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muscle echinococcus

Nihat Aksakal, Metin Kement, Nuri Okkabaz, Yunus Emre Altuntaş, Mustafa Öncel
The hydatid disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus is an endemic parasitic disease affecting several Mediterranean countries. Echinococcal cysts are mostly located in the liver and the lung, but the disease can be detected anywhere in the body. In this study, we present uncommon extrahepatic localizations of primary hydatid disease. Patients who were operated on for hydatid disease or cystic lesions, which were later diagnosed as hydatid disease, between 2004 and 2010 were retrieved retrospectively. Patients with lesions localized outside the liver and the lung were enrolled in the study...
2016: Ulusal Cerrahi Dergisi
Zhaoqun Liu, Zhi Zhou, Lingling Wang, Wenjing Dong, Limei Qiu, Linsheng Song
Muscarinic receptors, which selectively take muscarine as their ligand, are critical for the immunological and physiological processes in animals. In the present study, the open region frame (ORF) of a homologue of muscarinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor (mAChR) was amplified from oyster Crassostrea gigas (named as CgmAChR-1), whose full length was 1983 bp and the protein it encoded contained 660 amino acids with a seven transmembrane region. Phylogeny analysis suggested that CgmAChR-1 shared homology with M5 muscarinic receptor found in invertebrates including Habropoda laboriosa, Acromyrmex echinatior and Echinococcus granulosus...
December 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Soykan Barlas, Arzu Akan, Yavuz Eryavuz, Refik Bademci, Giray Yavuz, Sedat Kamali, Gülçin Kamali
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation of humans and herbivorous animals, caused by Echinococcus granulosus. A 55-year-old woman had no prior surgery for hydatid disease earlier. Total cystopericystectomy was performed without cyst rupture. Albendazole was given postoperatively. Neither systemic or local complications nor recurrences were found after minimum follow-up of 12 months, and the laboratory test results were within the normal ranges. Since primer muscular hydatidosis is a very rare disease, care should be taken in diagnosis of cystic mass of skeletal muscle, especially in endemic areas...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Imran Hasanoglu, Mahmut Nedim Aytekin, Yetkin Agackiran, Mahmut Ugurlu, Rahmet Guner, Nihat Tosun
Hydatid cyst is one of the five most diagnosed zoonotic diseases in the Mediterranean region. However, intramuscular localisation is very rare. It is reported that muscular involvement constitutes 1-5.4% of all Echinococcus infections. Here we would like to report an unusual case of hydatid cyst in the gluteus muscle, which had been treated with both surgical and medical treatment.
June 2, 2016: Tropical Doctor
Uriel Koziol, Francesca Jarero, Peter D Olson, Klaus Brehm
BACKGROUND: Early developmental patterns of flatworms are extremely diverse and difficult to compare between distant groups. In parasitic flatworms, such as tapeworms, this is confounded by highly derived life cycles involving indirect development, and even the true orientation of the tapeworm antero-posterior (AP) axis has been a matter of controversy. In planarians, and metazoans generally, the AP axis is specified by the canonical Wnt pathway, and we hypothesized that it could also underpin axial formation during larval metamorphosis in tapeworms...
2016: BMC Biology
A N Peón, Y Ledesma-Soto, L I Terrazas
Taeniidae is the largest family of the Cyclophyllidea order of parasites despite being composed of just two genera: Taenia spp and Echinococcus spp. These parasites are flatworms with a terrestrial life cycle, having an immature or larval stage called metacestode, which develops into the mature form within the intestine of the primary host after being consumed in raw or poorly cooked meat. Consumed eggs hatch into oncospheres, penetrate the intestinal walls and are transported via the bloodstream to later develop into metacestodes within the muscles and internal organs of secondary and sometimes primary hosts, thereby initiating the cycle again...
