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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782037/multiloculated-solitary-unicameral-bone-cyst-in-a-young-dog
#1
Sarah C Roode, Heather R Shive, Willemijn Hoorntje, Jennifer Bernard, Devorah M Stowe, Roy R Pool, Carol B Grindem
A 20-month-old female spayed Staffordshire Terrier (22.3 kg) presented to the Orthopedic Surgery Service at North Carolina State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation of a 6-week history of toe-touching to nonweight-bearing lameness in the right hind limb. Radiographs of the right stifle revealed a multiloculated lytic lesion of the distal femur, with a large open lytic zone centrally, numerous osseous septations peripherally, and focal areas of cortical thinning and loss. An aspirate of the right distal femoral lesion yielded mildly cloudy serosanguineous fluid...
May 21, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780608/bronchoscopic-debulking-of-a-feline-tracheobronchial-carcinoma-and-long-term-outcome
#2
Marina Dominguez Ruiz, Jessica Grant, Juan Hernandez
Case summary: This report describes a 10-year-old female spayed Russian Blue cat presented with a 5 month history of respiratory difficulty. Thoracic radiographs were suggestive of a central airway obstruction. Bronchoscopy revealed a broad-base mass in the region of the carina. Bronchoscopic debulking was performed using a urinary catheter. Histopathology confirmed the presence of a tracheobronchial carcinoma. Survival from diagnosis was 16 months (480 days), over which time the cat underwent three endoscopic debulking procedures in combination with doxorubicin chemotherapy...
January 2018: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780607/renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-cat-with-polycystic-kidney-disease-undergoing-renal-transplantation
#3
Daniel J Adams, Jolie A Demchur, Lillian R Aronson
Case summary: A 10-year-old spayed female American Shorthair cat underwent renal transplantation due to worsening chronic kidney disease secondary to polycystic kidney disease. During transplantation, the right kidney grossly appeared to be more diseased than the left and was firmly adhered to the surrounding tissues. An intraoperative fine-needle aspirate of the right native kidney revealed inflammatory cells but no evidence of neoplasia. To create space for the allograft, a right nephrectomy was performed...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776456/pancreatitis-and-systemic-coronavirus-infection-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#4
Sarah E Wills, Hugues H Beaufrère, Brigitte A Brisson, Russell S Fraser, Dale A Smith
A 1-y-old spayed female ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was referred for additional diagnostic evaluation after physicalexamination by the referring veterinarian revealed a cranial abdominal mass. The ferret had a 2-wk history of inappetence,weight loss, and lethargy. On presentation, the ferret was thin, and an approximately 3-cm mass was palpable in the cranialabdomen. No other abnormalities were noted. Abdominal ultrasonography confirmed the presence of a soft-tissue structure, with a moderate blood supply and mesenteric lymphadenopathy...
May 18, 2018: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767131/effect-of-chicken-egg-anti-f4-antibodies-on-performance-and-diarrhea-incidences-in-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-k88-challenged-piglets
#5
Kolawole Aluko, Deepak E Velayudhan, Ehsan Khafipour, Lin Fang, Martin Nyachoti
The aim was to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of spay-dried whole egg containing anti-F4 antibodies (SDWE) against recombinantly produced F4 antigens in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli K88+ (ETEC)-challenged piglets. Twenty-seven 21-d-old and individually housed piglets were randomly allotted to 3 treatments consisting of a wheat-soybean meal basal diet containing either 0 (control egg powder; CEP), 0.1% (SDWE1) or 0.4% (SDWE2) SDWE. After a 7-d adaptation period, blood samples were collected from all pigs, and pigs were weighed and orally challenged with an ETEC inoculum...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752730/limy-bile-syndrome-in-a-dog
#6
V Fabrès, C Layssol-Lamour, P Meynaud-Collard, O Dossin
A 11-year-old spayed female golden retriever was examined because of lethargy, anorexia, vomiting and abdominal pain. Plain abdominal radiography showed a uniform radiopacity of the gallbladder. Ultrasonography demonstrated hyperechoic material in the gallbladder lumen associated with an acoustic shadow and findings consistent with acute pancreatitis. Fine-needle aspiration of the bile revealed bacterial cholecystitis. Following cholecystectomy, it was apparent that the gallbladder was filled with a semi-solid, pasty-like greenish-brown material composed of 80% calcium carbonate, consistent with a diagnosis of 'limy bile'...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736917/use-of-cancellous-bone-grafting-to-promote-granulation-tissue-in-a-distal-limb-wound-in-a-dog
#7
K Barnes, O Lanz, S Barry, K Aulakh
A 5-year-old female spayed Shetland sheepdog presented for evaluation of bandage sores on the left pelvic limb after a splint was placed to stabilise a digit fracture incurred approximately 2 weeks previously. Multiple areas of necrosis were identified upon bandage removal. After debridement of devitalised tissue, a 4 cm wound on the plantar surface of the metatarsal bones (with exposed bone and tendons) remained. The Papineau technique (which involves removal of infected or necrotic tissue, placement of autogenous cancellous bone graft within a wound, and delayed skin closure) was used to treat this wound...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675956/clonidine-modulates-the-activity-of-the-subthalamic-supplementary-motor-loop-evidence-from-a-pharmacological-study-combining-dbs-and-eeg-recordings-in-parkinsonian-patients
