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orthodontics, dentistry, orthodontic

Nikisha Mehta, Zoe Marshman
BackgroundThis systematic appraisal was conducted to determine if the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal (EBDJ) acts as a reliable and contemporary source of knowledge for practitioners across all disciplines within dentistry.ObjectivesThe main objectives were to determine i) the year the articles were published and included in the EBDJ; ii) if the articles published covered all fields equally within dentistry; iii) the type of study design of the articles reported in the journal and; iv) the level of expertise of the writers of the commentaries...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Federico Gelpi, Daniele De Santis, Simone Marconcini, Francesco Briguglio, Marco Finotti
This clinical report illustrates a multidisciplinary approach for the rehabilitation of a young adult patient affected by a bilateral edentulous space and an anterior deep bite. The patient required orthodontics and surgical corticotomy and implantology (both performed with a piezo device). A multidisciplinary planning approach, including orthodontics, oral and periodontic surgery, and restorative dentistry, has an important role in the final outcome of treatment. In fact a dental class I occlusion has been established only on the right side...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Christian Wehner, Klara Janjić, Hermann Agis
Plasmin is a proteolytic enzyme that is crucial in fibrinolysis. In oral tissues, the plasminogen system plays an essential role in physiological and pathological processes, which in addition to fibrinolysis include degradation of extracellular matrix, inflammation, immune response, angiogenesis, tissue remodeling, cell migration, and wound healing. Oral tissues reveal a change in the plasminogen system during pathological processes such as periodontitis, peri-implantitis, or pulpitis, as well as in response to mechanical load...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Fernanda P Bragatto, Mariliani Chicarelli, Amanda Vb Kasuya, Wilton M Takeshita, Liogi Iwaki-Filho, Lilian Cv Iwaki
INTRODUCTION: The golden proportion has been used in dentistry in an attempt to improve facial function and, possibly, esthetics by simplifying the diagnosis of facial and dental disharmony. The aim of this study is to analyze pre- and postoperative cephalometric tracings of lateral cephalograms of patients with class II and III deformities submitted to orthognathic surgery, and verify if the 13 dental-skeletal patterns (ratios), as defined by Ricketts, moved closer to or further away from the golden proportion...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Federico Tirone, Stefano Salzano, Erik Rolando
BACKGROUND: Microdontia of the maxillary anterior teeth occurs quite frequently but is poorly documented. The literature describes several treatment choices, which are often focused on an orthodontic approach rather than a restorative one. The latest trends in restorative dentistry and the new ceramic materials, such as lithium disilicate, allow clinicians to perform esthetic rehabilitations based on microinvasive approaches that are most appropriate for younger patients. SUMMARY: Four patients, all employed in the field of dentistry, presented at our dental practice complaining of diastemata between their maxillary anterior teeth...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Elena Nazarova, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
The aims of this study were to assess features of an academic career that dental specialty residents, as a group and by gender, find most attractive and to identify what determines their expectations for responsibilities and professional growth in academic employment. In November 2013, an invitation to participate in the study along with a link to an online survey was sent to the 407 U.S. program directors of six of the dental specialties (endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, and orthodontics), asking them to forward the survey to their residents...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
S Listl, C M Faggion, H J Staehle
Dental treatment planning is usually expected to take account of the individual patient's clinical risks and benefits. Ideally, the therapeutic choice for each and every patient should be based on adequate clinical diagnostics and risk assessment that facilitates stabilization of the patient's clinical condition as well as prevents further oral impairment. However, identification of the most suitable approach tends to become more and more challenging as the number of therapeutic alternatives continues to increase due to medical innovation...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
Eliane Hermes Dutra, Ravindra Nanda, Sumit Yadav
The tooth-periodontal ligament-alveolar bone complex acts symbiotically to dissipate the mechanical loads incurred during mastication and/or orthodontic tooth movement. The periodontal ligament functions both in the tension and compression. At the molecular and celleular levels, the loads in the periodontal ligament trigger mechanobiological events in the alveolar bone, which leads to bone modeling and remodeling. The current review focuses on the bone response to mechanical loading of the periodontal ligament on the tension and pressure sides...
September 28, 2016: Current Osteoporosis Reports
A S M Gilmour, A Welply, J G Cowpe, A D Bullock, R J Jones
Objective To investigate the self-reported confidence and preparedness of final year undergraduate students in undertaking a range of clinical procedures.Methods A questionnaire was distributed to final year dental students at Cardiff University, six months prior to graduation. Respondents rated their confidence in undertaking 39 clinical procedures using a 5-point scale (1 = can undertake on own with confidence, 5 = unable to undertake). Students also responded yes/no to experiencing four difficulties and to three statements about general preparedness...
September 23, 2016: British Dental Journal
P Singh
An allegation calling a dental professional's Fitness to Practise (FtP) into question is probably one of the most stressful events a General Dental Council (GDC) registrant could face during their career. The practise of dentistry is experiencing unprecedented levels of complaints against registrants with orthodontics traditionally being seen as a low risk area. However, as a recently appointed clinical advisor and expert witness to the GDC, I can testify this may no longer be the case. The last twelve months has seen me provide advice on seven cases associated with orthodontics...
