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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203289/epidemiological-molecular-characterization-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-salmonella-enterica-serovars-isolated-from-chicken-farms-in-egypt
#1
Hanem El-Sharkawy, Amin Tahoun, Abd El-Galiel A El-Gohary, Moshira El-Abasy, Fares El-Khayat, Trudi Gillespie, Yukio Kitade, Hafez M Hafez, Heinrich Neubauer, Hosny El-Adawy
BACKGROUND: Salmonella is one of major causes of foodborne outbreaks globally. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence, typing and antibiotic susceptibilities of Salmonella enterica serovars isolated from 41 broiler chicken farms located in Kafr El-Sheikh Province in Northern Egypt during 2014-2015. The clinical signs and mortalities were observed. RESULTS: In total 615 clinical samples were collected from broiler flocks from different organs (liver, intestinal content and gall bladder)...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203228/encapsulation-of-antifungals-in-micelles-protects-candida-albicans-during-gall-bladder-infection
#2
Shih-Hung Hsieh, Sascha Brunke, Matthias Brock
Candida albicans is a dimorphic fungus that colonizes human mucosal surfaces with the potential to cause life-threatening invasive candidiasis. Studies on systemic candidiasis in a murine infection model using in vivo real-time bioluminescence imaging revealed persistence of C. albicans in the gall bladder under antifungal therapy. Preliminary analyses showed that bile conferred resistance against a wide variety of antifungals enabling survival in this cryptic host niche. Here, bile and its components were studied for their ability to reduce antifungal efficacy in order to elucidate the underlying mechanism of protection...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195110/a-case-of-gallbladder-mass-malakoplakia-the-tumor-mimicker
#3
Kanwaljeet Singh, Tathagatta Chatterjee
Diagnosis of malakoplakia presenting as gall bladder mass is a diagnostic dilemma faced by pathologists, radiologists, and surgeons. Malakoplakia is a rare inflammatory disorder and tumor mimicker usually occurring in the urinary tract, may occasionally be found in gall bladder. Here, we present a rare case, presenting as gall bladder mass in a known case of gallstone disease, clinically suspected as carcinoma and later turned out to be malakoplakia in gall bladder.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185825/amazonian-waters-harbour-an-ancient-freshwater-ceratomyxa-lineage-cnidaria-myxosporea
#4
Suellen A Zatti, Stephen D Atkinson, Jerri L Bartholomew, Antônio A M Maia, Edson A Adriano
A new species of Ceratomyxa parasitizing the gall bladder of Cichla monoculus, an endemic cichlid fish from the Amazon basin in Brazil, is described using morphological and molecular data. In the bile, both immature and mature myxospores were found floating freely or inside elongated plasmodia: length 304 (196-402) μm and width 35.7 (18.3-55.1) μm. Mature spores were elongated and only slightly crescent-shaped in frontal view with a prominent sutural line between two valve cells, which had rounded ends. Measurements of formalin-fixed myxospores: length 6...
February 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166071/gallbladder-volume-in-sikkimese-population
#5
R Dey, B K Sharma, V K Singh, D K Jha
Background Gall bladder volume can have clinical and therapeutic implications and possibly affect certain pathophysiological mechanisms of many diseases affecting the gallbladder including gall stones. Objective The objective of the study was to establish baseline indices of gallbladder volume for the Sikkimese population and determine its correlation with age, sex and Body Mass Index. Method A prospective epidemiologic study on selected 100 patients (equal male to female ratio) over the age of 36 years, undergoing ultrasound scan of abdomen, was undertaken...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152549/circulating-copper-and-zinc-levels-and-risk-of-hepatobiliary-cancers-in-europeans
#6
Magdalena Stepien, David J Hughes, Sandra Hybsier, Christina Bamia, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Aurélie Affret, Mathilde His, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Verena Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Phlippos Orfanos, Domenico Palli, Sabina Sieri, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Salvatore Panico, H B As Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Cristina Lasheras, Catalina Bonet Bonet, Elena Molina-Portillo, Miren Dorronsoro, José María Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Bodil Ohlsson, Klas Sjöberg, Mårten Werner, Dmitry Shungin, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Heinz Freisling, Amanda J Cross, Lutz Schomburg, Mazda Jenab
BACKGROUND: Copper and zinc are essential micronutrients and cofactors of many enzymatic reactions that may be involved in liver-cancer development. We aimed to assess pre-diagnostic circulating levels of copper, zinc and their ratio (Cu/Zn) in relation to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) and gall bladder and biliary tract (GBTC) cancers. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144091/clinicopathological-profile-of-gastrointestinal-lymphomas-in-kashmir
#7
Mehnaaz Sultan Khuroo, Summyia Farooq Khwaja, Ajaz Rather, Zhahid Hassan, Ruby Reshi, Naira Sultan Khuroo
BACKGROUND: The histological categorization of lymphoma has been a source of controversy for many years for both clinicians and pathologists. Clinicopathologic information of gastrointestinal lymphomas in Indian subcontinent is lacking. We studied histopathological spectrum of Primary Gastrointestinal Lymphomas (PGIL) and attempted to classify the G.I. lymphomas based on the recent WHO classification in to major histological types and immunological categories. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was done to evaluate the clinicopathological pattern of 100 cases with a histopathological diagnosis of primary gastrointestinal lymphoma at a tertiary care hospital...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141556/ultrasound-measurement-of-the-gallbladder-wall-thickness-in-the-assessment-of-the-risk-of-conversion-from-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-to-open-surgery-olkusz-county-experience
#8
Dariusz Kania
: The aim of the study was to assess the risk of intraoperative difficulties, conversion and biliary-intestinal fistula during laparoscopic cholecystectomy on the basis of an ultrasound-measured gall-bladder wall thickness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 50 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for chronic gallstone-induced cholecystitis. To calculate the relationships between categorical variables, a chi-square (χ2) independence test was used, and the results were interpreted for the significance threshold of α = 0...
