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William J Fielding
This article compares results from a study in 2014 with a similar study from 1998 (Fielding, 1999 ) to examine changes in the care of dogs in New Providence, The Bahamas. The results from a survey of 379 residents indicated a general lack of improvement in matters associated with the care of dogs during the past 16 years. For example, in 1998, it was estimated that 35% of caregivers had at least 1 dog sterilized, and in 2014, the corresponding figure was 37%. In 1998, 14% of households with dogs allowed their dogs to roam compared with 41...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
Valerie R Madden, Gretchen L Schoeffler
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinically significant thromboembolism as the result of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) in a dog. CASE SUMMARY: A 3-year-old neutered female Boxer was evaluated for 2-week history of progressive respiratory difficulty and hemoptysis. A brief thoracic ultrasound performed shortly after presentation identified a presumed thrombus within the left atrium. Initial blood work revealed a marked eosinophilia 6.8 × 10(9) /L (6.8 × 10(3) /μL; reference interval, 0...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Stephanie A Sapowicz, Deborah E Linder, Lisa M Freeman
This study assessed body condition scores (BCS) and feeding habits for dogs and cats. Eighty-six cats and 229 dogs (and their owners) were enrolled from 2 clinics: a low cost clinic (n = 149) and a general practice (n = 166). BCS and body weight were recorded. Owners completed a survey which included animal age, sex, and breed; owner demographics; and feeding practices (e.g., diet, rationale for feeding practices). Owners from the low cost clinic had a significantly lower income (P < 0.001) and education (P < 0...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Amy C Nadolski, Jessica E Markovich, Samuel H Jennings, Orla M Mahony
A 14-year-old neutered male domestic shorthaired cat was diagnosed with an adrenal cortical carcinoma causing hyperestrogenemia that resulted in mammary hyperplasia and sexual behavior. A right adrenalectomy and mammary gland biopsy were performed. Adrenal cortical neoplasia should be ruled out in any neutered male cat with mammary development and/or exhibiting sexual behavior.
October 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Jennifer E Thomas, Lesa Staubus, Jaime L Goolsby, Mason V Reichard
Free-roaming domestic cat (Felis catus) populations serve as a valuable resource for studying ectoparasite prevalence. While they share a similar environment as owned cats, free-roaming cats do not receive routine veterinary care or ectoparasiticide application, giving insight into parasite risks for owned animals. We examined up to 673 infested cats presented to a trap-neuter-return (TNR) clinic in the central United States. Ectoparasite prevalences on cats were as follows: fleas (71.6%), ticks (18.7%), Felicola subrostratus (1...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
A Geyer, T Poth, C Otzdorff, L Daub, S Reese, J Braun, B Walter
A total of 13 rabbits were treated with a subcutaneous deslorelin long-term release implant (4.7 mg) to study the effect on ovarian function and histologic features of the uterus. Seven rabbits (group 1) were implanted with a slow-release deslorelin implant before onset of puberty for 273 days as a part of a previous study. After resumption of ovarian function had been confirmed, they were implanted again at the age of 430 days. Six adult rabbits (>177 days old; group 2) were implanted with a slow-release deslorelin implant for 273 days...
July 28, 2016: Theriogenology
Q D Plumlee, A M Hernandez, S D Clark, A Bascuñán, J Davidson, J Mansell
A 10-year-old, neutered male, Basset hound had a 26 × 21 × 21 cm infiltrative mass on the left abdominal wall that did not extend into the peritoneal cavity based on radiographs and abdominal computed tomography. Cytological examination revealed moderate numbers of neoplastic round cells, which frequently contained numerous round, clear, cytoplasmic vacuoles. Histologically, the tumour was composed of two morphologically distinct cell populations forming a continuum of heterogeneously differentiated cells...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Anne Marie Rose, Stewart D Ryan, Thurid Johnstone, Cathy Beck
An 8-year-old female neutered domestic short hair cat presented for investigation of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Thoracic radiographs identified a soft tissue opacity in the caudoventral thorax adjacent to the diaphragm. Computed tomography (CT) then characterized a pleuroperitoneal hernia with cranial displacement of a portion of the liver within the hernia. A pleuroperitoneal hernia was confirmed and repaired via exploratory laparotomy. This is the first description of the CT features of a pleuroperitoneal hernia in a cat...
