
BACKGROUND: This paper evaluated the implementation West Central Alabama Area Health Education Center programs for high school students in grades 9-12 through participant-reported evaluations and feedback during the  September 1st, 2013 to August 31st, 2014 fiscal year. The programs targeted racial/ethnic minorities and/or rural individuals interested in pursuing a career as a healthcare provider in medically underserved counties of Alabama. METHODS: Students participated in enrichment activities related to prospective health careers that included: successful college preparedness, knowledge about health careers, and the types of primary care health professions that are needed in underserved Alabama communities...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735603/the-utility-of-single-item-readiness-screeners-in-middle-school
#20
Crystal G Lewis, Keith C Herman, Francis L Huang, Melissa Stormont, Caroline Grossman, Colleen Eddy, Wendy M Reinke
This study examined the benefit of utilizing one-item academic and one-item behavior readiness teacher-rated screeners at the beginning of the school year to predict end-of-school year outcomes for middle school students. The Middle School Academic and Behavior Readiness (M-ABR) screeners were developed to provide an efficient and effective way to assess readiness in students. Participants included 889 students in 62 middle school classrooms in an urban Missouri school district. Concurrent validity with the M-ABR items and other indicators of readiness in the fall were evaluated using Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients, with the academic readiness item having medium to strong correlations with other baseline academic indicators (r=±0...
October 2017: Journal of School Psychology
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