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Literacy promotion

Tengiz Verulava, Lana Khuchua, Iago Kachkachishvili, Revaz Jorbenadze
Health problems are substantially increased in homeless populations who have higher prevalence's of infectious diseases than do general population. They have relatively earlier onset of sexual activity, and due to lack of information, many facilities for the practice of unprotected sex and low level of condom usage increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study aims to identify the knowledge and prevention of STIs among homeless people. An analytic cross-sectional study was conducted in a Tbilisi municipal shelter...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Ginger R Fisher, Jeffrey T Olimpo, Thomas M McCabe, Ryan S Pevey
Evidence indicates that students who participate in scientific research during their undergraduate experience are more likely to pursue careers in the STEM disciplines and to develop increased scientific reasoning and literacy skills. One avenue to increase student engagement in research is via their enrollment in course-based undergraduate research experiences (CUREs), where they are able to conduct authentic research as part of the laboratory curriculum. The information presented herein provides an example of a CURE which was developed and implemented in an introductory cell and molecular biology course at the University of Northern Colorado...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Patricia Irizarry-Barreto, Susan Coletta, Kathleen Scott
This article presents a case study about the impact that our mobile laboratory, the Rutgers Science Explorer bus, has had on the professional development of graduate students and content enrichment for the middle school communities in the state of New Jersey.
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Joanne Wai-Yee Chung, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, Vincent Chun-Man Yan, Louisa Ming-Yan Chung, Henry Chi-Fuk So, Albert Chan
BACKGROUND: Given a shortage of construction workers, it is important to develop strategies to avoid early retirement caused by cardiovascular diseases in Hong Kong. OBJECTIVES: (1) to describe the cardiovascular health of construction workers in Hong Kong, (2) to examine the demographic differences in cardiovascular health, and (3) to examine the association between health behaviors and cardiovascular health factors. METHODS: 626 registered construction workers were included in the analysis...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kyung Suk Shin, Eun-Hyun Lee
AIM: To examine the relationships of health literacy to diabetes self-care behaviors (diet, physical exercise, foot care and blood glucose monitoring) through empowerment controlling for diabetes education. BACKGROUND: Potential mechanisms of how health literacy links to health outcomes have not clearly elucidated. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three community health centers in South Korea from September 2016 - April 2017 using a convenience sampling method...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Ryan Washburn, Angela Kolen
Motor skill competence enables children to move with efficiency and confidence in a variety of physically challenging situations. A child who lacks motor skill competence may be less inclined to take part in physical activities in which his or her peers excel. In this regard, the development of motor competence and children’s perception of their motor abilities may play an important role in ensuring sufficiently physically active adults. To better understand the role of motor competence in children’s participation in physical activity, this study examined children’s perception of their motor competence in comparison to others with their actual motor competence...
June 8, 2018: Children
Christy L M Hui, Whitty W T Leung, Andreas K H Wong, Ka Yan Loong, Joy Kok, Amanda Hwang, Edwin H M Lee, Sherry K W Chan, Wing Chung Chang, Eric Y H Chen
AIM: Although the reasons behind the stigmatization of psychosis are manifold, poor mental health literacy among the general public is likely to be a major factor. In Hong Kong, the Early Psychosis Foundation (EPISO) was established in 2007 to tackle this issue by providing educational and mental health promotional activities, among other aims and services. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of a school-based interventional programme, the School Tour, developed by EPISO. METHODS: The School Tour differentiates itself from other interventional programmes by supplementing a traditional psychoeducational talk with 2 additional elements: an engaging drama performance and exercise demonstrations...
June 11, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Lyndsay A Nelson, Kenneth A Wallston, Sunil Kripalani, Lauren M LeStourgeon, Sarah E Williamson, Lindsay S Mayberry
AIMS: Medication nonadherence is a prevalent and costly problem among patients with type 2 diabetes. Applications of theory can inform and improve adherence promotion interventions. We used a new assessment based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral skills (IMB) model of adherence to assess patient-reported barriers and test the theoretical model. METHODS: Participants (N = 237) completed a card sorting task to identify barriers to adherence, a survey, and a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test...
June 4, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Veronica P Fleury, Maria L Hugh
Reading aloud to children is a valued practice to promote emergent literacy and language skills that form the foundation for future reading success. We conducted a descriptive study of shared book reading practices between caregivers and their children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 17) and caregivers and their typically developing children (n = 20) to identify factors that can promote or inhibit children's engagement in reading. Caregivers and their children read nine books (familiar, non-fiction, fiction)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Sharon M Parker, Nigel Stocks, Don Nutbeam, Louise Thomas, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Nicholas Zwar, Jon Karnon, Jane Lloyd, Manny Noakes, Siaw-Teng Liaw, Annie Lau, Richard Osborne, Mark F Harris
INTRODUCTION: Adults with lower levels of health literacy are less likely to engage in health-promoting behaviours. Our trial evaluates the impacts and outcomes of a mobile health-enhanced preventive intervention in primary care for people who are overweight or obese. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A two-arm pragmatic practice-level cluster randomised trial will be conducted in 40 practices in low socioeconomic areas in Sydney and Adelaide, Australia. Forty patients aged 40-70 years with a body mass index ≥28 kg/m2 will be enrolled per practice...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Open
Rose Nash, Shandell Elmer, Katy Thomas, Richard Osborne, Kate MacIntyre, Becky Shelley, Linda Murray, Siobhan Harpur, Diane Webb
BACKGROUND: Health attitudes and behaviours formed during childhood greatly influence adult health patterns. This paper describes the research and development protocol for a school-based health literacy program. The program, entitled HealthLit4Kids, provides teachers with the resources and supports them to explore the concept of health literacy within their school community, through classroom activities and family and community engagement. METHODS: HealthLit4Kids is a sequential mixed methods design involving convenience sampling and pre and post intervention measures from multiple sources...
