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Hemodialysis two-day three-day

Bhawna Gupta, Ali Dodge-Khatami, Juan Tucker, Mary B Taylor, Douglas Maposa, Miguel Urencio, Jorge D Salazar
BACKGROUND: Antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) typically is used with deep hypothermia for cerebral protection during aortic arch reconstructions. The impact of ACP on cerebral oxygenation and serum creatinine at a more tepid 25 °C was studied in newborns and children. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, 61 newborns and children (<5 years old) underwent aortic arch reconstruction using moderate hypothermia (25.0±0.9 °C) with ACP and a pH-stat blood gas management strategy...
July 2016: Translational pediatrics
Anna Trisia Beby, Tom Cornelis, Raymund Zinck, Frank Xiaoqing Liu
INTRODUCTION: In the Netherlands, the current standard of care for treating patients with end-stage renal disease is three sessions of in-center hemodialysis (conventional ICHD). However, the literature indicates that high dose hemodialysis (high dose HD) may provide better health outcome such as survival and quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of high dose HD, both in-center and at home, in comparison to conventional ICHD from a Dutch payer's perspective over a 5 year period...
September 23, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Bekir Şanal, Ömer Fatih Nas, Nurullah Doğan, Mehmet Korkmaz, Kadir Hacıkurt, Abdulmecid Yıldız, İrem İris Kan Aytaç, Bahattin Hakyemez, Cüneyt Erdoğan
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the safety and functionality of tunneled transhepatic hemodialysis catheters in chronic hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients (20 women aged 56±10 years and 18 men aged 61±11 years) with transhepatic tunneled hemodialysis catheters were evaluated. The date of the first transhepatic catheterization, indications, procedure details, functional time periods of catheters, reasons for the removal or revision of catheters, catheter-related complications, and current conditions of patients were retrospectively analyzed...
September 6, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
I-Chen Yu, Yun-Fang Tsai, Ji-Tseng Fang, Mei-Ming Yeh, Jia-You Fang, Chieh-Yu Liu
BACKGROUND: Dry mouth (xerostomia) is a common symptom in hemodialysis patients, which is associated with a reduced salivary flow. Xerostomia affects patients' oral health and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate using a mouthwash as a means to reduce xerostomia and improve saliva flow rates in hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS AND METHODS: Three dialysis centers in Northern Taiwan served as the study sites...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Ester Pereira, Janaína Chemin, Claudia L Menegatti, Miguel Carlos Riella
INTRODUCTION: Among the dialysis modalities, there is a prevalence of hemodialysis (HD). OBJECTIVES: To verify who chooses the dialysis modality and which variables reflect the perception of patients and health care team about treatment. METHODS: The study was conducted at three clinics of HD and peritoneal dialysis (PD). Two hundred and twenty patients participated in the study, of whom 69.5% were on HD and 30.5% on PD. Included voluntary patients on treatment from 90 days to 2 years, with...
June 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Christiana Oluwatoyin Amira, Babawale Taslim Bello, Rotimi Williams Braimoh
Hemodialysis (HD) catheters are commonly used as temporary vascular access in patients with kidney failure who require immediate HD. The use of these catheters is limited by complications such as infections, thrombosis resulting in poor blood flow. We studied the complications and outcomes of nontunneled catheters used for vascular access in our dialysis unit. The records of all patients, with renal failure who were dialyzed over a two-year period and had a double lumen nontunneled catheter inserted, were retrieved...
May 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Rosa Nguyen, Sima Jeha, Yinmei Zhou, Xueyuan Cao, Cheng Cheng, Deepa Bhojwani, Patrick Campbell, Scott C Howard, Jeffrey Rubnitz, Raul C Ribeiro, John T Sandlund, Tanja Gruber, Hiroto Inaba, Ching-Hon Pui, Monika L Metzger
BACKGROUND: Hyperleukocytosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has been associated with early morbidity and mortality. The use of leukapheresis in these children treated with contemporary therapy remains controversial. PROCEDURE: We analyzed clinical data from patients enrolled onto frontline protocols for ALL (Total Therapy XV and XVI) between 2003 and 2014. We documented adverse events within the first 14 days in patients with a white blood cell (WBC) count ≥200 × 10(9) /l and reviewed their management...
