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Genetics of deafness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642064/the-genetic-basis-of-deafness-in-populations-of-african-descent
#1
REVIEW
Jason R Rudman, Rosemary I Kabahuma, Sara E Bressler, Yong Feng, Susan H Blanton, Denise Yan, Xue-Zhong Liu
Hearing loss is the most common sensorineural disorder worldwide and is associated with more than 1000 mutations in more than 90 genes. While mutations in genes such as GJB2 (gap-junction protein β 2) and GJB6 (gap-junction protein β 6) are highly prevalent in Caucasian, Asian, and Middle Eastern populations, they are rare in both native African populations and those of African descent. The objective of this paper is to review the current knowledge regarding the epidemiology and genetics of hearing loss in African populations with a focus on native sub-Saharan African populations...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614229/familial-clustering-of-congenital-deafness-patent-ductus-arteriosus-eisenmenger-complex-and-differential-cyanosis-a-case-report
#2
Ting-Wei Lin, Chih-Wei Tseng, Chi-Yao Huang, Kuo-Yang Wang, Kae-Woei Liang
RATIONALE: Few studies had reported syndromes that include patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) with Eisenmenger syndrome and congenital deafness clustered in male siblings without facial, skeletal, or mental abnormalities. PATIENT CONCERNS: Two brothers, who were deaf and had PDA with Eisenmenger complex, were first seen at our Cardiology clinic at the ages of 25 and 41, respectively. They presented with progressive dyspnea on exertion. Upon physical examination, both brothers had clubbing and/or cyanotic toes, normal fingers, and without facial, skeletal, ophthalmological, or mental abnormalities...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609304/suprameatal-cochlear-implantation-in-a-charge-patient-with-a-novel-chd7-variant-and-kallmann-syndrome-phenotype-a-case-report
#3
Akira Ganaha, Tetsuya Tono, Tadashi Kaname, Kumiko Yanagi, Teruyuki Higa, Shunsuke Kondo, Hiroyuki Maeda, Mikio Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: We present the clinical findings, technique of the suprameatal cochlear implantation, postoperative auditory results, and genetic analysis of the CHD7 gene. PATIENT: A 19-year-old Japanese woman was referred because of progressive hearing loss since early childhood. She had used verbal language for the main mode of communication until the age of 17. Examination revealed coloboma, heart defect, choanal atresia, genital hypoplasia, and deafness, which was diagnosed as CHARGE syndrome...
June 12, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583500/mutation-analysis-of-common-gjb2-scl26a4-and-12s-rrna-genes-among-380-deafness-patients-in-northern-china
#4
Jing Pan, Ping Xu, Weibo Tang, Zhongtao Cui, Miao Feng, Chunying Wang
OBJECTIVES: The molecular etiology of nonsyndromic deafness in Chinese population has not been investigated systematically, our study is aim to investigate the molecular etiology of nonsyndromic deafness patients from Northern China (Heilongjiang province), in order to provide genetic test and counseling to families. METHODS: 380 unrelated patients with hearing loss who attended to the Department of Otolaryngology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were enrolled to our study...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579530/late-onset-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss-in-a-dongxiang-chinese-family-is-associated-with-the-593t-c-variant-in-the-mitochondrial-trna-phe-gene
#5
Xiaowan Chen, Zhipeng Nie, Fang Wang, Jianchao Wang, Xiao-Wen Liu, Jing Zheng, Yu-Fen Guo, Min-Xin Guan
We report here the clinical, genetic, molecular and biochemical characterization of a four-generation Dongxiang Chinese pedigree with suggestively maternally transmitted non-syndromic hearing loss. Five of 10 matrilineal relatives exhibited variable severity and age at onset of sensorineural hearing loss. The average ages at onset of hearing loss in matrilineal relatives of this family were 29years. Molecular analysis of their mitochondrial genomes identified the tRNA(Phe) 593T>C variant belonging to Asian haplogroup G2a2a...
