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Aneurysm pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923754/successful-coil-embolization-of-pediatric-carotid-cavernous-fistula-due-to-ruptured-post-traumatic-giant-internal-carotid-artery-aneurysm
#1
Daisuke Wajima, Ichiro Nakagawa, Hun Soo Park, Shohei Yokoyama, Takeshi Wada, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
BACKGROUND: The goal of the treatment of direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is to occlude the arteriovenous shunt and to preserve the patency of the concerned internal carotid artery (ICA). However, for the ipsilateral post-traumatic fragile cerebrum, coil embolization plus parent artery occlusion for the high flow direct CCF would be better for the prevention of hyper-perfusion syndrome and the intracranial hemorrhage. We experienced such a case and managed it successfully. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 6-year-old boy was suffered from severe head trauma caused by being hit by a car...
December 3, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895519/portal-hypertension-an-uncommon-clinical-manifestation-of-takayasu-arteritis-in-a-9-year-old-child
#2
Cristina N Herrera, Javier E Tomala-Haz
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is the third most common childhood vasculitis and its clinical manifestations depend on the arteries involved. We report a case of a 9-year-old boy with multiple aneurysms in carotid and iliac arteries, subclavian and coronary arteries, and abdominal aorta. At the age of 7 years, he presented with recurrent fever and hepatosplenomegaly. An angio-computed tomography scan showed aneurysms in the left subclavian artery, abdominal aorta, and both proximal iliac arteries. He was diagnosed with TA and was treated with corticosteroids, aspirin, and enalapril...
2016: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879314/genetic-variation-in-the-slc8a1-calcium-signaling-pathway-is-associated-with-susceptibility-to-kawasaki-disease-and-coronary-artery-abnormalities
#3
Chisato Shimizu, Hariklia Eleftherohorinou, Victoria J Wright, Jihoon Kim, Martin P Alphonse, James C Perry, Rolando Cimaz, David Burgner, Nagib Dahdah, Long T Hoang, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Andrea Salgado, Adriana H Tremoulet, Sonia Davila, Taco W Kuijpers, Martin L Hibberd, Todd A Johnson, Atsushi Takahashi, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Michiaki Kubo, Toshihiro Tanaka, Yoshihiro Onouchi, Rae S M Yeung, Lachlan J M Coin, Michael Levin, Jane C Burns
BACKGROUND: -Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute pediatric vasculitis in which host genetics influence both susceptibility to KD and the formation of coronary artery aneurysms. Variants discovered by genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and linkage studies only partially explain the influence of genetics on KD susceptibility. METHODS AND RESULTS: -To search for additional functional genetic variation, we performed pathway and gene stability analysis on a GWAS dataset...
November 21, 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872783/multimodality-cardiac-imaging-in-a-patient-with-kawasaki-disease-and-giant-aneurysms
#4
Ranjini Srinivasan, Rachel Weller, Anjali Chelliah, Andrew J Einstein
Kawasaki disease is a well-known cause of acquired cardiac disease in the pediatric and adult population, most prevalent in Japan but also seen commonly in the United States. In the era of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment, the morbidity associated with this disease has decreased, but it remains a serious illness. Here we present the case of an adolescent, initially diagnosed with Kawasaki disease as an infant, that progressed to giant aneurysm formation and calcification of the coronary arteries...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847800/right-iliac-arterial-aneurysm-in-a-4-year-old-girl-who-does-not-have-a-right-external-iliac-artery
#5
Jeong-Hwan Lee, Chaeyoun Oh, Joong Kee Youn, Ji-Won Han, Hyun-Young Kim, Sung-Eun Jung
Pediatric arterial aneurysm is rare disease. Among them, idiopathic-congenital arterial aneurysm is extremely rare. This is a case report of right common iliac artery idiopathic aneurysm with absence of right external iliac artery. A 4-year-old girl who had been complaining of intermittent abdominal pain since 2 years prior presented with a right lower abdominal mass that had been palpable since 6 months prior. Abdominal CT revealed a 5.2 cm × 4.5 cm × 5.1 cm, right-sided, partially thrombosed, saccular, iliac artery aneurysm...
