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adolescent eating disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432804/premorbid-bmi-predicts-binge-purge-symptomatology-among-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Elin L Lantz, Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabet Wentz, Michael R Lowe
OBJECTIVE: A finding consistent with the transdiagnostic approach to eating disorders is that about half of those with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN) eventually undergo a transition to the binge/purge (BP) subtype or to bulimia nervosa. Given evidence that individuals with bulimic symptoms exhibit elevated weights premorbidly, we tested the hypothesis that among those with AN, highest premorbid BMI would predict which individuals with AN would develop AN-BP. METHOD: The current study used longitudinal data from a community sample of adolescents with AN in Sweden...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426755/correction-limbic-thalamo-cortical-projections-and-reward-related-circuitry-integrity-affects-eating-behavior-a-longitudinal-dti-study-in-adolescents-with-restrictive-eating-disorders
#2
Gaia Olivo, Lyle Wiemerslage, Ingemar Swenne, Christina Zhukovsky, Helena Salonen-Ros, Elna-Marie Larsson, Santino Gaudio, Samantha J Brooks, Helgi B Schiöth
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172129.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420211/cognitive-remediation-therapy-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-treatment-satisfaction-and-the-perception-of-change
#3
Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren, Kristin Stedal
Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) has recently been developed for children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). It focuses on decreasing rigid cognitions and behaviors, as well as increasing central coherence. Overall, CRT has been proven feasible for young individuals with AN, but little is known regarding the specifics of its feasibility, and the perception of change associated with the intervention. Consequently, the aim of the current study was to explore service users' perspective on CRT with a specific focus on treatment delivery, treatment content, and perceived change...
April 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417276/assessing-asd-in-adolescent-females-with-anorexia-nervosa-using-clinical-and-developmental-measures-a-preliminary-investigation
#4
Heather Westwood, William Mandy, Mima Simic, Kate Tchanturia
The aim of this study was to use standardised, clinical assessment tools to explore the presence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) symptoms in a sample of adolescent females with Anorexia Nervosa (AN), receiving either day-patient or inpatient treatment for their eating disorder and to determine whether any such symptoms were present during the early developmental period, a requirement for a diagnosis of ASD. Using a cross-sectional design, 40 females aged between 12 and 18 were recruited from inpatient and day-patient eating disorder services...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417002/motivation-to-change-coping-and-self-esteem-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-a-validation-study-of-the-anorexia-nervosa-stages-of-change-questionnaire-ansocq
#5
Dagmar Pauli, Marcel Aebi, Christa Winkler Metzke, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: Understanding motivation to change is a key issue in both the assessment and the treatment of eating disorders. Therefore, sound instruments assessing this construct are of great help to clinicians. Accordingly, the present study analysed the psychometric properties of the Anorexia Nervosa Stages of Change Questionnaire (ANSOCQ), including its relation to coping style and self-esteem. METHODS: N = 92 adolescents referred to an eating disorders outpatient clinic meeting criteria for anorexia nervosa gave written informed consent to participate in this study and completed the ANSOCQ, the Eating Disorder Inventory, the Eating Attitudes Test, the Body Image Questionnaire, two questionnaires measuring Self-Related Cognitions and the Coping Across Situations Questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416810/the-joint-impact-of-cognitive-performance-in-adolescence-and-familial-cognitive-aptitude-on-risk-for-major-psychiatric-disorders-a-delineation-of-four-potential-pathways-to-illness
#6
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, R S E Keefe, K Sundquist, J Sundquist
How do joint measures of premorbid cognitive ability and familial cognitive aptitude (FCA) reflect risk for a diversity of psychiatric and substance use disorders? To address this question, we examined, using Cox models, the predictive effects of school achievement (SA) measured at age 16 and FCA-assessed from SA in siblings and cousins, and educational attainment in parents-on risk for 12 major psychiatric syndromes in 1 140 608 Swedes born 1972-1990. Four developmental patterns emerged. In the first, risk was predicted jointly by low levels of SA and high levels of FCA-that is a level of SA lower than would be predicted from the FCA...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413935/predictive-validity-of-the-k-sads-pl-2009-version-in-school-aged-and-adolescent-outpatients
#7
Håkan Jarbin, Markus Andersson, Maria Råstam, Tord Ivarsson
BACKGROUND: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children (K-SADS) is one of the most commonly used standardized diagnostic interviews in child and adolescent psychiatry. Validity studies are scarce, and limited to concurrent validity with other measures and clinical diagnoses. AIMS: To evaluate the K-SADS interview in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) setting with a Longitudinal Expert All Data (LEAD) procedure...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410467/examination-of-the-interpersonal-model-of-loss-of-control-eating-in-the-laboratory
#8
Lisa M Shank, Ross D Crosby, Anne Claire Grammer, Lauren B Shomaker, Anna Vannucci, Natasha L Burke, Monika Stojek, Sheila M Brady, Merel Kozlosky, James C Reynolds, Jack A Yanovski, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
BACKGROUND: The interpersonal model of loss of control (LOC) eating proposes that interpersonal problems lead to negative affect, which in turn contributes to the onset and/or persistence of LOC eating. Despite preliminary support, there are no data examining the construct validity of the interpersonal model of LOC eating using temporally sensitive reports of social stress, distinct negative affective states, and laboratory energy intake. METHOD: 117 healthy adolescent girls (BMI: 75th-97th %ile) were recruited for a prevention trial targeting excess weight gain in adolescent girls who reported LOC eating...
