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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346056/esophageal-leiomyoma-in-a-dog-causing-esophageal-distension-and-treated-by-transcardial-placement-of-a-self-expanding-covered-nitinol-esophageal-stent
#1
Elisabeth M Robin, Pascaline B Pey, Pauline de Fornel-Thibaud, Pierre H M Moissonnier, Valérie Freiche
CASE DESCRIPTION A 10-year-old spayed female Rottweiler was referred for evaluation because of a 2-month history of regurgitation and weight loss, despite no apparent change in appetite. The dog had received antiemetic and antacid treatment, without improvement. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed a low body condition score (2/5), but other findings were unremarkable. Diffuse, global esophageal dilatation was noted on plain thoracic radiographs, and normal motility was confirmed through videofluoroscopic evaluation of swallowing...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346049/microphthalmia-corneal-dermoids-and-congenital-anomalies-resembling-goldenhar-syndrome-in-a-cat
#2
William Berkowski, Ingeborg Langohr, Anthony Pease, Joshua Bartoe
CASE DESCRIPTION An 18-month-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of conjunctivitis and skin-fold dermatitis secondary to bilateral microphthalmia, corneal dermoids, and ankyloblepharon. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed bilateral microphthalmia, bilaterally symmetrical corneal dermoids, ankyloblepharon, superior and inferior entropion, prognathism, and facial asymmetry with deviation of the nasal septum. Computed tomography revealed malformed, thickened bony orbits with mineralization of the orbital ligament bilaterally...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318026/broncholithiasis-associated-with-lower-airway-inflammation-and-subsequent-pyothorax-in-a-cat
#3
Ferran Valls Sanchez, Jennifer Stewart, Catherine Bovens, Jordi Puig
Case summary: A 12-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat presented with history of a long-term chronic cough that had worsened during the previous 2 months. Thoracic radiographs revealed numerous mineral opacities throughout the lung fields. Multiple bronchial plugs of pale yellow material were present on bronchoscopy, consistent with broncholithiasis. Bronchoalveolar lavage cytology revealed a mild neutrophilic inflammation and bacterial culture was negative. The cat was diagnosed with chronic inflammatory lower airway disease and broncholithiasis, suspected to be due to mineralisation of secretions in the bronchial lumen...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318025/feline-dry-eye-syndrome-of-presumed-neurogenic-origin-a-case-report
#4
Lionel Sebbag, Patricia A Pesavento, Sebastian E Carrasco, Christopher M Reilly, David J Maggs
Case summary: A 14-year-old female spayed Abyssinian cat, which about 1 year previously underwent thoracic limb amputation, radiotherapy and chemotherapy for an incompletely excised vaccine-related fibrosarcoma, was presented for evaluation of corneal opacity in the left eye (OS). The ocular surface of both eyes (OU) had a lackluster appearance and there was a stromal corneal ulcer OS. Results of corneal aesthesiometry, Schirmer tear test-1 (STT-1) and tear film breakup time revealed corneal hypoesthesia, and quantitative and qualitative tear film deficiency OU...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302107/acute-sternal-subluxation-in-an-indoor-cat
#5
Louise Lam
A 1-year-old spayed female cat was presented with tachypnea and a protrusion on the ventral thorax. Radiography revealed ventral sternal subluxation between the 6th and 7th sternebrae. There was no evidence of respiratory distress, even after follow-up, and a conservative management approach was successful in this healthy, young, indoor cat.
January 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302099/acute-surgical-intervention-for-a-depressed-skull-fracture-causing-a-laceration-to-the-brain-parenchyma-from-a-bite-wound-in-a-dog
#6
Natasha Hodgson, Andrea Walters, Corinne Lawson, Devon Hague, Stephen Joslyn, Maureen McMichael
A 5-month-old spayed female mixed breed dog was attacked by another dog causing multiple fractures of the left calvarium with a fragment penetrating through the gray matter of the parietal lobe. Surgery was performed to remove the bone fragment. A 6-month follow-up showed dramatic improvement in neurologic status.
January 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205622/radiographic-features-of-congenital-segmental-dilation-of-the-intestine-in-a-german-shepherd-dog
#7
Laura Johnson, Kristina Simone, John Cullen, Ashley Talley, Eli B Cohen
A 10-week-old spayed female German Shepherd Dog was presented for acute vomiting and diarrhea. There was no reported foreign body or toxin ingestion. Radiographs showed a severely (∼11 × 7 cm), focally distended right abdominal intestinal segment containing gas and soft tissue material. Other small intestinal segments were segmentally gas distended. Celiotomy identified a ∼9 cm focally dilated segment at the jejunoileal junction with no aborad luminal obstruction. Resection and anastomosis of the dilation was performed...
