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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346357/type-of-cows-milk-consumption-and-relationship-to-health-predictors-in-new-zealand-preschool-children
#1
Hajar Mazahery, Carlos A Camargo, Carolyn Cairncross, Lisa A Houghton, Cameron C Grant, Jane Coad, Cathryn A Conlon, Pamela R von Hurst
AIMS: New Zealand dietary guidelines recommend children from two years of age consume low- or reduced-fat milk. We aimed to investigate the predictors of type of milk consumption in preschool children. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional study which enrolled preschool children (2-<5 years, n=1,329) from throughout New Zealand. RESULTS: Cows' milk was consumed regularly by 88% of children. Of these, 26% consumed plain low- or reduced-fat milk, while 74% consumed full-fat milk...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345256/caregiver-perspectives-on-communication-during-hospitalization-at-an-academic-pediatric-institution-a-qualitative-study
#2
Lauren G Solan, Andrew F Beck, Stephanie A Shardo, Hadley S Sauers-Ford, Jeffrey M Simmons, Samir S Shah, Susan N Sherman
OBJECTIVE: Communication among those involved in a child's care during hospitalization can mitigate or exacerbate family stress and confusion. As part of a broader qualitative study, we present an in-depth understanding of communication issues experienced by families during their child's hospitalization and during the transition to home. METHODS: Focus groups and individual interviews stratified by socioeconomic status included caregivers of children recently discharged from a children's hospital after acute illnesses...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345180/depression-among-caregivers-of-patients-with-dementia
#3
Abdullelah S Alfakhri, Ahmed W Alshudukhi, Ali A Alqahtani, Abdulrahman M Alhumaid, Omer A Alhathlol, Abdullah I Almojali, Muteb A Alotaibi, Meshal K Alaqeel
We aimed to assess depressive symptoms in caregivers of patients with dementia, taking into account variables such as severity of dementia, sex, age, and financial state of the patient. We recruited 222 caregivers of patients with dementia from King Abdulaziz Medical City, Saudi Alzheimer's Disease Association, and online, from February to June 2017, and employed the Patient Health Questionnaire to assess depression, and the Blessed Dementia Scale to assess severity of dementia. The prevalence of clinical depression among the caregivers was 14...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345147/the-complexities-of-family-caregiving-at-work-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Joseph E Gaugler, Deborah L Pestka, Heather Davila, Rebecca Sales, Greg Owen, Sarah A Baumgartner, Rocky Shook, Jane Cunningham, Maureen Kenney
The current project examined the impact of caregiving and caregiving-work conflict on employees' well-being. A sequential explanatory mixed-methods design (QUAN→qual) was utilized, and a total of 880 employees from a large health-care plan employer completed an online survey. Forty-five caregivers who completed the survey also participated in one of the five focus groups held 1 to 2 months later. Employed caregivers were significantly ( p < .05) more likely to indicate poorer physical and mental health than noncaregivers; among caregivers ( n = 370), caregiving-work conflict emerged as the most significant predictor of well-being and fully mediated the empirical relationship between burden and well-being...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345020/a-new-approach-in-exploring-satisfaction-with-nursing-care-by-nurses-themselves
#5
Rana M Elayan, Muayyad M Ahmad
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the level of satisfaction with nursing care from nurses' perspectives, as patients and/or as caregivers for hospitalized relatives. BACKGROUND: Many studies that have examined patients' satisfaction with nursing care in Jordan and worldwide, found high ratings of satisfaction with nursing care among patients. These ratings may be inflated because patients, as the recipients of care, are often unequipped to judge specific aspects of care, unless the patient is also a nurse...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344539/agreement-between-heart-failure-patients-and-their-primary-caregivers-on-symptom-assessment
#6
Hassan Sharifi, Mohammad Ali Rezaei, Nastaran Heydari Khayat, Neda Mohammadinia
Background: To decrease the readmission rate of heart failure (HF) patients, patients and their caregivers (CGs) should participate in symptoms assessment. This study aimed to assess the agreement between HF patients and their CGs on symptoms assessment. Methods: Using a correlational design, 100 HF patients with their CGs (100 dyads) were recruited from Department of Cardiology, Iranshahr, during August-December 2014. Data were collected using modified Heart Failure Symptom Survey (HFSS)...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343961/receiver-operating-characteristic-curve-analysis-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-and-teacher-s-report-form-for-assessing-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-preschool-aged-children
#7
Tiago S Bara, Antonio C Farias, Erico Pg Felden, Mara L Cordeiro
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social, behavioral, and communication impairments with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 68 school-aged children. There is a need for objective and easily applicable instruments for early identification of autistic children to enable initiation of early interventions during a very sensitive period of brain development and, consequently, optimize prognosis. Here, we tested the utility of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Caregiver-Teacher's Report Form (C-TRF) scales for assessing ASD in Brazil, where ASD screening research is emergent...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343946/a-new-pen-device-for-injection-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-a-convenience-functionality-and-usability-evaluation-study
