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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453774/effect-of-dietary-bacteriophage-supplementation-on-internal-organs-fecal-excretion-and-ileal-immune-response-in-laying-hens-challenged-by-salmonella-enteritidis
#1
P A Adhikari, D E Cosby, N A Cox, J H Lee, W K Kim
With the current researches on replacing antibiotics with different dietary interventions, bacteriophages (BP) are potential antimicrobial intervention because of their ability to affect specific bacteria. A study was conducted to evaluate the role of BP against Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE) on SE internal organs colonization and ileum immune response in laying hens. Hens were challenged both orally and intracloacally with 108 cfu/mL cells of nalidixic acid resistant Salmonella Enteritidis (SENAR)...
April 26, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446484/cystic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-following-acute-necrotising-pancreatitis
#2
Manoj Thillai, Pulkit Sethi, Ramachandran Narayana Menon, Nazar Puthukudiyil Kader
Cystic artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare pathology. Of the 20 cases reported so far, chronic cholecystitis and iatrogenic biliary injury form the majority of causes. Currently, there is no published report of such pseudoaneurysms caused secondary to pancreatitis, hence the management in such a scenario is unclear. We hereby present the first such report of cystic artery pseudoaneurysm occurring as a sequel of acute necrotising pancreatitis. A 33-year-old man who recovered from a recent attack of acute pancreatitis was readmitted for melena and fever...
April 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425036/lobocapillaria-austropacifica-n-g-n-sp-nematoda-capillariidae-from-the-obtuse-barracuda-sphyraena-obtusata-cuvier-sphyraenidae-perciformes-off-eastern-australia
#3
František Moravec, Ian Beveridge
Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies, a new nematode parasite, Lobocapillaria austropacifica n. sp. (Capillariidae), is described from the gall-bladder of the marine fish (obtuse barracuda) Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier (Perciformes: Sphyraenidae) from off the eastern Pacific coast of Australia, for which a new genus Lobocapillaria n. g. is established. This new genus is mainly characterised by a single row of stichocytes, the presence of two large, conspicuously elongated lateral caudal lobes and a pair of subventral papillae at their base in males, a flat spicule distended laterally towards its proximal end and provided with superficial rough transverse grooves, a spicular canal and a very long, aspinose spicular sheath with a conspicuous expansion near its proximal end when evaginated...
April 19, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404483/anaconda-paramyxovirus-infection-in-an-adult-green-anaconda-after-prolonged-incubation-pathological-characterization-and-whole-genome-sequence-analysis
#4
Patrick C Y Woo, Paolo Martelli, Suk-Wai Hui, Candy C Y Lau, Joseph M Groff, Rachel Y Y Fan, Susanna K P Lau, Kwok-Yung Yuen
From July 2011 to June 2012, 31 out of 33 green anaconda juveniles from an oceanarium in Hong Kong died over a 12-month period. These anacondas were progeny of a female anaconda purchased from Japan and added to the collection in May 2011. The juvenile anacondas were born in July 2011. A novel paramyxovirus, named anaconda paramyxovirus (AnaPV), was isolated from these affected juvenile anacondas. In July 2015, one of the remaining two anacondas, that survived the cluster of fatal infections, died at the age of four...
April 9, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396555/heterotopic-pancreatic-tissue-associated-with-type-1-choledochal-cyst-cystolithiasis-and-gall-bladder-stones-a-rare-entity-with-review-of-literature
#5
Aditi Arora, Pradyumn Singh, Nidhi Anand, Nuzhat Husain
Choledochal cyst is a rare congenital malformation, particularly when associated with stones in cyst (cystolithiasis), gallstones and heterotopic pancreatic tissue within the cyst wall. The current case represents a 5-year-old boy with abdominal pain, pale colored stools, and jaundice. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showed a cystic lesion, arising from common bile duct with cystolithiasis and cholelithiasis. He underwent excision of choledochal cyst and gallbladder with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy...
April 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365715/gall-bladder-agenesis-a-rare-embryonic-cause-of-recurrent-biliary-colic
#6
Aarthi Rajkumar, Albina Piya
BACKGROUND Gallbladder agenesis (GA) is an extremely rare anatomic anomaly with a reported incidence of less than 0.5%. It is usually asymptomatic, but can present with features of biliary colic and cholecystitis. We present here a case of GA in a patient with recurrent biliary colic.  CASE REPORT A 24-year-old African American woman presented with recurrent episodes of right upper-quadrant abdominal pain. During her first episode, she was found to have elevated transaminases and clinical features of cholecystitis, but ultrasound did not visualize a gallbladder and she was discharged with a diagnosis of biliary colic...
