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Self-assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741446/uncovering-the-unknown-a-grounded-theory-study-exploring-the-impact-of-self-awareness-on-the-culture-of-feedback-in-residency-education
#1
Subha Ramani, Karen Könings, Karen V Mann, Cees van der Vleuten
AIM: Self-assessment and reflection are essential for meaningful feedback. We aimed to explore whether the well-known Johari window model of self-awareness could guide feedback conversations between faculty and residents and enhance the institutional feedback culture. METHODS: We had previously explored perceptions of residents and faculty regarding sociocultural factors impacting feedback. We re-analyzed data targeting themes related to self-assessment, reflection, feedback seeking and acceptance, aiming to generate individual and institutional feedback strategies applicable to each quadrant of the window...
July 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740902/urinary-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-men-who-were-treated-with-image-guided-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#2
Simpa S Salami, Edward Obedian, Shawn Zimberg, Carl A Olsson
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) outcomes play a major role in the treatment selection for prostate cancer (CaP). We evaluated the urinary QoL outcomes in men who were treated with image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IG-IMRT) for CaP. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We enrolled men who were diagnosed with CaP and underwent IG-IMRT in a large urological group practice into a prospectively maintained database. The typical radiation treatment dosage to prostates and seminal vesicles was 8100 cGy in 45 fractions...
October 2016: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739559/nurse-moderated-internet-based-support-for-new-mothers-non-inferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Kerrie Bowering, Debra Jeffs, Alyssa C P Sawyer, Murthy Mittinty, John W Lynch
BACKGROUND: Internet-based interventions moderated by community nurses have the potential to improve support offered to new mothers, many of whom now make extensive use of the Internet to obtain information about infant care. However, evidence from population-based randomized controlled trials is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the non-inferiority of outcomes for mothers and infants who received a clinic-based postnatal health check plus nurse-moderated, Internet-based group support when infants were aged 1-7 months as compared with outcomes for those who received standard care consisting of postnatal home-based support provided by a community nurse...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739082/osteoporosis-risk-calculators
#4
Beatrice J Edwards
Osteoporosis is a silent disease until fractures occur, patient recognition is the greatest clinical challenge. Although more than 20 million women in the US are estimated to have established osteoporosis the majority are not appropriately identified. Bone densitometry is the current gold standard for diagnosis of osteoporosis; but may not be feasible or cost-effective to recommend for all postmenopausal women. Therefore, questionnaires incorporating risk factors have been developed to aid the clinician in identifying women with osteoporosis...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738870/cross-sectional-description-of-nursing-and-midwifery-pre-service-education-accreditation-in-east-central-and-southern-africa-in-2013
#5
Carey F McCarthy, Jessica M Gross, Andre R Verani, Annette M Nkowane, Erica L Wheeler, Thokozire J Lipato, Maureen A Kelley
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the World Health Organization issued guidelines, Transforming and Scaling Up Health Professional Education and Training, to improve the quality and relevance of health professional pre-service education. Central to these guidelines was establishing and strengthening education accreditation systems. To establish what current accreditation systems were for nursing and midwifery education and highlight areas for strengthening these systems, a study was undertaken to document the pre-service accreditation policies, approaches, and practices in 16 African countries relative to the 2013 WHO guidelines...
July 24, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737958/state-and-trait-like-variation-in-morning-and-evening-components-of-morningness-eveningness-in-winter-depression
#6
Arcady A Putilov
PURPOSE: Evening preference (eveningness) can be a risk factor for depression and a shift toward morning preference (morningness) can occur in response to treatment. A study of winter depression provides possibility to longitudinally evaluate state- and trait-like variation in morningness-eveningness during treatment in winter and remission in summer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Female patients with winter depression and controls without a psychiatric history (n = 54 and 32 with mean age ± standard deviation of 34...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736876/geriatric-cooperatives-in-southwestern-ontario-a-novel-way-of-increasing-inter-sectoral-partnerships-in-the-care-of-older-adults-with-responsive-behaviours
#7
Iris Gutmanis, Loretta M Hillier
Established in 2010, Geriatric Cooperatives support the evolving Behavioural Supports Ontario (BSO) programme in the South West Local Health Integration Network. Geriatric Cooperatives bring together members representing relevant cross-sectoral services and are tasked with identifying system gaps associated with the BSO target population as well as developing work plans specific to their local area, leveraging local capacity, and co-ordinating and improving linkages between sectors and services. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the partnerships formed over time within these Cooperatives in order to inform their ongoing development and sustainability...
