keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

aggressive behavior

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231576/molecular-markers-involved-in-tumorigenesis-of-thyroid-carcinoma-focus-on-aggressive-histotypes
#1
Gustavo C Penna, Fernanda Vaisman, Mario Vaisman, Manuel Sobrinho-Simões, Paula Soares
Thyroid cancer derived from follicular cells (TCDFC) comprises well-differentiated (papillary and follicular) carcinoma, poorly differentiated carcinoma, and anaplastic carcinoma. Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common endocrine cancer, and its incidence is steadily increasing. Lethality and aggressiveness of TCDFC is inversely correlated with differentiation degree. In this review, an emphasis has been put on molecular markers involved in tumorigenesis of thyroid carcinoma with a focus on aggressive histotypes and the role of such biomarkers in predicting thyroid cancer outcome...
February 24, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230593/hemangiopericytoma-arose-from-the-site-of-meningioma-resection
#2
Xiang Wang, Xiejun Zhang, Qian Zhou, Xiuming Zhou, Lei Chen, Guodong Huang, Weiping Li
Intracranial hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is a rare tumor and accounts for 0.4% of all primary central nervous system tumors. However, it has aggressive behavior in growth and infiltration. The importance of diagnosis and treatment between HPC and meningioma cannot be overemphasized. It is rare that HPC arises from the site of benign meningioma resection. And it would be benefitted to take HPC into account when coming across a patient with meningioma "recurrence."
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230564/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-aggression-and-illicit-stimulant-use-is-this-self-medication
#3
Annie P Odell, Grace L Reynolds, Dennis G Fisher, Loucine M Huckabay, William C Pedersen, Pamela Xandre, Milica Miočević
This study compares adults with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on measures of direct and displaced aggression and illicit drug use. Three hundred ninety-six adults were administered the Wender Utah Rating Scale, the Risk Behavior Assessment, the Aggression Questionnaire (AQ), and the Displaced Aggression Questionnaire (DAQ). Those with ADHD were higher on all scales of the AQ and DAQ, were younger at first use of amphetamines, and were more likely to have ever used crack and amphetamines...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223811/risk-assessment-of-aggressive-behavior-in-chinese-patients-with-schizophrenia-by-fmri-and-comt-gene
#4
Xiaoli Tang, Jun Jin, Yi Tang, Jinbo Cao, Junjie Huang
BACKGROUND: Blood-oxygen-level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) maps cerebral activity by the hemodynamic response. Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene is involved in the metabolism of dopamine. It is reported that both of these can be used to assess the aggression risk in patients with schizophrenia. However, these methods to assess the aggression risk patients with schizophrenia have not been established in China. Therefore, we deliver here a systematic review and meta-analysis based on the studies dealing with Chinese patients...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222513/clinical-effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-of-dementia
#5
Moshe Isserles, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Sanjeev Kumar, Tarek K Rajji, Daniel M Blumberger
BACKGROUND: Dementia frequently presents with aggression, agitation, and disorganized behavior for which current treatment is partially effective and is associated with significant adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the clinical effectiveness and tolerability of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in a sample of patients with neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia (NPS) and to explore factors associated with response and with cognitive adverse effects...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222509/galantamine-response-associates-with-agitation-and-the-prefrontal-cortex-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Sachiko Nakayama, Akimitsu Suda, Hajime Nakanishi, Yumiko Motoi, Nobutaka Hattori
Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) occur in up to 80% of AD patients and represent one of the largest factors contributing to caregiver burden. To analyze the effect of galantamine on BPSD and caregiver burden, we treated a total of 50 patients with mild AD for 12 weeks and evaluated them using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) and Japanese version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (ZBI). We also performed regional cerebral blood flow single photon emission computed tomography (rCBF SPECT) at baseline using three-dimensional sterotatic surface projections...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221830/from-individual-to-group-territoriality-competitive-environments-promote-the-evolution-of-sociality
#7
Markus Port, Oliver Schülke, Julia Ostner
In many animal species individuals compete for the sole possession of a breeding territory, whereas in other species communal territories are shared among same-sex conspecifics. Under what conditions does natural selection favor the evolution of individual territoriality, and under what conditions does it favor the evolution of sociality? We develop a self-consistent game-theoretic model that allows for feedbacks between evolutionary and population dynamics. In this model, nonresident floaters can chose between three strategies: they can wait for a territory vacancy to arise, they can try to forcefully take over an already-occupied territory, or they can share a territory with an established resident...
