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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772788/application-of-a-protocol-based-on-trap-neuter-return-tnr-to-manage-unowned-urban-cats-on-an-australian-university-campus
#1
Helen Swarbrick, Jacquie Rand
In August 2008, the University of New South Wales (UNSW) in Sydney, Australia, commenced a trap-neuter-return (TNR) program to manage the population of approximately 69 free-roaming unowned urban cats on its Kensington campus. The goals of the program included an ongoing audit of cats on campus, stabilization of cat numbers through TNR, and a subsequent reduction in cat numbers over time while maintaining the health of remaining campus cats. Continuation of the TNR program over nine years resulted in a current population, as of September 2017, of 15 cats, all desexed (78% reduction)...
May 17, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765868/retrobulbar-steatitis-and-meningitis-empyema-secondary-to-right-otitis-media-right-otitis-interna-and-an-inflammatory-polyp-in-a-cat
#2
Elena Fenollosa-Romero, Olivier Taeymans, Pieter Nelissen, Giunio B Cherubini, Claudia Busse
The purpose was to describe a case of retrobulbar steatitis and meningitis in a cat caused by otitis media, otitis interna and an inflammatory polyp in the middle ear. Investigations included ophthalmic and neurological examinations, haematology and biochemistry, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis and aerobic, anaerobic bacterial and fungal culture of material from the middle ear. A 6-year-old female neutered domestic-short-haired cat presented with right-sided exophthalmos and resistance to retropulsion...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757255/assessment-of-a-targeted-trap-neuter-return-pilot-study-in-auckland-new-zealand
#3
Sarah Zito, Glenn Aguilar, Shalsee Vigeant, Arnja Dale
There is a need for effective and humane management tools to manage urban stray cats and minimise negative impacts associated with stray cats. One such tool is targeted trap-neuter-return (TTNR), but no concerted implementation of this technique or formal assessments have been reported. To address this deficit, a TTNR programme was implemented and assessed in one Auckland suburb from May 2015 to June 2016; the programme sterilised and returned 348 cats (4.2 cats/1000 residents). Assessment was based on the number of incoming felines; stray, unsocialised cats euthanased; unsocialised, unowned cats sterilised and returned (independently of the TTNR programme); and neonatal/underage euthanasias...
May 13, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750562/a-genomic-imprinting-model-of-termite-caste-determination-not-genetic-but-epigenetic-inheritance-influences-offspring-caste-fate
#4
Kenji Matsuura, Nobuaki Mizumoto, Kazuya Kobayashi, Tomonari Nozaki, Tadahide Fujita, Toshihisa Yashiro, Taro Fuchikawa, Yuki Mitaka, Edward L Vargo
Eusocial insects exhibit the most striking example of phenotypic plasticity. There has been a long controversy over the factors determining caste development of individuals in social insects. Here we demonstrate that parental phenotypes influence the social status of offspring not through genetic inheritance but through genomic imprinting in termites. Our extensive field survey and genetic analysis of the termite Reticulitermes speratus show that its breeding system is inconsistent with a genetic caste determination model...
June 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740846/prostatic-collagen-architecture-in-neutered-and-intact-canines
#5
Hannah Ruetten, Kyle A Wegner, Michael F Romero, Michael W Wood, Paul C Marker, Douglas Strand, Sara A Colopy, Chad M Vezina
BACKGROUND: Prostate stiffness and increased collagen content both associate with the presence of urinary symptoms in men but mechanisms responsible, including impact of age and androgens, are unknown. Dogs develop prostate-related urinary dysfunction similar to humans, but mechanisms are also unknown. Mice have been used to examine how prostatic collagen accumulation affects voiding but whether mouse prostatic collagen organization resembles human or dog has not been evaluated. Here, we have constructed the first comprehensive, comparative maps of collagen architecture in canine, human, and mouse prostate and test whether canine prostatic collagen content is increased by aging and reduced by castration...
