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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674372/obesity-and-eating-disorders-in-integrative-prevention-programmes-for-adolescents-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Ana Carolina Barco Leme, Debbe Thompson, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Theresa Nicklas, Sonia Tucunduva Philippi, Tabbetha Lopez, Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Tom Baranowski
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and eating disorders are public health problems that have lifelong financial and personal costs and common risk factors, for example, body dissatisfaction, weight teasing and disordered eating. Obesity prevention interventions might lead to the development of an eating disorder since focusing on weight may contribute to excessive concern with diet and weight. Therefore, the proposed research will assess whether integrating obesity and eating disorder prevention procedures ('integrated approach') do better than single approach interventions in preventing obesity among adolescents, and if integrated approaches influence weight-related outcomes...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673720/-study-of-parental-bonding-in-childhood-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#2
A M H Albinhac, F A M Jean, M P Bouvard
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa constitutes a severe and complex eating disorder occurring principally in adolescence. It is one of the most deadly psychiatric disorders. Considering the multifactorial nature of anorexia nervosa, the important place of the family and the growing interest in the theory of attachment in eating disorders, parental bonding is questioned in anorexia nervosa. The main study goal is to analyze parental bonding in a population of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671779/exercise-caution-questions-to-ask-adolescents-who-may-exercise-too-hard
#3
Emma Forsén Mantilla, Johanna Levallius, Elin Monell, Andreas Birgegård
When the primary goal of exercise is to compensate for food intake and to alter body shape and weight, it is considered compulsive and may be harmful. Compulsive exercise (CE) is important in the pathogenesis of eating disorders (EDs). Many healthy adolescents engage in CE too, and this may indicate a risk for EDs. Our aim was to learn more about ED risk factors tied to CE and to try to isolate questions to ask in order to probe for high ED risk in adolescents engaging in CE. Using two well-established instruments (the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior and the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire), we studied associations between ED variables and CE in healthy adolescent boys and girls...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668146/-adolescents-suffering-from-anorexia-nervosa-an-evidence-based-approach-of-the-parent-s-role-in-2018
#4
Sophie Vust, Solange Cook-Darzens, Françoise Lier, Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin
A new paradigm in the management of adolescents with eating disorders promotes different treatment orientations aiming at increasing therapeutic effectiveness as well as offering a more integrated and coherent care for families. Particular attention is given to the process of refeeding to avoid the severe somatic sequelae of eating disorder and the risk of a chronic course for a disorder which is well known for its « addictive » power and influence. The parents and the need for a strong alliance with the healthcare team stand at the centre of this new paradigm...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656932/a-higher-calorie-refeeding-protocol-does-not-increase-adverse-outcomes-in-adult-patients-with-eating-disorders
#5
Kylie Matthews, Jan Hill, Shane Jeffrey, Susan Patterson, Amanda Davis, Warren Ward, Michelle Palmer, Sandra Capra
BACKGROUND: Patients with eating disorders (EDs) are often considered a high-risk population to refeed. Current research advises using "start low, go slow" refeeding methods (∼1,000 kcal/day, advancing ∼500 kcal/day every 3 to 4 days) in adult patients with severe EDs to prevent the development of refeeding syndrome (RFS), typically characterized by decreases in serum electrolyte levels and fluid shifts. OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of RFS and related outcomes using a low-calorie protocol (LC) (1,000 kcal) or a higher-calorie protocol (HC) (1,500 kcal) in medically compromised adult patients with EDs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651268/sociocultural-appearance-standards-and-risk-factors-for-eating-disorders-in-adolescents-and-women-of-various-ages
#6
Bernadetta Izydorczyk, Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska
The main aim of the present study was to verify the level of impact of sociocultural appearance standards (passive awareness and active internalization) have on body dissatisfaction, the desire to engage in a relentless pursuit of thinness, the adoption of a perfectionistic attitude toward the body, and the development of a tendency to engage in bulimic eating behavior, which can develop in adolescent girls and women of varying ages. The study group comprised 234 individuals: 95 secondary school girls, 33 high school girls, 56 female students, and 50 employed women, all of whom were living in southern Poland...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590149/increased-ethanol-consumption-after-interruption-of-fat-bingeing
#7
M Carmen Blanco-Gandía, José Miñarro, Maria Asuncion Aguilar, Marta Rodríguez-Arias
There is a marked comorbidity between alcohol abuse and eating disorders, especially in the young population. We have previously reported that bingeing on fat during adolescence increases the rewarding effects of ethanol (EtOH). The aim of the present work was to study if vulnerability to EtOH persists after cessation of binge eating. OF1 mice binged on fat (HFB: high-fat binge) during adolescence (PND 25-43) and were tested for 15 days after the last access to HFB (on PND 59) using the self-administration paradigm, the conditioned place preference (CPP) and locomotor sensitization to ethanol...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588986/young-people-with-epilepsy-have-an-increased-risk-of-eating-disorder-and-poor-quality-diet
#8
Eivind Kolstad, Marte Bjørk, Nils Erik Gilhus, Kristin Alfstad, Jocelyn Clench-Aas, Morten Lossius
Objective: To investigate whether adolescents with epilepsy are at increased risk of having self-reported eating disorder symptoms and poor quality diet compared to young people from the general population. Methods: We used data from the Health Profile for Children and Youth in Akershus Study, a cross-sectional population-based study based on a voluntary self-reported questionnaire. There were 19,995 participants (response rate 85%) aged 13-19 years; 247 (1.2%) reported a lifetime diagnosis of epilepsy...