September 18, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Andrea Cattai, Silvia Levorato, Paolo Franci
A 1-year-old healthy female cross-breed dog, weighing 4.5 kg, was scheduled for elective neutering. Fentanyl (5 µg/kg) and propofol (4 mg/kg) were administered intravenously (IV) to induce anesthesia, which was maintained with isoflurane and a constant fentanyl infusion rate (10 µg/kg/hr). During the recovery from the anesthesia, the presence of bilateral dense submandibular masses was recognized, as was the excessive secretion of saliva. An ultrasound examination was performed and revealed bilateral abnormally-diffused enlargement of the submandibular salivary glands...
September 11, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Andrea Carvelli, Francesca Iacoponi, Paola Scaramozzino
Understanding animal population size and its demographic features is essential to address Public Health policies as well as to provide valuable information to pet industries and veterinary practitioners. Nevertheless, official data on feline population are not available worldwide. In the present study, the owned cat population size, its demographic attributes, and the ownership profiles have been investigated through a face-to-face questionnaire in a semirural area of Central Italy. The human : cat ratio was equal to 6...
2016: BioMed Research International
H Dirrig, R Drees, R Lam
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of dual-phase contrast-enhanced computed tomography for the depiction of the features of the male genital tract, highlighting differences between entire and neutered dogs. METHODS: Computed tomography exams of 23 entire and 23 neutered male dogs with no history of urogenital disease were included in this retrospective study, with exams acquired pre-, 30 and 98·9 ±27·4 seconds after intravenous contrast administration. The genital structures were subjectively evaluated for visibility, contrast enhancement and enhancement pattern and differences between entire and neutered dogs were described...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Valerie A Benka, Emily McCobb
OBJECTIVE To determine characteristics of cats sterilized through a subsidized, reduced-cost spay-neuter program in Massachusetts and of owners who had their cats sterilized through this program. DESIGN Cross-sectional anonymous survey and telephone interviews. SAMPLE 1,188 (anonymous surveys) and 99 (telephone interviews) cat owners. PROCEDURES Owners who had a cat sterilized at clinics held between January 2006 and December 2008 were invited to complete anonymous surveys. Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with owners who had a cat sterilized during clinics held in 2009...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Rémi Froment, Christian Bédard
This is the report of a 5-year-old male neutered Great Dane with an extreme leukocytosis (544.9 × 10(9) cells/L; RI 5.2-13.9 × 10(9) cells/L) characterized by highly atypical round cells. Cellular morphologic features such as cytoplasmic membrane blebs, a high nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio, and nuclear indentations and irregularities and large nucleoli, as well as immunocytochemistry for CD3 and CD79, myeloperoxidase cytochemistry, and clonality testing were not conclusive for myeloid or lymphoid origin. Marked alkaline hyperphosphatasemia was present at the first visit (2783...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Maja Brložnik, Karmen Šterk, Irena Zdovc
Predisposing factors for different types of urinary tract infections (UTI) were evaluated and prevalence of causative agents and their resistance were identified. A prospective epidemiologic study (2007 to 2012) included 191 dogs with signs of urinary tract disease. Anamnestic data were collected and clinical examination, abdominal ultrasonography, urinalysis and aerobic bacteriologic urine culture were performed in all dogs. Other diagnostic procedures were conducted when indicated. UTI was more common in neutered female dogs, older dogs and dogs with concurrent diseases...
