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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293333/percutaneous-cannulated-compression-screw-osteosynthesis-in-phalanx-fractures-the-surgical-technique-the-indications-and-the-results
#1
Eirini Liodaki, Tobias Kisch, Eike Wenzel, Peter Mailänder, Felix Stang
Objective: Fractures of metacarpals and phalanges are very common fractures, and there are a lot of treatment modalities. The purpose of the study was to describe the technique of percutaneous fixation of phalangeal fractures using a cannulated compression screw fixation system and its results. Methods: We conducted a prospective clinical study on 43 patients with different types of phalangeal fractures undergoing a percutaneous cannulated compression screw osteosynthesis. Parameters such as average operation time and clinical outcome were evaluated postoperatively...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261433/ultrasonographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-schwannoma-of-the-hand
#2
Seoung Joon Lee, Seok Tae Yoon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to report the ultrasonographic findings and clinical features of schwannoma of the hand. METHODS: We enrolled 8 patients who were initially diagnosed with ganglion by ultrasonography but finally with schwannoma by a tissue biopsy. We retrospectively analyzed the ultrasonographic findings of eight patients including echogenicity, internal homogeneity, posterior enhancement, internal vascularity, and clinical manifestations such as the occurrence site, tenderness, Tinel's sign, and paresthesia before the surgery...
March 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168195/reliability-of-growth-indicators-and-efficiency-of-functional-treatment-for-skeletal-class-ii-malocclusion-current-evidence-and-controversies
#3
REVIEW
Giuseppe Perinetti, Luca Contardo
Current evidence on the reliability of growth indicators in the identification of the pubertal growth spurt and efficiency of functional treatment for skeletal Class II malocclusion, the timing of which relies on such indicators, is highly controversial. Regarding growth indicators, the hand and wrist (including the sole middle phalanx of the third finger) maturation method and the standing height recording appear to be most reliable. Other methods are subjected to controversies or were showed to be unreliable...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116260/tuberculous-dactylitis-case-presentation-and-functional-outcome
#4
Rayan Fairag, Amre Hamdi
INTRODUCTION: Skeletal tuberculosis involving the small bones is less common than pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculous dactylitis involves the short tubular bones of the hands and feet more commonly in children. The bones of the hands are the one's more frequently affected than bones of the feet, with the proximal phalanx of the index and middle fingers as the commonest sites for infection. Spread to the skeletal system occurs during the initial infection via the lympho-haematogenous route...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076750/a-giant-multi-lobed-osteochondroma-of-the-phalanx-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#5
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Felwa Al-Marshad, Jumana Al-Shammari, Atif Rafique
INTRODUCTION: Solitary osteochondromas of the adult hand are extremely rare. We present a case of a giant multi-lobed osteochondroma of the phalanx in an adult. No similar cases were found in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 25-year old male presented with a giant multi-lobed osteochondroma arising from the base of the middle phalanx; causing limitations of motion of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ). The patient refused complete excision, bone grafting and possible fusion of the PIPJ...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052835/distraction-lengthening-following-vascularized-second-toe-transfer-for-isolated-middle-finger-reconstruction
#6
Jiuzhou Lu, Youlai Zhang, Junjiang Jiang, Lei Xu, Harvey Chim
PURPOSE: We report the use of distraction lengthening of the middle phalanx after vascularized second toe transfer for middle finger reconstruction to lengthen the digit to match the index and ring fingers. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 3 patients with a mean follow-up of 30 months. RESULTS: A mean increase of 2.0 cm in the length in the digit was achieved. The range of motion at the proximal interphalangeal joint was preserved and bony union was seen at the distraction site in all 3 cases...
