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Literacy promotion

Lisa B Hurwitz
Most U.S. preschoolers have consumed media created with funding from the U.S. Department of Education's Ready To Learn (RTL) initiative, which was established to promote school readiness among children ages 2-8. Synthesizing data from 45 evaluations (N = 24,624 unique child participants), this meta-analysis examined the effects of RTL media exposure on young children's literacy skills. Results indicate positive effects of RTL media exposure on children's literacy outcomes, especially vocabulary and phonological concepts...
February 19, 2018: Child Development
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata West Yen, A James O'Malley, Mary C Politi, Shubhada Dhage, Kari Rosenkranz, Katie Weichman, Julie Margenthaler, Anna N A Tosteson, Eloise Crayton, Sherrill Jackson, Ann Bradley, Robert J Volk, Karen Sepucha, Elissa Ozanne, Sanja Percac-Lima, Julia Song, Jocelyn Acosta, Nageen Mir, Glyn Elwyn
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women. Mastectomy and breast-conserving surgery (BCS) have equivalent survival for early stage breast cancer. However, each surgery has different benefits and harms that women may value differently. Women of lower socioeconomic status (SES) diagnosed with early stage breast cancer are more likely to experience poorer doctor-patient communication, lower satisfaction with surgery and decision-making, and higher decision regret compared to women of higher SES...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
J Wager, L Stahlschmidt, F Heuer, S Troche, B Zernikow
BACKGROUND: School-based health education programs on chronic pain providing information about the proper management of recurrent and chronic pain may increase health literacy in terms of pain knowledge and may thereby prevent dysfunctional coping and may decrease the risk of pain chronification. The aim of the present feasibility study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational movie on recurrent and chronic pain in increasing pain knowledge among students. METHODS: N=95 adolescent students provided demographic and pain-related information and completed a pain knowledge questionnaire before and after viewing an educational movie on recurrent and chronic pain...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Corby K Martin, Robert L Newton, John W Apolzan, Connie L Arnold, Terry C Davis, Kara D Denstel, Emily F Mire, Tina K Thethi, Phillip J Brantley, William D Johnson, Vivian Fonseca, Jonathan Gugel, Kathleen B Kennedy, Carl J Lavie, Eboni G Price-Haywood, Daniel F Sarpong, Benjamin Springgate
Underserved and minority populations suffer from a disproportionately high prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities. Effective obesity treatment programs delivered in primary care that produce significant weight loss are currently lacking. The purpose of this trial is to test the effectiveness of a pragmatic, high intensity lifestyle-based obesity treatment program delivered within primary care among an underserved population. We hypothesize that, relative to patients who receive usual care, patients who receive a high-intensity, health literacy- and culturally-appropriate lifestyle intervention will have greater percent reductions in body weight over 24 months...
February 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Meng-Ping Wu, Chao-Ming Huang, Wen-Jung Sun, Chih-Yuan Shih, Su-Hsuan Hsu, Sheng-Jean Huang
The home-based medical care integrated plan under Taiwan National Health Insurance has changed from paying for home-based medical care, home-based nursing, home-based respiratory treatment, and palliative care to paying for a single, continuous home-based care service package. Formerly, physician-visit regulations limited home visits for home-based nursing to providing medical related assessments only. This limitation not only did not provide practical assistance to the public but also caused additional problems for those with mobility problems or who faced difficulties in making visits hospital...