November 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807483/a-sizable-aortic-root-paravalvular-mycotic-pseudoaneurysm
#6
Ahmad Saeed Azhar, Noran M Abu-Ouf
Mycotic aneurysm is an established condition first identified in 1885 by Sir William Osler. It is linked to malignant endocarditis. With prevalence of 0.7-2.6% of all cases of aortic aneurysms, it is associated with a significant rate of mortality and morbidity. Physicians should be highly cautious, as diagnosis and effective treatment for this condition are difficult. The following is a case report of a 13-year-old pediatric patient diagnosed with mycotic aneurysm. Before an adequate treatment plan could be developed and implemented, patient's status worsened swiftly and was ultimately terminal...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800080/-giant-congenital-intrapericardial-left-atrial-appendage-aneurysm-about-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Bouchra Zhari, Habib Bellamlih, Hassan Boumdine, Touriya Amil, Mehdi Bamous, Hassan En-Nouali
Left atrial appendage aneurysm is a very rare heart anomaly. It may be congenital or acquired, secondary to inflammatory or degenerative processes. Most cases are asymptomatic. The prevalence of these lesions in pediatric age has been very rarely reported. As it can cause potentially fatal arrhythmias or thrombus, surgery is required immediately after diagnosis. This study reports the case of a 14-year-old boy with rapidly progressive dyspnea, palpitations, sensation of repetitive dizziness and fainting, in whom congenital left atrial appendage aneurysm was detected...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793118/a-case-of-epstein-barr-virus-associated-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-with-severe-cardiac-complications
#8
Yoshiki Kawamura, Hiroki Miura, Yuji Matsumoto, Hidetoshi Uchida, Kazuko Kudo, Tadayoshi Hata, Yoshinori Ito, Hiroshi Kimura, Tetsushi Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life threatening hematological disorder associated with severe systemic inflammation caused by an uncontrolled and ineffective immune response resulting in cytokine storm. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the most common infectious agent in patients with the viral-associated HLH. Limited numbers of cases with cardiac complication have been demonstrated in other viral-associated HLH patients. Herein, we report a pediatric case of severe EBV-associated HLH with cardiac complications...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778155/current-management-of-aneurysmal-bone-cysts
#9
REVIEW
Howard Y Park, Sara K Yang, William L Sheppard, Vishal Hegde, Stephen D Zoller, Scott D Nelson, Noah Federman, Nicholas M Bernthal
Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are benign bone lesions arising predominantly in the pediatric population that can cause local pain, swelling, and pathologic fracture. Primary lesions, which constitute roughly two thirds of all ABCs, are thought to be neoplastic in nature, with one third of ABCs arising secondary to other tumors. Diagnosis is made with various imaging modalities, which exhibit characteristic features such as "fluid-fluid levels," although biopsy is critical, as telangiectatic osteosarcoma cannot be excluded based on imaging alone...
December 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768631/coronary-pulmonary-artery-fistulas-a-systematic-review
#10
Daniel Verdini, Daniel Vargas, Anderson Kuo, Brian Ghoshhajra, Phillip Kim, Horacio Murillo, Jacobo Kirsch, Michael Lane, Carlos Restrepo
PURPOSE: Coronary-pulmonary arterial fistulas (CPAFs) are rare coronary artery anomalies that have been described only in limited case reports. This study aims to evaluate the clinical presentation and imaging findings of CPAFs collected from 6 participating medical centers along with CPAFs reported in the literature, to discern any general trends present in CPAFs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 cases of CPAF diagnosed by coronary computed tomography angiography were collected across 6 participating institutions...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765738/flow-diverters-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-cerebrovascular-diseases
#11
M Barburoglu, A Arat
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is very limited data concerning utilization of flow diverters in children. Our aim is to report results for the treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms and carotid cavernous fistulas by using flow diverters in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of children (17 years of age or younger) treated with flow diverters between May 2011 and July 2014 was performed. Clinical and laboratory data and angiographic findings were extracted...
October 20, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693822/flow-diversion-for-treatment-of-growing-a2-aneurysm-in-a-child-case-report-and-review-of-flow-diversion-for-intracranial-aneurysms-in-pediatric-patients
#12
Jay Ashok Vachhani, Christopher Michael Nickele, Lucas Elijovich, Paul Klimo, Adam Stephen Arthur
BACKGROUND: Intracranial flow diversion has gained increasing popularity since the approval of the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED). Although it is only approved for use in adult patients, the PED has been used to treat aneurysms in pediatric patients. We present the first reported case of the use of a PED in a pediatric patient to treat an unusual fusiform distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysm. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 12-year-old girl presented with new onset seizures and was found to have a distal left anterior cerebral artery aneurysm...
