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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464800/gender-differences-in-retirement-planning-a-longitudinal-study-among-spanish-registered-nurses
#1
Gabriela Topa, Adrián Segura, Sergio Pérez
BACKGROUND: Consistent patterns of gender differences in retirement planning behaviours have been shown but little is known about these behaviours among nurses. AIMS: To analyse the antecedents of the behaviours to prepare for retirement in nurses older than 55 and to identify differences as a function of gender. METHODS: A two-wave longitudinal study with Spanish nurses (n = 132). RESULTS: Statistically significant gender differences were revealed...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432907/educational-text-messages-decreased-emergency-department-utilization-among-infant-caregivers-a-randomized-trial
#2
Amy Ladley, Amanda Waltos Hieger, Joshua Arthur, Matthew Broom
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of text messages as an educational tool to reduce the prevalence of nonurgent emergency department (ED) visits among a population with high levels of low health literacy. METHODS: Prospective, randomized experiment conducted in a large, urban, academic pediatric primary care practice enrolled 231 caregivers of infants into 2 groups: 1) enhanced standard of care (ESoC) materials at well-child visits through 6 months (n=99 completing); 2) ESoC and 4 text messages/week through 6 months (n=108 completing)...
February 9, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429381/health-literacy-among-older-persons-in-turkey
#3
Hayri Bozkurt, Hakan Demirci
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the health literacy and cognitive functions of individuals age 65 and over and the relationship between them. METHOD: The research was conducted between September 2016 and February 2017, among individuals age 65 and over, at the Family Health Center. The participants were given the Health Literacy Survey - European Union (HLS-EU) scale and the Mini-Mental Test. RESULTS: In this sampling, health literacy was found as "problematic or inadequate" in 85...
February 10, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420577/differing-hiv-vulnerability-among-female-sex-workers-in-a-high-hiv-burden-indian-state
#4
Megha Mamulwar, Sheela Godbole, Shilpa Bembalkar, Pranil Kamble, Nisha Dulhani, Rajesh Yadav, Chitra Kadu, Pradeep Kumar, Shivraj Lalikar, Shrikala Acharya, Raman Gangakhedkar, Arun Risbud, Srinivas Venkatesh
INTRODUCTION: The HIV sentinel surveillance [HSS] conducted in 2010-11 among female sex workers [FSW] in the state of Maharashtra, India provided an opportunity to assess characteristics of different types of FSWs and their HIV risk. It is important for India's National AIDS Control Program, to understand the differences in vulnerability among these FSW, in order to define more specific and effective risk reduction intervention strategies. Therefore, we analyzed data from HSS with the objective of understanding the HIV vulnerability among different types of FSW in Maharashtra...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417834/helping-adolescents-to-better-support-their-peers-with-a-mental-health-problem-a-cluster-randomised-crossover-trial-of-teen-mental-health-first-aid
#5
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415037/exploring-chronic-disease-in-bolivia-a-cross-sectional-study-in-la-paz
#6
Patricia Abbott, Tanima Banerjee, Amparo Clara Aruquipa Yujra, Boqin Xie, John Piette
PURPOSE: This study seeks to develop an understanding that can guide development of programs to improve health and care for individuals with Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in La Paz, Bolivia, where NCDs are prevalent and primary care systems are weak. This exploratory investigation examines the characteristics of chronic disease patients in the region, key health related behaviors, and their perceptions of the care that they receive. The longer-term goal is to lay groundwork for interventional studies based on the principles of the Chronic Care Model (CCM)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408148/how-struggling-adult-readers-use-contextual-information-when-comprehending-speech-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#7
Shukhan Ng, Brennan R Payne, Elizabeth A L Stine-Morrow, Kara D Federmeier
We investigated how struggling adult readers make use of sentence context to facilitate word processing when comprehending spoken language, conditions under which print decoding is not a barrier to comprehension. Stimuli were strongly and weakly constraining sentences (as measured by cloze probability), which ended with the most expected word based on those constraints or an unexpected but plausible word. Community-dwelling adults with varying literacy skills listened to continuous speech while their EEG was recorded...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391858/multi-grade-kindergarten-classrooms-and-children-s-academic-achievement-executive-function-and-socio-emotional-development
#8
Arya Ansari
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (ECLS-K: 2011; n = 11,000), this study examined the developmental outcomes of 5-year-old children in multi-grade classrooms (combined pre-kindergarten and kindergarten classrooms serving 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds) compared with 5-year-olds attending kindergarten-only classrooms serving primarily 5-year-olds. Results from regression and propensity score analyses revealed that 5-year-old children who attended multi-grade classrooms with pre-kindergarteners made smaller gains in math and literacy skills and demonstrated less optimal executive function at the end of the school year as compared with children who attended kindergarten-only classrooms...
