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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028524/sleep-health-assessment-a-scale-validation
#1
Nathália Brandolim Becker, Rute Isabel Santos Martins, Saul de Neves Jesus, Roberto Chiodelli, Michael Stephen Rieber
Sleep health is a new and important concept. Considering the need to expand the research on sleep from the health perspective, this research proposes to validate a Sleep Health Scale (SHS) for use with the Portuguese adult population. A sample of 540 community-dwelling adults aged 18-90 years old was included. The SHS scores ranged from 0 to 30 with a mean of 19.09 (SD ± 6.49). The distribution indicated that all socio demographic variables (age, gender, and literacy) influenced sleep health. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) demonstrated one factor for this measurement model with poor indices (Chi-square (df) = 55...
October 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027479/understanding-barriers-to-literacy-promotion-among-new-jersey-general-pediatricians
#2
Julia Mayne, Shilpa Pai, Lesley Morrow, Daniel Lima, Manuel E Jimenez
Low literacy is associated with poor health. We sought to examine pediatricians' attitudes and practices regarding literacy promotion in early childhood. We distributed a self-administered 23-item survey to a random sample of 500 board certified or eligible New Jersey primary care pediatricians. 134 surveys were returned, 25 of which were excluded. In all, 91% of pediatricians in our sample agreed that literacy promotion was an essential aspect of practice, and two-thirds agreed that they conduct activities to promote literacy...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#3
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983200/characteristics-of-personal-health-information-management-groups-findings-from-an-online-survey-using-amazon-s-mturk
#4
Sujin Kim, Jeffrey T Huber
OBJECTIVE: The study characterized three groups with different levels of familiarity with personal health information management (PHIM) in terms of their demographics, health knowledge, technological competency, and information sources and barriers. In addition, the authors examined differences among PHIM groups in subjective self-ratings and objective test scores for health literacy. METHODS: A total of 202 survey participants were recruited using Amazon's Mechanical Turk (mTurk) service, a crowdsourcing Internet service...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976296/a-review-of-mental-health-literacy-in-singapore
#5
Kareen N Tonsing
Mental health is a major concern throughout the world. The lifetime prevalence of mental health problems in Singapore for those aged 18 years and above was reported to be 12%. However, studies on mental health literacy are relatively scarce in Singapore. The aim of this paper is to provide a topical review of local studies on mental health literacy, people's knowledge of, and attitude toward mental illness, and beliefs about mental health treatment. A narrative review of studies on mental health literacy in Singapore covering the period from 1995 to 2016 highlights the findings from various local studies about attitudes toward mental illness, belief about the causes, and help-seeking behavior...
October 4, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973222/health-literacy-of-commercial-industry-managers-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-in-germany
#6
Silja Fiedler, Timo-Kolja Pförtner, Anika Nitzsche, Lorna McKee, Holger Pfaff
Managers have been neglected in health literacy research. There still is little known about the health-literacy status and needs of commercial industry managers. This article reduces the existing knowledge gap by presenting findings of an exploratory qualitative study. We conducted 23 separate semi-structured interviews of managers from all management levels (low, middle and top) and experts in the field of health management and/or personnel management. The qualitative interviews were analysed according to Mayring's content analytic approach using MAXQDA...
