keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

electrolyte imbalance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151001/intravenous-fluid-therapy-for-hospitalized-and-critically-ill-children-rationale-available-drugs-and-possible-side-effects
#1
Thomas Langer, Rosamaria Limuti, Concezione Tommasino, Niels van Regenmortel, Els L I M Duval, Pietro Caironi, Manu L N G Malbrain, Antonio Pesenti
Human beings are constituted mainly of water. In particular, children's total body water might reach 75-80% of their body weight, compared to 60-70% in adults. It is therefore not surprising, that children, especially hospitalized newborns and infants, are markedly prone to water and electrolyte imbalances. Parenteral fluid therapy is a cornerstone of medical treatment and is thus of exceptional relevance in this patient population. It is crucial to appreciate the fact that intravenous fluids are drugs with very different characteristics, different indications, contraindications and relevant side effects...
November 18, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147785/qt-interval-and-dispersion-in-drug-free-anorexia-nervosa-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#2
Monica Bomba, Lucio Tremolizzo, Fabiola Corbetta, Franco Nicosia, Francesca Lanfranconi, Gianni Poggioli, Karine Goulene, Marco Stramba-Badiale, Elisa Conti, Francesca Neri, Renata Nacinovich
Long QT values have been reported in patients with anorexia nervosa of the restricting type (ANr) potentially increasing the risk of fatal arrhythmia, especially if psychotropic drug treatment is required. Nevertheless, the previous studies on this topic are biased by drug exposure, long disease durations, and small sample sizes. This study is aimed at assessing QTc and QTcd values in ANr adolescents with recent onset and drug free, as compared to subjects affected by psychiatric disorders other than ANr. We evaluated QTc and its dispersion (QTcd) in a population of 77 drug-free ANr female adolescents and compared to an equal number of healthy controls (H-CTRL) and pathological controls (P-CTRL, mixed psychiatric disorders)...
November 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137063/gallstone-ileus-displaying-the-typical-rigler-triad-and-an-occult-second-ectopic-stone-a-case-report
#3
Li Wang, Ping Dong, Yi Zhang, Bole Tian
RATIONALE: Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis. It has a female predominance and can result in high mortality rates. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 71-year-old woman complaining of recurrent vomiting and vague epigastralgia for > 2 weeks presented to our department. DIAGNOSIS: Based on her physical examination, laboratory test results and radiographic findings (the typical Rigler's triad), she was diagnosed with gallstone ileus caused by multiple ectopic stones...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135397/electrolytes-imbalance-caused-by-amikacin-in-patients-receiving-multi-drug-resistance-tuberculosis-treatment-at-hazara-region-kpk-pakistan
#4
Faheem Jan, Mukhtiar Hassan, Naveed Muhammad, Shahid Wali, Hafiz Sajid Akbar, Qazi Mashhood Atta, Farzana Gul
Introduction: Multi drug resistance-tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is considered amongst one of the fatal medical and public health issue. Greater frequency of adverse reactions has been observed using 2nd line antituberculosis drugs, which rises the rate of morbidity. Hypokalemia and hyponatremia are common in patients receiving MDR-TB treatment. Materials and Methods: This study was aimed to assess the effect of amikacin as multidrug resistance tuberculosis treatment on serum sodium and potassium level...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132247/management-of-a-rare-case-with-severe-hydrofluoric-acid-burns-important-roles-of-neutralizers-and-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#5
Yuanhai Zhang, Xingang Wang, Yuezhen Liu, Xinhua Jiang, Chunjiang Ye, Liangfang Ni, Liping Zhang, Jianfen Zhang, Bin Xu, Chunmao Han
Hydrofluoric acid (HF), a dangerous inorganic acid, is widely used in various industries and in daily life. Chemical burns caused by HF exposure occur more frequently in some regions worldwide. It has been reported that some cases with HF burns can be lethal due to the hypertoxicity of HF. In this article, we present a case of a 24-year-old worker who suffered HF burns by 53% HF solution to his face, neck, and nasal cavity. This patient quickly developed electrolyte disturbance, that is, hypocalcemia, and hypopotassemia, and myocardial injury after exposure...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131554/the-pathophysiology-incidence-impact-and-treatment-of-opioid-induced-nausea-and-vomiting
#6
Theresa Mallick-Searle, Mechele Fillman
PURPOSE: Opioid medications are integral in managing acute moderate-to-severe pain. Opioid analgesics bind to μ (mu), κ (kappa), or δ (delta) opioid receptors in the brain, spinal cord, and digestive tract. However, opioids cause adverse effects that may interfere with their therapeutic use. Some adverse effects wane over time, but patients using opioids for acute pain struggle with opioid-induced nausea and vomiting (OINV) the entire time they take the opioid. This article discusses the underlying mechanisms, clinical implications, and treatment strategies of OINV...
