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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431447/-return-to-work-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Rona Reibis, Annett Salzwedel, Johannes Falk, Heinz Völler
Vocational reintegration provides a key goal for patients after myocardial infarction both from social as well as from individual perspective. Return to work rate is determined by medical parameters such as left ventricular function, residual ischemia and rhythm stability, as well as by occupational requirement profile such as the blue or white collar work, night shifts and the way capacity. Psycho-social factors including depression, self-assessment of their own situation and pre-existing cognitive impairment to a large extent determine the reintegration...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429999/beneficial-effects-of-oral-supplementation-with-ovoderm-on-human-skin-physiology-two-pilot-studies
#2
Andrés Aguirre, Erena Gil-Quintana, Marisa Fenaux, Sandra Erdozain, Itziar Sarria
Collagens and hyaluronic acid have long been used in pharmaceuticals and food supplements for the improvement of skin elasticity and hydration. These compounds provide the building blocks of the skin. Ovoderm is an oral supplement obtained from eggshells that contains naturally occurring collagen and glycosaminoglycans, such as hyaluronic acid. We evaluated the efficacy of Ovoderm on skin biophysical parameters related to cutaneous aging such as elasticity, hydration, and pigmentation. Two pilot studies were run to assess the effect of daily oral supplementation with 300 mg Ovoderm on skin parameters...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429186/what-are-colorectal-cancer-survivors-preferences-for-dietary-advice-a-best-worst-discrete-choice-experiment
#3
Stuart J Wright, Debbie Gibson, Martin Eden, Simon Lal, Chris Todd, Andy Ness, Sorrel Burden
PURPOSE: Studies on healthy lifestyle interventions in survivors of colorectal cancer have been disappointing, demonstrating only modest changes. This study aims to quantify people's preferences for different aspects of dietary intervention. METHOD: A best-worst discrete choice experiment was designed and incorporated into a questionnaire including participants' characteristics and a self-assessment of lifestyle. RESULTS: The response rate was 68% and 179 questionnaires were analysed...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429053/self-assessment-of-treatment-compliance-with-antimuscarinic-drugs-and-lower-urinary-tract-condition-among-women-with-urinary-incontinence
#4
Kirill Kosilov, Sergey Loparev, Irina Kuzina, Olga Shakirova, Natalya Zhuravskaya, Alexandra Lobodenko
AIM: Our aim was to determine the efficiency of the Medication Compliance Self-Report Inventory (MASRI) in self-reporting antimuscarinic drug treatment compliance among women with urinary incontinence (UI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study assessed 347 women aged 18-65 (averaging 49.7) years with more than one urinary incontinence (UI) episode per day. Treatment compliance was tested at the beginning and at weeks 4, 8, and 12 using the MASRI, the Brief Medication Questionnaire (BMQ), and visual pill counts...
April 20, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428332/education-in-nephrology-fellowship-a-survey-based-needs-assessment
#5
Robert W Rope, Kurtis A Pivert, Mark G Parker, Stephen M Sozio, Sylvia Bereknyei Merell
Educational needs assessments for nephrology fellowship training are limited. This study assessed fellows' perceptions of current educational needs and interest in novel modalities that may improve their educational experience and quantified educational resources used by programs and fellows. We distributed a seven-question electronic survey to all United States-based fellows receiving complimentary American Society of Nephrology (ASN) membership at the end of the 2015-2016 academic year in conjunction with the ASN Nephrology Fellows Survey...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425680/adaptation-to-health-states-sick-yet-better-off
#6
Patricia Cubí-Mollá, Mireia Jofre-Bonet, Victoria Serra-Sastre
Healthcare funding decisions in the UK rely on health state valuations of the general public. However, it has been shown that there is disparity between the valuation of the impact of hypothetical conditions on health and the reported health by those experiencing them. Patients' adaptation to health states is among the most common explanations for this discrepancy. Being diagnosed with a disease appears to affect individual perception of health over time so that better subjective health may be reported over a disease trajectory...