March 2018: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588853/disordered-eating-in-a-swedish-community-sample-of-adolescent-girls-subgroups-stability-and-associations-with-body-esteem-deliberate-self-harm-and-other-difficulties
#9
Njördur Viborg, Margit Wångby-Lundh, Lars-Gunnar Lundh, Ulf Wallin, Per Johnsson
Background: The developmental study of subtypes of disordered eating (DE) during adolescence may be relevant to understand the development of eating disorders. The purpose of the present study was to identify subgroups with different profiles of DE in a community sample of adolescent girls aged 13-15 years, and to study the stability of these profiles and subgroups over a one-year interval in order to find patterns that may need to be addressed in further research and prevention. Methods: Cluster analysis according to the LICUR procedure was performed on five aspects of DE, and the structural and individual stability of these clusters was analysed...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577512/cognitive-remediation-therapy-crt-in-a-specialist-inpatient-eating-disorder-service-for-children-and-adolescents-can-crt-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Lucia Giombini, Sophie Nesbitt, Hannah Cox, Anna Foxall, Teo Sharia, Abigail Easter, Kate Tchanturia
INTRODUCTION: Research on treatments for young people (YP) with anorexia nervosa (AN) is scarce. Evidence supports the use of cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) to improve central coherence and set-shifting, inefficiencies that can negatively impact on prognosis. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate the feasibility of individual CRT in an inpatient setting for YP aged 10-18 years with AN and to qualitatively examine YP's and their parents experiences. METHOD: In a single-centre, pilot, randomised controlled trial, 80 patients aged 10-18 years with AN will be randomly allocated to the immediate or delayed CRT group, in addition to standard treatment...
March 26, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568108/lifestyle-of-women-before-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-offspring-obesity-during-childhood-through-early-adulthood
#11
Klodian Dhana, Geng Zong, Changzheng Yuan, Eva Schernhammer, Cuilin Zhang, Xiaobin Wang, Frank B Hu, Jorge E Chavarro, Alison E Field, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: In women, adhering to an overall healthy lifestyle is associated with a dramatically reduced risk of cardio-metabolic disorders. Whether such a healthy lifestyle exerts an intergenerational effects on child health deserves examination. METHODS: We included 5701 children (9-14 years old at baseline) of the Growing Up Today Study 2, and their mothers, who are participants in the Nurses' Health Study II. Pre-pregnancy healthy lifestyle was defined as a normal body mass index, no smoking, physical activity ≥150 min/week, and diet in the top 40% of the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559184/abusive-alcohol-consumption-among-adolescents-a-predictive-model-for-maximizing-early-detection-and-responses
#12
M de Freitas Ferreira, C L de Moraes, J U Braga, M E Reichenheim, G V da Veiga
OBJECTIVE: To present a predictive model of alcohol abuse among adolescents based on prevalence projections in various population subgroups. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The sample consisted of 785 adolescents enrolled in the second year of high school in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Alcohol consumption was assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test. Socio-economic, demographic, family, individuals, and school-related variables were examined as potential predictors...
March 17, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550905/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-eating-disorder-symptoms-among-adolescent-boys-and-girls-in-the-uk
#13
Jerel P Calzo, S Bryn Austin, Nadia Micali
Much of the research on sexual orientation disparities in eating disorder behaviors has been conducted in the USA, Canada, and Australia. Data on the associations of sexual orientation and eating disorder symptoms among adolescents in the UK are lacking. Participants were children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a youth cohort born 1991-1992 (n = 5048; 53% female; 12% sexual minority). Sexual orientation was assessed at 16 years. Eating disorder symptoms were assessed at 14 and 16 years...
