keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

aggressive behavior

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244954/single-atomic-layer-ferroelectric-on-silicon
#1
Mehmet Dogan, Stephanie Fernandez-Pena, Lior Kornblum, Yichen Jia, Divine Kumah, James Reiner, Zoran Krivokapic, Alexie M Kolpak, Sohrab Ismail-Beigi, Charles Ahn, Frederick Walker
A single atomic layer of ZrO2 exhibits ferroelectric switching behavior when grown with an atomically abrupt interface on silicon. Hysteresis in capacitance-voltage measurements of a ZrO2 gate stack demonstrates that a reversible polarization of the ZrO2 interface structure couples to the carriers in the silicon. First-principles computations confirm the existence of multiple stable polarization states and the energy shift in the semiconductor electron states that result from switching between these states...
December 15, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244625/the-role-of-oxytocin-and-vasopressin-in-attachment
#2
C Sue Carter
Selective relationships and attachments are central to human health and well-being, both in current societies and during the course of evolution. The presence or absence of social bonds has consequences across the lifespan. The neurobiology of attachment is grounded in neuroendocrine substrates that are shared with reproduction and survival. Experimental studies of species, such as sheep or prairie voles, capable of showing selective social behaviors toward offspring or partners, have provided empirical evidence for the role of oxytocin and vasopressin in the formation of selective attachments...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243496/increased-expression-of-cd44-is-associated-with-more-aggressive-behavior-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#3
Leili Saeednejad Zanjani, Zahra Madjd, Maryam Abolhasani, Arezoo Rasti, Oystein Fodstad, Yvonne Andersson, Mojgan Asgari
AIM: Although CD44 has been suggested as a prognostic marker in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the prognostic significance of this marker in three main subtypes of RCC is still unclear. Thus, the present study was conducted to evaluate the expression and prognostic significance of CD44 as a cancer stem cell marker in different histological subtypes of RCC. METHODOLOGY/RESULTS: CD44 expression was evaluated in 206 well-defined renal tumor samples using immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays...
December 15, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243197/dimensional-latent-structure-of-early-disruptive-behavior-disorders-a-taxometric-analysis-in-preschoolers
#4
Sören Kliem, Nina Heinrichs, Anna Lohmann, Regina Bussing, Gudrun Schwarzer, Wolfgang Briegel
Although disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) are used as a distinct categorical diagnosis in clinical practice, they have repeatedly been described as having a dimensional structure in taxometric analyses. In the current study the authors analyzed the latent status of disruptive behaviors (DB) in a large sample (N = 2,808) of German preschool children (2-6 years old, mean age 53.7 months, SD = 13.5, 48.4% girls). The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) as well as the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were used to compile indicators of the DB core dimensions (Temper Loss, Aggression, Noncompliance, and Low Concern for others)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243024/adenosquamous-carcinoma-of-the-tongue
#5
Yeshwant B Rawal, Kenneth M Anderson
A 51-year-old white female presented with a painful ulcer of the left ventrolateral tongue. An incisional biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of adenosquamous carcinoma. The adenosquamous carcinoma is an uncommon malignant tumor with histopathological features of a squamous carcinoma and an adenocarcinoma. A definitive diagnosis requires histopathological examination of a deep biopsy involving the submucosal tissue. This malignant tumor shows aggressive behavior with early invasive growth and a poor prognosis. The histopathological findings and differential diagnosis of a case of adenosquamous carcinoma of the tongue are discussed...
December 14, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241999/burn-how-implicit-and-explicit-attitudes-predict-early-adolescents-hot-sauce-aggression-toward-classroom-peers
#6
Tessa A M Lansu
The current study examined to what extent early adolescents' implicit and explicit evaluations of a classmate predict (a) their own aggressive behavior toward that classmate and (b) their classmate's aggressive behavior toward them. Implicit and explicit peer evaluations were assessed among 148 early adolescents (78 boys and 70 girls; Mage = 11.1 years) with an approach-avoidance task and a likeability rating. Adolescents' aggression was measured by the number of grams of hot sauce administered to the peer in a "taste test...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241416/culture-masculine-honor-and-violence-toward-women
#7
Ryan P Brown, Kiersten Baughman, Mauricio Carvallo
Prior research has connected the cultural ideology of honor to intrasexual violence between men and to attitudes supporting intersexual aggression in response to perceived honor violations by female romantic partners. We extend this research to show that honor ideology is also associated with an increased likelihood of men actually engaging in violent and sexually coercive behaviors toward women. Extending previous research on honor-based schemas and scripts linked to relationship violence, comparisons between honor states and non-honor states in the United States show that official rape and domestic homicide rates by White male perpetrators (Study 1) and experiences of rape and violence in relationships anonymously reported by White female teenagers (Study 2) were higher in honor states, controlling for a variety of potential confounds...