November 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130223/-metabolic-changes-in-patients-with-short-bowel-syndrome-and-the-nutritional-support-therapy
#7
Guohao Wu
Patients with short bowel syndrome suffer from fluid and electrolyte imbalance and malabsorption due to poor nutrient processing capability of the residual intestine. Nutritional support therapy has been considered as one of the important treatments for short bowel syndrome. For patients with short bowel syndrome, a deep understanding of metabolic changes, and then rational application of nutritional support therapy and intestinal rehabilitation program can save many patients' lives, improve quality of life, and even achieve independence from parenteral nutrition, and return to a normal life...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129646/extracellular-volume-depletion-and-resultant-hypotonic-hyponatremia-a-novel-translational-approach
#8
Philip J G M Voets, Roderick P P W M Maas
Although several methods currently exist to determine that a person is hypovolemic, it often remains very challenging to accurately estimate the effective circulating volume or amount of intravascular volume depletion in a non-controlled setting. This depletion of intravascular volume can have many causes and is frequently accompanied by hypotonic hyponatremia as a result of hypovolemia-induced release of arginine vasopressin (AVP) from the posterior pituitary gland. Here, we derive a novel, comprehensible equation that provides a theoretical insight into the complex interrelationship between the degree of isotonic volume depletion and the resultant change in plasma sodium concentration...
November 9, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117755/contribution-of-oxidative-stress-in-acute-intestinal-mucositis-induced-by-5-fluorouracil-5-fu-and-its-pro-drug-capecitabine-in-rats
#9
Kaïs Rtibi, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Mohamed Amri, Hichem Sebai, Lamjed Marzouki
This study was designed to examine the contribution of oxidative stress in gastrointestinal disorders after an intraperitoneal administration of 5-FU (100mg/kg b.w.) and capecitabine oral administration (500mg/kg b.w.). The animals were divided into three groups: Group A (NaCl, 10ml/kg b.w.) considered as control group, group B was intoxicated by 5-FU and the group of animals (group C) treated with capecitabine (CAP). To evaluate the secretory and enteropooling effects, we were used as a hypersecretion agent (MgSO4, 1ml/100g b...
November 8, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108375/association-between-postoperative-hyponatremia-and-renal-prognosis-in-major-urologic-surgery
#10
Sehoon Park, Jung Nam An, Jung Pyo Lee, Yun Kyu Oh, Dong Ki Kim, Kwon Wook Joo, Yon Su Kim, Chun Soo Lim
Recent evidence for the clinical significance of postoperative hyponatremia after urologic surgeries remains scarce. We examined the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of electrolyte imbalance in urologic surgery. Patients with newly developed hyponatremia, defined as a sodium level lower than 135 mEq/L within 7 days after surgery, were included in our study group. The primary outcome was progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Secondary outcome was composition of progression to ESRD and creatinine doubling/eGFR halving from baseline...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099020/correction-hasona-n-a-and-elasbali-a-evaluation-of-electrolytes-imbalance-and-dyslipidemia-in-diabetic-patients-med-sci-2016-4-7
#11
Nabil A Hasona, Abdulbaset Elasbali
The authors wish to make the following correction to their paper [1]. In the discussion section, the sentence "Regarding the lipid profile, the present results revealed a significant increase (p < 0.001) in the serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol in all diabetics relative to all non-diabetic subjects". This should be changed to "Regarding the lipid profile, the present results revealed a significant increase (p < 0.001) in the serum levels of cholesterol and triglycerides and a significant decrease in HDL-cholesterol in all diabetics relative to all non-diabetic subjects"...