June 1, 2017: Mitochondrion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576516/a-novel-missense-mutation-in-the-slc26a4-gene-causes-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss-and-enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct
#6
Xiaoguang He, Qi Peng, Siping Li, Pengyuan Zhu, Chunqiu Wu, Chunbao Rao, Jiang Chang, Mingyu Xie, Baimao Zhong, Xiaomei Lu
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the genetic causes of hearing loss in a Chinese proband with nonsyndromic hearing loss and enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome. METHODS: We conducted clinical and genetic evaluations in a deaf proband and his normal-hearing parents. Multiplex PCR technology combined with Ion Torrent™ next-generation sequencing technology was used to detect the pathogenic mutations. As a control, a group of 1500 previously studied healthy newborns from the same ethnic background were subjected to deafness gene screening using the same method as in our previous study...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566687/iterative-sequencing-and-variant-screening-isvs-as-a-novel-pathogenic-mutations-search-strategy-application-for-tmprss3-mutations-screen
#7
Urszula Lechowicz, Tomasz Gambin, Agnieszka Pollak, Anna Podgorska, Piotr Stawinski, Andre Franke, Britt-Sabina Petersen, Malgorzata Firczuk, Monika Oldak, Henryk Skarzynski, Rafal Ploski
Autosomal recessive diseases (ARD) are typically caused by a limited number of mutations whose identification is challenged by their low prevalence. Our purpose was to develop a novel approach allowing an efficient search for mutations causing ARD and evaluation of their pathogenicity without a control group. We developed Iterative Sequencing and Variant Screening (ISVS) approach based on iterative cycles of gene sequencing and mutation screening, and ISVS Simulator software ( http://zsibio.ii.pw.edu.pl/shiny/isvs/ ) for assessment of detected variants' significance...
May 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552359/vocal-learning-via-social-reinforcement-by-infant-marmoset-monkeys
#8
Daniel Y Takahashi, Diana A Liao, Asif A Ghazanfar
For over half a century now, primate vocalizations have been thought to undergo little or no experience-dependent acoustic changes during development [1]. If any changes are apparent, then they are routinely (and quite reasonably) attributed to the passive consequences of growth. Indeed, previous experiments on squirrel monkeys and macaque monkeys showed that social isolation [2, 3], deafness [2], cross-fostering [4] and parental absence [5] have little or no effect on vocal development. Here, we explicitly test in marmoset monkeys-a very vocal and cooperatively breeding species [6]-whether the transformation of immature into mature contact calls by infants is influenced by contingent parental vocal feedback...
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542515/a-novel-frameshift-mutation-of-smpx-causes-a-rare-form-of-x-linked-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss-in-a-chinese-family
#9
Zhijie Niu, Yong Feng, Lingyun Mei, Jie Sun, Xueping Wang, Juncheng Wang, Zhengmao Hu, Yunpeng Dong, Hongsheng Chen, Chufeng He, Yalan Liu, Xinzhang Cai, Xuezhong Liu, Lu Jiang
X-linked hearing impairment is the rarest form of genetic hearing loss (HL) and represents only a minor fraction of all cases. The aim of this study was to investigate the cause of X-linked inherited sensorineural HL in a four-generation Chinese family. A novel duplication variant (c.217dupA, p.Ile73Asnfs*5) in SMPX was identified by whole-exome sequencing. The frameshift mutation predicted to result in the premature truncation of the SMPX protein was co-segregated with the HL phenotype and was absent in 295 normal controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542481/effect-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-on-bdnf-release-and-neuroprotection-investigations-with-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-genetically-modified-nih3t3-fibroblasts-as-putative-cell-therapeutics
#10
Jennifer Schulze, Odett Kaiser, Gerrit Paasche, Hans Lamm, Andreas Pich, Andrea Hoffmann, Thomas Lenarz, Athanasia Warnecke
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a noninvasive widely applied treatment that increases the oxygen pressure in tissues. In cochlear implant (CI) research, intracochlear application of neurotrophic factors (NTFs) is able to improve survival of spiral ganglion neurons (SGN) after deafness. Cell-based delivery of NTFs such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may be realized by cell-coating of the surface of the CI electrode. Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) secrete a variety of different neurotrophic factors and may be used for the development of a biohybrid electrode in order to release endogenously-derived neuroprotective factors for the protection of residual SGN and for a guided outgrowth of dendrites in the direction of the CI electrode...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540413/a-recessive-mutation-in-beta-iv-spectrin-sptbn4-associates-with-congenital-myopathy-neuropathy-and-central-deafness
#11
Ellen Knierim, Esther Gill, Franziska Seifert, Susanne Morales-Gonzalez, Sathya D Unudurthi, Thomas J Hund, Werner Stenzel, Markus Schuelke
Congenital myopathies are a heterogeneous group of muscle disorders that are often genetically determined. Here, we investigated a boy with congenital myopathy, deafness, and neuropathy from a consanguineous Kurdish family by autozygosity mapping and whole exome sequencing. We found a homozygous nonsense mutation in SPTBN4 [c.1597C>T, NM_020971.2; p.(Q533*), NP_066022.2; ClinVar SUB2292235] encoding βIV-spectrin, a non-erythrocytic member of the β-spectrin family. Western blot confirmed the absence of the full-length 288 kDa isoform in muscle and of a specific 72 kDa isoform in fibroblasts...
