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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103914/health-literacy-of-recently-hospitalised-patients-a-cross-sectional-survey-using-the-health-literacy-questionnaire-hlq
#1
Rebecca L Jessup, Richard H Osborne, Alison Beauchamp, Allison Bourne, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is simply defined as an individual's ability to access, understand and use information in ways that promote and maintain good health. Lower health literacy has been found to be associated with increased emergency department presentations and potentially avoidable hospitalisations. This study aimed to determine the health literacy of hospital inpatients, and to examine if associations exist between different dimensions of their health literacy, sociodemographic characteristics and hospital services use...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101274/enhancing-scientific-literacy-in-the-undergraduate-cell-biology-laboratory-classroom
#2
Hadiya Woodham, Gili Marbach-Ad, Gretchen Downey, Erika Tomei, Katerina Thompson
This paper describes the implementation of the Scientific Literacy in Cell Biology (SLCB) curriculum in an undergraduate biology laboratory course. The SLCB curriculum incorporated the reading and discussion of primary literature into hands-on and collaborative practical experiences. It was implemented in five stages over an 11-week period, during which students were also introduced to the theory and practice of common cell biology techniques. We report on the effectiveness of the course, as measured by pre- and post-course survey data probing students' content knowledge and their level of familiarity, confidence, and experience with different skills pertaining to analyzing (reading, interpreting, and discussing) primary literature...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093057/if-it-works-for-pills-can-it-work-for-skills-direct-to-consumer-social-marketing-of-evidence-based-psychological-treatments
#3
Robert D Friedberg, Hasan Bayar
The emergence of evidence-based psychological treatments (EVPTs) is a scientific success story, but unfortunately the application of these empirically supported procedures has been slow to gain ground in treatment-as-usual settings. This Open Forum commentary argues that direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing, which has worked well in communicating the advantages of various medicines, should perhaps be considered for use in social marketing of EVPTs. DTC marketing of pharmaceuticals is a long-standing advertising strategy in the United States...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079529/leveraging-the-skills-of-nurses-and-the-power-of-language-nutrition-to-ensure-a-better-future-for-children
#4
Ashley Darcy Mahoney, Lauren Head Zauche, Sunny Hallowell, Arianne Weldon, Jennifer Stapel-Wax
BACKGROUND: Early language exposure is critical for language acquisition and significantly influences a child's literacy skills. However, preterm infants may experience language deprivation in the neonatal intensive care unit. Nurses are vital to helping parents understand their critical role in early language development. PURPOSE: To discuss the impact of language-rich interactions and interventions that promote early language exposure, or Language Nutrition, by parents and caregivers on the long-term developmental, language, and educational outcomes of high-risk infants...
January 11, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073739/the-associations-among-individual-factors-ehealth-literacy-and-health-promoting-lifestyles-among-college-students
#5
Shu-Ching Yang, Yi-Fang Luo, Chia-Hsun Chiang
BACKGROUND: eHealth literacy is gaining importance for maintaining and promoting health. Studies have found that individuals with high eHealth literacy are more likely to adopt healthy eating, exercise, and sleep behaviors. In addition, previous studies have shown that various individual factors (eg, frequency of seeking information on health issues, degree of health concern, frequency of eating organic food, and students' college major) are associated with eHealth literacy and health-promoting lifestyles...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068110/maternal-scaffolding-in-a-disadvantaged-global-context-the-influence-of-working-memory-and-cognitive-capacities
#6
Jelena Obradović, Ximena A Portilla, Nicole Tirado-Strayer, Saima Siyal, Muneera A Rasheed, Aisha K Yousafzai
The current study focuses on maternal cognitive capacities as determinants of parenting in a highly disadvantaged global context, where children's experiences at home are often the 1st and only opportunity for learning and intellectual growth. In a large sample of 1,291 biological mothers of preschool-aged children in rural Pakistan, we examined the unique association of maternal working memory skills (independent of related cognitive capacities) with cognitively stimulating parenting behaviors. Path analysis revealed that directly assessed working memory, short-term memory, and verbal intelligence independently predicted greater levels of observed maternal scaffolding behaviors...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067934/the-end-of-measles-and-congenital-rubella-an-achievable-dream
#7
G Adamo, G Sturabotti, E D'Andrea, V Baccolini, F Romano, S Iannazzo, C Marzuillo, P Villari