April 2, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356078/calcium-oxalate-crystal-related-kidney-injury-in-a-patient-receiving-roux-en-y-hepaticojejunostomy-due-to-gall-bladder-cancer
#7
Jun-Li Tsai, Shang-Feng Tsai
BACKGROUND: Calcium oxalate nephropathy is rare in current practice. It was a common complication during jejunoileal bypass, but much less seen in modern gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity. The major cause of it is enteric hyperoxaluria. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a patient here with acute kidney disease due to calcium oxalate nephropathy, rather than the conditions mentioned above. The male patient received a Roux-en Y hepaticojejunostomy and common bile duct drainage...
March 29, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355731/-the-455th-case-swollen-leg-jaundice-and-mental-disturbance
#8
R Dong, L Weng, T Guo, T N Zhu, J L Zhao, Q J Wu, X F Zeng
A 17-year-old young man with a history of swollen leg and intermittent jaundice was presented to Peking Union Medical College Hospital with acute fever and mental disturbance. He developed deep venous thrombosis, acute myocardial infarction and plantar skin necrosis during the past four years, and was presented with an acute episode of fever, thrombocytopenia, acute kidney injury, acute myocardial infarction, mental disturbance, and obstructive jaundice. Laboratory tests showed schistocytes on peripheral blood smear...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340928/the-difficult-gall-bladder-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-and-the-need-for-open-conversion
#9
A Ashfaq, K Ahmadieh, A A Shah, A B Chapital, K L Harold, D J Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Surgery for the difficult gallbladder (DGB) is associated with increased risk compared to more routine laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LC). Laparoscopic "damage control" methods including cholecystostomy, fundus-down approach and subtotal cholecystectomy (SC) have been proposed to avoid conversion to open. We hypothesized that a Total LC (TLC) for DBG can be completed safely with an acceptably low conversion rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients that underwent LC from January 2005-June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337321/prototypic-18-f-labeled-argininamide-type-neuropeptide-y-y1r-antagonists-as-tracers-for-pet-imaging-of-mammary-carcinoma
#10
Max Keller, Simone Maschauer, Albert Brennauer, Philipp Tripal, Norman Koglin, Ralf Dittrich, Günther Bernhardt, Torsten Kuwert, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Armin Buschauer, Olaf Prante
The neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1 receptor (Y1R) selective radioligand (R)-N(α)-(2,2-diphenylacetyl)-N(ω)-[4-(2-[(18)F]fluoropropanoylamino)butyl]aminocarbonyl-N-(4-hydroxybenzyl)argininamide ([(18)F]23), derived from the high-affinity Y1R antagonist BIBP3226, was developed for imaging studies of Y1R-positive tumors. Starting from the argininamide core bearing amine-functionalized spacer moieties, a series of fluoropropanoylated and fluorobenzoylated derivatives was synthesized and studied for Y1R affinity. The fluoropropanoylated derivative 23 displayed high affinity (Ki = 1...
March 9, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324166/redescription-of-chloromyxum-ellipticum-li-nie-1973-myxosporea-chloromyxidae-infecting-the-gall-bladder-of-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idellus-valenciennes-1844-supplemented-by-morphological-and-molecular-characteristics
#11
J Y Zhang, Y L Zhao, M D Batueva, D Luo, Z F Xing, Q Q Zhang, X H Liu
The traditional taxonomy of the genus Chloromyxum Mingazzini, 1890 has been intensively challenged to be paraphyletic by recent ribosomal DNA (rDNA)-based phylogenetic analysis. Undersampling to get rich sequence data to infer more scientific phylogenetic relationships makes scientists conservatively assign all non-marine elasmobranch-infecting species as Chloromyxum sensu lato. Although complex ridge pattern on the spore surface observed by scanning electron microscopy was thought to be critical for the identification of Chloromyxum species, insufficient data also prevent this ultrastructural data to be a valid taxonomic feature for this genus...
March 21, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285911/evaluation-of-anti-diabetic-effect-and-gall-bladder-function-with-2-thio-5-thiomethyl-substituted-imidazoles-as-tgr5-receptor-agonists
#12
Xuqing Zhang, Zhihua Sui, Jack Kauffman, Cuifen Hou, Cailin Chen, Fuyong Du, Thomas Kirchner, Yin Liang, Dana Johnson, William V Murray, Keith Demarest
A novel series of 2-thio-5-thiomethyl substituted imidazoles was discovered to be potent TGR5 agonists that possessed glucose-lowering effects while inhibiting gall bladder emptying in mice.