September 29, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689245/vessel-preserving-stent-assisted-coil-embolization-of-an-extracranial-internal-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm-that-developed-after-tonsillectomy-in-a-pediatric-patient-initial-case-report
#13
Jeffrey Steinberg, Vincent Cheung, Gunjan Goel, J Scott Pannell, Javan Nation, Alexander Khalessi
Although there have been reports of carotid artery pseudoaneurysm formation after adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy secondary to iatrogenic injury, there are no case reports of successful endovascular reconstruction of the injured artery in the pediatric population. In most pediatric cases, the internal carotid artery (ICA) is sacrificed. The authors report on a 6-year-old girl who presented with odynophagia, left-sided Horner's syndrome, hematemesis, and severe anemia 6 months after a tonsillectomy. On examination she was found to have a pulsatile mass along the left posterior lateral oropharynx, and imaging demonstrated a dissection of the extracranial left ICA and an associated pseudoaneurysm...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666806/open-repair-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-a-young-boy-with-tuberous-sclerosis-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
P Dueppers, M Duran, K Grabitz, H Schelzig
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are a very rare in pediatric patients and can rarely be associated with tuberous sclerosis (TS). Open surgery is the first-line-therapy. We report our experience added by a review on current literature. REPORT: A 9-year old boy with TS and history of two earlier open repairs for AAA presented to our department with a recurrent juxtarenal aortic aneurysm. We performed a PTFE patch plasty. Postoperative course was uneventful...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665207/factors-associated-with-resource-utilization-and-coronary-artery-dilation-in-refractory-kawasaki-disease-from-the-pediatric-health-information-system-database
#15
Jennifer Y Lo, L LuAnn Minich, Lloyd Y Tani, Jacob Wilkes, Qian Ding, Shaji C Menon
Management guidelines for refractory Kawasaki disease (KD) are vague. We sought to assess practice variation and identify factors associated with large/complex coronary artery aneurysms (LCAA) and resource utilization in refractory KD. This retrospective cohort study identified patients aged ≤18 years with KD (2004 to 2014) using the Pediatric Health Information System. Refractory KD was defined as receiving >1 dose of intravenous immunoglobulin. Demographics, medications, concomitant infections, length of stay (LOS), and charges were collected...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663723/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-after-kawasaki-disease-the-pediatric-canadian-series
#16
A Dionne, M Bakloul, C Manlhiot, B W McCrindle, M Hosking, C Houde, D Pepelassis, N Dahdah
Coronary artery (CA) aneurysms are serious complications of Kawasaki disease (KD) responsible for ischemic events. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are reported with limited data on indications and comparative efficacy. Retrospective multicenter comparison of CA intervention following KD is performed in this study. Twenty two cases were available from 5 centers, of whom 11 underwent CABG, 10 PCI and 1 systemic thrombolysis. Age at intervention (8.3 ± 3.9 vs 11...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645948/first-successful-clinical-application-of-the-in-vivo-tissue-engineered-autologous-vascular-graft
#17
Nobuyasu Kato, Masaaki Yamagishi, Keiichi Kanda, Takako Miyazaki, Yoshinobu Maeda, Masashi Yamanami, Taiji Watanabe, Hitoshi Yaku
PURPOSE: The ideal material for pediatric pulmonary artery (PA) augmentation is autologous pericardium. However, its utility for multistaged operations is limited. In this study, we applied an in vivo tissue-engineered autologous Biotube graft to a patient with congenital heart disease for the first time. DESCRIPTION: For molds of the Biotubes, two silicone 19F drain tubes were embedded in the subcutaneous spaces of a 2-year-old girl with a diagnosis of pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries during palliative surgical procedures...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625523/modified-pediatric-bentall-procedure-a-novel-technique-in-a-rare-case
#18
Gananjay G Salve, Satish R Javali, Bharat V Dalvi, Shivaprakash Krishnanaik
Aneurysms of ascending aorta are rarely seen in pediatric age group. Only few cases with Marfans syndrome have been reported in the literature. Preferred treatment for these children has been the standard Bentall procedure (aortic root replacement with composite graft prosthesis). We report a 4-year-old male child with huge aneurysm of ascending aorta and aortic root dilation with severe aortic regurgitation, having phenotypic features of Loeys-Dietz syndrome type I. He underwent Bentall procedure with a novel modification (medial trap-door technique for coronary reimplantation)...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601322/endovascular-treatment-of-pediatric-intracranial-arteriovenous-shunting
#19
Yasunari Niimi
Intracranial arteriovenous shunts (ICAVSs) in young children are characterized with frequent high flow fistulas. In association of high flow fistulas and physiological condition of the developing brain and heart, each disease tends to present at a certain age with unique symptoms. Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) and dural sinus malformation (DSM) with arteriovenous (AV) shunts tend to present in neonate with high output cardiac failure. In infancy, VGAM, pial AVF and infantile dural AVF tend to present with hydrodynamic disorder such as macrocephaly, ventriculomegaly, prominent facial veins, and developmental delay...
September 7, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589358/n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-diagnostic-algorithm-versus-american-heart-association-algorithm-for-kawasaki-disease
#20
Audrey Dionne, Léamarie Meloche-Dumas, Laurent Desjardins, Jean Turgeon, Claire Saint-Cyr, Julie Autmizguine, Linda Spigelblatt, Anne Fournier, Nagib Dahdah
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of Kawasaki disease (KD) can be challenging in the absence of a confirmatory test or pathognomonic finding, especially when clinical criteria are incomplete. We recently proposed serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as an adjunctive diagnostic test. METHODS: We retrospectively tested a new algorithm to help KD diagnosis based on NT-proBNP, coronary artery dilation (CAD) at onset, and abnormal serum albumin or C-reactive protein (CRP)...
September 2, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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