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Proximal interphalangeal arthrodesis

Richard M Jay, D Scot Malay, Adam S Landsman, Nathan Jennato, James Huish, Melissa Younger
We undertook a multicenter, parallel treatment arm, randomized controlled trial to compare the outcomes after surgery for the treatment of lesser digital hammertoe using either a Kirschner wire or a 2-piece intramedullary, stainless steel implant for fixation of the proximal interphalangeal joint. Our primary aim was to compare the incidence of arthrodesis and complications, and our secondary aim was to compare the subjective foot-related outcomes measured using the Bristol Foot Score and the Foot Function Index, stratified by fixation group...
July 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Christopher R Hood, Douglas K Blacklidge, Scott M Hoffman
UNLABELLED: Digital arthrodesis is one of the most common surgical procedures performed by the foot and ankle surgeon. The market offers a variety of devices available to the surgeon to accomplish solid, permanent, and safe fusion for the patient. However, with these new devices come high surgical costs, adding to the burden on the already strapped health care system. We offer a simple technique updating the way in which a Kirschner wire is utilized for interphalangeal digital arthrodesis that employs the benefits of the newer implantable devices at a fraction of the cost...
October 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
J D McCormick, J P Watkins
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Double plate fixation has been reported in a small number of horses with comminuted fractures of the middle phalanx. There are no published reports using this technique in the management of other injuries that destabilise the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIJ), including biaxial palmar/plantar eminence fractures and disruption of the palmar/plantar soft tissue support structures of the PIJ. Furthermore, there is a paucity of information on the long-term prognosis for horses undergoing double plate fixation to manage destabilising injuries of the PIJ OBJECTIVES: To further document the clinical use of double plate fixation for management of injuries to the PIJ resulting in palmar/plantar instability and compare these results with other methods of management...
April 2, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
Paul G Arauz, Sue A Sisto, Imin Kao
This article presented an assessment of quantitative measures of workspace (WS) attributes under simulated proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint arthrodesis of the index finger. Seven healthy subjects were tested with the PIP joint unconstrained (UC) and constrained to selected angles using a motion analysis system. A model of the constrained finger was developed in order to address the impact of the inclusion of prescribed joint arthrodesis angles on WS attributes. Model parameters were obtained from system identification experiments involving flexion-extension (FE) movements of the UC and constrained finger...
May 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Andre Eu-Jin Cheah, Jeffrey Yao
The proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint may be affected by many conditions such as arthropathy, fractures, dislocations, and malunions. Whereas some of these conditions may be treated nonsurgically, many require open surgical intervention. Open interventions include implant arthroplasty or arthrodesis for arthropathy, open reduction internal fixation, or hemi-hamate arthroplasty for dorsal fracture-dislocations. Volar plate arthroplasty and corrective osteotomy for malunion about the PIP joint are also surgeries that may be required...
February 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
O Flannery, O Harley, R Badge, A Birch, D Nuttall, I A Trail
The MatOrtho proximal interphalangeal replacement is a cementless cobalt-chromium metal-on-polyethylene mobile-bearing surface replacement arthroplasty. The aim of this study is to report the outcome and complications of this implant at a minimum of 2 years follow-up from a single institution. A retrospective case review was performed on all MatOrtho proximal interphalangeal joint replacements performed with a minimum of 2 years follow-up. Patient demographics, diagnosis, implant revision and other surgical interventions were recorded...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Masaki Fujioka, Kenji Hayashida
PURPOSE: Management of finger amputations of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint is still controversial. Regrettably, injured PIP joints seldom regain normal active motion; thus, many investigators recommend revision amputation with skeletal injury at or proximal to the PIP joint. We report the functional outcome of patients with replantation or revascularization following complete or incomplete amputations of the PIP joint. METHODS: A total of 15 digital replantations or revascularization were performed on 11 patients (9 males and 2 females, age, 26-69 years) with severe finger injuries at the PIP joint at our Medical Center from 2010 through 2012...
2015: Journal of Trauma Management & Outcomes
David T Netscher, Kristy L Hamilton, Lior Paz
BACKGROUND: This study demonstrates the potential for radiographic and clinical improvement with surgical correction of camptodactyly. Although historically these radiographic changes have been held to be permanent, the authors encourage surgical intervention for digits with severe flexion contracture or progressive radiographic changes before skeletal maturity is reached. METHODS: The authors assessed 18 consecutively operated fingers in nine skeletally immature patients in whom advanced radiographic articular changes had occurred...
November 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
T D Herthel, M C Rick, C E Judy, N D Cohen, D J Herthel
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Outcomes associated with arthrodesis of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint in Quarter Horses used for Western performance activities are well documented but little is known regarding outcomes for other types of horses. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with outcomes, including breed and activity, after arthrodesis of the PIP joint in Warmbloods, Thoroughbreds and Quarter Horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
September 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
Mark A Vitale, Kristin M Fruth, Marco Rizzo, Steven L Moran, Sanjeev Kakar
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of prosthetic arthroplasty versus arthrodesis to treat index finger proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint arthritis. METHODS: Patients with osteoarthritis or posttraumatic arthritis of index finger PIP joints were evaluated. Digit range of motion, grip and pinch strength, patient-rated pain and satisfaction scores, Michigan Hand Questionnaire scores, and complications were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 79 finger PIP joints were followed for a median of 67 months overall (72 months for arthroplasty and 8 months for the arthrodesis group)...
