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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185323/an-ultrasensitive-visco-poroelastic-artificial-mechanotransducer-skin-inspired-by-piezo2-protein-in-mammalian-merkel-cells
#1
Ming Liang Jin, Sangsik Park, Younghoon Lee, Ji Hye Lee, Junho Chung, Joo Sung Kim, Jong-Seon Kim, So Young Kim, Eunsong Jee, Dae Woo Kim, Jae Woo Chung, Seung Geol Lee, Dukhyun Choi, Hee-Tae Jung, Do Hwan Kim
An artificial ionic mechanotransducer skin with an unprecedented sensitivity over a wide spectrum of pressure by fabricating visco-poroelastic nanochannels and microstructured features, directly mimicking the physiological tactile sensing mechanism of Piezo2 protein is demonstrated. This capability enables voice identification, health monitoring, daily pressure measurements, and even measurements of a heavy weight beyond capabilities of human skin.
February 10, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044050/piezo2-a-candidate-biomarker-for-visceral-hypersensitivity-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#2
Tao Bai, Ying Li, Jing Xia, Yudong Jiang, Lei Zhang, Huan Wang, Wei Qian, Jun Song, Xiaohua Hou
Background/Aim: Currently, there exists no biomarker for visceral hypersensitivity in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Piezo proteins have been proven to play an important role in the mechanical stimulation to induce visceral pain in other tissues and may also be a biomarker candidate. The aim of this study was to test the expressions of Piezo1 and Piezo2 proteins in the intestinal epithelial cells from different intestinal segments and to explore the correlation between Piezo proteins expression and visceral pain threshold...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039570/different-transcriptional-profiling-between-senescent-and-non-senescent-human-coronary-artery-endothelial-cells-hcaecs-by-omeprazole-and-lansoprazole-treatment
#3
Laura Costarelli, Robertina Giacconi, Marco Malavolta, Andrea Basso, Francesco Piacenza, Mauro Provinciali, Marcello G Maggio, Andrea Corsonello, Fabrizia Lattanzio
Recent evidence suggests that high dose and/or long term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may increase the risk of adverse cardiovascular events in older patients, but mechanisms underlying these detrimental effects are not known. Taking into account that the senescent endothelial cells have been implicated in the genesis or promotion of age-related cardiovascular disease, we hypothesized an active role of PPIs in senescent cells. The aim of this study is to investigate the changes in gene expression occurring in senescent and non-senescent human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) following Omeprazole (OPZ) or Lansoprazole (LPZ) treatment...
December 30, 2016: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002412/piezo2-senses-airway-stretch-and-mediates-lung-inflation-induced-apnoea
#4
Keiko Nonomura, Seung-Hyun Woo, Rui B Chang, Astrid Gillich, Zhaozhu Qiu, Allain G Francisco, Sanjeev S Ranade, Stephen D Liberles, Ardem Patapoutian
Respiratory dysfunction is a notorious cause of perinatal mortality in infants and sleep apnoea in adults, but the mechanisms of respiratory control are not clearly understood. Mechanical signals transduced by airway-innervating sensory neurons control respiration; however, the physiological significance and molecular mechanisms of these signals remain obscured. Here we show that global and sensory neuron-specific ablation of the mechanically activated ion channel Piezo2 causes respiratory distress and death in newborn mice...