May 8, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737554/canine-recommended-breed-weight-ranges-are-not-a-good-predictor-of-an-ideal-body-condition-score
#6
E G Smith, K Davis, L Sulsh, S C Harvey, K E Fowler
Breed-specific ideal bodyweight range information is widely used by dog owners and breeders as a guideline to ensure animals are within a healthy weight range. Body Condition Scoring, a method used by veterinarians to assess an animal's overall shape with regard to weight is considered to be an excellent method to determine an animal's overall body condition; these values, however, do not always correspond to published weight ranges. Here, the weight, neuter status, age and a nine-point Body Condition Score of a population of 140 purebred dogs were recorded and subsequently analysed to determine whether bodyweight was an effective predictor for Body Condition Scores...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731476/prevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-other-intestinal-parasites-in-cats-in-tokachi-sub-prefecture-japan
#7
Doaa Salman, Wilawan Pumidonming, Eiji Oohashi, Makoto Igarashi
The present study investigated the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and other intestinal parasites in cats in the Tokachi subprefecture in Japan. A total of 365 household cats were included in the study, and 353 serum and 351 fecal samples were collected and analyzed. T. gondii IgG antibodies were detected in the sera of 16.14% of cats based on Latex agglutination test and ELISA. For ELISA, T. gondii RH strain tachyzoites lysate and T. gondii SAG2 recombinant protein were used as antigens. Low seropositivity was detected in cats younger than one year and older than 11 years; outdoor and hunter cats showed significantly high seropositivities...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727269/cystic-echinococcosis-in-a-domestic-cat-felis-catus-in-italy
#8
Piero Bonelli, Gabriella Masu, Silvia Dei Giudici, Davide Pintus, Angela Peruzzu, Toni Piseddu, Cinzia Santucciu, Assunta Cossu, Nicola Demurtas, Giovanna Masala
Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato is a zoonotic agent with a life cycle consisting of definitive hosts (dogs and wild carnivores), and intermediate hosts (usually ungulates). Other animals and humans may accidentally ingest eggs and contract cystic echinococcosis, acting as aberrant hosts. A 3-year-old neutered female cat was brought to a veterinary practice in Sassari (Italy) with abdominal distension. Ultrasound showed multiple intraperitoneal vesicles, which on laparotomy were found to be metacestodes of E...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707227/diabetes-mellitus-remission-in-a-cat-with-pituitary-dependent-hyperadrenocorticism-after-trilostane-treatment
#9
Adriana Cunha Muschner, Fernanda Venzon Varela, Katarina Hazuchova, Stijn Jm Niessen, Álan Gomes Pöppl
Case summary: An 8-year-old male neutered Persian cat was presented with polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia and muscle weakness associated with a 7 month history of diabetes mellitus (DM). The cat had initially been treated with neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin 2 U q12h, followed by porcine lente insulin 2 U q12h and, most recently, 3 U glargine insulin q12h, without improvement of clinical signs. The cat also suffered from concurrent symmetrical bilateral alopecia of thorax and forelimbs, abdominal distension and lethargy...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687945/severe-lactic-acidosis-and-hypoglycemia-due-to-acute-metformin-intoxication-in-a-dog
#10
Yu Ueda, Christine Wong, Angela Borchers
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of severe lactic acidosis and hypoglycemia due to acute metformin intoxication in a dog. CASE SUMMARY: A female neutered Rat Terrier was presented for an acute onset of seizure-like episodes, weakness, and vomiting approximately 14 hours after ingestion of 198 mg/kg of metformin. The dog was found to be laterally recumbent, paddling, and unresponsive shortly before presentation. On physical exam, the dog was in hypovolemic shock and hypothermic...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668768/cardiovascular-and-respiratory-effects-of-lumbosacral-epidural-bupivacaine-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-dogs-the-effects-of-two-volumes-of-0-25-solution
#11
Raquel Sartori Gonçalves Dias, João Henrique Neves Soares, Douglas Dos Santos E Castro, Maria Alice Kuster de Albuquerque Gress, Marcela Lemos Machado, Pablo E Otero, Fabio Otero Ascoli
The purpose of this study was to compare cardiovascular and respiratory effects of two volumes of bupivacaine 0.25% (0.2 mL kg-1-treatment BUP02-and 0.4 mL kg-1 -treatment BUP04) administered epidurally at the lumbosacral intervertebral space in dogs anesthetized with isoflurane. This experimental prospective randomized crossover design trial used six mixed breed adult dogs, four neutered males and two spayed females. Each dog was anesthetized on three different occasions: the first for isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) measurement, and the following two assigned treatments (BUP02 or BUP04)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661064/experience-and-confidence-of-final-year-veterinary-students-in-performing-desexing-surgeries
#12
M C Gates, T F Odom, R K Sawicki
AIMS: To describe the level of experience and confidence of veterinary students in performing canine and feline desexing procedures at the end of their final clinical year. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with veterinary students at Massey University in November 2017 after completion of their final clinical year. The questions included career plans after graduation, number of assisted and unassisted desexing procedures performed, approximate time to complete desexing surgeries, level of confidence with different aspects of desexing surgeries, what aspects of their desexing surgery training were most helpful, and what could be done to improve training in desexing surgical skills in veterinary school...
April 16, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652808/the-impact-of-an-integrated-program-of-return-to-field-and-targeted-trap-neuter-return-on-feline-intake-and-euthanasia-at-a-municipal-animal-shelter
#13
Daniel D Spehar, Peter J Wolf
Available evidence indicates that overall levels of feline intake and euthanasia at U.S. shelters have significantly declined in recent decades. Nevertheless, millions of cats, many of them free-roaming, continue to be admitted to shelters each year. In some locations, as many as 70% of cats, perhaps up to one million or more per year nationally, are euthanized. New approaches, including return-to-field (RTF) and targeted trap-neuter-return (TNR) appear to have transformative potential. The purpose of the present study was to examine changes in feline intake and euthanasia, as well as additional associated metrics, at a municipal animal shelter in Albuquerque, New Mexico, after institutionalized RTF and targeted TNR protocols, together referred to as a community cat program (CCP), were added to ongoing community-based TNR efforts and a pilot RTF initiative...
