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adolescent eating disorders

Yael Latzer, Orna Tzischinsky, Zohar Spivak-Lavi, Irit Chen, Sarah Weinberger-Litman
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating pathology (DEP) and body dissatisfaction are well-documented risk factors for eating disorders and have become more prevalent among adolescent males. METHOD: The sample consisted of 256 Israeli boys, in grades 8-12. Participants completed questionnaires measuring, Sense of Coherence (SOC), Body Shape (BSQ), Eating attitudes (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2). RESULTS: Findings revealed low levels of DEP among adolescent boys...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Merav Peled, Adi Enoch-Levy, Eitan Gur, Daniel Stein
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between general ability of mentalization, the specific aspect of affective mentalizing of self and others, emotion regulation strategies, and eating disorder (ED) symptoms. METHOD: Twenty-five female adolescent and young adult inpatients with EDs, and 22 healthy subjects, were administered a semi-structured interview - the Reflective Function (RF) scale, self-rating scales assessing alexithymia, emotion regulation, depression and ED symptomatology, and a neurocognitive measure assessing Theory of Mind...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Margaux Verschueren, Laurence Claes, Annabel Bogaerts, Nina Palmeroni, Amarendra Gandhi, Philip Moons, Koen Luyckx
Introduction: Eating disorder symptomatology, comprising both psychological and behavioral aspects of subclinical eating concerns, constitutes a clear precursor of developing eating disorders. It is crucial to investigate its antecedents and correlates to subsequently inform eating disorder prevention programs. The present study focused on identity formation, a core developmental task in adolescence, that has increasingly been linked to eating disorder development. Our main aim was to examine the temporal sequence between eating disorder symptomatology and identity formation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Reut Agam-Bitton, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Moria Golan
BACKGROUND: Investigation of the optimal setting for body image prevention programmes is important to maximize the outcomes of such programmes. OBJECTIVES: We examined the preferred setting for a school-based wellness programme called "In Favour of Myself". METHODS: A total of 259 girls (mean 13.82±0.64 years) were divided into a girls-only intervention group, a mixed-gender intervention and a waiting list control group. The participants completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, post-intervention (2 months) and at follow-up (3 months) examining changes in self-esteem, media literacy, body image and risk factors for eating disorders...
2018: PloS One
Briana Sacco, Urszula Kelley
Recognizing eating disorders in the pediatric population can be challenging for outpatient providers. With the high prevalence of these disorders in children and adolescents, it is critical that pediatricians recognize these disorders and connect these children and families with available treatments. This article provides a review of the current diagnostic criteria for pica, rumination disorder, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, avoidant restrictive food intake disorder, binge-eating disorder, other specified feeding or eating disorder, and unspecified feeding or eating disorder as described in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Maria C Monge, Miranda Loh
Eating disorders affect millions of children, adolescents, and their families worldwide, and the pediatric primary care provider is often the first line of evaluation for these patients. Eating disorders affect nearly every system in the body, and signs and symptoms vary depending on patient behaviors (restrictive eating, binge eating, purging). Because the diagnosis is not always straightforward, a clinician's ability to recognize the potential medical complications of eating disorders early in their course can help facilitate timely treatment and an appropriate level of support...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Sharonda Alston Taylor, Sarah Ditch, Shana Hansen
Adolescents with obesity are not immune to developing disordered eating and eating disorders. They most commonly present with atypical or subthreshold criterion due to excess body weight or questions regarding the presence of a distorted body image. Patients with premorbid overweight/obesity and subsequent achievement of weight loss may lead to delays in the recognition and treatment of disordered eating and eating disorders. In fact, disordered eating and eating disorders tend to be higher in those undergoing weight management...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Rachel Dawson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Karuna Mizusaki, Daniel Gih, Christina LaRosa, Rebekah Richmond, Renee D Rienecke
PURPOSE: To assess psychotropic use patterns and possible associations with age, eating disorder diagnosis and psychiatric comorbidity in adolescents and young adults with a primary eating disorder. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 86 consecutive patients with a primary eating disorder from August 2012 to December 2014 was conducted. Patients presented for a multidisciplinary evaluation at a United States-based academic program for eating disorders. RESULTS: Nearly half (45...
