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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918849/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-health-conceptualizations-an-exploratory-study-of-elementary-school-aged-children
#1
Krishna Bhagat, Donna E Howard, Linda Aldoory
Analyzing children's conceptualizations of health and body and health literacy will significantly add understanding to how problematic health attitudes and behaviors may take root (Driessnack, Chung, Perkhounkova, & Hein, 2014). The knowledge gained from such an assessment can be applied towards communication contexts that aim to promote children's health literacy and their well-being. With increased health literacy, children can actively participate in decision-making regarding their own health and can understand why healthy behaviors are important to adult health (Borzekowski, 2009)...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912928/translating-self-persuasion-into-an-adolescent-hpv-vaccine-promotion-intervention-for-parents-attending-safety-net-clinics
#2
Austin S Baldwin, Deanna C Denman, Margarita Sala, Emily G Marks, L Aubree Shay, Sobha Fuller, Donna Persaud, Simon Craddock Lee, Celette Sugg Skinner, Deborah J Wiebe, Jasmin A Tiro
OBJECTIVE: Self-persuasion is an effective behavior change strategy, but has not been translated for low-income, less educated, uninsured populations attending safety-net clinics or to promote human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. We developed a tablet-based application (in English and Spanish) to elicit parental self-persuasion for adolescent HPV vaccination and evaluated its feasibility in a safety-net population. METHODS: Parents (N=45) of age-eligible adolescents used the self-persuasion application...
November 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#3
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894219/exposure-to-culturally-sensitive-sexual-health-information-and-impact-on-health-literacy-a-qualitative-study-among-newly-arrived-refugee-women-in-sweden
#4
Pia Svensson, Katarina Carlzén, Anette Agardh
In Sweden, migrants have poorer sexual and reproductive health compared to the general population. Health literacy, in the form of the cognitive and social skills enabling access to health promoting activities, is often poorer among migrants, partly due to language and cultural barriers. Culturally sensitive health education provides a strategy for enhancing health literacy. Since 2012, specially trained civic and health communicators have provided sexual and reproductive health and rights information to newly arrived refugees in Skåne, Sweden...
November 29, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890982/towards-a-better-health-care-delivery-system-the-tamil-nadu-model
#5
R Parthasarathi, S P Sinha
The Tamil Nadu model of public health is renowned for its success in providing quality health services at an affordable cost especially to the rural people. Tamil Nadu is the only state with a distinctive public health cadre in the district level and also the first state to enact a Public Health Act in 1939. Tamil Nadu has gained significant ground in the various aspects of health in the last few decades largely because of the significant reforms in its health sector which dates back to 1980s which saw rigorous expansion of rural health infrastructure in the state besides deployment of thousands of multipurpose health workers as village health nurses in rural areas...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882266/community-interventions-to-improve-cooking-skills-and-their-effects-on-confidence-and-eating-behaviour
#6
REVIEW
Ada L Garcia, Rebecca Reardon, Matthew McDonald, Elisa J Vargas-Garcia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Community-based interventions aiming to improve cooking skills are a popular strategy to promote healthy eating. We reviewed current evidence on the effectiveness of these interventions on different confidence aspects and fruit and vegetable intake. RECENT FINDINGS: Evaluation of cooking programmes consistently report increased confidence in cooking skills in adults across different age groups and settings. The effectiveness of these programmes on modifying eating behaviour is less consistent, but small increases in self-reported consumption of fruit and vegetables are also described...
