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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141983/are-parents-who-feel-the-need-to-watch-over-their-children-s-care-better-patient-safety-partners
#1
Elizabeth D Cox, Kristofer Hansen, Victoria P Rajamanickam, Roger L Brown, Paul J Rathouz, Pascale Carayon, Lori L DuBenske, Linda A Buel, Michelle M Kelly
OBJECTIVES: Many parents report needing to watch over their child's hospital care to prevent mistakes. In this study, we assessed whether needing to watch over care predicts parent performance of recommended safety behaviors to reduce medication errors and health care-associated infections. METHODS: At admission, we surveyed 170 parents about their need to watch over care, demographics, and hospitalization factors. At discharge, parents were surveyed about medication awareness and hand hygiene behaviors...
November 15, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060144/the-motion-influence-on-respiration-rate-estimation-from-low-resolution-thermal-sequences-during-attention-focusing-tasks
#2
A Kwasniewska, J Ruminski, J Wtorek
Global aging has led to a growing expectancy for creating home-based platforms for indoor monitoring of elderly people. A motivation is to provide a non-intrusive technique, which does not require special activities of a patient but allows for remote monitoring of elderly people while assisting them with their daily activities. The goal of our study was to evaluate motion performed by a person focused on a specific task and check if this motion disrupts estimation of respiration rate. The preliminary results show that it is possible to reliable estimate respiration rate by focusing attention of a patient on a certain activity...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032699/a-patient-with-aphasia-using-the-nonsemantic-lexical-route-for-kanji-reading
#3
Kosei Hashimoto, Akira Uno, Ami Sambai, Go Mizumoto
We report a patient with aphasia, caused by cerebral hemorrhage, who probably used the nonsemantic lexical route when reading words aloud. To investigate the mechanisms underlying her reading dysfunction, we analyzed her reading abilities using the Dual-Route Cascaded Model. Language tests resulted in low correct percentages for both reading comprehension and reading nonwords aloud, suggesting problems in the semantic system and the nonlexical route. Conversely, the patient showed high scores on the reading words aloud task...
October 16, 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974150/production-on-hold-delaying-vocal-production-enhances-the-production-effect-in-free-recall
#4
Yaniv Mama, Michal Icht
The Production Effect (PE) represents superior memory for produced (read aloud) relative to non-produced (silently read) items. Another method of improving memory is taking a test on the study material - the Testing Effect. We evaluated the combined influence of both effects on free recall memory, using delayed vocal production, in which study words were vocally produced only after their disappearance. Such procedure involves an initial instant test since participants had to vocally retrieve the words (rather than read them aloud)...
October 3, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973016/what-do-your-eyes-reveal-about-your-foreign-language-reading-emotional-sentences-in-a-native-and-foreign-language
#5
Sara Iacozza, Albert Costa, Jon Andoni Duñabeitia
Foreign languages are often learned in emotionally neutral academic environments which differ greatly from the familiar context where native languages are acquired. This difference in learning contexts has been argued to lead to reduced emotional resonance when confronted with a foreign language. In the current study, we investigated whether the reactivity of the sympathetic nervous system in response to emotionally-charged stimuli is reduced in a foreign language. To this end, pupil sizes were recorded while reading aloud emotional sentences in the native or foreign language...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969489/this-time-it-s-personal-the-memory-benefit-of-hearing-oneself
#6
Noah D Forrin, Colin M MacLeod
The production effect is the memory advantage of saying words aloud over simply reading them silently. It has been hypothesised that this advantage stems from production featuring distinctive information that stands out at study relative to reading silently. MacLeod (2011) (I said, you said: The production effect gets personal. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18, 1197-1202. doi: 10.3758/s13423-011-0168-8 ) found superior memory for reading aloud oneself vs. hearing another person read aloud, which suggests that motor information (speaking), self-referential information (i...
