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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235386/how-is-palliative-care-understood-in-the-context-of-dementia-results-from-a-massive-open-online-course
#1
Fran McInerney, Kathleen Doherty, Aidan Bindoff, Andrew Robinson, James Vickers
BACKGROUND: A palliative approach to the care of people with dementia has been advocated, albeit from an emergent evidence base. The person-centred philosophy of palliative care resonates with the often lengthy trajectory and heavy symptom burden of this terminal condition. AIM: To explore participants' understanding of the concept of palliative care in the context of dementia. The participant population took an online course in dementia. DESIGN: The participant population took a massive open online course on 'Understanding Dementia' and posted answers to the question: 'palliative care means …' We extracted these postings and analysed them via the dual methods of topic modelling analysis and thematic analysis...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230919/parents-pain-medication-underdosing-is-associated-with-more-emergency-department-visits-in-sickle-cell-disease
#2
Andrea K Morrison, Matthew P Myrvik, David C Brousseau, Amy L Drendel, J Paul Scott, Alexis Visotcky, Julie A Panepinto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between health literacy, medication knowledge, and pain treatment skills with emergency department (ED) use of parents of children with sickle cell disease (SCD). METHODS: Parents of children 1- to 12-years-old with SCD were enrolled. Health literacy was assessed using the Newest Vital Sign. Parents completed a structured interview assessing knowledge of the dosage and frequency of home pain medications and an applied skills task requiring them to dose a prescribed pain medication...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209249/educational-and-cognitive-predictors-of-pro-and-antisaccadic-performance
#3
Yaira Chamorro, Mario Treviño, Esmeralda Matute
Voluntary gaze control allows people to direct their attention toward selected targets while avoiding distractors. Failure in this ability could be related to dysfunctions in the neural circuits underlying executive functions. Interestingly, recent evidence suggests that factors such as years of schooling and literacy may positively influence goal-directed behavior and inhibitory control. However, we do not yet know whether these factors also have a significant impact on the inhibitory control of oculomotor responses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208070/neuropsychological-outcomes-in-chd-beyond-childhood-a-meta-analysis
#4
Rónán Mills, Christopher G McCusker, Chris Tennyson, Donncha Hanna
BACKGROUND: Risk for neurodevelopmental delay in infants and children with CHD is well established, but longer-term outcomes are equivocal. A meta-analysis was conducted to establish whether cognitive deficits remain beyond childhood - into teenage and young adult years. Methods and results A total of 18 unique samples, involving adolescents, teenagers, and adults with CHD significant enough to require invasive intervention, and sourced through searches of Web of Science, MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus, and PsychInfo, met the inclusion criteria...
December 6, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197317/cross-sectional-study-of-the-relation-of-health-literacy-to-primary-language-and-emergency-department-length-of-stay
#5
Dusadee Sarangarm, Amy Ernst, Rachel Horner, Ashley Crum, Steven J Weiss, Yana Zemkova, Kisa King
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to determine whether emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) or primary language was related to the degree of health literacy of patients. METHODS: Adult English-speaking and Spanish-speaking patients were recruited for the study. Participants completed the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) tool (English and Spanish versions), a 6-question validated scale. Patients with NVS scores of 0 to 3 were considered to be at risk for limited health literacy, whereas those with adequate health literacy were defined as scoring a 4 to 6...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190662/using-systems-science-to-understand-the-determinants-of-inequities-in-healthy-eating
#6
Sharon Friel, Melanie Pescud, Eleanor Malbon, Amanda Lee, Robert Carter, Joanne Greenfield, Megan Cobcroft, Jane Potter, Lucie Rychetnik, Beth Meertens
INTRODUCTION: Systems thinking has emerged in recent years as a promising approach to understanding and acting on the prevention and amelioration of non-communicable disease. However, the evidence on inequities in non-communicable diseases and their risks factors, particularly diet, has not been examined from a systems perspective. We report on an approach to developing a system oriented policy actor perspective on the multiple causes of inequities in healthy eating. METHODS: Collaborative conceptual modelling workshops were held in 2015 with an expert group of representatives from government, non-government health organisations and academia in Australia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187053/applying-a-health-literacy-lens-to-youth-sport-a-focus-on-doping-prevention-in-germany
