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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906477/blood-pressure-measurements-in-780-apparently-healthy-cats
#1
J R Payne, D C Brodbelt, V Luis Fuentes
BACKGROUND: Mean systolic blood pressure in apparently healthy cats has been reported as approximately 125 mmHg using direct assessment, but there is greater variability in reported values using indirect assessment. Increasing age and the white-coat effect are associated with increased systolic blood pressure. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To report Doppler-derived blood pressure measurements from a large population of apparently healthy cats and to assess epidemiologic factors associated with recorded blood pressures...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906456/environmental-risk-factors-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-cats
#2
M Öhlund, A Egenvall, T Fall, H Hansson-Hamlin, H Röcklinsberg, B S Holst
BACKGROUND: Diabetes in cats resembles type 2 diabetes in people. The etiology is not fully understood, but both genetic and environmental factors are believed to contribute. OBJECTIVES: To assess the associations of environmental risk factors with diabetes in cats. ANIMALS: Cats with a diagnosis of diabetes (n = 396) insured by a Swedish insurance company during years 2009-2013, and a control group (n = 1,670) matched on birth year. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was used in a case-control study...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875090/clinical-computed-tomographic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-histologic-findings-associated-with-myxomatous-neoplasia-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-two-dogs
#3
Arana Parslow, David P Taylor, David J Simpson
CASE DESCRIPTION A 15-year-old neutered female mixed-breed dog (dog 1) and an 11-year-old neutered female Labrador Retriever (dog 2) were examined because of unilateral exophthalmus, third eyelid protrusion, and periorbital swelling that failed to respond to antimicrobial treatment. CLINICAL FINDINGS Both dogs underwent ultrasonographic, CT, and MRI examination of the head. In both dogs, advanced imaging revealed a poorly defined, peripherally contrast-enhancing, mucous-filled cystic mass that radiated from the temporomandibular joint and infiltrated the periorbital tissues and retrobulbar space...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867365/gender-agreement-attraction-in-russian-production-and-comprehension-evidence
#4
Natalia Slioussar, Anton Malko
Agreement attraction errors (such as the number error in the example "The key to the cabinets are rusty") have been the object of many studies in the last 20 years. So far, almost all production experiments and all comprehension experiments looked at binary features (primarily at number in Germanic, Romance, and some other languages, in several cases at gender in Romance languages). Among other things, it was noted that both in production and in comprehension, attraction effects are much stronger for some feature combinations than for the others: they can be observed in the sentences with singular heads and plural dependent nouns (e...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866380/imaging-diagnosis-ultrasound-uncommon-features-of-an-abdominal-gossypiboma-in-a-dog
#5
Arnaud Louvet, Anne-Carole Duconseille
An abdominal mass was incidentally detected in a 12-year-old, neutered female, crossed breed dog. Abdominal ultrasonographic examination showed a well-delineated, irregular, heterogeneous mass that did not generate any distal acoustic shadowing. Transcutaneous US-guided biopsy of the mass were nonconclusive but raised the possibility of neoplasia. Surgery discovered a mass embedded in the omentum and a large quantity of surgical sponges were identified in cut section. To the authors' knowledge, this represents the first published case of gossypiboma casting no characteristic distal acoustic shadowing...
November 20, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860343/isolation-of-campylobacter-spp-from-client-owned-dogs-and-cats-and-retail-raw-meat-pet-food-in-the-manawatu-new-zealand
#6
K Bojanić, A C Midwinter, J C Marshall, L E Rogers, P J Biggs, E Acke
Campylobacter causes acute gastroenteritis in people worldwide and is frequently isolated from food, animals and the environment. The disease is predominately food-borne but many routes of transmission and sources of infection have been described, including contact with pets. The prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in dogs and cats varies widely, and data on New Zealand pets are limited. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in dogs, cats and retail raw meat pet food products in New Zealand and to characterize Campylobacter jejuni isolates using multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
November 12, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853047/long-term-management-of-a-dog-with-idiopathic-megaesophagus-and-recurrent-aspiration-pneumonia-by-use-of-an-indwelling-esophagostomy-tube-for-suction-of-esophageal-content-and-esophagogastric-tube-feeding
#7
Yuka Kanemoto, Kenjiro Fukushima, Hideyuki Kanemoto, Koichi Ohno, Hajime Tsujimoto
A 10-year-old neutered male Labrador Retriever dog was diagnosed with idiopathic megaesophagus. Despite receiving conventional treatments including elevated feeding, the dog showed repeated regurgitation and aspiration pneumonia, consequently developing weight loss and severe malnutrition. For the purpose of controlling regurgitation, an esophagostomy tube was placed for draining the esophageal fluid. Additionally, an esophagogastric tube was placed for nutritional support. After tube placement, the average frequency of regurgitation was reduced from 2...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826450/dachslife-2015-an-investigation-of-lifestyle-associations-with-the-risk-of-intervertebral-disc-disease-in-dachshunds
#8
R M A Packer, I J Seath, D G O'Neill, S De Decker, H A Volk
BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) represents a major problem in the Dachshund, with at a relative risk of IVDD 10-12 times higher than other breeds, and an estimated 19-24 % of Dachshunds showing clinical signs related to IVDD during their lifetime. A variety of genetic, physical and lifestyle-related risk factors for IVDD have previously been identified, with some conflicting findings. As such, advising owners and breeders regarding best-practice for IVDD prevention is challenging at present...
