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Gamma delta t-cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340126/hepatosplenic-gamma-delta-t-cell-lymphoma-hsgdtcl-two-rare-case-reports-from-western-india
#1
Irappa Madabhavi, Gaurang Modi, Harsha Panchal, Apurva Patel, Swaroop Revannasiddaiah, Asha Anand, Sonia Parikh, Kshitij Joshi, Malay Sarkar
Peripheral T cell lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of post-thymic, mature lymphoid malignancies, accounting for approximately 10-15% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSGDTCL) is a rare entity, which is characterized by primary extra nodal disease with typical sinusoidal or sinusal infiltration of the liver and the spleen, respectively by expression of the T-cell receptor γδ chain, and by a number of other frequent clinicopathologic features, including aggressive course of disease...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339503/heteromeric-interactions-regulate-butyrophilin-btn-and-btn-like-molecules-governing-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cell-biology
#2
Pierre Vantourout, Adam Laing, Martin J Woodward, Iva Zlatareva, Luis Apolonia, Andrew W Jones, Ambrosius P Snijders, Michael H Malim, Adrian C Hayday
The long-held view that gamma delta (γδ) T cells in mice and humans are fundamentally dissimilar, as are γδ cells in blood and peripheral tissues, has been challenged by emerging evidence of the cells' regulation by butyrophilin (BTN) and butyrophilin-like (BTNL) molecules. Thus, murine Btnl1 and the related gene, Skint1, mediate T cell receptor (TCR)-dependent selection of murine intraepithelial γδ T cell repertoires in gut and skin, respectively; BTNL3 and BTNL8 are TCR-dependent regulators of human gut γδ cells; and BTN3A1 is essential for TCR-dependent activation of human peripheral blood Vγ9Vδ2+ T cells...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316940/gamma-delta-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-friend-or-foe-in-cancer-development
#3
REVIEW
Yijing Zhao, Chao Niu, Jiuwei Cui
BACKGROUND: γδ T cells are a distinct subgroup of T cells containing T cell receptors (TCRs) γ and TCR δ chains with diverse structural and functional heterogeneity. As a bridge between the innate and adaptive immune systems, γδ T cells participate in various immune responses during cancer progression. Because of their direct/indirect antitumor cytotoxicity and strong cytokine production ability, the use of γδ T cells in cancer immunotherapy has received a lot of attention over the past decade...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310916/chimeric-antigen-receptor-engineered-human-gamma-delta-t-cells-enhanced-cytotoxicity-with-retention-of-cross-presentation
#4
Anna Capsomidis, Gabriel Benthall, Heleen H Van Acker, Jonathan Fisher, Anne M Kramer, Zarah Abeln, Yvonne Majani, Talia Gileadi, Rebecca Wallace, Kenth Gustafsson, Barry Flutter, John Anderson
Gamma delta T (γδT) lymphocytes are primed for rapid function, including cytotoxicity toward cancer cells, and are a component of the immediate stress response. Following activation, they can function as professional antigen-presenting cells. Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) work by focusing T cell function on defined cell surface tumor antigens and provide essential costimulation for robust activation. Given the natural tropism of γδT cells for the tumor microenvironment, we hypothesized that their transduction with CARs might enhance cytotoxicity while retaining their ability to migrate to tumor and act as antigen-presenting cells to prolong the intratumoral immune response...
