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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230234/nasal-infestation-by-linguatula-serrata-in-a-dog-in-the-uk-a-case-report
#1
E Villedieu, R F Sanchez, R E Jepson, G Ter Haar
A two-year-old, female neutered, cross-breed dog imported from Romania was diagnosed with nasal infestation of Linguatula serrata after she sneezed out an adult female. The dog was presented with mucopurulent/sanguinous nasal discharge, marked left-sided exophthalmia, conjunctival hyperaemia and chemosis. Computed tomography and left frontal sinusotomy revealed no further evidence of adult parasites. In addition, there was no evidence of egg shedding in the nasal secretions or faeces. Clinical signs resolved within 48 hours of sinusotomy, and with systemic broad-spectrum antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229071/bilateral-vertebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-causing-cervical-spinal-cord-compression-in-a-dog
#2
Kathryn E Rhue, Amanda R Taylor, Robert C Cole, Randolph L Winter
A 10-year-old male neutered mixed breed dog was evaluated for cervical hyperesthesia and tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and cervical spinal cord identified an extradural compressive lesion over the body of C2 caused by marked dilation of the vertebral venous sinuses. Following intravenous contrast administration both vertebral sinuses had heterogeneous contrast enhancement consistent with incomplete thrombi formation. An abdominal ultrasound also showed a distal aortic thrombus. A definitive cause for the thrombi formation was not identified, but the patient had several predisposing factors which may have contributed...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222103/owner-perceived-differences-between-mixed-breed-and-purebred-dogs
#3
Borbála Turcsán, Ádám Miklósi, Enikő Kubinyi
Studies about the behaviours of mixed-breed dogs are rare, although mixed-breeds represent the majority of the world's dog population. We have conducted two surveys to investigate the behavioural, demographic, and dog keeping differences between purebred and mixed-breed companion dogs. Questionnaire data were collected on a large sample of dogs living in Germany (N = 7,700 purebred dogs representing more than 200 breeds, and N = 7,691 mixed-breeds). We found that according to their owners, mixed-breeds were (1) less calm, (2) less sociable toward other dogs, and (3) showed more problematic behaviour than purebreds (p < 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219956/mineral-status-in-canine-medial-coronoid-process-disease-a-cohort-study-using-analysis-of-hair-by-mass-spectrometry
#4
M Davies, J West, C Williams, D S Gardner
In several species, developmental skeletal diseases involving abnormal endochondral ossification have been associated with imbalanced mineral intake. Hair analysis reflects long-term mineral status. To determine the mineral content of hair from dogs with or without medial coronoid process disease (MCPD). Dogs with MCPD have a different profile of minerals known to influence metalloenzymes involved in endochondral ossification. After cleansing, chelation and acid digestion of hair samples (n=79 in total: control dogs, n=70 v MCPD, n=9), mineral profile (7 major and 25 trace elements) was determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry...
February 20, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216682/use-of-canine-sourced-platelet-rich-plasma-in-a-feline-contaminated-cutaneous-wound
#5
Francesco Gemignani, Anna Perazzi, Ilaria Iacopetti
A 4-year-old neutered female domestic shorthaired cat was treated with canine sourced platelet-rich plasma at the Veterinary Hospital at University of Padua for a large skin defect on the left lateral neck region. The wound healed completely within 20 days and no adverse reaction was observed during the healing process.
