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Emergent literacy

Bernd Löwe, Christian Gerloff
Functional neurological disorders are conceptualized as patterns of neurological symptoms that cannot be attributed to a clear organic etiology. The study by Wilkins et al. published in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, revealed that 8.2% of patients who were initially presented with suspected stroke were later diagnosed with functional disorders, i.e., "functional stroke mimics." However, the percentage of functional stroke mimics varied substantially with patients' nationality, age, and sex...
April 19, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Tianyi Swartz, Faisal Jehan, Andrew Tang, Lynn Gries, Muhammad Zeeshan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Mohammad Hamidi, Terence O'Keeffe, Bellal Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Health-literacy is emerging focus of interest in public health and is evolving as an important component of national health policy. Low-health-literacy (LHL) is associated with poor outcomes. We aimed to identify factors associated with LHL and its relationship with health outcomes in trauma patients. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled all adult trauma patients (age>18y) in our analysis. Patients were surveyed at discharge and followed up at 4-weeks post-discharge...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Parveen Azam Ali, Sarah Salway, Elizabeth Such, Andrew Dearden, Matt Willox
AimTo develop a simple health literacy intervention aimed at supporting informed reproductive choice among members of UK communities practising customary consanguineous marriage. BACKGROUND: The contribution of 'health literacy' to reducing health inequalities and improving primary health-care efficiency is increasingly recognised. Enhancing genetic literacy has received particular attention recently. Consanguineous marriage is customarily practised among some UK minority ethnic communities and carries some increased risk of recessive genetic disorders among offspring compared with unions among unrelated partners...
April 12, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Brian Weiler, C Melanie Schuele, Jacob I Feldman, Hannah Krimm
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, over 2 separate school years, the school-district-wide failure rate of kindergartners on a screener of grammatical tense marking-the Rice Wexler Test of Early Grammatical Impairment (TEGI) Screening Test (Rice & Wexler, 2001)-composed of past tense (PT) and third-person singular (3S) probes. Method: In the fall of 2 consecutive school years, consented and eligible kindergartners (n = 148 in Year 1, n = 126 in Year 2) in a rural southern school district were administered the TEGI Screening Test...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
Pamela Terrell, Maggie Watson
Purpose: As part of this clinical forum on curriculum-based intervention, the goal of this tutorial is to share research about the importance of language and literacy foundations in natural environments during emergent literacy skill development, from infancy through preschool. Following an overview of intervention models in schools by Powell (2018), best practices at home, in child care, and in preschool settings are discussed. Speech-language pathologists in these settings will be provided a toolbox of best emergent literacy practices...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
Margaret Friend, Erin Smolak, Yushuang Liu, Diane Poulin-Dubois, Pascal Zesiger
Recent studies demonstrate that emerging literacy depends on earlier language achievement. Importantly, most extant work focuses on parent-reported production prior to 30 months of age. Of interest is whether and how directly assessed vocabulary comprehension in the 2nd year of life supports vocabulary and kindergarten readiness in the 4th year. We first contrasted orthogonal indices of parent-reported production and directly assessed vocabulary comprehension and found that comprehension was a stronger predictor of child outcomes...
April 5, 2018: Developmental Psychology
Siân George, Katy Daniels, Evridiki Fioratou
BACKGROUND: Minority vulnerable communities, such as the European Roma, often face numerous barriers to accessing healthcare services, resulting in negative health outcomes. Both these barriers and outcomes have been reported extensively in the literature. However, reports on barriers faced by European non-Roma native communities are limited. The "Health Care Access Barriers" (HCAB) model identifies pertinent financial, structural and cognitive barriers that can be measured and potentially modified...
April 3, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Stephen T Mahoney, Dahlia Tawfik-Sexton, Paula D Strassle, Timothy M Farrell, Meredith C Duke
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmissions following bariatric surgery are high and it is necessary to identify modifiable risk factors to minimize this postoperative cost. We hypothesize that lower levels of education and health literacy are associated with increased risks of nonadherence, thus leading to increased emergency department (ED) visits and preventable readmissions postoperatively. METHODS: Bariatric surgery patients presenting between October 2015 and December 2016 were administered a preoperative questionnaire that measured education level and the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Short Form (REALM-SF) health literacy test...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Laurel A Copeland, John E Zeber, Lorie V Thibodeaux, Raphael T McIntyre, Eileen M Stock, Angela K Hochhalter
Health literacy may represent a target for intervention to improve hospital transitions. This study analyzed the association of health literacy with postdischarge utilization among Medicaid patients treated in an integrated health care system. Discharged inpatients covered by Medicaid (N = 112) participated in this observational study set in a single 600-bed hospital in a private, nonprofit, integrated health care system in the southwestern United States. Participants completed surveys within 15 days of discharge, self-reporting demographics, self-care behaviors, and 2 measures of health literacy (REALM-SF [Short Form of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine] and Chew [health literacy screen from Chew et al])...
March 29, 2018: Population Health Management
Andrew Y Chang, Juliet Nabbaale, Haddy Nalubwama, Emmy Okello, Isaac Ssinabulya, Christopher T Longenecker, Allison R Webel
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a leading cause of premature mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Women of reproductive age are a unique and vulnerable group of RHD patients, due to increased risk of cardiovascular complications and death during pregnancy. Yet, less than 5% of women of childbearing age with RHD in LMICs use contraceptives, and one in five pregnant women with RHD take warfarin despite known teratogenicity. It is unclear whether this suboptimal contraception and anticoagulant use during pregnancy is due to lack of health system resources, limited health literacy, or social pressure to bear children...
