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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929065/the-effect-of-leonardite-and-lignite-on-the-health-of-weaned-piglets
#1
Martina Trckova, Alena Lorencova, Vladimir Babak, Jiri Neca, Miroslav Ciganek
A three-week trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of leonardite and lignite, natural sources of humic substances, on selected indicators of health status of weaned piglets. A total of 45 weaned piglets were assigned to three dietary treatments: Control - basal diet without any medication; Leonardite or Lignite - diet supplemented with lignite or leonardite at a dose of 20 g/kg, respectively. Leonardite differed from lignite in the content of humic substances and minerals. Diarrhoea incidence and severity, growth performance, haematological and biochemical status, biomarkers of oxidative stress, serum fatty acid (FA) profile and faecal microbiota composition were monitored...
June 12, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928318/predictors-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-among-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Séphora Louyse Silva Aquino, Aline Tuane Oliveira da Cunha, Hermilla Torres Pereira, Erika Paula Silva Freitas, Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh, Josivan Gomes Lima, Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima, Karine Cavalcanti Maurício Sena-Evangelista, Lucia Fátima Campos Pedrosa
Background: The risk of metabolic syndrome can be influenced by inadequate vitamin D levels, and exposure to sunlight is the main external source of vitamin D. The present study assessed the influence of environmental, biological, and nutritional factors in relation to seasonal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration in individuals with metabolic syndrome. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 180 individuals with metabolic syndrome aged between 18 and 80 years...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925439/effects-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-supplementation-on-reproductive-parameters-associated-with-the-performance-of-suckled-beef-cows
#3
P L P Fontes, D D Henry, F M Ciriaco, N Oosthuizen, R F Cooke, V R G Mercadante, N DiLorenzo, G C Lamb
To evaluate the effects of a polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) supplement on reproductive parameters of suckled beef cows, two experiments were conducted. In Experiment (Exp.) 1, 60 primiparous cows were randomly assigned to one of two treatments: CTRL - 1.36 kg/day of corn gluten feed (CGF) and MEGR - 1.36 kg/day of CGF and 0.23 kg/day of calcium salts of soybean oil. Supplementation occurred from 30 days before fixed-time artificial insemination (TAI) until 7 days post-TAI. The expression of interferon-stimulated genes (ISG) was measured on days 18 and 21...
June 21, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921357/cardiovascular-tests-for-risk-assessment-in-asymptomatic-adults-and-implications-for-pilots
#4
I Made Ady Wirawan, Robin F Griffiths, Peter D Larsen
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine which marker or testing protocols have been suggested for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment in asymptomatic populations, at which CVD risk level, and how this can be implemented for CVD risk assessment in pilot populations. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using Systematic Reviews Subset on PubMed; the OvidSP interface, including all EBM reviews and EMBASE databases; and the G-I-N International Guideline Library...
July 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917200/analysis-the-effect-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-preconditioning-on-neuronal-apoptosis-ca2-concentration-and-caspases-expression-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#5
J-Y Pan, R-X Cai, Y Chen, Y Li, W-W Lin, J Wu, X-D Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning (HBO-PC) on neuronal apoptosis, Ca2+ concentration, and Caspases expression after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 rats were randomly divided into control group (CON group), hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning group (HBO-PC group) and spinal cord injury group (SCI group), with 12 rats in each group. Rats in group HBO-PC were given HBO-PC intervention before modeling...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916137/high-serum-osteopontin-levels-are-associated-with-prevalent-fractures-and-worse-lipid-profile-in-post-menopausal-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
T Filardi, V Carnevale, R Massoud, C Russo, L Nieddu, F Tavaglione, I Turinese, A Lenzi, E Romagnoli, S Morano
PURPOSE: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have increased fracture risk. Osteopontin (OPN) is a protein involved in bone remodeling and inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of OPN with fracture prevalence and with metabolic parameters in post-menopausal women with T2DM. METHODS: Sixty-four post-menopausal women with T2DM (age 67.0 ± 7.8 years, diabetes duration 8.9 ± 6.7 years), enrolled in a previous study, were followed up (3...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911634/blockage-of-lysophosphatidic-acid-reverses-arthritis-induced-hypersensitivity-and-cav%C3%AE-2%C3%AE-1-and-p2x3-expression-in-dorsal-root-ganglia
#7
J Su, A Delaney, R Matteo, B Bartlett, K Kultima, T Hökfelt, C I Svensson
Aims The lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is an important mediator involved in neuropathic and bone cancer pain models. We are investigating if LPA is involved in arthritis-induced pain in the collagen antibody-induced arthritis (CAIA) mice model. Methods Arthritis was induced in male CBA mice by injection of 1.5 mg collagen type II antibody cocktail. Mechanical and thermal sensitivity and the degree of arthritis were assessed with von Frey filaments, Hargreaves box (heat), acetone test (cold) and visual scoring, respectively...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908897/impacts-of-parathyroidectomy-on-calcium-and-phosphorus-metabolism-disorder-arterial-calcification-and-arterial-stiffness-in-haemodialysis-patients
#8
Zhuo Gao, Xiaomei Li, Jing Miao, Lide Lun
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and calcium and phosphorus metabolism disorder are important complications in haemodialysis patients. Parathyroidectomy (PTX) may prevent or delay the progress of vascular calcification in haemodialysis patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impacts of PTX on calcium and phosphorus metabolism, arterial calcification and arterial stiffness in haemodialysis patients with SHPT. METHODS: Twenty-one SHPT-haemodialysis patients were selected for PTX...