#8
Charlotte Spay, Marion Albares, Guillaume Lio, Stephane Thobois, Emmanuel Broussolle, Brian Lau, Benedicte Ballanger, Philippe Boulinguez
Clonidine is an anti-hypertensive medication which acts as an alpha-adrenergic receptors agonist. As the noradrenergic system is likely to support cognitive functions including attention and executive control, other clinical uses of clonidine have recently gained popularity for the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders like attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder or Tourette syndrome, but the mechanism of action is still unclear. Here, we test the hypothesis that the noradrenergic system regulates the activity of subthalamo-motor cortical loops, and that this influence can be modulated by clonidine...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668768/cardiovascular-and-respiratory-effects-of-lumbosacral-epidural-bupivacaine-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-dogs-the-effects-of-two-volumes-of-0-25-solution
#9
Raquel Sartori Gonçalves Dias, João Henrique Neves Soares, Douglas Dos Santos E Castro, Maria Alice Kuster de Albuquerque Gress, Marcela Lemos Machado, Pablo E Otero, Fabio Otero Ascoli
The purpose of this study was to compare cardiovascular and respiratory effects of two volumes of bupivacaine 0.25% (0.2 mL kg-1-treatment BUP02-and 0.4 mL kg-1 -treatment BUP04) administered epidurally at the lumbosacral intervertebral space in dogs anesthetized with isoflurane. This experimental prospective randomized crossover design trial used six mixed breed adult dogs, four neutered males and two spayed females. Each dog was anesthetized on three different occasions: the first for isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) measurement, and the following two assigned treatments (BUP02 or BUP04)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661064/experience-and-confidence-of-final-year-veterinary-students-in-performing-desexing-surgeries
#10
M C Gates, T F Odom, R K Sawicki
AIMS: To describe the level of experience and confidence of veterinary students in performing canine and feline desexing procedures at the end of their final clinical year. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with veterinary students at Massey University in November 2017 after completion of their final clinical year. The questions included career plans after graduation, number of assisted and unassisted desexing procedures performed, approximate time to complete desexing surgeries, level of confidence with different aspects of desexing surgeries, what aspects of their desexing surgery training were most helpful, and what could be done to improve training in desexing surgical skills in veterinary school...
April 16, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656769/population-control-in-small-animals
#11
REVIEW
Margaret V Root Kustritz
Optimal age for ovariohysterectomy or castration has not been defined in the scientific literature. Bitches and queens are significantly less likely to develop mammary neoplasia, which has a high incidence and potentially high morbidity and mortality, if spayed when young. Tom cats exhibit undesirable behaviors that preclude them being good pets and should be castrated young. There is no compelling reason to castrate male dogs when young unless it is needed to control reproductive behaviors or prevent indiscriminate breeding...
April 12, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629646/fibroblastic-osteosarcoma-with-epithelioid-and-squamous-differentiation-in-a-dog
#12
Tiffany L Jenkins, Dalen Agnew, Daniel R Rissi
A fibroblastic osteosarcoma with epithelioid and squamous differentiation in the distal femur of a 9-y-old spayed female Greyhound dog is described. Grossly, the tumor consisted of a pale-white, firm-to-hard mass that replaced the medullary and cortical areas of the distal end of the right femur. Histologically, the mass was composed predominantly of spindle cells admixed with areas of mineralized and non-mineralized osteoid matrix that were surrounded by stellate osteoblasts and scattered multinucleate giant cells, consistent with the diagnosis of a fibroblastic osteosarcoma...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628453/multiple-acquired-portosystemic-shunts-secondary-to-primary-hypoplasia-of-the-portal-vein-in-a-cat
#13
Satoko Sugimoto, Shingo Maeda, Masaya Tsuboi, Kohei Saeki, James K Chambers, Tomohiro Yonezawa, Kenjiro Fukushima, Reina Fujiwara, Kazuyuki Uchida, Hajime Tsujimoto, Naoaki Matsuki, Koichi Ohno
A 6-year 5-month-old spayed female Scottish Fold cat presented with a one-month history of gait abnormalities, increased salivation, and decreased activity. A blood test showed hyperammonemia and increased serum bile acids. Imaging tests revealed multiple shunt vessels indicating acquired portosystemic shunt. Histopathologic analysis of liver biopsy showed features consistent with liver hypoperfusion, such as a barely recognizable portal vein, increased numbers of small arterioles, and diffuse vacuolar degeneration of hepatocytes...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606722/primary-colonic-hemangiosarcoma-in-a-dog
#14
Munetaka Iwata, Takeshi Aikawa, Yuta Miyazaki, Shigeo Sadahiro
A 13-year-old spayed female miniature dachshund dog was presented with a history of hematochezia, melena, and weight loss. A colonic mass detected by exploratory celiotomy was resected and diagnosed as hemangiosarcoma (HSA). Liver lobectomy for hepatic HSA was performed 894 days after surgery. Adjuvant chemotherapy was declined. This is the first documentation of a canine colonic HSA.
