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adolescent eating disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802303/body-image-weight-management-behavior-nutritional-knowledge-and-dietary-habits-in-high-school-boys-in-korea-and-china
#1
Hwajin Hyun, Hongmie Lee, Yoona Ro, Heewon L Gray, Kyunghee Song
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is an important period with rapid physical growth transitioning from childhood to adulthood. Distorted body image can result in eating disorders or inadequate nutrient intakes in adolescence. Limited research has been done with high school boys in both Korea and China. OBJECTIVES: To examine body image, weight control behaviors, nutritional knowledge, and dietary habits in Korean and Chinese teenage boys, and to evaluate any differences in these measures between two countries...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801943/utilizing-telehealth-to-deliver-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Kristen E Anderson, Catherine E Byrne, Ross D Crosby, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and preliminary effect size on the main outcome measure (weight gain) of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and their families delivered via a Telehealth platform (i.e., an HIPAA compliant videoconferencing format). METHOD: Ten adolescents, mean age of 16.08 years (SD = 1.99), meeting DSM-5 criteria for AN or atypical AN, were enrolled in the study and offered FBT via a Telehealth platform...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800753/efficacy-of-a-prevention-program-for-eating-disorders-in-schools-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Antje Gumz, Angelika Weigel, Anne Daubmann, Karl Wegscheider, Georg Romer, Bernd Löwe
BACKGROUND: Previous prevention programs in the school context have not addressed both genders, have been time-consuming, or have had deficits in the evaluation method. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of a universal prevention program for female and male adolescents on eating disorder pathology and related risk factors. METHODS: Between February 2012 and July 2014, 2515 students in 23 schools from 8th or 11th grade were assessed for eligibility in this longitudinal cluster-randomized controlled trial with a six months follow-up...
August 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795004/the-female-athlete-triad-special-considerations-for-adolescent-female-athletes
#4
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Aditya V Dewoolkar, Nicole Baker, Colleen Dodich
The number of adolescent girls participating in sports has dramatically increased throughout the last few decades. In the early 1990's, an association between amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating was recognized and eventually labeled the 'Female Athlete Triad'. In 1997, the Task Force on Women's Issues of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a position statement on this triad of conditions that were becoming increasingly more prevalent amongst female athletes. Initially, the 'Female Athlete Triad' was characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791886/-facets-of-body-image-disorder-a-differential-analysis-of-the-tek-kj-test-for-the-detection-of-body-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-for-the-direct-measurement-of-haptic-perceptual-parts
#5
Julian Rupp, Arne Bürger, Florian Hammerle
There is presently a lack of instruments that measure the haptic-perceptive component of body-image distortion – a central criterion for the eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. We present a differential analysis for the Test for Body Image Distortion in Children and Adolescents (BID-CA, German: TEK-KJ) using a large child and adolescents sample, including for the first time male participants. We analyze convergent validity with the Contour Drawing Rating Scale (CDRS) as well as differences between children and adolescents from different type of schools and different BMI percentile groups...
August 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777175/non-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-and-overlap-parasomnias
#6
Muna Irfan, Carlos H Schenck, Michael J Howell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the spectrum of non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep parasomnias, including sleepwalking, confusional arousals, and sleep terrors, which represent the range of phenotypic disorders of arousal from non-REM sleep that occurs in children and adults. RECENT FINDINGS: The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition (ICSD-3) classifies parasomnias according to the sleep stage they emerge from: REM, non-REM, or other...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777106/treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#7
Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research on the multimodal treatment of eating disorders in child and adolescent psychiatry has yielded a significant increase in randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews. This review aims to present relevant findings published during the last 2 years related to medical and psychological treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). RECENT FINDINGS: For anorexia nervosa, recent reports described the efficacy of different treatment settings, lengths of hospital stay and high vs...
August 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770423/perceived-social-support-for-exercise-and-weight-loss-in-adolescents-undergoing-sleeve-gastrectomy
#8
Eleanor Race Mackey, Alexandra Olson, Stephanie Merwin, Jichuan Wang, Evan P Nadler
OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for youth with severe obesity. However, outcomes are variable and there remains sparse understanding of predictors of weight loss following surgery. The current study examines the role of adolescent-reported pre-operative social support around exercise, binge eating, and exercise to predict excess body mass index (EBMI) loss from 3 to 12 months post-surgery. METHOD: Participants were 101 adolescents ages 12-21 (M age = 16...
