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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042824/family-profiles-in-eating-disorders-family-functioning-and-psychopathology
#1
Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino, Mimma Tafà, Eleonora Marzilli, Giulia Ballarotto, Fabrizia Bracaglia
Research has studied family functioning in families of patients suffering from eating disorders (EDs), particularly investigating the associations between mothers' and daughters' psychopathological symptoms, but limited studies have examined whether there are specific maladaptive psychological profiles characterizing the family as a whole when it includes adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED). Through the collaboration of a network of public and private consultants, we recruited n=181 adolescents diagnosed for EDs (n=61 with AN, n=60 with BN, and n=60 with BEDs) and their parents...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034536/family-functioning-and-relationship-quality-for-adolescents-in-family-based-treatment-with-severe-anorexia-nervosa-compared-with-non-clinical-adolescents
#2
Andrew Wallis, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Sloane Madden, Paul Rhodes, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Stephen Touyz
This longitudinal study explored family functioning and relationship quality for adolescents with severe anorexia nervosa (AN). An important outcome given healthy family functioning supports effective adolescent development. Fifty-four female adolescents and their parents, treated with family-based treatment after inpatient admission, and 49 non-clinical age-matched adolescents and their parents were compared at assessment and 6 months after session 20. At baseline, AN group mothers and fathers reported poorer family function...
October 16, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022234/selflessness-as-a-predictor-of-remission-from-an-eating-disorder-1-4%C3%A2-year-outcomes-from-an-adolescent-day-care-unit
#3
Uri Pinus, Laura Canetti, Omer Bonne, Eytan Bachar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential role of selflessness in predicting remission from an eating disorder (ED) following discharge from an adolescent day-care unit. METHOD: Participants were 95 female patients (aged 13-19 years) with an ED diagnosis across the spectrum admitted to an adolescent day-care unit for EDs between 2008 and 2012. Forty-one of these participants completed the follow-up assessment, between 12 and 46 months following discharge. No significant differences were found in Time 1 variables between patients who participated in Time 2 and those who did not...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994215/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-eating-attitudes-test-in-young-female-patients-with-eating-disorders-in-mainland-china
#4
Qing Kang, Raymond C K Chan, Xiaoping Li, Jon Arcelus, Ling Yue, Jiabin Huang, Lian Gu, Qing Fan, Haiyin Zhang, Zeping Xiao, Jue Chen
The study aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the eating attitudes test (EAT-26) among female adolescents and young adults in Mainland China. This scale was administered to 396 female eating disorder patients and 406 noneating disorder healthy controls, in addition 35 healthy controls completed a retest after a 4-week intervals. Tests for reliability, convergent validity and receiver operating characteristic analysis were performed to detect the psychometric properties...
October 9, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982204/-psychiatric-and-somatic-comorbidities-of-eating-disorders-and-obesity-in-female-adolescent-and-adult-inpatients
#5
Julia Muehleck, Felicitas Richter, Luise Adametz, Bernhard Strauß, Uwe Berger
Objective The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of somatic and psychiatric comorbidities in female inpatients diagnosed with an eating disorder or obesity. Methods Statutory health insurance data (11 - 25 years, N = 1269) was analysed. Results The most frequent comorbidities for both groups were affective, neurotic, stress-related and somatoform as well as personality disorders and diseases of the digestive system. Conclusion Close to half of the patients diagnosed with an eating disorder suffered from psychiatric comorbidities...