February 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205462/atypical-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-a-german-shepherd-dog
#6
Christina L Marino, Jimmy N S N Tran, Tracy Stokol
A 4-y-old neutered male German Shepherd Dog was presented with a 3-d duration of lethargy, restlessness, and vomiting. Physical examination revealed generalized lymphadenopathy, pale mucous membranes, systolic heart murmur, dehydration, and fever. Hematologic abnormalities included moderate-to-marked leukocytosis, characterized by neutrophilia with a left shift to progranulocytes and 2% presumptive myeloid blasts, marked anemia that was nonregenerative, and marked thrombocytopenia. Dysplasia was evident in neutrophils and platelets...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202088/what-influences-the-home-range-size-of-free-roaming-domestic-dogs
#7
S Dürr, N K Dhand, C Bombara, S Molloy, M P Ward
In many regions of the world domestic dogs are free roaming and live in close relationship with humans. These free-roaming domestic dogs (FRDD) can cause public health problems such as dog bites and transmission of infectious diseases. To effectively control diseases transmitted by FRDD, knowledge on the dogs' behaviour is required. To identify predictors of home range (HR) size, we collected global positioning system data from 135 FRDD living in eight Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Northern Australia...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186653/progression-of-cutaneous-plasmacytoma-to-plasma-cell-leukemia-in-a-dog
#8
Emily D Rout, Alba Maria M Shank, Angharad H K Waite, Andrea Siegel, Anne C Avery, Paul R Avery
A 5-year-old male neutered Bernese Mountain Dog was presented for cutaneous plasmacytoma, which was treated by surgical excision. Four months later, the dog developed multiple skin masses, hyphema, pericardial and mild bicavitary effusions, myocardial masses, and marked plasmacytosis in the peripheral blood. Circulating plasma cells expressed CD34 and MHC class II by flow cytometry. Immunocytochemistry demonstrated that these cells were strongly positive for multiple myeloma oncogene 1/interferon regulatory factor 4 (MUM-1) and weakly to moderately positive for Pax5...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176530/effects-of-castration-on-penile-extracellular-matrix-morphology-in-domestic-cats
#9
Nathalia Cs Borges, Marco A Pereira-Sampaio, Vivian Alves Pereira, Marcelo Abidu-Figueiredo, Maurício Alves Chagas
Objectives This study was undertaken to verify the possible modifications caused by hormonal deprivation in the extracellular matrix in the penises of neutered cats. Methods Twenty-seven penises from domestic shorthair cats were collected: 14 samples from intact cats and 13 from neutered cats. Sections were stained with Weigert's resorcin-fuchsin, hematoxylin and eosin, and picrosirius red. Histomorphometric analysis was performed using light microscopy and image analysis software. The following parameters were analyzed: density of the elastic fibers and collagen fibers in the corpus spongiosum; density of the elastic fibers in the tunica albuginea of the corpus cavernosum and the tunica albuginea of the corpus spongiosum; luminal area of the urethra; area of the corpus spongiosum; area of the corpus cavernosum; and thickness of the urethral epithelium...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169564/demographics-lifestyle-and-veterinary-care-of-cats-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#10
Laura Johnston, Julia Szczepanski, Phillip McDonagh
Objectives The aim of this survey was to provide up-to-date information on the demographics, lifestyle and veterinary care of cats in Australia and New Zealand. Methods An online survey consisting of 19 questions was created using SurveyMonkey. Cat owners were invited to participate through advertisements in veterinary clinics and social media. Results The average number of cats in a household was two. The majority of cats lived in free-standing houses (78%) in the suburbs (66%). The majority of cats were desexed (94% [49% female neutered; 45% male neutered])...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156189/feline-glioma-a-retrospective-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Daniel R Rissi, Andrew D Miller
Case series summary This study aimed to evaluate the pathologic and diagnostic features of 13 cases of feline glioma diagnosed at two veterinary diagnostic institutions over 16 years. A retrospective search was conducted using the laboratory information system. Selected cases were reviewed, tumors were classified according to the 2007 World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous System, and tissue sections were submitted to an immunohistochemistry panel for further characterization...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138297/hydroides-gunnerus-1768-annelida-serpulidae-is-feminine-a-nomenclatural-checklist-of-updated-names
#12
Geoffrey B Read, Harry A Ten Hove, Yanan Sun, Elena K Kupriyanova
As a service to taxonomists and ecologists using names in the well-known and species-rich ship-fouling serpulid genus Hydroides we present an update of all 107 non-synonymised scientific names, with additional information on Hydroides nomenclature, original names, etymologies, and type localities derived from original literature, and in accord with the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) database. An update is needed because the gender of genus Hydroides has from 1 January 2000 reverted to the original feminine, due to a change in the wording of International Code of Zoological Nomenclature which was overlooked at that time, and is contrary to the usage in practice of Hydroides as masculine which had started about 1992, although Code-required from the 1960s...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132441/markers-of-oxidative-stress-in-dogs-with-myxomatous-mitral-valve-disease-are-influenced-by-sex-neuter-status-and-serum-cholesterol-concentration
#13
M J Reimann, J Häggström, J E Møller, J Lykkesfeldt, T Falk, L H Olsen
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease has been associated with oxidative stress, which has been suggested to contribute to myocardial remodeling in human patients. Little is known about the relationship between myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) and oxidative stress in dogs. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinical stage of MMVD is associated with changes in the plasma concentrations of certain markers of oxidative stress in clinically healthy dogs and dogs with MMVD...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130398/mandatory-desexing-of-dogs-one-step-in-the-right-direction-to-reduce-the-risk-of-dog-bite-a-systematic-review
#14
Katina D'Onise, Susan Hazel, Charles Caraguel
INTRODUCTION: Preventing dog bites is an intractable problem given the complex dog bite injury environment. Desexing of dogs has the opportunity of creating a safer injury environment, given the potential links between desexing and behaviour change in dogs. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to examine the evidence for desexing of dogs to reduce dog bite risk within a population health paradigm. Medline and CAB Abstracts were searched for studies that reported data on the association of dog neuter status with the risk of dog bite...