January 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035313/rare-case-of-tibial-hemimelia-preaxial-polydactyly-and-club-foot
#7
Guinevere Granite, John E Herzenberg, Ronald Wade
A seven-month old female presented with left tibial hemimelia (or congenital tibial aplasia; Weber type VIIb, Jones et al type 1a), seven-toed preaxial polydactyly, and severe club foot (congenital talipes equinovarus). Definitive amputation surgery disarticulated the lower limb at the knee. This case report describes the anatomical findings of a systematic post-amputation examination of the lower limb's superficial dissection, X-rays, and computed tomography (CT) scans. From the X-rays and CT scans, we found curved and overlapping preaxial supernumerary toes, hypoplastic first metatarsal, lack of middle and distal phalanges in one supernumerary toe, three tarsal bones, hypoplastic middle phalanx and no distal phalanx for fourth toe, and no middle or distal phalanges for fifth toe...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032038/recurrent-missense-mutation-of-gdf5-p-r438l-causes-proximal-symphalangism-in-a-british-family
#8
Andreas Leonidou, Melita Irving, Simon Holden, Marcos Katchburian
Proximal symphalangism (SYM1B) (OMIM 615298) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder affecting joint fusion. It is characterized by variable fusions of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the hands, typically of the ring and little finger, with the thumb typically being spared. SYM1 is frequently associated with coalition of tarsal bones and conductive hearing loss. Molecular studies have identified two possible genetic aetiologies for this syndrome, NOG and GDF5. We herein present a British caucasian family with SYM1B caused by a mutation of the GDF5 gene...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009702/volar-dorsal-and-lateral-locking-plate-fixation-for-pilon-fractures
#9
Mark Henry
The more common dorsal fracture subluxations at the base of the middle phalanx have an intact dorsal buttress of articular surface in continuity with the shaft. Capitalizing on this foundation, various fixation methods have met with relatively equivalent success including Kirschner wires, screws only, nonlocking plate and screws, and external fixation. Pilon fractures are complete articular fractures, where the comminuted articular fragments lack any structural connection to the more distal shaft of the middle phalanx, and have largely relied upon external fixation traction systems...
March 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871358/unna-nevus-early-presentation-in-a-10-year-old-girl
#10
Kingshuk Chatterjee, Sankha Koley, Bhushan Madke
A 10-year-old girl presented with three asymptomatic raised lesions over the dorsal aspect of her left index finger present for the past 7 years. On examination, there were three skin-colored nodules overlying the middle and distal phalanx of her left index finger, without any attachment to the underlying structures (Figure 1) The nodule over the distal phalanx was the largest with a cobblestone-like surface. All the nodules were firm to touch. Cutaneous, mucosa, hair, nails, and systemic examinations were within normal limits...
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843670/kirschner-wire-breakage-during-removal-requiring-retrieval
#11
Kai Yuen Wong, Rosalind Mole, Patrick Gillespie
Kirschner wires (K-wires) are widely used for fixation of fractures and dislocations in the hand as they are readily available, reliable, and cost-effective. Complication rates of up to 18% have been reported. However, K-wire breakage during removal is rare. We present one such case illustrating a simple technique for retrieval. A 35-year-old male presented with a distal phalanx fracture of his right middle finger. This open fracture was treated with K-wire fixation. Postoperatively, he developed a pin site infection with associated finger swelling...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783110/-arthrodesis-of-the-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-of-fingers-with-tension-band-wire
#12
B Hohendorff, J Franke, C K Spies, L P Müller, C Ries
OBJECTIVE: Arthrodesis of the proximal interphalangeal joint of fingers in a functional and pain-free position. INDICATIONS: Primary and secondary osteoarthritis, traumatic joint destruction, posttraumatic malposition, instability, joint destruction due to infection, irreparable extensor and/or flexor tendon lesion, recurrent flexion deformity in Dupuytren's disease, arthritis (e. g., rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis), failed resection arthroplasty, failed prosthesis, congenital disorder (e...
October 25, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781989/proximodistal-interphalangeal-arthrodesis-of-the-little-finger-a-series-of-7-cases
#13
S Honecker, J J Hidalgo Diaz, K Naito, E Pire, G Prunières, S Facca, P Liverneaux
As an alternative to amputation of the little finger, we report here seven cases of shortening arthrodesis carried out by resecting the middle phalanx and proximodistal interphalangeal (PDIP) arthrodesis. Our cohort consisted of 6 males and 1 female (58years average age), with a stiff little finger secondary to Dupuytren's disease or trauma. All fingers were approached dorsally; after resection of the middle phalanx and decortication of the subchondral bone, fusion of the remaining phalanges was performed using an intramedullary self-breaking screw-pin...
September 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781977/treatment-of-unstable-distal-phalanx-fractures-by-extra-articular-dip-pinning-a-series-of-12-cases
#14
G Prunières, S Gouzou, S Facca, A-S Matheron, N Maire, J-J Hidalgo Díaz, P Liverneaux
Unstable distal phalanx fractures are typically treated by pinning of the distal phalanx or the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP). Complications include unstable fixation, K-wire migration, septic arthritis and osteoarthritis. To limit these complications, we wanted to explore the benefits of using locked extra-articular DIP pinning. The cohort consisted of 12 patients (mean age 36.3 years) who had an extra-articular (6 cases) or intra-articular distal phalanx fracture (6 cases). All patients were treated surgically with a construct consisting of two connected K-wires: one was placed inside the shaft of the distal phalanx and the other was placed perpendicular to the middle phalanx...
