keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biomedical chemistry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645199/do-neurobiological-understandings-of-smoking-influence-quitting-self-efficacy-or-treatment-intentions
#1
Kylie Morphett, Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, Jayne Lucke, Brad Partridge, Coral Gartner
Introduction: Addiction is increasingly defined as a "brain disease" caused by changes to neurochemistry. While nicotine addiction has historically been excluded in the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA), it is beginning to be labelled a chronic brain disease. We investigated whether Australian smokers endorse brain-based explanations of smoking, and whether these beliefs are associated with quitting self-efficacy or treatment intentions. Method: Cross-sectional study of Australian smokers (N=1,538) who completed a survey measuring their agreement with statements on the brain's role in smoking...
June 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643149/surface-modification-minimizes-the-toxicity-of-silver-nanoparticles-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#2
Balaram Das, Satyajit Tripathy, Jaydeep Adhikary, Sourav Chattopadhyay, Debasis Mandal, Sandeep Kumar Dash, Sabyasachi Das, Aditi Dey, Sankar Kumar Dey, Debasis Das, Somenath Roy
Currently toxicological research in Silver nanoparticle is a leading issue in medical science. The surface chemistry and physical dimensions of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) play an important role in toxicity. The aim of this present study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo toxicity of Ag-NPs as well as the alteration of toxicity profile due to surface functionalization (PEG and BSA) and the intracellular signaling pathways involved in nanoparticles mediated oxidative stress and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo system...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637351/tuning-surface-chemistry-of-polyetheretherketone-by-gold-coating-and-plasma-treatment
#3
Zdeňka Novotná, Silvie Rimpelová, Petr Juřík, Martin Veselý, Zdeňka Kolská, Tomáš Hubáček, Jakub Borovec, Václav Švorčík
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has good chemical and biomechanical properties that are excellent for biomedical applications. However, PEEK exhibits hydrophobic and other surface characteristics which cause limited cell adhesion. We have investigated the potential of Ar plasma treatment for the formation of a nanostructured PEEK surface in order to enhance cell adhesion. The specific aim of this study was to reveal the effect of the interface of plasma-treated and gold-coated PEEK matrices on adhesion and spreading of mouse embryonic fibroblasts...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618993/new-perspectives-on-biomedical-applications-of-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#4
Massimiliano Magro, Davide Baratella, Emanuela Bonaiuto, Jessica de Almeida Roger, Fabio Vianello
Iron oxide nanomaterials are considered promising tools for improved therapeutic efficacy and diagnostic applications in biomedicine. Accordingly, engineered iron oxide nanomaterials are increasingly proposed in biomedicine, and the interdisciplinary researches involving physics, chemistry, biology (nanotechnology) and medicine have led to exciting developments in the last decades. The progresses of the development of magnetic nanoparticles with tailored physico-chemical and surface properties produced a variety of clinically relevant applications, spanning from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), drug delivery, magnetic hyperthermia, to in vitro diagnostics...
June 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603606/synthesis-and-properties-of-magnetic-optical-core-shell-nanoparticles
#5
Elyahb Allie Kwizera, Elise Chaffin, Yongmei Wang, Xiaohua Huang
Due to their high integrity, facile surface chemistry, excellent stability, and dual properties from the core and shell materials, magnetic-plasmonic core-shell nanoparticles are of great interest across a number of science, engineering and biomedical disciplines. They are promising for applications in a broad range of areas including catalysis, energy conversion, biological separation, medical imaging, disease detection and treatment. The technological applications have driven the need for high quality nanoparticles with well controlled magnetic and optical properties...
March 19, 2017: RSC Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598597/azapeptide-synthesis-methods-for-expanding-side-chain-diversity-for-biomedical-applications
#6
Ramesh Chingle, Caroline Proulx, William D Lubell
Mimicry of bioactive conformations is critical for peptide-based medicinal chemistry because such peptidomimetics may augment stability, enhance affinity, and increase specificity. Azapeptides are peptidomimetics in which the α-carbon(s) of one or more amino acid residues are substituted by nitrogen. The resulting semicarbazide analogues have been shown to reinforce β-turn conformation through the combination of lone pair-lone pair repulsion of the adjacent hydrazine nitrogen and urea planarity. Substitution of a semicarbazide for an amino amide residue in a peptide may retain biological activity and add benefits such as improved metabolic stability...
June 9, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597608/advanced-photoacoustic-imaging-applications-of-near-infrared-absorbing-organic-nanoparticles
#7
REVIEW
Yuyan Jiang, Kanyi Pu
Progress of nanotechnology in recent years has stimulated fast development of nanoparticles in biomedical research. Photoacoustic (PA) imaging as an emerging non-invasive technique in molecular imaging has improved imaging depth relative to conventional optical imaging, demonstrating great potential in clinical applications. The convergence of nanotechnology and PA imaging has enabled a broad spectrum of new opportunities in fundamental biology and translation medicine. This review focuses on the recent advances of organic nanoparticles in PA imaging applications...