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial progress towards measles and rubella control, outbreaks continue to threaten elimination goals worldwide. STUDY DESIGN: This paper aims to document progress towards the global eradication of measles and rubella. In particular, it investigates the major challenges faced by Italy in reaching the elimination goals. METHODS: A review of the most important literature was carried out. Furthermore, a systematic review of the scientific literature on measles and rubella in the Italian setting was performed for the period 2000-2016...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067463/enhanced-education-for-bowel-preparation-before-colonoscopy-a-state-of-the-art-review
#8
Zhu Liu, Ming Ming Zhang, Yue Yue Li, Li Xiang Li, Yan Qing Li
Colonoscopy remains the mainstay in the diagnosis and monitoring for colorectal cancer and other colorectal lesions. The diagnostic efficiency of colonoscopy highly depends on the quality of bowel preparation, which is closely associated with patient's compliance to preparation instructions. In addition, the procedural requirements of bowel preparation are often complex and difficult to be comprehended and memorized by patients, especially those with lower health literacy and motivation. Therefore, in recent years, many educational methods have been constantly developed, such as educational booklets, cartoon visual aids, educational videos, the short message service, the telephone, social media applications and smart phone applications...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067109/depression-literacy-in-women-attending-university-hospital-clinics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#9
Amna Rehana Siddiqui, Sarah Mahasin, Roa Alsajjan, Marwah Hassounah, Zeinah Alhalees, Norah AlSaif, Fahad D Alosaimi, AlJohara AlQuaiz
BACKGROUND: Depression literacy in general population constitutes an ability to understand depression, with knowledge of disease, its risk factors and symptoms. High levels of depression literacy promote early intervention, potentially reducing related disability. AIM: This study investigated the depression literacy in women visitors to clinics of a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Women of 18 and more years were surveyed during their visit to primary and other healthcare clinics of a public hospital in Riyadh...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053660/causes-of-and-risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-the-beliefs-of-iraqi-and-afghan-refugees-resettled-in-australia
#10
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Anisa Yaser, Jonathan Mond, Mitchell Smith, Diana Milosevic, Caroline Smith, Sanja Lujic, Anthony Francis Jorm
BACKGROUND: Resettled refugees are a vulnerable group for mental health problems and in particular, trauma-related disorders. Evidence suggests that poor 'mental health literacy' (MHL) is a major factor in low or inappropriate treatment-seeking among individuals with mental health problems. This study sought to determine the beliefs regarding the causes of and risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) amongst two resettled refugee groups in Australia. METHODS: Utilising a culturally adapted MHL survey method, 225 Iraqis and 150 Afghans of refugee background were surveyed...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049458/factors-associated-with-male-involvement-in-reproductive-care-in-bangladesh
#11
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Seydou Ide, Hang Fu, Manli Wang, Zhifei He, Feng Da, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Men's active involvement in reproductive healthcare has shown to be positively associated with maternal and child health outcomes. Bangladesh has made appreciable progress in its pursuance of maternal mortality related goals in the framework of the MDGs. However, there remains a lot to be accomplished to realise the long-term goals for which active participation of male counterparts in reproductive care is crucial. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate factors associated with male involvement in reproductive health among Bangladeshi men...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011659/measuring-health-literacy-in-university-students-in-vientiane-lao-pdr
#12
Laina Runk, Jo Durham, Viengnakhone Vongxay, Vanphanom Sychareun
Health literacy includes the knowledge, motivation and competence of a person to make judgments and decisions on health information in order to promote and maintain their health in relation to health care, disease prevention and health promotion. The role health literacy plays in determining health outcomes makes it an important focus of public health research. In line with a larger Asia wide initiative (HLS-Asia), this study set out to measure health literacy in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao-PDR)...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999843/preference-of-food-saltiness-and-willingness-to-consume-low-sodium-content-food-in-a-chinese-population
#13
P H Chau, H H Y Ngai, A Y M Leung, S F Li, L O Y Yeung, K C Tan-Un
