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muscle echinococcus

Ayesha Mughal, Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Anisuddin Bhatti, Farooq Ahmed Moghul, Muhammad Muzzammil Sangani, Kashif Mehmood Khan, Afaq Alam, Mukesh Kumar, Amna Mughal
Hydatid disease is helminthic infection caused by tape worm echinococcus granulosis. It commonly involves liver (65-75%) and the lungs (25 to 30%). Involvement of bones and skeletal muscle is very rare, i.e. 3 to 5%. This is the report of a 21-year girl, city resident, presented with mass involving left proximal thigh. The mass was painless and had gradually increased in size over three years. MRI revealed solid cum cystic lesion in vastus medialis muscle. Tru-Cut needle biopsy of the lesion revealed necrotic material...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Daniela Antolová, Monika Halánová, Martin Janičko, Peter Jarčuška, Katarína Reiterová, Júlia Jarošová, Andrea Madarasová Gecková, Daniel Pella, Sylvia Dražilová
Trichinellosis and cystic and alveolar echinococcosis are serious parasitic diseases transmissible between animals and humans. Moreover, alveolar echinococcosis is considered one of the most dangerous of human helminthoses. Roma communities are particularly numerous in Central and Eastern Europe. They are often concentrated in economically undeveloped regions and live in segregated localities with unsatisfactory housing and sanitary conditions. The study aimed to find out the seroprevalence of Trichinella and Echinococcus infections in the Roma population of segregated settlements and to compare it with the seropositivity of the non-Roma population of eastern Slovakia...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Giuseppe Cicero, Alfredo Blandino, Giorgio Ascenti, Tommaso D'Angelo, Luciano Frosina, Carmela Visalli, Ignazio Salamone, Maria Adele Marino, Marco Cavallaro, Silvio Mazziotti
Cystic echinococcosis (CE), also known as "hydatid disease" (HD), is a zoonotic infection caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus , which infects humans as intermediate hosts through the orofecal route. Carried by the intestinal venous blood, the embryos released by the eggs of the tapeworms can reach every organ, especially the liver, turning into a hydatid cyst. Usually asymptomatic, the cysts can be incidentally detected through radiological examinations performed for other reasons...
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
Aida Vafae Eslahi, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Iraj Mobedi, Meysam Sharifdini, Milad Badri, Gholamreza Mowlavi
BACKGROUND: Carnivore carcasses on the roads can be regarded as study materials in parasitology and eco-epidemiology. Stray carnivores such as dogs and cats are known to harbor so many different pathogens like zoonotic helminthes. The current investigation, apparent the status of the helminthic parasites found in road killed carnivores from different parts of Guilan Province north of Iran. METHODS: Fifty road killed carnivores including 27 stray dogs (Canis familiaris), 11 golden jackals (Canis aureus) and 12 stray cats (Felis catus) were collected from 21 locations of Guilan Province, during Apr to Nov 2015...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Srihari Sridharan, G S Jagan Narayana, Kalyanasundarabharathi Chidambaram, Anand Prasath Jayachandiran
The zoonotic infection hydatidosis is caused by the tapeworm cestode, Echinococcus granulosus. Though considered endemic in India where association of humans with sheep and dogs form part of the livelihood, primary skeletal muscle involvement of the disease is an extremely rare event. We report a case of primary paraspinal hydatidosis with extradural extension causing acute paraplegia. Excision of the cyst and decompression of the cord was done along with albendazole therapy. Paraspinal hydatid disease is a rare entity, and in regions where hydatid disease is endemic, it can be involved in the differential diagnosis of acute compressive myelopathy...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Mona Agnihotri, Naina Goel, Asha Shenoy, Survendra Rai, Atul Goel
Hydatid disease or hydatidosis is the most widespread zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Liver and lungs are the most common sites. Bone involvement is rare and reported in 0.5%-4% with spinal involvement reported in 50% of these cases. We present a case of spinal hydatidosis in a 35-year-old male presenting with lower extremity weakness and numbness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine showed multiple cystic lesions at the T9-T11 level with involvement of the paraspinal muscles. The lesion was seen intraspinal, intradural, intramedullary, and epidural...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Sanjeev Attry, Raghavendra Nayak, S K Saha, S N Ghosh