August 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770090/relational-containment-exploring-the-effect-of-family-based-treatment-for-anorexia-on-familial-relationships
#9
Andrew Wallis, Paul Rhodes, Lisa Dawson, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Sloane Madden, Stephen Touyz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate the process of familial relationship change for adolescents with anorexia nervosa and their parents, who participated in Family-Based Treatment (FBT). METHOD: A Constructionist grounded theory design was employed with purposive sampling. Sixteen young people between 12 and 18 years with a good outcome in FBT and twenty-eight of their parents participated. Young people and their parents took part in separate interviews at the end of treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757148/transdiagnostic-psychiatric-disorder-risk-associated-with-early-age-of-menarche-a-latent-modeling-approach
#10
Jonathan M Platt, Natalie L Colich, Katie A McLaughlin, Dahsan Gary, Katherine M Keyes
BACKGROUND: Earlier age of pubertal maturation in females is associated with increased risk for mental health problems in adolescence, compared with on-time or later maturation. However, most investigations of pubertal timing and mental health consider risk for individual disorders and fail to account for comorbidity. A latent-modeling approach using a large, nationally representative sample could better explain the transdiagnostic nature of the consequences of early-onset puberty. METHODS: Data on age of menarche and mental disorders were drawn from a population-representative sample of adolescents (n=4925), ages 13-17...
July 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751532/attempted-suicide-among-adolescents-in-mexico-prevalence-and-associated-factors-at-the-national-level
#11
Rosario Valdez-Santiago, Elisa Hidalgo Solórzano, Mariana Mojarro Iñiguez, Leticia Ávila Burgos, Hugo Gómez Hernández, Ángela Martínez González
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated factors of attempted suicide (AS) in a sample of Mexican adolescents between 10 and 19 years of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012 by its initials in Spanish). Based on multi-stage stratified probability sampling, ENSANUT 2012 canvassed 50 528 households including 21 519 adolescents. A logistic regression model was used to identify the factors associated with AS...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747934/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-an-11-year-old-south-american-boy-medical-and-cultural-challenges
#12
Jonah Schermbrucker, Melissa Kimber, Natasha Johnson, Sarah Kearney, Jennifer Couturier
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is new in the DSM-5, replacing the DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of Feeding Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood. ARFID has no age criterion, and therefore addresses eating disturbances across the lifespan. This report illustrates the case of an 11-year-old boy of Colombian ancestry with ARFID and explores the role of culture in the diagnosis of ARFID. To date, literature describing this disorder is limited. ARFID is often seen in the child and adolescent population and can have significant medical consequences, including weight loss, hemodynamic instability, and growth retardation...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747932/prescribing-practices-of-quetiapine-for-insomnia-at-a-tertiary-care-inpatient-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-unit-a-continuous-quality-improvement-project
#13
Elaine Stephanie Chow, Azadeh Zangeneh-Kazemi, Olabode Akintan, Elizabeth Chow-Tung, Alan Eppel, Khrista Boylan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prescribing practices of quetiapine for insomnia at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatric inpatient unit. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all admissions in 2013 involving night-time only prescription of quetiapine. We examined patient demographics, discharge diagnoses, physician's written indications for prescriptions, and maximum doses used. If used for insomnia only, we noted any documentation of past sedative trials, concurrent prescriptions of other sedative agents, whether quetiapine was started in hospital or continued as a part of a community regimen, and whether quetiapine was continued on discharge...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747930/parental-involvement-and-child-and-adolescent-eating-disorders-perspectives-from-residents-in-psychiatry-pediatrics-and-family-medicine
#14
Tamara Davidson Marcon, Laura Girz, Amanda Stillar, Carole Tessier, Adele Lafrance
OBJECTIVES: Best practice guidelines encourage the involvement of parents in the assessment and treatment of child/adolescent eating disorders (ED). This study investigated medical residents' perspectives regarding parental involvement as well as their expectations for future practice in the assessment and treatment of ED. METHOD: Five hundred and eighty-four medical residents from 17 Canadian residency programs specializing in family medicine, pediatrics, and psychiatry completed a web-based survey...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747331/assessing-the-causal-role-of-adiposity-on-disordered-eating-in-childhood-adolescence-and-adulthood-a-mendelian-randomization-analysis
#15
