keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Piezo1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076814/gsmtx4-mechanism-of-inhibiting-mechanosensitive-ion-channels
#1
Radhakrishnan Gnanasambandam, Chiranjib Ghatak, Anthony Yasmann, Kazuhisa Nishizawa, Frederick Sachs, Alexey S Ladokhin, Sergei I Sukharev, Thomas M Suchyna
GsMTx4 is a spider venom peptide that inhibits cationic mechanosensitive channels (MSCs). It has six lysine residues that have been proposed to affect membrane binding. We synthesized six analogs with single lysine-to-glutamate substitutions and tested them against Piezo1 channels in outside-out patches and independently measured lipid binding. Four analogs had ∼20% lower efficacy than the wild-type (WT) peptide. The equilibrium constants calculated from the rates of inhibition and washout did not correlate with the changes in inhibition...
January 10, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060940/clock-genes-regulate-the-circadian-expression-of-piezo1-trpv4-connexin26-and-vnut-in-an-ex-vivo-mouse-bladder-mucosa
#2
Tatsuya Ihara, Takahiko Mitsui, Yuki Nakamura, Satoru Kira, Hiroshi Nakagomi, Norifumi Sawada, Yuri Hirayama, Keisuke Shibata, Eiji Shigetomi, Yoichi Shinozaki, Mitsuharu Yoshiyama, Karl-Erik Andersson, Atsuhito Nakao, Masayuki Takeda, Schuichi Koizumi
OBJECTIVES: ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice is an experimental model mouse for nocturia (NOC). Using the bladder mucosa obtained from ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice, we investigated the gene expression rhythms of mechanosensory cation channels such as transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 4 (TRPV4) and Piezo1, and main ATP release pathways including vesicular nucleotide transporter (VNUT) and Connexin26(Cx26), in addition to clock genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight- to twelve-week-old male C57BL/6 mice (WT) and age- and sex-matched C57BL/6 ClockΔ19/Δ19 mice, which were bred under 12-h light/dark conditions for 2 weeks, were used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044050/piezo2-a-candidate-biomarker-for-visceral-hypersensitivity-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#3
Tao Bai, Ying Li, Jing Xia, Yudong Jiang, Lei Zhang, Huan Wang, Wei Qian, Jun Song, Xiaohua Hou
Background/Aim: Currently, there exists no biomarker for visceral hypersensitivity in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Piezo proteins have been proven to play an important role in the mechanical stimulation to induce visceral pain in other tissues and may also be a biomarker candidate. The aim of this study was to test the expressions of Piezo1 and Piezo2 proteins in the intestinal epithelial cells from different intestinal segments and to explore the correlation between Piezo proteins expression and visceral pain threshold...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829145/piezo1-channels-are-inherently-mechanosensitive
#4
Ruhma Syeda, Maria N Florendo, Charles D Cox, Jennifer M Kefauver, Jose S Santos, Boris Martinac, Ardem Patapoutian
The conversion of mechanical force to chemical signals is critical for many biological processes, including the senses of touch, pain, and hearing. Mechanosensitive ion channels play a key role in sensing the mechanical stimuli experienced by various cell types and are present in organisms from bacteria to mammals. Bacterial mechanosensitive channels are characterized thoroughly, but less is known about their counterparts in vertebrates. Piezos have been recently established as ion channels required for mechanotransduction in disparate cell types in vitro and in vivo...
