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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039291/asset-literacy-following-stroke-implications-for-disaster-resilience
#1
Tracey L O'Sullivan, Christine Fahim, Elizabeth Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: The World Stroke Organization "1 in 6" campaign aims to raise awareness that 1 in 6 persons will experience a stroke during their lifetime. With aging populations and improved survival rates, an increased number of survivors live with functional limitations and require supportive care. This has important implications for implementing an all-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction. In this study, we explore the assets that stroke survivors and caregivers consider useful in supporting their capacity to manage routine activities and independent living and to respond to a disaster...
October 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020953/-layers-of-translation-evidence-literacy-in-public-health-practice-a-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#2
Wanda Martin, Joan Wharf Higgins, Bernadette Bernie Pauly, Marjorie MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Strengthening public health systems has been a concern in Canada in the wake of public health emergencies. In one Canadian province, British Columbia, a high priority has been placed on the role of evidence to guide decision making; however, there are numerous challenges to using evidence in practice. The National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools therefore developed the Evidence Informed Public Health Framework (EIPH), a seven step guide to assist public health practitioners to use evidence in practice...
October 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979989/association-of-health-literacy-with-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-surgery
#3
Jesse P Wright, Gretchen C Edwards, Kathryn Goggins, Vikram Tiwari, Amelia Maiga, Kelvin Moses, Sunil Kripalani, Kamran Idrees
Importance: Low health literacy is known to adversely affect health outcomes in patients with chronic medical conditions. To our knowledge, the association of health literacy with postoperative outcomes has not been studied in-depth in a surgical patient population. Objective: To evaluate the association of health literacy with postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: From November 2010 to December 2013, 1239 patients who were undergoing elective gastric, colorectal, hepatic, and pancreatic resections for both benign and malignant disease at a single academic institution were retrospectively reviewed...
October 4, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976296/a-review-of-mental-health-literacy-in-singapore
#4
Kareen N Tonsing
Mental health is a major concern throughout the world. The lifetime prevalence of mental health problems in Singapore for those aged 18 years and above was reported to be 12%. However, studies on mental health literacy are relatively scarce in Singapore. The aim of this paper is to provide a topical review of local studies on mental health literacy, people's knowledge of, and attitude toward mental illness, and beliefs about mental health treatment. A narrative review of studies on mental health literacy in Singapore covering the period from 1995 to 2016 highlights the findings from various local studies about attitudes toward mental illness, belief about the causes, and help-seeking behavior...
October 4, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973172/emergent-literacy-skills-in-preschool-children-with-hearing-loss-who-use-spoken-language-initial-findings-from-the-early-language-and-literacy-acquisition-ella-study
#5
Krystal L Werfel
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare change in emergent literacy skills of preschool children with and without hearing loss over a 6-month period. Method: Participants included 19 children with hearing loss and 14 children with normal hearing. Children with hearing loss used amplification and spoken language. Participants completed measures of oral language, phonological processing, and print knowledge twice at a 6-month interval. A series of repeated-measures analyses of variance were used to compare change across groups...
September 22, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972525/integrating-participatory-design-and-health-literacy-to-improve-research-and-interventions
#6
Linda Neuhauser
Health communication is an essential health promotion strategy to convert scientific findings into actionable, empowering information for the public. Health communication interventions have shown positive outcomes, but many efforts have been disappointing. A key weakness is that expert-designed health communication is often overly generic and not adequately aligned with the abilities, preferences and life situations of specific audiences. The emergence of the field of health literacy is providing powerful theoretical guidance and practice strategies...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972509/health-literacy-insights-and-issues
#7
Rima E Rudd
Definitions, by their very nature, establish a shared understanding of words and concepts but also set parameters for inquiry and measures. Health literacy, a term that emerged in the 1990s, has been defined in numerous ways over time and is still considered an evolving concept. This chapter provides a discussion of the difficulties inherent in restricted definitions that have led to research gaps. The discussion highlights the need for an expanded understanding of health literacy and it identifies missing elements...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958984/influence-of-information-and-communication-technologies-on-the-resilience-and-coping-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-youth-in-the-united-states-and-canada-project-queery-mixed-methods-survey
#8
Shelley L Craig, Lauren B McInroy, Sandra A D'Souza, Ashley Austin, Lance T McCready, Andrew D Eaton, Leslie R Shade, M Alex Wagaman
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender minority youth are a population in peril, exemplified by their disproportionate risk of negative experiences and outcomes. Sexual and gender minority youth may be particularly active users of information and communication technologies (ICTs), and it is important to identify the potential contributions of ICTs to their resilience and well-being. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to (1) investigate the use of ICTs by sexual and gender minority youth, (2) identify the ways that ICTs influence the resilience and coping of sexual and gender minority youth, focusing on promotion of well-being through self-guided support-seeking (particularly using mobile devices), (3) develop a contextually relevant theoretical conceptualization of resilience incorporating minority stress and ecological approaches, (4) generate best practices and materials that are accessible to multiple interested groups, and (5) identify whether video narratives are a viable alternative to collect qualitative responses in Web-based surveys for youth...