October 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765865/treatment-of-unstable-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-fractures-with-hemi-hamate-osteochondral-autografts
#15
M Burnier, T Awada, F Marin Braun, P Rostoucher, M Ninou, L Erhard
The primary aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological results after hemi-hamate resurfacing arthroplasty in patients with acute or chronic unstable fractures of the base of the middle phalanx and to describe technical features that can facilitate the surgical procedure. Hemi-hamate arthroplasties were done in 19 patients (mean age 39 years) with an isolated fracture at the base of the middle phalanx that involved more than 40% of the articular surface. We assessed ten chronic cases (treated >6 weeks after fracture) and nine acute ones (<6 weeks) at a mean of 24 months...
February 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679687/diagnostic-reliability-of-the-third-finger-middle-phalanx-maturation-mpm-method-in-the-identification-of-the-mandibular-growth-peak
#16
Giuseppe Perinetti, Valentina Sbardella, Luca Contardo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The use of the sole third finger middle phalanx for a maturational method has been proposed but not fully investigated. Herein, the diagnostic reliability of an improved five-stage third finger middle phalanx maturation (MPM) method in the identification of mandibular growth peak has been investigated. SUBJECTS/METHODS: From the files of the Burlington Growth Study, 35 subjects (20 males, 15 females) with at least 7 annual lateral cephalograms taken from 9 to 16 years were included...
September 27, 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667297/-an-unusual-cause-of-the-hand-cyst-finger-dirofilariasis
#17
Klára Molnár, Gergő Józsa, Zsolt Oberritter, Eszter Cholnoky, Péter Pankovics, Gábor Reuter, Erika Tornóczky
Dirofilariasis is a zoonosis affecting dogs and cats. It can be transmitted to human by mosquito bites. Because of the local inflammation caused by the parasite, a lump may develop. The authors present a case of a 13-year-old boy, who was diagnosed with dirofilariasis in association with a cyst located on the middle finger of the right hand. During physical examination, a lump on the extensor surface of the middle phalanx of the right middle finger was found. Soft tissue ultrasound was performed, which indicated the presence of a worm in the cyst...
September 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595966/simultaneous-volar-dislocation-of-distal-interphalangeal-joint-and-volar-fracture-subluxation-of-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-of-little-finger-a-new-mechanism-of-injury
#18
Kamran Mozaffarian, Abdollah Bayatpour, Amir Reza Vosoughi
Simultaneous volar dislocation of distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint and volar fracture-subluxation of proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint of the same finger has not been reported yet. A 19-year-old man was referred due to pain on the deformed left little finger after a ball injury. Radiographs showed volar dislocation of the DIP joint and dorsal lip fracture of the middle phalanx with volar subluxation of PIP joint of the little finger. This case was unique in terms of the mechanism of injury which was hyperflexion type in two adjacent joints of the same finger...
October 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595960/osteoid-osteoma-of-distal-phalanx-of-middle-finger-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#19
Bharat Durgia, Anuj Jain, Shekhar Agarwal
Osteoid Osteoma is benign bone forming tumor which commonly occurs in long bones of lower limb. Presence of these rare tumors in the distal phalanx of the digits of the hand is considered a rare phenomenon. In hand, they usually present as chronic pain, swelling, nail enlargement and increase in size of digit. Diagnosis is challenging with clinical examination and usual imaging modalities and often confused with glomus tumor, enchondroma, infection, trauma and rheumatic disease. Surgical excision of the tumor, if present in hand, is the treatment of choice that aids in coming to the exact diagnosis too...
October 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595958/post-reduction-stability-of-the-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-after-dorsal-fracture-dislocation-a-cadaveric-study
#20
Andre Eu-Jin Cheah, Tun-Lin Foo, Janice Chin-Yi Liao, Min He, Alphonsus Khin-Sze Chong
BACKGROUND: Proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) dorsal fracture dislocations (DFD) are challenging injuries. Treatment aims to achieve stability of the PIPJ after reduction so that early motion can be initiated. We studied how increasing articular destruction would affect post reduction stability and investigate the amount of traction and PIPJ flexion needed to maintain the reduction. METHODS: Increasing amounts (20%, 40% and 60%) of damage to the volar lip of the middle phalanx in cadaveric specimens were created to represent PIPJ DFD that were stable, of tenuous stability and frankly unstable...
October 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
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