December 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133234/-a-case-of-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-difficult-to-distinguish-from-a-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#9
Yutaka Umehara, Minoru Umehara, Shinji Tsutsumi, Akitoshi Kimura, Tomohisa Tokura, Kenichi Takahashi, Takayuki Morita
A 78-year-old man, who had presented with onset of ulcerative colitis at the age of 56 years and had been in remission for the past several years, attended our hospital with a diagnosis of obstructive jaundice. A hilar cholangiocarcinoma with right hepatic artery invasion was suspected on contrast enhanced CT. An endoscopic retrograde cholangiography indicated Bismuth type 2 stenosis. The stenotic bile duct brushings revealed no malignancy. Primary sclerosing cholangitis(PSC)and IgG4- related cholangitis were included in the differential diagnosis; however, a significant result could not be obtained in any other examinations...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133232/-a-case-of-metachronous-liver-metastases-of-gall-bladder-cancer-successfully-treated-by-liver-resection
#10
Kensuke Asai, Masaru Murata, Kazuhiro Saso, Moyuru Yamada, Hirokazu Sawami, Rei Suzuki, Hiroki Fukunaga, Nobuo Tanaka, Masayuki Yamamoto, Masahiro Hiratsuka
A 73-year-old woman was diagnosed with gall bladder cancer by contrast enhanced CT images.The tumor was detected at the fundus of the gall bladder and enhanced heterogeneously.She underwent radical cholecystectomy including Japanese D2 lymph node dissection for gall bladder cancer.After 4 courses of oral S-1(80mg/m2 administered for 4 weeks and then stopped for 2 weeks)as adjuvant chemotherapy, a liver metastasis at segment 5 appeared 11 months postoperatively.It showed a ring enhanced tumor on contrast enhanced CT images...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133231/-a-long-surviving-case-of-unresectable-gall-bladder-carcinoma-treated-with-gemcitabine-based-chemotherapy
#11
Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Daisuke Satoh, Hiroyuki Araki, Naoki Mimura, Toshihiro Ogawa, Hitoshi Idani, Yasutomo Ojima, Masao Harano, Takashi Kanazawa, Yasuhiro Choda, Daisuke Sumitani, Michihiro Ishida, Masazumi Okajima, Motoki Ninomiya
We report a 5-year surviving patient with unresectable gall bladder carcinoma treated with gemcitabine(GEM)-based chemotherapy. A 64-year-old man was diagnosed with unresectable gall bladder carcinoma with peritoneal dissemination based on laparotomy findings. Two months later, he started to receive GEM chemotherapy. Twelve months after surgery, the patient chose to suspend GEM treatment. One year and 10 months later, multiple lung metastases appeared and GEM was restarted in combination with UFT. Although the primary lesion and lung metastases gradually progressed, the patient maintained a good quality of life...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130286/peril-of-missing-a-double-gall-bladder-report-of-a-patient-who-needed-cholecystectomy-two-times-over
#12
Krithika Rangarajan, Sathya Chinna, Nikhil Nair, Chandan J Das
Gall bladder (GB) duplication is a rare anomaly, not often seen in regular clinical practice. Though a vestigial organ, the presence of calculi within the GB can cause the patient to be acutely symptomatic with right hypochondriac pain, which can even be life threatening if not treated. The presence of two GBs means this pathology can be seen in both the GBs, highlighting the importance of diagnosing this condition, lest the patient returns years after a cholecystectomy with cholecystitis yet again!
