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adolescent eating disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426583/-use-of-new-technologies-by-adolescents-in-the-search-for-health-information
#1
Minerva Blázquez Barba, Dolores Gómez Romero, Isidora Frontaura Fernández, Abdón Camacho Ojeda, Francisco M Rodríguez Salas, Higinio Toriz Cano
OBJECTIVE: To describe Internet sources used by adolescents to consult health information and their sociodemographic characteristics, as well as to identify the variables that influence the choice of Internet site. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Survey adapted from the questionnaire validated by Rideout. PARTICIPANTS AND LOCATION: Adolescents aged 12-18 from 4schools in rural municipalities. RESULTS: The study included a total of 405 adolescents, of whom 51...
February 6, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413818/drunkorexia-among-adolescents-the-role-of-motivations-and-emotion-regulation
#2
Sara Pompili, Fiorenzo Laghi
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of disordered eating and alcohol use and misuse has frequently been highlighted in literature. METHOD: The first aim of the present study was to examine the association of drunkorexia with various disordered eating behaviors and alcohol consumption in a sample of male and female adolescents. The second goal was to investigate the motivations underlying drunkorexia and the third goal was to examine the relationship between drunkorexia and different dimensions of emotion regulation...
January 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413810/transdiagnostic-vs-disorder-focused-perspective-in-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders-findings-from-a-large-multisite-exploratory-study
#3
O Curzio, S Maestro, G Rossi, S Calderoni, L Giombini, S Scardigli, L Dalla Ragione, F Muratori
BACKGROUND: The transdiagnostic model of eating disorders (ED) proposes common cognitive mechanisms in patients with ED psychopathology. Little is known about their role in the maintenance of ED in children and adolescents. This study aimed to determine whether the relationships between key factors (low self-esteem, weight and shape control, clinical perfectionism, interpersonal problems, distress and mood instability) and core maintaining mechanisms (binge-eating and restraint) would support a transdiagnostic theory in young patients...
February 5, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410705/body-image-perceptions-and-symptoms-of-disturbed-eating-behavior-among-children-and-adolescents-in-germany
#4
Kathrin Schuck, Simone Munsch, Silvia Schneider
Theoretical background: Body image distortions such as perception biases are assumed to be precursors of eating disorders (ED). This study aims to investigate body image perceptions and symptoms of disturbed eating behavior among a sample of 11-17 year-old students in Germany. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was carried out among 1524 students of twelve secondary schools from all school types in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany). A naturalistic photograph-rating consisting of photographs of young women's bodies was used to examine children's perceptions of female bodies (i...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409340/exercise-addiction-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-validation-of-a-youth-version-of-the-exercise-addiction-inventory
#5
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407562/sex-of-sexual-partners-and-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-south-korean-adolescents
#6
Kimberly Y Yu, Yongjoo Kim, Jerel P Calzo, Jordan A Levinson, S Bryn Austin
Eating disorders are a serious and life-threatening health issue associated with physical and mental health problems. Stigma associated with sexual orientation is thought to be one contributor to eating disorders symptoms in U.S. adolescents. Additional research on disordered weight control behaviors in diverse populations is needed to better understand their etiology. To examine the association of sex of sexual partners with disordered weight control behaviors among South Korean adolescents, we analyzed survey data from 67,266 adolescents, ages 12-18 years, from the 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey...
February 1, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394459/treatment-of-co-occurring-food-avoidance-and-alcohol-use-disorder-in-an-adult-possible-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#7
Eloisa Steen, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: This case report details the presentation and treatment of a 42-year-old male self-presenting for treatment who reported having been a restrictive eater since childhood; since adolescence he had failed to meet appropriate nutritional intake with one meal at night followed by around 10-20 standard alcoholic drinks. METHOD: Ten sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy were offered emphasizing the need to adhere to regular eating patterns in conjunction with significant reduction of binge drinking...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389146/mother-father-adolescent-triadic-concordance-and-discordance-on-home-environment-factors-and-adolescent-disordered-eating-behaviors
#8
Katharine Wickel Didericksen, Jerica M Berge, Peter J Hannan, Steven M Harris, Richard F MacLehose, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
INTRODUCTION: This study utilizes triadic data to examine the association between mother-father-adolescent concordance (agreement) and discordance (disagreement) on home environment factors (i.e., parental encouragement of dieting, family functioning) and adolescent unhealthy weight control behaviors and binge eating. METHOD: A subsample of adolescent-mother-father triads (n = 833; adolescents ages 10-22) from two coordinated population-based studies (EAT 2010 and F-EAT) were used...
