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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587304/vocal-emotion-identification-by-children-using-cochlear-implants-relations-to-voice-quality-and-musical-interests
#1
Teija Waaramaa, Tarja Kukkonen, Sari Mykkänen, Ahmed Geneid
Purpose: Listening tests for emotion identification were conducted with 8-17-year-old children with hearing impairment (HI; N = 25) using cochlear implants, and their 12-year-old peers with normal hearing (N = 18). The study examined the impact of musical interests and acoustics of the stimuli on correct emotion identification. Method: The children completed a questionnaire with their background information and noting musical interests. They then listened to vocal stimuli produced by actors (N = 5) and consisting of nonsense sentences and prolonged vowels ([a:], [i:], and [u:]; N = 32) expressing excitement, anger, contentment, and fear...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551638/an-oxidation-resistant-recombinant-alpha-1-antitrypsin-produced-in-nicotiana-benthamiana
#2
David Z Silberstein, Kalimuthu Karuppanan, Hnin Hnin Aung, Ching-Hsien Chen, Carroll E Cross, Karen A McDonald
Proteases and reactive oxygen species (ROS) have long been implicated in playing key roles in host tissue injury at sites of inflammatory processes dominated by macrophage activations and/or neutrophil infiltrations. Imbalances between proteases/antiproteases and ROS/antioxidants are recognized to contribute to amplification of inflammatory-based host tissue injury. This has been especially well-documented in such respiratory tract diseases as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, and acute respiratory distress syndrome...
March 15, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497744/speech-adaptation-to-kinematic-recording-sensors-perceptual-and-acoustic-findings
#3
Christopher Dromey, Elise Hunter, Shawn L Nissen
Purpose: This study used perceptual and acoustic measures to examine the time course of speech adaptation after the attachment of electromagnetic sensor coils to the tongue, lips, and jaw. Method: Twenty native English speakers read aloud stimulus sentences before the attachment of the sensors, immediately after attachment, and again 5, 10, 15, and 20 min later. They read aloud continuously between recordings to encourage adaptation. Sentence recordings were perceptually evaluated by 20 native English listeners, who rated 150 stimuli (which included 31 samples that were repeated to assess rater reliability) using a visual analog scale with the end points labeled as "precise" and "imprecise...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493644/-telemonitoring-of-swallowing-function-technologies-in-speech-therapy-practice
#4
Angela Tedesco, Valentina Lavermicocca, Marilina Notarnicola, Luca De Francesco, Anna Rita Dellomonaco
The process of medical-healthcare technological revolution represents an advantage for the patient and for the care provider, in terms of costs and distances reduction. The telehomecare approach could be useful for monitoring the swallowing disorder in neurodegenerative diseases, preventing complications. In this study the applicability of telemedicine techniques for the monitoring of swallowing function, in patients affected by Huntington's disease (HD), was evaluated through the acquisition and analysis of the sound of swallowing...
February 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451669/prosodic-parameters-of-reading-in-2nd-to-5th-grade-students
#5
Letícia Corrêa Celeste, Edlaine Souza Pereira, Naira Rúbia Rodrigues Pereira, Luciana Mendonça Alves
Purpose Characterize and compare melodic variation and reading speed and verify their evolution throughout the development of schooling. Methods The reading of 78 Elementary School (2nd to 5th grade) students was analyzed using the Praat program with regards to the parameters of melodic variation (F0) and reading speed (Duration). Statistical measures (mean and standard deviation) were taken and the Student´s t-test was applied at significance level of 5%. Results Melodic variation and reading speed increased as schooling progressed, especially during 5th grade...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386450/-approach-to-the-development-of-mind-and-persona
#6
Toshiko Sawaguchi
OBJECTIVES: To access medical specialists by health specialists working in the regional health field, the possibility of utilizing the voice approach for dissociative identity disorder (DID) patients as a health assessment for medical access (HAMA) was investigated. The first step is to investigate whether the plural personae in a single DID patient can be discriminated by voice analysis. METHODS: Voices of DID patients including these with different personae were extracted from YouTube and were analysed using the software PRAAT with basic frequency, oral factors, chin factors and tongue factors...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380301/aligntool-the-automatic-temporal-alignment-of-spoken-utterances-in-german-dutch-and-british-english-for-psycholinguistic-purposes
#7
Lars Schillingmann, Jessica Ernst, Verena Keite, Britta Wrede, Antje S Meyer, Eva Belke
In language production research, the latency with which speakers produce a spoken response to a stimulus and the onset and offset times of words in longer utterances are key dependent variables. Measuring these variables automatically often yields partially incorrect results. However, exact measurements through the visual inspection of the recordings are extremely time-consuming. We present AlignTool, an open-source alignment tool that establishes preliminarily the onset and offset times of words and phonemes in spoken utterances using Praat, and subsequently performs a forced alignment of the spoken utterances and their orthographic transcriptions in the automatic speech recognition system MAUS...
