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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708296/household-socioeconomic-status-and-parental-investments-direct-and-indirect-relations-with-school-readiness-in-ghana
#1
Sharon Wolf, Dana Charles McCoy
This study examines how parent socioeconomic status (SES) directly and indirectly predicts children's school readiness through pathways of parental investment. Data come from direct assessments with preschool children and surveys with their primary caregivers in Ghana at the start of the 2015-2016 school year (N = 2,137; Mage  = 5.2 years). Results revealed SES-related gaps in all parental investment characteristics and child school readiness skills. Preschool involvement served as the primary mediating mechanism in the path from SES to most school readiness skills, though it did not predict executive function...
July 14, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697733/measurement-invariance-of-the-strength-of-motivation-for-medical-school-a-multi-group-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#2
M An, R A Kusurkar, L Li, Y Xiao, C Zheng, J Hu, M Chen
BACKGROUND: The Strength of Motivation for Medical School-Revised (SMMS-R) questionnaire measures students' motivation for studying medicine. It includes three subscales: 'willingness to sacrifice', 'readiness to start', and 'persistence'. Measurement invariance is a prerequisite for group comparisons. The objectives of this study were to verify the factorial structure of the SMMS-R questionnaire and to investigate it's measurement invariance. METHODS: A total of 989 medical students were approached, 930 cases were kept for data analysis...
July 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697525/-what-enhances-teachers-health-at-inclusive-primary-schools-a-mixed-methods-approach
#3
Merle Riechmann-Wolf, Matthias Claus, Renate Kimbel, Klaus Schöne, Annika Claus, Stephan Letzel, Dirk-Matthias Rose
Aim Teachers' suggestions to enhance their health at inclusive primary schools ("Schwerpunktgrundschulen") were analyzed by quantitative content analysis taking personal or job-related parameters of effort and strain into consideration. Method The paper and pencil cross-sectional study was conducted by Institut für Lehrergesundheit (IFL) between August 2013 and April 2015 at 14 schools in Rhineland-Palatinate. Overall response rate was 46.3% (143/309 teachers). The answers to the open-ended question "Which concrete job-related measures would enhance your wellbeing or health situation at your work place?" was categorized and quantified...
July 11, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689159/self-management-support-by-final-year-nursing-students-a-correlational-study-of-performance-and-person-related-associated-factors
#4
Veerle Duprez, Dimitri Beeckman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke
BACKGROUND: Chronic conditions put a heavy burden on healthcare in every country. Supporting persons with a chronic illness to take an active role in the management of their condition is a core component in the Chronic Care Model. It implies confidence and good skills from professionals. To date, there is no evidence on final year nursing students' performance in supporting patients' self-management, nor on factors associated with this performance. OBJECTIVES: To explore self-reported performance of supporting patients' self-management by final year nursing students, and person-related factors associated with this performance...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677088/examining-the-highs-and-lows-of-the-collaborative-relationship-between-technical-assistance-providers-and-prevention-implementers
#5
Sarah M Chilenski, Janet Welsh, Jonathan Olson, Lesa Hoffman, Daniel F Perkins, Mark E Feinberg
The PROSPER model uses a three-tiered community partnership, university researcher, and Cooperative Extension-based technical assistance system to support the delivery of evidence-based interventions in communities. This study examines the trajectory and predictors of the collaborative relationship between technical assistance providers and community teams across the three phases of organization, implementation, and sustainability. Members of 14 PROmoting School-university-community Partnerships to Enhance Resilience (PROSPER) community teams and directors of local agencies rated communities' levels of readiness and adolescent substance use norms...
July 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664693/readiness-of-adolescents-to-use-genetically-modified-organisms-according-to-their-knowledge-and-emotional-attitude-towards-gmos
#6
Stanisław Lachowski, Anna Jurkiewicz, Piotr Choina, Magdalena Florek-Łuszczki, Agnieszka Buczaj, Małgorzata Goździewska
INTRODUCTION: Agriculture based on genetically modified organisms plays an increasingly important role in feeding the world population, which is evidenced by a considerable growth in the size of land under genetically modified crops (GM). Uncertainty and controversy around GM products are mainly due to the lack of accurate and reliable information, and lack of knowledge concerning the essence of genetic modifications, and the effect of GM food on the human organism, and consequently, a negative emotional attitude towards what is unknown...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663350/parental-restriction-reduces-the-harmful-effects-of-in-bedroom-electronic-devices
#7
King-Wa Fu, Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Nirmala Rao, Fan Jiang, Sophia Ling Li, Tatia Mei-Chun Lee, Sophelia Hoi-Shan Chan, Ada Wing-Yan Yung, Mary Eming Young, Patrick Ip
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether school readiness could be affected by placing electronic devices (EDs) in children's bedroom and whether the relationship was moderated by parental restriction and family socioeconomic status (SES). DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study with bedroom ED placement and parental restriction reported by parents. Multiple linear regressions were used to test the relationship between school readiness and ED placement. Multiple regression with interaction terms were used to test whether the effect was consistent with and without parental restriction...
