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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186788/neurotoxic-effects-of-linalool-and-%C3%AE-pinene-on-tribolium-castaneum-herbst
#1
(no author information available yet)
Effective, ethical pest control requires the use of chemicals that are highly specific, safe, and ecofriendly. Linalool and β-pinene occur naturally as major constituents of the essential oils of many plant species distributed throughout the world, and thus meet these requirements. These monoterpenes were tested as repellents against Tribolium castaneum, using the area preference method, after four hours of exposure and the effect transcriptional of genes associated with neurotransmission. Changes in gene expression of acetylcholinesterase (Ace1), GABA-gated anion channel splice variant 3a6a (Rdl), GABA-gated ion channel (Grd), glutamate-gated chloride channel (Glucl), and histamine-gated chloride channel 2 (Hiscl2) were assessed and the interaction with proteins important for the insect using in silico methods was also studied...
November 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141215/octopamine-drives-endurance-exercise-adaptations-in-drosophila
#2
Alyson Sujkowski, Divya Ramesh, Axel Brockmann, Robert Wessells
Endurance exercise is an effective therapeutic intervention with substantial pro-healthspan effects. Male Drosophila respond to a ramped daily program of exercise by inducing conserved physiological responses similar to those seen in mice and humans. Female flies respond to an exercise stimulus but do not experience the adaptive training response seen in males. Here, we use female flies as a model to demonstrate that differences in exercise response are mediated by differences in neuronal activity. The activity of octopaminergic neurons is specifically required to induce the conserved cellular and physiological changes seen following endurance training...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133063/octopamine-enhances-the-immune-responses-of-freshwater-giant-prawn-macrobrachium-rosenbergii-via-octopamine-receptors
#3
Hsin-Wei Kuo, Winton Cheng
Octopamine (OA) is known to play an important role in regulating insect immune responses. In Macrobrachium rosenbergii (18.0 ± 1.7 g), OA at 25.0 and 250.0 pmol/prawn significantly increased THC, semigranular cells (SGCs) and PO activity in hemocytes per 50 μL hemolymph, hyaline cells, granular cells (GCs) and RBs in hemocytes per 10 μL hemolymph, and RBs per hemocyte, and however, significantly decreased PO activity per granulocyte (GC + SGC), which returned to control levels after 4 h of injection...
November 10, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114209/the-biogenic-amine-tyramine-and-its-receptor-amtyr1-in-olfactory-neuropils-in-the-honey-bee-apis-mellifera-brain
#4
Irina T Sinakevitch, Sasha M Daskalova, Brian H Smith
This article describes the cellular sources for tyramine and the cellular targets of tyramine via the Tyramine Receptor 1 (AmTyr1) in the olfactory learning and memory neuropils of the honey bee brain. Clusters of approximately 160 tyramine immunoreactive neurons are the source of tyraminergic fibers with small varicosities in the optic lobes, antennal lobes, lateral protocerebrum, mushroom body (calyces and gamma lobes), tritocerebrum and subesophageal ganglion (SEG). Our tyramine mapping study shows that the primary sources of tyramine in the antennal lobe and calyx of the mushroom body are from at least two Ventral Unpaired Median neurons (VUMmd and VUMmx) with cell bodies in the SEG...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103950/genotyping-acaricide-resistance-profiles-of-rhipicephalus-microplus-tick-populations-from-communal-land-areas-of-zimbabwe
#5
Marvelous Sungirai, Samantha Baron, Doreen Zandile Moyo, Patrick De Clercq, Christine Maritz-Olivier, Maxime Madder
Acaricide resistance is one of the greatest threats towards the successful control of vector ticks worldwide. Communal farmers of Zimbabwe use amitraz as the most common acaricide with occasional usage of pyrethroids and organophosphates. As a strategy towards developing an effective acaricide resistance management system in Zimbabwe, screening was done by genotyping Rhipicephalus microplus tick populations using molecular markers associated with resistance to these chemicals. The frequency of the mutant allele for the octopamine/tyramine receptor marker associated with amitraz resistance was high (0...