December 8, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147589/%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-lymphoma-discussion-of-two-pediatric-cases-and-its-distinction-from-other-mature-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cell-malignancies
#5
Eric X Wei, Vasiliki Leventaki, John K Choi, Susana C Raimondi, Elizabeth M Azzato, Sheila A Shurtleff, Menchu G Ong, Diana M Veillon, James D Cotelingam, Rodney E Shackelford
Gamma delta (γδ) T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) expression and its related T-cell differentiation are not commonly reported in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL). Here we report two pediatric T-ALL cases and present their clinical features, histology, immunophenotypes, cytogenetics, and molecular diagnostic findings. The first patient is a two-year-old girl with leukocytosis, circulating lymphoblasts, and a cryptic insertion of a short-arm segment at 10p12 into the long-arm segment of 11q23 resulting in an MLL and AF10 fusion transcript, which may be the first reported in γδ T-ALL...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135830/tissue-resident-lymphocytes-in-solid-organ-transplantation-innocent-passengers-or-the-key-to-organ-transplant-survival
#6
Amy C Prosser, Axel Kallies, Michaela Lucas
Short-term outcomes of solid organ transplantation have improved dramatically over the past several decades; however, long-term survival has remained static over the same time period, and chronic rejection remains a major cause of graft failure. The importance of donor, or 'passenger', lymphocytes to the induction of tolerance to allografts was recognized in the 1990s; however, their precise contribution to graft acceptance or rejection has not been elucidated. Recently, specialized populations of tissue-resident lymphocytes in nonlymphoid organs have been described...
November 14, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972008/differential-gene-regulation-and-tumor-inhibitory-activities-of-alpha-delta-and-gamma-tocopherols-in-estrogen-mediated-mammary-carcinogenesis
#7
Soumyasri Das Gupta, Misaal Patel, Joseph Wahler, Min Ji Bak, Brian A Wall, Mao-Jung Lee, Yong Lin, Weichung Joe Shih, Li Cai, Chung S Yang, Nanjoo Suh
Despite experimental evidence elucidating the anti-tumor activities of tocopherols, clinical trials with α-tocopherol (α-T) have failed to demonstrate its beneficial effects in cancer prevention. This study compared the chemopreventive efficacy of individual tocopherols (α-, δ-, γ-T) and a γ-T rich tocopherol mixture (γ-TmT) in the August Copenhagen Irish (ACI) rat model of estrogen-mediated mammary cancer. Female ACI rats receiving 17β-estradiol (E2) implants were administered with 0.2% α-T, δ-T, γ-T or γ-TmT for 30 weeks...
September 28, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960101/relb-deficient-dendritic-cells-promote-the-development-of-spontaneous-allergic-airway-inflammation
#8
Prema M Nair, Malcolm R Starkey, Tatt Jhong Haw, Roland Ruscher, Gang Liu, Muralidhara R Maradana, Ranjeny Thomas, Brendan J O'Sullivan, Philip M Hansbro
RATIONALE: RelB is a member of the NF-κB family that is essential for dendritic cell (DC) function and maturation. However, the contribution of RelB to the development of allergic airway inflammation (AAI) is unknown. Here, we identify a pivotal role for RelB in the development of spontaneous AAI, independent of exogenous allergen exposure. METHODS: We assessed AAI in two strains of RelB-deficient ((-/-)) mice, one with a targeted deletion and another mutant expressing an major histocompatibility complex (MHC) transgene...
September 29, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924718/comprehensive-annotation-and-evolutionary-insights-into-the-canine-canis-lupus-familiaris-antigen-receptor-loci
#9
Jolyon Martin, Hannes Ponstingl, Marie-Paule Lefranc, Joy Archer, David Sargan, Allan Bradley
Dogs are an excellent model for human disease. For example, the treatment of canine lymphoma has been predictive of the human response to that treatment. However, an incomplete picture of canine (Canis lupus familiaris) immunoglobulin (IG) and T cell receptor (TR)-or antigen receptor (AR)-gene loci has restricted their utility. This work advances the annotation of the canine AR loci and looks into breed-specific features of the loci. Bioinformatic analysis of unbiased RNA sequence data was used to complete the annotation of the canine AR genes...