September 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972527/the-relevance-of-health-literacy-to-mhealth
#7
Gary L Kreps
This chapter examines the importance of health literacy to the design and use of mobile digital health information technology (mHealth) applications. Over the past two decades mHealth has evolved to become a major health communication channel for delivering health care, promoting health, and tracking health behaviors. Yet, there are serious communication challenges that must be addressed concerning the best way to design and utilize mHealth application to achieve key health promotion goals, including assuring the appropriateness and effectiveness of mHealth messaging for audiences with different communication competencies, styles, and health literacy levels, to ensure that mHealth applications are truly effective tools for health promotion...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972525/integrating-participatory-design-and-health-literacy-to-improve-research-and-interventions
#8
Linda Neuhauser
Health communication is an essential health promotion strategy to convert scientific findings into actionable, empowering information for the public. Health communication interventions have shown positive outcomes, but many efforts have been disappointing. A key weakness is that expert-designed health communication is often overly generic and not adequately aligned with the abilities, preferences and life situations of specific audiences. The emergence of the field of health literacy is providing powerful theoretical guidance and practice strategies...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972524/engaging-patients-in-decision-making-and-behavior-change-to-promote-prevention
#9
Alex H Krist, Sebastian T Tong, Rebecca A Aycock, Daniel R Longo
Effectively engaging patients in their care is essential to improve health outcomes, improve satisfaction with the care experience, reduce costs, and even benefit the clinician experience. This chapter will address the topic of patient engagement directly and review the relationships between health literacy and patient engagement. While there are many ways to define patient and family engagement, this chapter will consider engagement as "patients, families, their representatives, and health professionals working in active partnership at various levels across the health care system - direct care, organizational design and governance, and policy making - to improve health and health care [1]...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972515/data-driven-maternal-health-literacy-promotion-and-a-postscript-on-its-implications
#10
Sandra A Smith, Lauren N Carroll
Scientific discovery and global health policy are moving health literacy promotion and maternal-child health from the fringes of research and public health to the forefront of healthcare reform [1]. In 2011 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Shanghai Declaration [2]. The Declaration highlights new understanding of the origins of health and disease in early development. It calls on all nations to apply this knowledge to reduce the burdens of chronic disease and related disparities worldwide. The Declaration recommends a specific intervention strategy: promote health literacy across the life course, particularly in parents and children, and empower women...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970649/impacts-of-a-literacy-focused-preschool-curriculum-on-the-early-literacy-skills-of-language-minority-children
#11
J Marc Goodrich, Christopher J Lonigan, Jo Ann M Farver
Spanish-speaking language-minority (LM) children are at an elevated risk of struggling academically and display signs of that risk during early childhood. Therefore, high-quality research is needed to identify instructional techniques that promote the school readiness of Spanish-speaking LM children. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention that utilized an experimental curriculum and two professional development models for the development of English and Spanish early literacy skills among LM children...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970034/diabetes-structured-self-management-education-programmes-a-narrative-review-and-current-innovations
#12
REVIEW
Sudesna Chatterjee, Melanie J Davies, Simon Heller, Jane Speight, Frank J Snoek, Kamlesh Khunti
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are associated with long-term complications that can be prevented or delayed by intensive glycaemic management. People who are empowered and skilled to self-manage their diabetes have improved health outcomes. Over the past 20 years, diabetes self-management education programmes have been shown to be efficacious and cost-effective in promotion and facilitation of self-management, with improvements in patients' knowledge, skills, and motivation leading to improved biomedical, behavioural, and psychosocial outcomes...
September 29, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969655/four-level-evaluation-of-health-promotion-intervention-for-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Leila Basir, Bita Rasteh, Ali Montazeri, Marzieh Araban
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common dental disease among children, which can affect children's primary teeth during their teething. This study evaluates an intervention for preventing early childhood caries in a pediatric population in Ahvaz, Iran. METHOD: The population of this study (IRCT2017070210804N10) consists of 104 women with 12 to 36 months of age without dental caries referred to a health care center in Ahvaz, Iran. The children were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group in equal numbers...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958984/influence-of-information-and-communication-technologies-on-the-resilience-and-coping-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-youth-in-the-united-states-and-canada-project-queery-mixed-methods-survey
#14
Shelley L Craig, Lauren B McInroy, Sandra A D'Souza, Ashley Austin, Lance T McCready, Andrew D Eaton, Leslie R Shade, M Alex Wagaman
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender minority youth are a population in peril, exemplified by their disproportionate risk of negative experiences and outcomes. Sexual and gender minority youth may be particularly active users of information and communication technologies (ICTs), and it is important to identify the potential contributions of ICTs to their resilience and well-being. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to (1) investigate the use of ICTs by sexual and gender minority youth, (2) identify the ways that ICTs influence the resilience and coping of sexual and gender minority youth, focusing on promotion of well-being through self-guided support-seeking (particularly using mobile devices), (3) develop a contextually relevant theoretical conceptualization of resilience incorporating minority stress and ecological approaches, (4) generate best practices and materials that are accessible to multiple interested groups, and (5) identify whether video narratives are a viable alternative to collect qualitative responses in Web-based surveys for youth...