May 24, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534044/hsp-and-deafness-neurocristopathy-caused-by-a-novel-mosaic-sox10-mutation
#12
Sandra Donkervoort, Diana Bharucha-Goebel, Pomi Yun, Ying Hu, Payam Mohassel, Ahmet Hoke, Wadih M Zein, Daniel Ezzo, Andrea M Atherton, Ann C Modrcin, Majed Dasouki, A Reghan Foley, Carsten G Bönnemann
OBJECTIVE: To identify the underlying genetic cause in 2 sisters affected with progressive lower extremity spasticity, neuropathy, and early-onset deafness. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing was performed, and segregation testing of variants was investigated using targeted Sanger sequencing. An inherited paternal mosaic mutation was further evaluated through quantitative analysis of the ratio of mutant vs wild-type allele in genomic DNA from various tissues, including blood, dermal fibroblasts, and saliva...
June 2017: Neurology. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505178/a-reverse-dot-blot-assay-for-the-screening-of-twenty-mutations-in-four-genes-associated-with-nshl-in-a-chinese-population
#13
Siping Li, Qi Peng, Shengyun Liao, Wenrui Li, Qiang Ma, Xiaomei Lu
BACKGROUND: Congenital deafness is one of the most distressing disorders affecting humanity and exhibits a high incidence worldwide. Most cases of congenital deafness in the Chinese population are caused by defects in a limited number of genes. A convenient and reliable method for detecting common deafness-related gene mutations in the Chinese population is required. METHODS: We developed a PCR-reverse dot blot (RDB) assay for screening 20 hotspot mutations of GJB2, GJB3, SLC26A4, and MT-RNR1, which are common non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL)-associated genes in the Chinese population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504500/infantile-onset-thiamine-responsive-megaloblastic-anemia-syndrome-with-slc19a2-mutation-a-case-report
#14
Nagehan Katipoğlu, Tuba H Karapinar, Korean Demir, Sultan Aydin Köker, Özlem Nalbantoğlu, Yılmaz Ay, Hüseyin A Korkmaz, Yeşim Oymak, Melek Yıldız, Selma Tunç, Filiz Hazan, Canan Vergin, Behzat Ozkan
BACKGROUND: Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome (TRMA), also known as Rogers syndrome, is characterized by megaloblastic anemia, sensorineural hearing loss, and diabetes mellitus. Disturbances of the thiamine transport into the cells results from homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the SLC19A2 gene. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a girl which presented with sensorineural deafness treated with a hearing prosthesis, insulin requiring diabetes, macrocytic anemia, treated with thiamine (100 mg/day)...
