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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093835/the-assessment-and-treatment-of-unhealthy-exercise-in-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-delphi-study-to-synthesize-clinical-knowledge
#1
Melissa Noetel, Lisa Dawson, Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz
This study aimed to explore and synthesize expert clinical knowledge on defining and managing unhealthy exercise in adolescents with AN. The Delphi methodology was used. Clinicians (n = 25) considered experts in the treatment of AN in adolescents were recruited internationally to form the panel. The first round of the questionnaires was comprised of five open-ended questions regarding defining, assessing, and treating unhealthy exercise in adolescents with AN. Statements were derived from this data using content analysis, and included as Likert-based items in two subsequent rounds, in which panellists were required to rate their level of agreement for each item...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093801/from-questions-to-answers-examining-the-role-of-pediatric-surveillance-units-in-eating-disorder-research
#2
Debra K Katzman, Sloane Madden, Dasha Nicholls, Karizma Mawjee, Mark L Norris
Pediatric Surveillance Units (PSUs) provide a unique model for the study of pediatric eating disorders (EDs). Australia, Britain, and Canada have surveillance programs that have generated valuable epidemiological and clinical data on early-onset eating disorders (EOED). The PSUs represent an important collaborative tool that has helped shape our understanding of EOEDs and offers potential to contribute to decisions regarding health resource allocation and public health policy. This paper reviews the role of PSUs as a unique model to study pediatric EDs and its success in translating the knowledge generated by these programs into improving the health of children and adolescents with EDs worldwide...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093790/a-case-series-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Elizabeth K Hughes, Daniel Le Grange, Andrew Court, Susan M Sawyer
The aim of this case series was to examine engagement in and outcomes of family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with DSM-5 atypical AN, that is, adolescents who were not underweight at presentation. Consecutive referrals for FBT of adolescents with atypical AN to a specialist child and adolescent eating disorder program were examined. Engagement in treatment (i.e., dose of treatment, completion rate), and changes in psychological symptomatology (i.e., eating disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, obsessive compulsiveness), weight, and menstrual function were examined...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065593/effortful-control-as-a-moderator-in-the-association-between-punishment-and-reward-sensitivity-and-eating-styles-in-adolescent-boys-and-girls
#4
Annelies Matton, Lien Goossens, Myriam Vervaet, Caroline Braet
The reactive traits of Sensitivity to Punishment (SP) and Sensitivity to Reward (SR) are assumed to be involved in the development of Eating Disorders (EDs). Most studies examine whether levels of these traits differ between ED diagnoses, without taking other variables into account. However, vulnerability theories of psychopathology posit that the risk for psychopathology depends on the interaction between reactive traits and self-regulatory traits such as Effortful Control (EC). As such, the present objective was to examine the moderating role of EC in the association between SP, SR and the eating styles restrained eating, emotional eating and external eating as possible ED precursors in adolescents...
January 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063258/eating-attitudes-and-its-relationship-with-nutritional-status-a-micro-level-study-on-a-group-of-adolescent-girls-in-the-city-of-howrah-west-bengal
#5
Nadira Mallick, Susmita Mukhopadhyay, Subha Ray
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between eating attitudes and nutritional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 adolescent girls (258 aged 14-17 years and 142 aged 18-21 years) from the city of Howrah, West Bengal. Eating attitude was measured using eating distress syndrome (EDS) questionnaire. Nutritional status was assessed using body mass index, waist-hip ratio (WHR) and body fat percentage (BF%). RESULTS: Participants with disordered eating attitudes revealed significantly higher values for body mass index (BMI), WHR and BF% than those with normal eating attitudes (p≤0...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060877/heightened-olfactory-sensitivity-in-young-females-with-recent-onset-anorexia-nervosa-and-recovered-individuals
#6
Mette Bentz, Johanne Guldberg, Signe Vangkilde, Tine Pedersen, Kerstin Jessica Plessen, Jens Richardt Moellegaard Jepsen
INTRODUCTION: Olfaction may be related to food restriction and weight loss. However, reports regarding olfactory function in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: Characterize olfactory sensitivity and identification in female adolescents and young adults with first-episode AN and young females recovered from AN. METHODS: We used the Sniffin' Sticks Odor Threshold Test and Odor Identification Test to assess 43 participants with first-episode AN, 27 recovered participants, and 39 control participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059633/adolescent-and-young-adult-women-s-opinions-of-common-eating-disorder-prevention-messages
#7
Jennifer S Mills, Nicole Vu, Ron Manley, Shasha Tse
We examined young women's opinions of five common eating disorder (ED) prevention themes in terms of persuasiveness and impact on behavioral intentions. Video-taped prevention themes were rated by female adolescents and young adults (ages 13-25) with and without eating disorders. Overall, younger participants found the prevention messages less persuasive than older participants. Controlling for age, clinical participants found the messages to be less persuasive than did non-clinical participants. Clinical participants reported no change in their behavioral intentions after watching the videos, whereas non-clinical participants reported a lower intention to diet and make body comparisons after viewing the messages...
