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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199910/subthreshold-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-impact
#1
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The aim of the current study was to establish the prevalence of subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (subthreshold-BDD) in a community sample of adolescents, and to compare disorder correlates in individuals with subthreshold-BDD to those with probable full-syndrome BDD (probable-BDD) and those without BDD (non-BDD). Self-report questionnaires assessing DSM-IV BDD criteria, past mental health service use, and symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders, were completed by 3149 Australian high school students (mean age =14...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199037/stability-and-change-in-patterns-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#2
Carolyn M Pearson, Jonathan Miller, Diann M Ackard, Katie A Loth, Melanie M Wall, Ann F Haynos, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Using a community adolescent sample, we aimed to (a) empirically derive eating disorder (ED) symptom groups, (b) examine the longitudinal stability of those groups over 10 years, and (c) identify risk factors associated with ED group stability and transition through young adulthood. Young people (N = 2,287) from the Project EAT cohort participated at baseline (1998-1999) and at 10-year follow-up (2008-2009). Participants completed anthropometric measures at baseline and self-report surveys on disordered eating symptoms and risk factors at both time points...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196789/the-relationship-of-disordered-eating-attitudes-with-stress-level-bone-turnover-markers-and-bone-mineral-density-in-obese-adolescents
#3
Aslı Okbay Güneş, Müjgan Alikaşifoğlu, Ezgi Şen Demirdöğen, Ethem Erginöz, Türkay Demir, Mine Kucur, Oya Ercan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of stress caused by disordered eating attitudes on bone health in obese adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study comprising 80 obese adolescents was performed from November 2013 to September 2014. Twenty-four-hour urinary free cortisol levels were measured as a biological marker of stress. Bone turnover was evaluated using bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, serum osteocalcin, and urinary N-telopeptide measurements. Bone mineral density was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193620/fifteen-minute-consultation-a-structured-approach-to-the-management-of-children-and-adolescents-with-medically-unstable-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Elizabeth Allison, Nicola Dawson, Jane Phillips, Catherine Lynch, Jacinta Coleman
Assessing and managing children who are underweight is an integral part of paediatric practice. Young people with anorexia nervosa (AN) are mainly cared for in the community by specialist eating disorder services. However, increasing numbers require admission to paediatric wards with medical instability due to the complications of starvation. Despite recommendations published in the junior MARSIPAN report in 2012, many paediatricians still feel poorly equipped to care for these high-risk patients. This article aims to provide a safe and structured approach to the assessment and management of children and adolescents with medically unstable AN...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186317/diagnostic-distribution-of-eating-disorders-comparison-between-dsmiv-tr-and-dsm-5
#5
Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Laura Cañas, Xavier Carbonell, Marta Carulla, Carolina Palma, Josep Matalí, Montse Dolz
INTRODUCTION: The fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) includes a significant revision of Eating Disorders (ED). The objective of this study is to compare the distribution of diagnosis of ED in adolescents according to DSM-VI-TR and DSM-5 criteria. A second objective is to study the psychopathological differences between patients with ED (based on DSM-IV-TR) and those whose diagnosis changed by applying DSM-5 criteria. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and one adolescents diagnosed with ED (mean: 14...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181473/is-underweight-associated-with-more-positive-body-image-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-adolescent-girls-and-boys
#6
Adam Kantanista, Magdalena Król-Zielińska, Joanna Borowiec, Wiesław Osiński
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between body image and prevalence of underweight, normal weight, and overweight in adolescents. The study included 1702 girls and 1547 boys, aged 14-16 years, who completed questionnaire assessing body satisfaction. The participants' BMI status: underweight, normal weight or overweight was determined on the basis of BMI cut-off values. Results revealed that more girls (p < .001) showed low body satisfaction (44.8%) and fewer girls (p < .001) had high body satisfaction (17...
February 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152419/follow-up-of-selective-eaters-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#7
Meredith L Van Tine, Fiona McNicholas, Debra L Safer, W Stewart Agras
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and course of selective eating, the stability of its behavioral profile over time, and the presence of eating disorder psychopathology among selective eaters in a non-treatment seeking cohort of young adults followed longitudinally from birth to age 23. METHOD: A prospective design tracking a subset of the original participants from the Stanford Infant Growth Study (n=216) who had been followed since birth...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138007/the-mediterranean-diet-and-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Alejandra Ríos-Hernández, José A Alda, Andreu Farran-Codina, Estrella Ferreira-García, Maria Izquierdo-Pulido
OBJECTIVES: Although attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and "unhealthy" diets, to date there are no studies that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. We hypothesized that a low adherence to a Mediterranean diet would be positively associated with an increase in ADHD diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 120 children and adolescents (60 with newly diagnosed ADHD and 60 controls) were studied in a sex- and age-matched case-control study...
