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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653508/evaluation-of-the-use-of-a-sensory-room-on-an-adolescent-inpatient-unit-and-its-impact-on-restraint-and-seclusion-prevention
#1
Angela Seckman, Olimpia Paun, Biljana Heipp, Marie Van Stee, Vonda Keels-Lowe, Frank Beel, Cari Spoon, Louis Fogg, Kathleen R Delaney
TOPIC: Restraint and seclusion (R/S) reduction initiatives require multimodal efforts, particularly proactive approaches to facilitate patients' regulation. Sensory approaches are an increasingly popular method for helping patients self-regulate. A plan-do-check-act quality improvement model was used to measure practical aspects of a newly implemented sensory room on an adolescent psychiatric inpatient unit. PURPOSE: This article describes an adolescent unit's implementation processes and methods used to evaluate a sensory room and its impact on R/S use, staff-patient relationships, and patients' aggressive behaviors...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653451/identifying-and-distinguishing-value-profiles-in-american-and-israeli-adolescents
#2
Stephen Ungvary, Kristina L McDonald, Maya Benish-Weisman
Although research has examined how values are correlated with behavior, little has examined how the system of values predicts behavior. In a cross-cultural sample of American (109 European American; 216 African American) and Israeli (318 Arab Israeli; 216 Jewish Israeli) adolescents, the present study used latent profile analysis to identify groups which reflected the theoretical structure of values across both cultures. Four profiles were found: self-focused, anxiety-free, other-focused, and undifferentiated...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652022/chsy1-promotes-aggressive-phenotypes-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-via-activation-of-the-hedgehog-signaling-pathway
#3
Chiung-Hui Liu, To-Jung Tseng, Jui-Feng Chou, Chyn-Tair Lan, Wen-Chieh Liao
Abnormal expression of chondroitin sulfate has been found in many types of cancer, while its biological functions in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression remain uninvestigated. Here, we report that chondroitin sulfate synthase 1 (CHSY1), the enzyme that mediates the polymerization step of chondroitin sulfate, is a critical mediator of malignant character in HCC that acts via modulating the activity of the hedgehog signaling. CHSY1 was up-regulated frequently in HCC where these events were associated with worse histologic grade and poor survival...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650197/anger-hostility-and-hospitalizations-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#4
Felicia Keith, David S Krantz, Rusan Chen, Kristie M Harris, Catherine M Ware, Amy K Lee, Paula G Bellini, Stephen S Gottlieb
OBJECTIVE: Heart failure patients have a high hospitalization rate, and anger and hostility are associated with coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality. Using structural equation modeling, this prospective study assessed the predictive validity of anger and hostility traits for cardiovascular and all-cause rehospitalizations in patients with heart failure. METHOD: 146 heart failure patients were administered the STAXI and Cook-Medley Hostility Inventory to measure anger, hostility, and their component traits...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649583/effects-of-alcohol-on-human-aggression
#5
Dominic J Parrott, Christopher I Eckhardt
There is little debate that alcohol is a contributing cause of aggressive behavior. The extreme complexity of this relation, however, has been the focus of extensive theory and research. And, likely due to this complexity, evidence-based programs to prevent or reduce alcohol-facilitated aggression are quite limited. We integrate I(3) Theory and Alcohol Myopia Theory to provide a framework that (1) organizes the myriad instigatory and inhibitory factors that moderate the effect of alcohol on aggression, and (2) highlights the mechanisms by which alcohol facilitates aggression among at-risk individuals...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649569/environmental-enrichment-for-broiler-breeders-an-undeveloped-field
#6
REVIEW
Anja B Riber, Ingrid C de Jong, Heleen A van de Weerd, Sanna Steenfeldt
Welfare problems, such as hunger, frustration, aggression, and abnormal sexual behavior, are commonly found in broiler breeder production. To prevent or reduce these welfare problems, it has been suggested to provide stimulating enriched environments. We review the effect of the different types of environmental enrichment for broiler breeders, which have been described in the scientific literature, on behavior and welfare. Environmental enrichment is defined as an improvement of the environment of captive animals, which increases the behavioral opportunities of the animal and leads to improvements in biological function...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648995/when-the-ball-is-in-the-female-s-court-how-the-scramble-competition-mating-system-of-the-north-american-red-squirrel-has-shaped-male-physiology-and-testosterone-dynamics
#7
Rudy Boonstra, Adam Dušek, Jeffrey E Lane, Stan Boutin
Male reproductive success in most mammals is determined by their success in direct inter-male competition through aggression and conflict, resulting in female-defense mating systems being predominant. This is linked to male testosterone levels and its dynamics. However, in certain environments, a scramble-competition mating system has evolved, where female reproductive behavior takes precedence and male testosterone dynamics are unlikely to be related to inter-male competition. We studied the North American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), a species with a well-established scramble-competition system...