January 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117943/management-of-a-facial-partial-thickness-chemical-burn-in-a-dog-caused-by-bleach
#15
Lukas T Kawalilak, Boel A Fransson, Terri L Alessio
OBJECTIVE: To describe the management and successful outcome of a late-recognition partial thickness bleach burn to the face and corneas of a dog. CASE SUMMARY: A 1-year-old male neutered Fox Terrier mix breed dog was evaluated for sloughing facial epithelium 5 days after coming into contact with an 8.25% household bleach cleaning solution. Severe erythema, edema, and crusting were noted around the muzzle and margins of both eyes, with moderate to severe alopecia in these areas...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107882/a-real-time-reporting-system-of-causes-of-death-or-reasons-for-euthanasia-a-model-for-monitoring-mortality-in-domesticated-cats-in-taiwan
#16
Wei-Hsiang Huang, Albert Taiching Liao, Pei-Yi Chu, I-Feng Yen, Chen-Hsuan Liu
A novel, real-time mortality recording system was designed to collect mortality data in companion animals from veterinary hospitals in Taiwan. This retrospective study aims to introduce the system, and to utilize the data collected for further investigation of the lifespan and mortality of the domesticated cat population stratified by demographic variables. Our data revealed that 1325 domesticated cats were acquired between 2012 and 2014. The median age of the study population was 8.0 years (IQR 3.0-13.0; range 0...
February 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107876/a-survey-exploring-factors-associated-with-2890-companion-rabbit-owners-knowledge-of-rabbit-care-and-the-neuter-status-of-their-companion-rabbit
#17
Tasha Welch, Jason B Coe, Lee Niel, Emily McCobb
Pet owners' knowledge of pet care has been shown to affect the human-animal relationship and the welfare of companion animals. With rabbits being the third most common companion animal in many regions, and evidence of owners' lack of awareness for the standards of care required to care for companion rabbits, it is important to understand the knowledge level of rabbit owners and determine how companion rabbits are being cared for. The purpose of this study was to survey rabbit owners in order to explore factors associated with their knowledge of rabbit care, and the neuter status of their companion rabbit...
February 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093103/urinary-3-hydroxypropyl-mercapturic-acid-3-hpma-concentrations-in-dogs-with-acute-spinal-cord-injury-due-to-intervertebral-disc-herniation
#18
A M Sangster, L Zheng, R T Bentley, R Shi, R A Packer
The aim of this study was to investigate urinary 3-hydroxypropyl mercapturic acid (3-HPMA), a metabolite of acrolein, as a novel biomarker in acute spinal cord injury (ASCI) due to intervertebral disc herniation in dogs. Urine from 10 client-owned dogs with ASCI collected at presentation and 10 control dogs was analyzed for 3-HPMA. The median urinary 3-HPMA concentration in ASCI dogs was significantly higher than in control dogs, but was not correlated with the severity of ASCI. The median urinary 3-HPMA concentration in intact dogs was higher than in neutered dogs...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090682/pituitary-macrotumor-causing-narcolepsy-cataplexy-in-a-dachshund
#19
S Schmid, A Hodshon, S Olin, I Pfeiffer, S Hecht
Familial narcolepsy secondary to breed-specific mutations in the hypocretin receptor 2 gene and sporadic narcolepsy associated with hypocretin ligand deficiencies occur in dogs. In this report, a pituitary mass is described as a unique cause of narcolepsy-cataplexy in a dog. A 6-year-old male neutered Dachshund had presented for acute onset of feeding-induced cataplexy and was found to have a pituitary macrotumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Cerebral spinal fluid hypocretin-1 levels were normal, indicating that tumor effect on the ventral lateral nucleus of the hypothalamus was not the cause of the dog's narcolepsy-cataplexy...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086932/spontaneous-ischaemic-stroke-lesions-in-a-dog-brain-neuropathological-characterisation-and-comparison-to-human-ischaemic-stroke
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Barbara Blicher Thomsen, Hanne Gredal, Martin Wirenfeldt, Bjarne Winther Kristensen, Bettina Hjelm Clausen, Anders Elm Larsen, Bente Finsen, Mette Berendt, Kate Lykke Lambertsen
BACKGROUND: Dogs develop spontaneous ischaemic stroke with a clinical picture closely resembling human ischaemic stroke patients. Animal stroke models have been developed, but it has proved difficult to translate results obtained from such models into successful therapeutic strategies in human stroke patients. In order to face this apparent translational gap within stroke research, dogs with ischaemic stroke constitute an opportunity to study the neuropathology of ischaemic stroke in an animal species...
January 13, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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