January 6, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056106/metasynthesis-of-the-views-about-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-in-adolescents-perspectives-of-adolescents-parents-and-professionals
#8
Jordan Sibeoni, Massimiliano Orri, Marie Valentin, Marc-Antoine Podlipski, Stephanie Colin, Jerome Pradere, Anne Revah-Levy
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa in adolescents can be a difficult-to-treat disease. Because qualitative research is a well-established method for deepening our understanding of subjective experiences, such as eating disorders and their treatment, we sought to perform a systematic review of qualitative studies to synthesize the views of adolescents with this disease, their parents, and their healthcare providers about its treatment. METHODS: We performed a thematic synthesis to develop the central themes that summarize all of the topics raised in the articles included in our review...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053535/atypical-major-depressive-episode-as-initial-presentation-of-intracranial-germinoma-in-a-male-adolescent
#9
Yi-Ting Chen, Kuan-Pin Su, Jane Pei-Chen Chang
A 17-year-old adolescent boy presented with atypical major depressive episode (MDE) without specific focal neurological signs for 6 months. He had a diagnosis of intra-cranial germinoma, and the atypical MDE symptoms subsided after the operation. However, he had a relapse of atypical MDE 7 months after the first surgery. His mood and binge eating symptoms subsided, but intractable body weight gain only partially improved after treatment. When encountering manifestations of depression with atypical features, especially with binge eating symptoms in male children and adolescents, with early onset age, no family history, and prolonged depressive episodes, clinicians should consider not only mood disorders including bipolar spectrum disorders but also organic brain lesions such as intracranial germinoma...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050706/identifying-disordered-eating-behaviours-in-adolescents-how-do-parent-and-adolescent-reports-differ-by-sex-and-age
#10
Savani Bartholdy, Karina Allen, John Hodsoll, Owen G O'Daly, Iain C Campbell, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Erin Burke Quinlan, Patricia J Conrod, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Jürgen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Luise Poustka, Michael N Smolka, Eva Mennigen, Henrik Walter, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Ulrike Schmidt
This study investigated the prevalence of disordered eating cognitions and behaviours across mid-adolescence in a large European sample, and explored the extent to which prevalence ratings were affected by informant (parent/adolescent), or the sex or age of the adolescent. The Development and Well-Being Assessment was completed by parent-adolescent dyads at age 14 (n = 2225) and again at age 16 (n = 1607) to explore the prevalence of 7 eating disorder symptoms (binge eating, purging, fear of weight gain, distress over shape/weight, avoidance of fattening foods, food restriction, and exercise for weight loss)...
January 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039879/prevalence-of-binge-and-loss-of-control-eating-among-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-an-exploratory-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Jinbo He, Zhihui Cai, Xitao Fan
OBJECTIVE: Due to the inconsistency of the research findings in the current literature, the prevalence of binge and loss of control (LOC) eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity remains unclear. By using the meta-analytic approach, this article aimed at exploring the prevalence of binge/LOC eating among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity, and at identifying potential moderators, which may have contributed to the heterogeneity of the existing research findings...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039823/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-maternal-distress-among-adolescent-eating-disorder-patients-a-comparison-with-substance-use-disorder-patients
#12
Dimitra Anastasiadou, Melissa Parks, Agostino Brugnera, Ana R Sepulveda, Montserrat Graell
High rates of comorbidity are found among eating disorder (ED) patients, which may negatively affect treatment outcome and prognosis. However, there is a shortage of studies in Spain using clinician administered interviews to assess rates of comorbidity among these patients, particularly in adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate Axis I psychiatric diagnoses in adolescent patients with an ED and to compare them with patients with a distinct disorder with adolescent onset, substance use disorder (SUD) patients...
December 21, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039667/body-dissatisfaction-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#13
Isabel Laporta-Herrero, Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera, Belén Barajas-Iglesias, Miguel Ángel Santed-Germán
PURPOSE: This study aims to analyze and compare the level of body dissatisfaction (BD) in different eating disorders (ED) subtypes. Also, the relationship between BD and certain aesthetic body shape model influence and psychological variables was analyzed. METHODS: The sample consisted of 204 adolescent patients, who were attending in an ED Unit in Zaragoza (Spain). The following instruments were applied: the Spanish Children's Depression Questionnaire (CEDI-II), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40), the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34) and the Questionnaire of Influences of Aesthetic Body shape Model (CIMEC-40)...
