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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334739/hiv-treatment-as-prevention-implications-for-health-promotion
#1
Sean Slavin
Evidence has been accumulating in recent years that individuals with HIV who are effectively treated with antiretroviral drugs are highly unlikely to transmit the virus to their sexual partners. This approach has great potential to contribute to ongoing prevention efforts and has been termed 'treatment as prevention'. International political momentum has been building in recent years to attempt to significantly reduce new HIV infections globally and end the epidemic by 2030. In pursuit of such aims a number of local health authorities and communities have adopted intensified 'test and treat' strategies to quickly diagnose infections and reduce the risk of onward transmission through an immediate offer of treatment...
October 8, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332324/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-early-child-obesity-prevention-intervention-impacts-on-infant-tummy-time
#2
Rachel S Gross, Alan L Mendelsohn, H Shonna Yin, Suzy Tomopoulos, Michelle B Gross, Roberta Scheinmann, Mary Jo Messito
OBJECTIVE: To describe infant activity at 3 months old and to test the efficacy of a primary care-based child obesity prevention intervention on promoting infant activity in low-income Hispanic families. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial (n = 533) comparing a control group of mother-infant dyads receiving standard prenatal and pediatric primary care with an intervention group receiving "Starting Early," with individual nutrition counseling and nutrition and parenting support groups coordinated with prenatal and pediatric visits...
March 22, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329840/a-multi-faceted-approach-to-promote-comprehension-of-online-health-information-among-older-adults
#3
Jessie Chin, Darcie D Moeller, Jessica Johnson, Elise A G Duwe, James F Graumlich, Michael D Murray, Daniel G Morrow
Purpose of the Study: Older adults' self-care often depends on understanding and utilizing health information. Inadequate health literacy among older adults poses a barrier to self-care because it hampers comprehension of this information, particularly when the information is not well-designed. Our goal was to improve comprehension of online health information among older adults with hypertension who varied in health literacy abilities. Design and Methods: We identified passages about hypertension self-care from credible websites (typical passages)...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323611/the-role-of-universal-health-literacy-precautions-in-minimizing-medspeak-and-promoting-shared-decision-making
#4
Lara Killian, Margo Coletti
Shared decision making (SDM), a collaborative process whereby patients and professionals make health care decisions together, is a cornerstone of ethical patient care. The patient-clinician communication necessary to achieve SDM depends on many factors, not the least of which is a shared language (sometimes with the aid of a medical interpreter). However, even when a patient and clinician are speaking the same mother tongue, the use of medical jargon can pose a large and unnecessary barrier. This article discusses how health care professionals can use "universal health literacy precautions" as a legal, practical, and ethical means to enhance SDM and improve health care outcomes...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323546/understanding-the-relationships-between-mhealth-apps-characteristics-trialability-and-mhealth-literacy
#5
Trisha T C Lin, John Robert Bautista
The widespread adoption of mobile phones has increased the potential of mHealth to improve health communication and health outcomes because these devices could serve as a ubiquitous and affordable means to disseminate health information to large populations. Given that mHealth apps offer free or limited trials as part of promotional strategies, potential users' trialability is a critical step of the preadoption process. Drawing from Rogers' diffusion of innovation theory, this study examines the relationships of adopters' perceived characteristics of mHealth apps (i...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316203/-analysis-of-xin-an-imperial-medical-officials-in-the-ming-and-qing-dynasties
#6
S M Wan, B S Liu, X Lu
Xin'an imperial medical officials of the Ming and Qing Dynasties was a special group of Xin'an doctors. It had exerted a positive and active impact on the development of traditional Chinese medicine. Rooted in the Xin'an region, with higher literacy and noble medical ethics and medical knowhow, through the imperial enlistment, examination, and other ways to enter the palace as imperial medical officials. During their tenure, they wrote books and communicated and merged with the folk medicine actively. After retiring, they were still involved actively in folk medicine activities, thus promoting and influencing the development of local medicine...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302545/identifying-female-community-health-volunteers-understanding-and-motivations-about-blood-pressure-control-a-prerequisite-for-developing-community-based-interventions-for-hypertension-in-nepal
#7
Dinesh Neupane, Craig S McLachlan, Shiva R Mishra, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Health literacy and attitudes of female community health volunteers (FCHV) toward hypertension management in the context of Nepal are not well understood. Therefore, it is important to explore the potential for the effectiveness for blood pressure screening and perceptions on their likely ability to promote a blood pressure reduction at community level. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the knowledge and attitudes of FCHV related to hypertension prevention and control...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302106/barriers-and-facilitators-of-linkage-to-hiv-care-among-hiv-infected-young-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-study
#8
Haochu Li, Chongyi Wei, Joseph Tucker, Dianmin Kang, Meizhen Liao, Eleanor Holroyd, Jietao Zheng, Qian Qi, Wei Ma
BACKGROUND: The Four Free and One Care Policy (HIV/AIDS-related free services) has been in place in China since 2004. However, linkage to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care is not yet achieved very well among people living with HIV. We conducted a qualitative study to explore individual and contextual factors that may influence a linkage to HIV care from the perspective of young HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) in a highly centralized HIV care context of China. METHODS: Purposive sampling was used to recruit 21 HIV-infected MSM in Shandong Province, with in-depth interviews conducted between March and July 2015...
