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adolescent eating disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334444/the-partial-dopamine-d2-receptor-agonist-aripiprazole-is-associated-with-weight-gain-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Guido K W Frank, Megan E Shott, Jennifer O Hagman, Marissa A Schiel, Marisa C DeGuzman, Brogan Rossi
OBJECTIVE: Finding medication to support treatment of anorexia nervosa has been difficult. Neuroscience-based approaches may help in this effort. Recent brain imaging studies in adults and adolescents with anorexia nervosa suggest that dopamine-related reward circuits are hypersensitive and could provide a treatment target. METHODS: Here, we present a retrospective chart review of 106 adolescents with anorexia nervosa some of whom were treated with the dopamine D2 receptor partial agonist aripiprazole during treatment in a specialized eating disorder program...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331505/fear-of-vomiting-and-low-body-weight-in-two-pediatric-patients-diagnostic-challenges
#2
Charlotte Maertens, Jennifer Couturier, Christina Grant, Natasha Johnson
Fear of vomiting can be a symptom associated with several disorders, including Eating Disorders (ED), Specific Phobia (Emetophobia), Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), making proper diagnosis challenging. At this time the literature exploring this symptom is limited, and to our knowledge very few cases have been described in the child and adolescent population. We report here the cases of one child and one adolescent presenting with significant weight loss, food restriction and fear of vomiting...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324677/intermittent-explosive-disorder-and-eating-disorders-analysis-of-national-comorbidity-and-research-samples
#3
Karen M Jennings, Jennifer E Wildes, Emil F Coccaro
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies suggest comorbidity between eating disorders and aggressive behaviors. This study examined the pattern of comorbidity between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and eating disorders (ED). METHODS: Data were analyzed from both the adult and adolescent samples of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (n = 19,430) and a clinical research sample (n = 1,642). RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of Any ED was elevated in IED vs...
March 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323355/the-modelled-cost-effectiveness-of-cognitive-dissonance-for-the-prevention-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-in-adolescent-girls-in-australia
#4
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Jan J Barendregt, Phillipa Hay, Susan M Sawyer, Susan J Paxton, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), are prevalent disorders that carry substantial economic and social burden. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the modelled population cost-effectiveness of cognitive dissonance (CD), a school-based preventive intervention for EDs, in the Australian health care context. METHOD: A population-based Markov model was developed to estimate the cost per disability adjusted life-year (DALY) averted by CD relative to no intervention...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323350/characteristics-of-seeking-treatment-among-u-s-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#5
Lauren N Forrest, April R Smith, Sonja A Swanson
OBJECTIVE: The majority of persons with eating disorders (EDs) do not seek ED treatment, yet little is known about treatment-seeking barriers or facilitators. The aim of the study is to describe the characteristics associated with seeking ED treatment among U.S. adolescents with EDs. METHOD: Data from a nationally representative cross-sectional study of U.S. adolescents ages 13-18 years were used for these analyses. Specifically, adolescents who met criteria for lifetime EDs (N = 281) were included...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303109/the-effect-of-abuse-history-on-adolescent-patients-with-feeding-and-eating-disorders-treated-through-psychodynamic-therapy-comorbidities-and-outcome
#6
Annamaria M Strangio, Lucio Rinaldi, Gianluigi Monniello, Leuconoe Grazia Sisti, Chiara de Waure, Luigi Janiri
OBJECTIVES: The first aim of our study was to compare the characteristics and comorbidities of patients with eating disorders between those who suffered from a childhood abuse and those who did not. Our second aim was to analyze the differences in the outcome of the psychodynamic therapy between abused and not abused patients. METHODS: Twenty-six adolescent patients with eating disorders were assessed. Adolescent were evaluated by a single expert psychiatrist by checklists and questionnaires: EDI 3, SCL 90, BIS11, Dissociative Experiences Scale, Global Assessment of Functioning, SCID II, and CTQ-Self control (SF)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290749/identification-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-danish-adolescents-with-the-scoff-questionnaire
#7
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders often develop in adolescence and, therefore, instruments are needed that are useful to detect risk behaviour in young people. The SCOFF is a 5-item screening instrument, named SCOFF as an acronym of keywords from the questions. It has been used widely in adult samples, but studies that evaluate the scale in adolescents are missing. AIMS: The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the SCOFF in adolescents aged 11-20 years and for the first time validate the questionnaire in Danish...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290118/the-moderating-effect-of-gender-role-on-the-relationships-between-gender-and-attitudes-about-body-and-eating-in-a-sample-of-italian-adolescents
#8
J Lampis, S Cataudella, A Busonera, S De Simone, M Tommasi
PURPOSE: The differential prevalence of eating disorders in males and females can be explained by the impact of gender-role orientations. Inside the Italian socio-cultural context, gender socialization can be influenced by stereotypical gender beliefs, and this may contribute to the psychological distress of individuals who identify with discrepant gender roles from their biological sex. Our study explored, within the Italian context, the potential moderating effect of masculinity and femininity on the relationships between gender and attitudes about body and eating...
