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Anna Suñol, Patricia Montoliu, Marta López, Joan Mascort, Carles Morales
Case summary: A 12-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was presented to our referral hospital with a chronic history of tenesmus and lumbosacral pain. A diagnosis of degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS) was made and a standard dorsal L7-S1 laminectomy was performed uneventfully, with complete recovery within 1 month. The cat was brought back 4 months later for investigation of lumbosacral pain after having suffered a minor traumatic event. Neurological examination identified a low tail carriage, weakness, exercise intolerance, left pelvic limb lameness and diminished withdrawal reflexes in both pelvic limbs with severe sacrocaudal pain...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Selvi Jegatheeson, Julie Wayne, Laura K Brockley
Case summary: A 7-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat presented for investigation of a swelling over the right forelimb. Radiographs of the right forelimb revealed significant lysis and soft tissue swelling surrounding a previously implanted surgical plate, used to repair a fracture of the distal radius 5 years prior. The implant was removed, and a biopsy was collected. Histopathological analysis and immunohistochemistry diagnosed a non-epitheliotropic T-cell cutaneous lymphoma...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Philippa Welsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
Ilaria Biasato, Renato Zanatta, Lorella Maniscalco, Rocchina Evangelista, Bryan Iotti, Selina Iussich
The unexpected demise of a 12-year-old male neutered English bulldog solicited a gross examination, which revealed a blood-filled space occurring in the proximal left subclavian artery (LSA). It originated about 1 cm from the branching point of the vessel and progressively dilated for 3 cm distal to this origin. Histopathological investigation showed that the tunica media of the LSA was more than 50% split, with the blood-filled space dissecting through the arterial wall. In the tunica media of the LSA, severe multifocal fragmentation and/or loss of the elastic fibers was observed...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Sloane Hawes, Josephine Kerrigan, Kevin Morris
With advances in veterinary medicine that can increase the lifespan of cats and dogs and the effectiveness of spay/neuter programs in reducing the juvenile population of pets, animal shelters are experiencing an increasing population of older companion animals in their care. The purpose of this study was to assess the factors that inform the outcomes of these older cats and dogs. The sample consisted of 124 cats and 122 dogs that were over the age of 84 months (seven years) who were taken into a shelter over a one-year period...
March 7, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Christine Senneca, Gabriel Garcia, Justin F Rosenberg, Darryl Heard, Erin Porter, Lilian Olivera, Lisa Farina
A neutered male Siberian tiger ( Panthera tigris altaica) presented with paraplegia of 5 days' duration. Thoracolumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a focal, linear T2-W hyperintense intramedullary lesion at the level of T10-11 as well as reduced size of the nucleus pulposus of the T10-11 intervertebral disc. The animal was humanely euthanatized as a result of the severity of clinical signs and the poor prognosis. Gross necropsy revealed a dark red, firm focus on the spinal cord at the level of the T11 nerve roots...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Elizabeth A F Schaefer, Rebecca E H Whiting, Jacqueline W Pearce, Bruce H Grahn, Charles W Hamm, Cecil P Moore, Kristina L Narfström
A 11-year-old neutered male Labrador retriever-cross dog was presented to the University of Missouri-Columbia Veterinary Ophthalmology Service for subtle visual deficits. Indirect ophthalmoscopy revealed a smooth, bullous elevation in the superior-temporal retina OU. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) performed OU showed inner retinal separation consistent with retinoschisis. Electroretinography (ERG) revealed markedly reduced b-wave amplitudes in the more severely affected eye (OD) compared with the less severely affected eye (OS)...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Hannah J Robbins, Rachel A Casey, Jane Clements, Tim Gruffydd-Jones, Jane K Murray
Neutering is key to feline population control. Neutering campaigns provide education and/or financial assistance to encourage neutering. This study assessed the impact of the Cats Protection East Midlands Neutering Campaign (CPEMNC) on the proportion and ages of cats neutered. The CPEMNC, comprising of an outreach programme and voucher-based subsidised neutering scheme, began in June 2014. A convenience sample of owners who had attended 12 regional veterinary practices to complete a cat vaccination course in June/July 2014, or to have their cat neutered in October 2014 (CAMPAIGN) were compared with an equivalent control period in 2013 (CONTROL)...
March 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
D T Tyler Flockhart, Jason B Coe
Concerns over cat homelessness, over-taxed animal shelters, public health risks, and environmental impacts has raised attention on urban-cat populations. To truly understand cat population dynamics, the collective population of owned cats, unowned cats, and cats in the shelter system must be considered simultaneously because each subpopulation contributes differently to the overall population of cats in a community (e.g., differences in neuter rates, differences in impacts on wildlife) and cats move among categories through human interventions (e...
2018: PloS One
I Airikkala-Otter, L Gamble, S Mazeri, I G Handel, B M de C Bronsvoort, R J Mellanby, N V Meunier
BACKGROUND: Surgical sterilisation is currently the method of choice for controlling free-roaming dog populations. However, there are significant logistical challenges to neutering large numbers of dogs in low-resource clinics. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of short-term surgical complications in a low-resource sterilisation clinic which did not routinely administer post-operative antibiotics. The medical records of all sterilisation surgeries performed in 2015 at the Worldwide Veterinary Service International Training Centre in Tamil Nadu, India were reviewed (group A) to assess immediate surgical complications...
February 27, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
J Elliott
CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old neutered male British Shorthair cat presented with two rapidly growing subcutaneous masses, one over each thoracic wall. High-grade, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was confirmed following histopathology, immunohistochemistry and PCR analysis for antigen receptor re-arrangements. Following biopsy there was rapid regression of the remaining neoplastic tissue with no medical treatment. The cat relapsed 3 months later, with poor response to therapy, and was euthanased...