June 7, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sinem Akgül, Ayfer Alikaşifoğlu, Alev Özon, Nazlı Gönç, Yasemin Düzçeker, Sine Örs, Orhan Derman, Nuray Kanbur
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are at an increased risk of eating disturbances. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the risk of a disordered eating behavior (DEB) also applies to the well sibling sharing the same environment. METHODS: Well siblings were included if they were 10-18 years old, had a sibling with a T1DM diagnosis for at least 6 months and lived with the sibling during the illness. The control group was comprised of healthy participants recruited from the outpatient clinic with no family history of T1DM...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Agnes Ayton, Ali Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders affect 1%-4% of the population and they are associated with an increased rate of mortality and multimorbidity. Following the avoidable deaths of three people the parliamentary ombudsman called for a review of training for all junior doctors to improve patient safety. OBJECTIVE: To review the teaching and assessment relating to eating disorders at all levels of medical training in the UK. METHOD: We surveyed all the UK medical schools about their curricula, teaching and examinations related to eating disorders in 2017...
June 4, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Jack Johnston, Chloe Y Shu, Kimberley J Hoiles, Patrick J F Clarke, Hunna J Watson, Patrick D Dunlop, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: The link between perfectionism and eating disorders is well established in adults, however little research has been conducted in children and adolescents. The aim was to examine if perfectionism was a predictor of eating disorder symptoms at intake assessment, and 6 and 12 month review. METHOD: There were 175 children and adolescents aged 10-17 years (M = 14.47 years, SD = 1.31) who were assessed using the Eating Disorders Inventory-3 perfectionism subscale and the child adapted Eating Disorders Examination at intake, 6 and 12 months review...
May 18, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Jean-Nicolas Gallant, Clinton D Morgan, Joseph B Stoklosa, Stephen R Gannon, Chevis N Shannon, Christopher M Bonfield
OBJECTIVE: To examine the recent literature on psychological co-morbidities prevalent in youth living with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS)-including body image, eating behaviors, and mood disorders-in order to improve patient outcomes. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed using the PubMed database. Eligible studies were extracted based on defined inclusion criteria and the effects of (AIS) on psychological co-morbidities were evaluated...
May 23, 2018: World Neurosurgery
(no author information available yet)
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, defines eating disorders as a "persistent disturbance of eating or eating-related behavior that results in the altered consumption or absorption of food and that significantly impairs physical health or psychosocial functioning." The correct diagnosis of and distinction between eating disorders are important because the course, prognosis, and treatment may be vastly different. Although the age at peak incidence can vary depending on the eating disorder, these disorders commonly arise during adolescence...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
(no author information available yet)
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, defines eating disorders as a "persistent disturbance of eating or eating-related behavior that results in the altered consumption or absorption of food and that significantly impairs physical health or psychosocial functioning." The correct diagnosis of and distinction between eating disorders are important because the course, prognosis, and treatment may be vastly different. Although the age at peak incidence can vary depending on the eating disorder, these disorders commonly arise during adolescence...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Danielle Quesada, Nasar U Ahmed, Kristopher P Fennie, Erica L Gollub, Boubakari Ibrahimou
In the past few years we have become increasingly aware of strong associations between obesity and ADHD. Both conditions are major public health issues, affecting children, adolescents and adults alike. OBJECTIVE: This review seeks to (1) examine prior research on the association between ADHD and obesity in children and adolescents; (2) discuss mechanisms and consequent behavioral attributes to gain understanding of the path association between ADHD and obesity, (3) review studies examining the role of physical activity, medication, eating behavior and gender on the relationship between ADHD and obesity in children and adolescents...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Alda Troncone, Crescenzo Cascella, Antonietta Chianese, Ilaria Galiero, Angela Zanfardino, Santino Confetto, Laura Perrone, Dario Iafusco
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes over a five-year period in body image accuracy and dissatisfaction, as well as relationships with disordered eating behaviors (DEBs), in young patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Of 81 children (42 male, 39 female) with type 1 diabetes first assessed at ages 5.1-10.06 years, 67 (83%) were re-enrolled and interviewed as adolescents (aged 10.07-15.08 years) at follow-up. DEBs were assessed using a parent-report standardized measure...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Nadine Zeeni, Rita Doumit, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that the use of technology and media, in their different available forms, may have detrimental effects on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents and young adults. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the use of different types of technology and media, attitudes toward them, and how they relate to physical and mental well-being in Lebanese university students. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design was used...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Leslie K Anderson, Kimberly Claudat, Anne Cusack, Tiffany A Brown, Julie Trim, Roxanne Rockwell, Tiffany Nakamura, Lauren Gomez, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Although much empirical attention has been devoted to emotion regulation (ER) in individuals with eating disorders, little is known about ER across a wide age range and among different ED subtypes. The current study sought to examine ER in a sample of eating disorder patients. METHOD: A total of 364 adults and adolescents with anorexia nervosa restricting subtype (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge/purge subtype (AN-BP), or bulimia nervosa (BN) were assessed with the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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