March 17, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547961/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-caregiver-burden-inventory-in-children-and-adolescents-with-pans
#14
Cristan Farmer, Margo Thienemann, Collin Leibold, Gabrielle Kamalani, Bethany Sauls, Jennifer Frankovich
Objectives: To establish the psychometric properties of the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) in patients with Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS), which is characterized by the abrupt onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder and/or restricted eating and at least two additional psychiatric symptoms. Parents of patients with PANS have reported high caregiver burden. However, no validated instrument of burden exists for this population. Methods: Study took place at a community-based PANS clinic where the CBI is administered as part of routine clinical care...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547826/self-differentiation-and-eating-disorders-in-early-and-middle-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-path-analysis
#15
Karyn Doba, Guillaume Berna, Emilie Constant, Jean-Louis Nandrino
This study examines the impact of self-differentiation, alexithymia and psychological distress on eating disorder symptoms in young and middle adolescence. Four hundred fifty-one adolescents completed self-report measures. Early and middle adolescents were categorized into two groups (12-14 years and 15-17 years) to represent distinct developmental stages. Significant differences were found between younger and older adolescents. The association between low self-differentiation and both eating disorders symptoms and psychological dimensions related to eating attitudes was stronger in early adolescence than in middle adolescence...
March 7, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542177/associations-of-parents-self-child-and-other-fat-talk-with-child-eating-behaviors-and-weight
#16
Janet A Lydecker, Kristen E Riley, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Fat talk, negative communication about weight, is common in the media, peer groups, and families. Little is known about parental fat talk directed at oneself or others. This study examined associations between different forms of parental fat talk and child disordered eating behaviors and weight, and differences by child sex and age. METHOD: Parents of preadolescents or adolescents (n = 581) reported fat talk about themselves (self-fat talk), others (obesity-fat talk), and their child (child-fat talk)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538269/erythema-ab-igne-in-an-adolescent-with-chronic-pain-an-alarming-cutaneous-eruption-from-heat-exposure
#17
Sabrina Gmuca, JiaDe Yu, Pamela F Weiss, James R Treat, David D Sherry
Erythema ab igne (EAI) is a cutaneous finding caused by prolonged heat exposure and is characterized by a reticular, brownish-pigmented, often telangiectatic dermatosis. The eruption is reminiscent of livedo reticularis, which is typically seen in the setting of a number of rheumatologic conditions, most prominently vasculitis. Identification of key features distinguishing EAI from livedo reticularis can aid in the diagnosis of EAI and correct elucidation of the underlying etiology. Our patient presented with heating pad-induced EAI in the setting of chronic pain...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529472/construct-validity-and-parent-child-agreement-of-the-six-new-or-modified-disorders-included-in-the-spanish-version-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-present-and-lifetime-version-dsm-5-k-sads-pl-5
#18
Francisco R de la Peña, Marcos F Rosetti, Andrés Rodríguez-Delgado, Lino R Villavicencio, Juan D Palacio, Cecilia Montiel, Pablo A Mayer, Fernando J Félix, Marcela Larraguibel, Laura Viola, Silvia Ortiz, Sofía Fernández, Aurora Jaímes, Miriam Feria, Liz Sosa, Lino Palacios-Cruz, Rosa E Ulloa
Changes to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition (DSM-5) incorporate the inclusion or modification of six disorders: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder, Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder and Binge Eating Disorder. The objectives of this study were to assess the construct validity and parent-child agreement of these six disorders in the Spanish language Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL-5) in a clinical population of children and adolescents from Latin America...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528678/network-analysis-of-pediatric-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-a-treatment-seeking-transdiagnostic-sample
#19
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Markus Moessner, Kelsie T Forbush, Erin C Accurso, Daniel Le Grange
Classifying eating disorders in youth is challenging in light of developmental considerations and high rates of diagnostic migration. Understanding the transactional relationships among eating disorder symptoms, both across the transdiagnostic spectrum and within specific diagnostic categories, may clarify which core eating disorder symptoms contribute to, and maintain, eating-related psychopathology in youth. We utilized network analysis to investigate interrelationships among eating disorder symptoms in 636 treatment-seeking children and adolescents (90...
February 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522978/bmi-and-disordered-eating-in-urban-african-american-adolescent-girls-the-mediating-role-of-body-dissatisfaction
#20
Stacy Buckingham-Howes, Bridget Armstrong, Megan C Pejsa-Reitz, Yan Wang, Dawn O Witherspoon, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the mediating role of body dissatisfaction between Body Mass Index (BMI) and subsequent disordered eating (e.g. dieting and restricting/purging) among early adolescent African American girls. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included 701 African American girls in 6th and 7th grades in urban schools serving low-income communities, mean age 12.15 (SD = 0.72) years. Participants were assessed at baseline and approximately 6 months later...
February 28, 2018: Eating Behaviors
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