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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712787/untethering-physiolysis-for-delta-phalanx-longitudinally-bracketed-diaphysis-combined-with-free-fat-interposition-graft
#1
H-J Lee, P-T Kim, I-H Jeon, M F Deslivia, S-J Lee, H-J Kim, J-P Yoon
We report the results of physiolysis of the epiphyseal bracket combined with free fat grafting for the treatment of delta phalanx. Thirteen cases (five patients) were included. Mean patient age was 6.6years (range, 4-9). The patients underwent physiolysis in which the epiphyseal bracket was cut and replaced with a free fat graft. The angle between the long axis of the proximal and distal phalanges and the ratio between the width and length of the affected middle phalanx were evaluated on plain radiographs. The range of motion in the fingers was also evaluated...
July 13, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650755/glomus-tumor-of-the-toe
#2
Robert L B Sprinkle, Omar P Sangueza, Gregory A Schwartz
A glomus tumor is an uncommon, predominantly benign, neoplastic lesion that primarily involves a thermoregulatory microvascular apparatus, the glomus body. Although these lesions can occur anywhere in the body, the subungual tissue of the hand represents the most common presentation site. Glomus tumors are not often encountered in the foot. Symptoms traditionally include the classic triad of pain, pressure, and cold sensitivity. This case report describes a variant location for a glomus tumor in the subcuticular tissue adjacent to the medial middle phalanx of the second toe...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633787/the-disappearing-phalanx-a-case-report-of-a-vascular-tumor-of%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-toe
#3
Bridget DeSandis, Sydney C Karnovsky, Giorgio Perino, Mark C Drakos
We report a unique case of an epithelioid hemangioma of the third middle phalanx in which the lesion replaced the phalanx, became symptomatic, and then required resection, bone grafting, and joint arthroplasty. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an epithelioid hemangioma in the toe that was treated using this approach.
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616779/-arthrodesis-of-the-distal-interphalangeal-joint-using-the-headless-compression-screw
#4
REVIEW
C K Spies, B Hohendorff, S Löw, L P Müller, J Oppermann, P Hahn, F Unglaub
OBJECTIVE: Arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal joint of the fingers and interphalangeal joint of the thumb in order to gain reliable stability and function. INDICATIONS: Primary and secondary osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, defect lesions, septic joint destruction, posttraumatic joint deviation, fatal joint instability, fatal tendon lesions. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Persistent infections (empyema, osteomyelitis, phlegmon), deficient soft tissue mantle, bone/screw mismatch...
June 14, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580380/recurrent-dislocation-of-the-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-of-the-finger-a-rare-issue-in-hand-surgery
#5
Hossein Saremi, Ali Karbalaeikhani
Recurrent dislocation is not common in small joints. This report presents a recurrent dislocation of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the ring finger in a 23-years-old man. Recurrent dislocation was addressed successfully by repairing the avulsed volar plate to the base of the middle phalanx, followed by 6 weeks of splint immobilization.
March 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506175/corrective-step-cut-osteotomy-at-the-affected-bone-for-correction-of-rotational-deformity-due-to-fracture-of-the-middle-phalanx
#6
Hiroyuki Fujioka, Yohei Takagi, Juichi Tanaka, Shinichi Yoshiya
Malunion at the shaft of the middle phalanx yields less functional problems compared with malunion at the shaft of the proximal phalanx and metacarpal bones. In the present report, the patient sustained a minimally displaced fracture at the distal portion of the distal middle phalanx of the ring finger spraining the finger during playing flag football. Fracture was treated conservatively and fracture union was completed. However, the patient complained of functional problems in activities of daily living due to the malrotational deformity of the finger...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501341/chronic-boutonniere-deformity-cross-lateral-band-technique-using-palmaris-longus-autograft
#7
Serdar Duzgun, Alpay Duran, Ekrem Keskin, Ahmet K Yigit, Hasan Buyukdogan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of treatment of chronic boutonniere deformity with a reconstruction technique using palmaris longus autograft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients with chronic, posttraumatic, flexible boutonniere deformities referred to our clinic between January 2010 and September 2014 were included in the study. In all 7 patients, the lateral bands were deficient or damaged beyond repair. A novel reconstruction technique for chronic boutonniere deformity utilizing palmaris longus autograft was used...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476538/the-central-slip-fracture-results-of-operative-treatment-of-volar-fracture-subluxations-dislocations-of-the-proximal-interphalangeal-joint
#8
Zachary I Meyer, Charles A Goldfarb, Ryan P Calfee, Lindley B Wall
PURPOSE: Fractures of the base of the middle phalanx are particularly challenging. Dorsal fracture-subluxations/dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint are relatively common, but the volar fracture-subluxation/dislocation, the so-called "central slip fracture," is quite rare. The current study presents our experience with surgically treated patients with central slip fracture subluxation/dislocation with a minimum of 1 year follow-up. We hypothesized that the majority of patients with a central slip fracture-subluxation/dislocation have poor outcomes...
