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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429961/analysis-of-factors-relating-to-companion-rabbits-relinquished-to-two-united-kingdom-rehoming-centers
#1
Clare F Ellis, Wanda McCormick, Ambrose Tinarwo
Rabbits are a common companion animal in the United Kingdom, and some reports have suggested that large numbers are relinquished to rehoming centers each year. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of rabbits relinquished to 2 UK rehoming centers and explore reasons given for relinquishment. The centers contributed data for all rabbits who entered their center during 2013 (n = 205). Most rabbits (59.5%) were relinquished by a guardian. Similar numbers of males and females were relinquished, and a larger number of rabbits were not neutered (72...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415972/community-based-survey-during-rabies-outbreaks-in-rangjung-town-trashigang-eastern-bhutan-2016
#2
Tenzin Tenzin, Jamyang Namgyal, Sangay Letho
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a highly fatal disease transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Human deaths can be prevented by prompt administering of rabies vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin following the exposure. An assessment of community knowledge, awareness and practices on rabies is important during outbreak to understand their preparedness and target educational messages and response activities by the rapid response team. METHODS: A rabies outbreak has occurred in Rangjung town, eastern Bhutan on 4 October 2016...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410430/caste-sex-and-age-dependent-expression-of-immune-related-genes-in-a-japanese-subterranean-termite-reticulitermes-speratus
#3
Yuki Mitaka, Kazuya Kobayashi, Kenji Matsuura
Insects protect themselves from microbial infections through innate immune responses, including pathogen recognition, phagocytosis, the activation of proteolytic cascades, and the synthesis of antimicrobial peptides. Termites, eusocial insects inhabiting microbe-rich wood, live in closely-related family groups that are susceptible to shared pathogen infections. To resist pathogenic infection, termite families have evolved diverse immune adaptations at both individual and societal levels, and a strategy of trade-offs between reproduction and immunity has been suggested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408518/neutering-of-pet-rabbits
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390102/surgical-management-of-ectopic-ureters-in-dogs-clinical-outcome-and-prognostic-factors-for-long-term-continence
#5
Stéphanie M Noël, Stéphanie Claeys, Annick J Hamaide
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes after surgical correction of ectopic ureters (EU) and identify prognostic factors for long-term continence. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Forty-seven dogs (36 females and 11 males). METHODS: Medical records (1999-2016) of dogs with surgical correction of EU were reviewed. A continence score (1 = incontinent, 2 = sporadic incontinence, 3 = continent) was attributed preoperatively, at discharge, 1 month postoperatively, and at long-term evaluation...
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389099/a-multi-national-european-cross-sectional-study-of-feline-calicivirus-epidemiology-diversity-and-vaccine-cross-reactivity
#6
Maria M Afonso, Gina L Pinchbeck, Shirley L Smith, Janet M Daly, Rosalind M Gaskell, Susan Dawson, Alan D Radford
BACKGROUND: Feline calicivirus (FCV) is an important pathogen of cats for which vaccination is regularly practised. Long-term use of established vaccine antigens raises the theoretical possibility that field viruses could become resistant. This study aimed to assess the current ability of the FCV-F9 vaccine strain to neutralise a randomly collected contemporary panel of FCV field strains collected prospectively in six European countries. METHODS: Veterinary practices (64) were randomly selected from six countries (UK, Sweden, Netherlands, Germany, France and Italy)...
May 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375825/spontaneous-neoplasms-in-captive-virginia-opossums-didelphis-virginiana-a-retrospective-case-series-1989-2014-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Jenny P Pope, Robert L Donnell
This retrospective project summarizes the types of neoplasms identified in Virginia opossums ( Didelphis virginiana) presented to the University of Tennessee, College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) postmortem service in 1989-2014 and serves as a review of the literature. Of the 85 Virginia opossums identified from the UTCVM case database, there were 17 diagnoses of neoplasia from 12 cases (14%). These cases included 8 females, 2 males, and 2 neutered males. All opossums with known ages (11 of 12) were >2 y old...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375041/prevalence-of-external-ear-disorders-in-belgian-stray-cats
#8
Anouck Bollez, Hilde de Rooster, Alessandra Furcas, Sophie Vandenabeele
Objectives Feline otitis externa is a multifactorial dermatological disorder about which very little is known. The objective of this study was to map the prevalence of external ear canal disorders and the pathogens causing otitis externa in stray cats roaming around the region of Ghent, Belgium. Methods One hundred and thirty stray cats were randomly selected during a local trap-neuter-return programme. All cats were European Shorthairs. This study included clinical, otoscopic and cytological evaluation of both external ears of each cat...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364830/impact-of-a-3-year-pet-management-program-on-pet-population-and-owner-s-perception
#9
Esther Dias Costa, Camila Marinelli Martins, Graziela Ribeiro Cunha, Dariane Cristina Catapan, Fernando Ferreira, Simone Tostes Oliveira, Rita de Cassia Maria Garcia, Alexander Welker Biondo
Although pet population management programs have been established worldwide, few reports on program evaluation have been carried out to date. Accordingly, a 3-year longitudinal study has been carried out in a 4000 household neighborhood located within the metropolitan area of Curitiba, the eighth most populated city of Brazil. Visits were conducted and questionnaires completed to estimate and characterize the local pet population (animal sex, reproductive and vaccination status, street access). Care provided by owners, community perception on stray dog management and the possible changes were compared in these variables over time (2010 and 2013) were evaluated, after the establishment of a city pet population management program...
