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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076751/salter-harris-type-iv-fracture-of-the-proximal-phalanx-of-the-thumb-with-rotation-of-the-epiphysis-outcome-10-years-following-open-reduction-and-k-wire-fixation
#1
Mohammad M Al-Qattan
INTRODUCTION: Salter-Harris type IV fracture of the proximal phalanx with 90° rotation of the epiphysis is very rare. We report on a case of Salter-Harris type IV fracture of the proximal phalanx of the thumb with rotation of the epiphysis and document the outcome 10 years after surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 5-year old boy presented with Salter-Harris type IV fracture of the thumb with 90° rotation of the epiphysis. Open reduction and K-wire fixation was done...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076750/a-giant-multi-lobed-osteochondroma-of-the-phalanx-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#2
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Felwa Al-Marshad, Jumana Al-Shammari, Atif Rafique
INTRODUCTION: Solitary osteochondromas of the adult hand are extremely rare. We present a case of a giant multi-lobed osteochondroma of the phalanx in an adult. No similar cases were found in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 25-year old male presented with a giant multi-lobed osteochondroma arising from the base of the middle phalanx; causing limitations of motion of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ). The patient refused complete excision, bone grafting and possible fusion of the PIPJ...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064244/recurrence-of-an-intra-articular-osteoid-osteoma-of-the-great-toe-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Josep Torrent, Alberto Bailez, Jordi Asuncion
Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign tumor that it is not generally seen in the foot and even less frequently in the phalanx (2-4%). The diagnosis when its location is intra-articular is a challenge and often delayed because the symptoms mimic a real arthritis. We report a clinical case involving a 16-year-old male patient who complained of persistent pain of the interphalangeal joint (IPJ) of the left hallux. A juxta-articular OO of the condyle of the proximal phalanx was identified. The patient underwent surgery that included tumor removal preserving the articular cartilage...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058484/hoverboards-spectrum-of-injury-and-association-with-an-uncommon-fracture
#4
Andrew H Schapiro, Neil U Lall, Christopher G Anton, Andrew T Trout
BACKGROUND: Self-balancing electric scooters, commonly known as hoverboards, are a new and popular consumer item with recognized fall hazards. The spectrum of injuries associated with hoverboard use has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the spectrum of radiologically apparent injuries associated with hoverboard use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all imaging studies interpreted at our institution for hoverboard-related injuries during an 8-month period...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052835/distraction-lengthening-following-vascularized-second-toe-transfer-for-isolated-middle-finger-reconstruction
#5
Jiuzhou Lu, Youlai Zhang, Junjiang Jiang, Lei Xu, Harvey Chim
PURPOSE: We report the use of distraction lengthening of the middle phalanx after vascularized second toe transfer for middle finger reconstruction to lengthen the digit to match the index and ring fingers. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 3 patients with a mean follow-up of 30 months. RESULTS: A mean increase of 2.0 cm in the length in the digit was achieved. The range of motion at the proximal interphalangeal joint was preserved and bony union was seen at the distraction site in all 3 cases...
January 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052417/c8-cross-transfer-for-the-treatment-of-caudal-brachial-plexus-avulsion-in-three-dogs
#6
Pierre Moissonnier, Claude Carozzo, Jean-Laurent Thibaut, Catherine Escriou, Antoine Hidalgo, Stéphane Blot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cervical nerve 8 cross-transfer technique (C8CT) as a part of surgical treatment of caudal brachial plexus avulsion (BPA) in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs suspected to have caudal BPA based on neurological examination and electrophysiological testing (n = 3). METHODS: The distal stump of the surgically transected contralateral C8 ventral branch (donor) was bridged to the proximal stump of the avulsed C8 ventral branch (recipient) and secured with 9-0 polypropylene suture under an operating microscope...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035386/microduplication-of-7q36-3-encompassing-the-shh-long%C3%A2-range-regulator-zrs-in-a-patient-with-triphalangeal-thumb%C3%A2-polysyndactyly-syndrome-and-congenital-heart-disease
#7
Zhenghua Liu, Ni Yin, Lianghui Gong, Zhiping Tan, Bangliang Yin, Yifeng Yang, Cheng Luo
Triphalangeal thumb‑polysyndactyly syndrome (TPT‑PS) is an autosomal dominant disorder with complete penetrance and a variable expression consisting of opposable triphalangeal thumbs, duplication of the distal thumb phalanx, pre‑axial polydactyly and duplication of the big toes (hallux). The causative gene of TPT‑PS has been mapped to 7q36.3. Sonic hedgehog (SHH) expressed in the zone of polarizing activity (ZPA) has an important role in defining the anterior‑posterior axis and numbers of digits in limb bud development...
