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Moira S Lewitt, Emma Strage, David Church
BACKGROUND: Achieving insulin independence is emerging as a realistic therapeutic goal in the management of feline diabetes mellitus. CASE PRESENTATION: The management of an 11-year-old spayed female Burmese cat presenting with diabetes mellitus after corticosteroid administration is described. Remission was achieved after the frequency of insulin administration was increased to four times a day, and supported by intensive home blood glucose monitoring and a high protein, low carbohydrate diet...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Saejong Yoo, Jiyong Kim, Hyun-Wook Myung, Suhan Woo, Dai-Jung Chung, A-Jin Lee, Han-Jun Kim, Sun-Hee DO, Hwi-Yool Kim
A 12-year-old, spayed female Schnauzer presented with constipation. A mass was observed in the pelvic cavity, and metastasis was not identified. Mass resection was performed through celiotomy with pubic osteotomy, and hemangiosarcoma was diagnosed. At 10 weeks post-operatively, the patient died of multiple metastasis. Primary intrapelvic hemangiosarcoma is rare in dogs.
October 15, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Masaaki Katayama
OBJECTIVE: To report appositional augmentation of Achilles tendon rupture in a toy breed dog with an intact flexor digitorum lateralis (FDL) muscle tendon. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: Two-year-old spayed female Toy Poodle with Achilles tendon rupture. METHODS: The Achilles tendon was accidentally ruptured by hair clippers during grooming. The dog demonstrated a plantigrade stance without digital flexion of the right hind limb...
October 6, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Brian T Hardy, Jessica Gentile-Solomon, Jeffrey A Solomon
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6-year-old spayed female Golden Retriever was evaluated for a 2-week history of progressive hyporexia, signs of abdominal pain, and weight loss. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination findings included mild signs of pain on palpation of the cranial part of the abdomen and a body condition score of 4 (scale, 1 to 9). A CBC revealed mild microcytosis and hypochromasia; results of serum biochemical analysis were within the respective reference ranges, and abdominal ultrasonography revealed no abnormalities...
October 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Martina Fabbi, Stefano Di Palma, Sabrina Manfredi, Giacomo Gnudi, Francesca Miduri, Eleonora Daga, Gabriele Costantino Melis, Ezio Bianchi, Simone Voccia, Antonella Volta
A 13-year-old spayed female German shepherd dog was presented for acute onset of lethargy, anorexia, and disseminated erythematous skin lesions. Thoracic radiographs and abdominal ultrasonographic findings were consistent with metastatic hemangiosarcoma. Multiple, ill-defined, irregularly shaped hypoechoic nodules were also detected within the thoracic and abdominal wall. Hemangiosarcoma metastases to the skeletal muscle were confirmed based on histopathological examination. Multivisceral involvement was also confirmed by necropsy...
October 4, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
R A Sanders, N B Olivier
A two and half-year-old, 24 kg, spayed female German Shepherd was presented for evaluation of a suspected patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Transthoracic echocardiographic examination confirmed a left to right shunting PDA. Closure of the PDA was recommended, and the owners elected to have minimally invasive transcatheter closure of the PDA performed. Standard ductal angiography failed to provide adequate measurements of the minimal ductal diameter (MDD). Alternative methods of measuring the MDD using an angiography catheter and a balloon catheter were performed...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Sandra Schaefer, Hans S Kooistra, Barbara Riond, Jan S Suchodolski, Jörg M Steiner, Marrit Prins, Eric Zini, Claudia E Reusch
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), feline pancreas-specific lipase (fPLI) and total thyroxine (TT4) concentrations and urinary corticoid-to-creatinine ratio (UCCR) as indicators for the prevalence of acromegaly, pancreatitis, hyperthyroidism and hypercortisolism in cats with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Blood and urine samples were collected from diabetic cats treated in primary care clinics in Switzerland and the Netherlands...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
M K Reeve-Johnson, J S Rand, S T Anderson, D J Appleton, J M Morton, D Vankan
The primary objective was to investigate whether dosing glucose by body weight results in spurious effects on measures of glucose tolerance in obese cats because volume of distribution does not increase linearly with body weight. Healthy research cats (n = 16; 6 castrated males, 10 spayed females) were used. A retrospective study was performed using glucose concentration data from glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity tests before and after cats were fed ad libitum for 9 to 12 mo to promote weight gain...