2016: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877025/medication-knowledge-of-patients-hospitalized-for-heart-failure-at-admission-and-after-discharge
#7
Florian Custodis, Franziska Rohlehr, Angelika Wachter, Michael Böhm, Martin Schulz, Ulrich Laufs
BACKGROUND: A substantial aspect of health literacy is the knowledge of prescribed medication. In chronic heart failure, incomplete intake of prescribed drugs (medication non-adherence) is inversely associated with clinical prognosis. Therefore, we assessed medication knowledge in a cohort of patients with decompensated heart failure at hospital admission and after discharge in a prospective, cross-sectional study. METHODS: One hundred and eleven patients presenting at the emergency department with acute decompensated heart failure were included (mean age 78...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854539/breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-literacy-among-korean-american-women-a-community-health-worker-led-intervention
#8
Hae-Ra Han, Youngshin Song, Miyong Kim, Haley K Hedlin, Kyounghae Kim, Hochang Ben Lee, Debra Roter
OBJECTIVES: To test a community health worker (CHW)-led health literacy intervention on mammogram and Papanicolaou test screening among Korean American women. METHODS: We conducted a cluster-randomized trial at 23 ethnic churches in the Baltimore, Maryland-Washington, DC, metropolitan area between 2010 and 2014. Trained CHWs enrolled 560 women. The intervention group received an individually tailored cancer-screening brochure followed by CHW-led health literacy training and monthly telephone counseling with navigation assistance...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852947/psychological-distress-and-associated-factors-among-mexican-american-adolescent-females
#9
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
INTRODUCTION: Mental health literacy is a critical component of adolescent health enabling recognition, management, and prevention of psychological distress. Adolescents engaging in risk behaviors and experiencing interpersonal violence, substance use, and pregnancy are at high risk for psychological distress. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data collected via a control randomized trial among Mexican American females (aged 14-18 years; N = 461) experiencing high-risk sexual behavior, interpersonal violence, and sexually transmitted infection was conducted with comparisons of psychological distress by pregnancy status...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848727/results-from-canada-s-2016-participaction-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#10
Joel D Barnes, Christine Cameron, Valerie Carson, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Guy E J Faulkner, Katherine Janson, Ian Janssen, Roger Kramers, Allana G LeBlanc, John C Spence, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The ParticipACTION Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is the most comprehensive assessment of child and youth physical activity in Canada and provides an update or "state of the nation" that assesses how Canada is doing at promoting and facilitating physical activity opportunities for children and youth. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the results of the 2016 ParticipACTION Report Card. METHODS: Twelve physical activity indicators were graded by a committee of experts using a process that was informed by the best available evidence...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803197/just-a-subtle-difference-findings-from-a-systematic-review-on-definitions-of-nutrition-literacy-and-food-literacy
#11
Corinna Krause, Kathrin Sommerhalder, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Thomas Abel
Nutrition literacy and food literacy have become increasingly important concepts in health promotion. Researchers use one or the other term to describe the competencies needed to maintain a healthy diet. This systematic review examines whether these terms are synonymous or if their meanings are substantially different.We searched major bibliographic databases (Web of Science, PubMed, ScienceDirect, CINAHL, SocIndex and ERIC) for publications that provided an original definition of nutrition or food literacy...
November 1, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797654/associations-of-government-health-expenditures-the-supply-of-health-care-professionals-and-country-literacy-with-prenatal-care-use-in-ten-west-african-countries
#12
Yhenneko J Taylor, Sarah B Laditka, James N Laditka, Larissa R Brunner Huber, Elizabeth F Racine
Social and health care context may influence prenatal care use. We studied associations of government health expenditures, supply of health care professionals, and country literacy rates with prenatal care use in ten West African countries, controlling for individual factors. We used data from Demographic and Health Surveys (n = 58,512) and random effect logistic regression models to estimate the likelihood of having any prenatal care and adequate prenatal care. Each percentage increase in the literacy rate was associated with 4% higher odds of having adequate prenatal care (p = ...
October 31, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788351/embedding-health-literacy-into-health-systems-a-case-study-of-a-regional-health-service
#13
Lucia Vellar, Fiorina Mastroianni, Kelly Lambert
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe how one regional health service the Illawarra Shoalhaven Local Health District embedded health literacy principles into health systems over a 3-year period.Methods Using a case study approach, this article describes the development of key programs and the manner in which clinical incidents were used to create a health environment that allows consumers the right to equitably access quality health services and to participate in their own health care.Results The key outcomes demonstrating successful embedding of health literacy into health systems in this regional health service include the creation of a governance structure and web-based platform for developing and testing plain English consumer health information, a clearly defined process to engage with consumers, development of the health literacy ambassador training program and integrating health literacy into clinical quality improvement processes via a formal program with consumers to guide processes such as improvements to access and navigation around hospital sites...