March 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
Sarah Ehling, Ronald E Baynes, Wolfgang Bäumer
OBJECTIVE To determine the pharmacokinetics of florfenicol, terbinafine, and betamethasone acetate after topical application to canine auricular skin and the influence of synthetic canine cerumen on pharmacokinetics. SAMPLE Auricular skin from 6 euthanized shelter dogs (3 females and 3 neutered males with no visible signs of otitis externa). PROCEDURES Skin adjacent to the external opening of the ear canal was collected and prepared for use in a 2-compartment flow-through diffusion cell system to evaluate penetration of an otic gel containing florfenicol, terbinafine, and betamethasone acetate over a 24-hour period...
March 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Anna Shipov, Josh Milgram, Nitzan Shalev, Itamar Aroch, Gilad Segev
OBJECTIVE: D-dimer is a specific marker of active coagulation and fibrinolysis. The objective of this study is to determine the influence of surgery on D-dimer concentration as well as to examine the relation between the magnitude of change and invasiveness of the surgical procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Forty-five client-owned dogs undergoing elective neutering (n = 15), elective orthopedic (n = 15), or posttraumatic orthopedic (n = 15) surgical procedures...
February 21, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Anne-Sophie Bua, Anaïs Combes, Pierre Maitre, Yannick Bongrand
CASE DESCRIPTION A 7-year-old 44-kg (97-lb) neutered male Great Pyrenees was referred for evaluation because of episodic dyspnea with cyanosis of 1 to 2 weeks' duration. Three days prior to evaluation, the clinical signs had worsened, including 1 episode of collapse. CLINICAL FINDINGS Thoracic radiography and CT revealed a well-delineated soft tissue mass, located approximately 1.5 cm cranial to the carina and occupying almost 90% of the tracheal lumen. A CBC and serum biochemical analysis were performed, and all results were within reference limits...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Bill Oxley
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of a 3-dimensional (3D)-printed patient-specific reduction guide system to facilitate minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) of a humeral fracture in a cat. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 9-year-old male neutered domestic short hair cat weighing 4.4 kg. METHODS: A 9-year-old male domestic short hair cat was presented with a comminuted, mid-diaphyseal left humeral fracture. Computed tomographic data were processed to yield 3D mesh representations of both humeri and subsequently manipulated in computer-aided design software...
February 15, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
A Montoya, M García, R Gálvez, R Checa, V Marino, J Sarquis, J P Barrera, C Rupérez, L Caballero, C Chicharro, I Cruz, G Miró
Cats are definitive hosts and reservoirs for several parasites, some of which are responsible for serious zoonotic diseases. We conducted a case-control study of data from a trap-neuter-return (TNR) programme (years 2014-2017) designed to examine the prevalence of zoonotic parasites in free-roaming cats living in urban areas of central Spain. In the animal population tested (n = 263), we detected a 29.2% prevalence of endoparasites, including high rates of cestodes (12.9%) and Toxocara cati (11.7%). While faecal samples showed no Toxoplasma gondii oocysts, the seroprevalence of T...
February 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
S J Taetzsch, A S Bertke, K R Gruszynski
Feral cats raise public health concerns due to their large population numbers and ability to harbour pathogens that cause disease in people, pets, and wildlife. Information regarding the potential for feral cats to intersect with areas frequented by humans is lacking. This study examined the potential for feral cats and human territories to overlap in the Richmond metropolitan area of Central Virginia. Feral cats (n = 275) were trapped for monthly trap-neuter-release (TNR) clinics from July to November 2016...
February 8, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
Bruno H Pypendop, Kristine T Siao, M G Ranasinghe, Kirby Pasloske
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effective plasma alfaxalone concentration for the production of immobility in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective up-and-down study. ANIMALS: Sixteen 1-2 year old male castrated research cats. METHODS: Cats were instrumented with catheters in a jugular and a medial saphenous vein. Alfaxalone was administered via the medial saphenous catheter, using a target-controlled infusion system. The infusion lasted for approximately 32 minutes...
February 5, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Michael S Kent, Jenna H Burton, Gillian Dank, Danika L Bannasch, Robert B Rebhun
Golden retriever dogs have been reported to have an increased prevalence of cancer compared to other breeds. There is also controversy over the effect spay or neuter status might have on longevity and the risk for developing cancer. The electronic medical records system at an academic center was searched for all dogs who had a necropsy exam from 1989-2016. 9,677 canine necropsy examinations were completed of which 655 were golden retrievers. Age was known for 652 with a median age of death 9.15 years. 424 of the 652 (65...
2018: PloS One
Luca Pazzini, Linda Mugnaini, Francesca Mancianti, Lorenzo Ressel
A 5-year-old indoor male neutered Siamese cat was presented with clinical signs of sneezing and chronic bilateral purulent nasal discharge. Multiple nasal cavity swabs were submitted for bacterial cultures, Mycoplasma felis-DNA qPCR, and cytology. M felisqPCR was positive and cytomorphologic diagnosis was severe, acute, purulent, rhinitis with intralesional protozoal microorganisms consistent with a Trichomonas spp. Nested PCR (nPCR) confirmed the diagnosis of Tritrichomonas foetus. Systemic therapy with doxycycline for M felis and metronidazole for T foetus was started with remission of clinical signs within 2 weeks; however, symptoms relapsed shortly after therapy was discontinued...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
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