September 19, 2017: Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921767/expansion-of-cd4-phenotype-among-cd160-receptor-expressing-lymphocytes-in-murine-pregnancy
#10
Matyas Meggyes, Laszlo Szereday, Pal Jakso, Barbara Bogar, Agnes Bogdan, Jasper Nörenberg, Eva Miko, Aliz Barakonyi
PROBLEM: CD160, a cell surface co-receptor, is capable of up- or downregulating cell proliferation, cytotoxicity or cytokine production on lymphocytes. Our aim was to investigate CD160(+) lymphocytes in the periphery and at the maternal-foetal interface during murine pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: CD4(+) , CD8(+) and gamma/delta T-cell phenotype, TIM3 co-expression and cytotoxic activity of CD160(+) lymphocytes of pregnant BALB/c mice were analysed by flow cytometry...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815581/t-helper-type-1-polarizing-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-and-scavenger-receptors-contribute-to-the-pathogenesis-of-pemphigus-vulgaris
#11
Dayasagar Das, Vivek Anand, Sujay Khandpur, Vinod K Sharma, Alpana Sharma
γδ T cells and Scavenger receptors are key parts of the innate immune machinery, playing significant roles in regulating immune homeostasis at the epithelial surface. The roles of these immune components are not yet characterized for the autoimmune skin disorder Pemphigus vulgaris (PV). Phenotyping and frequency of γδ T cells estimated by flow cytometry have shown increased frequency of γδ T cells (6·7% versus 4·4%) producing interferon- γ (IFN-γ; 35·2% versus 26·68%) in the circulation of patients compared with controls...
August 16, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802663/peripheral-gamma-delta-t-cells-secrete-inflammatory-cytokines-in-women-with-idiopathic-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#12
Ayantika Talukdar, Reeta Rai, K Aparna Sharma, D N Rao, Alpana Sharma
BACKGROUND: Gamma delta (γδ) T cells are known to link innate and adaptive immunity. Decidual γδ T cells are known to provide immunotolerance by producing IL-10 and TGF-β. In recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) females, the role of peripheral γδ T cells remain unstudied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the different phenotypes of γδ T cells in the peripheral blood of women with idiopathic RPL and their possible involvement in RPL condition. METHODS: A total of 120 women were recruited for the study...
August 9, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791027/cd56-in-the-immune-system-more-than-a-marker-for-cytotoxicity
#13
REVIEW
Heleen H Van Acker, Anna Capsomidis, Evelien L Smits, Viggo F Van Tendeloo
Over the past years, the phenotypic and functional boundaries distinguishing the main cell subsets of the immune system have become increasingly blurred. In this respect, CD56 (also known as neural cell adhesion molecule) is a very good example. CD56 is the archetypal phenotypic marker of natural killer cells but can actually be expressed by many more immune cells, including alpha beta T cells, gamma delta T cells, dendritic cells, and monocytes. Common to all these CD56-expressing cell types are strong immunostimulatory effector functions, including T helper 1 cytokine production and an efficient cytotoxic capacity...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780933/%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-unexpected-regulators-of-cancer-development-and-progression
#14
REVIEW
Christopher Fleming, Samantha Morrissey, Yihua Cai, Jun Yan
Accumulating evidence suggests a role for gamma delta (γδ) T cells as unexpected drivers of tumor development and progression. These protumoral γδ T cells are abundant in the tumor microenvironment in both mouse and human. They promote tumor progression by: (i) inducing an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and angiogenesis via cytokine production; (ii) functioning as regulatory T (Treg)/T helper 2 (Th2)-like cells; (iii) interfering with dendritic cell (DC) effector function; and (iv) inhibiting antitumor adaptive T cell immunity via the programmed death-1 (PD-1)-programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) pathway...