2016: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813316/imaging-diagnosis-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-diffuse-leptomeningeal-oligodendrogliomatosis-in-a-dog-with-dural-tail-sign
#9
Monika Anna Lobacz, Fabienne Serra, Gawain Hammond, Anna Oevermann, Allison C Haley
A case of diffuse leptomeningeal oligodendrogliomatosis affecting the brain and spinal cord of a dog is presented. A 7.5-year old, male neutered Staffordshire bull terrier presented for evaluation of a chronic history of tetraparesis and seizures, with a multifocal neuroanatomical localization was determined. Extra-axial intradural lesions with an atypical presentation of a dural tail sign were seen on MRI. Histologically, the lesions were consistent with leptomeningeal oligodendrogliomatosis. To the authors' knowledge, a dural tail sign has not previously been reported as an MRI characteristic of diffuse leptomeningeal oligodendrogliomatosis in dogs...
November 4, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811046/hands-on-experience-of-neutering
#10
Kitty Ennett
Kitty Ennett is a final-year student at Nottingham. Last autumn - in search of some EMS in better weather than the UK could offer - she volunteered with Spay Panama and gained experience of neutering cats and dogs.
November 5, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807843/postoperative-symptomatic-haematoma-and-pneumorrhachis-in-a-dog-with-a-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-extrusion
#11
I Cornelis, P Monticelli, S De Decker
CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old male neutered crossbreed dog presented with acute onset paraparesis and was diagnosed with an L1-L2 intervertebral disc extrusion. A right-sided T13-L2 hemilaminectomy was performed. However, the dog deteriorated and became paraplegic with marked thoracolumbar hyperaesthesia 48 h after surgery. A computed tomography scan of the thoracolumbar vertebral column revealed the presence of pneumorrhachis (PR) at the level of T13, possibly embedded in a haematoma, and causing marked spinal cord compression...
November 3, 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804124/an-axial-pattern-flap-based-on-the-dorsal-perineal-artery-in-a-cat
#12
A P Murdoch, Jgr Grand
CASE REPORT: A 3-year-old male neutered Domestic Shorthair cat was evaluated for a skin mass of approximately 2 × 3 cm arising from the right dorsolateral aspect of the tail at the junction between the proximal and middle one-thirds of the tail length. Incisional biopsy sample was consistent with granulomatous inflammation. The granuloma was surgically excised with 5 mm margins of normal skin. The resulting defect was closed using an axial pattern flap based on a cutaneous branch of the dorsal perineal artery and augmented by a local subdermal plexus transposition flap...