June 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499298/-cochlear-implant-state-of-the-art
#15
Thomas Lenarz
Cochlear implants are the treatment of choice for the auditory rehabilitation of patients with sensory deafness. They restore the missing function of inner hair cells by transforming the acoustic signal into electrical stimuli for activation of auditory nerve fibers. Due to the very fast technology development cochlear implants provide open-set speech understanding in the majority of patients including the use of the telephone. Children can achieve a near to normal speech and language development provided their deafness is detected early after onset and implantation is performed quickly thereafter...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495599/effects-of-the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-val66met-polymorphism-and-resting-brain-functional-connectivity-on-individual-differences-in-tactile-cognitive-performance-in-healthy-young-adults
#16
Xuejuan Yang, Ziliang Xu, Lin Liu, Peng Liu, Jinbo Sun, Lingmin Jin, Yuanqiang Zhu, Ningbo Fei, Wei Qin
Cognitive processes involve input from multiple sensory modalities and obvious differences in the level of cognitive function can be observed between individuals. Evidence to date understanding the biological basis of tactile cognitive variability, however, is limited compared with other forms of sensory cognition. Data from auditory and visual cognition research suggest that variations in both genetics and intrinsic brain function might contribute to individual differences in tactile cognitive performance...
May 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483234/identification-of-a-novel-missence-mutation-in-fgfr3-gene-in-an-iranian-family-with-ladd-syndrome-by-next-generation-sequencing
#17
Farah Talebi, Farideh Ghanbari Mardasi, Javad Mohammadi Asl, Amir Hooshang Bavarsad, Saeed Tizno
Lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital syndrome (LADD) is a multiple congenital anomaly and a genetically heterogeneous disorder. The aim of this study was to identify the pathogenic gene in an Iranian family with LADD syndrome and review the literature on reported mutations that involved in pathogenesis of LADD syndrome. One novel variant, c.1882 G > A, in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) was identified by next generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing. The heterozygous FGFR3 c.1882 G > A variant results in substitution of aspartic acid with asparagine at amino acid 628 (p...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482374/novel-rrm2b-mutation-and-severe-mitochondrial-dna-depletion-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Nesia Kropach, Vered Shkalim-Zemer, Naama Orenstein, Oded Scheuerman, Rachel Straussberg
Purpose To describe the clinical presentation and implications of mitochondrial DNA depletion disorder of two siblings with early fatal encephalomyopathy and a novel mutation in the RRM2B gene. The relevant literature is reviewed. Methods We describe two brothers aged 2.5 months and 1 month, respectively, who were hospitalized in a tertiary pediatric medical center for evaluation of focal seizures, hypotonia, poor feeding, failure to thrive, lactic acidosis, and developmental delay. The older brother also had seizures, and the younger had severe bilateral neurosensory deafness...
May 8, 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469493/beyond-the-electrocardiogram-mutations-in-cardiac-ion-channel-genes-underlie-nonarrhythmic-phenotypes
#19
REVIEW
Thomas M Roston, Taylor Cunningham, Anna Lehman, Zachary W Laksman, Andrew D Krahn, Shubhayan Sanatani
Cardiac ion channelopathies are an important cause of sudden death in the young and include long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, idiopathic ventricular fibrillation, and short QT syndrome. Genes that encode ion channels have been implicated in all of these conditions, leading to the widespread implementation of genetic testing for suspected channelopathies. Over the past half-century, researchers have also identified systemic pathologies that extend beyond the arrhythmic phenotype in patients with ion channel gene mutations, including deafness, epilepsy, cardiomyopathy, periodic paralysis, and congenital heart disease...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468959/dominant-er-stress-inducing-wfs1-mutations-underlie-a-genetic-syndrome-of-neonatal-infancy-onset-diabetes-congenital-sensorineural-deafness-and-congenital-cataracts
#20
Elisa De Franco, Sarah E Flanagan, Takuya Yagi, Damien Abreu, Jana Mahadevan, Matthew B Johnson, Garan Jones, Fernanda Acosta, Mphele Mulaudzi, Ngee Lek, Vera Oh, Oliver Petz, Richard Caswell, Sian Ellard, Fumihiko Urano, Andrew T Hattersley
Neonatal diabetes is frequently part of a complex syndrome with extra-pancreatic features: 18 genes causing syndromic neonatal diabetes have been identified to date. There remain patients with neonatal diabetes who have novel genetic syndromes.We performed exome sequencing in a patient and his unrelated, unaffected parents to identify the genetic aetiology of a syndrome characterized by neonatal diabetes, sensorineural deafness and congenital cataracts. Further testing was performed in 311 patients with diabetes diagnosed before 1 year of age in whom all known genetic causes had been excluded...
May 3, 2017: Diabetes
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