October 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Sonya C Hansen, Annette N Smith, Kendon W Kuo, Eric J Fish, Jey W Koehler, Gisela Martinez-Romero, Lenore M Bacek
An 8-year-old, female spayed Domestic Shorthair cat was presented to the Auburn University Emergency and Critical Care service for evaluation of pleural effusion and a suspected intrathoracic mass. Computed tomography was performed which confirmed the presence of a large intrathoracic mass, likely heart-based. Fine-needle aspirates were obtained and a cytologic diagnosis of a neuroendocrine tumor was made. Treatment with toceranib phosphate was briefly attempted at home by the owners. The cat died at home approximately 6 weeks after diagnosis...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Valerie A Benka, Emily McCobb
OBJECTIVE To determine characteristics of cats sterilized through a subsidized, reduced-cost spay-neuter program in Massachusetts and of owners who had their cats sterilized through this program. DESIGN Cross-sectional anonymous survey and telephone interviews. SAMPLE 1,188 (anonymous surveys) and 99 (telephone interviews) cat owners. PROCEDURES Owners who had a cat sterilized at clinics held between January 2006 and December 2008 were invited to complete anonymous surveys. Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with owners who had a cat sterilized during clinics held in 2009...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Karin Alvåsen, Sandra M Johansson, Johan Höglund, Richard Ssuna, Ulf Emanuelson
The aim of this study was to screen for selected parasites and antibody levels against vectorborne pathogens in owned dogs in Lilongwe, Malawi. The study population consisted of 100 dogs; 80 participating in vaccination-spaying campaigns and 20 visiting a veterinary clinic as paying clients. All dogs went through a general physical examination including visual examination for signs of ectoparasites. A total of 100 blood samples were analysed using commercial snap tests and 40 faecal samples by egg flotation in saturated sodium chloride...
2016: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
Sarah L Pownder, Stacy Cooley, Kei Hayashi, Abraham Bezuidenhout, Matthew F Koff, Hollis G Potter
A 5-year-old, spayed female Weimaraner dog was evaluated for progressive left forelimb lameness localized to the carpus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to arrive at a presumptive diagnosis of intermedioradial carpal (IRC) bone fracture with avascular necrosis (AVN). To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of naturally occurring AVN of the canine IRC diagnosed using MRI.
August 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
A Zani, E Becchetti, T Chimenti, V Daddi, M Zani, C Miotti, C Bussadori
A 2-year-old recently spayed female Rottweiler was referred as an emergency with cardiac tamponade and the presence of an anomalous retrograde flow in the pulmonary artery. Echocardiography and angiography demonstrated a left-to-right aortopulmonary fistula. Clinical history and data indicated a possible infectious aetiology. Antibiotics and heart failure medications were administered for 30 days before intervention. Initial attempt at insertion of an Amplatz occluder by means of a percutaneous catheterization technique was tried but a safe release of the device was judged to be not possible due to the angle and the fragile and irregular margins of the window...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Shelly Shamir, Philipp D Mayhew, Allison Zwingenberger, Lynelle R Johnson
CASE DESCRIPTION A 17-month-old sexually intact male Vizsla and a 2-year-old spayed female mixed-breed dog were examined because of suspected intrathoracic grass awn migration. CLINICAL FINDINGS Thoracic CT revealed focal areas of pulmonary infiltration in the right caudal lung lobe in one dog and in the left caudal lung lobe in the other. In 1 patient, bronchoscopy revealed 2 grass awns in the bronchi. Results of thoracic radiography and bronchoscopy were unremarkable in the second patient; however, a grass awn was recovered from the tonsillar crypt during oropharyngeal examination...