November 1, 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779423/changing-attitudes-and-animal-welfare-in-small-island-developing-states-dogs-on-new-providence-the-bahamas
#13
William J Fielding
This article compares results from a study in 2014 with a similar study from 1998 (Fielding, 1999 ) to examine changes in the care of dogs in New Providence, The Bahamas. The results from a survey of 379 residents indicated a general lack of improvement in matters associated with the care of dogs during the past 16 years. For example, in 1998, it was estimated that 35% of caregivers had at least 1 dog sterilized, and in 2014, the corresponding figure was 37%. In 1998, 14% of households with dogs allowed their dogs to roam compared with 41...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723953/idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-resulting-in-distal-aortic-thromboembolism-in-a-dog
#14
Valerie R Madden, Gretchen L Schoeffler
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinically significant thromboembolism as the result of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) in a dog. CASE SUMMARY: A 3-year-old neutered female Boxer was evaluated for 2-week history of progressive respiratory difficulty and hemoptysis. A brief thoracic ultrasound performed shortly after presentation identified a presumed thrombus within the left atrium. Initial blood work revealed a marked eosinophilia 6.8 × 10(9) /L (6.8 × 10(3) /μL; reference interval, 0...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722198/body-condition-scores-and-evaluation-of-feeding-habits-of-dogs-and-cats-at-a-low-cost-veterinary-clinic-and-a-general-practice
#15
Stephanie A Sapowicz, Deborah E Linder, Lisa M Freeman
This study assessed body condition scores (BCS) and feeding habits for dogs and cats. Eighty-six cats and 229 dogs (and their owners) were enrolled from 2 clinics: a low cost clinic (n = 149) and a general practice (n = 166). BCS and body weight were recorded. Owners completed a survey which included animal age, sex, and breed; owner demographics; and feeding practices (e.g., diet, rationale for feeding practices). Owners from the low cost clinic had a significantly lower income (P < 0.001) and education (P < 0...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708447/mammary-development-hyperestrogenemia-and-hypocortisolemia-in-a-male-cat-with-an-adrenal-cortical-carcinoma
#16
Amy C Nadolski, Jessica E Markovich, Samuel H Jennings, Orla M Mahony
A 14-year-old neutered male domestic shorthaired cat was diagnosed with an adrenal cortical carcinoma causing hyperestrogenemia that resulted in mammary hyperplasia and sexual behavior. A right adrenalectomy and mammary gland biopsy were performed. Adrenal cortical neoplasia should be ruled out in any neutered male cat with mammary development and/or exhibiting sexual behavior.
October 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692321/ectoparasites-of-free-roaming-domestic-cats-in-the-central-united-states
#17
Jennifer E Thomas, Lesa Staubus, Jaime L Goolsby, Mason V Reichard
Free-roaming domestic cat (Felis catus) populations serve as a valuable resource for studying ectoparasite prevalence. While they share a similar environment as owned cats, free-roaming cats do not receive routine veterinary care or ectoparasiticide application, giving insight into parasite risks for owned animals. We examined up to 673 infested cats presented to a trap-neuter-return (TNR) clinic in the central United States. Ectoparasite prevalences on cats were as follows: fleas (71.6%), ticks (18.7%), Felicola subrostratus (1...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667750/histopathologic-examination-of-the-genital-tract-in-rabbits-treated-once-or-twice-with-a-slow-release-deslorelin-implant-for-reversible-suppression-of-ovarian-function
#18
A Geyer, T Poth, C Otzdorff, L Daub, S Reese, J Braun, B Walter
A total of 13 rabbits were treated with a subcutaneous deslorelin long-term release implant (4.7 mg) to study the effect on ovarian function and histologic features of the uterus. Seven rabbits (group 1) were implanted with a slow-release deslorelin implant before onset of puberty for 273 days as a part of a previous study. After resumption of ovarian function had been confirmed, they were implanted again at the age of 430 days. Six adult rabbits (>177 days old; group 2) were implanted with a slow-release deslorelin implant for 273 days...
July 28, 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665042/high-grade-myxoid-liposarcoma-round-cell-variant-in-a-dog
#19
Q D Plumlee, A M Hernandez, S D Clark, A Bascuñán, J Davidson, J Mansell
A 10-year-old, neutered male, Basset hound had a 26 × 21 × 21 cm infiltrative mass on the left abdominal wall that did not extend into the peritoneal cavity based on radiographs and abdominal computed tomography. Cytological examination revealed moderate numbers of neoplastic round cells, which frequently contained numerous round, clear, cytoplasmic vacuoles. Histologically, the tumour was composed of two morphologically distinct cell populations forming a continuum of heterogeneously differentiated cells...
November 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642099/imaging-diagnosis-the-computed-tomography-features-of-a-pleuroperitoneal-hernia-in-a-cat
#20
Anne Marie Rose, Stewart D Ryan, Thurid Johnstone, Cathy Beck
An 8-year-old female neutered domestic short hair cat presented for investigation of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. Thoracic radiographs identified a soft tissue opacity in the caudoventral thorax adjacent to the diaphragm. Computed tomography (CT) then characterized a pleuroperitoneal hernia with cranial displacement of a portion of the liver within the hernia. A pleuroperitoneal hernia was confirmed and repaired via exploratory laparotomy. This is the first description of the CT features of a pleuroperitoneal hernia in a cat...
September 18, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
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