December 29, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035313/rare-case-of-tibial-hemimelia-preaxial-polydactyly-and-club-foot
#8
Guinevere Granite, John E Herzenberg, Ronald Wade
A seven-month old female presented with left tibial hemimelia (or congenital tibial aplasia; Weber type VIIb, Jones et al type 1a), seven-toed preaxial polydactyly, and severe club foot (congenital talipes equinovarus). Definitive amputation surgery disarticulated the lower limb at the knee. This case report describes the anatomical findings of a systematic post-amputation examination of the lower limb's superficial dissection, X-rays, and computed tomography (CT) scans. From the X-rays and CT scans, we found curved and overlapping preaxial supernumerary toes, hypoplastic first metatarsal, lack of middle and distal phalanges in one supernumerary toe, three tarsal bones, hypoplastic middle phalanx and no distal phalanx for fourth toe, and no middle or distal phalanges for fifth toe...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032039/glomus-tumors-of-the-fingers-expression-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor
#9
Sittisak Honsawek, Pravit Kitidumrongsook, Pobe Luangjarmekorn, Kawee Pataradool, Voranuch Thanakit, Adisorn Patradul
Glomus tumors are uncommon, benign, small neurovascular neoplasms derived from glomus bodies in the reticular dermis. Glomus bodies are found throughout the body to regulate body temperature and skin circulation; however, they are concentrated in the fingers and the sole of the foot. The typical presentation is a solitary nodule in the subungual or periungual area of the distal phalanx. The primary treatment of choice is surgical removal. We investigated expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) using immunohistochemistry in glomus tumors of the fingers...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032038/recurrent-missense-mutation-of-gdf5-p-r438l-causes-proximal-symphalangism-in-a-british-family
#10
Andreas Leonidou, Melita Irving, Simon Holden, Marcos Katchburian
Proximal symphalangism (SYM1B) (OMIM 615298) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder affecting joint fusion. It is characterized by variable fusions of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the hands, typically of the ring and little finger, with the thumb typically being spared. SYM1 is frequently associated with coalition of tarsal bones and conductive hearing loss. Molecular studies have identified two possible genetic aetiologies for this syndrome, NOG and GDF5. We herein present a British caucasian family with SYM1B caused by a mutation of the GDF5 gene...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018078/subungual-osteochondroma-nail-sparing-excision
#11
Anurag Tiwari, Nidhi Agrawal, Tarun Verma, Hitesh Lal
Subungual osteochondroma is a relatively uncommon benign bone tumor affecting mostly children and young adults, and is a major source of pain and nail deformity. Treatment consists of marginal excision and meticulous wound closure. In this report, we present three cases of subungual osteochondroma arising from the dorsal aspect of distal phalanx of the great toe, which were managed by marginal excision with preservation of nail apparatus under digital block anesthesia with the use of a ring tourniquet. We emphasize on the use of ring tourniquet made by glove's finger and the technique of preserving the nail apparatus to prevent nail deformity...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009702/volar-dorsal-and-lateral-locking-plate-fixation-for-pilon-fractures
#12
Mark Henry
The more common dorsal fracture subluxations at the base of the middle phalanx have an intact dorsal buttress of articular surface in continuity with the shaft. Capitalizing on this foundation, various fixation methods have met with relatively equivalent success including Kirschner wires, screws only, nonlocking plate and screws, and external fixation. Pilon fractures are complete articular fractures, where the comminuted articular fragments lack any structural connection to the more distal shaft of the middle phalanx, and have largely relied upon external fixation traction systems...