April 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595391/ambulatory-electrocardiographic-evaluation-of-the-occurrence-of-arrhythmias-in-healthy-salukis
#15
Robert A Sanders, Tsumugi Anne Kurosawa, Mary Dee Sist
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and complexity of ventricular arrhythmias in a group of healthy Salukis evaluated by means of continuous Holter monitoring for 7 days. DESIGN Prospective case series. ANIMALS 25 healthy Salukis > 18 months old. PROCEDURES In all dogs, a history was obtained and a physical examination and transthoracic echocardiography were performed to verify the absence of structural cardiac disease. Dogs then underwent Holter monitoring for 7 days. Data recorded included heart rate parameters and the occurrence of conduction disturbances, ventricular premature complexes, ventricular couplets, ventricular triplets, ventricular bigeminy, ventricular trigeminy, and ventricular tachycardia...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575379/identification-of-ectopic-ovotestis-in-a-dog-with-xx-ovotesticular-sry-negative-disorder-of-sexual-development
#16
M Diel de Amorim, A Lerer, T Durzi, R A Foster, C J Gartley
A 1-year-old, previously spayed phenotypic female Poodle/Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier (Whoodle) cross was presented for a suspected ovarian remnant. Serum luteinizing hormone (LH) concentration was below the detection limit (<1 ng/ml Witness® LH), and serum progesterone concentration was elevated in the chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA; 20 ng/ml), consistent with dioestrus and presence of ovarian tissue. Transabdominal ultrasound revealed a retroperitoneal soft tissue structure suspected to be a gonad...
March 24, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575136/diagnosis-of-pneumocystis-pneumonia-in-a-2-year-old-king-charles-cavalier-spaniel-using-the-polymerase-chain-reaction
#17
Ayeley A K Okine, Seth Chapman, Roger A Hostutler, Robert Livingston
A 2-year-old, female spayed, King Charles Cavalier Spaniel was presented for evaluation of dyspnea, inappetence, and lethargy. Thoracic radiographs revealed a moderate diffuse interstitial lung pattern affecting the perihilar and caudodorsal lung fields, and an echocardiogram revealed severe pulmonary hypertension. A bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed, and cytology revealed mixed inflammation with cysts and trophozoites consistent with Pneumocystis. Pneumocystis infection was later confirmed with PCR...
March 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554974/renal-dialysis-and-long-term-treatment-of-a-dog-with-kidney-disease-associated-with-canine-leishmaniosis
#18
Gad Baneth, Gilad Segev, Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Hila Chen, Sharon Kuzi
BACKGROUND: Renal disease is considered the main cause of natural mortality in dogs with canine leishmaniosis. The pathological mechanisms associated with kidney injury in canine leishmaniosis include immune complex glomerulonephritis, tubulointerstitial nephritis and occasionally renal amyloidosis. Proteinuria is a frequent finding in canine leishmaniosis and its quantification by the urine protein-creatinine ratio (UPC) is an important parameter in the staging of canine lesihmaniosis as presented by the LeishVet group...
March 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553897/characteristics-of-and-risk-factors-for-intervertebral-disk-extrusions-in-pekingese
#19
Orit Chai, Tamar Harrosh, Tali Bdolah-Avram, Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Merav H Shamir
OBJECTIVE To characterize and identify risk factors for intervertebral disk extrusion (IVDE) in Pekingese. DESIGN Retrospective case-control study. ANIMALS 426 Pekingese (81 with confirmed IVDE and 345 without IVDE) admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital from 2005 through 2015. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and data were extracted regarding age, sex, body weight, body condition score, coat color, chief reason for initial evaluation, body system involved, and diagnosis. Survey radiographs of the vertebral column were examined...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525232/why-owners-choose-an-orthosis-over-stifle-surgery-for-canine-cranial-cruciate-ligament-deficiency
#20
Gina E Bertocci, Nathan P Brown, Patrice M Mich
The objective of this study was to describe the patient population of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) deficiency that were prescribed a stifle orthosis. A total of 215 client-owned dogs with previously diagnosed CrCL deficiency were prescribed a stifle orthosis at a veterinary pain management and mobility clinic. Patient intake data collected included dog signalment, chief medical complaint, home environment and activity description, medical and surgical history, and diagnosing veterinarian. An orthopedic examination was conducted to assess pelvic limb function and determine pelvic limb morphologic measures...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
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