June 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905504/er-yag-laser-for-metal-and-ceramic-bracket-debonding-an-in-vitro-study-on-intrapulpal-temperature-sem-and-eds-analysis
#9
Kinga Grzech-Leśniak, Jacek Matys, Dorota Żmuda-Stawowiak, Krzysztof Mroczka, Marzena Dominiak, Aldo Brugnera Junior, Reinhard Gruber, Georgios E Romanos, Anton Sculean
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of bracket removal using an erbium laser on the pulp temperature and enamel surface. BACKGROUND: Removal of orthodontic brackets with conventional debonding pliers may result in enamel cracks. To avoid damage to the enamel surface and effectively remove metal or ceramic brackets, different types of lasers, such as Nd:YAG, CO2 , TM:YAP, diode laser, or Er:YAG, have been introduced for debonding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 55 brackets (n = 55; 20 metal and 35 ceramic ones) were bonded to 55 caries-free premolars extracted for orthodontic indications...
June 15, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904966/effect-of-the-calcium-silicate-based-sealer-removal-protocols-and-time-point-of-acid-etching-on-the-dentin-adhesive-interface
#10
Jéssika Mayhara Pereira Morais, Keli Regina Victorino, Wilfredo Gustavo Escalante-Otárola, Keren Cristina Fagundes Jordão-Basso, Regina Guenka Palma-Dibb, Milton Carlos Kuga
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects when acid etching on the dentin surface was immediately performed (I) or 7 days (D) after calcium silicate-based sealer (MTA Fillapex) removal, using 95% ethanol (E) or xylol (X). First study, 60 bovine incisor dentin specimens were impregnated with sealer and divided into six groups (n = 10): (EI), E + I; (XI), X + I; (ED), E + D; (XD), X + D, (UN), untreated and (MR), mechanical removal of sealer. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images (500×) were obtained from each specimen and scores assessed the sealer residues persistence...
June 15, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902116/association-between-the-modified-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-postmenopausal-women-without-diabetes
#11
Seok Hui Kang, Kyu Hyang Cho, Jun Young Do
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal Korean women without diabetes. METHODS: Our study enrolled postmenopaual women without diabetes (n = 6826). We used the DASH-Korean quartile (KQ) model using six nutrients. For protein, fiber, calcium, and potassium, we scored 1 for the first quartile (1Q), 2 for the second quartile (2Q), 3 for the third quartile (3Q), and 4 for the fourth quartile (4Q)...
June 14, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900591/patterns-of-solid-particle-embolization-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-and-correlation-with-aortic-valve-calcification
#12
Suneil K Aggarwal, Nicola Delahunty Rn, Leon J Menezes, Richard Perry, Bethany Wong, Markus Reinthaler, Muhiddin Ozkor, Michael J Mullen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate solid embolization during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and correlate this with aortic valve calcification. BACKGROUND: There is a known stroke risk with TAVI, thought partly to be due to dislodgement of native aortic valve particles during implantation. However, to date there is little evidence that aortic valve calcification actually impacts embolic risk. METHODS: Transcranial Doppler (TCD) was performed on consecutive suitable patients undergoing TAVI, using hardware and software enabling differentiation between solid and gaseous emboli...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900479/the-synergistic-use-of-coronary-artery-calcium-imaging-and-noninvasive-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-for-detecting-subclinical-atherosclerosis-and-myocardial-ischemia
#13
REVIEW
Alan Rozanski, Daniel S Berman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to assess the synergistic use of coronary artery calcium (CAC) scanning and stress-rest SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for the workup of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). RECENT FINDINGS: The CAC score bears a proportional relationship to both the frequency of obstructive CAD and inducible ischemia. Consequently, the test can be used to improve the Bayesian assessment of pre-test CAD likelihood and assist in triaging patients for stress testing...
June 13, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897296/high-iliac-calcium-score-is-associated-with-increased-severity-and-complexity-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-and-predicts-global-atherosclerotic-burden
#14
Zsuzsanna Jeremias, Nora Rat, Imre Benedek, Emese Rapolti, Mihaela Ratiu, Adrian Muresan, Theodora Benedek
BACKGROUND: The role of vascular calcifications in iliac arteries for predicting global atherosclerotic burden in still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether iliac calcium score (ICS), a new computed tomographic angiography (CTA) derived biomarker of vascular calcification, can predict the severity and complexity of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) as well as the global atherosclerotic burden. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single centre, non-randomized, observational prospective study on 84 consecutive patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease, undergoing peripheral CTA examination of the lower limbs, divided into high (n = 42) and low ICS (n = 42) groups with a median value for ICS of 3934 HU...