July 2016: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Gaetano Lamberti, Giovanna Tomaiuolo, Rosa D Apolito, Sabrina Bochicchio, Annalisa Dalmoro, Anna Angela Barba, Stefano Guido
Nano-carrier drug transport in blood microcirculation is one of the hotspots of current research in drug development due to many advantages over traditional therapies, such as reduced side-effects, target delivery, controlled release, improved pharmacokinetics and therapeutic index. Despite the substantial efforts made in the design of nanotherapeutics, the big majority of the used strategies failed to overcome the biological barriers to drug transport encountered in human microvasculature, such as transport by blood flow via the microcirculatory network and margination, the mechanism according to which particles migrate along vessel radius to the wall...
August 13, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
C Misbach, P Pey, V Gouni, E Trehiou-Sechi, A M Petit, J Pouchelon, V Chetboul
A 14-year-old neutered male crossbreed dog was presented for weakness, cough and weight loss. Cardiac auscultation revealed tachycardia, arrhythmia and a grade V/VI left apical systolic heart murmur. Thoracic radiographs showed a large homogeneous soft tissue opacity in close contact with the cardiac silhouette in the left cranioventral mediastinum. Cardiac evaluation showed atrial fibrillation, degenerative mitral valve disease and a dilated left auricular appendage outside the pericardium consistent with herniation through a partial pericardial defect...
May 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Amy E Schkeeper, Rachel Moon, Stephanie Shrader, Jey W Koehler, Daniel Linden, Amanda R Taylor
An 8-year-old neutered male Toy Poodle was presented with chronic, progressive tetraparesis, and possible seizures. Magnetic resonance images demonstrated an extensive, T1 and T2 hyperintense contrast enhancing mass in the cervical spinal cord. Three nodules were present on the surface of the thalamus, with enhancement most evident on delayed images. A diagnosis of high-grade oligodendroglioma was confirmed with postmortem histopathology and immunohistochemical labeling. Oligodendroglioma should be considered as a differential for T1 hyperintense intraaxial or intramedullary lesions with contrast enhancement...
August 4, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Laura Vilalta, Elisabet Dominguez, Raul Altuzarra, Neus Sibera, Yvonne Espada, Rosa Novellas, Jaime Martorell
An 8-month-old neutered male ferret was presented for vaccination and preventive treatment for adrenal gland disease. Abdominal ultrasound revealed severe bilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter. Excretory urography and negative contrast cystography showed bilateral ureterovesical junction stenosis. Positive retrograde cystography demonstrated right ureteral reflux. A subcutaneous ureteral bypass was placed in the left kidney; however, it had to be removed 3 months later due to an obstruction and persistent urinary tract infection...
August 4, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Maria Ardiaca, Cristina Bonvehi, Marina Cuesta, Alicia Gomez, Andres Montesinos
To date, descriptions of pathologic conditions of the seminal vesicle in rabbits are scarce and limited to the laboratory animals in experimental conditions. The present article describes three cases of strangury, abdominal pain, and anorexia associated with seminal vesiculitis in pet rabbits. Three non-neutered male pet rabbits aged 3.6, 1.5, and 2.1 yrs were presented with strangury, abdominal pain, and anorexia. Seminal vesiculitis was diagnosed based on clinical signs and ultrasonography findings. Vesiculectomy was performed in two cases that presented strangury refractory to medical treatment, and diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology...
September 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
J A Cartwright, J Stone, M Rick, M D Dunning
A three-year-old, female neutered, Dobermann pinscher was presented for investigation of lethargy, episodic collapse, ataxia and myxoedema. Primary hypothyroidism and primary cortisol-deficient hypoadrenocorticism were diagnosed based on history, physical examination and compatible hormonal analysis. Increased serum concentrations of thyroglobulin autoantibodies and 21-hydroxylase autoantibodies indicated an immune-mediated aetiology. The case was complicated by lymphadenopathy with hand-mirror lymphocytes, classically identified in lymphoma...
September 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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