September 23, 2016: British Dental Journal
Harsh S Patel, Anil M Managutti, Shailesh Menat, Arvind Agarwal, Dishan Shah, Jigar Patel
INTRODUCTION: Tooth extraction is one of the most commonly performed procedures in dentistry. It is usually a traumatic procedure often resulting in immediate destruction and loss of alveolar bone and surrounding soft tissues. Various instruments have been described to perform atraumatic extractions which can prevent damage to the paradental structures. Recently developed physics forceps is one of the instruments which is claimed to perform atraumatic extractions. AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of physics forceps with conventional forceps in terms of operating time, prevention of marginal bone loss & soft tissue loss, postoperative pain and postoperative complications following bilateral premolar extractions for orthodontic purpose...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ashraf I Shaweesh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at providing the first standards on the timing of third molar eruption in Jordanians. METHODS: A total of 571 healthy Jordanian adolescents and young adults aged 15-27 years (275 males and 296 females distributed into one-year age groups) were clinically examined for third molar eruption. Presence of four clinical eruption stages from crown emergence to full eruption were counted and expressed each as a frequency relative to the total of participants within a given age group...
August 26, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Leonardo T Camardella, Eduardo Kant C Rothier, Oswaldo V Vilella, Edwin M Ongkosuwito, Karel Hero Breuning
BACKGROUND: A plaster dental model is a patient's traditional three-dimensional (3D) record. If the dental crowns from a plaster model are separated and positioned in wax, this setup of the crowns can be used to simulate orthodontic treatment. The traditional way to make this dental setup requires significant time by the orthodontist and in the orthodontic lab. New developments in dentistry and orthodontics include the possibility of virtual setups. AIM: In this article, the differences between conventional setups with plaster models and virtual setups are discussed...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Dániel Palkovics, István Gera
BACKGROUND: The dimension of attached gingiva is a very important landmark in the periodontal health, and determine the function of the mucogingival unit, the progression of marginal inflammation and also affects aesthetic dentistry, orthodontics and implantology. The determination of gingival/periodontal biotype is important in dental/periodontal practice. Hence, the aim of this cross sectional clinical study was to assess the width and thickness of attached gingiva in young, periodontally healthy individuals and to provide anthropometric data in Hungary...
June 2016: Fogorvosi Szemle
J Nowak, C Erbe, I Hauck, D A Groneberg, I Hermanns, R Ellegast, D Ditchen, D Ohlendorf
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a kinematic comparison of occupational posture in orthodontists and dentists in their workplace. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Dentist surgeries and departments of orthodontics at university medical centres in Germany. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 21 (10 female, 11 male) dentists (group G1) and 21 (13 female, 8 male) orthodontists (G2) with one male dropout in G2. OUTCOME MEASURES: The CUELA (computer-assisted acquisition and long-term analysis of musculoskeletal loads) system was used to analyse occupational posture...
2016: BMJ Open
Paul F Ashley, Susan Parekh, David R Moles, Prabhleen Anand, Laura C I MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Fear of dental pain is a major barrier to treatment for children who need dental care. The use of preoperative analgesics has the potential to reduce postoperative discomfort and intraoperative pain. We reviewed the available evidence to determine whether further research is warranted and to inform the development of prescribing guidelines. This is an update of a Cochrane review published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of preoperative analgesics for intraoperative or postoperative pain relief (or both) in children and adolescents undergoing dental treatment without general anaesthesia or sedation...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
David Veale, Lucinda J Gledhill, Polyxeni Christodoulou, John Hodsoll
Our aim was to systematically review the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in a variety of settings. Weighted prevalence estimate and 95% confidence intervals in each study were calculated. The weighted prevalence of BDD in adults in the community was estimated to be 1.9%; in adolescents 2.2%; in student populations 3.3%; in adult psychiatric inpatients 7.4%; in adolescent psychiatric inpatients 7.4%; in adult psychiatric outpatients 5.8%; in general cosmetic surgery 13.2%; in rhinoplasty surgery 20...
September 2016: Body Image
Shikhar Pratap Chauhan, Divya S Sharma, M L Jain
OBJECTIVE: The cross-arch space maintainers are used to prevent mesio-distal movement of teeth under physiologic forces, contrary to adult orthodontics where these are used as anchorage against orthodontic forces. Stresses in periodontal ligaments (PDL) are supposed to be different in pediatric dentistry and need to be studied. This study aimed to create mathematical model and calculated the initial stresses generated in the PDL and the behavior of movement in developing permanent maxillary first molar under masticatory forces using 3D finite element analyses (FEA)...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Thikriat S Al-Jewair, Mohammad A Hamidaddin, Hamdan M Alotaibi, Nasser D Alqahtani, Sahar F Albarakati, Eman A Alkofide, Khalid A Al-Moammar
OBJECTIVES: To identify the retention protocols practiced by orthodontists in Saudi Arabia, and the factors affecting retainer choice.  METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place between February and March of 2015 at the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia. A previously tested electronic survey of 34 items was sent to all 1,200 orthodontic members of the Saudi Orthodontic Society. The questionnaire elicited data on the subjects' demographics, orthodontic treatment practices, retention, and post-retention protocols...
August 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
H Popat, K Thomas, D J J Farnell
Objective To determine general dental practitioners' (GDPs) confidence in managing orthodontic emergencies.Design Cross-sectional study.Setting Primary dental care.Subjects and methods An online survey was distributed to dentists practicing in Wales. The survey collected basic demographic information and included descriptions of ten common orthodontic emergency scenarios.Main outcome measure Respondents' self-reported confidence in managing the orthodontic emergency scenarios on a 5-point Likert scale. Differences between the Likert responses and the demographic variables were investigated using chi-squared tests...
July 8, 2016: British Dental Journal
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