January 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974811/recessive-piezo2-stop-mutation-causes-distal-arthrogryposis-with-distal-muscle-weakness-scoliosis-and-proprioception-defects
#5
Goknur Haliloglu, Kerstin Becker, Cagri Temucin, Beril Talim, Nalan Küçükşahin, Matthias Pergande, Susanne Motameny, Peter Nürnberg, Ustun Aydingoz, Haluk Topaloglu, Sebahattin Cirak
The genetic work-up of arthrogryposis is challenging due to the diverse clinical and molecular etiologies. We report a-18(3/12)-year-old boy, from a 2nd degree consanguineous family, who presented at 3(6/12) years with hypotonia, distal laxity, contractures, feeding difficulties at birth. He required surgery for progressive scoliosis at 16 years of age, and walked independently since then with an unstable gait and coordination defects. His latest examination at 18 years of age revealed a proprioceptive defect and loss-of-joint position sense in the upper limbs...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912047/biallelic-loss-of-proprioception-related-piezo2-causes-muscular-atrophy-with-perinatal-respiratory-distress-arthrogryposis-and-scoliosis
#6
Andrea Delle Vedove, Markus Storbeck, Raoul Heller, Irmgard Hölker, Malavika Hebbar, Anju Shukla, Olafur Magnusson, Sebahattin Cirak, Katta M Girisha, Mary O'Driscoll, Bart Loeys, Brunhilde Wirth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893727/mechanosensory-hair-cells-express-two-molecularly-distinct-mechanotransduction-channels
#7
Zizhen Wu, Nicolas Grillet, Bo Zhao, Christopher Cunningham, Sarah Harkins-Perry, Bertrand Coste, Sanjeev Ranade, Navid Zebarjadi, Maryline Beurg, Robert Fettiplace, Ardem Patapoutian, Ulrich Müller
Auditory hair cells contain mechanotransduction channels that rapidly open in response to sound-induced vibrations. We report here that auditory hair cells contain two molecularly distinct mechanotransduction channels. One ion channel is activated by sound and is responsible for sensory transduction. This sensory transduction channel is expressed in hair cell stereocilia, and previous studies show that its activity is affected by mutations in the genes encoding the transmembrane proteins TMHS, TMIE, TMC1 and TMC2...
January 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843126/biallelic-loss-of-proprioception-related-piezo2-causes-muscular-atrophy-with-perinatal-respiratory-distress-arthrogryposis-and-scoliosis
#8
Andrea Delle Vedove, Markus Storbeck, Raoul Heller, Irmgard Hölker, Malavika Hebbar, Anju Shukla, Olafur Magnusson, Sebahattin Cirak, Katta M Girisha, Mary O'Driscoll, Bart Loeys, Brunhilde Wirth
We report ten individuals of four independent consanguineous families from Turkey, India, Libya, and Pakistan with a variable clinical phenotype that comprises arthrogryposis, spontaneously resolving respiratory insufficiency at birth, muscular atrophy predominantly of the distal lower limbs, scoliosis, and mild distal sensory involvement. Using whole-exome sequencing, SNPchip-based linkage analysis, DNA microarray, and Sanger sequencing, we identified three independent homozygous frameshift mutations and a homozygous deletion of two exons in PIEZO2 that segregated in all affected individuals of the respective family...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743844/touch-tension-and-transduction-the-function-and-regulation-of-piezo-ion-channels
#9
REVIEW
Jason Wu, Amanda H Lewis, Jörg Grandl
In 2010, two proteins, Piezo1 and Piezo2, were identified as the long-sought molecular carriers of an excitatory mechanically activated current found in many cells. This discovery has opened the floodgates for studying a vast number of mechanotransduction processes. Over the past 6 years, groundbreaking research has identified Piezos as ion channels that sense light touch, proprioception, and vascular blood flow, ruled out roles for Piezos in several other mechanotransduction processes, and revealed the basic structural and functional properties of the channel...
January 2017: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714920/familial-gordon-syndrome-associated-with-a-piezo2-mutation
#10
Franz Alisch, Alexander Weichert, Karim Kalache, Viola Paradiso, Ann Carolin Longardt, Christof Dame, Katrin Hoffmann, Denise Horn
Gordon syndrome or distal arthrogryposis type 3 is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by contractures of upper and lower limbs. It is distinguishable from other forms of distal arthrogryposis by cleft palate and short stature. Recently, Gordon syndrome has been associated to heterozygous mutations in the piezo-type mechanosensitive ion channel component 2 gene (PIEZO2). Different mutations of this gene also cause distal arthrogryposis type 5 and Marden-Walker syndrome. Dysfunction of this ion channel provides pleiotropic effects on joints, ocular muscles, and bone development...