October 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery
Raghuveer C Muppavarapu, Michael J Waters, Matthew I Leibman, Mark R Belsky, David E Ruchelsman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of collagenase injections with that of fasciectomy in the treatment of Dupuytren's contracture. METHODS: This is a case-control retrospective study. We reviewed the electronic medical records from January 2009 through January 2013, identifying 142 consecutive patients who underwent either fasciectomy or collagenase injection. Exclusion criteria for both groups were age <18 years, pregnant women, and arthroplasty or arthrodesis of the treated joint...
June 2015: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Richard A Rocconi, James L Carmalt, Sarah N Sampson, Steve H Elder, Eric E Gilbert
This study compared in vitro monotonic and cyclic mechanical properties of equine proximal interphalangeal joint arthrodeses stabilized using an open or closed technique combined with axial 4.5 mm narrow limited-contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) or 4.5 mm narrow locking compression plate (LCP). Ten forelimb pairs were randomly assigned to LCP or LC-DCP groups. One limb in each pair was assigned to either open or closed technique. Limbs were tested for cyclic fatigue at 20 000 cycles and then single-cycle to failure under 3-point dorsopalmar bending...
June 2015: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Attilio Basile, Francesco Albo, Alessio Giai Via
Hammertoe is one of the most common foot deformities. Arthrodesis or arthroplasty of the proximal interphalangeal joint using temporary Kirschner wire fixation is the most widespread method of surgical stabilization. However, this type of fixation is associated with some potential complications that can be obviated if percutaneous fixation is avoided. The purpose of the present study was to prospectively collect clinical and radiographic outcomes of operative correction of hammertoe deformity using a permanently implanted 1-piece intramedullary device...
September 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Faiz Khan, Shiori Kimura, Tayyab Ahmad, Darren D'Souza, Lester D'Souza
BACKGROUND: Arthrodesis of small joints for hammer and claw toe deformities is a common forefoot operative procedure. Our objective was to review patients who underwent small toe arthrodesis with Smart Toe(©) intramedullary monobloc implant. Our aim was to assess patient's surgical outcome and to ascertain implant suitability. METHODS: This procedure was undertaken in 90 patients from February 2011 to December 2012. We present our review of 82 (91.1%) patients who attended the final six 6-month follow up...
June 2015: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Benjamin Braun, Andrew Bogle, Ethan Wiesler
Using radiographs of a cross section of patients, measurements of phalanges were done to aid in surgical planning for distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) arthrodesis using a headless compression screw. Measurements were performed of the distal and middle phalanx of all fingers and the proximal and distal phalanx of the thumb. Three independent reviewers measured 50 patients. The average measurements (in mm) of anteroposterior (AP) dimensions were as follows: for the thumb P1 and P2: 5.7 and 5.5, lateral 4.2 and 3...
2015: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Paolo Ceccarini, Alfredo Ceccarini, Giuseppe Rinonapoli, Auro Caraffa
Existing techniques for surgical treatment of hammer toe commonly combine skeletal and soft tissues interventions to obtain a durable correction of the deformity, balance the musculotendinous forces of flexion and extension of the toe, and normalization of the relations between interosseous muscles and metatarsal bones. The most common surgical techniques can provide the correction of the deformity through arthroplasty with resection of the head of the proximal phalanx or arthrodesis of the proximal interphalangeal joint...
July 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Richard A Bernstein
Osteoarthritis of the hand continues to be a problem in an aging population and affects the proximal and distal interphalangeal, metacarpophalangeal, and carpometacarpal joints in the hands. Heberden nodes develop in the distal interphalangeal joints and typically present as a deformed and enlarged joint and can cause pain. Surgery rarely is necessary because functional difficulties are uncommon; however, there may be problems if the metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints are involved because cartilage destruction generates pain and causes weakness and motion loss...
2015: Instructional Course Lectures
Kurt Pettersson, Anders Amilon, Marco Rizzo
PURPOSE: To review clinical, subjective, and radiographic results of pyrocarbon hemiarthroplasty for proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint arthritis. METHODS: A total of 42 fingers in 38 patients underwent PIP joint hemiarthroplasty between 2005 and 2011. Preoperative diagnoses included 28 with osteoarthritis or posttraumatic arthritis and 10 with inflammatory arthritis. Average age at the time of surgery was 56 years. Digits treated included: index (10), middle (20), ring (9), and little (3)...
March 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery
E Muggli, E Weidmann, A Bruderer, K Nuss
A two-year-old Braunvieh heifer was presented with a traumatic luxation of the second phalanx of the medial digit and concurrent subluxation of the second phalanx of the lateral digit of the right hindlimb. Closed reduction of both luxations was possible. Surgical arthrodesis was achieved using one narrow 4.5 mm three-hole equine locking compression plate for each joint. Placement of the bone plates resulted in stable arthrodesis of both proximal interphalangeal joints of the right hindlimb but there was persistent residual lameness...
2015: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Jong-pil Seo, Takashi Yamaga, Nao Tsuzuki, Kazutaka Yamada, Shingo Haneda, Hidefumi Furuoka, Yasuhiko Tabata, Naoki Sasaki
This pilot study assessed the efficacy of 2 minimally invasive techniques for proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint arthrodesis in horses. The PIP joints of both forelimbs (n = 6) were stabilized with locking compression plates (LCP) using a minimally invasive technique (LCP technique). Subsequently, for 1 randomly selected PIP joint of each horse, surgical drilling (SurD) was performed and tissue engineering (TE) was applied (LCP/SurD/TE technique). Minimally invasive PIP joint arthrodesis with LCP demonstrated low postoperative infection rates...
November 2014: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
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