keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neuter

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734853/the-impact-of-mk-467-on-sedation-heart-rate-and-arterial-blood-pressure-after-intramuscular-coadministration-with-dexmedetomidine-in-conscious-cats
#1
Juhana Honkavaara, Bruno Pypendop, Jan Ilkiw
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of MK-467, a peripheral α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, on sedation, heart rate and blood pressure after intramuscular (IM) coadministration with 25 μg kg(-1) of dexmedetomidine in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, blinded, cross-over, experimental study. ANIMALS: A total of eight healthy, adult, neutered male cats. METHODS: Cats were administered five IM treatments at least 2 weeks apart, consisting of dexmedetomidine 25 μg kg(-1) (D25), MK-467 600 μg kg(-1) (M600) and D25 combined with 300, 600 and 1200 μg kg(-1) of MK-467 (D25M300, D25M600 and D25M1200, respectively)...
March 22, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718700/use-of-single-dose-oral-gabapentin-to-attenuate-fear-responses-in-cage-trap-confined-community-cats-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-field-trial
#2
Katherine E Pankratz, Kelli K Ferris, Emily H Griffith, Barbara L Sherman
Objectives This double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the safety and efficacy of single-dose oral gabapentin administered for the attenuation of fear responses in cage-trap confined community cats. Methods Community cats presented in cage traps for trap-neuter-return (TNR) were recruited and screened for inclusion. Each enrolled cat was randomly assigned and administered one of three equal-volume, single-dose treatments: placebo, low-dose gabapentin (50 mg) or high-dose gabapentin (100 mg). At baseline, 1, 2, 3 and 12 h post-administration, a single, blinded observer scored each cat for signs of fear and sedation using published paradigms, calculated the respiratory rate and documented any observable facial injuries...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716190/risk-factors-for-underweight-and-overweight-in-cats-in-metropolitan-sydney-australia
#3
Kendy T Teng, Paul D McGreevy, Jenny-Ann L M L Toribio, David Raubenheimer, Kim Kendall, Navneet K Dhand
Obesity is regarded as one of the most significant welfare issues in companion animals. Some risk factors affecting body condition in cats have been determined, but many remain controversial. The current study aimed to investigate the risk factors for overweight and underweight in cats in metropolitan Sydney. Electronic patient records for 11 years (2005-2015) were acquired from a feline primary practice in metropolitan Sydney. The 9-point body condition score (BCS) evaluation in each visit was classified into three groups: underweight (1-3), ideal-weight (4-6) and overweight (7-9)...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712481/korean-sa-ahm-acupuncture-for-treating-canine-oral-fibrosarcoma
#4
Keum Hwa Choi, Kristi Flynn
A nine-year-old male neutered Golden Retriever presented with oral fibrosarcoma. Sa-Ahm Traditional Korean acupuncture was provided along with medicinal herb treatment. Based on Sa-Ahm's theory, the constitution of this case was hypoactive Large-Intestine (LI) meridian qi. The acupuncture treatment was focused on reinforcing LI meridian qi along with reinforcing Small-Intestine and Liver meridian qi. The necrosis of the tumor started from 8 months after treatments and was completely necrotized around 1 month after initiation of tumor necrosis...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710955/epidemiologic-evaluation-of-canine-urolithiasis-in-thailand-from-2009-to-2015
#5
Vachira Hunprasit, Carl A Osborne, Pamela J Schreiner, Jeff B Bender, Jody P Lulich
The cross-sectional study described the epidemiology of 8560 canine urolith submissions from Thailand to the Minnesota Urolith Center between January 2009 and December 2015. The frequency of urolith types, the relationships between urolith type and breed, sex, and neutered status, and change of annual submission proportion over the study period were analyzed. Struvite was the most common canine urolith (44%), and was commonly found in intact females with a mean age of 6.3±3.1years. Calcium oxalate was the second most common (27%), more frequently found in intact males with a mean age of 8...
July 9, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702755/the-influence-of-breed-and-environmental-factors-on-social-and-solitary-play-in-dogs-canis-lupus-familiaris
#6
Lindsay R Mehrkam, Nathaniel J Hall, Chelsea Haitz, Clive D L Wynne
The domestic dog is an ideal model species in which to study the genetic and environmental factors that influence play behavior. Dogs exist in a wide variety of breeds and frequently engage in multiple forms of play. In the present study, we investigated whether the levels of solitary and social play differed between dogs of three breed types with distinct predatory motor pattern sequences (herding dogs, retrievers, and livestock guarding dogs [LGDs]). Furthermore, we investigated how environmental factors (social and nonsocial contexts) influenced play in dogs of these breed types...