January 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128682/percutaneous-cholecystocentesis-in-cats-with-suspected-hepatobiliary-disease
#13
Victoria L Byfield, Julie E Callahan Clark, Bradley J Turek, Charles W Bradley, Mark P Rondeau
Objectives The objective was to evaluate the safety and diagnostic utility of percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis (PUC) in cats with suspected hepatobiliary disease. Methods Medical records of 83 cats with suspected hepatobiliary disease that underwent PUC were retrospectively reviewed. Results At the time of PUC, at least one additional procedure was performed in 79/83 cats, including hepatic aspiration and/or biopsy (n = 75) and splenic aspiration (n = 18). Complications were noted in 14/83 cases, including increased abdominal fluid (n = 11), needle-tip occlusion (n = 1), failed first attempt to penetrate the gall bladder wall (n = 1) and pneumoperitoneum (n = 1)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103928/primary-carcinoma-of-the-cystic-duct-a-case-report-and-review-of-classifications
#14
Lovenish Bains, Daljit Kaur, Arun Kumar Kakar, Aman Batish, Seema Rao
BACKGROUND: The incidence of extrahepatic bile duct malignancies is about 2-3.6% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Primary carcinoma of cystic duct is a rare condition comprising a fraction of all extrahepatic bile duct malignancies with less than 70 cases reported worldwide. Majority of these cases were reported from East Asia. There is paucity in such case being reported from Indian subcontinent. We present a case of primary carcinoma of the cystic duct encountered during laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094661/diagnosis-of-pancreatic-disease-in-feline-platynosomosis
#15
Liza S Köster, Linda Shell, Jennifer Ketzis, Sreekumari Rajeev, Oscar Illanes
Objectives Platynosomum species are cat-specific parasitic trematodes that parasitize the biliary ducts and gall bladder. Due to the common connection to the major duodenal papilla of the pancreas and common bile ducts in addition to the periductal proximity of the pancreas, it is possible that platynosomosis could cause pancreatitis. The objective of this study was to determine whether platynosomosis, a commonly diagnosed parasitic disease in cats on St Kitts, has any association with pancreatic disease. Methods To investigate this possibility, the pancreas of free-roaming cats with naturally acquired platynosomosis were evaluated via ultrasound, serum concentrations of feline pancreatic lipase (fPL), cobalamin, folate and feline trypsin-like immunoreactivity (fTLI) and histopathology...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078124/advanced-biliary-tract-cancer-clinical-outcomes-with-abc-02-regimen-and-analysis-of-prognostic-factors-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-the-united-states
#16
Rishi Agarwal, Arun Sendilnathan, Nabeela Iffat Siddiqi, Shuchi Gulati, Abhimanyu Ghose, Changchun Xie, Olugbenga Olanrele Olowokure
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GC) is currently the standard regimen for advanced biliary tract cancers (BTC) based on the outcomes in ABC-02 trial. Multiple factors can affect outcomes in these patients. This retrospective review evaluates the University of Cincinnati experience with GC in advanced intrahepatic (IHC)/extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHC) and gall bladder carcinoma (GBC). METHODS: In this study approved by University of Cincinnati IRB, retrospective analysis of advanced BTC patients seen between 01/2008 and 01/2015 was done...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071951/spontaneous-extrusion-of-gallstones-after-percutaneous-drainage
#17
D Hariharan, D N Lobo
There have been reports of late discharge of gallstones through operative wounds after spillage into the peritoneal cavity during laparoscopic cholecystectomy and after the development of spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistulae. However, spontaneous discharge of gallstones from the tract of a percutaneous cholecystostomy or percutaneous drainage of a perforated gall bladder has not, to the best of our knowledge, been reported previously. We report a case in which a patient who had a percutaneous drain inserted for a perforated gall bladder discharged 34 gallstones from the tract after removal of the 7-F pigtail catheter...
January 10, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051047/evaluation-of-the-use-of-laparoscopic-guided-cholecystocholangiography-and-liver-biopsy-in-definitive-diagnosis-of-neonatal-cholestatic-jaundice
#18
Khalid Shreef, Abdullah Alhelal
BACKGROUND: Once it is established that a jaundiced infant has direct hyperbilirubinemia, the principal diagnostic concern is to differentiate hepatocellular from obstructive cholestasis. Traditional tests such as ultrasonography, percutaneous liver biopsy and technetium 99 m hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan are often not sufficiently discriminating. Definitive exclusion of biliary atresia (BA) in the infant with cholestatic jaundice usually requires mini-laparotomy and intra-operative cholangiography...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050471/spectrum-of-mdct-findings-in-bowel-obstruction-in-a-tertiary-care-rural-hospital-in-northern-india
#19
Ranjana Gupta, Puneet Mittal, Amit Mittal, Sharad Gupta, Kapish Mittal, Arpit Taneja
INTRODUCTION: Multidetector Computed Tomography (MDCT) provides clinically and surgically important information in bowel obstruction. It can depict the severity, level and cause of obstruction. AIM: To depict the spectrum of MDCT findings in cases of small and large bowel obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast enhanced MDCT examination of 50 patients were retrospectively included in the study who had evidence of clinical as well as MDCT evidence of bowel obstruction and in whom surgical/clinical follow-up for final diagnosis was available...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039349/primary-embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-liver
#20
Aditi Arora, Ritika Jaiswal, Nidhi Anand, Nuzhat Husain
Rhabdomyosarcomas are malignant neoplasms with striated muscle differentiation. This is the most common type of soft-tissue sarcoma in children, but occurs rarely in adults. Its occurrence in liver is infrequent. We report a case of primary hepatic embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in a 67-year-old man. The tumour was occupying the left lobe of the liver with large component of lesion seen bulging in left subhepatic space indenting over the stomach, compressing the pancreas and gall bladder. A percutaneous biopsy was performed which revealed embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma...
December 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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