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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655135/home-based-exercise-program-improves-balance-and-fear-of-falling-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#1
Kalpana P Padala, Prasad R Padala, Shelly Y Lensing, Richard A Dennis, Melinda M Bopp, Paula K Roberson, Dennis H Sullivan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Balance problems are common in older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The objective was to study the effects of a Wii-Fit interactive video-game-led physical exercise program to a walking program on measures of balance in older adults with mild AD. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled parallel-group trial (Wii-Fit versus walking) was conducted in thirty community-dwelling older adults (73±6.2 years) with mild AD. Home-based exercises were performed under caregiver supervision for 8 weeks...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654777/a-study-of-associations-among-attachment-patterns-maltreatment-and-behavior-problem-in-institutionalized-children-in-japan
#2
Emiko Katsurada, Mitsue Tanimukai, Junko Akazawa
The present study investigates the relationships among children's history of maltreatment, attachment patterns, and behavior problems in Japanese institutionalized children. Twenty-nine children (12 boys and 17 girls) from three different institutions in the Kinki area (Western part of Japan) participated in this study. Their average age was 6. 41-years (ranging from 4 to 10). Thirteen of the children (44.8%) had history of maltreatment before they were institutionalized. Children's attachment was assessed by the Attachment Doll Play Assessment (George & Solomon, 1990, 1996, 2000)...
June 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654610/what-s-new-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis-surgery
#3
Jesse A Taylor, Scott P Bartlett
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the role of prenatal screening and counseling of parents of unborn children with syndromic craniosynostosis. 2. Recognize the genetic abnormalities, craniofacial phenotype, associated anomalies, and challenges associated with each of the five major forms of syndromic craniosynostosis. 3. Identify the pros and cons associated with timing and types of cranial vault remodeling techniques in this patient population...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654567/worry-in-head-and-neck-cancer-caregivers-the-role-of-survivor-factors-care-related-stressors-and-loneliness-in-predicting-fear-of-recurrence
#4
Rebecca Maguire, Paul Hanly, Myles Balfe, Aileen Timmons, Philip Hyland, Eleanor O'Sullivan, Phyllis Butow, Linda Sharp
BACKGROUND: Fear of recurrence (FOR) is a primary concern for both cancer survivors and their caregivers, yet little is known about what care-related factors exacerbate this worry. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to establish the role of care-related stressors-as distinct from survivor characteristics-in predicting FOR in head and neck cancer caregivers. METHODS: HNC survivor-caregiver dyads took part in a mailed survey. Survivors provided information on health and quality of life (using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Questionnaire)...
July 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654490/a-home-based-body-weight-supported-treadmill-program-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#5
Allie Visser, Marci Westman, Sango Otieno, Lisa Kenyon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the effect and feasibility of a home-based body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) program on walking capacity and functional mobility in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: A within-subjects, repeated-measures design was used. Ten children with CP ages 6 to 16 years participated in pre- and postintervention testing sessions, an initial home training session, and a 12-week home-based BWSTT program conducted 3 to 4 times per week by a parent or caregiver for up to 20 minutes each session...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653672/the-impact-of-spinal-cord-injury-on-the-quality-of-life-of-primary-family-caregivers-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
J Lynch, R Cahalan
STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. OBJECTIVES: To provide a detailed review of the literature regarding the impact of spinal cord injury (SCI) on the quality of life (QOL) of family members who have become the primary caregiver and to highlight potential interventions available. METHODS: Appropriate databases were searched for relevant peer-reviewed studies. Twenty-five studies (four qualitative and 21 quantitative) were identified which investigated the role that family members play in caring for people with SCI and the impact it has on their QOL...
June 27, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653489/household-sanitation-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-bacterial-and-protozoal-enteric-infections-but-not-viral-infections-and-diarrhea-in-a-cohort-study-in-a-low-income-urban-neighborhood-in-vellore-india
#7
David Berendes, Juan Leon, Amy Kirby, Julie Clennon, Suraja Raj, Habib Yakubu, Katharine Robb, Arun Kartikeyan, Priya Hemavathy, Annai Gunasekaran, Sheela Roy, Ben Chirag Ghale, J Senthil Kumar, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Gagandeep Kang, Christine Moe
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between household sanitation and enteric infection-including diarrheal-specific outcomes-in children 0-2 years of age in a low-income, dense urban neighborhood. METHODS: As part of the MAL-ED study, 230 children in a low-income, urban, Indian neighborhood provided stool specimens at 14-17 scheduled time points and during diarrheal episodes in the first two years of life that were analyzed for bacterial, parasitic (protozoa and helminths), and viral pathogens...