September 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954690/a-two-way-street-reciprocal-teaching-and-learning-in-refugee-health
#15
Timothy James Martin, Coen Butters, Linny Phuong
The Water Well Project is a health promotion charity that aims to improve the health literacy of individuals of refugee, asylum seeker and migrant backgrounds. Health literacy is an important predictor of health status, but many Australians cannot demonstrate functional health literacy, and individuals from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds are at higher risk of poor health literacy. The primary participants of The Water Well Project's health education sessions are individuals of refugee, asylum seeker and migrant background, who are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality due to a range of factors...
September 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948598/-constructing-a-peer-led-self-management-program-for-elderly-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Wen-Chun Chen, Chiu-Chu Lin
Changes in lifestyle and increasing age are associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome. In order to better control the incidence of metabolic syndrome nationwide, healthcare providers must provide age-appropriate care information to their elderly patients that addresses critical factors such as physiological function, social psychology, and emotional and health literacy in order to empower these patients to self-manage their condition and to enhance their self-care-related motivation and confidence...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942437/assessment-of-health-literacy-with-the-newest-vital-sign-and-its-correlation-with-body-mass-index-in-female-adolescent-students
#17
Samira Olyani, Hadi Tehrani, Habibullah Esmaily, Mohammadreza Mohammadzadeh Rezaii, Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi
Background One of the significant outcomes of health education is health literacy (HL), which should be expanded to improve health promotion. Objective The aim of this study was to assess HL and its relationship with Body Mass Index (BMI) in female adolescent students. Subjects This study was conducted on 235 female students (aged 13-15 years) which were selected with cluster sampling. Methods For assessing HL, the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) was used and BMI Z-score was evaluated following the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936236/patient-oriented-health-technologies-patients-perspectives-and-use
#18
Amy M Bauer, Tessa Rue, Sean A Munson, Reza Hosseini Ghomi, Gina A Keppel, Allison M Cole, Laura-Mae Baldwin, Wayne Katon
BACKGROUND: For patient-oriented mobile health tools to contribute meaningfully to improving healthcare delivery, widespread acceptance and use of such tools by patients are critical. However, little is known about patients' attitudes toward using health technology and their willingness to share health data with providers. AIMS: To investigate primary care patients' comfort sharing health information through mobile devices, and patients' awareness and use of patient portals...
August 2017: Journal of Mobile Technology in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933570/developing-pictorial-asthma-action-plans-to-promote-self-management-and-health-in-rural-youth-with-asthma-a-qualitative-study
#19
Christina L Duncan, Heather A Walker, Laurel Brabson, Desireé N Williford, Lisa Hynes, Mary Beth Hogan
OBJECTIVE: Asthma action plans (AAPs) provide asthma management instructions to families; however, AAPs typically are written at a 7th-9th grade reading level, making them less useful in lower literacy families. There is a need to develop simpler AAP formats and content to optimize their utility across all families, including those who are rural and may be at a risk for literacy concerns. Because using pictures can simplify and enhance health education, our study's aim was to develop a pictorial AAP through a series of focus groups with key stakeholders - youth with asthma, caregivers, and physicians...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926330/-diabetes-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-portuguese-population-in-2014
#20
Joana Santos, Irina Kislaya, Liliana Antunes, Ana João Santos, Ana Paula Paula Rodrigues, Mariana Neto, Carlos Matias Dias
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a major public health problem and it is related to socioeconomic factors. The aim of this study is to describe socioeconomic inequalities in the distribution of diabetes in the population with 25 years or more, resident in Portugal in 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the Health National Survey 2014 was analysed, n = 16 786. We estimated the prevalence of diabetes in the population and stratified by socioeconomic variables namely educational level and income...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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