November 2017: Infant and Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386174/mhealth-intervention-promoting-cardiovascular-health-among-african-americans-recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-pilot-study
#9
LaPrincess C Brewer, Sarah Jenkins, Kandace Lackore, Jacqueline Johnson, Clarence Jones, Lisa A Cooper, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Sharonne N Hayes, Christi Patten
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) interventions are promising avenues to promote cardiovascular (CV) health among African-Americans (AAs) and culturally tailored technology-based interventions are emerging for this population. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to use a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to recruit AAs into a pilot intervention study of an innovative mHealth CV health promotion program and to characterize technology use patterns and eHealth literacy (EHL)...
January 31, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378584/development-of-a-5as-based-technology-assisted-weight-management-intervention-for-veterans-in-primary-care
#10
Katrina F Mateo, Natalie B Berner, Natalie L Ricci, Pich Seekaew, Sandeep Sikerwar, Craig Tenner, Joanna Dognin, Scott E Sherman, Adina Kalet, Melanie Jay
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence is higher among Veterans in the United States. Based on our prior research, primary care teams at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital do not feel well-equipped to deliver effective weight management counseling and often lack sufficient time. Further, effective and intensive lifestyle-based weight management programs (e.g. VA MOVE! program) are underutilized despite implementation of systematic screening and referral at all VA sites...
January 29, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353633/decisional-balance-and-self-efficacy-mediate-the-association-among-provider-advice-health-literacy-and-cervical-cancer-screening
#11
Kyounghae Kim, Qian-Li Xue, Benita Walton-Moss, Marie T Nolan, Hae-Ra Han
PURPOSE: Health literacy has emerged as a potential determinant of cancer screening, yet limited literature has investigated the pathways which health literacy influences Pap tests among immigrant women who experience a higher incidence of cervical cancer. This study aimed to test a health literacy-focused sociocognitive model which proposes motivational (knowledge, decisional balance) and volitional (self-efficacy) factors mediating the association between health literacy and triennial Pap tests...
February 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351353/the-contributions-of-phonological-awareness-alphabet-knowledge-and-letter-writing-to-name-writing-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-typically-developing-children
#12
Stacey L Pavelko, R Jane Lieberman, Jamie Schwartz, Debbie Hahs-Vaughn
Purpose: Name writing is one aspect of emergent writing that has been used to understand emergent literacy development. Name-writing skills and the relationship of name writing to other emergent literacy skills have not been studied extensively in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Children with SLI consistently demonstrate delays in phonological awareness (PA), alphabet knowledge (AK), print awareness, and emergent writing. The purpose of this study was to examine the contributions of PA, AK, and letter writing to name writing in children with SLI and typically developing (TD) children...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339931/assessment-of-knowledge-and-skills-in-information-literacy-instruction-for-rehabilitation-sciences-students-a-scoping-review
#13
Jill T Boruff, Pamela Harrison
Objective: This scoping review investigates how knowledge and skills are assessed in the information literacy (IL) instruction for students in physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech-language pathology, regardless of whether the instruction was given by a librarian. The objectives were to discover what assessment measures were used, determine whether these assessment methods were tested for reliability and validity, and provide librarians with guidance on assessment methods to use in their instruction in evidence-based practice contexts...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338694/development-of-a-physical-literacy-model-for-older-adults-a-consensus-process-by-the-collaborative-working-group-on-physical-literacy-for-older-canadians
#14
Gareth R Jones, Liza Stathokostas, Bradley W Young, Andrew V Wister, Shirley Chau, Patricia Clark, Mary Duggan, Drew Mitchell, Peter Nordland
BACKGROUND: Arguably the uptake and usability of the physical activity (PA) guidelines for older adults has not been effective with only 12% of this population meeting the minimum guidelines to maintain health. Health promoters must consider innovative ways to increase PA adoption and long-term sustainability. Physical literacy (PL) is emerging as a promising strategy to increase lifelong PA participation in younger age-groups, yet there is relatively little evidence of PL being used to support older adults in achieving the PA guidelines...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314862/exploring-the-utility-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-as-a-population-health-surveillance-indicator-for-children-and-youth-an-international-analysis-of-results-from-the-20-m-shuttle-run-test
#15
Justin J Lang
Emerging evidence has demonstrated the strong link between cardiorespiratory fitness and multiple aspects of health (i.e., physiological, physical, psychosocial, cognitive), independent of physical activity, among school-aged children and youth. Cardiorespiratory fitness is a trait that does not vary substantially from day-to-day, and provides an indication of recent physical activity levels, making it an important possible indicator of population health. Thus, the objective of this dissertation was to investigate the utility of cardiorespiratory fitness, measured using the 20-m shuttle run test, as a broad, holistic health indicator for population health surveillance among children and youth...