March 2016: Parasite Immunology
Bharati Hiremath, Narayana Subramaniam, Manobhiram Boggavarapu
Hydatid disease, caused by the cystic stage of Echinococcus granulosus, most commonly involves the liver (59-75%) and lung (27%), and rarely involves the kidney (3%), bone (1-4%) and brain (1-2%). Even rarer sites include the heart and spleen, and skeletal muscle, with virtually no site being immune. The pancreas is an exceedingly rare site for primary disease (without concomitant involvement of the liver or peritoneum), with less than 20 reported cases in the literature. This case report describes a 48-year-old woman presenting with a solitary cystic lesion arising from the neck of the pancreas, which was ultimately determined to be a hydatid cyst on histopathological examination...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
Zohreh Andalib Aliabady, Fariba Berenji, Mahmoud Reza Jamshidi
Hydatid cyst is an important endemic zoonosis in Iran. It may be seen in various organs of body. Musculoskeletal system is rarely involved by hydatid cyst, the larval form of Echinococcus granulosus. On clinical basis, it may resemble any soft tissue tumor. A 70-years old housewife living in Ardoghesh, a village in Neyshabur, northeast Iran, was admitted to general surgery clinic because of a painless mass in the back of her left thigh. This case emphasizes that hydatidosis should be included in differential diagnosis of any soft tissue mass especially in regions where hydatidosis is endemic...
January 2015: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
K A Bothale, H Kolhe, S D Mahore, A R Wilkinson
Hydatidosis is a parasitic infestation caused by larval form of the tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus. Primary hydatid cyst in the skeletal muscles and subcutaneous tissue of thigh without involving thoracic and abdominal organs is an exceptional entity, even in countries where the Echinococcus infestation is endemic. We report an unusual case of primary hydatid cyst of thigh in proximity to skeletal muscles. This case illustrates that echinococcal disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of every subcutaneous cystic mass...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Özgür Çiçekli, Turgut Akgül
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal hydatid disease is a rare pathology and its diagnosis is often delayed because of slowly growing mass without inflammation. It is critical to suspicious clinical diagnosis in rural endemic areas and for preoperative diagnosis of this disease. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a 9-year-old boy referred with mass located on the anterolateral part of distal thigh. Diagnosis was verified with MRI histopathologically for the presence of hydatid cyst located in vastus lateralis muscle...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Frits Franssen, Gunita Deksne, Zanda Esíte, Arie Havelaar, Arno Swart, Joke van der Giessen
Freezing of fox carcasses to minimize professional hazard of infection with Echinococcus multilocularis is recommended in endemic areas, but this could influence the detection of Trichinella larvae in the same host species. A method based on artificial digestion of frozen fox muscle, combined with larva isolation by a sequential sieving method (SSM), was validated using naturally infected foxes from Latvia. The validated SSM was used to detect dead Trichinella muscle larvae (ML) in frozen muscle samples of 369 red foxes from the Netherlands, of which one fox was positive (0...
2014: Veterinary Research
Serkan Sipahioğlu, Sezen Koçarslan, Sinan Zehir
Hydatid cyst is a zoonotic infection most frequently caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Humans can be intermediate hosts in the hydatic cyst infection. In humans, the most common location sites for hydatic cysts are the liver followed by the lungs. Primary muscle involvement located in the skeletal muscle is very rare. In this article, we present a 24-year-old male patient with primary hydatic cyst located in the medial thigh. A multilocular cystic mass was detected in the magnetic resonance imaging taken with a pre-diagnosis of soft tissue mass...
2014: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
Z Valieva, N Sarsembaeva, A Valdovska, A E Ussenbayev
A survey of 2,123 slaughtered adult sheep in markets of the south-east Kazakhstan established that the average contamination of animals by Echinococcus granulosus is 9.1% with primary localization of cysts in livers and lungs. The histologic structure of the muscle tissue of infected sheep displayed destructive changes with a prevalence of granular dystrophy. The amount of protein, fat, calcium and energetical value of such meat considerably decreased. Besides in the muscle tissue of the animals infected with echinococcosis there was a substantial increase of humidity and amount of ash as well as qualitative and quantitative changes of the amino acids profile...