January 29, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371897/does-body-mass-index-interfere-in-the-formation-of-speech-formants
#8
Patricia Barbarini Takaki, Marilena Manno Vieira, Angelica Veiga Said, Silvana Bommarito
Introduction  Studies in the fields of voice and speech have increasingly focused on the vocal tract and the importance of its structural integrity, and changes in the anatomy and configuration of the vocal tract determine the variations in phonatory and acoustic measurements, especially in the formation of the formants (Fs). Recent studies have revealed the functional consequences arising from being overweight and having an accumulation of fat in the pharyngeal region, including obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and impacts on the voice...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336869/long-term-average-spectra-analysis-of-voice-in-children-with-cleft-palate
#9
Zengjie Yang, Jincai Fan, Jia Tian, Liqiang Liu, Cheng Gan, Tiran Zhang, Zheng Liu, Bing Han
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to survey the spectral characteristics and to compare, using an acoustic analyzer, the objective data obtained from patients with cleft palates with the objective data of normal children using long-term average spectra (LTAS) analysis. METHODS: Participants were divided into a clinical group and a control group. All participants were asked to practice reading a sentence to become fluent. The duration of each recording was about 60 seconds...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298731/spontaneous-rhythms-in-a-harbor-seal-pup-calls
#10
Andrea Ravignani
OBJECTIVES: Timing and rhythm (i.e. temporal structure) are crucial, though historically neglected, dimensions of animal communication. When investigating these in non-human animals, it is often difficult to balance experimental control and ecological validity. Here I present the first step of an attempt to balance the two, focusing on the timing of vocal rhythms in a harbor seal pup (Phoca vitulina). Collection of this data had a clear aim: To find spontaneous vocal rhythms in this individual in order to design individually-adapted and ecologically-relevant stimuli for a later playback experiment...
January 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287684/f-0-characteristics-of-newsreaders-on-varied-emotional-texts-in-tamil-language
#11
Nishanthi Gunasekaran, Prakash Boominathan, Jayashree Seethapathy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to profile speaking F0 and its variations in newsreaders on varied emotional texts. STUDY DESIGN: This study has a prospective, case-control study design. METHODS: Fifteen professional newsreaders and 15 non-newsreaders were the participants. The participants read the news bulletin that conveyed different emotions (shock, neutral, happy, and sad) in a habitual and "newsreading" voice. Speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) and F0 variations were extracted from 1620 tokens using Praat software (version 5...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184336/speech-signal-analysis-and-pattern-recognition-in-diagnosis-of-dysarthria
#12
Minu George Thoppil, C Santhosh Kumar, Anand Kumar, John Amose
Background: Dysarthria refers to a group of disorders resulting from disturbances in muscular control over the speech mechanism due to damage of central or peripheral nervous system. There is wide subjective variability in assessment of dysarthria between different clinicians. In our study, we tried to identify a pattern among types of dysarthria by acoustic analysis and to prevent intersubject variability. Objectives: (1) Pattern recognition among types of dysarthria with software tool and to compare with normal subjects...
October 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165085/a-speech-recognition-based-solution-for-the-automatic-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-from-spontaneous-speech
#13
Laszlo Toth, Ildiko Hoffmann, Gabor Gosztolya, Veronika Vincze, Greta Szatloczki, Zoltan Banreti, Magdolna Pakaski, Janos Kalman
BACKGROUND: Even today the reliable diagnosis of the prodromal stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains a great challenge. Our research focuses on the earliest detectable indicators of cognitive decline in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Since the presence of language impairment has been reported even in the mild stage of AD, the aim of this study is to develop a sensitive neuropsychological screening method which is based on the analysis of spontaneous speech production during performing a memory task...