December 4, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204289/successful-treatment-of-tracheal-lymphoma-in-a-siamese-cat
#8
Laura Bataller, Alice Tamborini, Henry L'Eplattenier, Slavka Necova, Elise Robertson
Case summary: An 8-year-old female spayed Siamese indoor cat presented with a 3 week history of inspiratory dyspnoea, stridor and open-mouth breathing after exercise. Laryngoscopy, tracheoscopy, bronchoscopy and retroflexed nasopharyngoscopy were performed, and identified a multilobulated intraluminal mass within the trachea. Brush cytology was performed on the mass but was inconclusive in providing a definitive diagnosis. A CT scan of the neck failed to identify an obvious intraluminal mass and was negative to contrast uptake...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197186/bartonella-seroepidemiology-in-dogs-from-north-america-2008-2014
#9
E Lashnits, M Correa, B C Hegarty, A Birkenheuer, E B Breitschwerdt
BACKGROUND: Improved understanding of Bartonella species seroepidemiology in dogs may aid clinical decision making and enhance current understanding of naturally occurring arthropod vector transmission of this pathogen. OBJECTIVES: To identify demographic groups in which Bartonella exposure may be more likely, describe spatiotemporal variations in Bartonella seroreactivity, and examine co-exposures to other canine vector-borne diseases (CVBD). ANIMALS: A total of 15,451 serology specimens from dogs in North America were submitted to the North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine Vector Borne Disease Diagnostic Laboratory between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2014...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134099/assessment-of-owner-directed-aggressive-behavioural-tendencies-of-dogs-in-situations-of-possession-and-manipulation
#10
Anna Bálint, Gabriella Rieger, Ádám Miklósi, Péter Pongrácz
Excessive aggression is a common behaviour problem in dogs that can have various destructive effects on the affected people and the implicated dog. Aggressive behaviour directed towards the owner or other family members is one of the most frequently occurring aggressive phenotypes. Here, we examine the reliability of a short questionnaire assessing aggressive behaviours by two, contextually different behavioural tests: 'take away bone' and 'roll over'. Based on dogs' behaviour in the tests, we sorted dogs (N = 93) in two groups for each test, namely a less and a more disobedient/resistant group...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132371/survey-of-vector-borne-agents-in-feral-cats-and-first-report-of-babesia-gibsoni-in-cats-on-st-kitts-west-indies
#11
Patrick John Kelly, Liza Köster, Jing Li, Jilei Zhang, Ke Huang, Gillian Carmichael Branford, Silvia Marchi, Michel Vandenplas, Chengming Wang
BACKGROUND: As there is little data on vector-borne diseases of cats in the Caribbean region and even around the world, we tested feral cats from St Kitts by PCR to detect infections with Babesia, Ehrlichia and spotted fever group Rickettsia (SFGR) and surveyed them for antibodies to Rickettsia rickettsii and Ehrlichia canis. RESULTS: Whole blood was collected from apparently healthy feral cats during spay/ neuter campaigns on St Kitts in 2011 (N = 68) and 2014 (N = 52)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123914/persistent-pit-viper-envenomation-in-a-cat
#12
Igor Yankin, Michael Schaer, Matthew Johnson, Tessa Meland, Leonel A Londoño
Case summary: A 4-year-old female spayed, indoor/outdoor domestic mediumhair cat presented with multiple bleeding puncture wounds and hemorrhagic shock. The cat was diagnosed with suspected pit viper envenomation based on the location and appearance of the bite wounds, as well as the presence of severe coagulopathy with prolonged activated coagulation time (762 s), which responded to antivenom administration. The clinical course of the cat was unique owing to the prolonged clinical signs of envenomation that appeared as intermittent coagulopathy and hemorrhage over a 2 week period...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119572/use-of-skin-stretchers-for-single-stage-bilateral-mastectomies-in-a-dog-and-a-cat
#13
Yuta Miyazaki, Takeshi Aikawa, Taichi Shimatsu, Masaaki Nishimura, Shigeo Sadahiro
OBJECTIVE: To describe the application of skin stretchers for closure of single-stage bilateral mastectomies in a dog and a cat. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: A 12-year-old intact female Miniature Dachshund and a 13-year-old spayed female domestic short-hair cat. METHODS: Skin stretchers were applied to the site of the skin adjacent to mammary glands for 2-4 days before surgery. Cable tension was adjusted every 6-8 hours to elongate the skin and to achieve primary closure of single-stage bilateral mastectomy without tension...
