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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624853/impact-of-salt-reduction-in-meals-consumed-during-hemodialysis-sessions-on-interdialytic-weight-gain-and-hemodynamic-stability
#1
Arthur Colson, Anita Brinkley, Philippe Braconnier, Nadia Ammor, Michel Burnier, Menno Pruijm
INTRODUCTION: Patients on hemodialysis (HD) are advised to limit daily water- and salt intake to reduce interdialytic weight gain (IDWG). To counterbalance protein-losses, protein-rich meals are sometimes provided during HD sessions, but their salt content is not always taken into account. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of a lower salt content of meals provided during HD sessions on IDWG, blood pressure (BP), and hemodynamic stability during dialysis. METHODS: This monocentric, interventional study was proposed to all the patients treated with three weekly HD sessions...
April 6, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525810/glucocorticoid-induced-myopathy-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Elliot M Silver, William Ochoa
BACKGROUND Chronic intake of high-dose corticosteroids is associated with multiple adverse clinical effects, including hypertension, insulin resistance, impaired wound healing, immunosuppression, myopathy, and osteoporosis. In cases of autoimmune disease, use of steroid-sparing treatment modalities is preferred over chronic steroid therapy to limit these side effects. Glucocorticoid-induced myopathy is a less common side effect of chronic steroid use in patients treated with <10 mg/day of prednisone. However, doses exceeding 40-60 mg/day can induce clinically significant myopathy and weakness...
March 11, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479995/effect-of-acute-intradialytic-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-on-one-day-blood-pressure-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-pilot-study
#3
Joon-Sik Kim, Joo-Hark Yi, Jinho Shin, Yeon-Soo Kim, Sang-Woong Han
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and intradialytic hypotension are independent risk factors for mortality in hemodialysis patients. We hypothesized that intradialytic exercise would increase blood pressure (BP) during dialysis and decrease it during the postdialytic period. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of acute intradialytic exercise on BP both during dialysis and for 20 hours post-dialysis, and to detect any differences in effects of aerobic exercise (AE), resistance exercise (RE), and usual care (UC-the control condition)...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477679/flow-rates-at-thirty-days-after-construction-of-radiocephalic-av-fistula-predict-hemodialysis-function
#4
Eric Pillado, Mina Behdad, Russell Williams, Samuel E Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Construction of radiocephalic AV fistula (RC- AVF) results in successful hemodialysis (HD) in approximately 40 percent of ESRD patients. We investigated whether RC-AVF flow measured by ultrasound 30 days postoperative predicted successful HD. METHODS: In this prospective study color Doppler ultrasound (DUS) was used to measure cephalic vein outflow volume at three forearm sites one and three months postoperative. RESULTS: Of 45 consecutive patients screened for feasibility of RC-AVF by physical exam and US arterial and vein mapping, 41 were considered suitable for construction of RC-AVF...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463251/kidney-autotransplantation-after-nephrectomy-and-work-bench-surgery-as-an-ultimate-approach-to-nephron-sparing-surgery
#5
Martin W W Janssen, Johannes Linxweiler, Ines Philipps, Zentia Bütow, Stefan Siemer, Michael Stöckle, Carsten-Henning Ohlmann
BACKGROUND: Kidney autotransplantation (KAT) is the ultimate approach for nephron-sparing surgery. It is a rarely used method in renal tumor surgery today as minimal invasive and open techniques for nephron-sparing surgery improve constantly. In this publication, the complication rate and the long-term functional and oncological outcome at a single center are analyzed. METHODS: A prospectively constructed database of patients with renal tumors who underwent renal surgery was retrospectively analyzed to identify patients with KAT and describe surgical and oncological outcomes and to obtain long-term follow-up...
February 20, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456208/morbidity-and-mortality-of-hospitalized-hip-fractures-in-chronic-hemodialysis
#6
Georgios Vlachopanos, Theodoras Kassimatis, Anastasia Kokkona, Adamantia Zerva, Eirini Stavroulaki, Charilaos Zacharogiannis, Athanasios Agrafiotis
Abnormal bone architecture contributes to high incidence of hip fractures in chronichemodialysis (HD) patients. Their clinical epidemiology is incompletely described. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess the implications ofhospitalization with hip fracture in HD patients compared to the nonchronic kidney disease population. Thirty-three chronic HD patients admitted with hip fracture overfiveyears were age- and sex-matched on a 1:1 ratio with controls that had hip fracture and normal renal function...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383633/a-fatal-case-of-amlodipine-toxicity-following-iatrogenic-hypercalcemia
#7
Narges-Sadat Zahed, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani
Using calcium salts in management of amlodipine overdose is challenging. A 25-year-old male with known history of adult polycystic kidney disease presented with hypotension, tachycardia, and intact neurological status after ingestion of 450 mg of amlodipine. Immediately, normal saline infusion and norepinephrine were initiated. Two grams of calcium gluconate was injected, followed by intravenous infusion of 1.16 mg/kg/h. The patient was put on insulin-glucose protocol to maintain euglycemia and hyperinsulinemia...
