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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295452/presumed-lupus-erythematosus-cells-identified-in-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-from-a-mexican-hairless-dog
#1
Laura J Black, Ashley C Hechler, Maura E Duffy, Sarah S K Beatty
A neutered male Mexican Hairless dog was presented for generalized weight loss and weakness. Initial laboratory testing and diagnostic imaging revealed thrombocytopenia and an interstitial to miliary lung pattern affecting all lung fields. Mild joint effusion was found on physical examination affecting the stifle, tarsal, carpal, and elbow joints. Examination of synovial fluid demonstrated an inflammatory polyarthropathy in 3 joints. Cytocentrifuged and direct preparations of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid sample were made and cells consistent with lupus erythematosus (LE) cells and ragocytes were found...
March 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291399/resection-and-primary-closure-of-edematous-glossoepiglottic-mucosa-in-a-dog-causing-laryngeal-obstruction
#2
Kevin J Schabbing, Jeffrey A Seaman
An approximately 22 mo old male neutered English bulldog was evaluated for acute onset of dyspnea with suspected brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS). Laryngoscopic exam revealed diffuse, severe edema and static displacement of redundant glossoepiglottic (GE) mucosa causing complete obstruction of the larynx and epiglottic entrapment. Static displacement of the GE mucosa was observed and determined to be the overriding component of dyspnea in this patient with BOAS. Resection and primary closure with two separate, simple continuous sutures of the GE mucosa were performed...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285590/molecular-detection-of-hepatozoon-spp-and-cytauxzoon-sp-in-domestic-and-stray-cats-from-madrid-spain
#3
David Díaz-Regañón, Alejandra Villaescusa, Tania Ayllón, Fernando Rodríguez-Franco, Gad Baneth, Lydia Calleja-Bueno, Mercedes García-Sancho, Beatriz Agulla, Ángel Sainz
BACKGROUND: Different species of apicomplexan protozoans of the genera Hepatozoon and Cytauxzoon can infect domestic cats, but their epidemiology and clinical relevance are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to assess the molecular prevalence of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon spp. and to identify associated risk factors and clinical and laboratory abnormalities in a population of cats from Madrid, Spain. METHODS: Six hundred and forty-four client-owned and stray cats from Madrid, Spain, were included in this study...
March 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274585/factors-associated-with-canine-resource-guarding-behaviour-in-the-presence-of-dogs-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-dog-owners
#4
Jacquelyn A Jacobs, Jason B Coe, David L Pearl, Tina M Widowski, Lee Niel
Resource guarding (RG) involves the use of specific behaviour patterns to control access to an item of potential "value" (as perceived by the dog), and can be expressed in the presence of various animals, including other dogs. The current study aimed to identify factors associated with RG patterns expressed around other dogs. Dog owners (n=3068) were recruited through social media to answer questions regarding dog- and household-related factors, as well as their dog's current and past behaviour around resources in the presence of other dogs...
February 20, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268035/factors-associated-with-canine-resource-guarding-behaviour-in-the-presence-of-people-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-dog-owners
#5
Jacquelyn A Jacobs, Jason B Coe, David L Pearl, Tina M Widowski, Lee Niel
Resource guarding (RG) involves the use of specific behaviour patterns to control access to an item of potential "value" to the dog. Of particular concern are patterns involving aggression, due to safety concerns, but other patterns of RG behaviour are prevalent and include avoidance (i.e., positioning of the head or body to maintain item control, or location change with the item) and rapid ingestion (i.e., rapid ingestion of a consumable item). Current research has not investigated the etiology of RG aggression in depth, nor have the additional patterns of resource guarding been considered...