July 24, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735153/self-monitoring-systems-for-personalised-health-care-and-lifestyle-surveillance
#8
EDITORIAL
Giuseppe Coppini, Sara Colantonio
The quality of life and individual well-being are universally recognised as key factors in disease prevention. In particular, lifestyle interventions are effective tools for reducing the risk and incidence of major illnesses, such as cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders. On the other hand, patient role is progressively shifting from being a passive recipient of care towards being a co-producer of her/his health. In this frame, novel devices and systems able to help individuals in self-evaluation are expected to play a crucial role...
July 19, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734709/worldwide-fracture-prediction
#9
Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, Marlene Chakhtoura, Jane A Cauley, Nariman Chamoun
The substantial increase in the burden of non-communicable diseases in general and osteoporosis in particular, necessitates the establishment of efficient and targeted diagnosis and treatment strategies. This chapter reviews and compares different tools for osteoporosis screening and diagnosis; it also provides an overview of different treatment guidelines adopted by countries worldwide. While access to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure bone mineral density (BMD) is limited in most areas in the world, the introduction of risk calculators that combine risk factors, with or without BMD, have resulted in a paradigm shift in osteoporosis screening and management...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733999/retinyl-propionate-and-climbazole-combination-demonstrates-clinical-improvement-to-the-appearance-of-hyperpigmentation-and-deep-wrinkling-with-minimal-irritation
#10
Stacy Hawkins, Jean Adamus, Chung-Yi Chiang, Edwin Covell, Jaime O'Leary, Jian-Ming Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a combination of retinyl propionate and climbazole (RPC) compared to 0.1% retinol for its efficacy, tolerance and aging appearance. METHOD: Forty-five healthy Caucasian females, ages 40-70, with moderately photodamaged facial skin, were recruited for a 16 week randomized, double-blind, IRB approved facial study. The efficacy of RPC treatment was compared to 0.1% retinol, in the same product base formulation, with twice daily, split-face product application...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733805/onabotulinumtoxina-botox-in-the-treatment-of-crow-s-feet-lines-in-japanese-subjects
#11
Kiyonori Harii, Makoto Kawashima, Nobutaka Furuyama, Xiaofang Lei, René Hopfinger, Elisabeth Lee
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of onabotulinumtoxinA in Japanese subjects with crow's feet lines (CFL). METHODS: This phase 3, multicenter, double-blind, randomized study included 2 treatment periods: 6-month placebo-controlled period followed by a 7-month open-label period. In period 1, subjects with moderate to severe CFL received onabotulinumtoxinA 24 U (n = 104) or 12 U (n = 99), or placebo (n = 97). In period 2, placebo subjects switched to onabotulinumtoxinA 24 U or 12 U (double-blind dose)...
July 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733272/adherence-to-web-based-self-assessments-in-long-term-direct-to-patient-research-two-year-study-of-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#12
Peter Joseph Jongen, Ingrid E H Kremer, Elena Hristodorova, Silvia M A A Evers, Anton Kool, Esther M van Noort, Mickaël Hiligsmann
BACKGROUND: Direct-to-patient research via Web-based questionnaires is increasingly being used. Missed data or delayed reporting of data may negatively affect the quality of study results. It is insufficiently known to what degree patients adhere to agreed self-assessment schedule over the long term and whether questionnaires are filled out in a timely manner. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate patients' adherence to a self-assessment schedule with low-frequency long questionnaires versus that with a high-frequency short questionnaire...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733100/long-term-outcomes-after-distal-scaphoid-fractures-a-10-year-follow-up
#13
Martin Clementson, Niels Thomsen, Jack Besjakov, Peter Jørgsholm, Anders Björkman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional, clinical, and radiological outcome 10 years after distal scaphoid fractures. METHODS: From a prospective epidemiological study on posttraumatic radial-sided wrist pain, we evaluated 41 cases of distal scaphoid fractures. All cases had been treated nonsurgically in a thumb spica cast. Patients were examined using radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography at the time of injury and with computed tomography after a median of 10 years (range, 8-11 years)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731911/expert-and-self-assessment-of-lifetime-symptoms-and-diagnosis-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-large-scale-genetic-studies-in-the-general-population-comparison-of-a-clinical-interview-and-a-self-administered-checklist
#14
Jessica Martin, Fabian Streit, Jens Treutlein, Maren Lang, Josef Frank, Andreas J Forstner, Franziska Degenhardt, Stephanie H Witt, Thomas G Schulze, Sven Cichon, Markus M Nöthen, Marcella Rietschel, Jana Strohmaier
Major depression disorder (MDD) is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder and an increasing number of genetic risk variants are being identified. Investigation of their influence in the general population requires accurate and efficient assessment of depressive symptoms. Here, clinical interviews conducted by clinicians are the gold standard. We investigated whether valid and reliable clinical phenotypes can be obtained efficiently using self-administered instruments. Lifetime depressive symptoms and lifetime MDD diagnosis were assessed in 464 population-based individuals using a clinical interview and a structured, self-administered checklist...