November 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111586/an-unusual-case-of-feline-acute-corneal-hydrops-atypical-disease-presentation-and-possible-in%C3%A2-vivo-detection-of-descemet-s-membrane-detachment-in-the-cat-s-unaffected-eye
#14
Brittany N Schlesener, Erin M Scott, Lucien V Vallone
A 1-year-old, female spayed, domestic shorthair cat presented for blepharospasm of the right eye. Slit-lamp biomicroscopic examination showed focal corneal ulceration and presumptive keratomalacia of the right eye. Examination of the left eye was normal apart from a focal endothelial opacity. Within the first 24 h of medical management, the right eye developed marked corneal edema and globular anterior protrusion of the corneal surface consistent with feline acute corneal hydrops (FACH). Surgical management consisted of a bridge conjunctival graft, nictitating membrane flap, and temporary tarsorrhaphy...
November 7, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059018/evaluation-of-thromboelastography-in-bitches-with-pyometra
#15
Tovah I Dorsey, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Claire R Sharp, Jonathan M Babyak, Armelle M de Laforcade
We investigated the effect of pyometra on kaolin-activated thromboelastography (TEG). Eighteen client-owned dogs with pyometra and 8 healthy spayed dogs were recruited. TEG parameters and packed cell volume were determined. Results from spayed females and from intact females with pyometra were compared using a Student t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test. Bitches with pyometra were hypercoagulable compared to spayed bitches as evidenced by elevated maximum amplitude, G, and alpha angle. There were no significant group differences in R time, K time, or clot lysis at 30 or 60 min...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051828/intubation-following-high-dose-rocuronium-in-a-cat-with-protracted-laryngospasm
#16
Graeme M Doodnaught, Daniel Sj Pang
CASE SUMMARY: An 11-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat with a history of laryngospasm at induction of general anesthesia presented for dental evaluation and treatment. The cat was premedicated with hydromorphone (0.05 mg/kg) and alfaxalone (0.5 mg/kg) intravenously, pre-oxygenated for 5 mins (3 l/min, face mask) and anesthesia was induced with alfaxalone (to effect) intravenously. Lidocaine (0.1 ml, 2%) was applied topically to the arytenoid cartilages following loss of jaw tone...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051827/membrane-like-structure-in-the-urinary-bladder-neck-of-a-young-cat-diagnosis-and-treatment-using-balloon-dilatation-and-a-balloon-expandable-metallic-stent
#17
Matias Ruiz-Drebing, Fui Yap, Mayank Seth, Ruth Dennis, Elisabet Dominguez
CASE SUMMARY: A 33-month-old, spayed female domestic shorthair cat was referred to the Animal Health Trust for the investigation of urinary incontinence and straining to urinate. A membrane-like structure was detected in the bladder neck, which caused partial obstruction of the urinary bladder. A combination of different imaging techniques, including ultrasonography, radiography, CT and fluoroscopy, was essential in the diagnosis, surgical planning and treatment of this intravesicular stricture...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044898/use-of-computed-tomography-and-minimum-intensity-projection-in-the-detection-of-lobar-pneumonia-mimicking-lung-lobe-torsion-in-a-dog
#18
Sang-Kwon Lee, Kyoung-Oh Cho, Mia Madel Alfajaro, Juhwan Lee, Dohyeon Yu, Jihye Choi
A 10-year-old female spayed Dachshund was referred with progressive coughing for 1 month. The dog was tentatively diagnosed with right middle lung torsion based on pleural effusion, vesicular emphysema, abruptly ending bronchus in consolidated right middle lung, and no contrast enhancement of the affected lobe on radiography and computed tomography (CT). There was no evidence of torsion upon thoracotomy, and histological examination confirmed lobar pneumonia. The CT images were reevaluated using minimum intensity projection and revealed normal bronchial courses...
October 16, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031030/ectopic-bone-as-a-nidus-for-calcium-oxalate-urocystolithiasis-in-a-cat
#19
J P Lulich, H S Prasad, M Manno, B Bagley
A 7-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was referred to the urology service for nonsurgical urocystolith removal. A urolith was attached to the urothelium by ectopic bone. Interventional removal without surgery was successful. Follow-up evaluation 3 years after urolith removal revealed recurrent uroliths, bladder wall mineralization, and marked renal mineralization. This case illustrates the metaplastic potential of the urothelium and that ectopic bone should be included among the pathological factors that promote lithogenesis...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028571/identifying-ovarian-tissue-in-the-bitch-using-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-or-luteinizing-hormone-lh
#20
Helene Alm, Bodil S Holst
Reliable methods for determining whether or not a bitch has ovarian tissue present are needed for cases with unknown neutering status. Vaginal cytology consistent with heat is indicative of functional ovarian tissue. Other methods are required when the bitch is not presented in suspected heat. Progesterone can be analyzed during 2 months after suspected heat. During other stages, assays for the analyses of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) have been used. The AMH assay is expected to give detectable concentrations (positive) in bitches with ovarian tissue, and the LH assay should give negative results in intact bitches, except during the pre-ovulatory LH peak...
September 27, 2017: Theriogenology
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