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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430140/-eat-as-if-you-could-save-the-planet-and-win-sustainability-integration-into-nutrition-for-exercise-and-sport
#1
Nanna Meyer, Alba Reguant-Closa
Today's industrial food production contributes significantly to environmental degradation. Meat production accounts for the largest impact, including greenhouse gas emissions, land and water use. While food production and consumption are important aspects when addressing climate change, this article focuses predominantly on dietary change that promotes both health for planet and people with focus on athletes. Healthy, sustainable eating recommendations begin to appear in various governmental guidelines. However, there remains resistance to the suggested reductions in meat consumption...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#2
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413166/health-literacy-scale-and-causal-model-of-childhood-overweight
#3
Ungsinun Intarakamhang, Patrawut Intarakamhang
BACKGROUND: WHO focuses on developing health literacy (HL) referring to cognitive and social skills. Our objectives were to develop a scale for evaluating the HL level of Thai childhood overweight, and develop a path model of health behavior (HB) for preventing obesity. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This research used a mixed method. Overall, 2,000 school students were aged 9 to 14 yr collected by stratified random sampling from all parts of Thailand in 2014...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404541/making-air-pollution-visible-a-tool-for-promoting-environmental-health-literacy
#4
Ekaterina Galkina Cleary, Allison P Patton, Hsin-Ching Wu, Alan Xie, Joseph Stubblefield, William Mass, Georges Grinstein, Susan Koch-Weser, Doug Brugge, Carolyn Wong
BACKGROUND: Digital maps are instrumental in conveying information about environmental hazards geographically. For laypersons, computer-based maps can serve as tools to promote environmental health literacy about invisible traffic-related air pollution and ultrafine particles. Concentrations of these pollutants are higher near major roadways and increasingly linked to adverse health effects. Interactive computer maps provide visualizations that can allow users to build mental models of the spatial distribution of ultrafine particles in a community and learn about the risk of exposure in a geographic context...
April 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403844/health-and-legal-literacy-for-migrants-twinned-strands-woven-in-the-cloth-of-social-justice-and-the-human-right-to-health-care
#5
Bilkis Vissandjée, Wendy E Short, Karine Bates
BACKGROUND: Based on an analysis of published literature, this paper provides an over-view of the challenges associated with delivering on the right to access quality health care for international migrants to industrialized countries, and asks which group of professionals is best equipped to provide services that increase health and legal literacy. Both rights and challenges are approached from a social justice perspective with the aim of identifying opportunities to promote greater health equity...
April 13, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400354/usability-of-a-novel-mobile-health-ipad-app-by-vulnerable-populations
#6
David P Miller, Kathryn E Weaver, L Doug Case, Donald Babcock, Donna Lawler, Nancy Denizard-Thompson, Michael P Pignone, John G Spangler
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in mobile technologies have created new opportunities to reach broadly into populations that are vulnerable to health disparities. However, mobile health (mHealth) strategies could paradoxically increase health disparities, if low socioeconomic status individuals lack the technical or literacy skills needed to navigate mHealth programs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether patients from vulnerable populations could successfully navigate and complete an mHealth patient decision aid...
