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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714581/psychometric-evaluation-and-norms-for-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness-maia-in-a-clinical-eating-disorders-sample
#1
Tiffany A Brown, Laura A Berner, Michelle D Jones, Erin E Reilly, Anne Cusack, Leslie K Anderson, Walter H Kaye, Christina E Wierenga
Altered interoceptive awareness (IA) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eating disorders; however, few comprehensive self-report measures of IA exist in eating disorders. The present study sought to validate the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), originally developed to assess IA in individuals practicing mind-body therapies, in an eating disorder sample. Adult and adolescent patients (n = 376) completed assessments upon admission to a partial hospital programme. Analyses examined the factor structure of the MAIA, scale means, scale-scale correlations, internal consistency and construct validity...
July 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714048/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-a-three-dimensional-model-of-neurobiology-with-implications-for-etiology-and-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Jennifer J Thomas, Elizabeth A Lawson, Nadia Micali, Madhusmita Misra, Thilo Deckersbach, Kamryn T Eddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: DSM-5 defined avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) as a failure to meet nutritional needs leading to low weight, nutritional deficiency, dependence on supplemental feedings, and/or psychosocial impairment. We summarize what is known about ARFID and introduce a three-dimensional model to inform research. RECENT FINDINGS: Because ARFID prevalence, risk factors, and maintaining mechanisms are not known, prevailing treatment approaches are based on clinical experience rather than data...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705563/la-transition-enfant-adulte-pour-les-patients-souffrant-de-troubles-des-conduites-alimentaires
#3
Corinne Blanchet-Collet, Hervé Lefevre, Marie Rose Moro
THE CHILD-ADULT TRANSITION FOR PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM EATING DISORDERS.: Eating disorders are chronic and evolutive psychiatric conditions which develop on a continuum between childhood and adulthood. The transition between child, adolescent and then adult care is a period of great vulnerability which may induce drop-out and aggravation of symptoms. In the case of eating disorders in particular, personalised transition programmes have been implemented in order to provide this support.
July 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695573/relationships-between-self-reported-and-observed-parenting-behaviour-adolescent-disordered-eating-attitudes-and-behaviours-and-the-5-httlpr-polymorphism-data-from-the-australian-temperament-project
#4
Vanja Rozenblat, Joanne Ryan, Eleanor Wertheim, Ross King, Craig A Olsson, Primrose Letcher, Isabel Krug
This study examined whether self-reported and observationally measured parental behaviours were associated with disordered eating, and investigated possible moderation by a serotonin-transporter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR). Study 1 included 650 adolescents from the Australian Temperament Project who completed the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 Drive for Thinness and Bulimia scales at 15/16 years and were genotyped for 5-HTTLPR. Parents completed an Australian Temperament Project-devised measure of parental warmth and harsh punishment...
July 10, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694222/effects-of-single-genetic-variants-and-polygenic-obesity-risk-scores-on-disordered-eating-in-adolescents-the-hunt-study
#5
Farzaneh Saeedzadeh Sardahaee, Turid Lingaas Holmen, Nadia Micali, Kirsti Kvaløy
PURPOSE: Improving the understanding of the role of genetic risk on disordered eating (DE). METHODS: A case-control study including 1757 (F: 979, M: 778) adolescents (aged 13-19 years) from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT), an ethnically homogenous Norwegian population based study. Cases and controls were defined using a shortened version of the Eating Attitude Test. Logistic regression was employed to test for associations between DE phenotypes and 24 obesity and eating disorder susceptibility SNPs, and the joint effect of a subset of these in a genetic risk score (GRS)...
July 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691841/shared-familial-risk-between-bulimic-symptoms-and-alcohol-involvement-during-adolescence
#6
Jessica H Baker, Melissa A Munn-Chernoff, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Hermine Maes, Kenneth S Kendler
Twin studies show the established relation between bulimic symptoms and problematic alcohol involvement in adult females is partly due to shared familial factors, specifically shared genetic effects. However, it is unclear if similar shared etiological factors exist during adolescence or in males. We examined the familial overlap (i.e., genetic and common environmental correlations) between bulimic symptoms and various levels of alcohol involvement in 16- to 17-year-old female and male same-sex twin pairs using sex-specific biometrical twin modeling...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683881/-influence-of-the-internet-on-eating-disorders-in-teenagers
#7
Frédéric Ntwengabarumije, Nathalie Gingras, Richard E Bélanger
Thanks to new technologies, young people can keep themselves informed, communicate, socialise and perform a host of other activities more easily, online. Adolescence is also a period of vulnerability for the development of eating disorders. This expansion of digital media in the daily lives of adolescents raises questions regarding the long-term implications and the possible impacts of the internet on the evolution and treatment of people with eating disorders.