September 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956799/assessment-of-health-literacy-and-validation-of-single-item-literacy-screener-sils-in-a-sample-of-italian-people
#9
Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Maddalena Grazzini, Luca Pieri, Francesca Santomauro, Maria Ciancio, Chiara Lorini
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) is a complex concept with multiple components; it involves the ability to effectively use and interpret texts, documents, and numbers. THE AIMS OF OUR STUDY WERE: to measure HL levels among a sample of adult Italian patients; to develop and validate the Italian version of the single-item literacy screener (SILS); to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the SILS as an indicator of limited reading ability regarding health documents, compared to the newest vital sign (NVS)...
July 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955418/a-qualitative-study-of-health-education-experiences-and-self-management-practices-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-at-malamulo-adventist-hospital-in-thyolo-district-malawi
#10
Temidayo Ogunrinu, Thelma Gamboa-Maldonado, R Ndinda Ngewa, Jasmine Saunders, Jamie Crounse, James Misiri
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions and experiences of health education and self-management practices on Malamulo Adventist Hospital type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: In this qualitative study, key informant interviews (KIIs; n=4) and focus group discussions (3 FGDs; n=16) were conducted amongst type 2 diabetes patients who had been treated at Malamulo Adventist Hospital in southern Malawi at least once. Key informant interviews and focus group discussions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and translated for analysis...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926508/racial-ethnic-variation-in-emergency-department-care-for-children-with-asthma
#11
Heather G Zook, Nathaniel R Payne, Susan E Puumala, Katherine M Ziegler, Anupam B Kharbanda
OBJECTIVE: To assess the variation between racial/ethnic groups in emergency department (ED) treatment of asthma for pediatric patients. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of pediatric (2-18 years) asthma visits among 6 EDs in the Upper Midwest between June 2011 and May 2012. We used mixed-effects logistic regression to assess the odds of receiving steroids, radiology tests, and returning to the ED within 30 days. We conducted a subanalysis of asthma visits where patients received at least 1 albuterol treatment in the ED...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921775/what-can-parents-self-report-of-reading-difficulties-tell-us-about-their-children-s-emergent-literacy-at-school-entry
#12
Zahra Esmaeeli, Kjersti Lundetrae, Fiona E Kyle
Research has linked family risk (FR) of reading difficulties (RD) with children's difficulties in emergent literacy development. This study is the first to apply parents' self-report of RD as a proxy for FR in a large sample (n = 1171) in order to test group differences in children's emergent literacy. Emergent literacy, the home literacy environment and children's interest in literacy and letters were compared across different groups of FR children around the school entry. The FR children performed lower in emergent literacy compared with not-FR children...
