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Emergent literacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302106/barriers-and-facilitators-of-linkage-to-hiv-care-among-hiv-infected-young-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-study
#1
Haochu Li, Chongyi Wei, Joseph Tucker, Dianmin Kang, Meizhen Liao, Eleanor Holroyd, Jietao Zheng, Qian Qi, Wei Ma
BACKGROUND: The Four Free and One Care Policy (HIV/AIDS-related free services) has been in place in China since 2004. However, linkage to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care is not yet achieved very well among people living with HIV. We conducted a qualitative study to explore individual and contextual factors that may influence a linkage to HIV care from the perspective of young HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) in a highly centralized HIV care context of China. METHODS: Purposive sampling was used to recruit 21 HIV-infected MSM in Shandong Province, with in-depth interviews conducted between March and July 2015...
March 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288953/impact-of-social-processes-in-online-health-communities-on-patient-empowerment-in-relationship-with-the-physician-emergence-of-functional-and-dysfunctional-empowerment
#2
Gregor Petrič, Sara Atanasova, Tanja Kamin
BACKGROUND: Substantial research demonstrates the importance of online health communities (OHCs) for patient empowerment, although the impact on the patient-physician relationship is understudied. Patient empowerment also occurs in relationship with the physician, but studies of OHCs mostly disregard this. The question also remains about the nature and consequences of this empowerment, as it might be based on the limited validity of some information in OHCs. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to examine the impact of social processes in OHCs (information exchange with users and health professional moderators, social support, finding meaning, and self-expressing) on functional and dysfunctional patient empowerment in relationship with the physician (PERP)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277275/association-between-health-literacy-and-30-day-healthcare-use-after-hospital-discharge-in-the-heart-failure-population
#3
Sarah R Cox, Michael G Liebl, Meghan N McComb, Jason Q Chau, Allison A Wilson, May Achi, Kevin W Garey, David Wallace
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy increases the risk for hospital readmissions. Despite this, the measurement and use of health literacy to guide discharge counseling and planning in heart failure patients is not commonly performed. A short 3-Question Brief Health Literacy Screen (BHLS) is available and takes less than three minutes to complete, but has never been evaluated to help determine whether health literacy affects healthcare use after discharge in patients with heart failure. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess 30-day readmissions and emergency department visits based on health literacy evaluated by the BHLS in an acute care heart failure population...
October 14, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272114/medical-student-perceptions-of-feedback-and-feedback-behaviors-within-the-context-of-the-educational-alliance
#4
Lucy Bowen, Michelle Marshall, Deborah Murdoch-Eaton
PURPOSE: Using the "educational alliance" as a conceptual framework, the authors explored medical students' beliefs about feedback and how their feedback behaviors reflect their perceptions. METHOD: Five focus groups (four to six medical students each) at one UK medical school in 2015 were used to capture and elucidate learners' feedback perceptions and behaviors within the context of the learner-educator relationship. A map of key feedback opportunities across the program was used as a tool for exploring student engagement with the feedback process...
March 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257246/impact-of-attention-training-on-academic-achievement-executive-functioning-and-behavior-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Hannah Kirk, Kylie Gray, Kirsten Ellis, John Taffe, Kim Cornish
Children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) experience significant difficulties in attention, learning, executive functions, and behavioral regulation. Emerging evidence suggests that computerized cognitive training may remediate these impairments. In a double blind controlled trial, 76 children with IDD (4-11 years) were randomized to either an attention training (n = 38) or control program (n = 38). Both programs were completed at home over a 5-week period. Outcome measures assessed literacy, numeracy, executive functioning, and behavioral/emotional problems, and were conducted at baseline, post-training, and 3-month follow-up...
March 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250707/the-home-literacy-environment-as-a-predictor-of-the-early-literacy-development-of-children-at-family-risk-of-dyslexia
#6
Lorna G Hamilton, Marianna E Hayiou-Thomas, Charles Hulme, Margaret J Snowling
The home literacy environment (HLE) predicts language and reading development in typically developing children; relatively little is known about its association with literacy development in children at family-risk of dyslexia. We assessed the HLE at age 4 years, precursor literacy skills at age 5, and literacy outcomes at age 6, in a sample of children at family-risk of dyslexia (n = 116) and children with no known risk (n = 72). Developmental relationships between the HLE and literacy were comparable between the groups; an additional effect of storybook exposure on phoneme awareness was observed in the family-risk group only...