February 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Lida Jarahi, Reza Asadi, Hamid Reza Hakimi
Background: In women's health, literacy determines their participation in self and family health promotion. Low health literacy is as barrier for understanding medical recommendations, disease prevention and health care. Aim: To assess women's health literacy and relative factors in Mashhad (Iran). Methods: Women referring to healthcare centers in Mashhad in 2012 and 2013, participated in this cross-sectional study by stratified sampling method...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Ahmad Johari Naimi, Nadereh Naderiravesh, Zahra Safavi Bayat, Nezhat Shakeri, Mahsa Matbouei
Background and Objective: Hypertension is considered an important public health problem in developed and developing countries. This disease is closely associated with the quality of life of patients, and it seems that health literacy plays a role in this regard. Due to lack of information on the role of health literacy on the quality of life in patients with hypertension, this study has aimed to determine the correlation between health literacy and health-related quality of life in patients with hypertension...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Cathrine Rossiter, Walter Frederick Robb, Shameran Slewa-Younan
Background: To support promotion, prevention and early intervention for mental illness school nurses need to be mental health literate. Methods: Three hundred and thirty-nine school nurses employed in government and private schools from three Emirates in the UAE were surveyed. A culturally adapted Mental Health Literacy questionnaire comprising three vignettes of fictional characters meeting diagnostic criteria for the target conditions along with the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) was administered to ascertain school nurses' ability to correctly identify the conditions and to elicit beliefs about helpfulness of treatment interventions and of health care providers for these conditions...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
LaPrincess C Brewer, Sarah Jenkins, Kandace Lackore, Jacqueline Johnson, Clarence Jones, Lisa A Cooper, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Sharonne N Hayes, Christi Patten
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) interventions are promising avenues to promote cardiovascular (CV) health among African-Americans (AAs) and culturally tailored technology-based interventions are emerging for this population. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to use a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to recruit AAs into a pilot intervention study of an innovative mHealth CV health promotion program and to characterize technology use patterns and eHealth literacy (EHL)...
January 31, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Amy J Barton, Patricia E Allen, Diane K Boyle, Lori A Loan, Jaynelle F Stichler, Terri Ann Parnell
BACKGROUND: A culture of health requires a commitment from all-individuals, families, communities, organizations, and municipalities-to value health and make decisions reflective of a healthy society. At the individual level, health literacy is a necessary precursor to assist individuals in achieving a higher level of health. METHOD: One method for ensuring that staff members are routinely assessing and promoting health literacy is using competencies and practices previously identified for all health professions...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Katrina F Mateo, Natalie B Berner, Natalie L Ricci, Pich Seekaew, Sandeep Sikerwar, Craig Tenner, Joanna Dognin, Scott E Sherman, Adina Kalet, Melanie Jay
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence is higher among Veterans in the United States. Based on our prior research, primary care teams at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital do not feel well-equipped to deliver effective weight management counseling and often lack sufficient time. Further, effective and intensive lifestyle-based weight management programs (e.g. VA MOVE! program) are underutilized despite implementation of systematic screening and referral at all VA sites...
January 29, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Aimée Gayed, Bridget T Bryan, Katherine Petrie, Mark Deady, Allison Milner, Anthony D LaMontagne, Rafael A Calvo, Andrew Mackinnon, Helen Christensen, Arnstein Mykletun, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
BACKGROUND: Within high income countries, mental health is now the leading cause of long term sickness absence in the workplace. Managers are in a position to make changes and decisions that have a positive effect on the wellbeing of staff, the recovery of employees with mental ill health, and potentially prevent future mental health problems. However, managers report addressing workplace mental health issues as challenging. The aim of the HeadCoach trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of a newly developed online training intervention to determine whether it is able to build managers' confidence to better support individuals within their teams who are experiencing mental ill health, and the confidence to promote manager behaviour likely to result in a more mentally healthy workplace...
January 29, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Bakhtinur Khudanov, Hoi In Jung, Dono Kahharova, Jeong-Woo Lee, Ilhom Hamidov, Eun Song Lee, Baek-Il Kim
OBJECTIVES: Actively implementing school oral health education is an effective and inexpensive way to promote a healthy lifestyle and self-care practices in developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine whether an oral health education program based on using a Qscan device-based on quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) technology could improve the oral hygiene status and oral health literacy of adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred adolescents aged 14-16 years attending a school in Tashkent city were included in this study...