July 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465203/volar-fracture-dislocation-of-the-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-four-cases-at-an-average-follow-up-of-3%C3%A2-years
#9
S Roulet, G Bacle, B Charruau, E Marteau, J Laulan
Volar dislocation of the proximal interphalangeal joint associated with dorsal fracture of the base of the middle phalanx is a rare injury, with only 38 cases published. We report here four such cases: three treated surgically and one conservatively. Patients had a mean age of 19.5 years. At an average follow-up of 3 years, pulp-to-palm contact was obtained and no pain was reported with regular daily activities. All patients considered themselves cured and were very satisfied with the result. Incomplete reduction of the dorsal fragment or the presence of localized articular impaction warrant surgical treatment...
April 14, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293333/percutaneous-cannulated-compression-screw-osteosynthesis-in-phalanx-fractures-the-surgical-technique-the-indications-and-the-results
#10
Eirini Liodaki, Tobias Kisch, Eike Wenzel, Peter Mailänder, Felix Stang
Objective: Fractures of metacarpals and phalanges are very common fractures, and there are a lot of treatment modalities. The purpose of the study was to describe the technique of percutaneous fixation of phalangeal fractures using a cannulated compression screw fixation system and its results. Methods: We conducted a prospective clinical study on 43 patients with different types of phalangeal fractures undergoing a percutaneous cannulated compression screw osteosynthesis. Parameters such as average operation time and clinical outcome were evaluated postoperatively...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168195/reliability-of-growth-indicators-and-efficiency-of-functional-treatment-for-skeletal-class-ii-malocclusion-current-evidence-and-controversies
#11
REVIEW
Giuseppe Perinetti, Luca Contardo
Current evidence on the reliability of growth indicators in the identification of the pubertal growth spurt and efficiency of functional treatment for skeletal Class II malocclusion, the timing of which relies on such indicators, is highly controversial. Regarding growth indicators, the hand and wrist (including the sole middle phalanx of the third finger) maturation method and the standing height recording appear to be most reliable. Other methods are subjected to controversies or were showed to be unreliable...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076750/a-giant-multi-lobed-osteochondroma-of-the-phalanx-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#12
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Felwa Al-Marshad, Jumana Al-Shammari, Atif Rafique
INTRODUCTION: Solitary osteochondromas of the adult hand are extremely rare. We present a case of a giant multi-lobed osteochondroma of the phalanx in an adult. No similar cases were found in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 25-year old male presented with a giant multi-lobed osteochondroma arising from the base of the middle phalanx; causing limitations of motion of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ). The patient refused complete excision, bone grafting and possible fusion of the PIPJ...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052835/distraction-lengthening-following-vascularized-second-toe-transfer-for-isolated-middle-finger-reconstruction
#13
Jiuzhou Lu, Youlai Zhang, Junjiang Jiang, Lei Xu, Harvey Chim
PURPOSE: We report the use of distraction lengthening of the middle phalanx after vascularized second toe transfer for middle finger reconstruction to lengthen the digit to match the index and ring fingers. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 3 patients with a mean follow-up of 30 months. RESULTS: A mean increase of 2.0 cm in the length in the digit was achieved. The range of motion at the proximal interphalangeal joint was preserved and bony union was seen at the distraction site in all 3 cases...