OBJECTIVE: To compare the preference of food saltiness and the willingness to consume low-sodium food among hypertensive older people, non-hypertensive older people and non-hypertensive young people in a Chinese population. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study based on a quota sample. Three saltiness options (low-sodium, medium-sodium and high-sodium) of soup and bread were offered to each participant who rated the taste of each food on a 5-point Likert scale. Then, the participants rated their willingness to consume the low-sodium content foods on a 5-point Likert scale, given they were informed of the benefit of the low-sodium option...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968872/preferences-for-participation-in-shared-decision-making-among-cataract-patients-in-urban-southern-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Yingfeng Zheng, Wenyong Huang, Baixiang Xiao, Bo Qu, Wenyang Peng, Bin Liu, Ling Jin, Ecosse Lamoureux, Yizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making is known to facilitate quality care, but little research has been done to explore this issue in mainland China. This study aimed to assess the preferred and perceived involvement in decision-making among patients considering cataract surgery, which is the most commonly performed procedure worldwide. METHODS: Patients awaiting cataract surgery were enrolled at a tertiary eye hospital in Guangzhou between May, 2015, and May, 2016, and completed a standardised interview...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965863/a-theory-informed-approach-to-developing-visually-mediated-interventions-to-change-behaviour-using-an-asthma-and-physical-activity-intervention-exemplar
#15
Jennifer Murray, Brian Williams, Gaylor Hoskins, Silje Skar, John McGhee, Shaun Treweek, Falko F Sniehotta, Aziz Sheikh, Gordon Brown, Suzanne Hagen, Linda Cameron, Claire Jones, Dylan Gauld
BACKGROUND: Visualisation techniques are used in a range of healthcare interventions. However, these frequently lack a coherent rationale or clear theoretical basis. This lack of definition and explicit targeting of the underlying mechanisms may impede the success of and evaluation of the intervention. We describe the theoretical development, deployment, and pilot evaluation, of a complex visually mediated behavioural intervention. The exemplar intervention focused on increasing physical activity among young people with asthma...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940795/children-and-adolescents-and-digital-media
#16
Yolanda Linda Reid Chassiakos, Jenny Radesky, Dimitri Christakis, Megan A Moreno, Corinn Cross
Today's children and adolescents are immersed in both traditional and new forms of digital media. Research on traditional media, such as television, has identified health concerns and negative outcomes that correlate with the duration and content of viewing. Over the past decade, the use of digital media, including interactive and social media, has grown, and research evidence suggests that these newer media offer both benefits and risks to the health of children and teenagers. Evidence-based benefits identified from the use of digital and social media include early learning, exposure to new ideas and knowledge, increased opportunities for social contact and support, and new opportunities to access health promotion messages and information...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940702/promoting-health-literacy-for-children-and-adolescents
#17
Tyler N A Winkelman, Martina T Caldwell, Brandon Bertram, Matthew M Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918849/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-health-conceptualizations-an-exploratory-study-of-elementary-school-aged-children
#18
Krishna Bhagat, Donna E Howard, Linda Aldoory
Analyzing children's conceptualizations of health and body and health literacy will significantly add understanding to how problematic health attitudes and behaviors may take root (Driessnack, Chung, Perkhounkova, & Hein, 2014). The knowledge gained from such an assessment can be applied towards communication contexts that aim to promote children's health literacy and their well-being. With increased health literacy, children can actively participate in decision-making regarding their own health and can understand why healthy behaviors are important to adult health (Borzekowski, 2009)...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912928/translating-self-persuasion-into-an-adolescent-hpv-vaccine-promotion-intervention-for-parents-attending-safety-net-clinics
#19
Austin S Baldwin, Deanna C Denman, Margarita Sala, Emily G Marks, L Aubree Shay, Sobha Fuller, Donna Persaud, Simon Craddock Lee, Celette Sugg Skinner, Deborah J Wiebe, Jasmin A Tiro
OBJECTIVE: Self-persuasion is an effective behavior change strategy, but has not been translated for low-income, less educated, uninsured populations attending safety-net clinics or to promote human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. We developed a tablet-based application (in English and Spanish) to elicit parental self-persuasion for adolescent HPV vaccination and evaluated its feasibility in a safety-net population. METHODS: Parents (N=45) of age-eligible adolescents used the self-persuasion application...
November 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#20
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
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