September 2, 2016: Scientific Studies of Reading
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245512/barriers-and-facilitators-to-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-cald-communities-in-victoria-australia
#7
Sheila Cyril, Jan M Nicholson, Kingsley Agho, Michael Polonsky, Andre M Renzaho
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity is rising among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups who show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives. We examined the barriers and facilitators to the engagement of CALD communities in obesity prevention initiatives. METHODS: We used the nominal group technique to collect data from 39 participants from Vietnamese, Burmese, African, Afghani and Indian origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia...
February 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217603/the-prevalence-of-domestic-violence-and-its-associated-factors-among-married-women-in-a-rural-area-of-puducherry-south-india
#8
Jismary George, Divya Nair, Nancy R Premkumar, Nirmala Saravanan, Palanivel Chinnakali, Gautam Roy
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is an emerging problem worldwide and more so in India. Considering its adverse effects on women's health, assessing the burden of violence in the community will help in planning services for the victims. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence and to identify factors associated with domestic violence among married women in reproductive age group in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Puducherry, South India...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195940/correlates-of-health-literacy-and-its-impact-on-illness-beliefs-for-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#9
Vijaya Arun Kumar, Nancy M Albert, Patrick Medado, Lynn Marie Mango, Benjamin Nutter, Dongsheng Yang, Phillip Levy
OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between health literacy (HL) and socioeconomic, demographic factors and disease-specific illness beliefs among patients who present to the emergency department with heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Maintenance of well-being for patients with HF is partially dependent on appropriate self-care behaviors, which, in turn, are influenced by underlying illness beliefs. HL is a potential modifier of the interaction between behaviors and beliefs...
March 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182803/patient-level-exclusions-from-mhealth-in-a-safety-net-health-system
#10
Keiki Hinami, Bhrandon A Harris, Ricardo Uriostegui, Wilnise Jasmin, Mario Lopez, William E Trick
Excitement about mobile health (mHealth) for improving care transitions is fueled by widespread adoption of smartphones across all social segments, but new disparities can emerge around nonadopters of technology-based communications. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of urban low-income adults to assess inadequate reading health literacy and limited English proficiency as factors affecting access to and engagement with mHealth. Although the proportion owning smartphones were comparable to national figures, adjusted analysis showed fewer patients with inadequate reading health literacy having Internet access (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182166/reducing-the-risk-of-stroke-in-elderly-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-a-practical-guide-for-clinicians
#11
REVIEW
Joanne M Foody
Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) significantly contributes to the burden of stroke, particularly in elderly patients. The challenge of optimizing anticoagulation therapy is balancing efficacy and bleeding risk, especially as the same patients at high risk of stroke also tend to be at high risk of bleeding. Treating the elderly patient with NVAF presents special challenges because of their heightened risk for both stroke and bleeding. Despite clinical trial data and evidence-based guidelines, surveys indicate that physicians underuse anticoagulation in older patients for reasons that include overemphasis of bleeding risk, particularly with the increased risk of falling, at the cost of thromboembolic risk...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156563/barriers-and-facilitators-of-navigator-led-advance-care-planning-conversations-in-older-patients-with-cancer
#12
Chao-Hui Huang, Soumya J Niranjan, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Kelly Kenzik, Kerri S Bevis, Gabrielle Betty Rocque
17 Background: National guidelines and most individuals endorse advance care planning (ACP) as essential; however, few individuals engage in such planning. Little is known about the role of lay navigators in supporting ACP. We sought to understand facilitators and barriers of successful implementation of ACP conducted by lay cancer navigators. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 26 lay navigators at 11 sites across the Southeast who were engaged in ACP implementation using Respecting Choices©...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146297/development-of-a-patient-centered-outcome-measure-for-emergency-department-asthma-patients
#13
Margaret E Samuels-Kalow, Karin V Rhodes, Mira Henien, Emily Hardy, Thomas Moore, Felicia Wong, Carlos A Camargo, Carolyn T Rizzo, Cynthia Mollen
BACKGROUND: Measuring outcomes of emergency care is of key importance, but current metrics, such as 72-hour return visit rates, are subject to ascertainment bias, incentivize over-testing and over-treatment at initial visit, and do not reflect the full burden of disease and morbidity experienced at home following ED care. There is increasing emphasis on including patient-reported outcomes, but the existing patient-reported measures have limited applicability to emergency care. OBJECTIVE: To identify concepts for inclusion in a patient-reported outcome measure for ED care, and assess differences in potential concepts by health literacy...