August 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747917/upregulation-of-intestinal-barrier-function-in-mice-with-dss-induced-colitis-by-a-defined-bacterial-consortium-is-associated-with-expansion-of-il-17a-producing-gamma-delta-t-cells
#15
Ming Li, Bing Wang, Xiaotong Sun, Yan Tang, Xiaoqing Wei, Biying Ge, Yawei Tang, Ying Deng, Chunyang He, Jieli Yuan, Xia Li
Bacterial consortium transplantation (BCT) is a promising alternative to fecal microbiota transplantation in treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Here, we showed that a defined bacterial consortium derived from healthy mice was able to enhance the intestinal barrier function of mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Interestingly, we found that the bacterial consortium significantly promoted the expansion of IL-17A-producing γδT (γδT17) cells in colonic lamina propria, which was closely associated with changing of intestinal microbial composition...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713391/apoptosis-induced-via-gamma-delta-t-cell-antigen-receptor-blocking-antibodies-a-cautionary-tale
#16
Indrani Dutta, Lynne-Marie Postovit, Gabrielle M Siegers
Mechanistic studies contribute greatly to our understanding of γδ T cell (γδTc) biology, aiding development of these cells as immunotherapeutic agents. The antibody blocking assay is an accepted method to determine the receptors involved in γδTc killing of tumor targets. Effectors and/or targets are preincubated with microgram quantities of monoclonal antibodies (mAb), often described by commercial sources to be useful for blocking assays. We and others have used such assays extensively in the past, correlating decreases in cytotoxicity against specific targets with involvement of the blocked receptor(s)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713381/key-features-of-gamma-delta-t-cell-subsets-in-human-diseases-and-their-immunotherapeutic-implications
#17
REVIEW
Myriam Lawand, Julie Déchanet-Merville, Marie-Caroline Dieu-Nosjean
The unique features of gamma-delta (γδ) T cells, related to their antigen recognition capacity, their tissue tropism, and their cytotoxic function, make these cells ideal candidates that could be targeted to induce durable immunity in the context of different pathologies. In this review, we focus on the main characteristics of human γδ T-cell subsets in diseases and the key mechanisms that could be explored to target these cells.
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687070/massively-parallel-nanowell-based-single-cell-gene-expression-profiling
#18
Leonard D Goldstein, Ying-Jiun Jasmine Chen, Jude Dunne, Alain Mir, Hermann Hubschle, Joseph Guillory, Wenlin Yuan, Jingli Zhang, Jeremy Stinson, Bijay Jaiswal, Kanika Bajaj Pahuja, Ishminder Mann, Thomas Schaal, Leo Chan, Sangeetha Anandakrishnan, Chun-Wah Lin, Patricio Espinoza, Syed Husain, Harris Shapiro, Karthikeyan Swaminathan, Sherry Wei, Maithreyan Srinivasan, Somasekar Seshagiri, Zora Modrusan
BACKGROUND: Technological advances have enabled transcriptome characterization of cell types at the single-cell level providing new biological insights. New methods that enable simple yet high-throughput single-cell expression profiling are highly desirable. RESULTS: Here we report a novel nanowell-based single-cell RNA sequencing system, ICELL8, which enables processing of thousands of cells per sample. The system employs a 5,184-nanowell-containing microchip to capture ~1,300 single cells and process them...
July 7, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642294/depletion-of-mhc-class-ii-invariant-chain-peptide-or-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-ameliorates-experimental-preeclampsia
#19
Piyali Chatterjee, Valorie L Chiasson, Geetha Seerangan, Eugene De Guzman, Moheb Milad, Kelsey R Bounds, Olga Gasheva, Richard P Tobin, Mohamad Hatahet, Shelley Kopriva, Kathleen A Jones, M Karen Newell-Rogers, Brett M Mitchell
Excessive innate immune system activation and inflammation during pregnancy can lead to organ injury and dysfunction and preeclampsia (PE); however, the molecular mechanisms involved are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation induces major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II invariant chain peptide (CLIP) expression on immune cells, makes them pro-inflammatory, and are necessary to cause PE-like features in mice. Treatment with VG1177, a competitive antagonist peptide for CLIP in the groove of MHC class II, was able to both prevent and treat PE-like features in mice...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641664/-research-progress-of-cell-immunotherapy-in-treatment-of-hematological-malignancies-review
#20
Wei Zhang, Hong-Mei Jing, Ji-Jun Wang, Xiao-Yan Ke
Cell immunotherapy, as an important mean of tumor therapy, infuses a large number of immune effector cells amplified in vitro to the patients, resulting in the anti-tumor effect. There have been a series techniques of cell immunotherapy, including T lymphocyte therapy, dendritic cell-based immune cell therapy, natural killer cell therapy, gamma delta T cell therapy and so on. The preparation and culture conditions, anti-tumor mechanism, target cells etc of these immune cells are not the same, the each with its advantages and disadvantages...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
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