January 30, 2018: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354913/-effects-of-auricular-plaster-therapy-on-quality-of-life-in-uremia-patients-after-parathyroidectomy-plus-autograft
#8
Li Li, Jin Wang, Yanlin Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of auricular plaster therapy on quality of life in uremia patients after parathyroidectomy plus autograft (PTX+AT). METHODS: A total of 34 uremia patients complicated with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) who received PTX+AT were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 17 cases in each one. The patients in the control group were treated with calcium supplementation after surgery, 1 to 2 mg/kg an hour; one day after surgery, the patients were treated with oral administration of calcium carbonate before meals, 1...
September 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348924/mortality-and-hospitalizations-in-intensive-dialysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Anna Mathew, Jody-Ann McLeggon, Nirav Mehta, Samuel Leung, Valerie Barta, Thomas McGinn, Gihad Nesrallah
Background: Survival and hospitalization are critically important outcomes considered when choosing between intensive hemodialysis (HD), conventional HD, and peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, the comparative effectiveness of these modalities is unclear. Objective: We had the following aims: (1) to compare the association of mortality and hospitalization in patients undergoing intensive HD, compared with conventional HD or PD and (2) to appraise the methodological quality of the supporting evidence...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334904/association-of-kidney-disease-quality-of-life-kdqol-36-with-mortality-and-hospitalization-in-older-adults-receiving-hemodialysis
#10
Rasheeda K Hall, Alison Luciano, Carl Pieper, Cathleen S Colón-Emeric
BACKGROUND: For older adults receiving dialysis, health-related quality of life is not often considered in prognostication of death or future hospitalizations. To determine if routine health-related quality of life measures may be useful for prognostication, the objective of this study is to determine the extent of association of Kidney Disease Quality of Life (KDQOL-36) subscales with adverse outcomes in older adults receiving dialysis. METHODS: This is a longitudinal study of 3500 adults aged ≥75 years receiving dialysis in the United States in 2012 and 2013...
January 15, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284208/double-filtration-plasmapheresis-in-the-treatment-of-hyperproteinemia-in-dogs-affected-by-leishmania-infantum
#11
Francesca Perondi, Claudio Brovida, Gianila Ceccherini, Grazia Guidi, Ilaria Lippi
Three dogs were evaluated for severe hyperproteinemia and hyperglobulinemia secondary to Leishmania infantum. Double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) was performed in two dogs at day 1, 2 and 6 after presentation (T0). The third dog received two treatments of DFPP at day 1 and 3, and eleven hemodialysis treatments to support renal function. A significant reduction in serum total protein (p〈0.0001), alpha-1 (p〈0.023), alpha-2 (p〈0.018), gamma globulins (p=0.0105), and a significant increase in albumin/globulin ratio (p=0...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075534/nt-probnp-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-nutritional-status-in-hemodialysis-patients
#12
Jacques Ducros, Laurent Larifla, Henri Merault, Lydia Foucan
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the association between NT-proBNP and malnutrition in HD patients while taking into account the four established categories of parameters for diagnosis of protein energy wasting (PEW). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in Afro-Caribbean dialysis patients. One component in each of the 4 categories for the wasting syndrome was retained: serum albumin ≤ 38 g/L, BMI ≤ 23 Kg/m2 , serum creatinine ≤ 818  µ mol/L, and normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR) ≤ 0...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064181/a-mayo-clinic-13-year-investigation-of-the-syndrome-of-rapid-onset-esrd-among-renal-transplant-recipients-an-analysis-of-the-implications-of-renal-allograft-biopsy-results
#13
REVIEW
Macaulay Amechi Onuigbo, Nneoma Agbasi
INTRODUCTION: We first described the syndrome of rapid onset end stage renal disease (SORO-ESRD), acute yet irreversible renal failure, in 2010. OBJECTIVE: The impact of SORO-ESRD renal allograft survival remains speculative and we plan to study this question. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of individual adult patient-level serum creatinine trajectories of ESRD patients on maintenance hemodialysis for >90 days at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, 2001-2013...