April 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397640/school-based-disaster-recovery-promotion-of-children-s-mental-health-over-the-long-haul
#7
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Pilar Del Canto, Douglas Ahlers, Mario Valdivia Peralta, Judith Palfrey
The February 2010 earthquake and tsunamis destroyed 80% of the coastal town of Dichato, Chile, displacing over 400 families for nearly 4 years. The coalition Recupera Chile (RC) participated in the town's integrated recovery process from January 2011 to the present with a focus on children's mental health. The multidisciplinary RC coalition emphasized community-led post-disaster recovery, economic capacity rebuilding, and community health promotion (www.recuperachile.org). RC's child health team fostered partnerships between the local elementary school, health clinic, Universidad de Concepcion, and Boston Children's Hospital...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388977/a-new-comprehensive-short-form-health-literacy-survey-tool-for-patients-in-general
#8
Tuyen Van Duong, Peter WuShou Chang, Shih-Hsien Yang, Ming-Chu Chen, Wei-Ting Chao, Tara Chen, Priscilla Chiao, Hsiao-Ling Huang
PURPOSE: To validate a conceptual short-form health literacy 12 items questionnaire (HL-SF12) in patient populations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted via a convenient sample of 403 patients from three departments of a community general hospital in the northern Taiwan. Patients' health literacy was assessed with a validated HL-SF12, derived from the full scale, the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q), as well as a single-item from Chew's Set of Brief Health Literacy Question...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387075/-health-literacy-a-way-to-reduce-social-health-inequalities
#9
REVIEW
I Bragard, Ph A Coucke, B Pétré, A-M Etienne, M Guillaume
Health Literacy (HL) is defined as «the knowledge, motivation, and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgments and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life». This concept begins to be recognized as a priority area for action at political level in Belgium. Indeed, a limited HL may affect health by leading, for example, with poorer management of chronic diseases, more hospital admissions and premature deaths...
January 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384076/ehealth-literacy-patient-engagement-in-identifying-strategies-to-encourage-use-of-patient-portals-among-older-adults
#10
Eboni G Price-Haywood, Jewel Harden-Barrios, Robin Ulep, Qingyang Luo
Innovations in chronic disease management are growing rapidly as advancements in technology broaden the scope of tools. Older adults are less likely to be willing or able to use patient portals or smartphone apps for health-related tasks. The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of older adults (ages ≥50) with hypertension or diabetes to examine relationships between portal usage, interest in health-tracking tools, and eHealth literacy, and to solicit practical solutions to encourage technology adoption...
April 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383165/shaping-the-professional-landscape-through-research-advocacy-and-education-an-australian-perspective
#11
Gemma Siemensma, Ann Ritchie, Suzanne Lewis
This article is the first in a new series in this regular feature. The intention of the series is to look at important global developments in health science libraries. Librarians will be invited to share with HILJ readers key initiatives in their country or region. These articles should serve as a road map, describing the key changes in the field and exploring factors driving these changes. We initiate this series with an article by three Australian librarians who use research findings to depict the evolving professional landscape in their country...
April 6, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381096/bee-safe-a-skill-building-intervention-to-enhance-cam-health-literacy-lessons-learned
#12
Jean Shreffler-Grant, Elizabeth G Nichols, Clarann Weinert
The purpose is to describe a feasibility study of a skill-building intervention to enhance health literacy about complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies among older rural adults and share lessons learned. A study was designed to examine the feasibility of an intervention to enhance CAM health literacy. The theme was "Bee SAFE" for Be a wise user of CAM, Safety, Amount, From where, and Effect. Modules were presented face to face and by webinar with older adults at a senior center in one small rural community...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380127/-health-literacy-translation-and-validation-of-a-research-instrument-on-health-promotion-in-brazil
#13
Paulo Roberto Veiga Quemelo, Daniela Milani, Vinícius Funes Bento, Edgar Ramos Vieira, Jose Eduardo Zaia
The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt, and test the psychometric performance of a questionnaire to assess health literacy. Brazilian university students (n = 472) with a mean age of 22.7 (5.3) years participated in the study. The validities of the factor, convergent, and discriminant structure were tested using structural equations analysis. The 4-factors model showed only fair results, but was nevertheless the most adequate in terms of factor validity and proved invariant in independent samples...