September 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Ahmet Çağkan İnkaya, Filiz Kaya, İrem Yıldız, Ömrüm Uzun, Sibel Ergüven
Among Plasmodium species the causative agent of malaria in Turkey is P.vivax, however the incidence of imported falciparum malaria cases is steadily increasing. P.falciparum may cause severe malaria with the involvement of central nervous system, acute renal failure, severe anemia or acute respiratory distress syndrome. Furhermore most of the casualties due to malaria are related with P.falciparum. There is recently, a considerable increase in malaria infections especially in tropical areas. In this report, three cases, who have admitted to our hospital with three different clinical presentations of falciparum malaria, and all shared common history of travelling to Africa were presented...
April 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Yuko Miyazaki, Tadashi Furuyama, Yutaka Matsubara, Keiji Yoshiya, Ryosuke Yoshiga, Kentaro Inoue, Daisuke Matsuda, Yukihiko Aoyagi, Masaaki Kato, Takuya Matsumoto, Yoshihiko Maehara
We present a successful case of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for chronic Stanford type B aortic dissection (B-AD) with recurrent ischemic colitis. The patient was a 56-year-old woman with abdominal pain as the main complaint who had two operations previously: the total arch replacement 8 years ago and the Bentall 7 years ago for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. Her abdominal pain worsened as her blood pressure became low during her hemodialysis treatment. An enhanced computed tomography scan was performed on the patient and showed chronic B-AD that occurred from the distal anastomotic part of the total arch graft to the bilateral common iliac arteries...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Sagar U Nigwekar, Sophia Zhao, Julia Wenger, Jeffrey L Hymes, Franklin W Maddux, Ravi I Thadhani, Kevin E Chan
Accurate identification of risk factors for calcific uremic arteriolopathy (CUA) is necessary to develop preventive strategies for this morbid disease. We investigated whether baseline factors recorded at hemodialysis initiation would identify patients at risk for future CUA in a matched case-control study using data from a large dialysis organization. Hemodialysis patients with newly diagnosed CUA (n=1030) between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014, were matched by age, sex, and race in a 1:2 ratio to hemodialysis patients without CUA (n=2060)...
April 14, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Annie-Claude M Lassemillante, Veronica Oliver, Ingrid Hickman, Eryn Murray, Katrina L Campbell
Introduction There is currently limited evidence on the use or safety of meal replacements as part of a low- or very-low-calorie diet in patients with renal insufficiency; however, these are occasionally used under dietetic supervision in clinical practice to achieve the desired weight loss for kidney transplant. This case series reports on the safety and efficacy of a weight loss practice utilizing meal replacements among hemodialysis patients, who needed to lose weight for kidney transplant. Methods Five hemodialysis patients were prescribed a modified low-calorie diet (950 kcal and 100 g protein per day) comprising three meal replacements (Optifast(®) ), one main meal, and two low-potassium fruits per day...
April 4, 2016: Hemodialysis International
A Duprey, B Chavent, V Meyer-Bisch, T Varin, J-N Albertini, J-P Favre, X Barral, J-B Ricco
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To evaluate the long-term outcome of renal revascularization by ex vivo renal artery reconstruction and autotransplantation for renal artery branch aneurysms (RABAs). METHODS: Between 1991 and 2015, 67 ex vivo renal artery reconstructions with kidney autotransplantation were performed in 55 adults (mean age 47 years) and 10 children to repair 87 RABAs. The main underlying disease was fibromuscular dysplasia in 34 patients. Other etiologies were systemic congenital disease in eight patients, spontaneous dissecting aneurysms in five, iatrogenic aneurysms in three, atheromatous aneurysms in two and unknown etiology in 13...
June 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Saeed Mardani, Maryam Heidari, Hamid Nasri
INTRODUCTION: Plasma adiponectin level is markedly in-creased among patients on hemodialysis. This investigation aimed to evaluate the relationship between renin-angiotensin system blockade and serum adiponectin concentration in nondiabetic patients on hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized double-blind controlled trial was conducted on a group of nondiabetic patients on regular hemodialysis. The first group received losartan, 12.5 mg twice per day for the 1st week, 25 mg twice per day during the 2nd week, and 75 mg/d from the 3rd week to the end of the 16th week...