February 1, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142389/addressing-mental-health-needs-perspectives-of-african-americans-living-in-the-rural-south
#14
Tiffany F Haynes, Ann M Cheney, J Greer Sullivan, Keneshia Bryant, Geoffrey M Curran, Mary Olson, Naomi Cottoms, Christina Reaves
OBJECTIVE: Rural African Americans are disproportionately affected by social stressors that place them at risk of developing psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to understand mental health, mental health treatment, and barriers to treatment from the perspective of rural African-American residents and other stakeholders in order to devise culturally acceptable treatment approaches. METHODS: Seven focus groups (N=50) were conducted with four stakeholder groups: primary care providers, faith community representatives, college students and administrators, and individuals living with mental illness...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103914/health-literacy-of-recently-hospitalised-patients-a-cross-sectional-survey-using-the-health-literacy-questionnaire-hlq
#15
Rebecca L Jessup, Richard H Osborne, Alison Beauchamp, Allison Bourne, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is simply defined as an individual's ability to access, understand and use information in ways that promote and maintain good health. Lower health literacy has been found to be associated with increased emergency department presentations and potentially avoidable hospitalisations. This study aimed to determine the health literacy of hospital inpatients, and to examine if associations exist between different dimensions of their health literacy, sociodemographic characteristics and hospital services use...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103762/cultural-and-biological-factors-modulate-spatial-biases-over-development
#16
Luisa Girelli, Chiara Valeria Marinelli, Giuseppe Grossi, Lisa S Arduino
Increasing evidence supports the contribution of both biological and cultural factors to visuospatial processing. The present study adds to the literature by exploring the interplay of perceptual and linguistic mechanisms in determining visuospatial asymmetries in adults (Experiment 1) and children (Experiment 2). In particular, pre-schoolers (3 and 5 year-olds), school-aged children (8 year-old), and adult participants were required to bisect different types of stimuli, that is, lines, words, and figure strings...
January 19, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102620/when-does-speech-sound-disorder-matter-for-literacy-the-role-of-disordered-speech-errors-co-occurring-language-impairment-and-family-risk-of-dyslexia
#17
Marianna E Hayiou-Thomas, Julia M Carroll, Ruth Leavett, Charles Hulme, Margaret J Snowling
BACKGROUND: This study considers the role of early speech difficulties in literacy development, in the context of additional risk factors. METHOD: Children were identified with speech sound disorder (SSD) at the age of 3½ years, on the basis of performance on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology. Their literacy skills were assessed at the start of formal reading instruction (age 5½), using measures of phoneme awareness, word-level reading and spelling; and 3 years later (age 8), using measures of word-level reading, spelling and reading comprehension...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095726/male-professional-footballers-experiences-of-mental-health-difficulties-and-help-seeking
#18
Susan Wood, Lesley K Harrison, Jo Kucharska
OBJECTIVES: Male professional footballers (soccer) represent an at-risk population of developing mental health difficulties and not accessing professional support. One in four current footballers report mental health difficulties. Higher prevalence is reported after retirement. This qualitative study aimed to provide in-depth insight into male professional footballers' lived experiences of mental health difficulties and help-seeking. METHODS: Seven participants were interviewed...
February 1, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093057/if-it-works-for-pills-can-it-work-for-skills-direct-to-consumer-social-marketing-of-evidence-based-psychological-treatments
#19
Robert D Friedberg, Hasan Bayar
The emergence of evidence-based psychological treatments (EVPTs) is a scientific success story, but unfortunately the application of these empirically supported procedures has been slow to gain ground in treatment-as-usual settings. This Open Forum commentary argues that direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing, which has worked well in communicating the advantages of various medicines, should perhaps be considered for use in social marketing of EVPTs. DTC marketing of pharmaceuticals is a long-standing advertising strategy in the United States...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067186/minding-the-gaps-literacy-enhances-lexical-segmentation-in-children-learning-to-read
#20
Naomi Havron, Inbal Arnon
Can emergent literacy impact the size of the linguistic units children attend to? We examined children's ability to segment multiword sequences before and after they learned to read, in order to disentangle the effect of literacy and age on segmentation. We found that early readers were better at segmenting multiword units (after controlling for age, cognitive, and linguistic variables), and that improvement in literacy skills between the two sessions predicted improvement in segmentation abilities. Together, these findings suggest that literacy acquisition, rather than age, enhanced segmentation...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Child Language
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