October 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970163/establishment-of-a-chronic-activity-based-anorexia-rat-model
#6
Linda Frintrop, Stefanie Trinh, Johanna Liesbrock, Lisa Paulukat, Martien J Kas, Rene Tolba, Kerstin Konrad, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Cordian Beyer, Jochen Seitz
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is often a chronic eating disorder characterised by body image disturbance and low body weight often associated with starvation-induced amenorrhoea and excessive exercise. Activity-based anorexia (ABA) is an animal model representing many somatic aspects of this psychiatric illness. We systematically manipulated the extent and length of starvation and animal age to find the optimal parameters to study chronic starvation. NEW METHODS: Wistar rats had 24h/day running wheel access and received 40% of their baseline food intake until a 20% or 25% weight reduction was reached (acute starvation)...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963857/prevalence-and-severity-of-eating-disorders-a-comparison-of-dsm-iv-and-dsm-5-among-german-adolescents
#7
Verena Ernst, Arne Bürger, Florian Hammerle
OBJECTIVE: Changes in the DSM-5 eating disorders criteria sought to increase the clarity of the diagnostic categories and to decrease the preponderance of nonspecified eating disorders. The first objective of this study was to analyze how these revisions affect threshold and EDNOS/OSFED eating disorder diagnoses in terms of prevalence, sex ratios, and diagnostic distribution in a student sample. Second, we aimed to compare the impairment levels of participants with a threshold, an EDNOS/OSFED and no diagnosis using both DSM-IV and DSM-5...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963793/treatment-seeking-for-eating-disorders-results-from-a-nationally-representative-study
#8
Brittany K Bohrer, Ian A Carroll, Kelsie T Forbush, Po-Yi Chen
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders (EDs) are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, yet up to 45% of individuals with EDs never receive treatment for their eating-related problems. This study sought to identify whether comorbidity, suicidality, discrimination, family cohesion, employment status, income, sex, age, marital status, religious belongingness, and ED-specific variables (body mass index and past-year ED diagnoses) were associated with treatment seeking in a nationally representative sample of individuals with EDs (N = 595; 77...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962050/-assessment-of-body-related-avoidance-behaviour-validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-body-image-avoidance-questionnaire-biaq-in-adolescents-with-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-and-healthy-controls
#9
Beate Steinfeld, Manuel Waldorf, Anika Bauer, Thomas J Huber, Karsten Braks, Silja Vocks
Body image avoidance is conceptualised as a behavioural manifestation of body image disturbance, and describes efforts to avoid confrontation with one's own body. While studies have provided hints that body image avoidance in adulthood contributes to the development and maintenance of eating disorders, so far, there are no corresponding findings for adolescence. The Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire (BIAQ) is the most widely used international questionnaire for measuring body-related avoidance behaviour. As its German version has only been validated in an adult sample, the aim of the present study is to statistically test the questionnaire in adolescents with eating disorders...
September 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960604/an-adjunctive-multi-family-group-intervention-with-or-without-patient-participation-during-an-inpatient-treatment-for-adolescents-with-an-eating-disorder-a-pilot-study
#10
Lies Depestele, Laurence Claes, Eva Dierckx, Roos Colman, Katrien Schoevaerts, Gilbert M D Lemmens
This study reports on a pilot study of a family group intervention with or without patient participation adjunctive to a specialized inpatient treatment for eating disorders (EDs). Participants were 112 female adolescent ED inpatients and one or both of their parents. The parents were invited to participate in an adjunctive multi-family group with patient (MFT) or in a similar multi-parent group without patient participation (MPT). Questionnaires assessing ED symptoms, family functioning and caregiving experiences were administered before and after intervention...
September 29, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953800/perception-of-body-image-in-early-adolescence-an-investigation-in-secondary-schools
#11
Maria Rosaria Juli
INTRODUCTION: The clinical evidence shows that the onset of eating disorders is increasing in the prepubescent phase or even in childhood. Already starting from the prepubescence the certainties related to the body start to unwind and the individual is encouraged to build new ones, based both on the anatomic transformation of his/her own body and on the social expectation according to the identity. The onset of a Eating Disorders is normally between 13 and 25 years, but in the last years we recorded a lowering in the onset threshold to an age between 11 and 13 years, with some earlier cases at 7 years (Franzoni et al...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952394/assessment-of-parental-knowledge-and-understanding-of-eating-disorders
#12
Amanda E Bryson, Erik B Lehman, Sarah M Iriana, Susan E Lane-Loney, Rollyn M Ornstein
Recommended treatment of adolescent eating disorders includes active parental involvement. The purpose of this study was to assess baseline parental knowledge and understanding of eating disorders and how it is affected by participation in treatment. A cross-sectional and prospective cohort study comparing the parents of children ages 8 to 18 years seeking initial evaluation for an eating disorder at an adolescent medicine clinic (ED) to those attending appointments at a general pediatrics clinic (GP) was performed utilizing a 20-item questionnaire...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948663/a-pilot-multicentre-pragmatic-randomised-trial-to-explore-the-impact-of-carer-skills-training-on-carer-and-patient-behaviours-testing-the-cognitive-interpersonal-model-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#13
John Hodsoll, Charlotte Rhind, Nadia Micali, Rebecca Hibbs, Elizabeth Goddard, Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Ulrike Schmidt, Simon Gowers, Pamela Macdonald, Gillian Todd, Sabine Landau, Janet Treasure
AIM: The aim of the study is to establish the acceptability, feasibility and approximate size of the effect of adding a carer intervention [Experienced Caregivers Helping Others (ECHO)] to treatment as usual (TAU) for adolescents with anorexia nervosa. METHODS: The study is a pilot randomised trial comparing TAU (n = 50) alone or TAU plus ECHO with (n = 50) or without (n = 49) telephone guidance. Effect sizes (ESs) were regression coefficients standardised by baseline standard deviations of measure...