April 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363075/masticatory-muscle-myositis-in-a-gray-wolf-canis-lupus
#10
Marc Kent, Eric N Glass, Fernando A Castro, Andrew D Miller, Alexander de Lahunta
A 10-yr-old male, neutered gray wolf ( Canis lupus ) was presented for atrophy of the temporalis and masseter muscles. Clinical signs and magnetic resonance imaging were consistent with a myopathy. Positive serology for antibody titers directed against Type 2M myofibers, and the observation of a mixed mononuclear inflammatory cell infiltrate along with eosinophils and neutrophils within the temporalis muscle, were diagnostic for masticatory muscle myositis. Importantly, protozoal myositis was excluded based on other clinicopathologic data...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358996/multiple-viral-plaques-with-sebaceous-differentiation-associated-with-an-unclassified-papillomavirus-type-in-a-cat
#11
J S Munday, S Marshall, N A Thomson, M Kiupel, R W Heathcott, A French
CASE HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS A 15-year-old neutered male domestic short-haired cat was presented due to multiple 0.5-2 cm-diameter crusting plaques in the left preauricular region, over the bridge of nose, and in the right periocular region. The plaques did not appear to cause discomfort. HISTOPATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS Biopsy samples of four plaques were examined histologically. Three plaques consisted of well-demarcated foci of mild epidermal hyperplasia overlying markedly hyperplastic sebaceous glands...
April 20, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358629/reconstruction-of-a-mandibular-segmental-defect-with-a-customized-3-dimensional-printed-titanium-prosthesis-in-a-cat-with-a-mandibular-osteosarcoma
#12
Julius M Liptak, Graham P Thatcher, Jonathan P Bray
CASE DESCRIPTION A 12-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat had been treated for a mass arising from the lingual aspect of the caudal right mandibular body. Cytoreductive surgery of the mass had been performed twice over a 2-year period, but the mass recurred following both surgeries. The mass was diagnosed as an osteosarcoma, and the cat was referred for further evaluation and treatment. CLINICAL FINDINGS Clinical findings were unremarkable, except for a 2-cm-diameter mass arising from the lingual aspect of the right mandible and mild anemia and lymphopenia...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356153/scrotal-granulomatous-aspergillosis-in-a-dromedary-camel-camelus-dromedarius
#13
Frine Eleonora Scaglione, Andrea Peano, Sara Piga, Stefano Meda, Enrico Bollo, Francesca Tiziana Cannizzo, Mario Pasquetti, Henrik Elvang Jensen
BACKGROUND: This report describes a case of primary subcutaneous aspergillosis in a 7-year-old neutered male dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius). CASE PRESENTATION: The animal developed a large nodular lesion in the right scrotum two years after surgical intervention for neutering. The mass had a firm consistency and was painful at palpation. Histopathology revealed dermal granulomatous inflammation with a necrotic centre, surrounded by plasma cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and sparse fungal hyphae characterised by parallel cell walls, distinct septa, and dichotomous branching...
March 29, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346666/disseminated-peripheral-neuroblastoma-in-a-rhodesian-ridgeback-dog
#14
R W Cook, L A Abraham, C I McCowan
CASE REPORT: A 4-year-old neutered male Rhodesian Ridgeback dog with right-sided Horner's syndrome, bilateral laryngeal paralysis, neck pain and bilateral hindlimb ataxia was euthanased following deterioration of its neurological status. Necropsy examination revealed an off-white retropharyngeal neoplastic mass (100 × 30 × 30 mm) attached to the base of the skull on the right side and macroscopic nodular metastases in the spleen and three vertebral bodies (C6, C7 and T6), including a nodule attached to the dura at C7...
