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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923440/parent-administered-computer-assisted-tutoring-targeting-letter-sound-knowledge-evaluation-via-multiple-baseline-across-three-preschool-students
#1
Matthew R DuBois, Robert J Volpe, Matthew K Burns, Jessica A Hoffman
Knowledge of letters sounds has been identified as a primary objective of preschool instruction and intervention. Despite this designation, large disparities exist in the number of letter sounds children know at school entry. Enhancing caregivers' ability to teach their preschool-aged children letter sounds may represent an effective practice for reducing this variability and ensuring that more children are prepared to experience early school success. This study used a non-concurrent multiple-baseline-across-participants design to evaluate the effectiveness of caregivers (N=3) delivering a computer-assisted tutoring program (Tutoring Buddy) targeting letter sound knowledge to their preschool-aged children...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923368/what-do-beginning-students-in-a-rurally-focused-medical-course-think-about-rural-practice
#2
Louise Young, Daniel B Lindsay, Robin A Ray
BACKGROUND: Medical schools may select students for their attitudes towards rural medical practice, yet the rural-urban disparity in availability of medical practitioners and services has not diminished in recent times despite government initiatives and increasing numbers being trained for a career in medicine. One medical school, with a focus on rural and remote medicine, aims to select students with positive perceptions for rural medical practice. A research project collected data on the perceptions of these medical students in the first week of their medical studies...
December 7, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923147/validation-of-the-portuguese-version-of-the-pittsburgh-sleep-quality-index-psqi-pt
#3
Karine Alexandra Del Rio João, Nathália Brandolim Becker, Saul de Neves Jesus, Rute Isabel Santos Martins
The present study was realised to validate the Portuguese version of the PSQI. The instrument PSQI-PT was applied to 347 Portuguese community-dwelling adults aged 18-69 years old. The resulting data was used to perform the psychometric analysis to validate the instrument. No structural modifications to the questionnaire were necessary during the adaptation process. The scores for the PSQI-PT showed an adequate internal consistency. The principal component analysis (PCA) produced good factor loading for all items...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922896/improving-health-literacy-in-patients-with-diabetes
#4
Sharon A Watts, Carl Stevenson, Margaret Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922221/commentary-the-tyranny-of-time-and-the-reality-principle
#5
Russell Gersten
Each of the five articles in this special issue gets "into the weeds" in terms of studying actual classroom or school implementation of evidence-based or promising practices. Virtually all confront the issue of logistics and establishing an infrastructure for ensuring adequate implementation. In general, those studies that ask teachers to change their practice, be it core classwide instruction (Wanzek & Vaughn, this issue) or the whole-class adolescent literacy interventions described in LaRusso et al. (this issue) experienced a good deal more in the way of implementation challenges than those that provided schools with extra services and were able to hire their own personnel to train and oversee as part of an efficacy trial...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922216/seven-elements-important-to-successful-implementation-of-early-literacy-intervention
#6
Barbara Foorman, Jennifer Dombek, Kevin Smith
The objective of this article is to describe seven elements important to successful implementation of early literacy intervention. The seven elements are drawn from research as well as from the authors' recent randomized controlled trial of effective early literacy interventions in kindergarten through second grade in 55 schools across Florida. The seven elements are (a) the importance of researcher-practitioner partnerships; (b) determining the need for early intervention; (c) assessment selection and data use; (d) evaluating curriculum and instructional materials for use in early intervention; (e) scheduling time for intervention; (f) selecting, training, and supporting interventionists; and (g) locating space and maintaining open communications among interventionists, teachers, and parents...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921632/access-to-healthcare-services-during-incarceration-among-female-inmates
#7
Rabia Ahmed, Cybele Angel, Rebecca Martel, Diane Pyne, Louanne Keenan
Purpose Incarcerated women have a disproportionate burden of infectious and chronic disease, in addition to substance use disorder and mental health illness, when compared to the general population ( Binswanger et al., 2009 ; Fazel et al., 2006 ; Fuentes, 2013; Kouyoumdjian et al., 2012 ). Women often enter the correctional system in poor health, making incarceration an opportunity to address health issues. The purpose of this paper is to explore the barriers to accessing health services that female inmates face during incarceration, the consequences to their health, and implications for correctional health services delivery...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918849/the-relationship-between-health-literacy-and-health-conceptualizations-an-exploratory-study-of-elementary-school-aged-children
#8
Krishna Bhagat, Donna E Howard, Linda Aldoory
Analyzing children's conceptualizations of health and body and health literacy will significantly add understanding to how problematic health attitudes and behaviors may take root (Driessnack, Chung, Perkhounkova, & Hein, 2014). The knowledge gained from such an assessment can be applied towards communication contexts that aim to promote children's health literacy and their well-being. With increased health literacy, children can actively participate in decision-making regarding their own health and can understand why healthy behaviors are important to adult health (Borzekowski, 2009)...