Zoe E Reed, Nadia Micali, Cynthia M Bulik, George Davey Smith, Kaitlin H Wade
Background: Observational studies have shown that higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased risk of developing disordered eating patterns. However, the causal direction of this relation remains ambiguous.Objective: We used Mendelian randomization (MR) to infer the direction of causality between BMI and disordered eating in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.Design: MR analyses were conducted with a genetic score as an instrumental variable for BMI to assess the causal effect of BMI at age 7 y on disordered eating patterns at age 13 y with the use of data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) (n = 4473)...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745464/elite-athletes-and-pubertal-delay
#16
Karina Kapczuk
Intensive physical training and participation in competitive sports during childhood and early adolescence may affect athletes' pubertal development. On the other hand, pubertal timing, early or late, may impact on an athlete selection for a particular sport. Genetic predisposition, training load, nutritional status and psychological stress determine athletes' pubertal timing. Athletes that practice esthetic sports, especially gymnasts, are predisposed to a delay in pubertal development. The growing evidence indicates that energy deficiency, not a systemic training per se, plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of functional hypothalamic hypogonadism in female athletes...
October 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745388/suicidal-ideation-and-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#17
Olalla Varela-Besteiro, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Virginia Rodríguez-Vicente, Marta Curet-Santisteban, Gemma Conangla-Roselló, Raquel Cecilia-Costa, Marta Carulla-Roig, Josep L Matalí-Costa, Montserrat Dolz-Abadia
INTRODUCTION: The presence of suicidal thoughts and self-injurious behaviors in patients with eating disorders (ED) is well-known; however, this association is currently not defined empirically. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and self-harm in adolescents with eating disorders. A second objective is to study the association between self-injurious behavior and suicidal ideation, severity of eating disorder symptoms and symptoms of depression and anxiety, motivation to change and perfectionism...
July 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734322/association-between-childhood-to-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-trajectories-and-late-adolescent-disordered-eating
#18
Zeynep Yilmaz, Kristin N Javaras, Jessica H Baker, Laura M Thornton, Paul Lichtenstein, Cynthia M Bulik, Henrik Larsson
PURPOSE: Disordered eating is more prevalent among adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms show strong associations with disordered eating, but few investigations of these associations have been longitudinal. Thus, we examined the effect of childhood to adolescent inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories on late adolescent disordered eating. METHODS: We used growth mixture modeling to identify distinct inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories (called "classes") across three time points (ages 8-9, 13-14, and 16-17 years) in the Swedish Twin study of CHild and Adolescent Development...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730557/extrinsic-religious-orientation-and-disordered-eating-pathology-among-modern-orthodox-israeli-adolescents-the-mediating-role-of-adherence-to-the-superwoman-ideal-and-body-dissatisfaction
#19
Sarah L Weinberger-Litman, Yael Latzer, Leib Litman, Rachel Ozick
The role of religious and spiritual factors has been recognized with regard to risk factors for disordered eating pathology (DEP). Specifically, religious orientation, or underlying religious motivation, has been associated with DEP among a variety of religious groups. Extrinsic religious orientation has consistently been found to be associated with increased levels of DEP among Christians and Jews in the USA. However, this paradigm has not been investigated cross-culturally. The current study is the first to examine the association of extrinsic religious orientation and DEP among Modern Orthodox Israeli adolescents...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714581/psychometric-evaluation-and-norms-for-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness-maia-in-a-clinical-eating-disorders-sample
#20
Tiffany A Brown, Laura A Berner, Michelle D Jones, Erin E Reilly, Anne Cusack, Leslie K Anderson, Walter H Kaye, Christina E Wierenga
Altered interoceptive awareness (IA) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eating disorders; however, few comprehensive self-report measures of IA exist in eating disorders. The present study sought to validate the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), originally developed to assess IA in individuals practicing mind-body therapies, in an eating disorder sample. Adult and adolescent patients (n = 376) completed assessments upon admission to a partial hospital programme. Analyses examined the factor structure of the MAIA, scale means, scale-scale correlations, internal consistency and construct validity...
July 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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