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Trauma anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907900/-anesthesia-ventilation-and-pain-treatment-in-thoracic-trauma
#1
REVIEW
M Weigeldt, M Paul, S Schulz-Drost, M D Schmittner
The management of anesthesia plays a central role in the treatment of thoracic trauma, both in the initial phase when safeguarding the difficult airway and in the intensive care unit. A rapid transfer to a trauma center should be considered in order to recognize and treat organ dysfunction in time. Development of atelectasis, pneumonia and acute lung failure are common pulmonary complications. Non-invasive ventilation combined with physiotherapy and respiratory training can help to minimize these pulmonary complications...
June 15, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877979/dog-attack-causing-lip-wound
#2
Gabriela Vasconcelos Maia, Amanda Lobão de Albuquerque, Talyne Albuquerque Ximenes, Tibério Gomes Magalhães, Abrahão Cavalcante Gomes de Souza Carvalho
Animal bites are relatively common occurrences reaching about 4.5 millions of people every year. The main aggressor is the domesticated dog, responsible for around 90% of the patients, with children being the most affected, with 70% of the registered patients, while with adults that number is a lot lower (15%). Bites around the head and neck require special attention. Due to the presence of noble structures and the rich local vascularization, any wounds have been immediately addressed to stop bleeding and further complications...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869129/-skin-biopsy-of-inflammatory-skin-diseases-in-childhood-when-is-it-reasonable
#3
REVIEW
A Böer-Auer, R Fölster-Holst
Compared with adulthood, inflammatory skin diseases are relatively rarely biopsied in children. Apart from the invasiveness of the procedure, the required local anesthesia, and the risks of infection and scarring, the psychological trauma of the operation has a higher impact in childhood. If a biopsy is performed, expectations towards the dermatopathology report are high. However, the evaluation of biopsies taken from children is challenging for the dermatopathologist: on the one hand, because the biopsies are often tiny or just superficial shaves and, on the other hand, because criteria for evaluation have mostly been developed from findings in adult biopsy specimens...
June 4, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858524/use-of-a-national-database-to-assess-pediatric-emergency-care-across-u-s-emergency-departments
#4
Kenneth A Michelson, Todd W Lyons, Joel D Hudgins, Jason A Levy, Michael C Monuteaux, Jonathan A Finkelstein, Richard G Bachur
OBJECTIVES: Differences in emergency care for children exist between general and pediatric emergency departments (EDs). Some pediatric quality measures are available but are not routinely employed nationwide. We sought to create a short list of applied measures that would provide a starting point for EDs to measure pediatric emergency care quality, and to compare care between general and pediatric EDs for these measures. METHODS: Previously reported lists comprising 465 pediatric emergency care quality measures were reconciled...
June 2, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852512/predictors-of-knee-arthrofibrosis-and-outcomes-after-arthroscopic-lysis-of-adhesions-following-ligamentous-reconstruction-a-retrospective-case-control-study-with-over-two-years-average-follow-up
#5
Blake M Bodendorfer, Laura E Keeling, Evan M Michaelson, Henry T Shu, Nicholas A Apseloff, James D Spratt, Patrick S Malone, Evan H Argintar
Arthrofibrosis can be a devastating complication after ligamentous knee reconstruction. Beyond early range of motion (ROM), manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) and arthroscopic lysis of adhesions (LOAs) are the most frequently employed interventions for the condition. There is a paucity of data regarding predictive factors of arthrofibrosis requiring MUA and LOA, and even less data regarding changes in validated patient-reported outcome measures following the procedure. A retrospective case-control study was performed at an academic, urban Level I trauma center of patients that developed arthrofibrosis requiring MUA and LOA following ligamentous reconstruction...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845481/comparison-of-intravenous-tramadol-versus-ketorolac-in-the-management-of-postoperative-pain-after-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#6
Saikrishna Degala, Asad Nehal
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the better postoperative analgesic, tramadol, and ketorolac, in patients with maxillofacial trauma and who had undergone maxillofacial surgery, i.e., open reduction internal fixation, under general anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After taking ethical approval from the institution and informed consent, 46 ASA grade I-II patients were block randomized (ABAB) based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and equally divided into two groups in which one group of patients was given intravenous tramadol 100 mg and another group of patients was given intravenous ketorolac 30 mg at the time of closure of skin and was repeated after 8 and 16 h following surgery...
May 29, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798586/-effectiveness-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-spine-surgery-for-treatment-of-lumbar-spine-disorders-with-intraspinal-ossification
#7
Yin Liu, Peng Cai, Qingquan Kong, Yueming Song
Objective: To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness, and security of percutaneous endoscopic spine surgery for treatment of lumbar spine disorders with intraspinal ossification. Methods: Between July 2008 and June 2016, 96 patients with lumbar spine disorders (lumbar disc herniation or lumbar spinal stenosis) with intraspinal ossification were treated with percutaneous endoscopic spine surgery. There were 59 males and 37 females, aged from 13 to 57 years (mean, 29...