December 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240260/sohlh1-suppresses-glioblastoma-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-by-inhibition-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#8
Xinyu Liu, Qing Gao, Na Zhao, Xiaoli Zhang, Weiwei Cui, Jinhao Sun, Jiang Fu, Jing Hao
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive and highly invasive type of astrocytic tumors. Despite advances in diagnosis and therapy, the prognosis and survival time remain poor. Identifying key mediators of tumor cell proliferation, migration and invasion is crucial to the development of new and more effective therapies. In this paper, we report the novel role of Spermatogenesis- and oogenesis- specific basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor1 (Sohlh1) in the inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling and aggressive behaviors in GBM cells...
December 14, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238235/oppositional-defiant-disorder-current-insight
#9
REVIEW
Abhishek Ghosh, Anirban Ray, Aniruddha Basu
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is diagnosed broadly on the basis of frequent and persistent angry or irritable mood, argumentativeness/defiance, and vindictiveness. Since its inception in the third Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, epidemiological and longitudinal studies have strongly suggested a distinct existence of ODD that is different from other closely related externalizing disorders, with different course and outcome and possibly discrete subtypes. However, several issues, such as symptom threshold, dimensional versus categorical conceptualization, and sex-specific symptoms, are yet to be addressed...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237297/the-evolutionary-psychology-of-war-offense-and-defense-in-the-adapted-mind
#10
Anthony C Lopez
The study of warfare from an evolutionary perspective has expanded rapidly over the last couple of decades. However, it has tended to focus on the ancestral origins, prevalence, and instruments of war rather than adaptationist analyses of its underlying psychology. I argue that our evolved coalitional psychology may contain a set of distinct evolved heuristics designed specifically for offensive and defensive coalitional aggression. Data from two survey experiments are presented, in which subjects were given scenarios depicting offensive or defensive aggression and were told to make decisions, for example, regarding their willingness to participate in the conflict, their opinions of others who did not choose to participate, and their expectations benefit...
October 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236236/the-co-evolution-of-bullying-perpetration-homophobic-teasing-and-a-school-friendship-network
#11
Gabriel J Merrin, Kayla de la Haye, Dorothy L Espelage, Brett Ewing, Joan S Tucker, Matthew Hoover, Harold D Green
Bullying and homophobic teasing behaviors affect the lives of many school aged children, often co-occur, and tend to peak in middle school. While bullying and homophobic teasing behaviors are known to be peer group phenomena, studies typically examine the associations at the individual or school levels. An examination of these behaviors at the peer group level can aid in our understanding of the formation and maintenance of peer groups that engage in these forms of aggressive behavior (selection), and the extent to which friends and the peer group impact individual rates of these aggressive behaviors (influence)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236030/the-tumor-suppressor-p53-in-mucosal-melanoma-of-the-head-and-neck
#12
REVIEW
Marie Kristin Fritsche, Andreas Knopf
Despite worldwide prevention programs, the incidence for cutaneous melanoma is continuously increasing. Mucosal melanoma (MM) represents a rare but highly aggressive phenotype of common melanoma with predilection in the sinonasal system. Far away from ultraviolet sun exposure, the molecular mechanisms underlying tumorigenesis and the highly aggressive clinical behavior are poorly understood. In many solid malignomas of the head and neck region, p53 tumor suppressor functions as oncogene due to p53 protein stabilizing mutation...
December 13, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234677/metabolic-alterations-of-thyroid-cancer-as-potential-therapeutic-targets
#13
REVIEW
Domenico Ciavardelli, Maria Bellomo, Ada Consalvo, Caterina Crescimanno, Veronica Vella
Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most frequent endocrine tumor with a growing incidence worldwide. Besides the improvement of diagnosis, TC increasing incidence is probably due to environmental factors and lifestyle modifications. The actual diagnostic criteria for TC classification are based on fine needle biopsy (FNAB) and histological examination following thyroidectomy. Since in some cases it is not possible to make a proper diagnosis, classical approach needs to be supported by additional biomarkers. Recently, new emphasis has been given to the altered cellular metabolism of proliferating cancer cells which require high amount of glucose for energy production and macromolecules biosynthesis...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234153/netrin-1-elicits-metastatic-potential-of-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-cell-by-enhancing-cell-invasion-migration-and-vasculogenic-mimicry-via-emt-induction
#14
Xiaofei Zhang, Ping Cui, Beichen Ding, Yuening Guo, Kaiyu Han, Jianing Li, Hong Chen, Wei Zhang
Ectopic expression of netrin-1 has been validated in several cancers including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recent research confirms the critical role of netrin-1 in NSCLC growth and its prognostic value. Unfortunately, its contribution in NSCLC metastasis remains elusive. Here, netrin-1 had relatively high expression in NSCLC tissues and cells, especially in high metastatic groups. Notably, netrin-1 overexpression aggravated the malignant metastatic behavior of NSCLC cells, including cell invasion, migration, and vasculogenic mimicry (VM), whereas netrin-1 depression reversely dampened the metastatic potential...