#8
Maritta Sauer, Carole Abbotts
Purpose: Adherence to recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH) is critical to growth and other outcomes in patients with growth disorders, but the requirement for daily injections means that ease of use is an important factor. This study assessed the perceived ease of use and functionality of the prototype of a reusable pen injector (pen device) for r-hGH that incorporates several advanced features. Participants and methods: Semi-structured 60-minute qualitative interviews were conducted in 5 countries with 57 health care professionals (HCPs) and 30 patients with GH deficiency/caregivers administering r-hGH to patients, including children...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343557/dicer1-and-associated-conditions-%C3%A2-identification-of-at-risk-individuals-and-recommended-surveillance-strategies
#9
Kris Ann P Schultz, Gretchen M Williams, Junne Kamihara, Douglas R Stewart, Anne K Harris, Andrew J Bauer, Joyce Turner, Rachana Shah, Katherine Schneider, Kami Wolfe Schneider, Ann Garrity Carr, Laura A Harney, Shari Baldinger, A Lindsay Frazier, Daniel Orbach, Dominik T Schneider, David Malkin, Louis P Dehner, Yoav H Messinger, Ashley Hill
Pathogenic germline DICER1 variants cause a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome with a variety of manifestations. In addition to conferring increased cancer risks for pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors, particularly Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, individuals with pathogenic germline DICER1 variants may also develop lung cysts, cystic nephroma, renal sarcoma and Wilms tumor, nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ciliary body medulloepithelioma, genitourinary embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and brain tumors including pineoblastoma and pituitary blastoma...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343252/insights-into-the-genetics-of-blood-pressure-in-black-south-african-individuals-the-birth-to-twenty-cohort
#10
Liesl M Hendry, Venesa Sahibdeen, Ananyo Choudhury, Shane A Norris, Michèle Ramsay, Zané Lombard
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of non-communicable disease deaths globally, with hypertension being a major risk factor contributing to CVDs. Blood pressure is a heritable trait, with relatively few genetic studies having been performed in Africans. This study aimed to identify genetic variants associated with variance in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure in black South Africans. METHODS: Genotyping was performed using the Metabochip in a subset of participants (mixed sex; median age 17...
January 17, 2018: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343236/barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-the-real-world-the-intensity-survey
#11
Gregory P Cosgrove, Pauline Bianchi, Sherry Danese, David J Lederer
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and other interstitial lung diseases (ILD) presents significant clinical challenges. To gain insights regarding the diagnostic experience of patients with ILD and to identify potential barriers to a timely and accurate diagnosis, we developed an online questionnaire and conducted a national survey of adults with a self-reported diagnosis of ILD. METHODS: A pre-specified total of 600 subjects were recruited to participate in a 40-question online survey...
January 17, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343173/effects-of-two-feedback-interventions-on-end-of-life-outcomes-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-three-armed-trial
#12
Jannie A Boogaard, Henrica Cw de Vet, Mirjam C van Soest-Poortvliet, Johannes R Anema, Wilco P Achterberg, Jenny T van der Steen
BACKGROUND: Despite increased attention for palliative care in dementia, recent studies found burdensome symptoms and unmet family caregiver needs in the last phase of life. Feedback is being used to improve the quality of palliative care, but we do not know how effective it is. AIM: To assess the effect of two feedback strategies on perceived quality of end-of-life care and comfort in dying nursing home residents with dementia. METHODS: In a cluster-randomized controlled trial, the End-of-Life in Dementia-Satisfaction With Care and the End-of-Life in Dementia-Comfort Assessment in Dying scales were completed by bereaved family caregivers of residents with dementia of 18 Dutch nursing homes...
January 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343143/colorectal-cancer-patients-preferences-for-type-of-caregiver-during-survivorship-care
#13
T Wieldraaijer, L A M Duineveld, S C Donkervoort, W B Busschers, H C P M van Weert, J Wind
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors are currently included in a secondary care-led survivorship care programme. Efforts are underway to transfer this survivorship care to primary care, but met with some reluctance by patients and caregivers. This study assesses (1) what caregiver patients prefer to contact for symptoms during survivorship care, (2) what patient factors are associated with a preferred caregiver, and (3) whether the type of symptom is associated with a preferred caregiver...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343080/voices-from-australia-concerns-about-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorder
#14
Denise Cummins, Donna Waters, Christina Aggar, David Crawford, Judith Fethney, Catherine O'Connor
This study aimed to determine whether people living with HIV (PLHIV) are concerned about HIV associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) and would find information and resources for HAND beneficial. An online survey focusing on the experience of HAND was distributed via the website of Positive Life New South Wales: a peak peer-support non-government organization in Australia. Of 126 respondents, 94 (74%) had heard of HAND, 52/94 (55%) had experienced concerns and of these, 48/52 (92%) felt anxiety about discussing the subject...
