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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931161/probing-behavior-of-dichelops-furcatus-f-heteroptera-pentatomidae-on-wheat-plants-characterized-by-electropenetrography-epg-and-histological-studies
#1
Tiago Lucini, Antônio Ricardo Panizzi
The stink bug Dichelops furcatus (F.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) has increased in abundance in recent years on the wheat, Triticum aestivum L., crop cultivated in the southern region of Brazil. To investigate the probing (stylet penetration) behaviors and nonprobing behaviors of D. furcatus on wheat plants, the electrical penetration graph or electropenetrography (EPG) technique was applied. Nine EPG waveforms (types/subtypes) were identified and described on stem and on ear head of wheat plants, as follows: Z, Np, Df1a, Df1b, Df2, Df3a, Df3b, Df4a, and Df4b...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931149/can-a-galacto-oligosaccharide-reduce-the-risk-of-traveller-s-diarrhoea-a-placebo-controlled-randomized-double-blind-study
#2
Gunnar Hasle, Ragnhild Raastad, Gunnar Bjune, Pål A Jenum, Lise Heier
Background: Diarrhoea is a common medical problem affecting travellers to Asia, Africa and Latin America. The use of prophylactic antimicrobial agents may increase the risk of contracting resistant bacteria. Findings indicate that oligosaccharides, i.e. carbohydrate chains of 3-10 monosaccharides, reduce the risk of diarrhoea. Methods: We performed a placebo-controlled, double-blind study of a galacto-oligosaccharide, B-GOS (Bimuno®, Clasado Ltd, Milton Keynes UK), vs placebo for participants travelling to countries with a high/intermediate risk of diarrhoea for 7-15 days...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931140/infection-with-echinostoma-sp-in-a-group-of-travellers-to-lake-tanganyika-tanzania-in-january-2017
#3
Ruth N Chunge, Charles N Chunge
A small group of travellers became infected with Echinostoma sp. after ingesting raw fish which they caught in Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania, in January 2017. The infection was diagnosed by finding the characteristic eggs in stool samples collected over a 2-week period following their return to Kenya. Echinostoma is a genus of parasitic flukes normally known to infect humans in southeast Asia and the Far East. This appears to be the first report of echinostomiasis in East Africa which can be attributed clearly to ingestion of locally caught raw fish...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930874/the-effectiveness-of-fish-oil-supplementation-in-attenuating-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-in-females-during-mid-follicular-and-mid-luteal-menstrual-phases
#4
Sarah K McKinley-Barnard, Thomas L Andre, Josh J Gann, Paul S Hwang, Darryn S Willoughby
The purpose of this study was to determine if the differences in estrogen levels during the female menstrual cycle and fish oil supplementation would attenuate eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). In a double-blind fashion, 22 physically-active females (20.9 ± 1.4 years, 63.5 ± 9.0 kg, 165.2 ± 7.5 cm) were randomly assigned to ingest either 6 grams of fish oil (n = 11) or placebo (n = 11) daily for 21 days. Participants underwent an eccentric exercise bout of the knee extensors on two occasions during the mid-follicular (MF) and mid-luteal (ML) phases of the 28-day menstrual cycle...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930851/an-analysis-of-foreign-body-ingestion-treatment-below-the-pylorus-in-children
#5
Wei Wu, Zhibao Lv, Weijue Xu, Jiangbin Liu, Qingfeng Sheng
We retrospectively studied records of patients who received conservative therapy or surgical operation for ingested foreign body (FB) located below the pylorus, and aimed to analyze the different treatment methods including prevention or operation of foreign bodies (FBs) when we found them in children of different age.The records of 16 patients (11 men and 5 women) who were hospitalized for FB ingestion between 2011 June and 2014 June were evaluated retrospectively. Mean age of the patients was 5.5 years (65...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930834/allergic-shock-caused-by-ingestion-of-cooked-jellyfish-a-case-report
#6
Zhixing Li, Xungang Tan, Botao Yu, Renliang Zhao
RATIONALE: Although anaphylaxis caused by jellyfish stings is common in coastal areas, an allergic shock caused by cooked jellyfish ingestion has never been reported in China. In this paper, we report a case of allergic shock being caused by ingestion of cooked salt-preserved jellyfish shortly after being stung by a live jellyfish. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year-old Chinese man presented with dizziness, pruritus, dyspnea, hypotension, and tachycardia after eating cooked salted jellyfish...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930464/gastric-water-emptying-under-fed-state-clinical-trial-conditions-is-as-fast-as-under-fasted-conditions
#7
Michael Grimm, Elisabeth Scholz, Mirko Koziolek, Jens Peter Kuhn, Werner Weitschies
The Magenstrasse (stomach road) describes the fast emptying of ingested liquids from the postprandial stomach. The occurrence of the Magenstrasse has great importance for drugs administered together with food as it represents a shortcut through the fed stomach and allows rapid onset of plasma levels. In this study, we investigated the effect of different meals, their texture and fat content on the occurrence of the Magenstrasse. Since the administration of water is common 60 min after drug intake in clinical trials, we also investigated the effect of time point of water administration on the Magenstrasse by a second water administration...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930302/-accidental-severe-poisoning-with-methemoglobinogenic-substance-a-case-report
#8
Kinga Rośniak-Bąk, Marek Bąk, Renata Winnicka, Anna Krakowiak
A 45-year-old male patient was admitted to the Regional Poison Center because of poisoning with dimethyloaniline contained in a toxic resin-curing dimethyl aniline-based formulation ingested inadvertently. Intoxication happened at workplace. The patient was then transferred to the Toxicology Clinic, where he stayed for 3 weeks. During the hospitalization, the primary method of treatment involved administration of methylene blue, which is the antidote of choice in such cases. During the intensive care and treatment of the patient massive intravascular hemolysis was seen...