November 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798564/-treatment-of-multiple-segments-of-thoracolumbar-tuberculosis-using-posterior-unilateral-debridement-with-bone-graft-and-internal-fixation
#8
Zenghui Zhao, Yong Zhu, Wei Luo, Xing Du, Jianxiao Li, Yunsheng Ou, Zhengxue Quan
Objective: To explore the effectiveness and related issues in the treatment of multiple segments of thoracolumbar tuberculosis through posterior unilateral debridement with bone graft and internal fixation. Methods: The clinical data of 29 patients with multiple segments of thoracolumbar tuberculosis who met the selection criteria were retrospective analyzed between January 2012 and July 2015. There were 17 males and 12 females, with age of 21-62 years (mean, 37...
September 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794269/wireless-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-for-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-i-of-the-upper-extremity-a-case-illustration-introducing-a-novel-technology
#9
Daniel Herschkowitz, Jana Kubias
BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a debilitating painful disorder, cryptic in its pathophysiology and refractory condition with limited therapeutic options. Type I CRPS with its variable relationship to trauma has often no discernible fractures or nerve injuries and remains enigmatic in its response to conservative treatment as well as the other limited interventional therapies. Neuromodulation in the form of spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion stimulation (SCS, DRGS) has shown encouraging results, especially of causalgia or CRPS I of lower extremities...
April 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774222/asymmetrical-traumatic-bilateral-hip-dislocations-with-hemodynamic-instability-and-an-unstable-pelvic-ring-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Kai Huang, Grey Giddins, Jian-Fang Zhang, Jian-Wei Lu, Jun-Ming Wan, Peng-Li Zhang, Shao-Yu Zhu
Simultaneous anterior and posterior traumatic dislocations of both hips are very rare. Only 33 cases have been previously reported in the English language literature. Although they were all due to high-energy injuries, they were hemodynamically stable and had a stable pelvic ring. We report a unique case of asymmetrical hip dislocations with an unstable pelvic ring and hemodynamic instability. A 40-year-old man was injured in a high-energy motor vehicle accident. He was hemodynamically unstable when he presented in the emergency department...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762292/a-dedicated-satellite-trauma-orthopaedic-program-operating-room-safely-increases-capacity
#11
Peter M Waters, Brian W Yang, Doreen White, Ellen Barth, Vincent Chiang, Arielle Mizrahi-Arnaud, William Sparks
BACKGROUND: Providing high-value care for urgent orthopaedic trauma patients requires effective and timely treatment. Herein, we describe the implementation of an innovative program utilizing the operating room (OR) capacity of a satellite campus to decrease stress on a pediatric tertiary care center without jeopardizing patient safety. METHODS: In addition to the daily emergency surgical room on the main campus, a dedicated orthopaedic trauma surgery OR was established in a satellite hospital location for 3 days per week in the summer and for 2 days per week for the rest of the year...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759919/does-pepsin-play-a-role-in-etiology-of-laryngeal-nodules
#12
Hamdi Tasli, Burcu Eser, Mehmet Burak Asik, Hakan Birkent
OBJECTIVES: Vocal fold nodules (VFNs) are benign disorders affecting the superficial lamina propria of the true vocal folds. The etiology of VFNs still remains unclear but laryngeal trauma caused by vocal abuse, tobacco, alcohol, and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) plays a crucial role on the pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of pepsin in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FEPE) specimens of VFNs to evaluate the role of LPR as a risk factor for VFNs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 pathology specimens of patients suffering from VFNs who had undergone laser microsurgery under general anesthesia were evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755607/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-nerve-palsy-following-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#13
Shunsuke Kawano, Motoki Sonohata, Masaru Kitajima, Masaaki Mawatari
Background: Nerve palsy following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a complication that worsens the functional prognosis. The present study analyzed the risk factors of nerve palsy following THA. Methods: The subjects of this study included 6,123 cases in which primary THA was performed under spinal anesthesia with cementless implants used in the posterolateral approach. Results: Fourteen cases (0.22%) developed nerve palsy following THA, all of which involved palsy of the entire peroneal nerve region...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742729/complications-in-transorbital-penetrating-injury-by-bamboo-branch-a-case-report
#14
Lei Feng, Xiaojun He, Jie Chen, Shuang Ni, Biao Jiang, Jian-Ming Hua
RATIONALE: Wooden transorbital penetrating injury is an uncommon and serious trauma that may cause multiply complications. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we describe a 62-year-old Chinese woman with a transorbital penetrating injury caused by a long bamboo branch. DIAGNOSIS: Computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of a wooden foreign body. INTERVENTIONS: Cerebrovascular digital subtraction angiography and temporary balloon occlusion were performed with general anesthesia...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731586/piercing-ear-keloid-excision-using-loupe-magnification-and-topical-liquid-silicone-gel-as-adjuvant
#15
Bellam A Ramesh, J Mohan
Background: Keloid is an abnormal growth of scar at the site of skin injury, which usually does not regress. It proliferates beyond the original scar. The ear keloid usually develops after piercing injury to wear ornaments. A patient usually asks for removal of keloid, as it is aesthetically unpleasant. Patient may sometimes complain of itching and pain. Aim: The study was conducted to analyze results following excision of keloid with its tract and topical silicone gel as the postsurgical adjuvant...