March 30, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377732/shared-book-reading-promotes-not-only-language-development-but-also-grapheme-awareness-in-german-kindergarten-children
#14
Patricia B C Wesseling, Corinna A Christmann, Thomas Lachmann
Effects of shared book reading on expressive vocabulary and grapheme awareness without letter instruction in German kindergarteners (longitudinal; N = 69, 3;0-4;8 years) were investigated. Expressive vocabulary was measured by using a standardized test; grapheme awareness was measured by asking children to identify one grapheme per trial presented amongst non-letter distractors. Two methods of shared book reading were investigated, literacy enrichment (additional books) and teacher training in shared book reading strategies, both without explicit letter instruction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376973/does-context-matter-literacy-disparities-in-self-rated-health-using-evidence-from-17-developed-countries
#15
Yeonjin Lee
OBJECTIVES: The study examines whether adult literacy skills predict self-rated health status beyond educational credentials in 17 developed countries using a cross-national survey, the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). METHODS: The study uses linear regression models with country-level fixed effects to predict self-rated health to account the unobserved country-level heterogeneity. A total of 73,806 respondents aged 25 to 65 were included in the analysis...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376916/utilization-of-health-facilities-and-predictors-of-health-seeking-behavior-for-under-five-children-with-acute-diarrhea-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Worku Mulat, Helmut Kloos, Girmay Medhin
BACKGROUND: Information on health-seeking behavior and utilization of health facilities in slums of Addis Ababa is scarce, impeding the implementation of effective interventions. The purpose of this study is to assess the status of health facilities utilization and predictors for health-seeking behavior of mothers/caregivers of under-five children with acute diarrhea in slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study design was employed in five rounds of surveys in seven kebeles in slums of Addis Ababa among 472 mothers/caregivers of 472 under-five children with acute diarrhea in reference to Andersen's behavioral model...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371935/self-rated-health-literacy-is-associated-with-exercise-frequency-among-adults-aged-50-in-ireland
#17
S Gibney, G Doyle
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-rated health literacy and self-reported exercise frequency among people aged 50+ in Ireland. Data were from the European Health Literacy Survey (2011) a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of adults aged 15+ from eight countries. Health literacy was measured using composite indices (0-50, low to high) in three domains: healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion. Participants reported how often they exercised for 30 min or longer in the month prior to survey...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369396/strengthening-mental-health-system-governance-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-in-africa-and-south-asia-challenges-needs-and-potential-strategies
#18
Inge Petersen, Debbie Marais, Jibril Abdulmalik, Shalini Ahuja, Atalay Alem, Dan Chisholm, Catherine Egbe, Oye Gureje, Charlotte Hanlon, Crick Lund, Rahul Shidhaye, Mark Jordans, Fred Kigozi, James Mugisha, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Graham Thornicroft
Poor governance has been identified as a barrier to effective integration of mental health care in low- and middle-income countries. Governance includes providing the necessary policy and legislative framework to promote and protect the mental health of a population, as well as health system design and quality assurance to ensure optimal policy implementation. The aim of this study was to identify key governance challenges, needs and potential strategies that could facilitate adequate integration of mental health into primary health care settings in low- and middle-income countries...
February 27, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363439/patient-satisfaction-and-informed-consent-for-surgery
#19
Jennifer L Hallock, Rebeca Rios, Victoria L Handa
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is a process that necessitates time and effort. Underlying this investment is the belief that informing patients about the surgery promotes patient satisfaction with the decision for surgery and potentially satisfaction more broadly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the extent to which preoperative satisfaction with a decision to pursue surgery is associated with understanding after an informed consent discussion...
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334739/hiv-treatment-as-prevention-implications-for-health-promotion
#20
Sean Slavin
Evidence has been accumulating in recent years that individuals with HIV who are effectively treated with antiretroviral drugs are highly unlikely to transmit the virus to their sexual partners. This approach has great potential to contribute to ongoing prevention efforts and has been termed 'treatment as prevention'. International political momentum has been building in recent years to attempt to significantly reduce new HIV infections globally and end the epidemic by 2030. In pursuit of such aims a number of local health authorities and communities have adopted intensified 'test and treat' strategies to quickly diagnose infections and reduce the risk of onward transmission through an immediate offer of treatment...
October 8, 2016: Health Promotion International
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