April 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340889/disorders-of-the-reproductive-tract-of-rabbits
#15
REVIEW
Frances Margaret Harcourt-Brown
Disorders of the reproductive tract are common in rabbits. Conditions are different in rabbits that are farmed for their meat or fur and those that are kept as pets. Farmed rabbits suffer from infections and diseases associated with pregnancy. Congenital abnormalities are more likely to be recognized and treated in pet rabbits. Pet rabbits suffer from age-related changes to their genital tract (hyperplasia, neoplasia, or hernias). Neutering is an important part of prevention and treatment of reproductive disorders...
May 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295452/presumed-lupus-erythematosus-cells-identified-in-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-from-a-mexican-hairless-dog
#16
Laura J Black, Ashley C Hechler, Maura E Duffy, Sarah S K Beatty
A neutered male Mexican Hairless dog was presented for generalized weight loss and weakness. Initial laboratory testing and diagnostic imaging revealed thrombocytopenia and an interstitial to miliary lung pattern affecting all lung fields. Mild joint effusion was found on physical examination affecting the stifle, tarsal, carpal, and elbow joints. Examination of synovial fluid demonstrated an inflammatory polyarthropathy in 3 joints. Cytocentrifuged and direct preparations of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid sample were made and cells consistent with lupus erythematosus (LE) cells and ragocytes were found...
March 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291399/resection-and-primary-closure-of-edematous-glossoepiglottic-mucosa-in-a-dog-causing-laryngeal-obstruction
#17
Kevin J Schabbing, Jeffrey A Seaman
An approximately 22 mo old male neutered English bulldog was evaluated for acute onset of dyspnea with suspected brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS). Laryngoscopic exam revealed diffuse, severe edema and static displacement of redundant glossoepiglottic (GE) mucosa causing complete obstruction of the larynx and epiglottic entrapment. Static displacement of the GE mucosa was observed and determined to be the overriding component of dyspnea in this patient with BOAS. Resection and primary closure with two separate, simple continuous sutures of the GE mucosa were performed...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285590/molecular-detection-of-hepatozoon-spp-and-cytauxzoon-sp-in-domestic-and-stray-cats-from-madrid-spain
#18
David Díaz-Regañón, Alejandra Villaescusa, Tania Ayllón, Fernando Rodríguez-Franco, Gad Baneth, Lydia Calleja-Bueno, Mercedes García-Sancho, Beatriz Agulla, Ángel Sainz
BACKGROUND: Different species of apicomplexan protozoans of the genera Hepatozoon and Cytauxzoon can infect domestic cats, but their epidemiology and clinical relevance are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to assess the molecular prevalence of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon spp. and to identify associated risk factors and clinical and laboratory abnormalities in a population of cats from Madrid, Spain. METHODS: Six hundred and forty-four client-owned and stray cats from Madrid, Spain, were included in this study...
March 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274585/factors-associated-with-canine-resource-guarding-behaviour-in-the-presence-of-dogs-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-dog-owners
#19
Jacquelyn A Jacobs, Jason B Coe, David L Pearl, Tina M Widowski, Lee Niel
Resource guarding (RG) involves the use of specific behaviour patterns to control access to an item of potential "value" (as perceived by the dog), and can be expressed in the presence of various animals, including other dogs. The current study aimed to identify factors associated with RG patterns expressed around other dogs. Dog owners (n=3068) were recruited through social media to answer questions regarding dog- and household-related factors, as well as their dog's current and past behaviour around resources in the presence of other dogs...
February 20, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268035/factors-associated-with-canine-resource-guarding-behaviour-in-the-presence-of-people-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-dog-owners
#20
Jacquelyn A Jacobs, Jason B Coe, David L Pearl, Tina M Widowski, Lee Niel
Resource guarding (RG) involves the use of specific behaviour patterns to control access to an item of potential "value" to the dog. Of particular concern are patterns involving aggression, due to safety concerns, but other patterns of RG behaviour are prevalent and include avoidance (i.e., positioning of the head or body to maintain item control, or location change with the item) and rapid ingestion (i.e., rapid ingestion of a consumable item). Current research has not investigated the etiology of RG aggression in depth, nor have the additional patterns of resource guarding been considered...
February 17, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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