June 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661296/applying-an-equity-lens-to-the-child-care-setting
#8
Krista Scott, Anna Ayers Looby, Janie Simms Hipp, Natasha Frost
In the current landscape, child care is increasingly being seen as a place for early education, and systems are largely bundling child care in the Early Care and Education sphere through funding and quality measures. As states define school readiness and quality, they often miss critical elements, such as equitable access to quality and cultural traditions. This article provides a summary of the various definitions and structures of child care. It also discusses how the current child care policy conversation can and ought to be infused with a framework grounded in the context of institutional racism and trauma...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659060/mental-imagery-and-school-readiness
#9
Maria Guarnera, Palmira Faraci, Elena Commodari, Stefania Lucia Buccheri
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between the skills that constitute school readiness, such as linguistic, phonological, logical-mathematical and psychomotor skills, and mental imagery processes in preschool children. The participants were 100 healthy children (50 boys and 50 girls) aged four to five. Two batteries of tests were used to assess school readiness and different aspects of the mental imagery processes. The mental imagery battery measured mental imagery generation, inspection, and rotation of images...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640036/a-constructive-reframing-of-student-roles-and-systems-learning-in-medical-education-using-a-communities-of-practice-lens
#10
Jed D Gonzalo, Britta M Thompson, Paul Haidet, Karen Mann, Daniel R Wolpaw
Health systems are in the midst of a transformation that is being driven by a variety of forces. This has important implications for medical educators because clinical practice environments play a key role in learning and professional development, and evolving health systems are beginning to demand that providers have "systems-ready" knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Such implications provide a clear mandate for medical schools to modify their goals and prepare physicians to practice flexibly within teams and effectively contribute to the improvement of health care delivery...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631968/improving-kindergarten-readiness-in-children-with-developmental-disabilities-changes-in-neural-correlates-of-response-monitoring
#11
Jennifer Martin McDermott, Katherine C Pears, Jacqueline Bruce, Hyoun K Kim, Leslie Roos, Karen L Yoerger, Philip A Fisher
Among children diagnosed with developmental delays, difficulties in self-regulation are prominent and have been linked to school readiness problems. The current study sought to examine the impact of the Kids in Transition to School (KITS) school readiness intervention program on self-regulation, with a specific focus on response monitoring skills, among children with developmental delays. Children (n = 20 in the KITS group and n = 21 in a services as usual group) were administered a flanker task during which event-related potential data were collected to examine group differences in response monitoring...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631260/low-income-ethnically-diverse-children-s-engagement-as-a-predictor-of-school-readiness-above-preschool-classroom-quality
#12
Terri J Sabol, Natalie L Bohlmann, Jason T Downer
This study examined whether children's observed individual engagement with teachers, peers, and tasks related to their school readiness after controlling for observed preschool classroom quality and children's baseline skills. The sample included 211 predominately low-income, racially/ethnically diverse 4-year-old children in 49 preschool classrooms in one medium-sized U.S. city. Results indicated that children's positive engagement with (a) teachers related to improved literacy skills; (b) peers related to improved language and self-regulatory skills; and (c) tasks related to closer relationships with teachers...
June 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630338/self-affirmation-facilitates-minority-middle-schoolers-progress-along-college-trajectories
#13
J Parker Goyer, Julio Garcia, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Kevin R Binning, Jonathan E Cook, Stephanie L Reeves, Nancy Apfel, Suzanne Taborsky-Barba, David K Sherman, Geoffrey L Cohen
Small but timely experiences can have long-term benefits when their psychological effects interact with institutional processes. In a follow-up of two randomized field experiments, a brief values affirmation intervention designed to buffer minority middle schoolers against the threat of negative stereotypes had long-term benefits on college-relevant outcomes. In study 1, conducted in the Mountain West, the intervention increased Latino Americans' probability of entering a college readiness track rather than a remedial one near the transition to high school 2 y later...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628376/becoming-a-mother-perspectives-and-experiences-of-young-women-in-a-south-african-township
#14
Nompilo Mjwara, Pranitha Maharaj
There has been growing interest in the high levels of pregnancy among young women in South Africa. This study aimed to explore a range of perspectives and experiences of early motherhood among young women in a township in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. This was done using in-depth interviews from a small sample of young mothers aged 18-24 years. All the young mothers reported that they had had their first child while still at school. None of them had intended or planned to have a child, and were therefore not ready for motherhood...