December 5, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917198/diabetes-mellitus-among-tuberculosis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-from-pakistan
#9
Zarfishan Tahir, Mansur-Ud-Din Ahmad, Abdul Majeed Akhtar, Tahir Yaqub, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq, Hasnain Javed
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) is largely associated with high frequency of morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of DM among TB patients and describe the socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with TB-DM co-occurrence. METHODS: We enrolled 500 TB patients from September, 2014 to August 2015 at four major public sector hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. A questionnaire was used to collect information regarding associated socio-demographic and behavioral factors of the patients...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917003/bilingualism-and-biliteracy-in-down-syndrome-insights-from-a-case-study
#10
REVIEW
Kelly Burgoyne, Fiona J Duff, Dea Nielsen, Anastasia Ulicheva, Margaret J Snowling
We present the case study of MB-a bilingual child with Down syndrome (DS) who speaks Russian (first language [L1]) and English (second language [L2]) and has learned to read in two different alphabets with different symbol systems. We demonstrate that, in terms of oral language, MB is as proficient in Russian as English, with a mild advantage for reading in English, her language of formal instruction. MB's L1 abilities were compared with those of 11 Russian-speaking typically developing monolinguals and her L2 abilities to those of 15 English-speaking typically developing monolinguals and six monolingual English-speaking children with DS; each group achieving the same level of word reading ability as MB...
December 2016: Language Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916381/readability-analysis-of-online-resources-related-to-lung-cancer
#11
Kathleen D Weiss, Christina R Vargas, Olivia A Ho, Danielle J Chuang, Jonathan Weiss, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients seeking health information commonly use the Internet as the first source for material. Studies show that well-informed patients have increased involvement, satisfaction, and healthcare outcomes. As one-third of Americans have only basic or below basic health literacy, the National Institutes of Health and American Medical Association recommend patient-directed health resources be written at a sixth-grade reading level. This study evaluates the readability of commonly accessed online resources on lung cancer...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916327/does-keeping-adolescent-girls-in-school-protect-against-sexual-violence-quasi-experimental-evidence-from-east-and-southern-africa
#12
Julia Andrea Behrman, Amber Peterman, Tia Palermo
PURPOSE: We examine the relationship between educational attainment in adolescence on young women's lifetime experience of sexual violence in Malawi and Uganda. METHODS: Exposure to Universal Primary Education policies in the mid-1990s serves as a natural experiment to estimate the causal effect of schooling on women's subsequent experience of sexual violence using an instrumented regression discontinuity design and Demographic and Health Survey data. RESULTS: We find a one-year increase in grade attainment leads to a nine-percentage point reduction (p < ...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915361/neuroscience-literacy-brain-tells-as-signals-of-brain-dysfunction-affecting-daily-life
#13
Charlotte B Royeen, James R Brašić, Leah Dvorak, Casey Provoziak-O'Brien, Chetna Sethi, S Omar Ahmad
The structures and circuits of the central and the peripheral nervous systems provide the basis for thinking, speaking, experiencing sensations, and performing perceptual and motor activities in daily life. Healthy people experience normal functioning without giving brain functions a second thought, while dysfunction of the neural circuits may lead to marked impairments in cognition, communication, sensory awareness, and performing perceptual and motor tasks. Neuroscience literacy provides the knowledge to associate the deficits observed in patients with the underlying deficits in the structures and circuits of the nervous system...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914735/parents-with-high-levels-of-communicative-and-critical-health-literacy-are-less-likely-to-vaccinate-their-children
#14
Anat Amit Aharon, Haim Nehama, Shmuel Rishpon, Orna Baron-Epel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between parents' health literacy and decision-making regarding child vaccinations. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 731 parents of children aged 3-4 years. Functional, communicative, and critical health literacy (HL), knowledge, beliefs, reliability of the vaccine's information resources, and vaccine's attitudes were measured. Attitudes included three types: pro-vaccine attitudes, anti-vaccine attitudes, and attitudes regarding mandatory vaccination...