June 22, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648939/prognostic-impact-of-egfr-and-cytokeratin-5-6-immunohistochemical-expression-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#8
Aziza E Abdelrahman, Hayam E Rashed, Mohamed Abdelgawad, Mohamed I Abdelhamid
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has an aggressive behavior and limited therapeutic options due to lack of targeted therapy. We aimed in this study to assess the immunohistochemical expression of EGFR and cytokeratin 5/6 and their ability to predict survival and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) among triple-negative breast cancer patients. Thirty-five cases with TNBC were studied by immunohistochemistry for EGFR and CK5/6 expression. Data on overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and response to NAC were collected...
June 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647839/do-bumble-bee-bombus-impatiens-queens-signal-their-reproductive-and-mating-status-to-their-workers
#9
Etya Amsalem, Mario Padilla, Paul M Schreiber, Naomi S Altman, Abraham Hefetz, Christina M Grozinger
Reproduction in social insect societies reflects a delicate balance between cooperation and conflict over offspring production, and worker reproduction is widespread even in species showing strong reproductive skew in favor of the queen. To navigate these conflicts, workers are predicted to develop the means to estimate the queen's fecundity - potentially through behavioral and/or chemical cues - and to adjust their reproduction to maximize their fitness. Here, we introduced bumble bee, Bombus impatiens, workers to queens of different mating and reproductive status and examined worker reproduction and expression levels of two genes which were previously shown to be sensitive to the presence of the queen, vitellogenin and Krüppel-homolog 1...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647675/abstinence-from-prolonged-ethanol-exposure-affects-plasma-corticosterone-glucocorticoid-receptor-signaling-and-stress-related-behaviors
#10
Sucharita S Somkuwar, Leandro F Vendruscolo, McKenzie J Fannon, Brooke E Schmeichel, Tran Bao Nguyen, Jasmin Guevara, Harpreet Sidhu, Candice Contet, Eric P Zorrilla, Chitra D Mandyam
Alcohol dependence is linked to dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Here, we investigated effects of repeated ethanol intoxication-withdrawal cycles (using chronic intermittent ethanol vapor inhalation; CIE) and abstinence from CIE on peak and nadir plasma corticosterone (CORT) levels. Irritability- and anxiety-like behaviors as well as glucocorticoid receptors (GR) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) were assessed at various intervals (2h-28d) after cessation of CIE. Results show that peak CORT increased during CIE, transiently decreased during early abstinence (1-11d), and returned to pre-abstinence levels during protracted abstinence (17-27d)...
June 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647673/constitutive-differences-in-glucocorticoid-responsiveness-to-stress-are-related-to-variation-in-aggression-and-anxiety-related-behaviors
#11
Sophie E Walker, Olivia Zanoletti, Isabelle Guillot de Suduiraut, Carmen Sandi
Glucocorticoids coordinate responses that enable an individual to cope with stressful challenges and, additionally, mediate adaptation following cessation of a stressor. There are important individual differences in the magnitude of glucocorticoid responsiveness to stressors. However, whether individual differences in glucocorticoid responsiveness to stress are linked to different behavioral strategies in coping with social and non-social challenges is not easily studied, owing to the lack of appropriate animal models...
June 16, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647436/social-judgments-frontal-asymmetry-and-aggressive-behavior-in-young-children-a-replication-study-using-eeg
#12
Ilse C van Wijk, Bianca G van den Bulk, Saskia Euser, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Renske Huffmeijer
Early in their lives young children are confronted with social judgments by peers. Previous studies have shown that in adults negative social judgments are associated with more aggressive behavior. However, little is known about the relation between social judgments and aggressive behavior, or the underlying neurocognitive mechanisms, in early childhood. We developed the Social Network Aggression Task - Early Childhood (SNAT-EC) to examine the mediating role of frontal EEG asymmetry in the relation between social judgment and aggressive behavior in 4-6 year old children...
June 21, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647212/combined-primary-hepatic-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-aggressive-biological-behavior-adverse-clinical-course-a-case-report
#13
Yukihiko Okumura, Kenichi Kohashi, Huanlin Wang, Masaki Kato, Yoshihiko Maehara, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Yoshinao Oda
Combined primary hepatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (PHNEC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a very rare malignant hepatic tumor. Its prognosis and histological features are uncertain. Here we report the case of such a tumor in a 70-year-old male Japanese patient with adverse prognosis. The patient underwent a right hepatic lobectomy for a tumor mass that measured 11×10cm in diameter located in the right lobe of the liver, treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and percutaneous transhepatic portal vein embolization (PTPE) therapy five weeks before the operation...