June 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653417/oral-problems-and-quality-of-life-of-preschool-children-self-reports-of-children-and-perception-of-parents-caregivers
#8
Matheus F Perazzo, Monalisa C Gomes, Érick T Neves, Carolina C Martins, Saul M Paiva, Edja M M de B Costa, Ana F Granville-Garcia
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between oral health problems and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children according to both self-reports and the reports of parents/caregivers. A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 769 preschool children and their parents/caregivers. The OHRQoL was evaluated using the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5). Based on logistic regression for complex samples, the following variables were found to be associated with poorer OHRQoL in the parent/caregiver version: toothache (OR = 6...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652913/evaluation-of-immunization-coverage-and-its-associated-factors-among-children-12-23-months-of-age-in-techiman-municipality-ghana-2016
#9
Martin Nyaaba Adokiya, Benjamin Baguune, Joyce Aputere Ndago
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, Expanded Programme on Immunization administrative coverages are usually high while childhood immunization status remains low. Majority of children do not receive all the recommended 7 vaccines in 15 doses before 1 year of age. Surveys to validate administrative coverages and identify predictors of immunization status are not given the desired attention. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the immunization coverage and its associated factors among children aged 12-23 months in Techiman Municipality, Ghana...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652833/a-narrative-literature-review-of-depression-following-traumatic-brain-injury-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#10
REVIEW
Shannon B Juengst, Raj G Kumar, Amy K Wagner
Depression is one of the most common conditions to emerge after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and despite its potentially serious consequences it remains undertreated. Treatment for post-traumatic depression (PTD) is complicated due to the multifactorial etiology of PTD, ranging from biological pathways to psychosocial adjustment. Identifying the unique, personalized factors contributing to the development of PTD could improve long-term treatment and management for individuals with TBI. The purpose of this narrative literature review was to summarize the prevalence and impact of PTD among those with moderate to severe TBI and to discuss current challenges in its management...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652500/positive-aspects-of-caregiving-experience-among-caregivers-of-patients-with-dementia
#11
S Grover, R Nehra, R Malhotra, N Kate
OBJECTIVE: To assess the positive aspects of caregiving and its correlates among caregivers of patients with dementia. METHODS: A total of 55 primary caregivers of patients with dementia were invited to complete the Scale for Positive Aspects of Caregiving Experience (SPACE), Coping Checklist, Social Support Questionnaire, and World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF version. Caregivers were also assessed by a clinician using the Burden Interview Schedule...
June 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652497/global-prevalence-of-elder-abuse-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#12
C Sh Ho, S Y Wong, M M Chiu, R Cm Ho
OBJECTIVE: Elder abuse is increasingly recognised as a global public health and social problem. There has been limited inter-study comparison of the prevalence and risk factors for elder abuse. This study aimed to estimate the pooled and subtype prevalence of elder abuse worldwide and identify significant associated risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis and meta-regression of 34 population-based and 17 non-population-based studies. RESULTS: The pooled prevalences of elder abuse were 10...
June 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652082/medical-care-activities-among-spouses-of-older-adults-with-functional-disability-implications-for-caregiving-difficulties-and-gains
#13
Courtney A Polenick, Amanda N Leggett, Helen C Kales
OBJECTIVES: Spouses of older adults with functional disability often provide help with their partner's medical care. Yet little is known about the implications of these activities for spouses' caregiving experiences. We examined how spouses' medical care activities are linked to both positive and negative aspects of caregiving (difficulties and gains), and whether these associations vary by their age, gender, or education. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study and National Study of Caregiving cross-sectional studies...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651033/ags-and-nhtsa-partner-to-plot-course-toward-safe-driving-for-older-adults-and-caregivers
#14
Debra Saliba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650370/five-strategies-for-encouraging-seafood-consumption-what-health-professionals-need-to-know
#15
Julia Quam, Kellie Casavale
There is confusion among many Americans, particularly women who are pregnant or breastfeeding and parents and caregivers of young children, regarding seafood consumption. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans encourages us to eat a greater variety of protein foods. One way to do this is to choose seafood twice a week in place of meats, poultry, or eggs. Seafood, which includes fish and shellfish, is recommended for the total package of nutrients it provides. However, the average American is eating much less seafood than recommended...
