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sulfate magnesium

Islam Ghazi, Yukihiro Hamada, David P Nicolau
PURPOSE: The physical compatibility of commonly used agents that could be coadministered in the clinical setting with tedizolid phosphate during Y-site administration was evaluated. METHODS: Tedizolid phosphate vials were reconstituted to a final concentration of 0.8 mg/mL. All other drugs were prepared according to manufacturers' recommendations and diluted with 0.9% sodium chloride injection (where applicable) to the highest standard concentrations used clinically...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Richard Kalisa, Stephen Rulisa, Thomas van den Akker, Jos van Roosmalen
BACKGROUND: The WHO Maternal Near Miss (MNM) approach was developed to evaluate and improve quality of obstetric care worldwide. This study aimed to study the incidence of MNM and quality of care at a district hospital in rural Rwanda by applying this approach. METHODS: A facility based, prospective cohort study conducted at a district hospital in rural Rwanda between June 2013 and December 2014. Subjects were followed from time of admission to discharge or death...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Reshama Navathe, Vincenzo Berghella
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tocolytic agents have been used for over 60 years in the fight against preterm labor, which ultimately can lead to preterm birth. Currently, clinicians can choose from a variety of drug classes to achieve the primary goal of delaying delivery by 48 h, thereby allowing time for administration of corticosteroids for fetal lung maturity, and if appropriate, starting magnesium sulfate for fetal neuroprotection. However, there are currently no known therapies to maintain the tocolytic effect beyond those initial 48 h...
October 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Kim M J Verdurmen, Alexandra D J Hulsenboom, Judith O E H van Laar, S Guid Oei
INTRODUCTION: Tocolytics may cause changes in fetal heart rate pattern, while fetal heart rate variability is an important marker of fetal wellbeing. We aim to systematically review the literature on how tocolytic drugs affect fetal heart rate variability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, PubMed, and EMBASE up to June 2016. Studies published in English, using computerized or visual analysis to describe the effect of tocolytics on heart rate variability in human fetuses were included...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Zhantao Su, Rui Li, Zhongtao Gai
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous (IV) and nebulized magnesium sulfate in acute asthma in children. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases were searched. Randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized controlled trials of IV and nebulized magnesium sulfate in pediatric acute asthma were included. The outcomes subject to meta-analysis were pulmonary function, hospitalization, and further treatment. If statistical heterogeneity was significant, random-effects models were used for meta-analysis, otherwise, fixed-effects models were applied...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Dafna Willner, Valeria Spennati, Shelly Stohl, Giulia Tosti, Simone Aloisio, Federico Bilotta
Spine surgery has been growing rapidly as a neurosurgical operation, with an increase of 220% over a 15-year period. Intraoperative blood transfusion is a major outcome determinant of spine procedures. Various approaches, including pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies, have been tested to decrease both intraoperative and postoperative blood loss. The aim of this systematic review is to report clinical evidence on the relationship between intraoperative blood loss (primary outcome) and on transfusion requirements and postoperative complications (secondary outcomes) in patients undergoing spine surgery...
October 3, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
S Gibiino, A Trappoli, B Balzarro, A R Atti, D De Ronchi
A 71-year-old man developed coma with severe respiratory failure, hypotension, and tachycardia induced by the intentional ingestion of quetiapine fumarate extended release (XR) 20 g. At the time, he had been treated for bipolar depression with venlafaxine 75 mg/day, lamotrigine 100 mg/day, pregabalin 75 mg/day, and quetiapine XR 400 mg/day for approximately 1 year. Comorbidities were hypertension treated with metoprolol, diabetes mellitus type 2 treated with metformin, and benign prostatic hyperplasia treated with silodosin...
December 2015: Drug Saf Case Rep
Ashraf Elsayed Alzeftawy, Ahmad Ali El-Daba
BACKGROUND: Cooling of local anesthetic potentiates its action and increases its duration. Magnesium sulfate (MgSo4) added to local anesthetic prolongs the duration of anesthesia and postoperative analgesia with minimal side effects. AIM: The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to compare the effect of cold to 4°C bupivacaine 0.5% and Mg added to normal temperature (20-25°C) bupivacaine 0.5% during sonar-guided combined femoral and sciatic nerve blocks on the onset of sensory and motor block, intraoperative anesthesia, duration of sensory and motor block, and postoperative analgesia in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
N A Kamenos, G Perna, M C Gambi, F Micheli, K J Kroeker
To understand the effects of ocean acidification (OA) on marine calcifiers, the trade-offs among different sublethal responses within individual species and the emergent effects of these trade-offs must be determined in an ecosystem setting. Crustose coralline algae (CCA) provide a model to test the ecological consequences of such sublethal effects as they are important in ecosystem functioning, service provision, carbon cycling and use dissolved inorganic carbon to calcify and photosynthesize. Settlement tiles were placed in ambient pH, low pH and extremely low pH conditions for 14 months at a natural CO2 vent...
October 12, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Ritva Kaikkonen, Kati Niinistö, Tiina Lindholm, Marja Raekallio
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of geosediment (further referred as sand) may cause weight loss, diarrhea and acute or recurrent colic in horses. Our aim was to compare the efficacy of three treatment protocols in clearing colonic sand accumulations in clinical patients. This retrospective clinical study consisted of 1097 horses and ponies, which were radiographed for the presence of colonic sand. Horses included to the study (n = 246) were displaying areas of sand in the radiographs of ≥75 cm(2) and were treated medically monitoring the response with radiographs...
