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Integrated behavioral health primary care

Kathryn M Nowotny, Jessica Frankeberger, Victoria E Rodriguez, Avelardo Valdez, Alice Cepeda
Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is among the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections in the United States. Despite this, there has been limited research on the correlates to HSV-2 among disadvantaged and marginalized women, particularly among Latinas. Data for the present analysis include 125 young adult Mexican-American women enrolled in a longitudinal study in a disadvantaged urban community in San Antonio, Texas. The current rate of tested HSV-2 infection is 56.8%. Our findings suggest strong comorbidity of genital herpes with injecting heroin use, Hepatitis C, sexual violence, incarceration, and mental illness...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Brittany L Cornwell, Laurie M Brockmann, Elaine C Lasky, Jennifer Mach, John F McCarthy
OBJECTIVES: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has achieved substantial national implementation of primary care-mental health integration (PC-MHI) services. However, little is known regarding program characteristics, variation in characteristics across settings, or associations between program fidelity and performance. This study identified core elements of PC-MHI services and evaluated their associations with program characteristics and performance. METHODS: A principal-components analysis (PCA) of reports from 349 sites identified factors associated with PC-MHI fidelity...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Dennis S Freeman, Cathy Hudgins, Joel Hornberger
The Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) practice model continues to gain converts among primary care and behavioral health professionals as the evidence supporting its effectiveness continues to accumulate. Despite a growing number of practices and organizations using the model effectively, widespread implementation has been hampered by outmoded policies and regulatory barriers. As policymakers and legislators begin to recognize the contributions that PCBH model services make to the care of complex patients and the expansion of access to those in need of behavioral health interventions, some encouraging policy initiatives are emerging and the policy environment is becoming more favorable to implementation of the PCBH model...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Moshood O Omotayo, Katherine L Dickin, David L Pelletier, Stephanie L Martin, Jacqueline K Kung'u, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
Calcium (Ca) supplementation to prevent preeclampsia can save maternal and newborn lives, but there are no program models for integration into existing antenatal care platforms. We used a program impact pathway model to guide the design of integrated Ca and iron-folate (IFA) supplementation in Kenya. We provided healthcare providers with job aids (posters and counseling cards), trained them on counseling techniques and supplementation guidelines, and developed behavior change materials for pregnant women (pill-taking calendars)...
February 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Mark McGovern, Kaitlin Dent, Rodger Kessler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Parashar Pravin Ramanuj, Rachel Talley, Joshua Breslau, Scarlett Sijia Wang, Harold Alan Pincus
People with co-occurring behavioral and physical conditions receive poorer care through traditional health care services. One solution has been to integrate behavioral and physical care services. This study assesses efforts to integrate behavioral health and primary care services in New York. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 52 professionals in either group or individual settings. We aimed to identify factors which facilitate or hinder integration for people with serious mental illness and how these factors inter-relate...
February 27, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Antônio Geraldo da Silva, Leandro Fernandes Malloy-Diniz, Marina Saraiva Garcia, Carlos Guilherme Silva Figueiredo, Renata Nayara Figueiredo, Alexandre Paim Diaz, António Pacheco Palha
The current considerations about completed suicides and suicide attempts in different cultures call the attention of professionals to this serious public health problem. Integrative approaches have shown that the confluence of multiple biological and social factors modulate various psychopathologies and dysfunctional behaviors, such as suicidal behavior. Considering the level of intermediate analysis, personality traits and cognitive functioning are also of great importance for understanding the suicide phenomenon...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Lixin Song, Kaitlyn L Dunlap, Xianming Tan, Ronald C Chen, Matthew E Nielsen, Rebecca L Rabenberg, Josephine K Asafu-Adjei, Bridget F Koontz, Sarah A Birken, Laurel L Northouse, Deborah K Mayer
BACKGROUND: This project explores a new model of care that enhances survivorship care planning and promotes health for men with localized prostate cancer transitioning to posttreatment self-management. Survivorship care planning is important for patients with prostate cancer because of its high incidence rate in the United States, the frequent occurrence of treatment-related side effects, and reduced quality of life (QOL) for both men and their partners. A key component of comprehensive survivorship care planning is survivorship care plans (SCPs), documents that summarize cancer diagnosis, treatment, and plans for follow-up care...
February 26, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Frederic G Reamer
Integrated health care has come of age. What began modestly in the 1930s has evolved into a mature model of health care that is quickly becoming the standard of care. Social workers are now employed in a wide range of comprehensive integrated health care organizations. Some of these settings were designed as integrated health care delivery systems from their beginning. Others evolved over time, some incorporating behavioral health into existing primary care centers and others incorporating primary care into existing behavioral health agencies...