June 13, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894482/relationship-between-left-main-and-left-anterior-descending-arteries-bifurcation-angle-and-coronary-artery-calcium-score-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-3-dimensional-analysis-of-coronary-computed-tomography
#15
Takao Konishi, Naohiro Funayama, Tadashi Yamamoto, Daisuke Hotta, Shinya Tanaka
BACKGROUND: A high coronary artery calcium score (CACS) predicts a poor prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease. We examined the relationship between the bifurcation angle and the CACS of the left main (LM) and left anterior descending (LAD) arteries in patients suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We analyzed the data of 121 patients who underwent coronary computed tomography between October 2014 and June 2015 and whose estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was <60 ml/min/1...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890914/a-user-friendly-application-to-automate-ct-renal-stone-measurement
#16
Justin Bradley Ziemba, Pan Li, Rishab Gurnani, Satomi Kawamoto, Elliot Fishman, George Fung, Wesley Ludwig, Dan Stoianovici, Brian Matlaga
INTRODUCTION: Computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for visualizing renal and ureteral calculi. CT 3D reformatting allows for automatic, accurate, and reliable measurement of stone size, volume, density, and location. In this study, we aimed to develop and test a software platform capable of calculating a battery of clinically important urinary stone parameters at the point-of-care (POC). METHODS: The syngo Calcium Scoring (Siemens Corporation) algorithm was modified to identify calcium-based stones using an attenuation threshold (250 HU) within a region of interest (ROI)...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890123/visual-estimate-of-coronary-artery-calcium-predicts-cardiovascular-disease-in-copd
#17
Surya P Bhatt, Ella A Kazerooni, John D Newell, John E Hokanson, Matthew J Budoff, Chandra A Dass, Carlos H Martinez, Sandeep Bodduluri, Francine L Jacobson, Andrew Yen, Mark T Dransfield, Carl Fuhrman, Hrudaya Nath
BACKGROUND: COPD is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), and coronary artery calcification (CAC) provides additional prognostic information. With increasing use of non-gated CT scans in clinical practice, we hypothesized that the visual Weston CAC score would perform as well as Agatston score in predicting prevalent and incident coronary artery (CAD) and CVD in COPD. METHODS: We measured CAC using Agatston and Weston scores on baseline CT scans in 1875 current and former smokers enrolled in the COPDGene study...
June 8, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888950/comparison-of-amlodipine-versus-other-calcium-channel-blockers-on-blood-pressure-variability-in-hypertensive-patients-in-china-a-retrospective-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#18
Lin Zhang, JinKui Yang, LanTing Li, DongDong Liu, XiaoPing Xie, Peng Dong, Yong Lin
AIM: Reducing the fluctuation of blood pressure has recently been recognized as a potential target for improving management of hypertension to prevent cardiovascular events, particularly for strokes. Some randomized controlled trials demonstrated that amlodipine can effectively reduce blood pressure as a well-established, long-acting calcium channel blocker (CCB). However, few data are available for amlodipine on blood pressure variability (BPV) in China in a real-world setting. This study aimed to assess the effect of amlodipine versus other CCB antihypertensive agents on BPV...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887457/impact-of-optimal-glycemic-control-on-the-progression-of-coronary-artery-calcification-in-asymptomatic-patients-with-diabetes
#19
Ki-Bum Won, Donghee Han, Ji Hyun Lee, Sang-Eun Lee, Ji Min Sung, Su-Yeon Choi, Eun Ju Chun, Sung Hak Park, Hae-Won Han, Jidong Sung, Hae Ok Jung, Hyuk-Jae Chang
BACKGROUND: Data on the impact of optimal glycemic control (OGC) on the progression of coronary artery calcification, an important marker for future adverse cardiovascular events in individuals with diabetes are limited. METHODS: We investigated 1637 asymptomatic adults with diabetes (56 ± 8 years, 88.8% men) and no history of coronary artery disease or stroke, who underwent serial coronary artery calcium (CAC) screening. The median inter-scan period was 3...
September 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882204/basic-calcium-phosphate-and-pyrophosphate-crystals-in-early-and-late-osteoarthritis-relationship-with-clinical-indices-and-inflammation
#20
Paola Frallonardo, Roberta Ramonda, Luca Peruzzo, Anna Scanu, Paola Galozzi, Leonardo Tauro, Leonardo Punzi, Francesca Oliviero
The current study aimed to investigate the association of calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) and basic calcium phosphate (BCP) crystals in synovial fluid (SF) of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) with disease severity, clinical symptoms, and synovial inflammation. One-hundred-and-ten patients with knee OA completed the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) self-assessment questionnaire, the Lequesne algofunctional index survey, and the visual analogic scale forms; they also underwent power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS) to assess synovial inflammation...
June 7, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
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