February 17, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266334/processing-grammatical-gender-in-dutch-evidence-from-eye-movements
#6
Susanne Brouwer, Simone Sprenger, Sharon Unsworth
Previous research has demonstrated that grammatical gender in Dutch is typically acquired late. Most of this work used production data only, and consequently children's knowledge of Dutch gender may have been underestimated. In this study, therefore, we examined whether 49 4- to 7-year-old Dutch-speaking children (and 19 adult controls) were able to use gender marking in the article preceding the object label during online sentence processing to (a) anticipate the upcoming object label or to (b) facilitate the processing of that label as it is presented...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263119/surgical-management-of-pivot-shift-phenomenon-in-a-dog
#7
Rebekah C Knight, David G Thomson, Alan Danielski
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6.8-year-old neutered male Labrador Retriever-Poodle mix was evaluated because of continued left pelvic limb lameness unresponsive to conservative management 1 year after undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO). CLINICAL FINDINGS A jerking lateral movement of the left stifle joint was detected during walking. Orthopedic examination revealed a pivot-shift phenomenon (PSP). Palpation elicited no signs of discomfort over the TPLO plate or caudomedial aspect of the stifle joint. Radiography revealed complete bone fusion at the osteotomy site and only mild joint effusion...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261586/aging-and-veterinary-care-of-cats-dogs-and-horses-through-the-records-of-three-university-veterinary-hospitals
#8
Bruno Cozzi, Cristina Ballarin, Roberto Mantovani, Ada Rota
The present article examines over 63,000 medical records belonging to the Veterinary Hospitals of the Universities of Bologna, Torino, and Padova, all in Northern Italy, and relative to dogs (approximately 50,000), cats (approximately 12,000), and companion horses (slightly less than 1,000). The animals of the three species were divided into age classes and categorized per sex into males, females, and neutered individuals. The mean age at visit and the effects of age classes and category (analyzed via ANOVA) are presented and discussed...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257155/surgical-retrieval-of-a-guide-wire-lost-during-central-venous-catheterization-in-a-dog
#9
Jade M Hardy, Jennifer L Lansdowne, Carol A Himsel, Sean R Freer
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of successful surgical removal of a guide wire lost during central venous catheterization. CASE SUMMARY: A 28 kg, 4-year-old female neutered mixed breed dog presented to the primary care veterinarian with diabetic ketosis. During the process of central venous catheterization, the guide wire was accidently released and the entire length of the guide wire slipped into the jugular vein. Due to the absence of nearby interventional radiology facilities, surgical intervention was proposed...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256023/urethral-sphincter-mechanism-incompetence-in-163-neutered-female-dogs-diagnosis-treatment-and-relationship-of-weight-and-age-at-neuter-to-development-of-disease
#10
J K Byron, K H Taylor, G S Phillips, M S Stahl
BACKGROUND: Urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence (USMI) is the most common cause of urinary incontinence in neutered bitches and is most common in dogs weighing >20 kg. OBJECTIVES: To describe a population of neutered bitches with USMI and investigate their initial presentation, the relationship between weight and age at neuter, and treatment. ANIMALS: One hundred and sixty-three female dogs with USMI (UI) diagnosed between January 2009 and December 2012, and 193 continent neutered control (C) bitches...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241874/restored-vision-in-a-young-dog-following-corticosteroid-treatment-of-presumptive-hypophysitis
#11
Nina Marie Rzechorzek, Tiziana Liuti, Catherine Stalin, Katia Marioni-Henry
BACKGROUND: Hypophysitis is an umbrella term for a group of disorders involving inflammation of the pituitary gland. A rare occurrence in humans, hypophysitis can produce a range of clinical signs including (but not limited to) visual deficits and diabetes insipidus. Only five cases of canine hypophysitis exist in the literature, all presenting in mature dogs with no visual deficits and a grave outcome. This case report describes the clinical and advanced imaging features of blindness-inducing presumptive hypophysitis in a dog, which rapidly resolved with medical management...
February 28, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239863/roaming-behaviour-of-dogs-in-four-remote-aboriginal-communities-in-the-northern-territory-australia-preliminary-investigations
#12
S Molloy, A Burleigh, S Dürr, M P Ward
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the home range (HR) and investigate the potential predictors for roaming of 58 dogs in four Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory. DESIGN: Prospective study. PROCEDURE: Global positioning system (GPS) collars were attached to the dogs for 1-4 days, recording location fixes every 1-3 min. Utilisation distributions (UDs) and extended (95% isopleth) and core (50% isopleth) HRs of dogs were determined. Potential predictors of roaming were assessed...
March 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239861/glucocorticoid-deficient-hypoadrenocorticism-secondary-to-intravascular-lymphoma-in-the-adrenal-glands-of-a-dog
#13
M E Buckley, P S Chapman, A Walsh
CASE REPORT: A 2-year-old neutered male German Shepherd dog was presented with weakness, poor appetite and weight loss. Glucocorticoid-deficient hypoadrenocorticism was diagnosed with undetectable pre- and post-ACTH cortisol concentrations but normal sodium and potassium concentrations. Despite appropriate supplementation with glucocorticoids, the patient's weakness progressed and neurological deficits developed. The patient was euthanased. Histopathological analysis of multiple organs, including the adrenal glands, showed an accumulation of neoplastic lymphocytes within blood vessels, consistent with a diagnosis of intravascular lymphoma...