January 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035313/rare-case-of-tibial-hemimelia-preaxial-polydactyly-and-club-foot
#14
Guinevere Granite, John E Herzenberg, Ronald Wade
A seven-month old female presented with left tibial hemimelia (or congenital tibial aplasia; Weber type VIIb, Jones et al type 1a), seven-toed preaxial polydactyly, and severe club foot (congenital talipes equinovarus). Definitive amputation surgery disarticulated the lower limb at the knee. This case report describes the anatomical findings of a systematic post-amputation examination of the lower limb's superficial dissection, X-rays, and computed tomography (CT) scans. From the X-rays and CT scans, we found curved and overlapping preaxial supernumerary toes, hypoplastic first metatarsal, lack of middle and distal phalanges in one supernumerary toe, three tarsal bones, hypoplastic middle phalanx and no distal phalanx for fourth toe, and no middle or distal phalanges for fifth toe...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032038/recurrent-missense-mutation-of-gdf5-p-r438l-causes-proximal-symphalangism-in-a-british-family
#15
Andreas Leonidou, Melita Irving, Simon Holden, Marcos Katchburian
Proximal symphalangism (SYM1B) (OMIM 615298) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder affecting joint fusion. It is characterized by variable fusions of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the hands, typically of the ring and little finger, with the thumb typically being spared. SYM1 is frequently associated with coalition of tarsal bones and conductive hearing loss. Molecular studies have identified two possible genetic aetiologies for this syndrome, NOG and GDF5. We herein present a British caucasian family with SYM1B caused by a mutation of the GDF5 gene...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009702/volar-dorsal-and-lateral-locking-plate-fixation-for-pilon-fractures
#16
Mark Henry
The more common dorsal fracture subluxations at the base of the middle phalanx have an intact dorsal buttress of articular surface in continuity with the shaft. Capitalizing on this foundation, various fixation methods have met with relatively equivalent success including Kirschner wires, screws only, nonlocking plate and screws, and external fixation. Pilon fractures are complete articular fractures, where the comminuted articular fragments lack any structural connection to the more distal shaft of the middle phalanx, and have largely relied upon external fixation traction systems...
March 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843670/kirschner-wire-breakage-during-removal-requiring-retrieval
#17
Kai Yuen Wong, Rosalind Mole, Patrick Gillespie
Kirschner wires (K-wires) are widely used for fixation of fractures and dislocations in the hand as they are readily available, reliable, and cost-effective. Complication rates of up to 18% have been reported. However, K-wire breakage during removal is rare. We present one such case illustrating a simple technique for retrieval. A 35-year-old male presented with a distal phalanx fracture of his right middle finger. This open fracture was treated with K-wire fixation. Postoperatively, he developed a pin site infection with associated finger swelling...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783110/-arthrodesis-of-the-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-of-fingers-with-tension-band-wire
#18
B Hohendorff, J Franke, C K Spies, L P Müller, C Ries
OBJECTIVE: Arthrodesis of the proximal interphalangeal joint of fingers in a functional and pain-free position. INDICATIONS: Primary and secondary osteoarthritis, traumatic joint destruction, posttraumatic malposition, instability, joint destruction due to infection, irreparable extensor and/or flexor tendon lesion, recurrent flexion deformity in Dupuytren's disease, arthritis (e. g., rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis), failed resection arthroplasty, failed prosthesis, congenital disorder (e...
October 25, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781989/proximodistal-interphalangeal-arthrodesis-of-the-little-finger-a-series-of-7-cases
#19
S Honecker, J J Hidalgo Diaz, K Naito, E Pire, G Prunières, S Facca, P Liverneaux
As an alternative to amputation of the little finger, we report here seven cases of shortening arthrodesis carried out by resecting the middle phalanx and proximodistal interphalangeal (PDIP) arthrodesis. Our cohort consisted of 6 males and 1 female (58years average age), with a stiff little finger secondary to Dupuytren's disease or trauma. All fingers were approached dorsally; after resection of the middle phalanx and decortication of the subchondral bone, fusion of the remaining phalanges was performed using an intramedullary self-breaking screw-pin...
September 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781977/treatment-of-unstable-distal-phalanx-fractures-by-extra-articular-dip-pinning-a-series-of-12-cases
#20
G Prunières, S Gouzou, S Facca, A-S Matheron, N Maire, J-J Hidalgo Díaz, P Liverneaux
Unstable distal phalanx fractures are typically treated by pinning of the distal phalanx or the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP). Complications include unstable fixation, K-wire migration, septic arthritis and osteoarthritis. To limit these complications, we wanted to explore the benefits of using locked extra-articular DIP pinning. The cohort consisted of 12 patients (mean age 36.3 years) who had an extra-articular (6 cases) or intra-articular distal phalanx fracture (6 cases). All patients were treated surgically with a construct consisting of two connected K-wires: one was placed inside the shaft of the distal phalanx and the other was placed perpendicular to the middle phalanx...
October 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
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