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earthquake preparedness and response

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175929/resource-constrained-information-management-providing-governments-with-information-for-earthquake-preparedness
#1
Michael Vatenmacher, Shabtai Isaac, Tal Svoray
This study seeks to attain a better understanding of the information that is required by governments to prepare for earthquakes, and of the constraints they face in obtaining this information. The contributions of the study are two-fold. A survey that was conducted among those responsible for earthquake preparedness actions in different governmental agencies and at different levels revealed on the one hand a desire for information on a broad range of topics, but on the other hand that no resources were allocated in practice to gather this information...
February 7, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162117/setting-foundations-for-developing-disaster-response-metrics
#2
Mahshid Abir, Sue Anne Bell, Neha Puppala, Osama Awad, Melinda Moore
There are few reported efforts to define universal disaster response performance measures. Careful examination of responses to past disasters can inform the development of such measures. As a first step toward this goal, we conducted a literature review to identify key factors in responses to 3 recent events with significant loss of human life and economic impact: the 2003 Bam, Iran, earthquake; the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Using the PubMed (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD) database, we identified 710 articles and retained 124 after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 6, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134070/earthquake-related-orthopedic-injuries-in-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#3
Michelangelo Bortolin, Ilaria Morelli, Amalia Voskanyan, Nina R Joyce, Gregory R Ciottone
: Introduction Earthquake-related trauma results in crush injuries and bony- and soft-tissue trauma. There are no systematic reviews analyzing the typical injury patterns and treatments in "Mega-Mass-Casualty" earthquakes. The characterization of an injury pattern specific to disaster type, be it natural or manmade, is imperative to build an effective disaster preparedness and response system. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093095/pregnant-women-s-awareness-of-social-capital-in-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-affected-areas-of-miyagi-prefecture-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#4
Hidekazu Nishigori, Toshie Nishigori, Kasumi Sakurai, Satoshi Mizuno, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Zen Watanabe, Noriyuki Iwama, Mami Ishikuro, Nozomi Tatsuta, Ichiko Nishijima, Junichi Sugawara, Shinichi Kuriyama, Ikuma Fujiwara, Takahiro Arima, Kunihiko Nakai, Fumiaki Takahashi, Nobuo Yaegashi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the correlation between the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and pregnant women's awareness of social capital 3 to 9 months after the tsunami disaster. METHODS: We analyzed data on responses to a questionnaire by 7451 pregnant women in their second to third trimesters. The proportions of social capital-related items were calculated in the north and south coastal areas of Miyagi Prefecture and were compared with national samples. The factors associated with social capital were estimated by use of multivariate logistic regression analyses...
January 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065174/challenges-of-hospital-response-to-the-twin-earthquakes-of-august-21-2012-in-east-azerbaijan-iran
#5
Mahboub Pouraghaei, Ali Jannati, Peyman Moharamzadeh, Amir Ghaffarzad, Moharram Heshmati Far, Javad Babaie
OBJECTIVE: As the cornerstone of any health system, hospitals have a crucial role in response to disasters. Because hospital experiences in disaster response can be instructive, this study examined the challenges of hospital response to the twin earthquakes of 2012 in East Azerbaijan, Iran. METHODS: In this qualitative study, the challenges of hospital response in the East Azerbaijan earthquakes were examined through focus group discussions. Participants were selected purposefully, and focus group discussions continued until data saturation...
January 9, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628536/human-trafficking-in-nepal-post-earthquake-risk-and-response
#6
Bishal Gyawali, June Keeling, Per Kallestrup
As Nepal mourns the 1-year commemoration of the April 2015 earthquake and its aftershocks that killed more than 8500 people and left thousands injured and displaced, other more hidden repercussions of the resultant chaotic environment need attention: the increased risk of human trafficking. Considering that natural disasters provide a milieu for this illicit trade, there is a need for a robust response from stakeholders such as donors, civil society organizations, and government organizations against human trafficking following disasters such as the Nepal earthquake...