January 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342367/cystic-fibrosis-pulmonary-guidelines-use-of-cftr-modulator-therapy-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#15
Clement L Ren, Rebecca L Morgan, Christopher Oermann, Helaine E Resnick, Cynthia Brady, Annette Campbell, Richard DeNagel, Margaret Guill, Jeffrey Hoag, Andrew Lipton, Thomas Newton, Stacy Peters, Donna Beth Willey-Courand, Edward T Naureckas
BACKGROUND: CFTR modulators are a new class of medications that target the underlying defect in in cystic fibrosis (CF). Ivacaftor (IVA) and IVA combined with lumacaftor (IVA/LUM) have been approved by the FDA for use in CF patients. However, the FDA label for these medications encompasses patient groups that were not studied as part of the drug approval process. CF clinicians, patients, and their families have recognized a need for recommendations to guide the use of these medications...
January 17, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340799/fully-automated-life-support-an-implementation-and-feasibility-pilot-study-in-healthy-pigs
#16
Wilfried Klingert, Jörg Peter, Christian Thiel, Karolin Thiel, Wolfgang Rosenstiel, Kathrin Klingert, Christian Grasshoff, Alfred Königsrainer, Martin Schenk
BACKGROUND: Automated systems are available in various application areas all over the world for the purpose of reducing workload and increasing safety. However, such support systems that would aid caregivers are still lacking in the medical sector. With respect to workload and safety, especially, the intensive care unit appears to be an important and challenging application field. Whereas many closed-loop subsystems for single applications already exist, no comprehensive system covering multiple therapeutic aspects and interactions is available yet...
January 16, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339115/toddler-drinks-formulas-and-milks-labeling-practices-and-policy-implications
#17
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Maria J Romo Palafox, Jennifer L Harris
Toddler drinks are a growing category of drinks marketed for young children 9-36 months old. Medical experts do not recommend them, and public health experts raise concerns about misleading labeling practices. In the U.S., the toddler drink category includes two types of products: transition formulas, marketed for infants and toddlers 9-24 months; and toddler milks, for children 12-36 months old. The objective of this study was to evaluate toddler drink labeling practices in light of U.S. food labeling policy and international labeling recommendations...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339013/the-use-of-telemental-health-to-meet-the-mental-health-needs-of-women-using-department-of-veterans-affairs-services
#18
Jessica L Moreau, Kristina M Cordasco, Alexander S Young, Sabine M Oishi, Danielle E Rose, Ismelda Canelo, Elizabeth M Yano, Sally G Haskell, Alison B Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Women veterans are a growing segment of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) users with distinct mental health needs and well-documented barriers to care. Telemental health holds much promise for reducing barriers to mental health care. We assessed VA stakeholders' perceptions of telemental health's appropriateness and potential to address the mental health needs of women veteran VA users. METHODS: We conducted semistructured qualitative interviews with 40 key leadership and clinical stakeholders at VA medical centers and associated outpatient clinics...
January 12, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338962/knowledge-on-asthma-food-allergies-and-anaphylaxis-assessment-of-elementary-school-teachers-parents-caregivers-of-asthmatic-children-and-university-students-in-uruguaiana-in-the-state-of-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil
#19
M Urrutia-Pereira, L P Mocellin, R B de Oliveira, L Simon, L Lessa, D Solé
INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases have become an increasingly common reality in the last years, extending beyond the family context. OBJECTIVE: Assessing the level of knowledge on asthma, food allergies and anaphylaxis of asthmatic children's parents/caregivers (PC), elementary school teachers (EST) and university students (US) in Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil. METHOD: 577 individuals (PC - N=111; EST - N=177; US - N=299) took part in the study, answering the Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (validated for Portuguese) and another questionnaire on Food Allergy (FA) and anaphylaxis...
January 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338155/association-between-caregiver-exposure-to-toxics-during-pregnancy-and-childhood-onset-asthma-a-case-control-study
#20
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Mirna Waked, Pascale Salameh
The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between caregiver-reported use of medications, alcohol, cigarette and/or waterpipe (WP), and exposure to pesticides/detergents during pregnancy with childhood-onset asthma. The study design consisted of a case-control study, conducted between December 2015 and April 2016, recruited 1503 children, aged between 3-16 years old. A questionnaire assessed the sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, education level of both parents), the family history of asthma, and other known risk factors of asthma (heating system at home, child history of recurrent otitis, humidity in the house, child went to a daycare, smoking and drinking alcohol during pregnancy, exposure to pesticides and detergents)...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
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