November 2, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102645/caste-differences-in-the-association-between-dopamine-and-reproduction-in-the-bumble-bee-bombus-ignitus
#6
Ken Sasaki, Hinako Matsuyama, Naruaki Morita, Masato Ono
A society of bumble bees is primitively eusocial, with an annual life cycle, and can be used as a physiological model of social bees for comparative studies with highly eusocial hymenopterans. We investigated the dynamics of biogenic amine levels in the brain, meso-metathoracic ganglia, terminal abdominal ganglion, and hemolymph in queens 1 day after mating (1DAM), during diapause (Dp), and during colony founding (CF) in the bumble bee, Bombus ignitus. Dopamine levels in the brain of CF queens were significantly lower than in 1DAM and Dp queens, and the levels in the thoracic ganglia and hemolymph in CF queens were lower than in 1DAM queens, but did not differ from other groups in the abdominal ganglion...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089641/roles-of-dopamine-neurons-in-mediating-the-prediction-error-in-aversive-learning-in-insects
#7
Kanta Terao, Makoto Mizunami
In associative learning in mammals, it is widely accepted that the discrepancy, or error, between actual and predicted reward determines whether learning occurs. The prediction error theory has been proposed to account for the finding of a blocking phenomenon, in which pairing of a stimulus X with an unconditioned stimulus (US) could block subsequent association of a second stimulus Y to the US when the two stimuli were paired in compound with the same US. Evidence for this theory, however, has been imperfect since blocking can also be accounted for by competitive theories...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084141/peatar1b-characterization-of-a-second-type-1-tyramine-receptor-of-the-american-cockroach-periplaneta-americana
#8
Wolfgang Blenau, Sabine Balfanz, Arnd Baumann
The catecholamines norepinephrine and epinephrine regulate important physiological functions in vertebrates. In insects; these neuroactive substances are functionally replaced by the phenolamines octopamine and tyramine. Phenolamines activate specific guanine nucleotide-binding (G) protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Type 1 tyramine receptors are better activated by tyramine than by octopamine. In contrast; type 2 tyramine receptors are almost exclusively activated by tyramine. Functionally; activation of type 1 tyramine receptors leads to a decrease in the intracellular concentration of cAMP ([cAMP]i) whereas type 2 tyramine receptors can mediate Ca(2+) signals or both Ca(2+) signals and effects on [cAMP]i...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066958/origins-of-aminergic-regulation-of-behavior-in-complex-insect-social-systems
#9
J Frances Kamhi, Sara Arganda, Corrie S Moreau, James F A Traniello
Neuromodulators are conserved across insect taxa, but how biogenic amines and their receptors in ancestral solitary forms have been co-opted to control behaviors in derived socially complex species is largely unknown. Here we explore patterns associated with the functions of octopamine (OA), serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in solitary ancestral insects and their derived functions in eusocial ants, bees, wasps and termites. Synthesizing current findings that reveal potential ancestral roles of monoamines in insects, we identify physiological processes and conserved behaviors under aminergic control, consider how biogenic amines may have evolved to modulate complex social behavior, and present focal research areas that warrant further study...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064449/molecular-affinity-of-mabolo-extracts-to-an-octopamine-receptor-of-a-fruit-fly
#10
Francoise Neil D Dacanay, Ma Carmina Joyce A Ladra, Hiyas A Junio, Ricky B Nellas
Essential oils extracted from plants are composed of volatile organic compounds that can affect insect behavior. Identifying the active components of the essential oils to their biochemical target is necessary to design novel biopesticides. In this study, essential oils extracted from Diospyros discolor (Willd.) were analyzed using gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) to create an untargeted metabolite profile. Subsequently, a conformational ensemble of the Drosophila melanogaster octopamine receptor in mushroom bodies (OAMB) was created from a molecular dynamics simulation to resemble a flexible receptor for docking studies...