September 25, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945463/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-are-associated-with-overeating-with-and-without-loss-of-control-in-youth-with-overweight-obesity
#14
Amy Heard Egbert, Denise E Wilfley, Kamryn T Eddy, Kerri N Boutelle, Nancy Zucker, Carol B Peterson, Angela Celio Doyle, Daniel Le Grange, Andrea B Goldschmidt
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and loss of control (LOC) eating, both prevalent in children and adolescents, may be related to one another. However, the relationship between ADHD and overeating without LOC has been largely unexamined, thus precluding an understanding of the independent contributions of LOC and episode size in these associations. The current study sought to examine associations between ADHD symptoms and maladaptive eating by evaluating three different types of eating episodes characterized by the presence/absence of LOC and the amount of food consumed: objectively large LOC episodes [objective binge eating (OBE)], subjectively large binge episodes [subjective binge eating (SBE)], and objectively large overeating episodes without LOC [objective overeating (OO)]...
September 25, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942809/reduced-inferior-and-orbital-frontal-thickness-in-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa-persists-over-two-year-follow-up
#15
Marilyn Cyr, Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Seonjoo Lee, Chen Chen, Mihaela Stefan, Martine Fontaine, Kate Terranova, Laura A Berner, Rachel Marsh
OBJECTIVE: Cross-sectional data suggest functional and anatomical disturbances in inferior and orbital frontal regions in bulimia nervosa (BN). Using longitudinal data, we investigated whether reduced cortical thickness (CT) in these regions arises early and persists over adolescence in BN, independent of symptom remission, and whether CT reductions are markers of BN symptoms. METHOD: A total of 33 adolescent females with BN symptoms (BN or other specified feeding or eating disorder) and 28 healthy adolescents participated in this study...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915806/family-based-intervention-in-adolescent-restrictive-eating-disorders-early-treatment-response-and-low-weight-suppression-is-associated-with-favourable-one-year-outcome
#16
Ingemar Swenne, Thomas Parling, Helena Salonen Ros
BACKGROUND: Family-based treatments are first-line treatments for adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (ED) but have to be improved since outcome is poor for some. We have investigated the one-year outcome of a family-based intervention programme with defined and decisive interventions at the start of treatment. METHOD: Data pertaining 201 adolescents with restrictive ED with features of anorexia nervosa but not fulfilling the weight criterion starting treatment 2010-2015, had a wide range of body mass index (BMI) and of weight loss at presentation, and completed a one-year follow-up was analysed...
September 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915110/diet-quality-of-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#17
Alexis Santiago, Jacqueline Zimmerman, Ronald Feinstein, Martin Fisher
Purpose To compare the nutritional intake of adolescents with eating disorders (EDs) to recommended Daily Values of macronutrients and micronutrients, using the Nutrition Data Systems for Research (NDSR); to determine if nutritional content varied among the different sub-types of EDs; and to use the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) as a measurement of diet quality in this population. Methods Forty-six adolescents referred to an ED Program were recruited for inclusion in this study. A detailed 24-h dietary recall from each participant was obtained and a detailed nutritional analysis was generated, allowing for calculation of the HEI-2010...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913823/dietary-patterns-as-a-red-flag-for-higher-risk-of-eating-disorders-among-female-teenagers-with-and-without-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-adolescents-with-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-are-a-risk-factor-for-eating-disorders-a-case-control-study
#18
Ruth Bartelli Grigolon, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Mireille Coelho Almeida, Denise Claudino Achôa, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
BACKGROUND: Female adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) have an increased risk of developing eating disorders (ED) due to the dietary recommendations. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the association between dietary intake and increased risk of ED. METHODS: Case-control study with 50 T1DM female adolescents (11-16 years) and 100 healthy peers (CG). Measures included food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-PP), Child-EDE.12, economic and anthropometric data...
September 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905482/energy-drink-consumption-among-new-zealand-adolescents-associations-with-mental-health-health-risk-behaviours-and-body-size
#19
Jennifer Utter, Simon Denny, Tasileta Teevale, Janie Sheridan
AIM: With the increase in popularity of energy drinks come multiple concerns about the associated health indicators of young people. The current study aims to describe the frequency of consumption of energy drinks in a nationally representative sample of adolescents and to explore the relationship between energy drink consumption and health risk behaviours, body size and mental health. METHODS: Data were collected as part of Youth'12, a nationally representative survey of high school students in New Zealand (2012)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898708/cue-exposure-therapy-reduces-overeating-of-exposed-and-non-exposed-foods-in-obese-adolescents
#20
Ghislaine Schyns, Anne Roefs, Fren T Y Smulders, Anita Jansen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study tested whether two sessions of food cue exposure therapy reduced eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), specified for exposed and non-exposed food, in overweight and obese adolescents, and whether habituation of food cue reactivity and reduced CS-US expectancies predicted a decrease in EAH. METHODS: 41 overweight adolescents (aged 12-18 years) were randomly assigned to a cue exposure intervention or a lifestyle intervention (control condition)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
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