March 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285753/screening-obese-adolescents-for-binge-eating-disorder-in-primary-care-the-adolescent-binge-eating-scale
#9
Catherine Chamay-Weber, Christophe Combescure, Lydia Lanza, Isabelle Carrard, Dagmar M Haller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the performance of a simple and developmentally appropriate 10-item questionnaire (Adolescent Binge Eating Scale) for the prediction of binge eating disorder (BED) diagnosis in adolescents seen for obesity. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the performance of the questionnaire in comparison with a clinical interview, in a population of adolescents being seen for obesity. The χ(2) or Fisher exact tests were used. RESULTS: There were 94 adolescents aged 12-18 years (59...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284563/history-of-overweight-obesity-as-predictor-of-care-received-at-1-year-follow-up-in-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-or-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#10
Grace A Kennedy, Sara F Forman, Elizabeth R Woods, Albert C Hergenroeder, Kathleen A Mammel, Martin M Fisher, Rollyn M Ornstein, S Todd Callahan, Neville H Golden, Cynthia J Kapphahn, Andrea K Garber, Ellen S Rome, Tracy K Richmond
PURPOSE: Previous research has indicated that patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) or atypical AN with premorbid history of overweight/obesity have greater weight loss and longer illness duration than patients with no such history. However, little is known about the association of premorbid overweight/obesity and receiving inpatient medical care during treatment for an eating disorder. METHODS: Using logistic regression, we sought to determine if history of overweight/obesity was associated with receiving inpatient medical care in a sample of 522 patients (mean age 15...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283207/perceptions-of-caring-for-adolescents-with-eating-disorders-hospitalized-on-a-general-pediatric-unit
#11
Whitney Harken, Joan Maxwell, Margaret Hainline, Lauren Pollack, Cristine Roberts
PURPOSE: To describe the perceptions of inpatient pediatric hospitalist physicians (HPs), registered nurses (RNs), and care assistants (CAs) at a tertiary pediatric hospital regarding caring for children with eating disorders (EDs) who are hospitalized for medical stabilization. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted using semi-structured individual interviews with aforementioned health care workers (HCWs) to explore their perspectives on caring for children/adolescents with EDs in relation to recent initiatives to transform their care...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281883/exploring-the-association-between-eating-disorders-and-gender-dysphoria-in-youth
#12
Stephen Feder, Leanna Isserlin, Emily Seale, Nicole Hammond, Mark L Norris
This study reviews the overlap between eating disorders (EDs) and gender dysphoria (GD) in an adolescent population. A retrospective chart review was conducted on a clinical population presenting for concerns of GD. It was noted that five of the 97 patients had been found to be suffering from an ED at presentation. An additional 10 patients were noted to have ED-related symptoms. Although ED risk was elevated in trans males and females, absolute risk was higher in trans males when compared to population based prevalence rates...