November 8, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797339/endothelial-cation-channel-piezo1-controls-blood-pressure-by-mediating-flow-induced-atp-release
#5
ShengPeng Wang, Ramesh Chennupati, Harmandeep Kaur, Andras Iring, Nina Wettschureck, Stefan Offermanns
Arterial blood pressure is controlled by vasodilatory factors such as nitric oxide (NO) that are released from the endothelium under the influence of fluid shear stress exerted by flowing blood. Flow-induced endothelial release of ATP and subsequent activation of Gq/G11-coupled purinergic P2Y2 receptors have been shown to mediate fluid shear stress-induced stimulation of NO formation. However, the mechanism by which fluid shear stress initiates these processes is unclear. Here, we have shown that the endothelial mechanosensitive cation channel PIEZO1 is required for flow-induced ATP release and subsequent P2Y2/Gq/G11-mediated activation of downstream signaling that results in phosphorylation and activation of AKT and endothelial NOS...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779758/trpv4-participates-in-pressure-induced-inhibition-of-renin-secretion-by-juxtaglomerular-cells
#6
François Seghers, Xavier Yerna, Nadège Zanou, Olivier Devuyst, Rudi Vennekens, Bernd Nilius, Philippe Gailly
KEY POINTS: Increase in blood pressure in the renal afferent arteriole is known to induce an increase in cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca(2+) ]i ) of juxtaglomerular (JG) cells and to result in a decreased secretion of renin. Mechanical stimulation of As4.1 JG cells induces an increase in [Ca(2+) ]i that is inhibited by HC067047 and RN1734, two inhibitors of TRPV4, or by siRNA-mediated repression of TRPV4. Inhibition of TRPV4 impairs pressure-induced decrease in renin secretion. Compared to wild-type mice, Trpv4(-/-) mice present increased resting plasma levels of renin and aldosterone and present a significantly altered pressure-renin relationship...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756835/new-insights-on-hereditary-erythrocyte-membrane-defects
#7
REVIEW
Immacolata Andolfo, Roberta Russo, Antonella Gambale, Achille Iolascon
After the first proposed model of the red blood cell membrane skeleton 36 years ago, several additional proteins have been discovered during the intervening years, and their relationship with the pathogenesis of the related disorders have been somewhat defined. The knowledge of erythrocyte membrane structure is important because it represents the model for spectrin-based membrane skeletons in all cells and because defects in its structure underlie multiple hemolytic anemias. This review summarizes the main features of erythrocyte membrane disorders, dividing them into structural and altered permeability defects, focusing particularly on the most recent advances...
November 2016: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756599/piezo1-expression-increases-in-rat-bladder-after-partial-bladder-outlet-obstruction
#8
Mai Michishita, Kazuo Yano, Ken-Ichi Tomita, Osamu Matsuzaki, Ken-Ichi Kasahara
AIMS: For patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), storage symptoms due to bladder dysfunction are bothersome, and that mechanism elucidation is needed. Piezo1, a mechanically activated ion channel, is believed to play a role in sensing bladder distension. To investigate the involvement of Piezo1 in bladder dysfunction, we examined the expression and distribution of Piezo1 and neurofilament (NF-L) to understand pathological alterations in rat bladders with partial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO), an animal model of BPH...
December 1, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743844/touch-tension-and-transduction-the-function-and-regulation-of-piezo-ion-channels
#9
REVIEW
Jason Wu, Amanda H Lewis, Jörg Grandl
In 2010, two proteins, Piezo1 and Piezo2, were identified as the long-sought molecular carriers of an excitatory mechanically activated current found in many cells. This discovery has opened the floodgates for studying a vast number of mechanotransduction processes. Over the past 6 years, groundbreaking research has identified Piezos as ion channels that sense light touch, proprioception, and vascular blood flow, ruled out roles for Piezos in several other mechanotransduction processes, and revealed the basic structural and functional properties of the channel...
January 2017: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694883/localized-force-application-reveals-mechanically-sensitive-domains-of-piezo1
#10
Jason Wu, Raman Goyal, Jörg Grandl
Piezos are mechanically activated ion channels that function as sensors of touch and pressure in various cell types. However, the precise mechanism and structures mediating mechanical activation and subsequent inactivation have not yet been identified. Here we use magnetic nanoparticles as localized transducers of mechanical force in combination with pressure-clamp electrophysiology to identify mechanically sensitive domains important for activation and inactivation.