October 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021745/tyramine-actions-on-drosophila-flight-behavior-are-affected-by-a-glial-dehydrogenase-reductase
#11
Stefanie Ryglewski, Carsten Duch, Benjamin Altenhein
The biogenic amines octopamine (OA) and tyramine (TA) modulate insect motor behavior in an antagonistic manner. OA generally enhances locomotor behaviors such as Drosophila larval crawling and flight, whereas TA decreases locomotor activity. However, the mechanisms and cellular targets of TA modulation of locomotor activity are incompletely understood. This study combines immunocytochemistry, genetics and flight behavioral assays in the Drosophila model system to test the role of a candidate enzyme for TA catabolism, named Nazgul (Naz), in flight motor behavioral control...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018364/cloning-and-functional-characterization-of-oct%C3%AE-2-receptor-and-tyr1-receptor-in-the-chagas-disease-vector-rhodnius-prolixus
#12
Sam Hana, Angela B Lange
Octopamine and tyramine, both biogenic amines, are bioactive chemicals important in diverse physiological processes in invertebrates. In insects, octopamine and tyramine operate analogously to epinephrine and norepinephrine in the vertebrates. Octopamine and tyramine bind to G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) leading to changes in second messenger levels and thereby modifying the function in target tissues and insect behavior. In this paper, we report the cDNA sequences of two GPCRs, RhoprOctβ2-R, and RhoprTyr1-R, have been cloned and functionally characterized from Rhodnius prolixus...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978457/in-vitro-efficacy-of-a-botanical-acaricide-and-its-active-ingredients-against-larvae-of-susceptible-and-acaricide-resistant-strains-of-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-canestrini-acari-ixodidae
#13
Nirbhay K Singh, Robert J Miller, Guilherme M Klafke, John A Goolsby, Donald B Thomas, Adalberto A Perez de Leon
Ticks and tick-borne diseases are a major constraint for a sustainable cattle industry in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The development of resistance to most of the commonly used acaricides has led to an assessment of herbal products for acaricidal activity as an eco-friendly tick control alternative. A botanical product, Essentria(®) IC-3 insect concentrate containing rosemary oil (10%), geraniol (5%) and peppermint oil (2%), acts on target pests by blocking octopamine. Essentria(®) IC-3 and its active components were evaluated for larvicidal activity against several susceptible and acaricide-resistant strains of the cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Canestrini by Larval Packet test using 14-21 d old unfed larvae...
September 14, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942992/a-new-drosophila-octopamine-receptor-responds-to-serotonin
#14
Yi-Xiang Qi, Gang Xu, Gui-Xiang Gu, Fen Mao, Gong-Yin Ye, Weiwei Liu, Jia Huang
As the counterparts of the vertebrate adrenergic transmitters, octopamine and tyramine are important physiological regulators in invertebrates. They control and modulate many physiological and behavioral functions in insects. In this study, we reported the pharmacological properties of a new α2-adrenergic-like octopamine receptor (CG18208) from Drosophila melanogaster, named DmOctα2R. This new receptor gene encodes two transcripts by alternative splicing. The long isoform DmOctα2R-L differs from the short isoform DmOctα2R-S by the presence of an additional 29 amino acids within the third intracellular loop...