July 12, 2017: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698689/syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-in-a-dog-with-a-histiocytic-sarcoma
#7
Anne-Charlotte Barrot, Agathe Bédard, Marilyn Dunn
A 7-year-old female neutered Bernese mountain dog was presented in a semi-comatose state. Based on serum hypo-osmolality with inappropriate urine hyper-osmolality and urine sodium excretion, the dog was diagnosed with a syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion secondary to a histiocytic sarcoma. This report describes the first case of this syndrome in a dog with histiocytic sarcoma.
July 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697869/perioperative-mortality-in-cats-and-dogs-undergoing-spay-or-castration-at-a-high-volume-clinic
#8
J K Levy, K M Bard, S J Tucker, P D Diskant, P A Dingman
High volume spay-neuter (spay-castration) clinics have been established to improve population control of cats and dogs to reduce the number of animals admitted to and euthanazed in animal shelters. The rise in the number of spay-neuter clinics in the USA has been accompanied by concern about the quality of animal care provided in high volume facilities, which focus on minimally invasive, time saving techniques, high throughput and simultaneous management of multiple animals under various stages of anesthesia...
June 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693574/demographics-of-dogs-cats-and-rabbits-attending-veterinary-practices-in-great-britain-as-recorded-in-their-electronic-health-records
#9
Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Peter-John M Noble, Phil H Jones, Tarek Menacere, Iain Buchan, Suzanna Reynolds, Susan Dawson, Rosalind M Gaskell, Sally Everitt, Alan D Radford
BACKGROUND: Understanding the distribution and determinants of disease in animal populations must be underpinned by knowledge of animal demographics. For companion animals, these data have been difficult to collect because of the distributed nature of the companion animal veterinary industry. Here we describe key demographic features of a large veterinary-visiting pet population in Great Britain as recorded in electronic health records, and explore the association between a range of animal's characteristics and socioeconomic factors...
July 11, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691350/serum-testosterone-sperm-quality-cytological-physicochemical-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-the-prostatic-fraction-of-dogs-with-prostatomegaly
#10
A Aquino-Cortez, B Q Pinheiro, Hvr Silva, Dbc Lima, Tfp Silva, M B Souza, D A Viana, Faf Xavier Júnior, Jsam Evangelista, F Z Brandão, Ldm Silva
Prostatomegaly is a common finding in older non-neutered dogs. This study compared the serum testosterone, sperm quality and characteristics of the prostatic fraction between healthy dogs and dogs with prostatomegaly. Blood samples of ten dogs (five dogs from each group) were taken for serum testosterone measurement. Sperm motility, vigour, concentration, viability, membrane functionality and morphology were analysed in sperm-rich fraction. Osmolality, pH, cell types, and albumin, haemoglobin, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and chloride were analysed in prostatic fraction...
July 9, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689817/length-of-time-domestic-dogs-canis-familiaris-spend-smelling-urine-of-gonadectomised-and-intact-conspecifics
#11
Anna C Riach, Rachel Asquith, Melissa L D Fallon
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) use urine to communicate among themselves, however, it is unknown whether the gonadectomy (neutering or spaying) of a dog affects this communication in anyway. Urine samples from 10 intact and 10 gonadectomised, unfamiliar dogs were presented to 12 tester dogs to sniff under controlled conditions in a pilot study. The amount of time the tester dogs spent sniffing each sample was recorded. Overall, tester dogs were recorded smelling the urine of gonadectomised individuals for a longer time...
July 6, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678386/association-between-cystine-urolithiasis-and-neuter-status-of-dogs-within-the-uk
#12
J Florey, V Ewen, H Syme
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to examine the association between diagnosis of cystine urolithiasis and entire versus neutered status in male dogs and whether the strength of association varies among breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A previously reported canine urolithiasis database was used, documenting all urolith submissions to Hill's Pet Nutrition UK over a 10-year period. Uroliths were classified as cystine or non-cystine, and only male dogs with known neuter status were included in the analysis...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661169/assessing-law-enforcement-performance-in-behavior-based-threat-detection-tasks-involving-a-concealed-weapon-or-device
#13
Dawn M Sweet, Christian A Meissner, Dominick J Atkinson
Across 3 experiments, we assessed the ability of law enforcement officers and naïve controls to detect the concealment of a weapon or device. Study 1 used a classic signal detection paradigm in which participants were asked to assess whether a target was concealing a neutered 9-mm handgun. Study 2 involved a compound signal detection paradigm in which participants assessed whether or not 1 of several individuals was concealing an unstable device in their backpack. Study 3 moved to a 2-alternative forced choice paradigm in which participants evaluated which of 2 targets was concealing an unstable device in his backpack...