February 22, 2018: Health & Social Work
José I Recio-Rodriguez, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Ignasi Ramirez, Natividad Gonzalez-Viejo, Amparo Gomez-Arranz, Fernando Salcedo-Aguilar, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez, Rosario Alonso-Domínguez, Natalia Sánchez-Aguadero, Jesus Gonzalez-Sanchez, Luis Garcia-Ortiz
INTRODUCTION: Mobile technology, when included within multicomponent interventions, could contribute to more effective weight loss. The objective of this project is to assess the impact of adding the use of the EVIDENT 3 application, designed to promote healthy living habits, to traditional modification strategies employed for weight loss. Other targeted behaviors (walking, caloric-intake, sitting time) and outcomes (quality of life, inflammatory markers, measurements of arterial aging) will also be evaluated...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jeffrey T Reiter, Anne C Dobmeyer, Christopher L Hunter
The Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model is a prominent approach to the integration of behavioral health services into primary care settings. Implementation of the PCBH model has grown over the past two decades, yet research and training efforts have been slowed by inconsistent terminology and lack of a concise, operationalized definition of the model and its key components. This article provides the first concise operationalized definition of the PCBH model, developed from examination of multiple published resources and consultation with nationally recognized PCBH model experts...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Joshua Breslau, Emily Leckman-Westin, Bing Han, Riti Pritam, Diana Guarasi, Marcela Horvitz-Lennon, Deborah M Scharf, Molly T Finnerty, Hao Yu
OBJECTIVE: Integrating primary care services into specialty mental health clinics has been proposed as a method for improving health care utilization for medical conditions by adults with serious mental illness. This paper examines the impact of a mental health based primary care program on emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. METHOD: The program was implemented in seven New York City outpatient mental health clinics in two waves. Medicaid claims were used to identify patients treated in intervention clinics and a control group of patients treated in otherwise similar clinics in New York City...
February 17, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
Karen Chan Osilla, Katherine E Watkins, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Colleen M McCullough, Allison J Ober
OBJECTIVE: Primary care (PC) may be an opportune setting to engage patients with opioid and alcohol use disorders (OAUDs) in treatment. We examined whether motivational interviewing (MI) fidelity was associated with engagement in primary care-based OAUD treatment in an integrated behavioral health setting. METHODS: We coded 42 first session therapy recordings and examined whether therapist MI global ratings and behavior counts were associated with patient engagement, defined as the patient receiving one shot of extended-release injectable naltrexone or any combination of at least two additional behavioral therapy, sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone prescriptions, or OAUD-related medical visits within 30days of their initial behavioral therapy visit...
April 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
David A Collins, Kirsten Thompson, Katharine A Atwood, Melissa H Abadi, David L Rychener, Leigh Ann Simmons
Background: Although studies of health coaching for behavior change in chronic disease prevention and management are increasing, to date no studies have reported on what concepts and skills providers integrate into their clinical practice following participation in health coaching courses. The purpose of this qualitative study was to assess Veterans Health Administration (VHA) providers' perceptions of the individual-level and system-level changes they observed after participating with colleagues in a 6-day Whole Health Coaching course held in 8 VHA medical centers nationwide...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
Dennis S Freeman, Lesley Manson, Jeff Howard, Joel Hornberger
The PCBH model of integrated care blends behavioral health professionals into the primary care team, thereby enhancing the scope of primary care and expanding the range of services provided to the patient. Despite promising evidence in support of the model and a growing number of advocates and practitioners of PCBH integration, current reimbursement policies are not always favorable. As the nation's healthcare system transitions to value-based payment models, new financing strategies are emerging which will further support the viability of PCBH integration...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Adeya Richmond, Jessica Jackson
Many health concerns in the United States (e.g., diabetes) are routinely managed in primary care settings. Regardless of the medical condition, patients' health is directly influenced by factors such as healthcare providers and cultural background. Training related to how behaviors influence health, coupled with training on how cultural diversity intersects with mental health, allows psychologists to have the relevant expertise to assist in the development of primary care behavioral health interventions. However, many psychologists in primary care struggle with how to integrate a culture-centered paradigm into their roles as behavioral health providers...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Sheridan Miyamoto, Madan Dharmar, Sarina Fazio, Yajarayma Tang-Feldman, Heather M Young
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, are the leading cause of mortality and disability in the United States. Current solutions focus primarily on diagnosis and pharmacological treatment, yet there is increasing evidence that patient-centered models of care are more successful in improving and addressing chronic disease outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this clinical trial is to evaluate the impact of a mobile health (mHealth) enabled nurse health coaching intervention on self-efficacy among adults with type-2 diabetes mellitus...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Brant Hager, Michael Hasselberg, Eric Arzubi, Jonathan Betlinski, Mark Duncan, Jennifer Richman, Lori E Raney
This column describes Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes), a teleconsultation, tele-education, telementoring model for enhancing primary care treatment of underserved patients with complex medical conditions. Numerous centers have adapted ECHO to support primary care treatment of behavioral health disorders. Preliminary evidence for behavioral health ECHO programs suggests positive impacts on providers, treatment planning, and emergency department costs. ECHO has the potential to improve access to effective and cost-effective behavioral health care by virtually integrating behavioral health knowledge and support in sites where specialty providers are not available...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Lara Hilton, Pamela Elfenbaum, Shamini Jain, Meredith Sprengel, Wayne B Jonas
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of freestanding integrative cancer clinical programs is challenging and is rarely done. We have developed an approach called the Claim Assessment Profile (CAP) to identify whether evaluation of a practice is justified, feasible, and likely to provide useful information. OBJECTIVES: A CAP was performed in order to (1) clarify the healing claims at InspireHealth, an integrative oncology treatment program, by defining the most important impacts on its clients; (2) gather information about current research capacity at the clinic; and (3) create a program theory and path model for use in prospective research...
March 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Robyn L Shepardson, Laura J Buchholz, Risa B Weisberg, Jennifer S Funderburk
Anxiety symptoms are prevalent in primary care, yet treatment rates are low. The integration of behavioral health providers into primary care via the Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model offers a promising way to improve treatment options by adding a team member with the necessary skillset to deliver evidence-based psychological interventions for anxiety. We conducted a narrative review of psychological interventions for anxiety applied within adult primary care settings (k = 44) to update the literature and evaluate the fit of existing interventions with the PCBH model...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
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