March 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221826/the-behavioral-type-of-a-top-predator-drives-the-short-term-dynamic-of-intraguild-predation
#8
Radek Michalko, Stano Pekár
Variation in behavior among individual top predators (i.e., the behavioral type) can strongly shape pest suppression in intraguild predation (IGP). However, the effect of a top predator's behavioral type-namely, foraging aggressiveness (number of killed divided by prey time) and prey choosiness (preference degree for certain prey type)-on the dynamic of IGP may interact with the relative abundances of top predator, mesopredator, and pest. We investigated the influence of the top predator's behavioral type on the dynamic of IGP in a three-species system with a top predator spider, a mesopredator spider, and a psyllid pest using a simulation model...
March 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221065/the-american-psychological-association-task-force-assessment-of-violent-video-games-science-in-the-service-of-public-interest
#9
Sandra L Calvert, Mark Appelbaum, Kenneth A Dodge, Sandra Graham, Gordon C Nagayama Hall, Sherry Hamby, Lauren G Fasig-Caldwell, Martyna Citkowicz, Daniel P Galloway, Larry V Hedges
A task force of experts was convened by the American Psychological Association (APA) to update the knowledge and policy about the impact of violent video game use on potential adverse outcomes. This APA Task Force on Media Violence examined the existing literature, including the meta-analyses in the field, since the last APA report on media violence in 2005. Because the most recent meta-analyses were published in 2010 and reflected work through 2009, the task force conducted a search of the published studies from 2009-2013...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220371/multiple-nonsyndromic-acquired-basal-cell-carcinomas-uncommon-clinical-presentation-in-a-bulgarian-patient
#10
Georgi Tchernev, Ivan Pidakev, Ilia Lozev, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina
Basal cell carcinoma is the most frequent cutaneous neoplasm, with slowly progressive nature and locally invasive behavior. Despite the low metastatic potential, local tissue destruction and disfigurement caused by the tumor can be large if not eradicated in time by early diagnosis and treatment. Both genetic predisposition and exposure to environmental risks are involved in the pathogenesis of the malignant transformation in BCC. The total number of nonmelanocytic skin cancers is a risk factor for recurrence of previous tumor, on the one hand, as well as for the formation of new ones, on the other...
February 20, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220086/students-wearing-police-uniforms-exhibit-biased-attention-toward-individuals-wearing-hoodies
#11
Ciro Civile, Sukhvinder S Obhi
Police provide an essential public service and they often operate in difficult circumstances, requiring high-speed cognition. Recent incidents involving apparent profiling and aggressive behavior have led to accusations that the police are sometimes biased. Given that previous research has shown a link between clothing and cognition, we investigated the question of whether the police uniform itself might induce a bias in social attention. To address this question, and using a Canadian university student sample, we assessed whether wearing a police uniform biases attention toward black faces compared to white faces, and low-status individuals compared to high-status individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219962/psychological-manifestations-of-celiac-disease-autoimmunity-in-young-children
#12
Laura B Smith, Kristian F Lynch, Kalle Kurppa, Sibylle Koletzko, Jeffrey Krischer, Edwin Liu, Suzanne Bennett Johnson, Daniel Agardh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychological symptoms can be associated with celiac disease; however, this association has not been studied prospectively in a pediatric cohort. We examined mother report of psychological functioning in children persistently positive for tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTGA), defined as celiac disease autoimmunity (CDA), compared with children without CDA in a screening population of genetically at-risk children. We also investigated differences in psychological symptoms based on mothers' awareness of their child's CDA status...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219403/the-kiva-antibullying-program-in-primary-schools-in-chile-with-and-without-the-digital-game-component-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Jorge Gaete, Daniela Valenzuela, Cristian Rojas-Barahona, Eduardo Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya, Christina Salmivalli
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a major problem worldwide and Chile is no exception. Bullying is defined as a systematic aggressive behavior against a victim who cannot defend him or herself. Victims suffer social isolation and psychological maladjustment, while bullies have a higher risk for conduct problems and substance use disorders. These problems appear to last over time. The KiVa antibullying program has been evaluated in Finland and other European countries, showing preventive effects on victimization and self-reported bullying...