April 20, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422641/supporting-stroke-motor-recovery-through-a-mobile-application-a-pilot-study
#7
Sonia Lawson, Ziying Tang, Jinjuan Feng
Neuroplasticity and motor learning are promoted with repetitive movement, appropriate challenge, and performance feedback. ARMStrokes, a smartphone application, incorporates these qualities to support motor recovery. Engaging exercises are easily accessible for improved compliance. In a multiple-case, mixed-methods pilot study, the potential of this technology for stroke motor recovery was examined. Exercises calibrated to the participant's skill level targeted forearm, elbow, and shoulder motions for a 6-wk protocol...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420270/stages-of-change-in-audiology-comparison-of-three-self-assessment-measures
#8
Elisabeth Ingo, K Jonas Brännström, Gerhard Andersson, Thomas Lunner, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
OBJECTIVE: In a clinical setting, theories of health behaviour change could help audiologists and other hearing health care professionals understand the barriers that prevent people with hearing problems to seek audiological help. The transtheoretical (stages of change) model of health behaviour change is one of these theories. It describes a person's journey towards health behaviour change (e.g. seeking help or taking up rehabilitation) in separate stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and, finally, maintenance...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419643/post-lunch-triglyceridaemia-associates-with-hdlc-and-insulin-resistance-in-fasting-normotriglyceridaemic-menopausal-women
#9
A Sanz-Paris, A Rodriguez-Valle, M A Navarro, J Puzo-Foncillas, J M Arbones-Mainar
OBJECTIVES: Post-prandial hypertriglyceridaemia (P-HTG) is associated with cardiovascular disease. This association is of paramount importance during menopause, which is also related to reduced high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDLc) and elevated triglyceride (TG) levels. We aimed to provide a self-assesing tool to screen for P-HTG in menopausal women who were normotriglyceridaemic at fasting and adhered to a Mediterranean-style eating pattern. METHODS: We performed oral fat loading tests (OFLT) in combination with self-measurements of diurnal capillary TG at fixed time-points (DC-TG) in 29 healthy menopausal women...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417894/quality-improvement-and-reporting-systems-what-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon-should-know
#10
REVIEW
Justine S Moe, Shelly Abramowicz, Steven M Roser
Health care is an inherently dangerous environment, and patient safety should be an explicit goal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Important components of a safety program include a nonpunitive safety culture, the implementation of patient safety practices, standardized incident reporting and adverse event analysis, regular self-assessment, and internal and external benchmarking. Implementation of a safety program requires the strong commitment of leadership and the engagement and empowerment of all employees...
May 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412892/is-there-a-role-for-fidelity-self-assessment-in-the-individual-placement-and-support-model-of-supported-employment
#11
Paul J Margolies, Jennifer L Humensky, I-Chin Chiang, Nancy H Covell, Karen Broadway-Wilson, Raymond Gregory, Thomas C Jewell, Gary Scannevin, Stephen Baker, Lisa B Dixon
OBJECTIVE: Fidelity assessments help ensure that evidence-based practices are implemented properly. Although assessments are typically conducted by independent raters, some programs have implemented self-assessments because of resource constraints. Self-assessments were compared with independent assessments of programs implementing individual placement and support supported employment. METHODS: Eleven community-based outpatient programs in New York State completed both self- and independent assessments...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411092/self-assessed-kyphosis-and-chewing-disorders-predict-disability-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#12
Mika Okura, Mihoko Ogita, Miki Yamamoto, Toshimi Nakai, Tomoko Numata, Hidenori Arai
OBJECTIVE: It is clear that each trend of kyphosis with increased age and the ability to eat firm foods with the back teeth (chewing ability) has a strong influence on both the physical and mental condition of older people. Thus, this study aimed to examine whether the combination of kyphosis and chewing disorders was associated with mortality or the need for care under the new long-term care insurance (LTCI) service requirement, over 3 years in community-dwelling older Japanese adults...
April 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409667/radiobiology-self-assessment-guide
#13
Elaine M Zeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409648/assessment-of-simulated-emergency-scenarios-are-trained-observers-necessary
#14
Juliane Noveanu, Felix Amsler, Wolfgang Ummenhofer, Thomas von Wyl, Mathias Zuercher
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based medical training is associated with superior educational outcomes and improved cost efficiency. Self- and peer-assessment may be a cost-effective and flexible alternative to expert-led assessment. We compared accuracy of self- and peer-assessment of untrained raters using basic evaluation tools to expert assessment using advanced validation tools including validated questionnaires and post hoc video-based analysis. METHODS: Twenty-eight simulated emergency airway management scenarios were observed and video-recorded for further assessment...