June 10, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646977/the-efficacy-of-conjoint-behavioral-consultation-in-the-home-setting-outcomes-and-mechanisms-in-rural-communities
#14
Susan M Sheridan, Amanda L Witte, Shannon R Holmes, ChaoRong Wu, Sonya A Bhatia, Samantha R Angell
This study reports the results of a randomized controlled trial examining the effect of Conjoint Behavioral Consultation (CBC), a family-school partnership intervention, on children's behaviors, parents' skills, and parent-teacher relationships in rural community and town settings. Participants were 267 children, 267 parents, and 152 teachers in 45 Midwestern schools. Using an Intent to Treat approach and data analyzed within a multilevel modeling framework, CBC yielded promising results for some but not all outcomes...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646974/testing-the-feasibility-of-a-briefer-school-based-preventive-intervention-with-aggressive-children-a-hybrid-intervention-with-face-to-face-and-internet-components
#15
John E Lochman, Caroline L Boxmeyer, Shannon Jones, Lixin Qu, David Ewoldsen, W Michael Nelson
This study describes the results from a feasibility study of an innovative indicated prevention intervention with hybrid face-to-face and web-based components for preadolescent youth. This intervention includes a considerably briefer set of face-to-face sessions from the evidence-based Coping Power program and a carefully integrated internet component with practice and teaching activities and cartoon videos for children and for parents. The Coping Power - Internet Enhanced (CP-IE) program introduces a set of cognitive-behavioral skills in 12 small group sessions for children delivered during the school day and 7 group sessions for parents...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646480/preschool-gender-typed-play-behavior-at-age-3-5%C3%A2-years-predicts-physical-aggression-at-age-13%C3%A2-years
#16
Karson T F Kung, Gu Li, Jean Golding, Melissa Hines
Gender differences in play behavior and physical aggression have been consistently reported. Theoretical perspectives concerning evolutionary, social, and social-cognitive mechanisms suggest that male-typical play behavior during childhood increases subsequent physical aggression. The evidence supporting these connections is limited, however. The present study investigated the association between gender-typed play behavior in early childhood and physical aggression in early adolescence using a sample drawn from a longitudinal, population study, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646328/parent-perceptions-of-medication-treatment-for-preschool-children-with-adhd
#17
Katie C Hart, Rosmary Ros, Victoria Gonzalez, Paulo A Graziano
This study sought to examine parent perceptions of medication use for 151 preschool children (M age  = 5.05 years, 78% male, 82% Hispanic/Latino) with or at-risk for ADHD who were medication naive. Parents completed questionnaires regarding family background and perceptions of medication treatment. Parents and teachers completed ratings of child diagnostic symptomatology, behavioral functioning, and functional impairment. Results indicate that only 45% of parents were open to the possibility of medication...
June 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645247/the-correlation-between-poor-prognosis-and-increased-yes-associated-protein-1-expression-in-keratin-19-expressing-hepatocellular-carcinomas-and-cholangiocarcinomas
#18
KyuHo Lee, Kyoung-Bun Lee, Hae Yoen Jung, Nam-Joon Yi, Kwang-Woong Lee, Kyung-Suk Suh, Ja-June Jang
BACKGROUND: The Hippo pathway plays a vital role in liver regeneration and development by determining cellular lineage and regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis. In this study, we aimed to assess the role of the Hippo pathway in hepatic carcinogenesis and morphogenesis by examining Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) expression in the spectrum of hepatic carcinomas based on cellular lineage. METHODS: We examined 913 primary hepatic carcinomas, including hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinomas (cHC-CCAs), intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (IHCCAs) and perihilar extrahepatic bile duct carcinomas (EHBCAs)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645056/serious-delinquency-and-later-schizophrenia-a-nationwide-register-based-follow-up-study-of-finnish-pretrial-15-to-19-year-old-offenders-sent-for-a-forensic-psychiatric-examination
#19
N Lindberg, J Miettunen, A Heiskala, R Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Aggressive and disruptive behaviors often precede the onset of schizophrenia. In this register-based follow-up study with a case-control design, we wanted to investigate if serious delinquency was associated with future diagnoses of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (here, broadly defined schizophrenia) among a nationwide consecutive sample of 15- to 19-year-old Finnish delinquents sent for a forensic psychiatric examination in 1989-2010. METHODS: The sample comprised 313 delinquents with no past or current psychotic disorder...
May 15, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644754/expression-of-enzymes-related-to-glucose-metabolism-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-prognosis
#20
Alexandra Giatromanolaki, Efthimios Sivridis, Stella Arelaki, Michael I Koukourakis
Purpose/Aim: Cancer cells are addicted to glycolytic anaerobic pathways, in presence or in absence of a functional Krebs' cycle (phenomenon Warburg). This metabolic predilection relies on both extracellular (impaired vascularization and oxygenation) and intracellular (oncogenic activation of genes) causes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the expression and prognostic relevance of enzymes involved in the glucose absorption and metabolism, monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) expression, MCT1 and MCT2, pentose pathway (Glucose-6-phospahte dehydrogenase G6PD), glycogene synthesis (glycogene synthase GYS1), glycolysis (Hexokinase HXKII, phosphofructokinase PFK1, fructose biphosphate aldolase), fate of pyruvate (pyruvate dehydrogenase PDH, phosphorylated pPDH, PDH kinase PDK1, lactate dehydrogenase LDH5 and LDH1) and key Kreb's cycle enzymes (citrate synthase CSynth and isocitrate dehydrogenase IDH)...
June 23, 2017: Experimental Lung Research
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