September 20, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930263/salicylate-poisoning-potential-of-topical-pain-relief-agents-from-age-old-remedies-to-engineered-smart-patches
#9
REVIEW
Ashleigh Anderson, Aaron McConville, Laura Fanthorpe, James Davis
The pain relief capabilities of methyl salicylate are well established and a multitude of over-the-counter products populate pharmacy shelves. Over-application of the topical preparation containing the drug, or its accidental ingestion, invariably result in salicylate poisoning and in severe cases can be fatal. The drug has been a regular feature of the US National Poison Database Survey over the past decade and continues to pose a risk to children and adults alike. The aim of the review has been to cast a spotlight on the drug and assess why its use remains problematic, how technology could offer more efficacious delivery regimes, and minimise the possibility of accidental or intentional misuse...
June 30, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929453/effects-of-long-term-ingestion-of-white-tea-on-oxidation-produced-by-aging-and-acute-oxidative-damage-in-rats
#10
Cristóbal Espinosa Ruiz, Lorena Cabrera, José Ángel López-Jiménez, Salvador Zamora, Francisca Pérez-Llamas
The infusion tea extracted from the leaves of the plant Camellia sinensis can be used in the prevention of cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, and aging, while adriamycin (ADR) is an anticancer drug that increases oxidative stress in cells. The present study evaluated the protective effect of the long-term consumption of white tea used at two different doses against the oxidative stress produced by aging and acute oxidation caused ADR treatment. At wearing, rats received distilled water (control), or 0...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929343/a-comparison-of-isomaltulose-versus-maltodextrin-ingestion-during-soccer-specific-exercise
#11
Emma J Stevenson, Anthony Watson, Stephan Theis, Anja Holz, Liam D Harper, Mark Russell
PURPOSE: The performance and physiological effects of isomaltulose and maltodextrin consumed intermittently during prolonged soccer-specific exercise were investigated. METHODS: University soccer players (n = 22) performed 120 min of intermittent exercise while consuming 8% carbohydrate-electrolyte drinks (equivalent to ~ 20 g h(-1)) containing maltodextrin (Glycaemic Index: 90-100), isomaltulose (Glycaemic Index: 32) or a carbohydrate-energy-free placebo in a manner replicating the practices of soccer players (i...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929262/status-source-identification-and-health-risks-of-potentially-toxic-element-concentrations-in-road-dust-in-a-medium-sized-city-in-a-developing-country
#12
S M Praveena, A Z Aris
This study aims to determine the status of potentially toxic element concentrations of road dust in a medium-sized city (Rawang, Malaysia). This study adopts source identification via enrichment factor, Pearson correlation analysis, and Fourier spectral analysis to identify sources of potentially toxic element concentrations in road dust in Rawang City, Malaysia. Health risk assessment was conducted to determine potential health risks (carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks) among adults and children via multiple pathways (i...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929113/impact-of-fish-oil-supplementation-and-interruption-of-fructose-ingestion-on-glucose-and-lipid-homeostasis-of-rats-drinking-different-concentrations-of-fructose
#13
Paola M Sulis, Katia Motta, Amanda M Barbosa, Matheus H Besen, Julia S da Silva, Everson A Nunes, Alex Rafacho
Background. Continuous fructose consumption may cause elevation of circulating triacylglycerol. However, how much of this alteration is reverted after the removal of fructose intake is not known. We explored this question and compared the efficacy of this approach with fish oil supplementation. Methods. Male Wistar rats were divided into the following groups: control (C), fructose (F) (water intake with 10% or 30% fructose for 9 weeks), fish oil (FO), and fructose/fish oil (FFO). Fish oil was supplemented only for the last 33 days of fructose ingestion...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929088/microbial-invasion-vs-tick-immune-regulation
#14
REVIEW
Daniel E Sonenshine, Kevin R Macaluso
Ticks transmit a greater variety of pathogenic agents that cause disease in humans and animals than any other haematophagous arthropod, including Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, babesiosis, tick-borne encephalitis, Crimean Congo haemorhagic fever, and many others (Gulia-Nuss et al., 2016). Although diverse explanations have been proposed to explain their remarkable vectorial capacity, among the most important are their blood feeding habit, their long term off-host survival, the diverse array of bioactive molecules that disrupt the host's natural hemostatic mechanisms, facilitate blood flow, pain inhibitors, and minimize inflammation to prevent immune rejection (Hajdušek et al...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929011/in-rats-fed-high-energy-diets-taste-rather-than-fat-content-is-the-key-factor-increasing-food-intake-a-comparison-of-a-cafeteria-and-a-lipid-supplemented-standard-diet
