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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454045/canadian-harm-reduction-policies-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-provincial-and-territorial-documents-2000-2015
#1
REVIEW
T Cameron Wild, Bernie Pauly, Lynne Belle-Isle, Walter Cavalieri, Richard Elliott, Carol Strike, Kenneth Tupper, Andrew Hathaway, Colleen Dell, Donald MacPherson, Caitlin Sinclair, Kamagaju Karekezi, Benjamin Tan, Elaine Hyshka
BACKGROUND: Access to harm reduction interventions among substance users across Canada is highly variable, and largely within the policy jurisdiction of the provinces and territories. This study systematically described variation in policy frameworks guiding harm reduction services among Canadian provinces and territories as part of the first national multimethod case study of harm reduction policy. METHODS: Systematic and purposive searches identified publicly-accessible policy texts guiding planning and organization of one or more of seven targeted harm reduction services: needle distribution, naloxone, supervised injection/consumption, low-threshold opioid substitution (or maintenance) treatment, buprenorphine/naloxone (suboxone), drug checking, and safer inhalation kits...
April 25, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453991/advocacy-coalitions-and-protected-areas-creation-process-case-study-in-the-amazon
#2
Sandra Nicolle, Maya Leroy
Protected areas are the cornerstones of conservation policies worldwide. However, only few researches are led to analyse the way they emerge, except for criticising top-down governmental choices. Yet, the historical approach and strategic analysis of public policy building over the long term allows a better understanding of the stakes of action capacity of these policies. We therefore mobilize the advocacy coalition framework to show that protected areas creation is always due to coalitions of actors who belong to different professional fields and act at different scales but nevertheless share common stakes...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453713/does-charging-different-user-fees-for-primary-and-secondary-care-affect-first-contacts-with-primary-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#3
Thomas Hone, John Tayu Lee, Azeem Majeed, Lesong Conteh, Christopher Millett
Policy-makers are increasingly considering charging users different fees between primary and secondary care (differential user charges) to encourage utilisation of primary health care in health systems with limited gate keeping. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the impact of introducing differential user charges on service utilisation. We reviewed studies published in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, EconLIT, HMIC, and WHO library databases from January 1990 until June 2015. We extracted data from the studies meeting defined eligibility criteria and assessed study quality using an established checklist...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453622/the-impact-of-exercise-on-cancer-mortality-recurrence-and-treatment-related-adverse-effects
#4
Prue Cormie, Eva M Zopf, Xiaochen Zhang, Kathryn H Schmitz
The combination of an increasing number of new cancer cases and improving survival rates has led to a large and rapidly growing population with unique health-care requirements. Exercise has been proposed as a strategy to help address the issues faced by cancer patients. Supported by a growing body of research, major health organizations commonly identify the importance of incorporating exercise in cancer care and advise patients to be physically active. This systematic review comprehensively summarizes the available epidemiologic and randomized controlled trial evidence investigating the role of exercise in the management of cancer...
April 27, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453521/soy-moratorium-impacts-on-soybean-and-deforestation-dynamics-in-mato-grosso-brazil
#5
Jude H Kastens, J Christopher Brown, Alexandre Camargo Coutinho, Christopher R Bishop, Júlio César D M Esquerdo
Previous research has established the usefulness of remotely sensed vegetation index (VI) data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) to characterize the spatial dynamics of agriculture in the state of Mato Grosso (MT), Brazil. With these data it has become possible to track MT agriculture, which accounts for ~85% of Brazilian Amazon soy production, across periods of several years. Annual land cover (LC) maps support investigation of the spatiotemporal dynamics of agriculture as they relate to forest cover and governance and policy efforts to lower deforestation rates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453402/evaluation-of-carbon-emission-reductions-promoted-by-private-driving-restrictions-based-on-afc-data-in-beijing
#6
Wandi Zhang, Feng Chen, Zijia Wang, Jianling Huang, Bo Wang
Public transportation automatic fare collection (AFC) systems are able to continuously record large amounts of passenger travel information, providing massive, low-cost data for research on regulations pertaining to public transport. This data can be used not only to analyze characteristics of passengers' trips but also to evaluate transport policies that promote a travel mode shift and emission reduction. In this study, models combining card, survey, and GIS data are established with a research focus on the private driving restriction policies being implemented in an ever-increasing number of cities...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449382/current-use-of-chromosomal-microarray-by-australian-paediatricians-and-implications-for-the-implementation-of-next-generation-sequencing
#7
Victoria McKay, Daryl Efron, Elizabeth E Palmer, Susan M White, Chris Pearson, Margie Danchin
AIM: Chromosomal microarray (CMA) is an important diagnostic test for children with multiple congenital anomalies or certain developmental behavioural problems suggestive of an underlying genetic diagnosis. However, there are medical and ethical complexities to its use and few Australian policies to guide practice. We aimed to describe the current practice of Australian paediatricians in relation to CMA testing. We hypothesised that there are knowledge gaps in their use of CMA. METHODS: Online survey completed between September 2015 and January 2016 by paediatricians in secondary care settings...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449355/father-child-interactions-at-3-months-and-24-months-contributions-to-children-s-cognitive-development-at-24-months
#8
Vaheshta Sethna, Emily Perry, Jill Domoney, Jane Iles, Lamprini Psychogiou, Natasha E L Rowbotham, Alan Stein, Lynne Murray, Paul G Ramchandani
The quality of father-child interactions has become a focus of increasing research in the field of child development. We examined the potential contribution of father-child interactions at both 3 months and 24 months to children's cognitive development at 24 months. Observational measures of father-child interactions at 3 and 24 months were used to assess the quality of fathers' parenting (n = 192). At 24 months, the Mental Developmental Index (MDI) of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (N...