June 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
Robert Needlman, Zaeem Lone, Ryan Chae, Neelab Abdullah
Literacy promotion (LP) is an essential component of primary care. This study explored different LP strategies in 2 cohorts of children aged 6 months to 6 years coming for routine care. In cohort 1 (N = 24), LP consisted mainly of advice. In cohort 2 (C2, N = 21), LP prioritized observing parent-child dyads reading aloud and giving feedback. Parents were interviewed 1 to 2 weeks later. LP took longer in C2 (138 ± 66 seconds vs 73 ± 50, P < .001), and parents were more likely to recall having learned about reading aloud (48% vs 8%, P < ...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
Verna B McKenna, Jane Sixsmith, Margaret M Barry
Health literacy is a critical determinant of health, which can empower individuals and lead to engagement in collective health promotion action and is also a crucial component in the self-management of illness. The current study moves beyond a focus on functional health literacy and presents findings from a longitudinal qualitative (LQ) study consisting of three phases. This paper presents findings from the second phase of the study, which assessed the development of health literacy capacities of individuals attending a structured cardiovascular risk reduction programme in Ireland...
June 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Natalie C Tamplin, Siân A McLean, Susan J Paxton
Frequent exposure to appearance ideal social media is associated with body dissatisfaction. We hypothesised that commercial and peer social media literacy would protect against the negative impact of exposure to social media appearance ideal images on young adults' body image. The study was presented as an investigation of alcohol promotion on social media. Participants were 187 women (Mage  = 24.6, SD = 3.7) and 187 men (Mage  = 22.8, SD = 3.9) who viewed gender-matched alcohol-related appearance ideal social media images or control images containing alcohol only...
May 25, 2018: Body Image
Jamir Pitton Rissardo, Ana Letícia Fornari Caprara, Ana Lucia Cervi Prado
BACKGROUND: This community-based and cross-sectional study was performed in a Brazilian city and aimed to evaluate stroke literacy. METHODS: A stroke knowledge survey was administered to passersby of a public square from December 2015 to October 2016, in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul. Convenience sampling was performed. RESULTS: A total of 633 respondents completed the survey. Of the respondents, 33% knew the meaning of "AVC"; 29...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Nazish Imran, Atif Rahman, Nakhshab Chaudhry, Aftab Asif
BACKGROUND: The teacher's role in school mental health initiatives cannot be overemphasized. Despite global evidence of educational interventions in improving teachers' knowledge and attitudes regarding mental health, this area remains under researched in Pakistan. This paper presents a study protocol of a pilot randomized controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of a teacher training intervention for improving mental health literacy and self-efficacy among school teachers in urban Lahore, Pakistan...
May 24, 2018: Trials
Suzanne Wijsman, Bronwen J Ackermann
The effectiveness of health promotion through arts engagement, and the health benefits and social importance of music in particular, are becoming increasingly recognized. However, like sport, music-making is an athletic endeavour, one that often involves high physiological and psychological loadings on the bodies and minds of musicians. Research over the past 30 years has revealed alarming rates of injury among musicians, and has identified health risk factors associated with music performance faced by professional and student musicians...
May 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
Viktoriia G Kostenko, Iryna M Solohor
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Medical researchers, who are non-native English speakers, are facing now the growing need to publish their research results in international journals switching to an English-only policy, to apply for grants and scholarship, but at the same time this puts many authors whose native language is not English at a disadvantage compared to their English-speaking counterparts. The aim: This paper aims at analysing the existing parameters of academic writing proficiency of medical undergraduate and postgraduate students; elucidating current approaches to develop academic writing competency and to promote academic multi-literacy of junior researchers, and outlining the general recommendations to improve the quality and sophistication of their writing by incorporating the principles and achievements of academic writing pedagogy into the system of medical training...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Azam Larki, Rahim Tahmasebi, Mahnoush Reisi
The aim of this study was to determine the factors influencing adherence to self-care behaviors among low health literacy hypertensive patients based on health belief model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 152 hypertensive patients with low health literacy. Patients with limited health literacy were identified by S-TOFHLA. The data were collected using H-scale for assessing self-care behaviors and, HK-LS for assessing knowledge of hypertension. A researcher-made questionnaire was applied for collecting data of health belief model constructs...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
Niresh Thapa, Muna Maharjan, Marcia A Petrini, Rajiv Shah, Swati Shah, Narayani Maharjan, Navin Shrestha, Hongbing Cai
OBJECTIVE: To find out the knowledge, attitude, practice, and barriers of cervical cancer screening in mid-western rural, Nepal. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Women aged 20 or more were interviewed using a structured questionnaire regarding the socio-demographic information, knowledge, attitude, practice, and barriers to the cervical cancer screening. RESULTS: Total of 360 participants were recruited for this study, mean age was 30...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
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