February 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219026/cognitive-remediation-and-social-cognitive-training-for-violence-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
C Darmedru, C Demily, N Franck
: A significant correlation exists between violence and schizophrenia (SCZ). Recent studies matched some cognitive deficits like strong risk factors for violence with interesting applications in terms of treatment. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of cognitive remediation (CR) and social cognitive training (SCT) in the management of violent and aggressive behaviors in SCZ. METHODS: The electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and ScienceDirect were searched in, using combinations of terms relating to SCZ, CR and violence...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217970/anxiety-symptoms-as-a-moderator-of-the-reciprocal-links-between-forms-of-aggression-and-peer-victimization-in-middle-childhood
#15
John L Cooley, Andrew L Frazer, Paula J Fite, Shaquanna Brown, Moneika DiPierro
The current short-term longitudinal study evaluated whether anxiety symptoms moderated the bidirectional associations between forms (i.e., physical and relational) of aggression and peer victimization over a 1-year period during middle childhood. Participants were 228 predominantly Caucasian children (50.4% boys; M = 8.32 years, SD = .95 years) in the second through fourth grades and their homeroom teachers. Children completed a self-report measure of anxiety symptoms at Time 1. Peer victimization was assessed using self-reports at Time 1 and approximately 1 year later (Time 2), and teachers provided ratings of children's aggressive behavior at both time points...
February 20, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217827/bidirectional-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-functions-of-aggression-in-middle-childhood-further-evaluation-across-informants-and-academic-years
#16
John L Cooley, Paula J Fite, Casey A Pederson
The current 3-wave study examined bidirectional associations between peer victimization and functions of aggression across informants over a 1-year period in middle childhood, with attention to potential gender differences. Participants included 198 children (51% girls) in the third and fourth grades and their homeroom teachers. Peer victimization was assessed using both child- and teacher-reports, and teachers provided ratings of reactive and proactive aggression. Cross-classified multilevel cross-lagged models indicated that child-reports, but not teacher-reports, of peer victimization predicted higher levels of reactive aggression within and across academic years...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217651/differential-immune-reactivity-pattern-of-sw48-and-sw1116-colorectal-cancer-cell-lines-with-colorectal-cancer-patients-sera
#17
Ghasem Ghalamfarsa, Seyyed Vahid Hosseini, Maryam Hamidinia, Abbas Ghaderi, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Zahra Mojtahedi
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide. It is also known as the second leading cause of deaths as the early stage detection is not yet available by current methods. So identification of biomarkers can also be functional in early diagnosis and prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined sera from 60 CRC patients of different stages as a source of auto-antibody as well as two human CRC cell lines with different invasive capacities (SW48 and SW1116) as the source of antigens...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216773/staff-and-caregiver-attitude-to-coercion-in-india
#18
B N Raveesh, S Pathare, E O Noorthoorn, G S Gowda, P Lepping, J G F Bunders-Aelen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess attitudes of Indian psychiatrists and caregivers toward coercion. MATERIALS AND: Methods: The study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry, Krishna Rajendra Hospital, Mysore, India. Staff Attitude to Coercion Scale (SACS), a 15-item questionnaire, was administered to self-selected psychiatrists across India and caregivers from Mysore to measure attitudes on coercion. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and investigating differences in subgroups by means of Chi-square test, Student's t-test, and analysis of variance...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215899/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-cortical-metabolic-activity-associated-with-distinct-agitation-behaviors-in-alzheimer-disease
#19
Gali H Weissberger, Rebecca J Melrose, Theresa A Narvaez, Dylan Harwood, Mark A Mandelkern, David L Sultzer
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the neurobiologic correlates of two distinct clusters of agitation symptoms to identify the unique biologic substrates underlying agitated behaviors. METHODS: Eighty-eight outpatients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease (AD) were recruited from the VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System Geropsychiatry Outpatient Program. A cross-sectional investigation was conducted of the relationship between cerebral glucose metabolism measured via (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and agitated symptoms from the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) in patients with AD...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215022/reciprocal-relations-between-the-trajectories-of-mothers-harsh-discipline-responsiveness-and-aggression-in-early-childhood
#20
Nazli Baydar, Berna Akcinar
Theoretical advances in the study of the development of aggressive behaviors indicate that parenting behaviors and child aggression mutually influence one another. This study contributes to the body of empirical research in this area by examining the development of child aggression, maternal responsiveness, and maternal harsh discipline, using 5-year longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of Turkish children (n = 1009; 469 girls and 582 boys). Results indicated that: (i) maternal responsiveness and harsh discipline at age 3 were associated with the subsequent linear trajectory of aggression; (ii) reciprocally, aggressive behaviors at age 3 were associated with the subsequent linear trajectories of these two types of parenting behaviors; (iii) deviations from the linear trajectories of the child and mother behaviors tended to be short lived; and, (iv) the deviations of child behaviors from the linear trajectories were associated with the subsequent changes in mother behaviors after age 5...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
keyword
keyword
3505
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"