July 20, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728951/quality-of-life-and-cochlear-implant-results-in-adults-with-postlingual-hearing-loss
#15
Aline Faria de Sousa, Maria Inês Vieira Couto, Ana Claudia Martinho-Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Considering the variability of results found in the clinical population using a cochlear implant, researchers in the area have been interested in the inclusion of quality of life measures to subjectively assess the benefits of the implantation. OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of life of adult users of cochlear implant. METHODS: A cross-sectional and clinical study in a group of 26 adults of both genders, with mean duration of cochlear implant use of 6...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728325/the-usefulness-of-surgical-treatment-in-slow-flow-vascular-malformation-patients
#16
Gyu Bin Kang, Yong Chan Bae, Su Bong Nam, Seong Hwan Bae, Ji Yoon Sung
BACKGROUND: Many difficulties exist in establishing a treatment plan for slow-flow vascular malformation (SFVM). In particular, little research has been conducted on the surgical treatment of SFVMs. Thus, we investigated what proportion of SFVM patients were candidates for surgical treatment in clinical practice and how useful surgical treatment was in those patients. METHODS: This study included 109 SFVM patients who received care at the authors' clinic from 2007 to 2015...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728063/factors-associated-with-non-return-to-work-in-the-severely-injured-victims-3-years-after-a-road-accident-a-prospective-study
#17
C Pélissier, E Fort, L Fontana, B Charbotel, M Hours
Road accidents may impact victims' physical and/or mental health and socio-occupational life, particularly the capacity to return to work. The purpose of our study is to assess modifiable medical and socio-occupational factors of non-return to work in the severely injured 3 years after a road accident. Among1,168 road accidents casualties in the Rhône administrative Département of France followed for five years, 141 of the 222 severely injured (Maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥ 3) aged more than 16 years who were in work at the time of the accident, reported whether they had returned to work in the 3 years following the accident...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727271/the-effectiveness-of-an-initial-continuing-education-course-in-leadership-for-dentists
#18
P Roig Jornet, E Kalenderian
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of a continuing education course in leadership presented to postdoctoral dentist-leaders. METHODS: The authors developed a 3-day course on leadership and management with topics including self-awareness, leadership qualities, emotional intelligence, communication skills, social skills, conflict management, personal branding, quality improvement and team motivation. Twenty-two course participants with a median age of 37...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726730/estimating-the-availability-of-potential-homes-for-unwanted-horses-in-the-united-states
#19
Emily Weiss, Emily D Dolan, Heather Mohan-Gibbons, Shannon Gramann, Margaret R Slater
There are approximately 200,000 unwanted horses annually in the United States. This study aimed to better understand the potential homes for horses that need to be re-homed. Using an independent survey company through an Omnibus telephone (land and cell) survey, we interviewed a nationally projectable sample of 3036 adults (using both landline and cellular phone numbers) to learn of their interest and capacity to adopt a horse. Potential adopters with interest in horses with medical and/or behavioral problems and self-assessed perceived capacity to adopt, constituted 0...
July 20, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723718/three-dimensional-head-mounted-gaming-task-procedure-maximizes-effects-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-unilateral-vestibular-hypofunction-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#20
Alessandro Micarelli, Andrea Viziano, Ivan Augimeri, Domenico Micarelli, Marco Alessandrini
Considering the emerging advantages related to virtual reality implementation in clinical rehabilitation, the aim of the present study was to discover possible (i) improvements achievable in unilateral vestibular hypofunction patients using a self-assessed head-mounted device (HMD)-based gaming procedure when combined with a classical vestibular rehabilitation protocol (HMD group) as compared with a group undergoing only vestibular rehabilitation and (ii) HMD procedure-related side effects. Therefore, 24 vestibular rehabilitation and 23-matched HMD unilateral vestibular hypofunction individuals simultaneously underwent a 4-week rehabilitation protocol...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
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