December 30, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030746/association-of-fluid-intelligence-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-population-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#14
Katherine M Keyes, Jonathan Platt, Alan S Kaufman, Katie A McLaughlin
Importance: Despite long-standing interest in the association of psychiatric disorders with intelligence, few population-based studies of psychiatric disorders have assessed intelligence. Objective: To investigate the association of fluid intelligence with past-year and lifetime psychiatric disorders, disorder age at onset, and disorder severity in a nationally representative sample of US adolescents. Design, Setting, and Participants: National sample of adolescents ascertained from schools and households from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement, collected 2001 through 2004...
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998699/effect-of-a-prior-history-of-overweight-on-return-of-menses-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#15
Sujatha Seetharaman, Neville H Golden, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Rebecka Peebles, Allison Payne, Jennifer L Carlson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a history of overweight, weight suppression, and weight gain during treatment have an effect on return of menses (ROM) in adolescents with eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of female adolescents presenting to an ED program from January 2007 to June 2009. RESULTS: One hundred sixty-three participants (mean age, 16.6 ± 2.1 years) met eligibility criteria...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997235/familial-factors-victimization-and-psychological-health-among-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-sweden
#16
Kelly Donahue, Niklas Långström, Sebastian Lundström, Paul Lichtenstein, Mats Forsman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influences of victimization experience and familial factors on the association between sexual minority status and psychological health outcomes among adolescents. METHODS: We used data from the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden, a prospective, population-based study of all twins born in Sweden since 1992. Cross-sectional analyses included individuals who completed assessments at age 18 years (n = 4898) from 2000 to 2013. We also compared psychological health among sexual minority adolescents and their nonminority co-twins...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989453/the-transition-from-thinness-oriented-to-muscularity-oriented-disordered-eating-in-adolescent-males-a-clinical-observation
#17
Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Jonathan M Mond
PURPOSE: Robust empirical evidence has illustrated a rising prevalence of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating among males, noting that both may be oriented more toward muscularity-as opposed to thinness-oriented concerns. While an elevated prevalence of premorbid anorexia nervosa (AN) has been noted among those with muscle dysmorphia, little evidence has examined the process of this transition from thinness-oriented to muscularity-oriented disordered eating. METHODS: This clinical observation presents a case of AN in an adolescent male, whose symptom presentation transitioned during the course of treatment for AN, into more muscularity-oriented disordered eating...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987207/disordered-eating-in-ethnic-minority-adolescents-with-overweight
#18
Rachel F Rodgers, Allison W Watts, S Bryn Austin, Jess Haines, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
High rates of disordered eating exist among adolescents with overweight and among ethnic/racial minority adolescents. Given the lack of research examining how eating disorder risk is moderated by both overweight and ethnicity/race, this study aimed to explore interactions between ethnicity/race and overweight status on disordered eating behaviors in a population-based adolescent sample. Cross-sectional data from adolescents (n = 2,271; 52% females) of White (23%), Black (34%), Hispanic (20%), and Asian (23%; 82% Hmong) ethnicity/race participating in the EAT 2010 study were used to examine associations between overweight status and disordered eating behaviors across ethnic/racial groups...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979821/weight-related-peer-teasing-moderates-genetic-and-environmental-risk-and-disordered-eating-twin-study
#19
A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Tracey D Wade
BACKGROUND: Weight-related peer-teasing is considered a potent prospective risk factor for development of disordered eating and clinical eating disorders. Currently, the interplay between genetic and environmental influences has yet to be elucidated. AIMS: To determine whether peer-teasing moderates latent genetic and/or environmental risk for disordered eating among female adolescent twins. METHOD: Full quantitative gene-environment interplay modelling of longitudinal trajectory of disordered eating in 685 female twins from the Australian Twin Registry...
December 15, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974308/prospective-associations-between-problematic-eating-attitudes-in-midchildhood-and-the-future-onset-of-adolescent-obesity-and-high-blood-pressure
#20
Kaitlin H Wade, Michael S Kramer, Emily Oken, Nicholas J Timpson, Oleg Skugarevsky, Rita Patel, Natalia Bogdanovich, Konstantin Vilchuck, George Davey Smith, Jennifer Thompson, Richard M Martin
BACKGROUND: Clinically diagnosed eating disorders may have adverse cardiometabolic consequences, including overweight or obesity and high blood pressure. However, the link between problematic eating attitudes in early adolescence, which can lead to disordered eating behaviors, and future cardiometabolic health is, to our knowledge, unknown. OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether variations in midchildhood eating attitudes influence the future development of overweight or obesity and high blood pressure...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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