December 12, 2017: Cancer Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233113/clinicopathologic-and-endoscopic-features-of-early-stage-colorectal-serrated-adenocarcinoma
#15
Daiki Hirano, Shiro Oka, Shinji Tanaka, Kyoku Sumimoto, Yuki Ninomiya, Yuzuru Tamaru, Kenjiro Shigita, Nana Hayashi, Yuji Urabe, Yasuhiko Kitadai, Fumio Shimamoto, Koji Arihiro, Kazuaki Chayama
BACKGROUND: Serrated adenocarcinoma (SAC) is a distinct colorectal carcinoma variant that accounts for approximately 7.5% of all advanced colorectal carcinomas. While its prognosis is worse than conventional carcinoma, its early-stage clinicopathologic features are unclear. We therefore aimed to clarify the clinicopathologic and endoscopic characteristics of early-stage SACs. METHODS: Forty consecutive early-stage SAC patients at Hiroshima University Hospital were enrolled; SACs were classified into epithelial serration (Group A, n = 17) and non-epithelial serration (Group B, n = 23) groups...
December 12, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232535/why-interventions-to-influence-adolescent-behavior-often-fail-but-could-succeed
#16
David S Yeager, Ronald E Dahl, Carol S Dweck
We provide a developmental perspective on two related issues: (a) why traditional preventative school-based interventions work reasonably well for children but less so for middle adolescents and (b) why some alternative approaches to interventions show promise for middle adolescents. We propose the hypothesis that traditional interventions fail when they do not align with adolescents' enhanced desire to feel respected and be accorded status; however, interventions that do align with this desire can motivate internalized, positive behavior change...
December 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231006/-characteristics-of-schizophrenia-patients-homicide-behaviors-and-their-correlations-with-criminal-capacity
#17
Z W Sun, T T Shi, P X Fu
OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of schizophrenia patients' homicide behaviors and the influences of the assessments of criminal capacity. METHODS: Indicators such as demographic and clinical data, characteristics of criminal behaviors and criminal capacity from the suspects whom were diagnosed by forensic psychiatry as schizophrenia (n=110) and normal mental (n=70) with homicide behavior, were collected by self-made investigation form and compared...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231005/-application-of-moas-for-evaluating-of-violence-risk-in-the-inpatients-with-mental-disorders
#18
J F He, W Hong, Y Shao, H Q Han, B Xie
OBJECTIVES: To explore the value of Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) on predicting serious aggressive behavior in the inpatients with mental disorders and to provide theoretical basis for violence risk assessments in the inpatients with mental disorders. METHODS: Total 918 inpatients in a psychiatric hospital were evaluated by trained medical workers using MOAS in September 2009, and their serious violent behavior were followed up for 2 years. The value of MOAS on predicting violence in the inpatients with mental disorders was analyzed by SPSS 21...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230715/chronic-lymphocytic-thyroiditis-clt-has-a-positive-prognostic-value-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer-ptc-patients-the-potential-key-role-of-foxp3-%C3%A2-t-lymphocytes
#19
T Pilli, P Toti, R Occhini, M G Castagna, S Cantara, M Caselli, S Cardinale, L Barbagli, F Pacini
BACKGROUND: An impact of chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT) on papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) outcome has long been advocated but it is still controversial. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of CLT in a retrospective cohort of PTC patients and to characterize the lymphocytic subpopulations and infiltrate (LI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 375 PTC patients, aged 45.2 ± 16.4 years, and treated with thyroidectomy and radioiodine remnant ablation, with a mean follow-up of 6...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228731/impact-of-anger-emotional-stress-before-pregnancy-on-adult-male-offspring
#20
Sheng Wei, Xinyang Xiao, Jieqiong Wang, Shiguang Sun, Zifa Li, Kaiyong Xu, Fang Li, Jie Gao, Dehao Zhu, Mingqi Qiao
Previous studies have reported that maternal chronic stress or depression is linked to an increased risk of affective disorders in progeny. However, the impact of maternal chronic stress before pregnancy on the progeny of animal models is unknown. We investigated the behaviors and the neurobiology of 60-day-old male offspring of female rats subjected to 21 days of resident-intruder stress before pregnancy. An anger stressed parental rat model was established using the resident-intruder paradigm and it was evaluated using behavioral tests...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
3505
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"