July 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672063/low-weight-gain-at-the-start-of-a-family-based-intervention-for-adolescent-girls-with-restrictive-eating-disorders-predicted-emergency-hospital-admission
#8
Ingemar Swenne, Helena Salonen Ros
AIM: This study examined predictors of emergency hospitalisation of adolescent girls with restrictive eating disorders and weight loss treated by a family-based intervention programme. METHODS: We studied 339 girls aged 10-17 years treated in a specialist unit at Uppsala University Children's Hospital, Sweden, from August 2010 to December 2015. Historical weight data were obtained from school health services and other weight data were determined at presentation...
July 3, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667926/momentary-emotion-identification-in-female-adolescents-with-and-without-anorexia-nervosa
#9
David R Kolar, Michael Huss, Hanna M Preuss, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Ann F Haynos, Arne Bürger, Florian Hammerle
Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) often report difficulties in identifying emotions, which have been mostly studied as an alexithymia trait. In a controlled two-day ecological momentary assessment, we studied the influence of time of day and aversive tension on self-reported momentary emotion identification. Analysis on an aggregated level revealed a significant lower mean emotion identification in the AN group. In a mixed model analysis, the AN group showed lower emotion identification than the control group (HC)...
June 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666657/body-esteem-as-a-common-factor-of-a-tendency-toward-binge-eating-and-sexual-dissatisfaction-among-women-the-role-of-dissociation-and-stress-response-during-sex
#10
Giovanni Castellini, Carolina Lo Sauro, Valdo Ricca, Alessandra H Rellini
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested a relevant overlap between eating disorders and sexual dysfunction involving the emotional component of body image esteem and dissociative experiences. AIM: To evaluate the common maintaining factors of sexual dysfunction and vulnerability to pathologic eating behaviors and their relation to a physiologic stress response. METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, we evaluated a non-clinical sample of 60 heterosexual women (25-35 years old) for dissociation during sex with a partner, body image disturbance, and tendency toward pathologic eating behaviors...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646354/associations-between-race-and-eating-disorder-symptom-trajectories-in-black-and-white-girls
#11
Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer E Wildes, Yu Cheng, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kate Keenan, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
Epidemiological research suggests racial differences in the presentation of eating disorder symptoms. However, no studies have examined associations between race and eating disorder symptom trajectories across youth and adolescence, which is necessary to inform culturally sensitive prevention programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the trajectories of eating disorder symptoms from childhood to young adulthood and to examine whether race was associated with trajectory group membership. Data were drawn from 2,305 Black and White girls who participated in a community-based longitudinal cohort study (Pittsburgh Girls Study) examining the development of psychopathology...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639319/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-children-from-the-age-of-6-to-11-years
#12
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Tamara Brown, Karen Rees, Liane B Azevedo, Victoria Whittaker, Dan Jones, Joan Olajide, Giulia M Mainardi, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Elizabeth Beardsmore, Lena Al-Khudairy, Louise Baur, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Alessandro Demaio, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. This is an update of a Cochrane review published first in 2003, and updated previously in 2009. However, the update has now been split into six reviews addressing different childhood obesity treatments at different ages. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions (behaviour-changing interventions) for the treatment of overweight or obese children aged 6 to 11 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634965/the-treatment-of-iron-deficiency-without-anaemia-in-otherwise-healthy-persons
#13
German E Clénin
Iron deficiency is the most widespread and frequent nutritional disorder in the world. It affects a high proportion of children and women in developing countries and is also significantly prevalent in the industrialised world, with a clear predominance in adolescents and menstruating females. Iron is essential for optimal cognitive function and physical performance, not only as a binding site of oxygen but also as a critical constituent of many enzymes. Therefore iron deficiency at all its levels - nonanaemic iron deficiency, iron deficiency with microcytosis or hypochromia and iron deficiency anaemia - should be treated...