December 22, 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002343/florid-reactive-periostitis-in-the-fifth-phalange-of-a-professional-boxer-a-case-report
#13
Yuji Tomori, Ryuji Ohashi, Zenya Naito, Mitsuhiko Nanno, Shinro Takai
RATIONALE: Florid reactive periostitis is a rare, benign bone and chondrogenic lesion that develops most frequently in the phalanges of the hands. Although the definitive cause of florid reactive periostitis is unknown, the major inciting factor is generally considered to be trauma, including repetitive minor trauma. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of florid reactive periostitis affecting two contiguous phalangeal bones of the left fifth phalange of a 23-year-old male professional boxer...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940191/the-power-of-flash-mob-research-conducting-a-nationwide-observational-clinical-study-on-capillary-refill-time-in-a-single-day
#14
Jelmer Alsma, Jan Lcm van Saase, Prabath Wb Nanayakkara, Wem Ineke Schouten, Anique Baten, Martijn P Bauer, Frits Holleman, Jack Jm Ligtenberg, Patricia M Stassen, Karin A Kaasjager, Harm Haak, Frank H Bosch, Stephanie Ce Schuit
BACKGROUND: Capillary refill time (CRT) is a clinical test used to evaluate the circulatory status of patients, and there are various methods to assess CRT. Conventional clinical research often demands large numbers of patients, making it costly, labor-intensive and time consuming. We studied the interobserver agreement on CRT in a nationwide study using a novel methodology of research called 'Flash Mob Research' (FMR). METHODS: Physicians in the Netherlands were recruited by word-of-mouth, conventional media and social media to participate in a nationwide, single-day, "nine-to-five", multi-center, cross-sectional, observational study to evaluate CRT...
December 6, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904292/a-case-of-acrodermatitis-continua-accompanying-with-osteolysis-and-atrophy-of-the-distal-phalanx-that-evoluted-into-generalized-pustular-psoriasis
#15
Kyung Ho Kim, Hong Lim Kim, Hyun Yi Suh, Jae Wook Jeon, Ji Young Ahn, Mi Youn Park, Jai Il Youn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904227/synostosis-of-proximal-phalangeal-bases-for-loss-of-distal-metacarpal
#16
Pankaj Jindal
A finger rendered unstable due to loss of metacarpal head can be stabilized by creating a synostosis at the base of the proximal phalanx of the affected finger with the adjacent normal finger. A cortico cancellous graft bridges the two adjacent proximal phalanges at their bases which are temporarily stabilized with an external fixator. The procedure can be done for, recurrence of giant cell tumor of metacarpal and for traumatic metacarpal loss. The procedure and long term follow up of one patient is presented who had giant cell tumor...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903927/crescentic-osteotomy-for-revision-hallux-interphalangeal-joint-arthrodesis
#17
Andrew Franklin, Patrick McKee, Joris Claessens
: Treatment for rigid mallet toe deformity of the hallux has commonly consisted of arthrodesis of this interphalangeal joint. However, such procedure is not without complications resulting in operative revision. We report on a case of considerable deformity of the distal phalanx of the hallux following hallux interphalangeal joint arthrodesis that underwent revision using a unique crescentic osteotomy technique. LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Level V: Case report/Technique...
November 30, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900230/giant-cell-tumour-of-proximal-phalanx-of-ring-finger-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Rishit Soni, Chirag Kapoor, Malkesh Shah, Amit Patel, Paresh Golwala
Giant cell tumour (GCT) of bone arising from a phalanx of a finger is extremely rare. Only two percent of all reported GCTs are found in the hand, which show a higher rate of recurrence as compared to those occurring at a more proximal location. Here we report a rare case of giant cell tumour of proximal phalanx of the ring finger in a 20-year-old male, which was treated with extended curettage and bone grafting. After two years of follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic with complete functional recovery and no signs of recurrence...
October 18, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896194/osteomyelitis-following-domestic-animal-bites-to-the-hand-two-case-reports-and-practical-guidelines
#19
Jung Soo Lim, Jin Hwan Byun, Kyung Hee Min, Hye Kyung Lee, Yun Sun Choi
Recently, the number of cases of animal bite wounds has increased significantly in concordance with an increase in the pet population around the world. The authors report two rare cases of osteomyelitis of the phalanx following cat and dog bites. On initial physical examination, signs of a severe infection were observed. Radiographs of both patients showed the presence of osteomyelitis, and in one of the patients, the diagnosis was confirmed with a bone biopsy. After use of empirical antibiotics, intravenous antibiotic therapy that matched the identified bacterium's sensitivity was initiated, and at the same time, secure dressing including debridement was performed to induce secondary healing...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894859/brown-tumour-in-phalanx-of-the-ring-finger-due-to-chronic-kidney-failure-a-case-report
#20
J E Forigua V, R A Brunicardi H, C A Morales V, M Del P Archila, D M Chaparro Rivera
Brown tumours are highly vascular lytic bone lesions found in primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism. The brown term is given due to the red-brown colour of the tissue, which is due to the accumulation of hemosiderin. The case is presented of a 29 year-old male with chronic renal failure, who had a mass in the tip of the ring finger after a trauma of 4 months onset, which had increased progressively in size and pain. He was treated surgically, by amputation, with no recurrence 10 months after the surgery...
November 25, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
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