2018: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104329/voice-onset-time-vot-at-50-theoretical-and-practical-issues-in-measuring-voicing-distinctions
#14
Arthur S Abramson, D H Whalen
Just over fifty years ago, Lisker and Abramson proposed a straightforward measure of acoustic differences among stop consonants of different voicing categories, voice onset time (VOT). Since that time, hundreds of studies have used this method. Here, we review the original definition of VOT, propose some extensions to the definition, and discuss some problematic cases. We propose a set of terms for the most important aspects of VOT and a set of Praat labels that could provide some consistency for future cross-study analyses...
July 2017: Journal of Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097046/detection-of-voice-changes-due-to-aspiration-via-acoustic-voice-analysis
#15
Young Ae Kang, Jaeock Kim, Sung Ju Jee, Cheol Woo Jo, Bon Seok Koo
OBJECTIVE: Aspiration can occur during swallowing. The present study investigated the feasibility of identifying aspiration risk (AR) via acoustic voice parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 165 patients scheduled for a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) were included. The patients were divided into two groups (AR and non-AR) based on their VFSS results. The AR group, which had ingested materials on or below the vocal folds, included 59 patients (42 males and 17 females)...
October 30, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033256/acoustic-analysis-of-normal-voice-patterns-in-pakistani-adults
#16
Saira Ambreen, Nazia Bashir, Sharmeen Aslam Tarar, Rukhsana Kausar
This study was designed to find out normative acoustic measures of adults in Pakistan. Age and gender differences in these parameters were also studied. The study variables include fundamental frequency, absolute jitter, relative jitter, relative average perturbation, 5-point period perturbation quotient perturbation quotient, jitter average absolute difference between consecutive periods, divided by the average period, shimmer local, shimmer decibel, three-point amplitude perturbation quotient, five-point amplitude perturbation quotient, average absolute difference of consecutive differences between the consecutive periods' amplitudes, and harmonics-to-noise ratio...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033255/how-do-voice-perceptual-changes-predict-acoustic-parameters-in-persian-voice-patients
#17
Shamim Hosseinifar, Farhad Torabinezhad, Leila Ghelichi, Masoud Roudbari, Erin Pearson Silverman, Maryam Faham
INTRODUCTION: Perceptual and acoustic analyses are essential tools that help voice therapists comprehensively assess voice quality. While perceptual evaluations are subjective and are influenced by external and culturally driven factors, acoustic analysis is an objective and reliable means of evaluating voice. The goals of this study were (1) to determine which acoustic parameters were predicted by perceptual voice quality and (2) to assess the effect of a short period of training on the reliability of perceptual voice analyses for Persian speakers...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029830/responsiveness-of-persian-version-of-consensus-auditory-perceptual-evaluation-of-voice-cape-v-persian-version-of-voice-handicap-index-vhi-and-praat-in-vocal-mass-lesions-with-muscle-tension-dysphonia
#18
Hassan Khoramshahi, Ahmad Reza Khatoonabadi, Seyyedeh Maryam Khoddami, Peyman Dabirmoghaddam, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at determining the internal and external responsiveness of the Persian version of the Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (called ATSHA), Persian version of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI), and Praat scales among patients with vocal mass lesions and secondary muscle tension dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, within-participant repeated measures. METHOD: Thirty patients with vocal fold nodules, polyps, and cysts related to secondary muscle tension dysphonia participated in the study...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965662/correlation-of-the-iranian-voice-quality-of-life-profile-ivqlp-with-acoustic-measurements-across-three-common-voice-disorders
#19
Ali Dehqan, Ronald C Scherer, Fariba Yadegari, Gholamali Dashti
OBJECTIVES: The Iranian Voice Quality of Life Profile (IVQLP) is a recent culture-based developed tool for assessing the quality of life of dysphonic patients. The research questions addressed here are as follows: (1) Are the correlations between IVQLP scores and values of objective voice measures? (2) Do the correlations differ across the three different voice disorders? METHODS: The subjects were divided into three groups: muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) (n = 62), benign midmembranous vocal fold lesions (n = 56), and unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) (n = 32)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964276/a-comparison-of-speech-intonation-production-and-perception-abilities-of-farsi-speaking-cochlear-implanted-and-normal-hearing-children
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Narges Moein, Seyyedeh Maryam Khoddami, Mohammad Rahim Shahbodaghi
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implant prosthesis facilitates spoken language development and speech comprehension in children with severe-profound hearing loss. However, this prosthesis is limited in encoding information about fundamental frequency and pitch that are essentially for recognition of speech prosody. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the perception and production of intonation in cochlear implant children and comparison with normal hearing children. METHOD: This study carried out on 25 cochlear implanted children and 50 children with normal hearing...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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