June 8, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596987/biodegradable-polyphosphazene-based-blends-for-regenerative-engineering
#8
Kenneth S Ogueri, Jorge L Escobar Ivirico, Lakshmi S Nair, Harry R Allcock, Cato T Laurencin
The occurrence of musculoskeletal tissue injury or disease and the subsequent functional impairment is at an alarming rate. It continues to be one of the most challenging problems in the human health care. Regenerative engineering offers a promising transdisciplinary strategy for tissues regeneration based on the convergence of tissue engineering, advanced materials science, stem cell science, developmental biology and clinical translation. Biomaterials are emerging as extracellular-mimicking matrices designed to provide instructive cues to control cell behavior and ultimately, be applied as therapies to regenerate damaged tissues...
March 2017: Regenerative Engineering and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581735/covalent-capture-of-aligned-self-assembling-nanofibers
#9
I-Che Li, Jeffrey D Hartgerink
A great deal of effort has been invested in the design and characterization of systems which spontaneously assemble into nanofibers. These systems are interesting for their fundamental supramolecular chemistry and have also been shown to be promising materials, particularly for biomedical applications. Multidomain peptides are one such assembler, and in previous work we have demonstrated the reversibility of their assembly under mild and easily controlled conditions, along with their utility for time-controlled drug delivery, protein delivery, cell encapsulation, and cell delivery applications...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578943/efficient-synthesis-of-secondary-amines-by-reductive-amination-of-curdlan-staudinger-ylides
#10
Ruoran Zhang, Shu Liu, Kevin J Edgar
Staudinger-related reactions between azides and phosphines are important in organic chemistry due to their chemoselectivity, high efficiency, and mild reaction conditions. Staudinger reduction of azides affords highly reactive iminophosphorane ylides; the reactivity of the negatively charged ylide nitrogen atom has not previously been fully explored in polysaccharide chemistry. Curdlan, a natural, biocompatible, and bioactive β-1,3-glucan with low toxicity, has remarkable potential in biomedical and pharmaceutical applications...
September 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578271/a-gold-nanoparticle-coated-porcine-cholecyst-derived-bioscaffold-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#11
Reshma S Nair, Jimna Mohamed Ameer, Malcolm R Alison, Thapasimuthu V Anilkumar
Extracellular matrices of xenogeneic origin have been extensively used for biomedical applications, despite the possibility of heterogeneity in structure. Surface modification of biologically derived biomaterials using nanoparticles is an emerging strategy for improving topographical homogeneity when employing these scaffolds for sophisticated tissue engineering applications. Recently, as a tissue engineering scaffold, cholecyst derived extracellular matrix (C-ECM) has been shown to have several advantages over extracellular matrices derived from other organs such as jejunum and urinary bladder...
May 26, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573212/bio-orthogonal-mediated-nucleic-acid-transfection-of-cells-via-cell-surface-engineering
#12
Paul J O'Brien, Sina Elahipanah, Dmitry Rogozhnikov, Muhammad N Yousaf
The efficient delivery of foreign nucleic acids (transfection) into cells is a critical tool for fundamental biomedical research and a pillar of several biotechnology industries. There are currently three main strategies for transfection including reagent, instrument, and viral based methods. Each technology has significantly advanced cell transfection; however, reagent based methods have captured the majority of the transfection market due to their relatively low cost and ease of use. This general method relies on the efficient packaging of a reagent with nucleic acids to form a stable complex that is subsequently associated and delivered to cells via nonspecific electrostatic targeting...
May 24, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533376/b12-dependent-photoresponsive-protein-hydrogels-for-controlled-stem-cell-protein-release
#13
Ri Wang, Zhongguang Yang, Jiren Luo, I-Ming Hsing, Fei Sun
Thanks to the precise control over their structural and functional properties, genetically engineered protein-based hydrogels have emerged as a promising candidate for biomedical applications. Given the growing demand for creating stimuli-responsive "smart" hydrogels, here we show the synthesis of entirely protein-based photoresponsive hydrogels by covalently polymerizing the adenosylcobalamin (AdoB12)-dependent photoreceptor C-terminal adenosylcobalamin binding domain (CarHC) proteins using genetically encoded SpyTag-SpyCatcher chemistry under mild physiological conditions...