April 27, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449291/consumer-and-carer-perspectives-in-the-development-of-a-mental-health-research-treatment-and-teaching-facility-a-thematic-analysis
#9
M Katsikitis, B R Lane, I Ozols, D Statham
INTRODUCTION: Recovery-oriented mental health policies recognise consumer and carer participation in service decision-making as essential, but little is known about the views of these individuals in the earliest stages of service development. AIM: This study sought consumer and carer perspectives addressing the establishment of a mental health research, treatment, and teaching facility in their region. METHODS: Two 2 hr focus groups were conducted, with separate groups held for mental health consumers (n = 9) and carers (n = 9) respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449225/transfusion-research-priorities-for-blood-services-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
REVIEW
Imelda Bates, Oliver Hassall, Tonderai Mapako
Evidence to support many blood transfusion policies and practices in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is weak or lacking. SSA cannot extrapolate from wealthy countries' research findings because its environment, users and structures are very different and SSA has critical blood shortages. SSA needs to generate its own evidence but research funds are very scarce and need to be carefully targeted to match need. This study aimed to define this need by determining research priorities for blood services in SSA. Thirty-five stakeholders representing diverse blood services' interests and expertise participated in a workshop...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449050/cardioscape-mapping-the-cardiovascular-funding-landscape-in-europe
#11
Axel Radlach Pries, Anastasia Naoum, Helmut Habazettl, Mathias Dunkel, Robert Preissner, Caroline J Coats, Ana Tornada, Francesco Orso, Frans Van de Werf, David A Wood
Aims: The burden of cardiovascular disease is increasing worldwide, which has to be reflected by cardiovascular (CV) research in Europe. CardioScape, a FP7 funded project initiated by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), identified where CV research is performed, how it is funded and by whom. It could be transformed into an on-line and up-to-date resource of great relevance for researchers, funding bodies and policymakers and could be a role model for mapping CV research funding in Europe and beyond...
April 25, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449047/what-s-buzzing-on-your-feed-health-authorities-use-of-facebook-to-combat-zika-in-singapore
#12
Santosh Vijaykumar, Rianne Wally Meurzec, Karthikayen Jayasundar, Claudia Pagliari, Yohan Fernandopulle
In 2016, Singapore grappled with one of the largest Zika outbreaks in Southeast Asia. This study examines the use of Facebook for Zika-related outreach by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the National Environmental Agency (NEA) from March 1, 2015, to September 1, 2016, and public response to this effort. Despite nearly equivalent outreach, MOH's Facebook posts received more likes (µ = 3.49) and shares (µ = 30.11), whereas NEA's posts received more comments (µ = 4.55), with NEA posting mostly on prevention (N = 30) and MOH on situational updates (N = 24)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448914/reconciling-agriculture-and-stream-restoration-in-europe-a-review-relating-to-the-eu-water-framework-directive
#13
REVIEW
H M Flávio, P Ferreira, N Formigo, J C Svendsen
Agriculture is widespread across the EU and has caused considerable impacts on freshwater ecosystems. To revert the degradation caused to streams and rivers, research and restoration efforts have been developed to recover ecosystem functions and services, with the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) playing a significant role in strengthening the progress. Analysing recent peer-reviewed European literature (2009-2016), this review explores 1) the conflicts and difficulties faced when restoring agriculturally impacted streams, 2) the aspects relevant to effectively reconcile agricultural land uses and healthy riverine ecosystems and 3) the effects and potential shortcomings of the first WFD management cycle...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448570/disease-burden-for-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases-identified-at-reference-hospitals-in-guanajuato-mexico
#14
Eduardo Guaní-Guerra, Ana Isabel Jiménez-Romero, Ulises Noel García-Ramírez, José Manuel Velázquez-Ávalos, Edgar Martínez-Guzmán, Eunice Sandoval-Ramírez, Ignacio Camacho-Meza
BACKGROUND: In addition to the deleterious effect on health, there is considerable economic and psychosocial morbidity associated with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID). Also, the cost of a late diagnosis frequently results in a heavy disease burden on the patient. The objective of this study was to collect and analyze data on patients with PID in the state of Guanajuato in Mexico, to indirectly estimate the burden of the disease. METHODS: An observational, longitudinal, and comparative study was conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448460/assessing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-and-health-co-benefits-a-structured-review-of-lifestyle-related-climate-change-mitigation-strategies
#15
REVIEW