November 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930573/molecular-biology-of-amitraz-resistance-in-cattle-ticks-of-the-genus-rhipicephalus
#15
Nicholas N Jonsson, Guilherme Klafke, Sean W Corley, Jason Tidwell, Christina M Berry, Hh Caline Koh-Tan
Amitraz is an important product for the control of cattle ticks around the world. In comparison with other products for the control of ticks, it is quite affordable and it has a rapid knock-down effect. It binds with and activates adrenergic neuro-receptors of animals and it inhibits the action of monoamine oxidases (MAO). Resistance to amitraz has been documented in Rhipicephalus microplus, R. decoloratus and R. appendiculatus. Four mechanisms of resistance have been proposed, each of which is supported by evidence but none of which has been definitively confirmed as the cause of resistance in the field...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918475/octopaminergic-innervation-and-a-neurohaemal-release-site-in-the-antennal-heart-of-the-locust-schistocerca-gregaria
#16
Victoria Antemann, Günther Pass, Hans-Joachim Pflüger
A detailed account is given by the octopaminergic innervation of the antennal heart in Schistocerca gregaria using various immunohistochemical methods. Anterograde axonal filling illustrates the unilateral innervation on the medial ventral surface of the pumping muscle of the antennal heart via the paired corpora cardiaca nerve III. In addition, antibody staining revealed that ascending axons of this nerve terminate at the ampullae of the antennal heart forming synaptoid structures and extensive neurohaemal release sites...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912693/octopamine-underlies-the-counter-regulatory-response-to-a-glucose-deficit-in-honeybees-apis-mellifera
#17
Christina Buckemüller, Oliver Siehler, Josefine Göbel, Richard Zeumer, Anja Ölschläger, Dorothea Eisenhardt
An animal's internal state is a critical parameter required for adaptation to a given environment. An important aspect of an animal's internal state is the energy state that is adjusted to the needs of an animal by energy homeostasis. Glucose is one essential source of energy, especially for the brain. A shortage of glucose therefore triggers a complex response to restore the animal's glucose supply. This counter-regulatory response to a glucose deficit includes metabolic responses like the mobilization of glucose from internal glucose stores and behavioral responses like increased foraging and a rapid intake of food...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878633/the-role-of-monoaminergic-neurotransmission-for-metabolic-control-in-the-fruit-fly-drosophila-melanogaster
#18
Yong Li, Lasse Tiedemann, Jakob von Frieling, Stella Nolte, Samar El-Kholy, Flora Stephano, Christoph Gelhaus, Iris Bruchhaus, Christine Fink, Thomas Roeder
Hormones control various metabolic traits comprising fat deposition or starvation resistance. Here we show that two invertebrate neurohormones, octopamine (OA) and tyramine (TA) as well as their associated receptors, had a major impact on these metabolic traits. Animals devoid of the monoamine OA develop a severe obesity phenotype. Using flies defective in the expression of receptors for OA and TA, we aimed to decipher the contributions of single receptors for these metabolic phenotypes. Whereas those animals impaired in octß1r, octß2r and tar1 share the obesity phenotype of OA-deficient (tβh-deficient) animals, the octß1r, octß2r deficient flies showed reduced insulin release, which is opposed to the situation found in tβh-deficient animals...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858625/to-fight-or-not-to-fight
#19
Talmo D Pereira, Mala Murthy
In this issue of Neuron, Watanabe et al. (2017) uncover how octopamine, an invertebrate norepinephrine analog, modulates the neural pathways that bias Drosophila males toward aggression.
August 30, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858617/a-circuit-node-that-integrates-convergent-input-from-neuromodulatory-and-social-behavior-promoting-neurons-to-control-aggression-in-drosophila
#20
Kiichi Watanabe, Hui Chiu, Barret D Pfeiffer, Allan M Wong, Eric D Hoopfer, Gerald M Rubin, David J Anderson
Diffuse neuromodulatory systems such as norepinephrine (NE) control brain-wide states such as arousal, but whether they control complex social behaviors more specifically is not clear. Octopamine (OA), the insect homolog of NE, is known to promote both arousal and aggression. We have performed a systematic, unbiased screen to identify OA receptor-expressing neurons (OARNs) that control aggression in Drosophila. Our results uncover a tiny population of male-specific aSP2 neurons that mediate a specific influence of OA on aggression, independent of any effect on arousal...
August 30, 2017: Neuron
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