January 30, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133705/selective-visual-attention-towards-oneself-and-associated-state-body-satisfaction-an-eye-tracking-study-in-adolescents-with-different-types-of-eating-disorders
#9
Anika Bauer, Silvia Schneider, Manuel Waldorf, Karsten Braks, Thomas J Huber, Dirk Adolph, Silja Vocks
The development of eating disorders is associated with a body-related attentional bias. Although eating disorders are especially prevalent in adolescence, so far, no study has analyzed gaze patterns and state body image in response to viewing one's own body in youth. To fill this gap, the present study aimed to examine a body-related attentional bias and state body satisfaction in adolescents with various forms of eating disorders. Girls with anorexia nervosa, restrictive type (AN-R; n = 30), anorexia nervosa, binge eating/purging type (AN-BP; n = 26), bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 22), clinical controls with anxiety disorders (n = 20) and healthy controls (n = 43) looked at photographs of their own and a peer's body, while their spontaneous eye movements were recorded...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109735/implementation-and-evaluation-of-two-educational-strategies-to-improve-screening-for-eating-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#10
Holly C Gooding, Elizabeth Cheever, Sara F Forman, Jonathan Hatoun, Farah Jooma, Currie Touloumtzis, Louis Vernacchio
PURPOSE: Routine screening for disordered eating or body image concerns is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. We evaluated the ability of two educational interventions to increase screening for eating disorders in pediatric primary care practice, predicting that the "active-learning" group would have an increase in documented screening after intervention. METHODS: We studied 303 practitioners in a large independent practice association located in the northeastern United States...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093835/the-assessment-and-treatment-of-unhealthy-exercise-in-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-delphi-study-to-synthesize-clinical-knowledge
#11
Melissa Noetel, Lisa Dawson, Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz
This study aimed to explore and synthesize expert clinical knowledge on defining and managing unhealthy exercise in adolescents with AN. The Delphi methodology was used. Clinicians (n = 25) considered experts in the treatment of AN in adolescents were recruited internationally to form the panel. The first round of the questionnaires was comprised of five open-ended questions regarding defining, assessing, and treating unhealthy exercise in adolescents with AN. Statements were derived from this data using content analysis, and included as Likert-based items in two subsequent rounds, in which panellists were required to rate their level of agreement for each item...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093801/from-questions-to-answers-examining-the-role-of-pediatric-surveillance-units-in-eating-disorder-research
#12
Debra K Katzman, Sloane Madden, Dasha Nicholls, Karizma Mawjee, Mark L Norris
Pediatric Surveillance Units (PSUs) provide a unique model for the study of pediatric eating disorders (EDs). Australia, Britain, and Canada have surveillance programs that have generated valuable epidemiological and clinical data on early-onset eating disorders (EOED). The PSUs represent an important collaborative tool that has helped shape our understanding of EOEDs and offers potential to contribute to decisions regarding health resource allocation and public health policy. This paper reviews the role of PSUs as a unique model to study pediatric EDs and its success in translating the knowledge generated by these programs into improving the health of children and adolescents with EDs worldwide...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093790/a-case-series-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Elizabeth K Hughes, Daniel Le Grange, Andrew Court, Susan M Sawyer
The aim of this case series was to examine engagement in and outcomes of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with DSM-5 atypical AN, that is, adolescents who were not underweight at presentation. Consecutive referrals for FBT of adolescents with atypical AN to a specialist child and adolescent eating disorder program were examined. Engagement in treatment (i.e., dose of treatment, completion rate), and changes in psychological symptomatology (i.e., eating disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, obsessive compulsiveness), weight, and menstrual function were examined...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065593/effortful-control-as-a-moderator-in-the-association-between-punishment-and-reward-sensitivity-and-eating-styles-in-adolescent-boys-and-girls
#14
Annelies Matton, Lien Goossens, Myriam Vervaet, Caroline Braet
The reactive traits of Sensitivity to Punishment (SP) and Sensitivity to Reward (SR) are assumed to be involved in the development of Eating Disorders (EDs). Most studies examine whether levels of these traits differ between ED diagnoses, without taking other variables into account. However, vulnerability theories of psychopathology posit that the risk for psychopathology depends on the interaction between reactive traits and self-regulatory traits such as Effortful Control (EC). As such, the present objective was to examine the moderating role of EC in the association between SP, SR and the eating styles restrained eating, emotional eating and external eating as possible ED precursors in adolescents...