February 1, 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384462/an-open-trial-targeting-emotional-eating-among-adolescents-with-overweight-or-obesity
#9
Kerri N Boutelle, Abby Braden, Stephanie Knatz-Peck, Leslie K Anderson, Kyung E Rhee
Emotional eating is associated with obesity and disordered eating in adolescents, and thus, is an important target for treatment. We developed a program called PEER (Preventing Emotional Eating Routines), which incorporates emotion regulation skills with behavioral weight loss and parenting techniques for adolescents who are overweight or obese (OW/OB) and their parent. This open label trial evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of the PEER program. Thirty adolescents who were OW/OB (86...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379325/a-narrative-review-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-adolescence-prevalence-impact-and-psychological-treatment-strategies
#10
REVIEW
Eleonora Marzilli, Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino
Binge eating disorder (BED) represents one of the most problematic clinical conditions among youths. Research has shown that the developmental stage of adolescence is a critical stage for the onset of eating disorders (EDs), with a peak prevalence of BED at the age of 16-17 years. Several studies among adults with BED have underlined that it is associated with a broad spectrum of negative consequences, including higher concern about shape and weight, difficulties in social functioning, and emotional-behavioral problems...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363993/the-contribution-of-social-media-to-body-dissatisfaction-eating-disorder-symptoms-and-anabolic-steroid-use-among-sexual-minority-men
#11
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Isabel Krug, Siân A McLean
Social media has been associated with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms among young women and adolescent girls. However, despite notable evidence of susceptibility to body image pressures, it remains unknown whether these associations generalize to sexual minority men. A nationwide sample of 2,733 sexual minority men completed an online survey advertised to Australian and New Zealand users of a popular dating app. Participants answered questions about how frequently they used 11 different social media platforms in addition to questions about their dating app use, body image, eating disorder symptoms, and anabolic steroids...
January 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341246/risk-factors-for-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-korean-adolescents-multilevel-analysis-of-the-korea-youth-risk-behavior-survey
#12
Yongjoo Kim, S Bryn Austin, S V Subramanian, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Debra L Franko, Rachel F Rodgers, Ichiro Kawachi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors for disordered weight control behaviors (DWCB) in South Korean adolescents at multiple levels, including individual, family, school, and geographic area. METHOD: We drew participants from the 11th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, conducted in 2015, with 65,529 adolescents (31,687 girls, 33,842 boys) aged 12-18 years. DWCB was defined as engaging in any of the following behaviors for weight control over the past month: fasting, one-food diet (eating only one food over an extended period of time for weight control), vomiting, and taking laxatives/diuretics/unprescribed diet pills...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334851/what-are-the-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-migraine-in-the-child-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-family-functioning-parenting-style-or-mom-s-psychiatric-symptoms
#13
Gozde Kandemir, Selma Tural Hesapcioglu, Aysegül N Citak Kurt
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric diagnoses, parenting style, family functioning among children and adolescents with migraine, and psychiatric symptoms of their mothers were examined. METHODS: The K-SADS and other measurements were used to assess psychiatric disorders in 50 children with migraine (aged 8-18) and matched 50 controls. RESULTS: At least one psychiatric disorder was diagnosed in 56% of the migraine group. The presence of any psychiatric disorder in children (odds ratio [OR] = 2...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331075/an-examination-of-the-clinical-outcomes-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-broad-autism-spectrum-traits-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-anorexia-nervosa-a-multi-centre-study
#14
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Vanessa Peynenburg, Charlotte Rhind, Rebecca Hibbs, Ulrike Schmidt, Simon Gowers, Pamela Macdonald, Elizabeth Goddard, Gillian Todd, Nadia Micali, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical outcomes of adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) comorbid with broad autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or ASD traits. METHOD: The developmental and well-being assessment and social aptitude scale were used to categorize adolescents and young adults with AN (N = 149) into those with ASD traits (N = 23), and those who also fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a possible/probable ASD (N = 6). We compared both eating disorders specific measures and broader outcome measures at intake and 12 months follow-up...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322687/abnormal-fronto-striatal-activation-as-a-marker-of-threshold-and-subthreshold-bulimia-nervosa
#15
Marilyn Cyr, Xiao Yang, Guillermo Horga, Rachel Marsh
This study aimed to determine whether functional disturbances in fronto-striatal control circuits characterize adolescents with Bulimia Nervosa (BN) spectrum eating disorders regardless of clinical severity. FMRI was used to assess conflict-related brain activations during performance of a Simon task in two samples of adolescents with BN symptoms compared with healthy adolescents. The BN samples differed in the severity of their clinical presentation, illness duration and age. Multi-voxel pattern analyses (MVPAs) based on machine learning were used to determine whether patterns of fronto-striatal activation characterized adolescents with BN spectrum disorders regardless of clinical severity, and whether accurate classification of less symptomatic adolescents (subthreshold BN; SBN) could be achieved based on patterns of activation in adolescents who met DSM5 criteria for BN...