April 14, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406111/a-survey-based-study-of-emotional-intelligence-as-it-relates-to-gender-and-academic-performance-of-medical-students
#15
Ashwini P Aithal, Naveen Kumar, Prasaniya Gunasegeran, Sivagamy M Sundaram, Lim Zhen Rong, Sujatha P Prabhu
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to the composite set of capabilities that enable a person to identify, assess, understand, and control emotions of oneself and others. This study was conducted to assess trait EI, to examine possible differences in the EI level of medical students in terms of gender, and to investigate the correlation between EI of medical students and their academic performance. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional survey consisting of a self-assessment questionnaire distributed to 200 undergraduate medical students after informed consent...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406103/remote-online-case-based-learning-a-comparison-of-remote-online-and-face-to-face-case-based-learning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Peter Nicklen, Jenny L Keating, Sophie Paynter, Michael Storr, Stephen Maloney
BACKGROUND: Case-based learning (CBL) is an educational approach where students work in small, collaborative groups to solve problems. Computer assisted learning (CAL) is the implementation of computer technology in education. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a remote-online CBL (RO-CBL) with traditional face-to-face CBL on learning the outcomes of undergraduate physiotherapy students. METHODS: Participants were randomized to either the control (face-to-face CBL) or to the CAL intervention (RO-CBL)...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403369/fear-of-falling-in-older-adults-living-at-home-associated-factors
#17
Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Carla Araujo Bastos Teixeira, Eliandra Laís Vilas Boas, Rúbia Lopes Pereira, Naiana Oliveira Dos Santos, Célia Alves Rozendo
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with the fear of falling in the older adultliving at home. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with probabilistic sampling of older adultenrolled in two Family Health Strategies (FHS). The fear of falling was measured by the Brazilian version of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International and by a household questionnairethat contained the explanatory variables. Multiple Linear Regression using the stepwise selection technique and the Generalized Linear Models were used in the statistical analyses...
April 10, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403271/clinical-assessment-of-immediate-and-long-term-effects-of-a-two-step-topical-hyaluronic-acid-lip-treatment
#18
Elizabeth T Makino, Priscilla Tan, Kun Qian, Michael Babcock, Rahul C Mehta
<p>Key features of lip aging include loss of volume, color, and definition as well as increases in lines/wrinkles and uneven skin texture. A single-center, open-label clinical study was conducted to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a novel, topical two-step lip treatment (HA5 LS) in female subjects presenting with mild to moderate lip dryness and mild to severe lip condition. Subjects were instructed to apply HA5 LS at least three times a day to ensure coverage 8 hours a day for four weeks. Clinical assessments for efficacy and tolerability were conducted at baseline, baseline post-application, week 2, and week 4...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403265/improvement-of-atrophic-acne-scars-in-skin-of-color-using-topical-synthetic-epidermal-growth-factor-egf-serum-a-pilot-study
#19
Marie Alexia Stoddard, Jennifer Herrmann, Lauren Moy, Ronald Moy
<p>BACKGROUND: Atrophic scarring in skin of color is a common, permanent, and distressing result of uncontrolled acne vulgaris. Ablative lasers and chemical peels are frequently used to improve the appearance of atrophic scars, primarily through the stimulation of collagen and elastin; however, these treatment modalities are associated with risks, such as dyspigmentation and hypertrophic scarring, especially in patients with darker skin.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of topically applied synthetic epidermal growth factor (EGF) serum in reducing the appearance of atrophic acne scars in skin of color...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403262/combination-of-in-office-chemical-peels-with-a-topical-comprehensive-pigmentation-control-product-in-skin-of-color-subjects-with-facial-hyperpigmentation
#20
Jeanine Downie, Katie Schneider, Lisa Goberdhan, Elizabeth T Makino, Rahul C Mehta
<p>Dyschromia is one of the primary complaints for patients with skin of color. Treatments need to achieve a balance between tolerability and efficacy to address existing hyperpigmentation without causing additional damage that could trigger post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). An open-label, single-center study was conducted to assess the efficacy of a novel comprehensive pigmentation control serum (LYT2) combined with a series of three very superficial chemical peels (VP) in skin of color subjects...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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