Hydatid diseases is a parasitic infestation of human and herbivorous animals caused by a cestode, Echinococcus granulosus, which resides in the intestine of definitive hosts like dogs and some wild carnivores like foxes. Liver and lung are commonly involved organs and involvement of muscles and bones is very unusual. Hydatid cyst of the temporalis muscle is extremely rare, even in the countries where echinococcal infestation is endemic. We report a case of 23-year-old female patient with a cystic swelling in the right temporalis muscle which turned out to be hydatid cysts...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Hazem Aljasem, Mohammad Almess, Monzer Bakgagi
INTRODUCTION: Hydatidosis is a unique disease caused by a tapeworm called Echinococcus granulosus. Musculoskeletal involvement with hydatid cystic disease accounts for less than 5% of all cases. The main purpose of this study is to present a case of multi-sited hydatid cystic disease and how to manage it. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present a case of 14-year-old girl complained of a gradually enlarging mass on her left shoulder with a final diagnosis of triple-sited hydatid cystic disease including the right lung, the left trapezius muscle and the liver...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Emrah Erdoğan, Bora Özkan, Fatih Mutlu, Serkan Karaca, İzzet Şahin
Echinococcus granulosus is a parasite that can be seen throughout the world. So far, five species of genus Echinococcus have been identified as parasite in people: E.granulosus, E.multilocularis, E.vogeli, E.oligarthrus, E.shiquicus. Larval (metacestod) form of parasite settles in internal organs of hoofed animals (cattle, goats, pigs, horses, sheep, etc.) and human; the adult form is found in small intestine of final host, canine. Disease caused by parasite called as "Cystic echinococcosis" (CE) is an important health problem and causes economic losses in many countries including our country that livestock is common...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Jürgen Krücken, Julia Blümke, Denny Maaz, Janina Demeler, Sabrina Ramünke, Daniela Antolová, Roland Schaper, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna
Rodents are important intermediate and paratenic hosts for carnivore parasites, including the important zoonotic agents Toxoplasma, Echinococcus and Toxocara. Monitoring of such parasites in rodents can be used to detect increasing risks for human and veterinary public health. Rodents were trapped at four sites in Berlin, two near the city center, two at the periphery. PCRs were conducted to detect Coccidia (target ITS-1) and specifically Toxoplasma gondii (repetitive element) in brain and ascarids (ITS-2) in muscle or brain tissue...
2017: PloS One
Nihat Aksakal, Metin Kement, Nuri Okkabaz, Yunus Emre Altuntaş, Mustafa Öncel
The hydatid disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus is an endemic parasitic disease affecting several Mediterranean countries. Echinococcal cysts are mostly located in the liver and the lung, but the disease can be detected anywhere in the body. In this study, we present uncommon extrahepatic localizations of primary hydatid disease. Patients who were operated on for hydatid disease or cystic lesions, which were later diagnosed as hydatid disease, between 2004 and 2010 were retrieved retrospectively. Patients with lesions localized outside the liver and the lung were enrolled in the study...
2016: Ulusal Cerrahi Dergisi
Zhaoqun Liu, Zhi Zhou, Lingling Wang, Wenjing Dong, Limei Qiu, Linsheng Song
Muscarinic receptors, which selectively take muscarine as their ligand, are critical for the immunological and physiological processes in animals. In the present study, the open region frame (ORF) of a homologue of muscarinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor (mAChR) was amplified from oyster Crassostrea gigas (named as CgmAChR-1), whose full length was 1983 bp and the protein it encoded contained 660 amino acids with a seven transmembrane region. Phylogeny analysis suggested that CgmAChR-1 shared homology with M5 muscarinic receptor found in invertebrates including Habropoda laboriosa, Acromyrmex echinatior and Echinococcus granulosus...