October 12, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Ling Zhao, Wei Wang, Jiwen Zhong, YaYun Li, YanZi Cheng, Zhenjiao Su, Wei Zheng, Xiang-Dong Guan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical effects of magnesium sulfate in the treatment of diffuse axonal injury (DAI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou and Zhuhai People's Hospital, Zhuhai, two trauma center hospitals. A total of 128 patients suffered from DAI, with initial Glasgow coma scale (GCS) scores of 3-8. They were randomly divided into two groups: magnesium sulfate treatment (MST) group (n=64) and control group (n=64)...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Sara Houlihan, Diane Decarie, Cindy Benes, Richard Cleve, Marianne Vidler, Laura A Magee, Mary H H Ensom, Peter von Dadelszen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the physical compatibility and chemical stability of mixtures of magnesium sulphate and lidocaine in order to determine the feasibility of manufacturing a prefilled syringe combining these two drugs for use as an intramuscular (IM) loading dose for eclampsia prevention and/or treatment. This ready-to-use mixture will provide a more tolerable and accessible route of administration appropriate for widespread use. METHODS: Physical compatibility (pH, colour, and formation of precipitate) and chemical stability (maintaining > 90% of initial concentrations) of mixtures of MgSO4, using both commercially available MgSO4 (50%) and MgSO4 reconstituted from salt (61%), with lidocaine hydrochloride (2%) were evaluated every 14 days over six months...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Bahman Naghipour, Gholamreza Faridaalaee, Kamran Shadvar, Eissa Bilehjani, Ashkan Heyat Khabaz, Solmaz Fakhari
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmia is a common complication after heart surgery and is a major source of morbidity and mortality. AIMS: This study aimed to study the effect of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) for reduction of postcardiac surgery arrhythmia. SETTING AND DESIGN: This study is performed in the cardiac operating room and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Shahid Madani Hospital of Tabriz (Iran) between January 1, 2014, and September 30, 2014. This study is a double-blind, randomized controlled trial...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Veeran Srinivasan, Periyakali Saravana Bhavan, Gopalan Rajkumar, Thangavelu Satgurunathan, Thirunavukkarasu Muralisankar
This study was performed to assess the growth-promoting potential of dietary magnesium oxide nanoparticles (MgO NPs) in Macrobrachium rosenbergii post-larvae (PL). MgO NPs were supplemented at 0, 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 mg kg(-1) with the basal diet (containing 0.95 g Mg kg(-1)); the concentrations of Mg in MgO NP-supplemented diets were increased correspondingly (1.07, 1.15, 1.24, 1.37 and 1.46 g Mg kg(-1) respectively). MgO NP-supplemented diets were fed to M. rosenbergii PL (initial weight 0.11 ± 0...
October 5, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Yoshitaka Saito, Masaki Kobayashi, Takehiro Yamada, Kumiko Kasashi, Rio Honma, Satoshi Takeuchi, Yasushi Shimizu, Ichiro Kinoshita, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Ken Iseki
PURPOSE: Magnesium supplementation is an effective protective method against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity (CIN); however, there are few reports regarding the mechanism of its nephroprotective effect. The aim of this study was to determine whether premedication with intravenous magnesium prevents CIN and to determine the relationship between its nephroprotective effect and serum magnesium level. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with head and neck cancer who received cisplatin, docetaxel, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF) were retrospectively investigated...
October 3, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Nurul Afifah Mohd Salleh, Sabariah Ismail, Mohd Rohaimi Ab Halim
BACKGROUND: Curcuma xanthorrhiza is a native Indonesian plant and traditionally utilized for a range of illness including liver damage, hypertension, diabetes, and cancer. OBJECTIVE: The study determined the effects of C. xanthorrhiza extracts (ethanol and aqueous) and their constituents (curcumene and xanthorrhizol) on UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) and glutathione transferase (GST) activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The inhibition studies were evaluated both in rat liver microsomes and in human recombinant UGT1A1 and UGT2B7 enzymes...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
Dragana Srebro, Sonja Vučković, Milica Prostran
We previously showed that magnesium sulfate (MS) has systemic antinociceptive and local peripheral pronociceptive effects. The role of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels and acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) in the mechanism of action of MS has not been investigated in detail. The aim of this study was to explore the participation of TRP channels in the pronociceptive action of MS in rats after its intraplantar injection. The paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) to mechanical stimuli was measured by the electronic von Frey test...
September 28, 2016: Neuroscience
Laura Rodríguez-Rubio, Julian Solis Garcia Del Pozo, Eduardo Nava, Joaquín Jordán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Li Shuying, Li Ping, Ni Juan, Luo Dong
BACKGROUND: Cough is one of the most common complications of opioids. Many studies have evaluated the effect of various drugs in preventing opioid-induced cough (OIC). However, there is existing controversy about those reports. The present study was performed to assess the efficacy of different interventions on OIC. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, and Embase to identify randomized controlled trials on the efficacy of different drugs in the prevention of OIC...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Angela M Sousa, Giovanna M C Rosado, Jose de S Neto, Gabriel M N Guimarães, Hazem A Ashmawi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare the analgesic effect of intravenous infusion of magnesium sulfate to ketorolac during laparoscopic surgeries. DESIGN: Double-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Sixty women submitted to laparoscopic gynecologic oncology surgeries. INTERVENTIONS: Intravenous ketorolac 30 mg in bolus followed by saline infusion (group K), intravenous magnesium sulfate 20 mg/kg in bolus followed by magnesium 2 mg kg(-1) h(-1) (group M) or intravenous saline solution 20 mL in bolus followed by saline infusion during the entire procedure (group S)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
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