July 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650353/the-effect-of-hearing-loss-on-novel-word-learning-in-infant-and-adult-directed-speech
#16
V Susie Robertson, Deborah von Hapsburg, Jessica S Hay
OBJECTIVES: Relatively little is known about how young children with hearing impairment (HI) learn novel words in infant- and adult-directed speech (ADS). Infant-directed speech (IDS) supports word learning in typically developing infants relative to ADS. This study examined how children with normal hearing (NH) and children with HI learn novel words in IDS and ADS. It was predicted that IDS would support novel word learning in both groups of children. In addition, children with HI were expected to be less proficient word learners as compared with their NH peers...
June 22, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650255/patient-navigation-for-traumatic-brain-injury-promotes-community-re-integration-and-reduces-re-hospitalizations
#17
Emily R Rosario, Laura Espinoza, Stephanie Kaplan, Sepehr Khonsari, Earl Thurndyke, Melissa Bustos, Kayla Vickers, Brittney Navarro, Bonnie Scudder
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a Navigation programme for patients with traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Prospective programme evaluation. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation facility and community settings. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen individuals who suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI), were between the ages of 16-70 years, and had a Rancho Score greater than IV. INTERVENTION: Patient navigation programme focused on identifying and addressing barriers to positive outcomes, including coordination of care and facilitating communication among the family and healthcare providers, psychosocial support, caregiver support, adherence to treatment, education, community resources and financial issues...
June 26, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650198/buffer-or-amplifier-longitudinal-effects-of-social-support-for-functional-autonomy-dependence-on-older-adults-chronic-pain-experiences
#18
Marta Matos, Sónia F Bernardes, Liesbet Goubert, Wim Beyers
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study aimed to investigate (a) the moderating role of formal social support for functional autonomy versus dependence on the relationship between pain intensity and pain-related disability among older adults with chronic pain and (b) the mediating role of pain-related self-efficacy and pain-related fear in this moderation. METHOD: One hundred and seventy older adults (Mage = 78.0; SD = 8.7) with chronic musculoskeletal pain participated in a 3-month prospective study, with 3 measurement moments...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650194/remotely-delivering-real-time-parent-training-to-the-home-an-initial-randomized-trial-of-internet-delivered-parent-child-interaction-therapy-i-pcit
#19
Jonathan S Comer, Jami M Furr, Elizabeth M Miguel, Christine E Cooper-Vince, Aubrey L Carpenter, R Meredith Elkins, Caroline E Kerns, Danielle Cornacchio, Tommy Chou, Stefany Coxe, Mariah DeSerisy, Amanda L Sanchez, Alejandra Golik, Julio Martin, Kathleen M Myers, Rhea Chase
OBJECTIVE: Remote technologies are increasingly being leveraged to expand the reach of supported care, but applications to early child-behavior problems have been limited. This is the first controlled trial examining video-teleconferencing to remotely deliver behavioral parent training to the home setting with a live therapist. METHOD: Racially/ethnically diverse children ages 3-5 years with disruptive behavior disorders, and their caregiver(s), using webcams and parent-worn Bluetooth earpieces, participated in a randomized trial comparing Internet-delivered parent-child interaction therapy (I-PCIT) versus standard clinic-based PCIT (N = 40)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650107/when-cultural-norms-discourage-talking-to-babies-effectiveness-of-a-parenting-program-in-rural-senegal
#20
Ann Weber, Anne Fernald, Yatma Diop
In some areas of rural Africa, long-standing cultural traditions and beliefs may discourage parents from verbally engaging with their young children. This study assessed the effectiveness of a parenting program designed to encourage verbal engagement between caregivers and infants in Wolof-speaking villages in rural Senegal. Caregivers (n = 443) and their 4- to 31-month-old children were observed at baseline in 2013 and 1 year later at follow-up. Results showed that caregivers in program villages nearly doubled the amount of child-directed speech during a play session compared to baseline, whereas caregivers in matched comparison villages showed no change...
June 26, 2017: Child Development
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