#7
Sandra Vamos, Annika Steinmann
There are two camps when it comes to youth in high-performance sports and whether competition is good or destructive. Despite opportunities for positive development, the demands of increasing competitive levels and related situational stressors among young athletes can be a double-edged sword. Doping is becoming increasingly popular and more readily available to the youth sports population. Improving the health of youth in competitive sport requires us to think about health and its determinants in a more sophisticated manner...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173308/shared-reading-quality-and-brain-activation-during-story-listening-in-preschool-age-children
#8
John S Hutton, Kieran Phelan, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, Jonathan Dudley, Mekibib Altaye, Tom DeWitt, Scott K Holland
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between maternal shared reading quality (verbal interactivity and engagement) and brain function during story listening in at-risk, preschool-age children, in the context of behavioral evidence and American Academy of Pediatrics, recommendations. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, 22 healthy, 4-year-old girls from low socioeconomic status households completed functional magnetic resonance imaging using an established story listening task, followed by videotaped observation of uncoached mother-daughter reading of the same, age-appropriate picture book...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170320/23%C3%A2-patient-and-staff-perspectives-on-the-reasons-for-increasing-emergency-department-attendances
#9
Suzanne Ablard, Melanie Rimmer, Colin O'Keeffe, Suzanne Mason
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: An NHS England review recognised that demand for Urgent and Emergency Care is unsustainable. Health practitioners and policy makers are interested in understanding the reasons why patients with low acuity problems attend the Emergency Department (ED). This should, in turn, assist the development of interventions to reduce demand.We aimed to gain an understanding about the reasons for rising ED demand and to identify possible solutions. METHODS: A self-report patient survey was administered to non-ambulance patients at 9 EDs across Yorkshire and Humber (Y and H) asking participants: reasons for attending the ED; awareness of alternative services; and perceptions of the suitability of other services to manage their health problem...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167082/disparities-in-health-literacy-and-healthcare-utilization-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-chronic-or-end-stage-kidney-disease
#10
Robyn Levine, Karina Javalkar, Meaghan Nazareth, Richard A Faldowski, Maria Diaz-Gonzalez de Ferris, Sarah Cohen, Jessica Cuttance, Stephen R Hooper, Eniko Rak
PURPOSE: Low health literacy adversely affects health outcomes in adults with chronic kidney disease. The current study examined associations between limited/inadequate health literacy and health services utilization among adolescents and young adults (AYA) with chronic or end-stage kidney disease (CKD or ESKD). DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study that enrolled patients from both the pediatric- and adult-focused nephrology clinics of a major university hospital...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165627/health-literacy-and-patient-outcomes-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
Dominic M Taylor, Simon Fraser, Chris Dudley, Gabriel C Oniscu, Charles Tomson, Rommel Ravanan, Paul Roderick
Background: Limited health literacy affects 25% of people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and may reduce self-management skills resulting in poorer clinical outcomes. By disproportionately affecting people with low socio-economic status and non-white ethnicity, limited health literacy may promote health inequity. Methods: We performed a systematic review of quantitative studies of health literacy and clinical outcomes among adults with CKD. Results: A total of 29 studies (13 articles; 16 conference abstracts) were included...
November 20, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143222/quantitative-analysis-of-the-level-of-readability-of-online-emergency-radiology-based-patient-education-resources
#12
David R Hansberry, Michael D'Angelo, Michael D White, Arpan V Prabhu, Mougnyan Cox, Nitin Agarwal, Sandeep Deshmukh
PURPOSE: The vast amount of information found on the internet, combined with its accessibility, makes it a widely utilized resource for Americans to find information pertaining to medical information. The field of radiology is no exception. In this paper, we assess the readability level of websites pertaining specifically to emergency radiology. METHODS: Using Google, 23 terms were searched, and the top 10 results were recorded. Each link was evaluated for its readability level using a set of ten reputable readability scales...