March 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280472/measuring-responsible-gambling-amongst-players-development-of-the-positive-play-scale
#9
Richard T A Wood, Michael J A Wohl, Nassim Tabri, Kahlil Philander
The modern gambling industry has, by-in-large, assumed a duty of care to minimize the risks associated with gambling, which has manifested in responsible gambling (RG) programming (e.g., educating players about the odds of success). The current study fills a void in gambling operators, regulators, and researchers ability to measure RG beliefs and behavior in their player-base, with the development and validation of the Positive Play Scale (PPS). In Study 1, we reviewed the literature and consulted 30 players as well as 10 RG experts to help generate a definition of RG beliefs and behavior that helped guide item generation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277021/the-chinese-and-korean-american-immigrant-experience-a-mixed-methods-examination-of-facilitators-and-barriers-of-colorectal-cancer-screening
#10
Mary Y Jung, Cheryl L Holt, Diane Ng, Hwa J Sim, Xiaoxiao Lu, Daisy Le, Hee-Soon Juon, Jun Li, Sunmin Lee
OBJECTIVE: Among Asian Americans, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths. Despite strong evidence that screening can reduce CRC-related mortality, fewer Chinese and Koreans receive screening as compared to non-Hispanic whites and blacks. The objective of this study was to examine facilitators and barriers as well as strategies to promote CRC screening in this population. DESIGN: This study employed a mixed-methods design. We conducted 17 key informant interviews and 12 focus groups in the Washington, D...
February 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274801/promoting-science-in-secondary-school-education
#11
Anthony Chiovitti, Jacinta C Duncan, Abdul Jabbar
Engaging secondary school students with science education is crucial for a society that demands a high level of scientific literacy in order to deal with the economic and social challenges of the 21st century. Here we present how parasitology could be used to engage and promote science in secondary school students under the auspice of a 'Specialist Centre' model for science education.
March 5, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274601/producing-a-worthy-illness-personal-crowdfunding-amidst-financial-crisis
#12
Lauren S Berliner, Nora J Kenworthy
For Americans experiencing illnesses and disabilities, crowdfunding has become a popular strategy for addressing the extraordinary costs of health care. The political, social, and health consequences of austerity--along with fallout from the 2008 financial collapse and the shortcomings of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)--are made evident in websites like GoFundMe. Here, patients and caregivers create campaigns to solicit donations for medical care, hoping that they will spread widely through social networks. As competition increases among campaigns, patients and their loved ones are obliged to produce compelling and sophisticated appeals...
February 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270151/differential-effects-of-community-health-worker-visits-across-social-and-economic-groups-in-uttar-pradesh-india-a-link-between-social-inequities-and-health-disparities
#13
Aparna Seth, Shweta Tomar, Kultar Singh, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Amit Chakraverty, Arnab Dey, Arup K Das, Katherine Hay, Niranjan Saggurti, Sabrina Boyce, Anita Raj, Jay G Silverman
BACKGROUND: Uttar Pradesh (UP) accounts for the largest number of neonatal deaths in India. This study explores potential socio-economic inequities in household-level contacts by community health workers (CHWs) and whether the effects of such household-level contacts on receipt of health services differ across populations in this state. METHODS: A multistage sampling design identified live births in the last 12 months across the 25 highest-risk districts of UP (N = 4912)...