October 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983900/predicting-tissue-plasminogen-activator-use-and-success-in-in-center-hemodialysis-patients
#14
Sarah Daisy Kosa, Chenglin Ye, Lehana Thabane, Amiram Gafni, Charmaine E Lok
INTRODUCTION: Hemodialysis catheter malfunction is problematic. We aimed to determine clinical, catheter, and hemodialysis variables that predict: (i) catheter malfunction requiring recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator (TPA) treatment and (ii) the success of TPA administration. METHODS: Clinical, catheter, and hemodialysis variables were collected from a cohort of 559 catheters (141,526 catheter days) in 175 hemodialysis patients (2008-2011). Time to, and predictors of, catheter malfunction were determined for all catheters and primary catheters only, analyzed by Cox-proportional hazard model, multi-variable logistic regression model, and mixed-effect logistic regression models...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890326/taurolidine-based-catheter-lock-regimen-significantly-reduces-overall-costs-infection-and-dysfunction-rates-of-tunneled-hemodialysis-catheters
#15
Wolfgang Winnicki, Harald Herkner, Matthias Lorenz, Ammon Handisurya, Željko Kikić, Bernhard Bielesz, Benjamin Schairer, Thomas Reiter, Farsad Eskandary, Gere Sunder-Plassmann, Guerkan Sengoelge
Catheter-related infections and dysfunction are the main catheter complications causing morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. However, there are no consistent data for the choice of catheter lock solutions for tunneled hemodialysis lines. In this prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, two lock regimens using three commercial catheter lock solutions were compared in 106 hemodialysis patients with a newly inserted tunneled central catheter. In the taurolidine group, TauroLock™-Hep500 was used twice per week and TauroLock™-U25,000 once a week...
September 7, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862725/longitudinal-dialysis-adequacy-and-clinical-performance-of-the-vectorflow-hemodialysis-catheter-a-prospective-study
#16
John R Ross, Tatiana A Puga, Thomas E Philbeck
PURPOSE: To report clinical performance and longitudinal assessment of hemodialysis adequacy with the Arrow-Clark VectorFlow catheter, a symmetrical-tip device with a distal lumen configuration designed to reduce platelet shear stress and catheter thrombosis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We prospectively enrolled patients who required de novo placement of a chronic tunneled catheter for hemodialysis or exchange of a dysfunctional catheter as part of an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved protocol...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822660/prospective-randomized-study-of-long-term-hemodialysis-catheter-removal-versus-guidewire-exchange-to-treat-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hossam M Saleh, Mohamed M Tawfik, Hesham Abouellail
BACKGROUND: Long-term (tunneled cuffed) hemodialysis catheters are frequently used vascular access in renal failure patients. Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a common complication of long-term hemodialysis catheters, with severe morbidities and high risk of mortality. Management of CRBSI by systemic antibiotics while keeping the catheter in place is not effective. Among the different modalities of CRBSI management are catheter removal (CR) and guidewire exchange (GE) of the catheter...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777417/outcomes-of-three-types-of-native-arteriovenous-fistula-in-a-single-center
#18
Emiliano Chisci, Linda M Harris, Francesco Menici, Pierfrancesco Frosini, Eugenio Romano, Nicola Troisi, Leonardo Ercolini, Stefano Michelagnoli
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcomes of three different types of native arteriovenous fistula (AVF), the distal (D: radial-cephalic), middle-arm (MA: radial-cephalic) and proximal (P: brachial-cephalic) AVF access creation for hemodialysis patients in a single center. METHODS: An 8-year retrospective review, from 2006 to 2014, was conducted at a single institution in which the surgical outcomes for three different types of native AVF creation were reviewed. Preoperative duplex vein mapping was obtained in all patients to choose the best vein and site for access...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717371/the-effects-of-probiotic-supplement-on-hemoglobin-in-chronic-renal-failure-patients-under-hemodialysis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Zahra Shariaty, Gholam Reza Mahmoodi Shan, Mehran Farajollahi, Monireh Amerian, Naser Behnam Pour
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation is one of the causes of anemia in chronic renal failure patients under hemodialysis. Probiotics probably establish a balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The study was conducted to determine the effects of probiotic supplementation on hemoglobin (Hb) in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A parallel clinical trial was conducted in which patients were randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group (n = 18) was given a 500 mg probiotic supplement (a capsule) every day whereas the control group (n = 18) received placebo (a capsule), both for 3 months...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702138/prevalence-and-clinical-features-of-cryptosporidium-infection-in-hemodialysis-patients
#20
Mohammad Ali Mohaghegh, Seyed Hossein Hejazi, Mohsen Ghomashlooyan, Hamed Kalani, Farzaneh Mirzaei, Mehdi Azami
AIM: This cross-sectional study aims to assess the prevalence of Cryptosporidium in hemodialysis patients compared with healthy individuals in central Iran from August 2014 to January 2015. BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidiosis is a major cause of acute and persistent diarrhea with significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients such as those undergoing renal dialysis. METHODS: Three stool samples were collected from 330 hemodialysis patients and 150 healthy individuals on 3 consecutive days...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
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