February 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285505/platynosomum-fastosum-trematoda-dicrocoeliidae-from-cats-in-vietnam-morphological-redescription-and-molecular-phylogenetics
#13
Hung Manh Nguyen, Hien Van Hoang, Loan Thi Ho
The present study was performed to reveal the morphological characteristics and molecular phylogenetic position of Platynosomum fastosum Kossack, 1910. A total 167 specimens of P. fastosum were collected in 8 (4.9%) out of 163 sets of gall-bladders and bile ducts of cats. The number of worms was 1-105 per infected cat. This species was characterized by having a long and slender body, slightly larger ventral sucker than the oral sucker, indistinct prepharynx, small pharynx, short esophagus, bifurcation midway between 2 suckers, and ceca extending to the posterior end of the body...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277954/physiological-responses-to-fasting-and-estivation-for-the-three-toed-amphiuma-amphiuma-tridactylum
#14
Matthew E Smith, Stephen M Secor
Species of Amphiuma enter a state of subterranean estivation with the drying of their aquatic habitat. Characteristic of amphibian fasting and estivation is an initial depression of metabolism and tissue mass and function with fasting, followed by a more pronounced adaptive decrease in metabolism and tissue function with estivation. We hypothesized that Amphiuma likewise experiences a two-stage set of responses to estivation. Therefore, we examined the physiological responses of the three-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma tridactylum) to fasting and estivation treatments...
March 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261777/case-of-an-intrahepatic-sewing-needle-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Özgür Bostancı, Ufuk Oğuz İdiz, Muharrem Battal, Cemal Kaya, Mehmet Mihmanlı
An intrahepatic foreign body (FB) is rarely observed. In most cases, object passes from the gastrointestinal tract to the liver via migration. Uncomplicated intrahepatic FB can be followed without surgical intervention; however, complicated intrahepatic FB requires laparoscopy or laparotomy. Presently described is laparoscopic operation on 22-year-old female patient who had incidental sewing needle in the right liver lobe. As there were initially no complications, follow-up monitoring was recommended. However, the patient subsequently complained of stomach pain and developed fever...
January 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261768/percutaneous-cholecystostomy-a-curative-treatment-modality-forelderly-and-high-asa-score-acute-cholecystitis-patients
#16
Hüseyin Kerem Tolan, Aslıhan Semiz Oysu, Fatih Başak, İbrahim Atak, Mustafa Özbağrıaçık, Adnan Özpek, Mert Kaskal, Fikret Ezberci, Gürhan Baş
BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis (AC) is a common emergency seen by general surgeons. Optimal treatment is laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC); however, in cases where surgery cannot be performed due to high risk of morbidity and mortality, such as in elderly patients with comorbid diseases, other treatment modalities may be used. Percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) is one alternative method to treat AC. PC can be used to provide drainage of the gall bladder and control infection. Subsequently, interval cholecystectomy can be performed when there are better conditions...
January 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253553/utilizing-the-gall-bladder-as-a-conduit-in-treating-biliary-obstruction-a-historical-perspective
#17
Manjuka Raj, Eunice Lee, Christopher Christophi, Vijayaragavan Muralidharan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240505/gallbladder-duplication-masquerading-as-a-dilated-common-bile-duct-with-choledocholithiasis
#18
S Mewa Kinoo, R Naidoo, K Maharaj, B Singh
A duplicate gall bladder was diagnosed at laparoscopy, having been erroneously diagnosed on ultrasonography as a dilated common bile duct with choledocholithiasis. Gallbladder duplication is a congenital abnormality with a rare incidence, occuring in approximately 1 in 4 000 births and 0.020% in al large autopsy series. This report highlights its existence to improve awareness and lessen the potential for biliary injury.
June 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222323/a-case-report-of-the-clear-cell-variant-of-gallbladder-carcinoma
#19
Ravi Maharaj, Christo Cave, Kevin Sarran, Nigel Bascombe, Dilip Dan, Wesley Greaves, Wayne A Warner
INTRODUCTION: Clear cell gallbladder carcinoma accounts for less than 1% of all gallbladder malignancies and demonstrates its unique histopathological characteristics in patients with no prior medical illness or familial predisposition. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present a case of a 56-year-old female, with no prior medical conditions presented with a 2-month history of upper abdominal pain. Routine hematological and biochemical tests were unremarkable. An abdominal ultrasound revealed the presence of a gallbladder calculi, and a fundic mass while magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography revealed a 8...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214734/developmental-toxicity-and-molecular-responses-of-marine-medaka-oryzias-melastigma-embryos-to-ciguatoxin-p-ctx-1-exposure
#20
Meng Yan, Priscilla T Y Leung, Jack C H Ip, Jin-Ping Cheng, Jia-Jun Wu, Jia-Rui Gu, Paul K S Lam
Ciguatoxins are produced by toxic benthic dinoflagellates and cause ciguatera fish poisoning worldwide, but the toxic effects on developing marine fish have not been well investigated. The Pacific ciguatoxin (P-CTX-1), is a potent sodium channel agonist, which is one of the most toxic members among all CTXs. This study evaluated the toxic effects of microinjecting purified Pacific ciguatoxin-1 (P-CTX-1) on embryonic development of marine medaka Oryzias melastigma. A lower 96h-LD50 value was estimated for eleuthero-embryos (1...
April 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
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