March 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270369/reliability-and-validity-of-the-diabetes-eating-problem-survey-revised-on-turkish-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Yasemin Atik Altınok, Suriye Özgür, Reci Meseri, Samim Özen, Şükran Darcan, Damla Gökşen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of Turkish version of Diabetes Eating Problem Survey-Revised (DEPS-R) for children and adolescent with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. METHODS: A total of 200 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes, ages 9-18 years, completed the DEPS-R Turkish version. In addition to tests of validity, confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to investigate the factor structure of the 16-item Turkish version of DEPS-R...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265411/outcomes-of-an-inpatient-medical-nutritional-rehabilitation-protocol-in-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#14
Rebecka Peebles, Andrew Lesser, Courtney Cheek Park, Kerri Heckert, C Alix Timko, Eleni Lantzouni, Ronald Liebman, Laurel Weaver
BACKGROUND: Medical stabilization through inpatient nutritional rehabilitation is often necessary for patients with eating disorders (EDs) but includes the inherent risk of refeeding syndrome. Here we describe our experience of implementing and sustaining an inpatient nutritional rehabilitation protocol designed to strategically prepare patients with EDs and their families for discharge to a home setting in an efficient and effective manner from a general adolescent medicine unit. We report outcomes at admission, discharge, and 4-weeks follow-up...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265410/adolescents-with-full-or-subthreshold-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-naturalistic-sample-characteristics-and-treatment-outcome
#15
Katarina Lindstedt, Lars Kjellin, Sanna Aila Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Anorexia Nervosa (AN) destroys developmentally important early years of many young people and knowledge is insufficient regarding course, treatment outcome and prognosis. Only a few naturalistic studies have been conducted within the field of eating disorder (ED) research. In this naturalistic study we included adolescents with AN or subthreshold AN treated in outpatient care, and the overall aim was to examine sample characteristics and treatment outcome. Additional aims were to examine potential factors associated with remission as an outcome variable, and possible differences between three time periods for treatment onset...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265299/self-reported-frequency-of-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-in-a-national-study-of-swedish-adolescents-and-association-to-sociodemographic-factors-sexual-behaviors-abuse-and-mental-health
#16
Cecilia Fredlund, Carl Göran Svedin, Gisela Priebe, Linda Jonsson, Marie Wadsby
BACKGROUND: Sex as self-injury has become a concept in Swedish society; however it is a largely unexplored area of research, not yet conceptualized and far from accepted in the research field. The use of sex as a way of affect regulation is known in the literature and has, in interviews with young women who sell sex, been compared to direct self-injury, such as cutting or burning the skin. The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported frequency of sex as self-injury and the association to sociodemographic factors, sexual orientation, voluntary sexual experiences, sexual risk-taking behaviors, sexual, physical and mental abuse, trauma symptoms, healthcare for psychiatric disorders and non-suicidal self-injury...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261067/palatable-hyper-caloric-foods-impact-on-neuronal-plasticity
#17
REVIEW
Jean-Pascal Morin, Luis F Rodríguez-Durán, Kioko Guzmán-Ramos, Claudia Perez-Cruz, Guillaume Ferreira, Sofia Diaz-Cintra, Gustavo Pacheco-López
Neural plasticity is an intrinsic and essential characteristic of the nervous system that allows animals "self-tuning" to adapt to their environment over their lifetime. Activity-dependent synaptic plasticity in the central nervous system is a form of neural plasticity that underlies learning and memory formation, as well as long-lasting, environmentally-induced maladaptive behaviors, such as drug addiction and overeating of palatable hyper-caloric (PHc) food. In western societies, the abundance of PHc foods has caused a dramatic increase in the incidence of overweight/obesity and related disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258321/are-lifetime-affective-disorders-predictive-of-long-term-outcome-in-severe-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#18
B Carrot, L Radon, T Hubert, S Vibert, J Duclos, F Curt, N Godart
Depression and anxiety are commonly associated with anorexia nervosa (AN) and contribute to difficulties in social integration, a negative factor for outcome in AN. The link between those disorders and AN has been poorly studied. Thus, our objective was to investigate (1) the link between outcome nine years after hospitalisation for AN and the occurrence of lifetime anxious or depressive comorbidities; (2) the prognostic value of these comorbidities on patient outcome; 181 female patients were hospitalised for AN (between 13 and 22 years old), and were re-evaluated for their psychological, dietary, physical and social outcomes, from 6 to 12 years after their hospitalisation...
March 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248991/limbic-thalamo-cortical-projections-and-reward-related-circuitry-integrity-affects-eating-behavior-a-longitudinal-dti-study-in-adolescents-with-restrictive-eating-disorders
#19
Gaia Olivo, Lyle Wiemerslage, Ingemar Swenne, Christina Zhukowsky, Helena Salonen-Ros, Elna-Marie Larsson, Santino Gaudio, Samantha J Brooks, Helgi B Schiöth
Few studies have used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate the micro-structural alterations of WM in patients with restrictive eating disorders (rED), and longitudinal data are lacking. Twelve patients with rED were scanned at diagnosis and after one year of family-based treatment, and compared to twenty-four healthy controls (HCs) through DTI analysis. A tract-based spatial statistics procedure was used to investigate diffusivity parameters: fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean, radial and axial diffusivities (MD, RD and AD, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244032/erratum-to-do-parental-traumatic-experiences-have-a-role-in-the-psychological-functioning-of-early-adolescents-with-binge-eating-disorder
#20
Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino, Giulia Ballarotto, Renata Tambelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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