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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898845/effect-of-sterilization-and-of-dietary-fat-and-carbohydrate-content-on-food-intake-activity-level-and-blood-satiety-related-hormones-in-female-dogs
#1
S Schauf, A Salas-Mani, C Torre, G Bosch, H Swarts, C Castrillo
Animal sterilization is suggested to promote food overconsumption, although it is unknown whether this effect is mediated by variations in satiety-related hormones, which are released in response to food intake. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of sterilization and of the main energy-delivery nutrients, fat and nonstructural carbohydrates, on food intake, blood concentration of satiety-related hormones, and activity level in dogs. In a 2-phase experiment (phase I [Ph.I], 74 d, and Ph.II, 84 d), 12 female Beagle dogs were assigned to a control group (intact in both phases) and a sterilization group (spayed 20 d before Ph...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898174/treatment-of-a-giant-pulmonary-emphysematous-cyst-with-primary-bronchoalveolar-papillary-carcinoma-in-a-shih-tzu-dog
#2
Jiyoung Park, Hae-Beom Lee, Seong Mok Jeong
OBJECTIVE: To report the surgical treatment of a pulmonary emphysematous cyst concurrent with primary pulmonary bronchoalveolar papillary carcinoma in a dog. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: 12-year-old 6.4 kg spayed female Shih Tzu dog. METHODS: The dog presented for surgical treatment of pulmonary emphysema. Radiography revealed that more than half of the left caudal lung lobe was enlarged and hyperlucent and computed tomography (CT) confirmed the presence of an emphysematous space...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874969/idiopathic-myelofibrosis-accompanied-by-peritoneal-extramedullary-hematopoiesis-presenting-as-refractory-ascites-in-a-dog
#3
Yolandi Rautenbach, Amelia Goddard, Sarah J Clift
A 2.5-year-old spayed female American Pit Bull Terrier dog presented with a primary complaint of chronic refractory ascites. The dog's CBC displayed a moderate to severe macrocytic, hypochromic, nonregenerative anemia, and a moderate leukopenia as result of a moderate neutropenia and monocytopenia. Microscopic examination of the blood smear showed marked anisocytosis, mild polychromasia, mild acanthocytosis and ovalocytosis, moderate schistocytosis and poikilocytosis, and 4 metarubricytes/100 WBC. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a homogenous, mild to moderately hyperechoic appearing liver as well as marked amounts of speckled anechoic to slightly hypoechoic peritoneal fluid...
November 22, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822240/immunohistochemical-characterization-of-sebaceous-epithelioma-in-two-dogs
#4
J S Yoon, J Park
This report describes two cases of sebaceous epithelioma and its immunohistochemical characterization with CK 14, CK18, p63, Ki67 and Bcl-2 immunostaining. Case 1 was a 12-year-old, intact English Cocker spaniel female presenting with multiple skin nodules over one year. Case 2 was a 7-year-old, spayed poodle female with a five-month history of solitary mass. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining showed that the nodules in both cases were irregular lobules comprised of epithelial cells around well-differentiated sebocytes...
2016: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811046/hands-on-experience-of-neutering
#5
Kitty Ennett
Kitty Ennett is a final-year student at Nottingham. Last autumn - in search of some EMS in better weather than the UK could offer - she volunteered with Spay Panama and gained experience of neutering cats and dogs.
November 5, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807901/canine-pyometra-what-is-new
#6
R Hagman
Pyometra is a common disease in countries where elective spaying is not routinely performed. Hormonal and bacterial factors are fundamental in the pathogenesis of the disease, which manifests itself as a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection of the uterus. Surgical ovariohysterectomy is the safest and most effective treatment for pyometra, and it has recently been shown that laparoscopically assisted methods for surgical treatment are feasible to use in selected cases. New protocols for improved medical treatment alternatives have also been tested with promising results...
November 3, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807381/attempted-ultrasound-guided-ethanol-ablation-of-a-suspected-pancreatic-pseudocyst-in-a-dog
#7
Ryan A Sadler, Erica L Fields, Jacqueline C Whittemore
A 9-year-old, spayed female toy poodle dog developed refractory anorexia after pancreatitis. Abdominal imaging showed a cystic structure compressing the stomach. Appetite improved after percutaneous drainage of the structure, but the structure refilled within 48 h. Percutaneous ethanol ablation of the structure was attempted. Afterwards, the patient developed fatal hypotensive shock.