September 15, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466457/lessons-learned-from-the-accident-at-the-fukushima-dai-ichi-nuclear-power-plant-more-than-basic-knowledge-education-and-its-effects-improve-the-preparedness-and-response-to-radiation-emergency
#7
Misao Hachiya, Makoto Akashi
A huge earthquake struck the northeast coast of the main island of Japan on 11 March 2011 triggering an extremely large tsunami to hit the area. The earthquake and tsunami caused serious damage to the Fukushima nuclear power plants (NPPs) of Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), resulting in large amounts of radioactive materials being released into the environment. The major nuclides released were (131)I, (134)Cs and (137)Cs. The deposition of these radioactive materials on land resulted in a high ambient dose of radiation around the NPPs, especially within a 20-km radius...
September 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460161/disaster-preparedness-among-older-japanese-adults-with-long-term-care-needs-and-their-family-caregivers
#8
Tomoko Wakui, Emily M Agree, Tami Saito, Ichiro Kai
OBJECTIVE: In the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, as in Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in the United States, older individuals were at the greatest risk of mortality. Much concern has been raised about developing plans to reduce these risks, but little information has been provided about preparedness, and the key role played by caregivers has been largely unexplored. The aims of this study were thus to examine the preparedness of family caregivers of older adults with long-term care needs and to identify the characteristics of older adults and their caregivers that are associated with poor preparedness and greater concern about disasters...
July 27, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379225/rebuilding-earthquake-struck-nepal-through-community-engagement
#9
Bipin Adhikari, Shiva Raj Mishra, Shristi Raut
Nepal underwent two major earthquakes during 2015 which claimed 9,000 deaths, left more than 23,000 injured, displaced about 2 million people and destroyed about 1,000 health facilities. Emerging health issues and disease outbreaks soon after the earthquakes were major priorities. However, preventive measures such as health education, health promotion and trainings embedded in community engagement remained largely unimplemented. Establishing community preparedness by delivering knowledge about the disasters, preparing contingency plans and conducting disaster drills can be promising in Nepal where geographical inaccessibility invariably impedes the on time management during disasters...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349809/disaster-medicine-in-china-present-and-future
#10
Shi-Ke Hou, Qi Lv, Hui Ding, Yong-Zhong Zhang, Bao-Guo Yu, Zi-Quan Liu, Bin Su, Jin-Yang Liu, Meng-Yang Yu, Zhi-Guang Sun, Hao-Jun Fan
Disaster can strike people in any community at any time anywhere in the world. Disasters occur with high frequency, take on multiple forms, and exert wide influence, typically causing property damage, injuries, and death. As the world's largest developing country, China incurs great costs when a disaster hits. After the Wenchuan earthquake in 2008, the Chinese government focused its attention on the construction of an emergency response system, the creation of disaster prevention and mitigation systems, and the development of a disaster medicine program...
June 28, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277496/the-2015-nepal-earthquake-s-lessons-learned-from-the-disability-and-rehabilitation-sector-s-preparation-for-and-response-to-natural-disasters
#11
Michel D Landry, Phillip S Sheppard, Kit Leung, Chiara Retis, Edwin C Salvador, Sudha R Raman
The frequency of natural disasters appears to be mounting at an alarming rate, and the degree to which people are surviving such traumatic events also is increasing. Postdisaster survival often triggers increases in population and individual disability-related outcomes in the form of impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions, all of which have an important impact on the individual, his or her family, and their community. The increase in postdisaster disability-related outcomes has provided a rationale for the increased role of the disability and rehabilitation sector's involvement in emergency response, including physical therapists...
November 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971453/-medical-relief-response-by-miyako-public-health-center-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami-2011
#12
Hiroki Yanagihara
OBJECTIVES: To improve disaster preparedness, we investigated the response of medical relief activities managed by Iwate Prefectural Miyako Public Health Center during the post-acute phase of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami on March 11, 2011. METHODS: The study divided the post-disaster period into three approximate time segments: Period I (time of disaster through late March), Period II (mid-April), and Period III (end of May in Miyako City, early July in Yamada Town)...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26967576/disaster-preparedness-and-response-improvement-comparison-of-the-2010-haiti-earthquake-related-diagnoses-with-baseline-medical-data
#13
Gerlant van Berlaer, Tom Staes, Dirk Danschutter, Ronald Ackermans, Stefano Zannini, Gabriele Rossi, Ronald Buyl, Geert Gijs, Michel Debacker, Ives Hubloue
OBJECTIVES: Disaster medicine research generally lacks control groups. This study aims to describe categories of diagnoses encountered by the Belgian First Aid and Support Team after the 2010 Haiti earthquake and extract earthquake-related changes from comparison with comparable baseline data. The hypothesis is that besides earthquake-related trauma, medical problems emerge soon, questioning an appropriate composition of Foreign Medical Teams and Interagency Emergency Health Kits. METHODS: Using a descriptive cohort study design, diagnoses of patients presenting to the Belgian field hospital were prospectively registered during 4 weeks after the earthquake and compared with those recorded similarly by Médecins Sans Frontières in the same area and time span in previous and later years...