September 18, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901159/health-information-preferences-of-parents-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#13
Adam M Drent, David C Brousseau, Andrea K Morrison
Parents of children seeking nonurgent care in the emergency department completed surveys concerning media use and preferences for health education material. Results were compiled using descriptive statistics, compared by health literacy level with logistic regression, adjusting for race/ethnicity and income. Semistructured qualitative interviews to elicit reasons for preferences, content preference, and impact of health information were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. Surveys (n = 71) showed that despite equal access to online health information, parents with low health literacy were more likely to use the internet less frequently than daily ( P < ...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895659/implementation-strategies-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#14
REVIEW
Tomas Pantoja, Newton Opiyo, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Charles S Wiysonge, Cristian A Herrera, Gabriel Rada, Blanca Peñaloza, Lilian Dudley, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: A key function of health systems is implementing interventions to improve health, but coverage of essential health interventions remains low in low-income countries. Implementing interventions can be challenging, particularly if it entails complex changes in clinical routines; in collaborative patterns among different healthcare providers and disciplines; in the behaviour of providers, patients or other stakeholders; or in the organisation of care. Decision-makers may use a range of strategies to implement health interventions, and these choices should be based on evidence of the strategies' effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890794/engaging-experts-and-patients-to-refine-the-nutrition-literacy-assessment-instrument
#15
Heather D Gibbs, Susan Harvey, Sarah Owens, Diane Boyle, Debra K Sullivan
BACKGROUND: An objective measure of nutrition literacy is unavailable for use in the primary care population. The Nutrition Literacy Assessment instrument (NLit) is a tool designed to measure nutrition literacy across six domains and has been previously piloted in breast cancer and parent populations. The purpose of this research was to engage nutrition experts and patients to guide revisions of the NLit for use in adult primary care. METHODS: Experts (n=5) reviewed each item in the NLit using a survey to assign rankings of their agreement according to relevance, clarity, and reading difficulty...
2017: BMC Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857591/psychometric-profile-of-an-experimental-emergent-literacy-screener-for-preschoolers
#16
Laura L Bailet, Cynthia Zettler-Greeley, Kandia Lewis
Home literacy activities influence children's emergent literacy progress and readiness for reading instruction. To help parents fulfill this opportunity, we developed a new Emergent Literacy Screener (ELS) and conducted 2 studies of its psychometric properties with independent prekindergarten samples. For Study 1 (n = 812, Mage = 54.4 months, 49.4% male, 46.1% white) exploratory factor analyses (EFA) supported a 5-factor structure. EFA and item calibration supported the removal of 10 items from the original 30 test items...
August 31, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851344/measurement-properties-of-the-health-literacy-questionnaire-hlq-among-older-adults-who-present-to-the-emergency-department-after-a-fall-a-rasch-analysis
#17
Rebecca L Morris, Sze-Ee Soh, Keith D Hill, Rachelle Buchbinder, Judy A Lowthian, Julie Redfern, Christopher D Etherton-Beer, Anne-Marie Hill, Richard H Osborne, Glenn Arendts, Anna L Barker
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is an important concept associated with participation in preventive health initiatives, such as falls prevention programs. A comprehensive health literacy measurement tool, appropriate for this population, is required. The aim of this study was to evaluate the measurement properties of the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) in a cohort of older adults who presented to a hospital emergency department (ED) after a fall. METHODS: Older adults who presented to an ED after a fall had their health literacy assessed using the HLQ (n = 433)...
August 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838160/rotary-s-polioplus-program-lessons-learned-transition-planning-and-legacy
#18
John L Sever, Michael McGovern, Robert Scott, Carol Pandak, Amy Edwards, David Goodstone
Hundreds of thousands of Rotary volunteers have provided support for polio eradication activities and continue to this day by making financial contributions to the Rotary PolioPlus program, participating in national immunization days, assisting with surveillance, working on local, national, and international advocacy programs for polio eradication, assisting at immunization posts and clinics, and mobilizing their communities for immunization activities (including poliovirus and other vaccines) and other health benefits...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837426/factorial-validity-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-test-of-preschool-early-literacy-phonological-awareness-test-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children-and-hearing-children
#19
Mi-Young Lee Webb, Nicole Patton-Terry, Gary E Bingham, Cynthia S Puranik, Amy R Lederberg
OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests that early phonological awareness in deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) children with functional hearing is significantly related to their reading acquisition, and the assessment of phonological awareness can play a critical role in preventing reading difficulties. Validation of the scores obtained from standardized assessments when used with DHH students is crucial to support the assessments' intended interpretations and implications of test scores...
August 23, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815974/health-promotion-in-fiji-is-it-feasible-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Anne Creaton, Jackie Holt
OBJECTIVES: Complications of diabetes, hypertension and asthma are commonly seen in EDs in Fiji. Time spent in the ED offers an opportunity for health promotion activities. The aim of the intervention was to provide information on diabetes, hypertension and asthma to patients in the ED. The aim of the project was to determine whether such an intervention could be implemented using public health students. The aim of this paper is to document the experiences of those who delivered and supervised the intervention...
August 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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