#15
Laia Oliva, Tània Aranda, Giada Caviola, Anna Fernández-Bernal, Marià Alemany, José Antonio Fernández-López, Xavier Remesar
BACKGROUND: Food selection and ingestion both in humans and rodents, often is a critical factor in determining excess energy intake and its related disorders. METHODS: Two different concepts of high-fat diets were tested for their obesogenic effects in rats; in both cases, lipids constituted about 40% of their energy intake. The main difference with controls fed standard lab chow, was, precisely, the lipid content. Cafeteria diets (K) were self-selected diets devised to be desirable to the rats, mainly because of its diverse mix of tastes, particularly salty and sweet...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928980/common-yet-elusive-a-case-of-severe-anion-gap-acidosis
#16
Akanksha Agrawal, Marina Kishlyansky, Sylvia Biso, Soumya Patnaik, Chitra Punjabi
Acid-base disturbances are common occurrence in hospitalized patients with life threatening complications. 5-oxoproline has been increasingly recognized as cause of high anion gap metabolic acidosis (AGMA) in association with chronic acetaminophen use. However, laboratory workup for it are not widely available. We report case of 56-year-old female with severe AGMA not attributable to ketoacidosis, lactic acidosis or toxic ingestion. History was significant for chronic acetaminophen use, and laboratory workup negative for all frequent causes of AGMA...
September 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928675/larval-mid-gut-responses-to-sub-lethal-dose-of-cry-toxin-in-lepidopteran-pest-achaea-janata
#17
Vinod K Chauhan, Narender K Dhania, R K Chaitanya, Balasubramanian Senthilkumaran, Aparna Dutta-Gupta
The lack of homogeneity in field application of Bacillus thuringiensis formulation often results in ingestion of sub-lethal doses of the biopesticide by a fraction of pest population and there by promotes the toxin tolerance and resistance in long term. Gut regeneration seems to be one of the possible mechanism by which this is accomplished. However, the existing information is primarily derived from in vitro studies using mid-gut cell cultures. Present study illustrates cellular and molecular changes in mid-gut epithelium of a Bt-susceptible polyphagous insect pest castor semilooper, Achaea janata in response to a Cry toxin formulation...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928668/re-challenge-studies-in-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Elena Lionetti, Alfredo Pulvirenti, Martina Vallorani, Giulia Catassi, Anil K Verma, Simona Gatti, Carlo Catassi
Background: Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a clinical entity characterized by intestinal and/or extra-intestinal symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten in individuals that are not affected by either celiac disease (CD) or wheat allergy (WA). Since we do not have specific biomarkers for NCGS, the diagnosis is based on the evidence of a clear relationship between the ingestion of gluten (re-challenge) and clinical symptoms, after a remission during the gluten-free diet (GFD). Several re-challenge studies have been published so far to evaluate the real prevalence of NCGS, reporting conflicting results...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928531/recovery-from-dietary-iron-deficiency-anaemia-in-rats-by-the-intake-of-microencapsulated-ferric-saccharate
#19
Elisabet Lázaro, Jonathan Santas, Magda Rafecas
This study examined the bioavailability of iron contained in microencapsulated ferric saccharate in a rat model of iron deficiency anaemia. Three groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats with induced iron deficiency anaemia were subsequently treated with a control Fe-deficient diet (2-6 mg Fe/Kg of diet) with or without the addition of 10 mg Fe/Kg of diet (in form of ferrous sulphate or microencapsulated ferric saccharate) for 2 weeks. The bioavailability of microencapsulated ferric saccharate was examined by measuring body weight gain, feed efficiency and reticulocyte parameters, and compared with the bioavailability of ferrous sulphate...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928073/timing-of-food-intake-sounding-the-alarm-about-metabolic-impairments-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Beccuti Guglielmo, Monagheddu Chiara, Evangelista Andrea, Ciccone Giovannino, Broglio Fabio, Soldati Laura, Bo Simona
Growing evidence points to an association between timing of food intake and obesity in humans, raising the question if when to eat matters as much as what and how much to eat. Based on the new definition of obesity as a chronobiological disease, an unusual or late meal timing represent a circadian chronodisruption, leading to metabolic impairments. Preliminary data from cross-sectional and experimental studies suggest that changes in meal timing can influence obesity and success of weight loss therapy, independently from total energy intake, dietary composition and estimated energy expenditure...
September 16, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
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