June 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532078/enhancement-of-fibroblast-growing-on-the-mannosylated-surface-of-cellulose-membranes
#14
Simone Birkheur, Paula Cristina de Sousa Faria-Tischer, Cesar A Tischer, Elisângela Flávia Pimentel, Marcio Fronza, Denise Coutinho Endringer, Anna Paola Butera, Renato Márcio Ribeiro-Viana
Bacterial cellulose membrane is a biomaterial with high value in the biomedical field. Many groups have been making efforts to promote chemical modifications of its structure and, consequently, add new characteristics. Recently, our group has developed a methodology to insert monoester succinic acid in bacterial cellulose membrane without disrupting the microfibril network and bind a protein on it. Considering the role of carbohydrates in the molecular recognition process in biological events, we continued these studies by inserting covalently multiples copies of aryl monosaccharide to bacterial cellulose succinylated and to study the in vitro tissue compatibility using fibroblasts...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531195/livestock-metabolomics-and-the-livestock-metabolome-a-systematic-review
#15
Seyed Ali Goldansaz, An Chi Guo, Tanvir Sajed, Michael A Steele, Graham S Plastow, David S Wishart
Metabolomics uses advanced analytical chemistry techniques to comprehensively measure large numbers of small molecule metabolites in cells, tissues and biofluids. The ability to rapidly detect and quantify hundreds or even thousands of metabolites within a single sample is helping scientists paint a far more complete picture of system-wide metabolism and biology. Metabolomics is also allowing researchers to focus on measuring the end-products of complex, hard-to-decipher genetic, epigenetic and environmental interactions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521100/single-step-synthesis-of-small-azide-functionalized-gold-nanoparticles-versatile-water-dispersible-reagents-for-click-chemistry
#16
Edward W Elliott, Aurora L Ginzburg, Zachary C Kennedy, Zhenshuo Feng, James E Hutchison
Nanoparticles possessing functional groups that can be readily conjugated (e.g., through click chemistry) are important precursors for the preparation of customized nanohybrid products. Such nanoparticles, if they are stable against agglomeration, are easily dispersible and have well-defined surface chemistry and size. As click-ready reagents, they can be stored until their time of use and then simply dispersed and reacted with an appropriate substrate. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are excellent candidates for this purpose, and some clickable gold nanoparticles have been developed; however, AuNPs for use in aqueous systems are often prepared through difficult multistep processes and/or can be poorly dispersible in water...
June 1, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520407/controlling-configurational-isomerism-in-three-component-colloidal-hybrid-nanoparticles
#17
James M Hodges, Raymond E Schaak
Colloidal hybrid nanoparticles are solution-dispersible constructs that join together multiple distinct nanoscale materials through direct solid-solid interfaces. Given their multifunctionality and synergistic properties that emerge from interfacial coupling, hybrid nanoparticles are of interest for applications in biomedical imaging, solar energy conversion, heterogeneous catalysis, nanophotonics, and beyond. High-order hybrid nanoparticles, which incorporate three or more nanocrystal domains, offer greater tunability and functional diversity relative to one or two-component nanoparticles...
May 18, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505596/engineered-hydrogels-increase-the-post-transplantation-survival-of-encapsulated-hesc-derived-midbrain-dopaminergic-neurons
#18
Maroof M Adil, Tandis Vazin, Badriprasad Ananthanarayanan, Gonçalo M C Rodrigues, Antara T Rao, Rishikesh U Kulkarni, Evan W Miller, Sanjay Kumar, David V Schaffer
Cell replacement therapies have broad biomedical potential; however, low cell survival and poor functional integration post-transplantation are major hurdles that hamper clinical benefit. For example, following striatal transplantation of midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neurons for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD), only 1-5% of the neurons typically survive in preclinical models and in clinical trials. In general, resource-intensive generation and implantation of larger numbers of cells are used to compensate for the low post-transplantation cell-survival...
May 5, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497789/underwater-leidenfrost-nanochemistry-for-creation-of-size-tailored-zinc-peroxide-cancer-nanotherapeutics
#19
Mady Elbahri, Ramzy Abdelaziz, Duygu Disci-Zayed, Shahin Homaeigohar, Justyna Sosna, Dieter Adam, Lorenz Kienle, Torben Dankwort, Moheb Abdelaziz
The dynamic underwater chemistry seen in nature is inspiring for the next generation of eco-friendly nanochemistry. In this context, green synthesis of size-tailored nanoparticles in a facile and scalable manner via a dynamic process is an interesting challenge. Simulating the volcano-induced dynamic chemistry of the deep ocean, here we demonstrate the Leidenfrost dynamic chemistry occurring in an underwater overheated confined zone as a new tool for customized creation of nanoclusters of zinc peroxide. The hydrodynamic nature of the phenomenon ensures eruption of the nanoclusters towards a much colder region, giving rise to growth of monodisperse, size-tailored nanoclusters...
May 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496523/probing-the-causes-of-thermal-hysteresis-using-tunable-nagg-micelles-with-linear-and-brush-like-thermoresponsive-coronas
#20
L D Blackman, M I Gibson, R K O'Reilly
Self-assembled thermoresponsive polymers in aqueous solution have great potential as smart, switchable materials for use in biomedical applications. In recent years, attention has turned to the reversibility of these polymers' thermal transitions, which has led to debate over what factors influence discrepancies in the transition temperature when heating the system compared to the temperature obtained when cooling the system, known as the thermal hysteresis. Herein, we synthesize micelles with tunable aggregation numbers (Nagg) whose cores contain poly(n-butyl acrylate-co-N,N-dimethylacrylamide) (p(nBA-co-DMA)) and four different thermoresponsive corona blocks, namely poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM), poly(N,N-diethylacrylamide) (pDEAm), poly(diethylene glycol monomethyl ether methacrylate) (pDEGMA) and poly(oligo(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether methacrylate) (pOEGMA)...
January 1, 2017: Polymer Chemistry
keyword
keyword
35118
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"