January 10, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306819/psychometric-properties-of-the-purpose-in-life-test-and-age-related-differences-among-women-diagnosed-with-eating-disorders
#16
Joaquín García-Alandete, Montserrat Cañabate Ros, José Heliodoro Marco Salvador, Sandra Pérez Rodríguez
The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Purpose-In-Life Test (PIL), as well as the age-related differences in meaning in life in women diagnosed with eating disorders. Participants were 250 Spanish women diagnosed with eating disorders who ranged from 12 to 60 years old. Confirmatory Factor Analysis, descriptive analyses, estimation of the internal consistency of the PIL, correlations between the PIL and the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Overweight Preoccupation Scale (OPS), and Body Investment Scale (BIS), and age differences were calculated...
December 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282801/augmentative-approaches-in-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-restrictive-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Imogen Lim Richards, Anni Subar, Stephen Touyz, Paul Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature reporting outcomes of augmentative family-based treatment (FBT) interventions for adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (EDs). METHOD: Articles were identified through a systematic search of five electronic databases (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Database). RESULTS: Thirty articles were included, reporting on FBT augmentations featuring adjunctive treatment components, modified treatment structure and/or content with adherence to FBT principles, and adaptations allowing FBT delivery in different settings...
December 28, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280662/-influence-of-the-dance-discipline-on-body-image-distortion-and-dissatisfaction-in-preadolescents-adolescents-and-young-women-dancers
#18
Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, Miguel Kazarez, Francisco Esparza-Ros
BACKGROUND: Dance discipline could modulate the presence of alterations in body image, which is a factor relationship with eating disorders. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the body image distortion and dissatisfaction in student dancers based on dance discipline. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety-eight preadolescents, adolescents and young classical, contemporary and Spanish dancers took part in the study. Participants self-fulfilled the "silhouette scale for adolescents" in order to determine the perceived and ideal image...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259574/the-relationship-between-binge-eating-disorder-and-suicidality-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Chiara Conti, Roberta Lanzara, Mattia Scipioni, Marzia Iasenza, Maria T Guagnano, Mario Fulcheri
Background: We carried out a systematic review analyzing the relation between binge eating disorder (BED), a recent addition to the eating disorders in DSM-5, and suicidality (i.e., suicidal ideation or attempted and/or committed suicide) by synthesizing the relevant studies' qualitative data. Methods: We conducted, according to PRISMA guidelines, a systematic search of the literature on PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, PsycINFO, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect. Search terms were "binge eating disorder" combined with the "AND" Boolean operator and "suicid*...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246205/the-autism-tics-adhd-and-other-comorbidities-inventory-a-tac-previous-and-predictive-validity
#20
Caroline Mårland, Paul Lichtenstein, Alessio Degl'Innocenti, Tomas Larson, Maria Råstam, Henrik Anckarsäter, Christopher Gillberg, Thomas Nilsson, Sebastian Lundström
BACKGROUND: Reliable and easy to administer screening instruments focusing on neurodevelopmental disorders and associated conditions are scarce. The Autism-Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory (A-TAC) has previously been validated and reporting good- excellent validity for several disorders. This article aims to expand these findings by including more conditions in a substantially larger sample augmented with the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR). METHODS: Since 2004 parents of all 9-year-old Swedish twins have been invited to participate in a telephone interview in the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden, CATSS...
December 16, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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