January 2018: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731567/peripheral-ameloblastic-fibrodentinoma-in-a-3-year-old-boy-report-of-an-unusual-and-rare-case
#16
Vaneet Kaur, T N Tilakraj
We report a rare and unusual case of a Peripheral Ameloblastic Fibro-Dentinoma (PAFD) occurring in a 3 year old Indian boy. The boy presented to the hospital complaining of swelling in anterior maxillary region with a history of trauma. Periapical radiography of the area did not reveal any bone resorption. The entire mass was excised under local anesthesia, and the histological examination revealed a diagnosis of PAFD. The postoperative course was satisfactory and the excised area has remained free of recurrence for 9 months...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682224/subcutaneous-emphysema-during-root-canal-therapy-endodontic-accident-by-sodium-hypoclorite
#17
Gianluca Tenore, Gaspare Palaia, Chiara Ciolfi, Mohamed Mohsen, Andrea Battisti, Umberto Romeo
Introduction: Cervicofacial subcutaneous emphysema is defined as the abnormal introduction of air in the subcutaneous tissues of the head and neck. It is mainly caused by trauma, head and neck surgery, general anesthesia, and coughing or habitual performance of Valsalva manoeuvre. The occurrence of subcutaneous emphysema after dental treatment is rare, and diffusion of gas into the mediastinum is much rarer, especially when the procedure is a nonsurgical treatment. Presented here is a case of subcutaneous emphysema that occurred after sodium hypochlorite irrigation during endodontic treatment, and the description of its etiologies and prevention during nonsurgical endodontic treatment...
September 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677057/newborn-resuscitation-skills-in-health-care-providers-at-a-zambian-tertiary-center-and-comparison-to-world-health-organization-standards
#18
Sara C Mistry, Richard Lin, Hazel Mumphansha, Laura C Kettley, Janaki A Pearson, Sonia Akrimi, David J Mayne, Wonder Hangoma, M Dylan Bould
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is a leading cause of early neonatal death. In 2013, 32% of neonatal deaths in Zambia were attributable to birth asphyxia and trauma. Basic, timely interventions are key to improving outcomes. However, data from the World Health Organization suggest that resuscitation is often not initiated, or is conducted suboptimally. Currently, there are little data on the quality of newborn resuscitation in the context of a tertiary center in a lower-middle income country...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668621/penetrating-neck-trauma-caused-by-a-rebar-a-case-report
#19
Yan Wang, Yu Sun, Tao Zhou, Guo-Hui Liu, Xiao-Meng Zhang, Jian-Xin Yue, Xin-Gao Xiong, Bang-Hua Liu, Chen-Zhang Yang, Weijia Kong, Yan-Jun Wang
RATIONALE: Penetrating neck trauma has a mortality of 3% to 6% and is associated with serious complications, mainly due to the high density of vital structures in this area and the lack of corresponding protection from bone. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old man who suffered neck trauma involving the parotid gland, caused by a rebar, after suffering a fall from the second floor of a building. DIAGNOSES: Penetrating neck trauma. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a neck exploration under general anesthesia in the emergency operating room and tracheotomy was performed prophylactically...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668582/bilateral-visual-loss-and-cerebral-infarction-after-spleen-embolization-in-a-trauma-patient-with-idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-a-case-report
#20
Wei-Ting Wang, Yu-Yu Li, Wan-Ching Lin, Jen-Yin Chen, Kuo-Mao Lan, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Kuo-Chuan Hung
RATIONALE: Splenic artery embolization (SAE) is a common procedure in trauma patients with blunt splenic injuries. We report a case of acute ischemic stroke following orthopedic surgery in a patient with post-SAE reactive thrombocytosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 37-year-old woman with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) suffered from multiple trauma scheduled for open reduction and internal fixation for right tibial and left radius fracture five days after SAE...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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