January 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702909/transcriptome-analysis-of-trigeminal-ganglia-following-masseter-muscle-inflammation-in-rats
#11
Man-Kyo Chung, Jennifer Park, Jamila Asgar, Jin Y Ro
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain in masticatory muscles is a major medical problem. Although mechanisms underlying persistent pain in masticatory muscles are not fully understood, sensitization of nociceptive primary afferents following muscle inflammation or injury contributes to muscle hyperalgesia. It is well known that craniofacial muscle injury or inflammation induces regulation of multiple genes in trigeminal ganglia, which is associated with muscle hyperalgesia. However, overall transcriptional profiles within trigeminal ganglia following masseter inflammation have not yet been determined...
2016: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607563/loss-of-the-proprioception-and-touch-sensation-channel-piezo2-in-siblings-with-a-progressive-form-of-contractures
#12
A A Mahmud, N A Nahid, C Nassif, M S B Sayeed, M U Ahmed, M Parveen, M I Khalil, M M Islam, Z Nahar, F Rypens, F F Hamdan, G A Rouleau, A Hasnat, J L Michaud
Dominant mutations in PIEZO2, which codes for the principal mechanotransduction channel for proprioception and touch sensation, have been found to cause different forms of distal arthrogryposis. Some observations suggest that these dominant mutations induce a gain-of-function effect on the channel. Here, we report a consanguineous family with three siblings who showed short stature, scoliosis, gross motor impairment, and a progressive form of contractures involving the distal joints that is distinct from that found in patients with dominant mutations in PIEZO2...
September 8, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392819/mechanosensitive-ion-channel-piezo2-is-important-for-enterochromaffin-cell-response-to-mechanical-forces
#13
Fan Wang, Kaitlyn Knutson, Constanza Alcaino, David R Linden, Simon J Gibbons, Purna Kashyap, Madhusudan Grover, Richard Oeckler, Philip A Gottlieb, Hui Joyce Li, Andrew B Leiter, Gianrico Farrugia, Arthur Beyder
KEY POINTS: The gastrointestinal epithelial enterochromaffin (EC) cell synthesizes the vast majority of the body's serotonin. As a specialized mechanosensor, the EC cell releases this serotonin in response to mechanical forces. However, the molecular mechanism of EC cell mechanotransduction is unknown. In the present study, we show, for the first time, that the mechanosensitive ion channel Piezo2 is specifically expressed by the human and mouse EC cells. Activation of Piezo2 by mechanical forces results in a characteristic ionic current, the release of serotonin and stimulation of gastrointestinal secretion...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345391/native-piezo2-interactomics-identifies-pericentrin-as-a-novel-regulator-of-piezo2-in-somatosensory-neurons
#14
Pratibha Narayanan, Julia Sondermann, Tom Rouwette, Samir Karaca, Henning Urlaub, Mišo Mitkovski, David Gomez-Varela, Manuela Schmidt
The ability of somatosensory neurons to perceive mechanical stimuli relies on specialized mechanotransducing proteins and their molecular environment. Only recently has the identity of a major transducer of mechanical forces in vertebrates been revealed by the discovery of Piezo2. Further work has established its pivotal role for innocuous touch in mice. Therefore, Piezo2 offers a unique platform for the molecular investigation of somatosensory mechanosensation. We performed a mass spectrometry-based interactomics screen on native Piezo2 in somatosensory neurons of mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRG)...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329839/piezo2-protein-a-novel-regulator-of-tumor-angiogenesis-and-hyperpermeability
#15
Hong Yang, Chang Liu, Rong-Mei Zhou, Jin Yao, Xiu-Miao Li, Yi Shen, Hong Cheng, Jun Yuan, Biao Yan, Qin Jiang
Angiogenesis is important for invasive tumor growth and metastasis. Its inhibition is a promising tactic for limiting tumor progression. Here, we showed that Piezo2 knockdown led to decreased glioma angiogenesis and reduced vascular hyperpermeability. Piezo2 was highly expressed in tumor endothelial cells, and its knockdown suppressed vascular leakage and tumor angiogenesis. In a retinal vasculature development assay, corneal angiogenesis assay and a modified Miles assay, Piezo2 knockdown obviously decreased angiogenesis and vascular hyperpermeability...