March 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269799/an-analysis-of-health-promotion-materials-for-dutch-truck-drivers-off-target-and-too-complex
#14
Anniek Boeijinga, Hans Hoeken, José Sanders
BACKGROUND: Despite various health promotion initiatives, unfavorable figures regarding Dutch truck drivers' eating behaviors, exercise behaviors, and absenteeism have not improved. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to obtain a better understanding of the low level of effectiveness of current health interventions for Dutch truck drivers by examining to what extent these are tailored to the target group's particular mindset (focus of content) and health literacy skills (presentation of content)...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269535/experiences-of-a-general-practitioner-in-the-daily-practice-about-digital-health-literacy-the-real-needs
#15
M Traver, I Basagoiti, A Martinez-Millana, C Fernandez-Llatas, V Traver
Digital Health Literacy (DHL) is a key element to promote patient empowerment. This position paper presents the lessons learnt from the daily activities of a General Practitioner interacting with patients. General Practitioners have a main role in each stage on individual digital health literacy process. They are the first meeting point between patients and the medical knowledge; in the search phase, they are who can prescribe and validate health information; in the comprehension phase, they lead to a full understanding; and in the adoption phase, they assist in the own personal application...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265579/the-next-frontier-in-communication-and-the-eclippse-study-bridging-the-linguistic-divide-in-secure-messaging
#16
REVIEW
Dean Schillinger, Danielle McNamara, Scott Crossley, Courtney Lyles, Howard H Moffet, Urmimala Sarkar, Nicholas Duran, Jill Allen, Jennifer Liu, Danielle Oryn, Neda Ratanawongsa, Andrew J Karter
Health systems are heavily promoting patient portals. However, limited health literacy (HL) can restrict online communication via secure messaging (SM) because patients' literacy skills must be sufficient to convey and comprehend content while clinicians must encourage and elicit communication from patients and match patients' literacy level. This paper describes the Employing Computational Linguistics to Improve Patient-Provider Secure Email (ECLIPPSE) study, an interdisciplinary effort bringing together scientists in communication, computational linguistics, and health services to employ computational linguistic methods to (1) create a novel Linguistic Complexity Profile (LCP) to characterize communications of patients and clinicians and demonstrate its validity and (2) examine whether providers accommodate communication needs of patients with limited HL by tailoring their SM responses...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263704/how-could-health-information-be-improved-recommended-actions-from-the-victorian-consultation-on-health-literacy
#17
Sophie J Hill, Tanya A Sofra
Objective Health literacy is on the policy agenda. Accessible, high-quality health information is a major component of health literacy. Health information materials include print, electronic or other media-based information enabling people to understand health and make health-related decisions. The aim of the present study was to present the findings and recommended actions as they relate to health information of the Victorian Consultation on Health Literacy.Methods Notes and submissions from the 2014 Victorian Consultation workshops and submissions were analysed thematically and a report prepared with input from an advisory committee...
March 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253883/systematic-development-and-implementation-of-interventions-to-optimise-health-literacy-and-access-ophelia
#18
Alison Beauchamp, Roy W Batterham, Sarity Dodson, Brad Astbury, Gerald R Elsworth, Crystal McPhee, Jeanine Jacobson, Rachelle Buchbinder, Richard H Osborne
BACKGROUND: The need for healthcare strengthening to enhance equity is critical, requiring systematic approaches that focus on those experiencing lesser access and outcomes. This project developed and tested the Ophelia (OPtimising HEalth LIteracy and Access) approach for co-design of interventions to improve health literacy and equity of access. Eight principles guided this development: Outcomes focused; Equity driven, Needs diagnosis, Co-design, Driven by local wisdom, Sustainable, Responsive and Systematically applied...
March 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252375/policy-at-play-the-implementation-of-healthy-eating-and-active-living-guidelines-in-municipal-child-care-settings
#19
Kelly McKay, Sherry Nigro
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Ottawa Public Health (OPH) partnered with the City of Ottawa Municipal Child Care (MCC) Services to develop Healthy Eating and Active Living (HEAL) Guidelines. SETTING: The Guidelines aim to promote consistent standards of practice in child care settings related to healthy environments and food, physical activity, physical literacy, decreased sedentary behaviours, and positive role modeling by staff. The Guidelines targeted 498 children aged 18 months to 5 years, attending MCC centres...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245515/addressing-the-barriers-to-driver-licensing-for-aboriginal-people-in-new-south-wales-and-south-australia
#20
Kathleen Clapham, Kate Hunter, Patricia Cullen, Yvonne Helps, Teresa Senserrick, Jake Byrne, James E Harrison, Rebecca Q Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Low rates of driver licensing have been linked to increased risk of transport-related injury, and reduced access to health services, employment and educational opportunities in the Aboriginal population. This paper reports on how barriers to obtaining a driver licence are being addressed in four Aboriginal communities in New South Wales and South Australia. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected over a four-month period in 2013. Interviews with Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal stakeholders (n=31) and 11 focus groups with Aboriginal participants (n=46) were analysed thematically using a framework approach...
February 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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