June 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625002/changes-in-dietary-intake-and-eating-behavior-in-adolescents-after-bariatric-surgery-an-ancillary-study-to-the-teen-labs-consortium
#14
David B Sarwer, Rebecca J Dilks, Jacqueline C Spitzer, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden, Renee H Moore, Jesse L Chittams, Mary L Brandt, Mike K Chen, Anita P Courcoulas, Carroll M Harmon, Michael A Helmrath, Marc P Michalsky, Stavra A Xanthakos, Meg H Zeller, Todd M Jenkins, Thomas H Inge
BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies suggest that bariatric surgery is safe and effective for adolescents with severe obesity. However, surprisingly little is known about changes in dietary intake and eating behavior of adolescents who undergo bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: Investigate changes in dietary intake and eating behavior of adolescents with obesity who underwent bariatric surgery (n = 119) or lifestyle modification (LM) (n = 169). SETTING: University-based health systems METHODS: A prospective investigation of 288 participants (219 female and 69 male) prior to bariatric surgery or LM and again 6, 12, and 24 months (surgery patients only) after treatment...
June 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615982/family-based-treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-adolescents-current-insights
#15
REVIEW
Renee D Rienecke
Eating disorders are serious illnesses associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Family-based treatment (FBT) has emerged as an effective intervention for adolescents with anorexia nervosa, and preliminary evidence suggests that it may be efficacious in the treatment of adolescents with bulimia nervosa. Multifamily therapy for anorexia nervosa provides a more intensive experience for families needing additional support. This review outlines the three phases of treatment, key tenets of family-based treatment, and empirical support for FBT...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605309/disordered-eating-the-young-male-side
#16
Sabine Ammann, André Berchtold, Yara Barrense-Dias, Christina Akre, Joan-Carles Surís
Disordered eating (DE) is known to predominate among girls, and historically studies have focused primarily on them. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the characteristics of adolescent and young adult males at risk of DE. Participants (N = 2269; 15-24 years) in a study assessing their lifestyle were divided into two groups based on the SCOFF five-question screening tool: a SCOFF[+] group for participants at risk of disordered eating, and a SCOFF[-] group for everyone else. SCOFF[+] participants were more likely to be overweight and obese; have a lower socio-economic status and non-Swiss parents; experience weight issues; and report a chronic condition, poorer emotional well-being and a less positive attitude towards life...
June 12, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595830/-negative-perceptions-of-the-risks-associated-with-gaming-in-young-adolescents-an-exploratory-study-to-help-thinking-about-a-prevention-program
#17
C Bonnaire, O Phan
Given the growing use of video games and the growing number of adolescents with Internet gaming disorder (IGD), prevention in this area is necessary. The objective of this study was to investigate the use and most particularly the representations of the risks associated with the use of video games in young adolescents by comparing problematic (PGs) and nonproblematic gamers (NPGs). Gender differences were also explored. Five Parisian middle schools participated in this study and 434 adolescents (231 boys, mage=13...
June 5, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587796/effect-of-hospitalization-on-percent-median-body-mass-index-at-one%C3%A2-year-in-underweight-youth-with-restrictive-eating-disorders
#18
Cynthia J Kapphahn, Dionne A Graham, Elizabeth R Woods, Rebecca Hehn, Kathleen A Mammel, Sara F Forman, Martin Fisher, Kelly A Robinson, Ellen S Rome, Albert Hergenroeder, Neville H Golden
PURPOSE: Data from low-weight patients with restrictive eating disorders (EDs) treated in outpatient adolescent medicine-based ED treatment programs were analyzed to determine whether there was an association between hospitalization and gain to at least 90% median body mass index (mBMI) at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected for 322 low-weight (<85% mBMI at intake) patients aged 9-21 years, who presented with restrictive EDs to 14 adolescent medicine-based ED programs in 2010...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587552/anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-psychotherapeutic-cognitive-constructivist-approach
#19
Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu, Raphael Cangelli Filho
Of the eating disorders, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the ones that have made adolescent patients-often females and aged younger and younger-seek for help. This help is provided through a multidisciplinary treatment involving psychiatrists, psychologists and dietists. Psychotherapy has shown to be an efficient component for these patients' improvement. The present article aims at presenting a proposal of psychotherapeutic treatment based on a cognitive-constructivist approach.
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580141/factor-analysis-of-the-adolescent-version-of-the-eating-disorders-examination-questionnaire-ede-q-results-from-swedish-general-population-and-clinical-samples
#20
Emma Forsén Mantilla, Andreas Birgegård, David Clinton
BACKGROUND: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is perhaps the single most widely used self-report measure of eating disorder (ED) symptoms, important questions remain about its validity and applicability in relation to particular groups of individuals, especially adolescents of both genders. METHODS: The present study investigated the factor structure of the adolescent version of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) in samples of Swedish girls and boys from the general population and girls with a diagnosed eating disorder...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
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