October 3, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643431/mechanosensing-is-critical-for-axon-growth-in-the-developing-brain
#11
David E Koser, Amelia J Thompson, Sarah K Foster, Asha Dwivedy, Eva K Pillai, Graham K Sheridan, Hanno Svoboda, Matheus Viana, Luciano da F Costa, Jochen Guck, Christine E Holt, Kristian Franze
During nervous system development, neurons extend axons along well-defined pathways. The current understanding of axon pathfinding is based mainly on chemical signaling. However, growing neurons interact not only chemically but also mechanically with their environment. Here we identify mechanical signals as important regulators of axon pathfinding. In vitro, substrate stiffness determined growth patterns of Xenopus retinal ganglion cell axons. In vivo atomic force microscopy revealed a noticeable pattern of stiffness gradients in the embryonic brain...
September 19, 2016: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562045/-mechanism-of-the-piezo1-protein-induced-apoptosis-of-the-chondrocytes-through-the-mapk-erk1-2-signal-pathway
#12
X F Li, Z Zhang, X D Li, T B Wang, H N Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To invstigate the mechanism of new mechanically-activated cation channel protein (Piezo1) can cause the apoptosis of the human chondrocytes under compressive loading, using a Flexercell unit by activating classical Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathyway(ERK1/2). METHODS: Primary human chondrocytes were isolated, cultured, and then subjected to the static compressive loading for 0, 2, 12, 24, 48 h, respectively.The expressions of Piezo1 and the ERK1/2 were assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(PT-PCR), as well as the apoptosis gene B cell lymphoma/leukemia-2(Bcl-2) Bel-associated X protein(Bax)...
August 16, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515482/mir-103a-targeting-piezo1-is-involved-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-through-regulating-endothelium-function
#13
Lingzhi Huang, Lezhi Li, Xiaofang Chen, Huiling Zhang, Zeya Shi
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is commonly known as the heart attack. The molecular events involved in the development of AMI remain unclear. This study was to investigate the expression of miR-103a in patients with high blood pressure (HBP) and AMI patients with and without HBP, as well as its effect on endothelial cell functions. METHODS: MiR-103a expression in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells was measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
August 12, 2016: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353637/advances-in-understanding-the-pathogenesis-of-the-red-cell-volume-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Catherine Badens, Hélène Guizouarn
Genetic defects of erythrocyte transport proteins cause disorders of red blood cell volume that are characterized by abnormal permeability to the cations Na(+) and K(+) and, consequently, by changes in red cell hydration. Clinically, these disorders are associated with chronic haemolytic anaemia of variable severity and significant co-morbidities, such as iron overload. This review provides an overview of recent insights into the molecular basis of this group of rare anaemias involving cation channels and transporters dysfunction...
September 2016: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321926/tentonin-3-tmem150c-confers-distinct-mechanosensitive-currents-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-with-proprioceptive-function
#15
Gyu-Sang Hong, Byeongjun Lee, Jungwon Wee, Hyeyeon Chun, Hyungsup Kim, Jooyoung Jung, Joo Young Cha, Tae-Ryong Riew, Gyu Hyun Kim, In-Beom Kim, Uhtaek Oh
Touch sensation or proprioception requires the transduction of mechanical stimuli into electrical signals by mechanoreceptors in the periphery. These mechanoreceptors are equipped with various transducer channels. Although Piezo1 and 2 are mechanically activated (MA) channels with rapid inactivation, MA molecules with other inactivation kinetics have not been identified. Here we report that heterologously expressed Tentonin3 (TTN3)/TMEM150C is activated by mechanical stimuli with distinctly slow inactivation kinetics...
July 6, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164907/demystifying-mechanosensitive-piezo-ion-channels
#16
X Z Shawn Xu
Mechanosensitive channels mediate touch, hearing, proprioception, and blood pressure regulation. Piezo proteins, including Piezo1 and Piezo2, represent a new class of mechanosensitive channels that have been reported to play key roles in most, if not all, of these modalities. The structural architecture and molecular mechanisms by which Piezos act as mechanosensitive channels, however, remain mysterious. Two new studies have now provided critical insights into the atomic structure and molecular basis of the ion permeation and mechano-gating properties of the Piezo1 channel...