January 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063258/eating-attitudes-and-its-relationship-with-nutritional-status-a-micro-level-study-on-a-group-of-adolescent-girls-in-the-city-of-howrah-west-bengal
#15
Nadira Mallick, Susmita Mukhopadhyay, Subha Ray
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between eating attitudes and nutritional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 adolescent girls (258 aged 14-17 years and 142 aged 18-21 years) from the city of Howrah, West Bengal. Eating attitude was measured using eating distress syndrome (EDS) questionnaire. Nutritional status was assessed using body mass index, waist-hip ratio (WHR) and body fat percentage (BF%). RESULTS: Participants with disordered eating attitudes revealed significantly higher values for body mass index (BMI), WHR and BF% than those with normal eating attitudes (p≤0...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060877/heightened-olfactory-sensitivity-in-young-females-with-recent-onset-anorexia-nervosa-and-recovered-individuals
#16
Mette Bentz, Johanne Guldberg, Signe Vangkilde, Tine Pedersen, Kerstin Jessica Plessen, Jens Richardt Moellegaard Jepsen
INTRODUCTION: Olfaction may be related to food restriction and weight loss. However, reports regarding olfactory function in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: Characterize olfactory sensitivity and identification in female adolescents and young adults with first-episode AN and young females recovered from AN. METHODS: We used the Sniffin' Sticks Odor Threshold Test and Odor Identification Test to assess 43 participants with first-episode AN, 27 recovered participants, and 39 control participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059633/adolescent-and-young-adult-women-s-opinions-of-common-eating-disorder-prevention-messages
#17
Jennifer S Mills, Nicole Vu, Ron Manley, Shasha Tse
We examined young women's opinions of five common eating disorder (ED) prevention themes in terms of persuasiveness and impact on behavioral intentions. Video-taped prevention themes were rated by female adolescents and young adults (ages 13-25) with and without eating disorders. Overall, younger participants found the prevention messages less persuasive than older participants. Controlling for age, clinical participants found the messages to be less persuasive than did non-clinical participants. Clinical participants reported no change in their behavioral intentions after watching the videos, whereas non-clinical participants reported a lower intention to diet and make body comparisons after viewing the messages...
January 6, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056106/metasynthesis-of-the-views-about-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-in-adolescents-perspectives-of-adolescents-parents-and-professionals
#18
Jordan Sibeoni, Massimiliano Orri, Marie Valentin, Marc-Antoine Podlipski, Stephanie Colin, Jerome Pradere, Anne Revah-Levy
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa in adolescents can be a difficult-to-treat disease. Because qualitative research is a well-established method for deepening our understanding of subjective experiences, such as eating disorders and their treatment, we sought to perform a systematic review of qualitative studies to synthesize the views of adolescents with this disease, their parents, and their healthcare providers about its treatment. METHODS: We performed a thematic synthesis to develop the central themes that summarize all of the topics raised in the articles included in our review...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053535/atypical-major-depressive-episode-as-initial-presentation-of-intracranial-germinoma-in-a-male-adolescent
#19
Yi-Ting Chen, Kuan-Pin Su, Jane Pei-Chen Chang
A 17-year-old adolescent boy presented with atypical major depressive episode (MDE) without specific focal neurological signs for 6 months. He had a diagnosis of intra-cranial germinoma, and the atypical MDE symptoms subsided after the operation. However, he had a relapse of atypical MDE 7 months after the first surgery. His mood and binge eating symptoms subsided, but intractable body weight gain only partially improved after treatment. When encountering manifestations of depression with atypical features, especially with binge eating symptoms in male children and adolescents, with early onset age, no family history, and prolonged depressive episodes, clinicians should consider not only mood disorders including bipolar spectrum disorders but also organic brain lesions such as intracranial germinoma...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050706/identifying-disordered-eating-behaviours-in-adolescents-how-do-parent-and-adolescent-reports-differ-by-sex-and-age
#20
Savani Bartholdy, Karina Allen, John Hodsoll, Owen G O'Daly, Iain C Campbell, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Erin Burke Quinlan, Patricia J Conrod, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Jürgen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Luise Poustka, Michael N Smolka, Eva Mennigen, Henrik Walter, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Ulrike Schmidt
This study investigated the prevalence of disordered eating cognitions and behaviours across mid-adolescence in a large European sample, and explored the extent to which prevalence ratings were affected by informant (parent/adolescent), or the sex or age of the adolescent. The Development and Well-Being Assessment was completed by parent-adolescent dyads at age 14 (n = 2225) and again at age 16 (n = 1607) to explore the prevalence of 7 eating disorder symptoms (binge eating, purging, fear of weight gain, distress over shape/weight, avoidance of fattening foods, food restriction, and exercise for weight loss)...
January 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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