April 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407284/executive-functions-in-adolescents-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity
#9
Rebekka Kittel, Ricarda Schmidt, Anja Hilbert
OBJECTIVE: Binge-eating disorder (BED) in adults is associated with alterations in executive functions (EF) and obesity. Much less is known about these relationships in adolescents, including whether poor EF are associated with eating disorder psychopathology and/or elevated body mass index. This study examined EF in response to neutral stimuli in youth with BED. METHOD: Adolescents with BED and obesity (n = 22), individually matched adolescents with obesity (n = 22), and normal weight (n = 22) completed neuropsychological tests targeting inhibition (Color-Word Interference Test), sustained attention (D2 Concentration Endurance Test), cognitive flexibility (Comprehensive Trail Making Test), and decision-making (Iowa Gambling Task)...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404476/body-size-ideals-and-dissatisfaction-in-ghanaian-adolescents-role-of-media-lifestyle-and-well-being
#10
N Michels, S D Amenyah
OBJECTIVES: To inspire effective health promotion campaigns, we tested the relationship of ideal body size and body size dissatisfaction with (1) the potential resulting health-influencing factors diet, physical activity and well-being; and (2) with media as a potential influencer of body ideals. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study in 370 Ghanaian adolescents (aged 11-18 years). METHODS: Questionnaires included disordered eating (EAT26), diet quality (FFQ), physical activity (IPAQ), well-being (KINDL) and media influence on appearance (SATAQ: pressure, internalisation and information)...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402984/contribution-of-hormonal-cytology-in-girls-and-adolescents-to-reproductive-health-a-traditional-technique-monitoring-recent-problems
#11
Jaroslava Dušková, Barbara Goldová, Lenka Matiášková, Alena Beková, Jana Skřenková
OBJECTIVE: To study the contribution of hormonal cytology in contemporary disturbances of fertility. DESIGN: Over a 10-year period (2006-2015), 6,688 vaginal fornix cytologies of 2,350 patients were investigated. For a more detailed analysis, a 3-year period from 2013 to 2015 was chosen. Four hundred and fifty-two patients were investigated, many of them several times and for a period longer than the 3 years analyzed. RESULTS: The main disorders examined and treated via a gentle hormonal medication support and life style corrections by a pediatric gynecologist were: pubertas praecox - thelarche praecox and early menarche; dysfunctional juvenile metrorrhagia; central and peripheral endocrine disorders; eating disorders - anorexia mentalis and bulimia; obesity; excessive sport activities; autoimmune disorders, and others...
April 13, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402749/mental-health-concerns-and-insurance-denials-among-transgender-adolescents
#12
Leena Nahata, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Amy C Tishelman
PURPOSE: Transgender youth are at high risk for mental health morbidities. Based on treatment guidelines, puberty blockers and gender-affirming hormone therapy should be considered to alleviate distress due to discordance between an individual's assigned sex and gender identity. The goals of this study were to examine the: (1) prevalence of mental health diagnoses, self-injurious behaviors, and school victimization and (2) rates of insurance coverage for hormone therapy, among a cohort of transgender adolescents at a large pediatric gender program, to understand access to recommended therapy...