January 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297424/household-context-and-psychosocial-impact-of-childhood-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#16
M Loveday, B Sunkari, I Master, A Daftary, V Mehlomakulu, S Hlangu, B J Marais
SETTING: Referral hospital for drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. OBJECTIVES: We conducted interviews with primary care givers of children admitted with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) during a 3-month period in 2015 to identify broader household challenges. RESULTS: We interviewed 26 care givers, most of whom were women (85%). Most households had been decimated by TB/MDR-TB and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and were dependent upon government grants...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280426/assessing-knowledge-preventive-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-kala-azar-a-study-of-rural-madhepura-bihar-india
#17
Dipti Govil, Harihar Sahoo, Sarang P Pedgaonkar, Kailash Chandra Das, Hem Lhungdim
To assess the knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices related to kala-azar in Madhepura district of Bihar, a community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in November 2014. A total of 353 households were interviewed from 24 villages of four blocks of Madhepura district. Data were collected using structured interview schedule. For knowledge, attitude, and preventive practice indexes, scores were assigned to individual questions based on the accuracy of responses. Univariate and binary logistic regressions were applied for the analysis...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277493/emergency-department-visits-in-patients-with-low-acuity-conditions-factors-associated-with-resource-utilization
#18
Claire Pearson, Deborah S Kim, Valerie H Mika, S Imran Ayaz, Scott R Millis, Robert Dunne, Phillip D Levy
OBJECTIVES: To identify health beliefs of emergency department (ED) patients with low acuity conditions and how these affect ambulance (AMB) utilization. METHODS: We performed a prospective, observational study on a convenience sample of patients 18years or older, who presented to the ED of an urban, academic hospital with an Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage level of 4 or 5. Demographics, treatment, and disposition data were obtained along with self-administered surveys...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258979/ehealth-literacy-and-health-behaviors-affecting-modern-college-students-a-pilot-study-of-issues-identified-by-the-american-college-health-association
#19
Rebecca Katherine Britt, William Bart Collins, Kari Wilson, Georgiann Linnemeier, Andrew Mark Englebert
BACKGROUND: The eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) has been widely adopted by researchers to understand how eHealth literacy can be put into context. eHealth researchers need to know how to promote positive health behavior changes across college students, given the importance of the Internet to acquire and use health information. The American College Health Association identified a set of key health issues that affect college students today. By understanding how eHEALS might be related to college students' maintenance of their health and their use of online health resources, researchers will be provided with a better understanding of eHealth literacy and its pragmatic implications for health campaigns and future interventions...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249629/students-experiences-of-embedded-academic-literacy-support-in-a-graduate-entry-nursing-program-a-qualitative-study
#20
Lucie M Ramjan, Della Maneze, Bronwyn Everett, Paul Glew, Suza Trajkovski, Joan Lynch, Yenna Salamonson
Graduate entry nursing (GEN) programs were designed to address the predicted nursing shortfall. In Australia, although these programs attract students from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds, the workload is compounded by cultural differences and a new academic learning environment which presents additional challenges. This qualitative descriptive study explored the experiences of GEN students enrolled in the introductory unit of their nursing program with embedded academic literacy support in Sydney, Australia...
December 11, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
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