March 2014: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
S Sachar, S Goyal, S Goyal, S Sangwan
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease (HD) is an ancient disease and even was known to Hippocrates. This disease involves all human parts and most common affected organs are liver and lungs. Incidence of unusual site is about 8-10%. The clinical picture depends upon the involved organs, its effects on adjacent structures, complications due to secondary infection, rupture, and anaphylaxis caused by hydatid cysts. AIM: The aim of this study was to find out incidence of unusual location of hydatid cyst in the human body...
May 2014: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Ahmet Okuş, Barış Sevinç, Serden Ay, Ömer Karahan, Mehmet Ali Eryılmaz, Cemil Er
OBJECTIVE: Hydatic cyst is a parasitic disease caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. In the study, the aim is to evaluate the relation between serology and grow-up time in atypically localized cysts. METHODS: Retrospectively, all the patients with hydatic disease between December 2004 and May 2012 were screened from the hospital database. Hydatic cyst localization other than the liver and lungs were accepted as atypical localization. RESULTS: There were 325 patients with a diagnosis of hydatic disease...
2013: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Irfan Eser, Hamza Karabag, Samil Gunay, Ahmet Seker, Muazzez Cevik, Zafer Hasan Ali Sak, Funda Yalcin, Mehmet Salih Aydin
INTRODUCTION: Hydatid cyst is a parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus whose people is the intermediate host. Although this parasite can settle in any part of the human body, it is frequently seen in liver and lungs. The rate of unusual located hydatid cyst outside of liver and lungs is 13,9%. In this study, we aimed presenting unusual located hydatic cysts regarding 51 patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In this retrospective study, the files of the patients operated in our department between 2005 and 2012 with the diagnosis of hydatid cyst, characterized be an additional location besides liver and lung involvement and located outside of liver and lung were controlled...
January 2014: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Bahattin Kerem Aydin, Mehmet Ali Acar, Sua Sumer, Nazlim Aktug Demir, Omer Faruk Erkocak, Onur Ural
Primary hydatid cyst of the skeletal muscle is very rare and accounts for less than 1% of all cases. It is often asymptomatic and can pose diagnostic problems. Accurate diagnosis should be made using ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. Proper treatment should be a wide surgical resection of the localized muscle with the aid of antihelmintic chemotherapy pre- and postoperatively. We report a case of primary hydatic cyst located simultaneously in both the biceps brachii and brachialis muscles, treated with wide resection surgery and pre- and postoperative anthelmintic chemotherapy...
January 2014: Tropical Doctor
Saswata Bharati, Mrityunjay Pal
Cystic echinococcosis, which is caused by the larval stages of Echinococcus granulosus, results from the presence of one or more massive cysts or hydatids, and can involve any organ, including the liver, lungs, heart, brain, kidneys, and long bones. Muscle hydatidosis is usually secondary in nature, resulting from spread of larval tissue from a primary site after spontaneous or trauma-induced cyst rupture or after release of viable parasite material during invasive treatment procedures. Primary muscle hydatidosis is extremely uncommon, because implantation at this site would require passage through the filters of the liver and lung...
January 2012: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
Z Széll, G Marucci, E Pozio, T Sréter
Over the last decades the distribution area of the golden jackal (Canis aureus) has increased significantly in Europe, particularly in the Balkan Peninsula and in Central Europe. Vagrant individuals were described in many European countries. Herein, we report Echinococcus multilocularis (total worm count: 412) and Trichinella spiralis (101 larvae/g for muscles of the lower forelimb) infections in two golden jackals shot in Hungary. It is a new host record of E. multilocularis and T. spiralis in Europe and Hungary, respectively...
October 18, 2013: Veterinary Parasitology
Uriel Koziol, Georg Krohne, Klaus Brehm
BACKGROUND: The metacestode larva of Echinococcus multilocularis (Cestoda: Taeniidae) develops in the liver of intermediate hosts (typically rodents, or accidentally in humans) as a labyrinth of interconnected cysts that infiltrate the host tissue, causing the disease alveolar echinococcosis. Within the cysts, protoscoleces (the infective stage for the definitive canid host) arise by asexual multiplication. These consist of a scolex similar to that of the adult, invaginated within a small posterior body...
2013: Frontiers in Zoology
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