2018: PloS One
Xiaomin Wang, Xudong Zhou, Lin Leesa, Sarah Mantwill
Health literacy, and more specifically vaccine literacy, might be an important factor in reducing the negative effects of exposure to misleading reports on vaccination. This study explores the association between vaccine literacy and vaccination-related outcomes after misleading reports on a scandal concerning locally produced childhood vaccines had emerged in 2016 in China. Data for this study came from a cross-sectional survey, which was conducted in April 2016 in Hangzhou, China. Data were collected in kindergartens and community health centers among parents of children up to 6 years of age...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Denise Ryder, Brahm Norwich
Research findings and positions concerning the nature of the dyslexia construct are currently diverse and increasingly complex. The ability of assessor practitioners to operationalize such knowledge and categorically diagnose dyslexia in any reliable and consistent way is being questioned. This study aimed to explore the way in which diverse and complex research findings are operationalized in the dyslexia diagnostic assessment of UK higher education students. The perspectives of 118 professional assessors of dyslexia working within the sector were collected using a questionnaire and some interviews...
March 25, 2018: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
Hyeonmi Cho, Kihye Han, Bu Kyung Park
AIMS: To investigate associations of eHealth Literacy with health-promoting behaviours among hospital nurses in South Korea. BACKGROUND: Health-promoting behaviours of nurses are crucial for their own improved health and health-related behaviours of patients. eHealth literacy refers to the ability to search, understand and evaluate health information available online. With the growing use of the Internet, eHealth literacy is emerging as an important factor enhancing health-promoting behaviours...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Sara Mascheretti, Chiara Andreola, Simona Scaini, Simone Sulpizio
BACKGROUND: While an understanding of the genetic contributions to specific reading disorder (RD) is emerging, there is no agreement about which putative hazard factors are clearly involved in the aetiology of this disorder. AIMS: A literature review looking at the impact of environmental risk variables implicated in RD either per se or when interacting with the genes. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We performed a systematic literature review using the following keywords: dyslexia OR reading disability AND environmental risk factors OR environmental hazard factors, in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus and PsycINFO, without any time restrictions...
March 19, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Christopher C Stewart, Lei Yu, Robert S Wilson, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare and financial decision making among older persons has been previously associated with cognition, health and financial literacy, and risk aversion; however, the manner by which these resources support decision making remains unclear, as past studies have not systematically investigated the pathways linking these resources with decision making. In the current study, we use path analysis to examine the direct and indirect pathways linking age, education, cognition, literacy, and risk aversion with decision making...
March 22, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Diana Stewart Hoover, David W Wetter, Damon J Vidrine, Nga Nguyen, Summer G Frank, Yisheng Li, Andrew J Waters, Cathy D Meade, Jennifer I Vidrine
Background: Efforts are needed to ensure that smokers with lower health literacy are provided with understandable and impactful information about the health consequences of smoking and benefits of quitting. Purpose: To test the influence of health literacy on smokers' responses to health risk messages manipulated on framing (gain vs. loss) and emotionality (factual vs. emotional). Methods: Participants (N = 402) were randomized to evaluate one of four sets of smoking risk messages (factual gain-framed, factual loss-framed, emotional gain-framed, or emotional loss-framed)...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Miriam Thiel Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane R W Fisher, Susan Ayers
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore health visitors' (HVs) views on the acceptability and potential implementation of internet-based postpartum anxiety interventions in their practice. BACKGROUND: Internet-based self-help has been shown to be effective and acceptable for postpartum depression. Recently, an internet-based intervention has been developed for postpartum anxiety. Before implementing new anxiety interventions in postpartum care, it is important to determine the acceptability and ways of implementing such interventions...
July 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Leena Paakkari, Shanti George
BACKGROUND: Schools are seen as crucial environments to influence and develop the health literacy of new generations, but without sufficient reflection on the ethical underpinnings of intentions and interventions around health literacy. In contrast, we argue here that ethics are fundamental to all education. The article adopts a 'One world' approach that generalizes broadly across the so-called Global North and Global South. It also generalizes across various age groups among school pupils, advocating age appropriate application of the arguments advanced...
March 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz, Karla Monzalvo, Stanislas Dehaene
How does education affect cortical organization? All literate adults possess a region specialized for letter strings, the visual word form area (VWFA), within the mosaic of ventral regions involved in processing other visual categories such as objects, places, faces, or body parts. Therefore, the acquisition of literacy may induce a reorientation of cortical maps towards letters at the expense of other categories such as faces. To test this cortical recycling hypothesis, we studied how the visual cortex of individual children changes during the first months of reading acquisition...
March 6, 2018: PLoS Biology
Gabriela Topa, Adrián Segura, Sergio Pérez
BACKGROUND: Consistent patterns of gender differences in retirement planning behaviours have been shown but little is known about these behaviours among nurses. AIMS: To analyse the antecedents of the behaviours to prepare for retirement in nurses older than 55 and to identify differences as a function of gender. METHODS: A two-wave longitudinal study with Spanish nurses (n = 132). RESULTS: Statistically significant gender differences were revealed...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
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