July 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Brenda Griffin, Philip A Bushby, Emily McCobb, Sara C White, Y Karla Rigdon-Brestle, Leslie D Appel, Kathleen V Makolinski, Christine L Wilford, Mark W Bohling, Susan M Eddlestone, Kelly A Farrell, Nancy Ferguson, Kelly Harrison, Lisa M Howe, Natalie M Isaza, Julie K Levy, Andrea Looney, Michael R Moyer, Sheilah Ann Robertson, Kathy Tyson
As community efforts to reduce the overpopulation and euthanasia of unwanted and unowned cats and dogs have increased, many veterinarians have increasingly focused their clinical efforts on the provision of spay-neuter services. Because of the wide range of geographic and demographic needs, a wide variety of spay-neuter programs have been developed to increase delivery of services to targeted populations of animals, including stationary and mobile clinics, MASH-style operations, shelter services, community cat programs, and services provided through private practitioners...
July 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Axel P N Themmen, Bhanu Kalra, Jenny A Visser, Ajay Kumar, Gopal Savjani, Jeffrey de Gier, Scott Jaques
In the veterinary practice, there is a need for a diagnostic tool to check the gonadal status in female dogs because it may be difficult to determine whether a female animal has been spayed or whether there are ovarian remnants. Although less prevalent, a similar situation pertains to male dogs. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is an important regulator of gonadal function and is a specific gonadal product that can be determined in circulation. The objective of this study was to develop and test a canine blood AMH assay as a diagnostic tool to determine the presence of functional gonadal tissue in dogs...
October 1, 2016: Theriogenology
Brittany Heggem-Perry, Maureen McMichael, Mauria O'Brien, Clara Moran
Bromethalin is a central nervous system toxin currently incorporated into several different rodenticides. In 2008, the EPA requested that manufacturers phase out second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides. In response, manufacturers began to increase production of bromethalin-based rodenticides. It is likely that pet exposure to bromethalin will increase in the future. Bromethalin has no known antidote and tends to deposit in fat. Intravenous lipid emulsions (ILEs) are being used with increasing frequency in both human and veterinary medicine to treat numerous acute systemic toxicities...
July 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Deanna Rae Worley, E Christopher Orton, Kevin Thomas Kroner
Use of normothermic venous inflow occlusion enabled removal of an intracardiac tumor in a 4 yr old, 27 kg, spayed female Airedale terrier with a history of appendicular osteosarcoma and recent exertional syncope. Inflow venous occlusion via a median sternotomy thoracotomy without hypothermia was used to access the mineralized mass within the right ventricular outflow tract. Duration of circulatory arrest was 70 s for this beating heart surgery. A circumscribed intracardiac chondrosarcoma tumor was marginally resected in this dog, successfully alleviating exertional syncope and restoring a normal echogenic appearance of the right heart...
July 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Panisara Kunkitti, Eva Axnér, Ann-Sofi Bergqvist, Ylva Sjunnesson
Epididymal sperm preservation offers a potential for rescuing genetic material from endangered or valuable animals after injury or death. Spermatozoa from corpus, as well as from cauda, have the capability to be motile and to undergo capacitation and can thus potentially be preserved for assisted reproductive technologies. In the present study, feline frozen-thawed epididymal spermatozoa from corpus and cauda regions were investigated for their ability to fertilize homologous oocytes and further embryo development in vitro...
October 1, 2016: Theriogenology
Laura K Bryan, Brad R Weeks, Harold Ross Payne, Lori A Thompson, Joanne L Mansell
BACKGROUND: Endogenous ochronosis is caused by a defect in the enzyme homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase (HGD), which results in abnormal pigment deposition in the skin and urine abnormalities. Ochronosis previously has not been described histologically or ultrastructurally in a domestic animal species. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, histopathological and ultrastructural findings in a case of aberrant pigmentation in a cat with features that resemble ochronosis...
May 26, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
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