November 15, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140448/internal-locus-of-control-health-literacy-and-health-an-israeli-cultural-perspective
#13
Orna Baron-Epel, Diane Levin-Zamir, Vicki Cohen, Asher Elhayany
The association between health literacy (HL) and health outcomes, including self-perceived health (SPH) has been well documented. Yet the complexity of this association is not yet completely clear. Drawing on the Health Literacy Scale (HLS) study in Israel, we examined the association between HL, Internal Health Locus of Control (IHLOC) and SPH among Jews and Arabs. A face-to-face survey was conducted among 242 Arabs and 358 Jews. The questionnaire measured SPH, IHLOC and two measures of HL: a European HLScale (HLS-EU-16) and the Hebrew/Arabic Health Literacy Test (H/AHLT), based on the Short Test Of Functional Health Literacy in Adults...
November 13, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131446/food-provision-among-food-relief-agencies-in-rural-australia-and-perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-provide-healthy-food
#14
Natalia Bortolin, Jaqueline Priestly, Janice Sangster
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity affects 4-14% of Australians, and up to 82% of vulnerable groups. Food relief agencies commonly provide food parcels or food vouchers. Little research has been undertaken on food relief agencies within rural Australia. This study determined the type of food assistance provided by rural FRAs, and barriers and enablers to provide healthy food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, using telephone questionnaires with qualitative and quantitative aspects...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#15
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125394/knowledge-gained-and-retained-from-a-video-centered-community-based-intervention-for-ebola-prevention-congo
#16
Amira A Roess, Rosemarie Di Peppi, Eric A Kinzoni, Michaelle Molouania, Emily Kennedy, Saturnin R Ibata, Nkenda Badinga, Fredy S Mabola, Cynthia Moses
There are few effective communication interventions to respond to Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreaks, and their development is a continuing challenge. The largest outbreak of EVD was first recognized in 2014 and once again highlighted the need for health education communication campaigns. EVD emergence and transmission are associated with behaviors that increase exposure to infected individuals and infected wildlife. In 2008-2009, an educational video-centered intervention consisting of a film followed by a structured discussion was developed to improve EVD knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (KABs) for prevention of EVD and care of infected people...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121218/the-syrian-vulnerable-person-resettlement-programme-evaluation-of-edinburgh-s-reception-arrangements
#17
Katherine E A Weir, Sheila J Wilson, Dermot R Gorman
Background: During 2015 and 2016 a group of Syrian refugees were resettled in Edinburgh, Scotland under the United Kingdom Government Syrian Vulnerable Person Resettlement Programme. We evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the settling in arrangements for these refugees. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five Arabic interpreters who had worked extensively with these refugees. Interviews sought their impressions about what went well or was not successful...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118145/access-to-oral-health-care-a-national-crisis-and-call-for-reform
#18
Catherine H Bersell
Purpose: According to the report Healthy People 2020, oral health is integral to overall health and access to dental services is essential to promoting and maintaining good oral health. Yet, those who need dental care the most are often the least likely to receive it. The dental hygiene profession is poised to play a pivotal role in the resolution of oral health disparities. The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the critical issue of access to oral health care in the United States from various perspectives and consider potential implications for dental professionals and the oral health care system...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118081/perceptions-of-dental-hygienists-and-dentists-about-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-qualitative-study
#19
Alice M Horowitz, Dushanka V Kleinman, Wendy Child, Sarah D Radice, Catherine Maybury
Purpose: The objective of this qualitative pilot study was to gain an in-depth understanding of dental hygienists and dentists perspectives regarding children's oral health and what needs to be done to prevent early childhood caries (ECC), the most frequent chronic disease of childhood.Methods: A skilled facilitator conducted four focus groups and four phone interviews with 20 dental hygienists and 17 dentists practicing in a variety of locations within the state of Maryland. The interview guide was based on results from previous state-wide surveys of dental hygienists and dentists...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117893/what-s-in-a-name-an-overview-of-organisational-health-literacy-terminology
#20
Elizabeth Meggetto, Bernadette Ward, Anton Isaccs
Organisational health literacy (OHL) is a relatively new concept and its role in improving population health outcomes is gaining recognition. There are several terms being used in relation to OHL but there is no consensus about the definition of OHL nor agreement on a single approach to its application within health services. This contested space continues to create discussion and debate between health literacy researchers worldwide. Increasingly, health service accreditation standards are moving towards including OHL and so services need to clearly define their roles and responsibilities in this area...
November 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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