October 2, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968409/a-brief-intervention-for-preparing-icu-families-to-be-proxies-a-phase-i-study
#7
Alison E Turnbull, Caroline M Chessare, Rachel K Coffin, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND: Family members of critically ill patients report high levels of conflict with clinicians, have poor understanding of prognosis, struggle to make decisions, and experience substantial symptoms of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress regardless of patient survival status. Efficient interventions are needed to prepare these families to act as patient proxies. OBJECTIVES: To assess a brief "patient activation" intervention designed to set expectations and prepare families of adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients to communicate effectively with the clinical team...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958627/assisted-and-unassisted-recession-of-functional-anomalies-associated-with-dysprosody-in-adults-who-stutter
#8
Katrin Neumann, Harald A Euler, Malte Kob, Alexander Wolff von Gudenberg, Anne-Lise Giraud, Tobias Weissgerber, Christian A Kell
PURPOSE: Speech in persons who stutter (PWS) is associated with disturbed prosody (speech melody and intonation), which may impact communication. The neural correlates of PWS' altered prosody during speaking are not known, neither is how a speech-restructuring therapy affects prosody at both a behavioral and a cerebral level. METHODS: In this fMRI study, we explored group differences in brain activation associated with the production of different kinds of prosody in 13 male adults who stutter (AWS) before, directly after, and at least 1 year after an effective intensive fluency-shaping treatment, in 13 typically fluent-speaking control participants (CP), and in 13 males who had spontaneously recovered from stuttering during adulthood (RAWS), while sentences were read aloud with 'neutral', instructed emotional (happy), and linguistically driven (questioning) prosody...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939276/the-impact-of-a-daily-medication-time-out-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#9
Christopher R Tainter, Albert P Nguyen, Kimberly A Pollock, Edward O O'Brien, Jarone Lee, Ulrich Schmidt, Farivar Jahanasouz, Robert L Owens, Angela Meier
OBJECTIVE: Medical errors play a large role in preventable harms within our health care system. Medications administered in the ICU can be numerous, complex and subject to daily changes. We describe a method to identify medication errors with the potential to improve patient safety. DESIGN: A quality improvement intervention featuring a daily medication time out for each patient was performed during rounds. SETTING: A 12-bed Cardiac Surgical ICU at a single academic institution with approximately 180 beds...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853955/lexical-tone-and-stuttering-in-cantonese
#10
Thomas Law, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow, Carol K-S To, Michael C-F Tong, Kathy Y-S Lee
Cantonese is a tone language, in which the variation of the fundamental frequency contour of a syllable can change meaning. There are six different lexical tones in Cantonese. While research with Western languages has shown an association between stuttering and syllabic stress, nothing is known about whether stuttering in Cantonese speakers is associated with one or more of the six lexical tones. Such an association has been reported in conversational speech in Mandarin, which is also a tone language, but which varies markedly from Cantonese...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806713/activity-groups-for-persons-with-dementia-personal-predictors-of-participation-engagement-and-mood
#11
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield
This study examined the relationship between personal characteristics and attendance, engagement, sleep, and mood outcomes of persons with dementia participating in group activities. The purpose of this study is to examine which persons with dementia benefit most from group interventions. Sixty-nine persons with dementia were observed by research and therapeutic recreation staff during 10 types of group activities (reading aloud with discussion, choral-singing, baking, creative storytelling, brain games, active games, exercise, reminiscence poetry, holiday newsletter, and holiday discussions) on multiple outcomes (attendance duration, sleep, engagement, active participation, attitude, and positive mood)...
July 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795406/multiple-aspects-of-high-school-students-strategic-processing-on-reading-outcomes-the-role-of-quantity-quality-and-conjunctive-strategy-use
#12
Meghan M Parkinson, Daniel L Dinsmore
BACKGROUND: While the literature on strategy use is relatively mature, measures of strategy use overwhelmingly measure only one aspect of that use, frequency, when relating that strategy use to performance outcomes. While this might be one important attribute of strategy use, there is increasing evidence that quality and conditional use of cognitive and metacognitive strategies may also be important. AIMS: This study examines how multiple aspects of strategy use, namely frequency, quality, and conjunctive use of strategies, influence task performance on both well- and ill-structured task outcomes in addition to other concomitant variables that may interact with strategic processing during reading...
August 9, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782969/a-switch-is-not-a-switch-syntactically-driven-bilingual-language-control
#13
Tamar H Gollan, Matthew Goldrick
The current study investigated the possibility that language switches could be relatively automatically triggered by context. Single-word switches, in which bilinguals switched languages on a single word in midsentence and then immediately switched back, were contrasted with more complete whole-language switches, in which bilinguals completed a full phrase (or more) in the switched to language before switching back. Speech production was elicited by asking Spanish-English bilinguals to read aloud mixed-language paragraphs that manipulated switch type (single word, whole language), part of speech (switches on function or content words), and default language (dominant language English or nondominant Spanish)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777693/beyond-descriptive-neurology-broca-cerebral-hemodynamics-and-cortical-function
#14
Richard Leblanc
Pierre-Paul Broca's studies in neurobiology remain of interest. I review a previously neglected aspect of Broca's work in which he presages the use of modern scanning techniques. Broca's goal was to correlate cerebral metabolism to regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) using a novel method, to which he referred as cerebral thermometry. Broca attempted to measure changes in temperatures from the ischemic area and across the watershed regions during a stroke, and the increased CBF produced by performing a cognitive task such as reading aloud...