January 22, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077646/high-incidence-of-proteinuria-in-children-with-chronic-intestinal-failure-under-long-term-parenteral-nutrition
#12
Heiko Billing, Anna Traunspurger, Ekkehard Sturm, Andreas Busch
Long-term home parenteral nutrition (LTPN) in children with chronic intestinal failure (CIF) is associated with renal complications such as fluid and electrolyte imbalances, nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis and chronic kidney disease (CKD). The etiology of CIF-associated nephropathy is multifactorial. The aim of this study was to evaluate renal involvement under LTPN. In this study 50 patients with CIF, median age 4.2 years (1.4 - 9.3, 23 female) were included. Kidney involvement was a frequent finding in this study...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071091/the-use-of-the-renalguard-system-in-cardiac-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-first-in-man-prospective-observational-feasibility-pilot-study
#13
Heyman Luckraz, Ramesh Giri, Benmjamin Wrigley, Anne-Marie Hennessy, Johann Nicholas, Alan Nevill
OBJECTIVES: As proof of concept, this prospective, observational study assessed the feasibility and early clinical outcomes of performing on-pump cardiac surgery with the RenalGuard system. BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is reported in up to 30% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and is a recognised independent predictor of both morbidity and mortality. Forced diuresis with the RenalGuard system reduces the incidence of AKI during percutaneous coronary intervention procedures but its use in cardiac surgery has not been explored...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070499/identifying-and-characterizing-preventable-adverse-drug-events-for-prioritizing-pharmacist-intervention-in-hospitals
#14
Nakyung Jeon, Ben Staley, Thomas Johns, Glori Pflugfelder Lipori, Babette Brumback, Richard Segal, Almut G Winterstein
PURPOSE: The approach and results for identifying and characterizing preventable adverse drug events (pADEs) that are key targets for pharmacist medication therapy management (MTM) are summarized. METHODS: This study was part of a larger effort aimed at developing an electronic health record-based prediction model (the complexity score, or C-score) that ranks hospitalized patients according to their risk for pADEs. An environmental scan of published epidemiologic pADE studies and national patient safety priority areas was conducted...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067358/asymmetric-vanadium-flow-batteries-long-lifespan-via-an-anolyte-overhang-strategy
#15
Di Mu, Yang Zhao, Liwei Yu, Le Liu, Jingyu Xi
Fast capacity decay is a serious problem in vanadium flow batteries (VFBs). How to eliminate or slow down capacity fading has become a critical issue for the practical application of VFBs. Herein, the concept of an asymmetric vanadium flow battery (aVFB) is introduced, in which the asymmetric design of a catholyte and an anolyte is used to suppress the capacity decay of the VFB. Based on the comprehensive analysis of the capacity decay and electrolyte imbalance process of the traditional symmetric VFB, it was found that the capacity fading is mainly owing to the loss of the anolyte in the long-term cycling test...
November 8, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058194/characterization-of-mc4r-regulation-of-the-kir7-1-channel-using-the-tl-flux-assay
#16
Michael J Litt, Roger D Cone, Masoud Ghamari-Langroudi
The family of inward rectifying potassium channels (Kir channels) plays crucial roles in the regulation of heart rhythms, renal excretion, insulin release, and neuronal activity. Their dysfunction has been attributed to numerous diseases such as cardiac arrhythmia, kidney failure and electrolyte imbalance, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, retinal degeneration, and other neuronal disorders. We have recently demonstrated that the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R), a Gαs-coupled GPCR, regulates Kir7.1 activity through a mechanism independent of Gαs and cAMP...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042903/renal-tubular-acidosis-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#17
Su Woong Jung, Eun Ji Park, Jin Sug Kim, Tae Won Lee, Chun Gyoo Ihm, Sang Ho Lee, Ju-Young Moon, Yang Gyun Kim, Kyung Hwan Jeong
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands resulting in decreased saliva and tear production. It uncommonly involves the kidneys in various forms, including tubulointerstitial nephritis, renal tubular acidosis, Fanconi syndrome, and rarely glomerulonephritis. Its clinical symptoms include muscle weakness, periodic paralysis, and bone pain due to metabolic acidosis and electrolyte imbalance. Herein, we describe the cases of two women with pSS whose presenting symptoms involve the kidneys...
September 2017: Electrolyte & Blood Pressure: E & BP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016233/metabolic-complications-of-home-parenteral-nutrition
#18
Jamie Davila, Denise Konrad
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) has benefited countless patients since its initiation almost 5 decades ago. Over time, HPN has been found to be associated with various complications, including metabolic disorders. Metabolic complications can be grouped into short-term (eg, fluid imbalance, electrolyte disturbances, glucose abnormalities) and long-term (eg, hepatobiliary disorders, metabolic bone disease, iron deficiency anemia, manganese toxicity) categories. There are a number of treatment options for each complication...
December 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992869/valproic-acid-overdose-review-of-a-case-with-electrocardiographic-changes
#19
Antonio E Muñiz
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA) is increasingly used to treat a variety of medical disorders, such as seizures, psychiatric disorders, and headaches. Therefore, accidental and intentional ingestions with valproic acid are increasing. OBJECTIVES: A case is presented in an adolescent with ischemic electrocardiographic changes after an acute overdose with VPA. DISCUSSION: Major features of a valproic acid overdose include respiratory depression, progressive coma, hepatotoxicity, thrombocytopenia, and hemodynamic instability...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987591/a-dynamic-model-to-simulate-potassium-balance-in-dairy-cows
#20
M Berg, J Plöntzke, S Leonhard-Marek, K E Müller, S Röblitz
High-performing dairy cows require a particular composition of nutritional ingredients, adapted to their individual requirements and depending on their production status. The optimal dimensioning of minerals in the diet, one being potassium, is indispensable for the prevention of imbalances. Potassium balance in cows is the result of potassium intake, distribution in the organism, and excretion, and it is closely related to glucose and electrolyte metabolism. In this paper, we present a dynamical model for potassium balance in lactating and nonlactating dairy cows based on ordinary differential equations...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
keyword
keyword
35129
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"