October 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784650/how-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-comorbid-health-conditions-utilize-ehealth-to-manage-their-health-care-needs-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#14
Julia M Whealin, Emily C Jenchura, Ava C Wong, Donna M Zulman
BACKGROUND: Mental health conditions are prevalent among US veterans and pose a number of self-management and health care navigation challenges. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) with comorbid chronic medical conditions (CMCs) is especially common, in both returning Iraq or Afghanistan and earlier war-era veterans. Patient-facing electronic health (eHealth) technology may offer innovative strategies to support these individuals' needs. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to identify the types of eHealth tools that veterans with PTSD and comorbid CMCs use, understand how they currently use eHealth technology to self-manage their unique health care needs, and identify new eHealth resources that veterans feel would empower them to better manage their health care...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777218/a-multimedia-child-developmental-screening-checklist-design-and-validation
#15
Hsin-Yi Kathy Cheng, Li-Ying Chen, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Yan-Ying Ju, Chia-Ling Chen, Kevin C Tseng
BACKGROUND: Identifying disability early in life confers long-term benefits for children. The Taipei City Child Development Screening tool, second version (Taipei II) provides checklists for 13 child age groups from 4 months to 6 years. However, the usability of a text-based screening tool largely depends on the literacy level and logical reasoning ability of the caregivers, as well as language barriers caused by increasing numbers of immigrants. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) design and develop a Web-based multimedia version of the current Taipei II developmental screening tool, and (2) investigate the measurement equivalence of this multimedia version to the original paper-based version...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771492/what-is-the-status-of-food-literacy-in-australian-high-schools-perceptions-of-home-economics-teachers
#16
Rimante Ronto, Lauren Ball, Donna Pendergast, Neil Harris
The high school setting has been identified as an ideal setting to teach adolescents about healthy dietary behaviours. This study explored home economics teachers' (HETs) views on the role of high schools in enhancing adolescents' food literacy and promoting healthy dietary behaviours. Semi-structured interviews with 22 HETs were conducted. The interview questions focused on the perceived strengths/opportunities and the limitations/barriers in enhancing adolescents' food literacy and healthy dietary behaviours in Australian high schools...
October 19, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769231/a-dynamic-approach-to-communication-in-health-literacy-education
#17
Herman Veenker, Wolter Paans
BACKGROUND: Research within the framework of Self-Determination Theory (SDT) indicates that patients' autonomy is to be considered a critical health care outcome in its own right since it promotes improved mental and physical health. This paper presents an analysis of studies addressing communication and interaction interventions in health literacy curricula for medical and health care practitioners, focusing on patient-oriented skills in "making sense" and "to adapt and self-manage"...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764962/willingness-to-use-mental-health-counseling-and-antidepressants-in-older-korean-americans-the-role-of-beliefs-and-stigma-about-depression
#18
Nan Sook Park, Yuri Jang, David A Chiriboga
OBJECTIVES: Despite a high prevalence of mental health problems, racial/ethnic minorities are often reluctant to seek mental health services. Their reluctance may be shaped by cultural beliefs and stigma about mental health. The present study examined how beliefs and stigma about depression (e.g. disbelief in depression as a health-related condition, perception of depression as a normal part of aging, and/or depression as a sign of personal weakness/family shame) pose barriers to older Korean Americans' willingness to use mental health counseling and antidepressants...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757025/older-adults-attitudes-and-barriers-toward-the-use-of-mobile-phones
#19
Nasrin Navabi, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Zahra Jannat-Alipoor
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The limitations caused by the process of aging and the prevalence of chronic diseases contribute to reduced performance in physical, psychological, and social areas of life in older people. The use of mobile phones as easily accessible portable tools with a high performance is associated with an increased health literacy, self-care, and independence in older people. The present study was conducted to determine older people's attitudes toward the use of mobile phones and the barriers to their use...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748248/implementation-of-sleep-and-circadian-science-recommendations-from-the-sleep-research-society-and-national-institutes-of-health-workshop
#20
Sairam Parthasarathy, Mary A Carskadon, Girardin Jean-Louis, Judith Owens, Adam Bramoweth, Daniel Combs, Lauren Hale, Elizabeth Harrison, Chantelle N Hart, Brant P Hasler, Sarah M Honaker, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Samuel Kuna, Clete Kushida, Jessica C Levenson, Caitlin Murray, Allan I Pack, Vivek Pillai, Kristi Pruiksma, Azizi Seixas, Patrick Strollo, Saurabh S Thosar, Natasha Williams, Daniel Buysse
A wealth of scientific knowledge is being generated in sleep and circadian science. In order for us to realize the return on investment for such scientific knowledge and to improve the health of the nation, we need to disseminate and implement research findings into practice. An implementation gap - termed a "quality chasm" by the Institutes of Medicine - separates the scientific knowledge we possess and the implementation of such knowledge into preventative interventions or healthcare treatments. It is frequently reported that a time lag of 17 years transpires before medical research reaches clinical practice...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
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