August 4, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753438/bilingual-language-intrusions-and-other-speech-errors-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Tamar H Gollan, Alena Stasenko, Chuchu Li, David P Salmon
The current study investigated how Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects production of speech errors in reading-aloud. Twelve Spanish-English bilinguals with AD and 19 matched controls read-aloud 8 paragraphs in four conditions (a) English-only, (b) Spanish-only, (c) English-mixed (mostly English with 6 Spanish words), and (d) Spanish-mixed (mostly Spanish with 6 English words). Reading elicited language intrusions (e.g., saying la instead of the), and several types of within-language errors (e.g., saying their instead of the)...
November 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710937/developmental-surface-and-phonological-dyslexia-in-both-greek-and-english
#16
Andreas Sotiropoulos, J Richard Hanley
The hallmark of developmental surface dyslexia in English and French is inaccurate reading of words with atypical spelling-sound correspondences. According to Douklias, Masterson and Hanley (2009), surface dyslexia can also be observed in Greek (a transparent orthography for reading that does not contain words of this kind). Their findings suggested that surface dyslexia in Greek can be characterized by slow reading of familiar words, and by inaccurate spelling of words with atypical sound-spelling correspondences (Greek is less transparent for spelling than for reading)...
November 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697699/effects-of-word-frequency-and-transitional-probability-on-word-reading-durations-of-younger-and-older-speakers
#17
Cornelia Moers, Antje Meyer, Esther Janse
High-frequency units are usually processed faster than low-frequency units in language comprehension and language production. Frequency effects have been shown for words as well as word combinations. Word co-occurrence effects can be operationalized in terms of transitional probability (TP). TPs reflect how probable a word is, conditioned by its right or left neighbouring word. This corpus study investigates whether three different age groups-younger children (8-12 years), adolescents (12-18 years) and older (62-95 years) Dutch speakers-show frequency and TP context effects on spoken word durations in reading aloud, and whether age groups differ in the size of these effects...
June 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654941/internally-versus-externally-cued-speech-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-cerebellar-disease
#18
Phil Weir-Mayta, Kristie A Spencer, Tanya L Eadie, Kathryn Yorkston, Sara Savaglio, Chris Woollcott
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an internally versus externally cued speech task on perceived understandability and naturalness in speakers with Parkinson's disease (PD) and cerebellar disease (CD). Method: Sentences extracted from a covertly recorded conversation (internally cued) were compared to the same sentences read aloud (externally cued) by speakers with PD and a clinical comparison group of speakers with CD. Experienced listeners rated the speech samples using a visual analog scale for the perceptual dimensions of understandability and naturalness...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649169/form-overrides-meaning-when-bilinguals-monitor-for-errors
#19
Iva Ivanova, Victor S Ferreira, Tamar H Gollan
Bilinguals rarely produce unintended language switches, which may in part be because switches are detected and corrected by an internal monitor. But are language switches easier or harder to detect than within-language semantic errors? To approximate internal monitoring, bilinguals listened (Experiment 1) or read aloud (Experiment 2) stories, and detected language switches (translation equivalents or semantically unrelated to expected words) and within-language errors (semantically related or unrelated to expected words)...
June 2017: Journal of Memory and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614458/capacity-for-self-monitoring-reading-comprehension-in-elementary-school
#20
Gabriela Juliane Bueno, Carolina Alves Ferreira Carvalho, Clara Regina Brandão de Ávila
Purpose: To investigate the capacity for self-monitoring reading comprehension in Brazilian Elementary School students. Methods: Fifty-three Elementary students in the 5th and 9th grades from two Public Schools in the city of São Paulo were assessed. They were selected based on their oral reading rate and grouped according to their performance in reading comprehension in the following categories: Group with best comprehension: students with adequate rate and accuracy, without difficulties in reading comprehension; Group with worst comprehension: students with adequate rate and accuracy but with difficulties in reading comprehension...
June 8, 2017: CoDAS
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