November 21, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912928/translating-self-persuasion-into-an-adolescent-hpv-vaccine-promotion-intervention-for-parents-attending-safety-net-clinics
#15
Austin S Baldwin, Deanna C Denman, Margarita Sala, Emily G Marks, L Aubree Shay, Sobha Fuller, Donna Persaud, Simon Craddock Lee, Celette Sugg Skinner, Deborah J Wiebe, Jasmin A Tiro
OBJECTIVE: Self-persuasion is an effective behavior change strategy, but has not been translated for low-income, less educated, uninsured populations attending safety-net clinics or to promote human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. We developed a tablet-based application (in English and Spanish) to elicit parental self-persuasion for adolescent HPV vaccination and evaluated its feasibility in a safety-net population. METHODS: Parents (N=45) of age-eligible adolescents used the self-persuasion application...
November 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#16
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910258/the-role-of-individual-and-personality-factors-in-controlling-risky-behaviours-related-to-aids-proposing-a-causal-model
#17
Mansour Rezaei, Ali Zakiei, Soheyla Reshadat, Seyed Ramin Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Investigating previous studies show that personality traits have an important role in controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS; therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between AIDS health literacy, personality traits and mental health and controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS through self-efficacy. METHODS: The statistical population includes all the young people in western provinces of Iran, 2015. Data analysis was carried out for a sample of 756 participants (59% female)...
December 2, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908542/health-literacy-and-the-perception-of-risk-in-a-breast-cancer-family-history-clinic
#18
E J Rutherford, J Kelly, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Cotter, A Butt, M J O'Sullivan, F O Connell, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is an essential component of medical practice, and especially so in procedural based specialties which entail varying degrees of risk. Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and as such is the focus of extensive research and significant media attention. Despite this, considerable misperception exists regarding the risk of developing breast cancer. AIMS: This study aims to examine the accuracy of risk perception of women attending a breast cancer family history clinic, and to explore the relationship between risk perception accuracy and health literacy...
November 28, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907985/effectiveness-of-training-intervention-to-improve-medical-student-s-information-literacy-skills
#19
Mohammadhiwa Abdekhoda, Afsaneh Dehnad, Mahmood Yousefi
This study aimed to assess the efficiency of delivering a 4-month course of "effective literature search" among medical postgraduate students for improving information literacy skills. This was a cross-sectional study in which 90 postgraduate students were randomly selected and participated in 12 training sessions. Effective search strategies were presented and the students' attitude and competency concerning online search were measured by a pre- and post-questionnaires and skill tests. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using t-test...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907845/why-do-kenyan-children-live-on-the-streets-evidence-from-a-cross-section-of-semi-rural-maternal-caregivers
#20
Michael L Goodman, Kelli Martinez, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari, Sarah E Seidel
Globally, study of factors contributing to the street-migration of the tens of millions of street-involved children focus almost exclusively on children's perspectives. In this study, we assess household and maternal factors associated with street-migration of children through self-report of 1974 randomly selected women in semi-rural Kenya. Contributing new perspectives on this global phenomenon, data show a statistically significant association between increased maternal childhood adversities and street-migration of children (p<0...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
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