November 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779423/changing-attitudes-and-animal-welfare-in-small-island-developing-states-dogs-on-new-providence-the-bahamas
#8
William J Fielding
This article compares results from a study in 2014 with a similar study from 1998 (Fielding, 1999 ) to examine changes in the care of dogs in New Providence, The Bahamas. The results from a survey of 379 residents indicated a general lack of improvement in matters associated with the care of dogs during the past 16 years. For example, in 1998, it was estimated that 35% of caregivers had at least 1 dog sterilized, and in 2014, the corresponding figure was 37%. In 1998, 14% of households with dogs allowed their dogs to roam compared with 41...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766967/an-individual-approach-to-feline-diabetes-care-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Moira S Lewitt, Emma Strage, David Church
BACKGROUND: Achieving insulin independence is emerging as a realistic therapeutic goal in the management of feline diabetes mellitus. CASE PRESENTATION: The management of an 11-year-old spayed female Burmese cat presenting with diabetes mellitus after corticosteroid administration is described. Remission was achieved after the frequency of insulin administration was increased to four times a day, and supported by intensive home blood glucose monitoring and a high protein, low carbohydrate diet...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746404/primary-intrapelvic-hemangiosarcoma-in-a-dog
#10
Saejong Yoo, Jiyong Kim, Hyun-Wook Myung, Suhan Woo, Dai-Jung Chung, A-Jin Lee, Han-Jun Kim, Sun-Hee DO, Hwi-Yool Kim
A 12-year-old, spayed female Schnauzer presented with constipation. A mass was observed in the pelvic cavity, and metastasis was not identified. Mass resection was performed through celiotomy with pubic osteotomy, and hemangiosarcoma was diagnosed. At 10 weeks post-operatively, the patient died of multiple metastasis. Primary intrapelvic hemangiosarcoma is rare in dogs.
October 15, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711967/augmented-repair-of-an-achilles-tendon-rupture-using-the-flexor-digitorum-lateralis-tendon-in-a-toy-poodle
#11
Masaaki Katayama
OBJECTIVE: To report appositional augmentation of Achilles tendon rupture in a toy breed dog with an intact flexor digitorum lateralis (FDL) muscle tendon. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: Two-year-old spayed female Toy Poodle with Achilles tendon rupture. METHODS: The Achilles tendon was accidentally ruptured by hair clippers during grooming. The dog demonstrated a plantigrade stance without digital flexion of the right hind limb...
October 6, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700263/multiple-gastric-erosions-diagnosed-by-means-of-capsule-endoscopy-in-a-dog
#12
Brian T Hardy, Jessica Gentile-Solomon, Jeffrey A Solomon
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6-year-old spayed female Golden Retriever was evaluated for a 2-week history of progressive hyporexia, signs of abdominal pain, and weight loss. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination findings included mild signs of pain on palpation of the cranial part of the abdomen and a body condition score of 4 (scale, 1 to 9). A CBC revealed mild microcytosis and hypochromasia; results of serum biochemical analysis were within the respective reference ranges, and abdominal ultrasonography revealed no abnormalities...
October 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699974/imaging-diagnosis-ultrasonographic-appearance-of-skeletal-muscle-metastases-in-a-dog-with-hemangiosarcoma
#13
Martina Fabbi, Stefano Di Palma, Sabrina Manfredi, Giacomo Gnudi, Francesca Miduri, Eleonora Daga, Gabriele Costantino Melis, Ezio Bianchi, Simone Voccia, Antonella Volta
A 13-year-old spayed female German shepherd dog was presented for acute onset of lethargy, anorexia, and disseminated erythematous skin lesions. Thoracic radiographs and abdominal ultrasonographic findings were consistent with metastatic hemangiosarcoma. Multiple, ill-defined, irregularly shaped hypoechoic nodules were also detected within the thoracic and abdominal wall. Hemangiosarcoma metastases to the skeletal muscle were confirmed based on histopathological examination. Multivisceral involvement was also confirmed by necropsy...
October 4, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665538/alternative-methods-for-the-measurement-of-the-minimal-ductal-diameter-of-a-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-a-dog
#14
R A Sanders, N B Olivier
A two and half-year-old, 24 kg, spayed female German Shepherd was presented for evaluation of a suspected patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Transthoracic echocardiographic examination confirmed a left to right shunting PDA. Closure of the PDA was recommended, and the owners elected to have minimally invasive transcatheter closure of the PDA performed. Standard ductal angiography failed to provide adequate measurements of the minimal ductal diameter (MDD). Alternative methods of measuring the MDD using an angiography catheter and a balloon catheter were performed...