January 26, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Nora Gimpel, Tiffany Kindratt, Alvin Dawson, Patti Pagels
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) and service-learning are unique experiential approaches designed to train medical students how to provide individualized patient care from a population perspective. Medical schools in the US are required to provide support for service-learning and community projects. Despite this requirement, few medical schools offer structured service-learning. We developed the Community Action Research Track (CART) to integrate population medicine, health promotion/disease prevention and the social determinants of health into the medical school curriculum through CBPR and service-learning experiences...
January 26, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
A C Mafla, F H Villalobos-Galvis, M W Heft
OBJECTIVE: To assess individuals' perception of dental caries, in order to explain how illness representations might influence their coping with the disease. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. PARTICIPANTS: 520 consecutive patients (aged ≥18 years) of the General Dentistry Clinic at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Pasto, Colombia who had experienced dental caries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Illness perception of dental caries was assessed using the Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R)...
November 23, 2017: Community Dental Health
Jason Mills, Timothy Wand, Jennifer A Fraser
This study examined levels of, and relationships between, self-care ability, self-compassion, and compassion among palliative care nurses and doctors. METHODS: A total of 369 participants across Australia completed a cross-sectional survey comprising a demographic questionnaire and outcome measures for each variable. Descriptive and inferential statistics were analysed, controlling for potential social-desirability bias. RESULTS: Levels of compassion, self-compassion and self-care ability varied, with some individuals scoring high or low in each...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Susan H Gray, Linnea C Ehri, John L Locke
A randomized control trial compared the effects of two kinds of vocabulary instruction on component reading skills of adult struggling readers. Participants seeking alternative high school diplomas received 8 h of scripted tutoring to learn forty academic vocabulary words embedded within a civics curriculum. They were matched for language background and reading levels, then randomly assigned to either morpho-phonemic analysis teaching word origins, morpheme and syllable structures, or traditional whole word study teaching multiple sentence contexts, meaningful connections, and spellings...
2018: Reading and Writing
Daniella Anne L Chyne, Indrapal Ishwarji Meshram, Ananthan Rajendran, Venkaiah Kodali, Neeraja Getti, Phrang Roy, Harriet V Kuhnlein, Thingnganing Longvah
A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out with 603 children ages 5 and under and 500 of their mothers from 510 households to examine the prevalence of undernutrition and chronic diseases among the Khasis of North-East India. Anthropometric measurements including Mid-Upper Arm Circumference, height, and weight were taken. Dry blood spots to estimate haemoglobin and vitamin A were collected from children and women separately by finger prick. Mothers provided data about household socio-demographic particulars and infant and young child feeding practices...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Orkan Okan, Ester Lopes, Torsten Michael Bollweg, Janine Bröder, Melanie Messer, Dirk Bruland, Emma Bond, Graça S Carvalho, Kristine Sørensen, Luis Saboga-Nunes, Diane Levin-Zamir, Diana Sahrai, Uwe H Bittlingmayer, Jürgen M Pelikan, Malcolm Thomas, Ullrich Bauer, Paulo Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is an important health promotion concern and recently children and adolescents have been the focus of increased academic attention. To assess the health literacy of this population, researchers have been focussing on developing instruments to measure their health literacy. Compared to the wider availability of instruments for adults, only a few tools are known for younger age groups. The objective of this study is to systematically review the field of generic child and adolescent health literacy measurement instruments that are currently available...
January 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
John W Collins, Rick Zoucha, Joan Such Lockhart, Sandra J Mixer
Advance directive completion rates among the general population are low. Studies report even lower completion rates among African Americans are affected by demographic variables, cultural distinctives related to patient autonomy, mistrust of the health care system, low health literacy, strong spiritual beliefs, desire for aggressive interventions, importance of family-communal decision making, and presence of comorbidities. An integrative review was conducted to synthesize nursing knowledge regarding cultural perspectives of end-of-life and advance care planning among African Americans...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
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