July 12, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184818/a-critical-role-for-piezo2-channels-in-the-mechanotransduction-of-mouse-proprioceptive-neurons
#16
Danny Florez-Paz, Kiran Kumar Bali, Rohini Kuner, Ana Gomis
Proprioceptors are responsible for the conscious sensation of limb position and movement, muscle tension or force, and balance. Recent evidence suggests that Piezo2 is a low threshold mechanosensory receptor in the peripheral nervous system, acting as a transducer for touch sensation and proprioception. Thus, we characterized proprioceptive neurons in the mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus that are involved in processing proprioceptive information from the face and oral cavity. This is a specific population of neurons that produce rapidly adapting mechanically-activated currents that are fully dependent on Piezo2...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164907/demystifying-mechanosensitive-piezo-ion-channels
#17
X Z Shawn Xu
Mechanosensitive channels mediate touch, hearing, proprioception, and blood pressure regulation. Piezo proteins, including Piezo1 and Piezo2, represent a new class of mechanosensitive channels that have been reported to play key roles in most, if not all, of these modalities. The structural architecture and molecular mechanisms by which Piezos act as mechanosensitive channels, however, remain mysterious. Two new studies have now provided critical insights into the atomic structure and molecular basis of the ion permeation and mechano-gating properties of the Piezo1 channel...
June 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023350/piezo1-dependent-regulation-of-urinary-osmolarity
#18
Joana Raquel Martins, David Penton, Rémi Peyronnet, Malika Arhatte, Céline Moro, Nicolas Picard, Birgül Kurt, Amanda Patel, Eric Honoré, Sophie Demolombe
The collecting duct (CD) is the final segment of the kidney involved in the fine regulation of osmotic and ionic balance. During dehydration, arginine vasopressin (AVP) stimulates the expression and trafficking of aquaporin 2 (AQP2) to the apical membrane of CD principal cells, thereby allowing water reabsorption from the primary urine. Conversely, when the secretion of AVP is lowered, as for instance upon water ingestion or as a consequence of diabetes insipidus, the CD remains water impermeable leading to enhanced diuresis and urine dilution...
July 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929410/regulation-of-piezo2-mechanotransduction-by-static-plasma-membrane-tension-in-primary-afferent-neurons
#19
Zhanfeng Jia, Ryo Ikeda, Jennifer Ling, Viacheslav Viatchenko-Karpinski, Jianguo G Gu
The Piezo2 channel is a newly identified mammalian mechanical transducer that confers rapidly adapting mechanically activated (RA-MA) currents in primary afferent neurons. The Piezo2 channels sense rapid membrane displacement, but it is not clear whether they are sensitive to osmotic swelling, which slowly increases static plasma membrane tension (SPMT). Here, we show that SPMT exerts a profound impact on the mechanical sensitivity of RA-MA channels in primary afferent neurons. RA-MA currents are greatly enhanced, and the mechanical threshold was reduced in both primary afferent neurons of rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and HEK293 cells heterologously expressing Piezo2 when these cells undergo osmotic swelling to increase SPMT...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929333/critical-role-for-epac1-in-inflammatory-pain-controlled-by-grk2-mediated-phosphorylation-of-epac1
#20
Pooja Singhmar, XiaoJiao Huo, Niels Eijkelkamp, Susana Rojo Berciano, Faiza Baameur, Fang C Mei, Yingmin Zhu, Xiaodong Cheng, David Hawke, Federico Mayor, Cristina Murga, Cobi J Heijnen, Annemieke Kavelaars
cAMP signaling plays a key role in regulating pain sensitivity. Here, we uncover a previously unidentified molecular mechanism in which direct phosphorylation of the exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 1 (EPAC1) by G protein kinase 2 (GRK2) suppresses Epac1-to-Rap1 signaling, thereby inhibiting persistent inflammatory pain. Epac1(-/-) mice are protected against inflammatory hyperalgesia in the complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) model. Moreover, the Epac-specific inhibitor ESI-09 inhibits established CFA-induced mechanical hyperalgesia without affecting normal mechanical sensitivity...
March 15, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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