Vivian G M Quam, Joacim Rocklöv, Mikkel B M Quam, Rebekah A I Lucas
This is the first structured review to identify and summarize research on lifestyle choices that improve health and have the greatest potential to mitigate climate change. Two literature searches were conducted on: (1) active transport health co-benefits, and (2) dietary health co-benefits. Articles needed to quantify both greenhouse gas emissions and health or nutrition outcomes resulting from active transport or diet changes. A data extraction tool (PRISMA) was created for article selection and evaluation...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447823/the-promise-of-demand-side-employer-based-strategies-to-increase-employment-rates-for-people-living-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#16
Jonathan Delman, Lynn Kovich, Sara Burke, Kevin Martone
OBJECTIVE: This article describes current and promising demand-side strategies to increase job retention and employment rates of people living with serious mental illnesses. The article raises awareness of the potential impact of demand side strategies and generates considerations to implement and evaluate these strategies. METHOD: Information is drawn from peer reviewed research, policy articles and documents, and the authors' direct experiences. RESULTS: Employees with serious mental illnesses struggle to retain jobs due to workplace stigma, difficulty accessing reasonable accommodations, and noneligibility for health benefits...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447466/results-of-a-randomized-trial-on-an-intervention-promoting-adoption-of-occupational-sun-protection-policies
#17
David B Buller, Barbara J Walkosz, Mary Klein Buller, Allan Wallis, Peter A Andersen, Michael D Scott, Rachel Eye, Xia Liu, Gary Cutter
PURPOSE: To evaluate an intervention promoting adoption of occupational sun protection policies by employers in a randomized trial. DESIGN: A randomized pretest-posttest controlled design with 2-year follow-up was conducted in 2010 to 2013. SETTING: Local government organizations in Colorado who had outdoor workers in public works, public safety, and/or parks and recreation. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-eight local government organizations (n = 51 municipalities, 10 counties, and 37 special districts)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447398/a-suite-of-essential-biodiversity-variables-for-detecting-critical-biodiversity-change
#18
Dirk S Schmeller, Lauren V Weatherdon, Adeline Loyau, Alberte Bondeau, Lluis Brotons, Neil Brummitt, Ilse R Geijzendorffer, Peter Haase, Mathias Kuemmerlen, Corinne S Martin, Jean-Baptiste Mihoub, Duccio Rocchini, Hannu Saarenmaa, Stefan Stoll, Eugenie C Regan
Key global indicators of biodiversity decline, such as the IUCN Red List Index and the Living Planet Index, have relatively long assessment intervals. This means they, due to their inherent structure, function as late-warning indicators that are retrospective, rather than prospective. These indicators are unquestionably important in providing information for biodiversity conservation, but the detection of early-warning signs of critical biodiversity change is also needed so that proactive management responses can be enacted promptly where required...
April 26, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447316/mining-and-environmental-health-disparities-in-native-american-communities
#19
REVIEW
Johnnye Lewis, Joseph Hoover, Debra MacKenzie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: More than a century of hard rock mining has left a legacy of >160,000 abandoned mines in the Western USA that are home to the majority of Native American lands. This article describes how abrogation of treaty rights, ineffective policies, lack of infrastructure, and a lack of research in Native communities converge to create chronic exposure, ill-defined risks, and tribal health concerns. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent results show that Native Americans living near abandoned uranium mines have an increased likelihood for kidney disease and hypertension, and an increased likelihood of developing multiple chronic diseases linked to their proximity to the mine waste and activities bringing them in contact with the waste...
April 26, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446446/the-cardiovascular-health-in-ambulatory-care-research-team-performance-indicators-for-the-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-modified-delphi-panel-study
#20
Jack V Tu, Laura C Maclagan, Dennis T Ko, Clare L Atzema, Gillian L Booth, Sharon Johnston, Karen Tu, Douglas S Lee, Arlene Bierman, Ruth Hall, R Sacha Bhatia, Andrea S Gershon, Sheldon W Tobe, Claudia Sanmartin, Peter Liu, Anna Chu
BACKGROUND: High-quality ambulatory care can reduce cardiovascular disease risk, but important gaps exist in the provision of cardiovascular preventive care. We sought to develop a set of key performance indicators that can be used to measure and improve cardiovascular care in the primary care setting. METHODS: As part of the Cardiovascular Health in Ambulatory Care Research Team initiative, we established a 14-member multidisciplinary expert panel to develop a set of indicators for measuring primary prevention performance in ambulatory cardiovascular care...
April 25, 2017: CMAJ Open
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