April 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402068/eating-related-psychopathology-and-food-addiction-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#13
Özgür Albayrak, Manuel Föcker, Josephine Kliewer, Simon Esber, Triinu Peters, Martina de Zwaan, Johannes Hebebrand
OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to investigate the relationship between food addiction and mental disorders including eating disorders (ED), eating-related psychopathology and body mass index-standard deviation score in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Food addiction was assessed with the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). Eating-related psychopathology was measured with the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ). Psychiatric diagnoses were assessed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399092/-the-affective-pathology-in-patients-with-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa
#14
V V Grachev
AIM: To investigate affective pathology in patients with adolescent bulimia nervosa (BN) and to analyze comorbid mutual influences of these clinical entities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample consisted of 52 young female patients, aged from 13.9 to 17.4 years, who simultaneously meet ICD-10 criteria of F50.2 - typical BN and F30-F39 - mood disorders. The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and the Beck Depression Inventory were used for psychometric assessment. Duration of follow-up ranged from 1 to 7 years...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394743/a-qualitative-analysis-of-male-eating-disorder-symptoms
#15
Katherine D Arnow, Talya Feldman, Elizabeth Fichtel, Iris Hsiao-Jung Lin, Amber Egan, James Lock, Marcus Westerman, Alison M Darcy
Insights into how males experience eating disorder symptoms early in the course of illness are important to improve detection efforts and may also provide valuable information for treatment. In this qualitative study, 10 adolescent males and 10 matched female patients completed standardized questionnaires and were interviewed. Results indicated that although there were many similarities between the genders, females were more likely to describe the involvement of family systems and males were more likely to describe involvement in sports as being catalysts for their disorders...
April 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393398/parental-strategies-used-in-the-family-meal-session-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-links-with-treatment-outcomes
#16
Hannah J White, Emma Haycraft, Sloane Madden, Paul Rhodes, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Andrew Wallis, Michael Kohn, Caroline Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships between parental mealtime strategies used in the family meal session of family-based treatment (FBT) and adolescent outcomes at EOT (session 20). METHOD: Eighteen families with an adolescent receiving FBT-AN participated. Parental strategies during videoed family meals were assessed using a family mealtime coding system. Change scores were calculated for both adolescent %EBW and EDE scores. RESULTS: Increased use of parental direct and non-direct eating prompts during the family meal was associated with greater adolescent weight gain at EOT...
April 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392917/now-you-see-it-now-you-don-t-compulsive-exercise-in-adolescents-with-an-eating-disorder
#17
Johanna Levallius, Christina Collin, Andreas Birgegård
BACKGROUND: Compulsive exercise (CE) has been proposed as significant in the etiology, development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs), resulting in more severe and enduring pathology. However, few studies have investigated CE longitudinally in adolescents with EDs. We aimed to test if adolescents show the same associations between CE and other clinical variables as previous research has found in adults. METHODS: Three thousand one hundred sixteen girls and 139 boys from a clinical ED database were investigated regarding prevalence and frequency of CE and its relation to psychiatric symptoms, associated features and outcome...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392830/psychometric-properties-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-japanese-adolescents
#18
Tomoyo Mitsui, Toshiyuki Yoshida, Gen Komaki
BACKGROUND: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire version 6.0 (EDE-Q) is one of the most widely used questionnaires for eating disorders in Western countries, no research has addressed the psychometric properties of the EDE-Q in a Japanese sample. METHODS: We explored the factor structure of the EDE-Q and examined the internal consistency of the derived scales for Japanese participants (Study I), the convergent validity with other eating disorder-related psychological measures (Study II) and the distinction between the derived two body image-related factors with psychological measures (StudyIII)...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390270/the-mediating-role-of-appearance-comparisons-on-the-relationship-between-negative-appearance-commentary-and-binge-eating-symptoms
#19
Sylvia Herbozo, Serena D Stevens, Idia B Thurston
While the frequency of weight-based teasing during childhood/adolescence has been linked to eating disturbance, limited research has examined the impact of negative appearance commentary experienced in young adulthood. Appearance comparisons have been shown to mediate the relationship between weight-based teasing frequency in childhood/adolescence and eating disturbance; however, less is known about the impact of other forms of negative appearance commentary and binge eating symptoms. The current study examined appearance comparisons to others as a mediator of the relationship between the impact of negative appearance commentary from interpersonal sources and binge eating symptoms in college women...
March 30, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389062/sex-differences-in-quality-of-life-impairment-associated-with-body-dissatisfaction-in-adolescents
#20
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Caroline Bentley, Kassandra Gratwick-Sarll, Carmel Harrison, Jonathan M Mond
PURPOSE: Body dissatisfaction is strongly associated with quality of life impairment among both male and female adults, and the strength of this relationship is comparable between the sexes. Whether this is the case among adolescents, however, is unclear. METHODS: Adolescent girls (n = 1,135) and boys (n = 531) aged 12-18 years were recruited from secondary schools located in the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Students completed a survey that included measures of body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, and psychosocial health- and physical health-related quality of life...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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