March 10, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26959647/an-integrated-and-interdisciplinary-model-for-predicting-the-risk-of-injury-and-death-in-future-earthquakes
#14
Stav Shapira, Lena Novack, Yaron Bar-Dayan, Limor Aharonson-Daniel
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive technique for earthquake-related casualty estimation remains an unmet challenge. This study aims to integrate risk factors related to characteristics of the exposed population and to the built environment in order to improve communities' preparedness and response capabilities and to mitigate future consequences. METHODS: An innovative model was formulated based on a widely used loss estimation model (HAZUS) by integrating four human-related risk factors (age, gender, physical disability and socioeconomic status) that were identified through a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological data...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915256/-a-new-stream-of-the-next-disaster-response-with-a-variety-of-hospital-ship-in-japan
#15
REVIEW
Soichiro Kato, Yoshihiro Yamaguchi
In Japan, experience from an earthquake has always provided an opportunity to reconsider measures of disaster preparedness. To facilitate decision-making and its enforcement in a large-scale disaster response, a cross-agency organization and tough infrastructure are required as a foundation of crisis management. In the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster Management Center could not perform their mission due to the collapse of various infrastructure caused by the earthquake...
February 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897621/operation-windshield-and-the-simplification-of-emergency-management
#16
Michael Andrews
Large, complex, multi-stakeholder exercises are the culmination of years of gradual progression through a comprehensive training and exercise programme. Exercises intended to validate training, refine procedures and test processes initially tested in isolation are combined to ensure seamless response and coordination during actual crises. The challenges of integrating timely and accurate situational awareness from an array of sources, including response agencies, municipal departments, partner agencies and the public, on an ever-growing range of media platforms, increase information management complexity in emergencies...
2016: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26356210/the-american-academy-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-society-of-military-orthopaedic-surgeons-orthopaedic-trauma-associations-pediatric-orthopaedic-association-disaster-response-and-preparedness-course
#17
Anthony E Johnson, Tad L Gerlinger, Christopher T Born
A disaster is a catastrophic event that disrupts normal infrastructure to such a degree that normal response mechanisms and capabilities cannot manage what is required to respond appropriately to the event. Launched after the largest urban disaster in modern history--the 2010 Haiti Earthquake--the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons/Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons/Orthopaedic Trauma Association/Pediatric Orthopaedic Association of North America (AAOS/SOMOS/OTA/POSNA) Disaster Response Course (DRC) is designed to prepare orthopaedic surgeons for service in disaster response and humanitarian assistance efforts in both the acute phases as well as in the recovery and reconstructions phases...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311613/comparison-of-two-successive-earthquake-awareness-campaigns-in-israel-improved-methodology-or-a-cumulative-effect
#18
Gilead Shenhar, Michael Rozenfeld, Irina Radomislensky, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: An effective way to reduce casualties from earthquakes is to increase population preparedness. During 2011 to 2013, Israeli authorities executed 3 national-level earthquake awareness campaigns. We aimed to assess the impact of these campaigns on the populace and the ability of the campaigns to produce a cumulative effect throughout the study period. METHODS: Two surveys were conducted 2 weeks after the end of the first campaign and the third campaign in a similar randomly selected representative sample...
February 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26150365/do-social-media-have-a-place-in-public-health-emergency-response
#19
David R Black, J Eric Dietz, Amanda A Stirratt, Daniel C Coster
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain whether analyses of social media trends for various Twitter responses following a major disaster produce implications for improving the focus on public health resources and messaging to disaster victims. METHODS: Radian6 and trend analyses were used to analyze 12-hour counts of Twitter data before, during, and after the March 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami. Radian6 was used to organize tweets into categories of preparedness, emergency response, and public health...
May 2015: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26061423/preparedness-explains-some-differences-between-haiti-and-nepal-s-response-to-earthquake
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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