April 13, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652208/age-based-ultrasonographic-criteria-for-diagnosis-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-in-persian-cats
#14
Juliana M Guerra, Mariana F Freitas, Alexandre Gt Daniel, Arine Pellegrino, Natália C Cardoso, Isac de Castro, Luiz F Onuchic, Bruno Cogliati
Objectives The aim of this study was to establish ultrasound criteria for the diagnosis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in Persian cats. Methods Eighty-two Persian cats were assessed using renal ultrasound and genotyped for the C→A transversion in exon 29 of PKD1. The animals were also submitted to hematological characterization, serum biochemistry analyses and urinalysis. Results Age, sex and neutering status did not differ between ADPKD (n = 12) and non-ADPKD (n = 70) cats. After integrated molecular genetics/ultrasonographic analysis, the presence of at least one renal cyst was sufficient to establish a diagnosis of ADPKD in animals up to 15 months of age...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618832/prevalence-duration-and-risk-factors-for-appendicular-osteoarthritis-in-a-uk-dog-population-under-primary-veterinary-care
#15
Katharine L Anderson, Dan G O'Neill, David C Brodbelt, David B Church, Richard L Meeson, David Sargan, Jennifer F Summers, Helen Zulch, Lisa M Collins
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease diagnosed in veterinary medicine and poses considerable challenges to canine welfare. This study aimed to investigate prevalence, duration and risk factors of appendicular osteoarthritis in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK. The VetCompassTM programme collects clinical data on dogs attending UK primary-care veterinary practices. The study included all VetCompassTM dogs under veterinary care during 2013. Candidate osteoarthritis cases were identified using multiple search strategies...
April 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599553/suspected-congenital-urethral-diverticulum-in-a-dog
#16
Aylin Atilla
A 2-year-old neutered male dog with a history of urinary incontinence, recurrent urinary tract infections, and unilateral cryptorchidism was presented with an acute onset of perineal swelling. Urinary contrast studies revealed a urothelial lined structure in the perineum. Surgical resection of 80% to 90% of this structure, suspected to be a congenital urethral diverticulum, was successful.
March 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598999/pulmonary-basaloid-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-a-dog
#17
A Morey-Matamalas, A de Stefani, D Corbetta, L Grau-Roma, S de Brot
A 9-year-old neutered male crossbred dog with a 4-week history of progressive vestibulocerebellar signs was presented for necropsy examination. Gross examination revealed neoplastic growth in the lungs, thoracic lymph nodes, left kidney and cerebellum. Microscopically, the tumour consisted of an infiltrative, densely cellular, basaloid epithelial neoplastic growth with extensive areas of abrupt keratinization. Immunohistochemically, neoplastic cells expressed p63 and partially expressed cytokeratins 5/6. Based on these findings, the tumour was diagnosed as a primary pulmonary basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSSC) with metastasis to regional lymph nodes, kidney and brain...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552353/traumatic-l7-articular-processes-fracture-and-spondylolisthesis-following-dorsal-lumbosacral-laminectomy-in-a-cat
#18
Anna Suñol, Patricia Montoliu, Marta López, Joan Mascort, Carles Morales
Case summary: A 12-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was presented to our referral hospital with a chronic history of tenesmus and lumbosacral pain. A diagnosis of degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS) was made and a standard dorsal L7-S1 laminectomy was performed uneventfully, with complete recovery within 1 month. The cat was brought back 4 months later for investigation of lumbosacral pain after having suffered a minor traumatic event. Neurological examination identified a low tail carriage, weakness, exercise intolerance, left pelvic limb lameness and diminished withdrawal reflexes in both pelvic limbs with severe sacrocaudal pain...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552352/cutaneous-non-epitheliotropic-t-cell-lymphoma-associated-with-a-fracture-site-in-a-cat
#19
Selvi Jegatheeson, Julie Wayne, Laura K Brockley
Case summary: A 7-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat presented for investigation of a swelling over the right forelimb. Radiographs of the right forelimb revealed significant lysis and soft tissue swelling surrounding a previously implanted surgical plate, used to repair a fracture of the distal radius 5 years prior. The implant was removed, and a biopsy was collected. Histopathological analysis and immunohistochemistry diagnosed a non-epitheliotropic T-cell cutaneous lymphoma...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523732/cat-neutering-the-earlier-the-better-to-tackle-overpopulation
#20
Philippa Welsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
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