June 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624300/evaluating-current-and-recent-fellows-perceptions-on-the-interventional-radiology-residency-results-of-a-united-states-survey
#15
J C Hoffmann, A Singh, D Szaflarski, J F B Chick, N Azimov, S Mittal, J Flug, P J Rochon
PURPOSE: To evaluate current and recent interventional radiology (IR) fellows' perceptions on the new integrated IR residency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous, web-based survey was distributed to 82 current and recent IR fellows across the Unites States. The survey contained 15 questions, most of which were based on a five-point Likert scale. The survey was open for a three-week period in September 2015. The results were analyzed by two trainees and three IR attending physicians...
June 14, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612599/tobacco-use-prevention-for-the-young-tupy-s-development-validity-and-reliability-of-an-interactive-multimedia-strategy-from-the-adolescents%C3%A2-perspective-in-malaysia
#16
Faridah Mohd Zin, Azlin Hilma Hillaluddin, Jamaludin Mustaffa
Objective: This study aims to develop, validate and determine the reliability of an interactive multimedia strategy to prevent tobacco use among the young (TUPY-S) from an adolescents’ perspective. Methods: A descriptive study design was utilized. A modular instruction guideline by Russel (1974) was followed in the entire process, comprising a feasibility study, a review of existing modules, specification of the objectives, identification of the construct criterion items, learner analysis and entry behavior specification, establishment of the sequence instruction and media selection, a tryout with students and a field test...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611515/transition-of-pediatric-to-adult-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-is-it-as-easy-as-1-2-3
#17
REVIEW
Anita Afzali, Ghassan Wahbeh
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a heterogeneous group of chronic diseases with a rising prevalence in the pediatric population, and up to 25% of IBD patients are diagnosed before 18 years of age. Adolescents with IBD tend to have more severe and extensive disease and eventually require graduation from pediatric care toadult services. The transition of patients from pediatric to adult gastroenterologists requires careful preparation and coordination, with involvement of all key players to ensure proper collaboration of care and avoid interruption in care...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604933/educational-performance-of-children-born-prematurely
#18
Craig F Garfield, Krzysztof Karbownik, Karna Murthy, Gustave Falciglia, Jonathan Guryan, David N Figlio, Jeffrey Roth
Importance: Survivors of preterm birth often present with medical morbidities; however, variation in their long-term educational performance has not been well described. Objective: To estimate the association between gestational age and 4 outcomes in school-aged children: readiness to enter kindergarten, scores on standardized tests in elementary and middle school, gifted status, and low performance. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a retrospective cohort study, children born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 at 23 to 41 weeks' gestation who entered Florida's public schools between 1995 and 2012 were assessed for kindergarten readiness and tested in mathematics and reading in grades 3 through 8...
June 12, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602277/development-and-validation-of-an-asthma-first-aid-knowledge-questionnaire
#19
Kate Luckie, Tsz Chun Pang, Vicky Kritikos, Bandana Saini, Rebekah Jane Moles
BACKGROUND: There is no gold standard outcome assessment for asthma first-aid knowledge. We therefore aimed to develop and validate an asthma first-aid knowledge questionnaire (AFAKQ) to be used before and after educational interventions. METHODS: The AFAKQ was developed based on a content analysis of existing asthma knowledge questionnaires and current asthma management guidelines. Content and face validity was performed by a review panel consisting of expert respiratory physicians, researchers and parents of school aged children...
May 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601356/school-readiness-of-maltreated-preschoolers-and-later-school-achievement-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-language-and-context
#20
Carlomagno C Panlilio, Brenda Jones Harden, Jeffrey Harring
Guided by bio-ecological theory, this study aimed to: (1) identify heterogeneity in the developmental patterns of emotion regulation for maltreated preschool-aged children; (2) examine the role of gender, language, placement instability, cognitive stimulation, and emotional support on patterns of stability and change of emotion regulation over time; and (3) elucidate the role of emotion regulation/dysregulation patterns on later academic achievement. This study utilized data from the first cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being...
June 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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