December 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Soykan Barlas, Arzu Akan, Yavuz Eryavuz, Refik Bademci, Giray Yavuz, Sedat Kamali, Gülçin Kamali
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation of humans and herbivorous animals, caused by Echinococcus granulosus. A 55-year-old woman had no prior surgery for hydatid disease earlier. Total cystopericystectomy was performed without cyst rupture. Albendazole was given postoperatively. Neither systemic or local complications nor recurrences were found after minimum follow-up of 12 months, and the laboratory test results were within the normal ranges. Since primer muscular hydatidosis is a very rare disease, care should be taken in diagnosis of cystic mass of skeletal muscle, especially in endemic areas...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Imran Hasanoglu, Mahmut Nedim Aytekin, Yetkin Agackiran, Mahmut Ugurlu, Rahmet Guner, Nihat Tosun
Hydatid cyst is one of the five most diagnosed zoonotic diseases in the Mediterranean region. However, intramuscular localisation is very rare. It is reported that muscular involvement constitutes 1-5.4% of all Echinococcus infections. Here we would like to report an unusual case of hydatid cyst in the gluteus muscle, which had been treated with both surgical and medical treatment.
January 2017: Tropical Doctor
Uriel Koziol, Francesca Jarero, Peter D Olson, Klaus Brehm
BACKGROUND: Early developmental patterns of flatworms are extremely diverse and difficult to compare between distant groups. In parasitic flatworms, such as tapeworms, this is confounded by highly derived life cycles involving indirect development, and even the true orientation of the tapeworm antero-posterior (AP) axis has been a matter of controversy. In planarians, and metazoans generally, the AP axis is specified by the canonical Wnt pathway, and we hypothesized that it could also underpin axial formation during larval metamorphosis in tapeworms...
March 4, 2016: BMC Biology
A N Peón, Y Ledesma-Soto, L I Terrazas
Taeniidae is the largest family of the Cyclophyllidea order of parasites despite being composed of just two genera: Taenia spp and Echinococcus spp. These parasites are flatworms with a terrestrial life cycle, having an immature or larval stage called metacestode, which develops into the mature form within the intestine of the primary host after being consumed in raw or poorly cooked meat. Consumed eggs hatch into oncospheres, penetrate the intestinal walls and are transported via the bloodstream to later develop into metacestodes within the muscles and internal organs of secondary and sometimes primary hosts, thereby initiating the cycle again...
March 2016: Parasite Immunology
Bharati Hiremath, Narayana Subramaniam, Manobhiram Boggavarapu
Hydatid disease, caused by the cystic stage of Echinococcus granulosus, most commonly involves the liver (59-75%) and lung (27%), and rarely involves the kidney (3%), bone (1-4%) and brain (1-2%). Even rarer sites include the heart and spleen, and skeletal muscle, with virtually no site being immune. The pancreas is an exceedingly rare site for primary disease (without concomitant involvement of the liver or peritoneum), with less than 20 reported cases in the literature. This case report describes a 48-year-old woman presenting with a solitary cystic lesion arising from the neck of the pancreas, which was ultimately determined to be a hydatid cyst on histopathological examination...
September 2, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Zohreh Andalib Aliabady, Fariba Berenji, Mahmoud Reza Jamshidi
Hydatid cyst is an important endemic zoonosis in Iran. It may be seen in various organs of body. Musculoskeletal system is rarely involved by hydatid cyst, the larval form of Echinococcus granulosus. On clinical basis, it may resemble any soft tissue tumor. A 70-years old housewife living in Ardoghesh, a village in Neyshabur, northeast Iran, was admitted to general surgery clinic because of a painless mass in the back of her left thigh. This case emphasizes that hydatidosis should be included in differential diagnosis of any soft tissue mass especially in regions where hydatidosis is endemic...
January 2015: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
K A Bothale, H Kolhe, S D Mahore, A R Wilkinson
Hydatidosis is a parasitic infestation caused by larval form of the tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus. Primary hydatid cyst in the skeletal muscles and subcutaneous tissue of thigh without involving thoracic and abdominal organs is an exceptional entity, even in countries where the Echinococcus infestation is endemic. We report an unusual case of primary hydatid cyst of thigh in proximity to skeletal muscles. This case illustrates that echinococcal disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of every subcutaneous cystic mass...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Özgür Çiçekli, Turgut Akgül
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal hydatid disease is a rare pathology and its diagnosis is often delayed because of slowly growing mass without inflammation. It is critical to suspicious clinical diagnosis in rural endemic areas and for preoperative diagnosis of this disease. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a 9-year-old boy referred with mass located on the anterolateral part of distal thigh. Diagnosis was verified with MRI histopathologically for the presence of hydatid cyst located in vastus lateralis muscle...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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