March 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230234/nasal-infestation-by-linguatula-serrata-in-a-dog-in-the-uk-a-case-report
#14
E Villedieu, R F Sanchez, R E Jepson, G Ter Haar
A two-year-old, female neutered, cross-breed dog imported from Romania was diagnosed with nasal infestation of Linguatula serrata after she sneezed out an adult female. The dog was presented with mucopurulent/sanguinous nasal discharge, marked left-sided exophthalmia, conjunctival hyperaemia and chemosis. Computed tomography and left frontal sinusotomy revealed no further evidence of adult parasites. In addition, there was no evidence of egg shedding in the nasal secretions or faeces. Clinical signs resolved within 48 hours of sinusotomy, and with systemic broad-spectrum antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229071/bilateral-vertebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-causing-cervical-spinal-cord-compression-in-a-dog
#15
Kathryn E Rhue, Amanda R Taylor, Robert C Cole, Randolph L Winter
A 10-year-old male neutered mixed breed dog was evaluated for cervical hyperesthesia and tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and cervical spinal cord identified an extradural compressive lesion over the body of C2 caused by marked dilation of the vertebral venous sinuses. Following intravenous contrast administration both vertebral sinuses had heterogeneous contrast enhancement consistent with incomplete thrombi formation. An abdominal ultrasound also showed a distal aortic thrombus. A definitive cause for the thrombi formation was not identified, but the patient had several predisposing factors which may have contributed...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222103/owner-perceived-differences-between-mixed-breed-and-purebred-dogs
#16
Borbála Turcsán, Ádám Miklósi, Enikő Kubinyi
Studies about the behaviours of mixed-breed dogs are rare, although mixed-breeds represent the majority of the world's dog population. We have conducted two surveys to investigate the behavioural, demographic, and dog keeping differences between purebred and mixed-breed companion dogs. Questionnaire data were collected on a large sample of dogs living in Germany (N = 7,700 purebred dogs representing more than 200 breeds, and N = 7,691 mixed-breeds). We found that according to their owners, mixed-breeds were (1) less calm, (2) less sociable toward other dogs, and (3) showed more problematic behaviour than purebreds (p < 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219956/mineral-status-in-canine-medial-coronoid-process-disease-a-cohort-study-using-analysis-of-hair-by-mass-spectrometry
#17
M Davies, J West, C Williams, D S Gardner
In several species, developmental skeletal diseases involving abnormal endochondral ossification have been associated with imbalanced mineral intake. Hair analysis reflects long-term mineral status. To determine the mineral content of hair from dogs with or without medial coronoid process disease (MCPD). Dogs with MCPD have a different profile of minerals known to influence metalloenzymes involved in endochondral ossification. After cleansing, chelation and acid digestion of hair samples (n=79 in total: control dogs, n=70 v MCPD, n=9), mineral profile (7 major and 25 trace elements) was determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry...
February 20, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216682/use-of-canine-sourced-platelet-rich-plasma-in-a-feline-contaminated-cutaneous-wound
#18
Francesco Gemignani, Anna Perazzi, Ilaria Iacopetti
A 4-year-old neutered female domestic shorthaired cat was treated with canine sourced platelet-rich plasma at the Veterinary Hospital at University of Padua for a large skin defect on the left lateral neck region. The wound healed completely within 20 days and no adverse reaction was observed during the healing process.
February 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205462/atypical-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-a-german-shepherd-dog
#19
Christina L Marino, Jimmy N S N Tran, Tracy Stokol
A 4-y-old neutered male German Shepherd Dog was presented with a 3-d duration of lethargy, restlessness, and vomiting. Physical examination revealed generalized lymphadenopathy, pale mucous membranes, systolic heart murmur, dehydration, and fever. Hematologic abnormalities included moderate-to-marked leukocytosis, characterized by neutrophilia with a left shift to progranulocytes and 2% presumptive myeloid blasts, marked anemia that was nonregenerative, and marked thrombocytopenia. Dysplasia was evident in neutrophils and platelets...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202088/what-influences-the-home-range-size-of-free-roaming-domestic-dogs
#20
S Dürr, N K Dhand, C Bombara, S Molloy, M P Ward
In many regions of the world domestic dogs are free roaming and live in close relationship with humans. These free-roaming domestic dogs (FRDD) can cause public health problems such as dog bites and transmission of infectious diseases. To effectively control diseases transmitted by FRDD, knowledge on the dogs' behaviour is required. To identify predictors of home range (HR) size, we collected global positioning system data from 135 FRDD living in eight Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Northern Australia...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
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