June 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160899/confinement-sensing-and-signal-optimization-via-piezo1-pka-and-myosin-ii-pathways
#17
Wei-Chien Hung, Jessica R Yang, Christopher L Yankaskas, Bin Sheng Wong, Pei-Hsun Wu, Carlos Pardo-Pastor, Selma A Serra, Meng-Jung Chiang, Zhizhan Gu, Denis Wirtz, Miguel A Valverde, Joy T Yang, Jin Zhang, Konstantinos Konstantopoulos
Cells adopt distinct signaling pathways to optimize cell locomotion in different physical microenvironments. However, the underlying mechanism that enables cells to sense and respond to physical confinement is unknown. Using microfabricated devices and substrate-printing methods along with FRET-based biosensors, we report that, as cells transition from unconfined to confined spaces, intracellular Ca(2+) level is increased, leading to phosphodiesterase 1 (PDE1)-dependent suppression of PKA activity. This Ca(2+) elevation requires Piezo1, a stretch-activated cation channel...
May 17, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023350/piezo1-dependent-regulation-of-urinary-osmolarity
#18
Joana Raquel Martins, David Penton, Rémi Peyronnet, Malika Arhatte, Céline Moro, Nicolas Picard, Birgül Kurt, Amanda Patel, Eric Honoré, Sophie Demolombe
The collecting duct (CD) is the final segment of the kidney involved in the fine regulation of osmotic and ionic balance. During dehydration, arginine vasopressin (AVP) stimulates the expression and trafficking of aquaporin 2 (AQP2) to the apical membrane of CD principal cells, thereby allowing water reabsorption from the primary urine. Conversely, when the secretion of AVP is lowered, as for instance upon water ingestion or as a consequence of diabetes insipidus, the CD remains water impermeable leading to enhanced diuresis and urine dilution...
July 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971963/piezo1-gene-mutation-in-a-japanese-family-with-hereditary-high-phosphatidylcholine-hemolytic-anemia-and-hemochromatosis-induced-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Shinsaku Imashuku, Hideki Muramatsu, Takashi Sugihara, Yusuke Okuno, Xinan Wang, Kenichi Yoshida, Ayako Kato, Koichi Kato, Yasuaki Tatsumi, Ai Hattori, Shinya Kita, Keishi Oe, Atsushi Sueyoshi, Takeshi Usui, Yuichi Shiraishi, Kenichi Chiba, Hiroko Tanaka, Satoru Miyano, Seishi Ogawa, Seiji Kojima, Hitoshi Kanno
Hereditary xerocytosis (HX) or dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (DHS) [OMIM 194380], in which PIEZO1 gene mutation has recently been identified, is difficult to diagnose. We report here the discovery of a PIEZO1 gene mutation in a Japanese family (father, daughter, and son) who were previously diagnosed with hereditary high phosphatidylcholine hemolytic anemia (HPCHA). All of the affected family members had non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia associated with severe hemochromatosis-related diabetes mellitus...
July 2016: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26963637/human-piezo1-ion-channel-functions-as-a-split-protein
#20
Chilman Bae, Thomas M Suchyna, Lynn Ziegler, Frederick Sachs, Philip A Gottlieb
PIEZO1 is a mechanosensitive eukaryotic cation-selective channel that rapidly inactivates in a voltage-dependent manner. We previously showed that a fluorescent protein could be encoded within the hPIEZO1 sequence without loss of function. In this work, we split the channel into two at this site and asked if coexpression would produce a functional channel or whether gating and permeation might be contained in either segment. The split protein was expressed in two segments by a bicistronic plasmid where the first segment spanned residues 1 to 1591, and the second segment spanned 1592 to 2521...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
35025
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"