June 29, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657796/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-addressing-veterinary-care-for-underserved-communities
#14
Elizabeth LaVallee, Megan Kiely Mueller, Emily McCobb
Currently, there is a care gap in veterinary medicine affecting low-income and underserved communities, resulting in decreased nonhuman-animal health and welfare. The use of low-price and community veterinary clinics in underserved populations is a strategy to improve companion-animal health through preventative care, spay/neuter, and other low-price care programs and services. Little research has documented the structure and effectiveness of such initiatives. This systematic review aimed to assess current published research pertaining to accessible health care, community-based veterinary medicine, and the use of community medicine in teaching programs...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657484/teaching-veterinary-anesthesia-a-survey-based-evaluation-of-two-high-fidelity-models-and-live-animal-experience-for-undergraduate-veterinary-students
#15
Gabrielle C Musk, Teresa Collins, Giselle Hosgood
In veterinary medical education, reduction, replacement, and refinement (the three Rs) must be considered. Three clinical skills in anesthesia were identified as challenging to students: endotracheal intubation, intravenous catheterization, and drug dose calculations. The aims of this project were to evaluate students' perception of their level of confidence in performing these three clinical skills in veterinary anesthesia, to document the extent of students' previous experience in performing these three tasks, and to describe students' emotional states during this training...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653385/cricopharyngeal-dysphagia-and-phenobarbitone-responsive-sialoadenosis-in-a-miniature-poodle
#16
Sam McCann, M le Chevoir, L Lacorcia, Bgj Wernham, C S Mansfield
CASE REPORT: An 11-year-old male neutered Miniature Poodle was investigated for ptyalism, weight loss and anorexia. Cricopharyngeal dysphagia was diagnosed using fluoroscopy, and non-inflammatory salivary disease was diagnosed using a combination of cytology and computed tomography. The dog was successfully managed with phenobarbitone. CONCLUSION: To the authors' knowledge this is the first time acquired cricopharyngeal dysphagia and phenobarbitone-responsive sialoadenosis have been described together...
July 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643620/adult-dogs-are-capable-of-regulating-calcium-balance-with-no-adverse-effects-on-health-when-fed-a-high-calcium-diet
#17
Jonathan Stockman, Phillip Watson, Matthew Gilham, David Allaway, Jujhar Atwal, Richard Haydock, Alison Colyer, Helen Renfrew, Penelope J Morris
Although the implications of long-term high Ca intakes have been well documented in growing dogs, the health consequences of Ca excess in adult dogs remain to be established. To evaluate the impact of feeding a diet containing 7·1 g/4184 kJ (1000 kcal) Ca for 40 weeks on Ca balance and health parameters in adult dogs, eighteen neutered adult Labrador Retrievers, (nine males and nine females) aged 2·5-7·4 years were randomised to one of two customised diets for 40 weeks. The diets were manufactured according to similar nutritional specifications, with the exception of Ca and P levels...
May 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631547/cryptococcal-maxillary-osteomyelitis-and-osteonecrosis-in-a-18-month-old-dog
#18
Katherine Block, Jean Battig
An 18-month-old neutered male labradoodle was treated with surgical debridement for maxillary osteomyelitis and sequestrum formation. Histopathologic findings of the necrotic bone were consistent with Cryptococcus subspecies, confirmed with latex agglutination serum titer testing. The patient responded to a combination of fluconazole and surgical debridement and was titer negative after 8 months of medical therapy. The patient never exhibited signs of systemic illness which is commonly reported with cryptococcosis...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630696/the-impact-of-time-of-neutering-on-weight-gain-and-energy-intake-in-female-kittens
#19
David Allaway, Matthew Gilham, Alison Colyer, Penelope J Morris
Neutering is a risk factor for obesity in companion animals. In a study to determine the total energy requirements of kittens (15-52 weeks) the impact of neutering and age when neutered on intake and body weight (BW) was investigated. Females (n 14), neutered when 19 (early neuter; EN) or 31 (conventional neuter; CN) weeks old (n 7/group), were individually fed to maintain an ideal body condition score (BCS). EN kittens gained weight gradually whilst CN kittens' BW gain slowed from week 24, weighing less than EN kittens from week 30 with a reduced energy intake (kcal/kg BW(0·67)) in weeks 24-32 (P < 0·05)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630694/physical-activity-level-of-female-and-male-adult-cats-before-and-after-running-wheel-habituation
#20
Katelyn B Detweiler, Samona Rawal, Kelly S Swanson, Maria R C de Godoy
The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether access to a running wheel increases voluntary physical activity in adult female and male domestic cats. Eight neutered domestic shorthair male cats (mean age 8·6 (sd 0·05) years) and eleven intact domestic shorthair female cats (mean age 3·3 (sd 0·14) years) were group housed for 22 h daily and individually housed during the feeding period. Voluntary physical activity was measured using accelerometers. Experimental design consisted of 1 week of baseline physical activity measurement, followed by 3 weeks of wheel habituation, and 1 week of physical activity measurement post-wheel habituation...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
keyword
keyword
35063
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"