March 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Samya El-Shishtawy, Nevine Sherif, Emad Abdallh, Laila Kamel, Mohamed Shemis, Abdel Aziz Ali Saleem, Haitham Abdalla, Hesham Gamal El Din
INTRODUCTION: A new form of hepatitis C virus infection, known as occult hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, is characterized by the presence of HCV_RNA in the liver or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). However, no serological markers of infection occur and there is not as much damage to the liver damage as is produced by chronic hepatitis C. There is a high incidence of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients, there is significant concern about viral transmission. HCV infection is a major problem in hemodialysis (HD) units even though blood products are screened for anti-HCV antibodies and other precautions are taken...
December 2015: Electronic Physician
Kathryn L Davis, John C Gurley, Daniel L Davenport, Eleftherios S Xenos
OBJECTIVES: Hemodialysis (HD) patients with superior vena cava (SVC) occlusion have limited access options. Femoral access is commonly employed but is associated with high complication rates. Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) catheters can be used in tunneled catheter-dependent (TCD) patients who have exhausted other access options. The HeRO graft bypasses occlusion and traverses stenosis with outflow directly into the central venous circulation. At our institution we have used the inside-out central venous access technique (IOCVA) to traverse an occluded vena cava for HeRO graft placement...
March 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Byung Jo Park, Sumin Shin, Hong Kwan Kim, Yong Soo Choi, Jhingook Kim, Young Mog Shim
BACKGROUND: Patients on dialysis undergoing surgery belong to a high-risk group. Only a few studies have evaluated the outcome of major thoracic surgical procedures in dialysis patients. We evaluated the outcomes of pulmonary resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, seven patients on HD underwent pulmonary resection for NSCLC at our institution. We retrospectively reviewed their surgical outcomes and prognoses...
June 2015: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kohei Unagami, Kunio Kawanishi, Tomokazu Shimizu, Taichi Kanzawa, Daisuke Toki, Masayoshi Okumi, Kazuya Omoto, Shigeru Horita, Junki Koike, Kazuho Honda, Yoji Nagashima, Hideki Ishida, Kazunari Tanabe, Kosaku Nitta
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis commonly recurs following kidney transplantation. A 33-year-old man underwent living donor kidney transplantation. Proteinuria appeared two months after transplantation, and an episode biopsy on postoperative day 66 revealed recurrent focal segmental glomerulosclerosis lesions of the cellular variant by Columbia classification. We reviewed the native kidney biopsy and confirmed collapsing variant focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Plasma exchange therapy was performed, and his proteinuria temporarily resolved...
July 2015: Nephrology
Hiroki Kobayashi, Masanori Abe, Kazuyoshi Okada, Ritsukou Tei, Noriaki Maruyama, Fumito Kikuchi, Terumi Higuchi, Masayoshi Soma
BACKGROUND: In hemodialysis (HD) patients, zinc depletion caused by inadequate intake, malabsorption, and removal by HD treatment leads to erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) hyporesponsiveness. This study investigated the effects of zinc supplementation in HD patients with zinc deficiency on changes in the erythropoietin responsiveness index (ERI). METHODS: Patients on HD with low serum zinc levels (<65 μg/dL) were randomly assigned to two groups: The polaprezinc group (who received daily polaprezinc, containing 34 mg/day of zinc) (n = 35) and the control group (no supplementation) (n = 35) for 12 months...
May 2015: Nutrients
Safak Kaya, Selcuk Aksoz, Birol Baysal, Nurettin Ay, Ramazan Danis
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Eradication of HCV before transplantation is therefore of utmost importance in HCV-infected patients with ESRD who are candidates for kidney transplantation. The appropriate treatment for HCV infection in patients with ESRD and suboptimal response rates is still unclear. Here, we present our data from five cases who were being monitored by two healthcare centers for ESRD and HCV infection, who were candidates for kidney transplantation and were treated with a triple regimen containing telaprevir...
September 2015: Infectious Diseases
Colin G Weaver, Pietro Ravani, Matthew J Oliver, Peter C Austin, Robert R Quinn
BACKGROUND: Poisson regression is commonly used to analyze hospitalization data when outcomes are expressed as counts (e.g. number of days in hospital). However, data often violate the assumptions on which Poisson regression is based. More appropriate extensions of this model, while available, are rarely used. METHODS: We compared hospitalization data between 206 patients treated with hemodialysis (HD) and 107 treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) using Poisson regression and compared results from standard Poisson regression with those obtained using three other approaches for modeling count data: negative binomial (NB) regression, zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) regression and zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) regression...
August 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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