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578200/evaluation-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-total-thyroxine-feline-pancreas-specific-lipase-and-urinary-corticoid-to-creatinine-ratio-in-cats-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-switzerland-and-the-netherlands
#15
Sandra Schaefer, Hans S Kooistra, Barbara Riond, Jan S Suchodolski, Jörg M Steiner, Marrit Prins, Eric Zini, Claudia E Reusch
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), feline pancreas-specific lipase (fPLI) and total thyroxine (TT4) concentrations and urinary corticoid-to-creatinine ratio (UCCR) as indicators for the prevalence of acromegaly, pancreatitis, hyperthyroidism and hypercortisolism in cats with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Blood and urine samples were collected from diabetic cats treated in primary care clinics in Switzerland and the Netherlands...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572923/dosing-obese-cats-based-on-body-weight-spuriously-affects-some-measures-of-glucose-tolerance
#16
M K Reeve-Johnson, J S Rand, S T Anderson, D J Appleton, J M Morton, D Vankan
The primary objective was to investigate whether dosing glucose by body weight results in spurious effects on measures of glucose tolerance in obese cats because volume of distribution does not increase linearly with body weight. Healthy research cats (n = 16; 6 castrated males, 10 spayed females) were used. A retrospective study was performed using glucose concentration data from glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity tests before and after cats were fed ad libitum for 9 to 12 mo to promote weight gain...
October 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564688/metastatic-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-aortic-body-origin-in-a-cat
#17
Sonya C Hansen, Annette N Smith, Kendon W Kuo, Eric J Fish, Jey W Koehler, Gisela Martinez-Romero, Lenore M Bacek
An 8-year-old, female spayed Domestic Shorthair cat was presented to the Auburn University Emergency and Critical Care service for evaluation of pleural effusion and a suspected intrathoracic mass. Computed tomography was performed which confirmed the presence of a large intrathoracic mass, likely heart-based. Fine-needle aspirates were obtained and a cytologic diagnosis of a neuroendocrine tumor was made. Treatment with toceranib phosphate was briefly attempted at home by the owners. The cat died at home approximately 6 weeks after diagnosis...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556262/characteristics-of-cats-sterilized-through-a-subsidized-reduced-cost-spay-neuter-program-in-massachusetts-and-of-owners-who-had-cats-sterilized-through-this-program
#18
Valerie A Benka, Emily McCobb
OBJECTIVE To determine characteristics of cats sterilized through a subsidized, reduced-cost spay-neuter program in Massachusetts and of owners who had their cats sterilized through this program. DESIGN Cross-sectional anonymous survey and telephone interviews. SAMPLE 1,188 (anonymous surveys) and 99 (telephone interviews) cat owners. PROCEDURES Owners who had a cat sterilized at clinics held between January 2006 and December 2008 were invited to complete anonymous surveys. Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with owners who had a cat sterilized during clinics held in 2009...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543039/a-field-survey-on-parasites-and-antibodies-against-selected-pathogens-in-owned-dogs-in-lilongwe-malawi
#19
Karin Alvåsen, Sandra M Johansson, Johan Höglund, Richard Ssuna, Ulf Emanuelson
The aim of this study was to screen for selected parasites and antibody levels against vectorborne pathogens in owned dogs in Lilongwe, Malawi. The study population consisted of 100 dogs; 80 participating in vaccination-spaying campaigns and 20 visiting a veterinary clinic as paying clients. All dogs went through a general physical examination including visual examination for signs of ectoparasites. A total of 100 blood samples were analysed using commercial snap tests and 40 faecal samples by egg flotation in saturated sodium chloride...
2016: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493290/non-invasive-magnetic-resonance-imaging-diagnosis-of-presumed-intermedioradial-carpal-bone-avascular-necrosis-in-the-dog
#20
Sarah L Pownder, Stacy Cooley, Kei Hayashi, Abraham Bezuidenhout, Matthew F Koff, Hollis G Potter
A 5-year-old, spayed female Weimaraner dog was evaluated for progressive left forelimb lameness localized to the carpus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to arrive at a presumptive diagnosis of intermedioradial carpal (IRC) bone fracture with avascular necrosis (AVN). To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of naturally occurring AVN of the canine IRC diagnosed using MRI.
August 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
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