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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098951/lessons-learned-from-a-practice-based-multisite-intervention-study-with-nurse-participants
#1
Christopher R Friese, Kari Mendelsohn-Victor, Pamela Ginex, Carol M McMahon, Alex J Fauer, Marjorie C McCullagh
PURPOSE: To identify challenges and solutions to the efficient conduct of a multisite, practice-based randomized controlled trial to improve nurses' adherence to personal protective equipment use in ambulatory oncology settings. DESIGN: The Drug Exposure Feedback and Education for Nurses' Safety (DEFENS) study is a clustered, randomized, controlled trial. Participating sites are randomized to Web-based feedback on hazardous drug exposures in the sites plus tailored messages to address barriers versus a control intervention of a Web-based continuing education video...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097657/public-trust-in-health-information-sharing-a-measure-of-system-trust
#2
Jodyn E Platt, Peter D Jacobson, Sharon L R Kardia
OBJECTIVE: To measure public trust in a health information sharing in a broadly defined health system (system trust), inclusive of health care, public health, and research; to identify individual characteristics that predict system trust; and to consider these findings in the context of national health initiatives (e.g., learning health systems and precision medicine) that will expand the scope of data sharing. DATA SOURCES: Survey data (n = 1,011) were collected in February 2014...
January 18, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097016/smoking-treatment-optimisation-in-pharmacies-stop-a-cluster-randomised-pilot-trial-of-a-training-intervention
#3
V W Madurasinghe, Ratna Sohanpal, Wai James, Liz Steed, Sandra Eldridge, Sjc Taylor, C Griffiths, Robert Walton
BACKGROUND: UK government policy aims to strengthen the role of community pharmacies in health promotion. Thus, we conducted feasibility studies for an intervention to enhance delivery of the NHS Smoking Cessation Service. METHODS: The overall aims were to assess acceptability and feasibility of conducting the intervention in community pharmacies and piloting this with a cluster randomised trial. Specific objectives were (1) to estimate likely participation rates of pharmacies and stop smoking advisors, (2) to establish the potential impact of the training intervention on throughput and retention of smokers in smoking services, (3) to establish potential impact on smoking cessation outcomes, (4) to optimise logistics for conducting a cluster randomised trial in the next phase of the research programme and (5) to consider the feasibility of collecting pharmacy and service user data...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096854/social-network-analysis-of-iranian-researchers-on-medical-parasitology-a-41-year-co-authorship-survey
#4
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Ali Valinejadi, Mansoureh Serati Shirazi, Rouhallah Khademi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to survey the Iranian Parasitology researchers' performance, and analyse and visualize the scientific outputs of their co-authorship network. METHODS: This study was conducted using scientometric method and social network analysis (SNA). The data extracted from the Web of Science (WoS) databases in July 10th 2014. Totally, 1048 documents of all types in research area of Parasitology during 1972-2013 by Iranian researches retrieved...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096749/evidence-based-information-needs-of-public-health-workers-a-systematized-review
#5
REVIEW
Jill Barr-Walker
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed public health workers' evidence-based information needs, based on a review of the literature using a systematic search strategy. This study is based on a thesis project conducted as part of the author's master's in public health coursework and is considered a systematized review. METHODS: Four databases were searched for English-language articles published between 2005 and 2015: PubMed, Web of Science, Library Literature & Information Science Index, and Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts (LISTA)...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096009/perceptions-of-dying-well-and-distressing-death-by-acute-care-nurses
#6
Christine A Becker, Greg Wright, Kristen Schmit
AIM: This study aims to identify perceptions of nurses practicing in four adult inpatient units regarding their actions to provide quality end of life care for dying patients, their definitions of dying well, and their symptoms of distress and actions they took for relief. BACKGROUND: Nurses caring for patients who are dying want them to have the best death possible; however, many nurses are not prepared for every death which may occur. METHODS: Qualitative questionnaire data were collected from 49 nurses on four adult inpatient nursing units to analyze nurse perceptions of distressing death and dying well...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095915/development-and-validation-of-seer-seeking-engaging-with-and-evaluating-research-a-measure-of-policymakers-capacity-to-engage-with-and-use-research
#7
Sue E Brennan, Joanne E McKenzie, Tari Turner, Sally Redman, Steve Makkar, Anna Williamson, Abby Haynes, Sally E Green
BACKGROUND: Capacity building strategies are widely used to increase the use of research in policy development. However, a lack of well-validated measures for policy contexts has hampered efforts to identify priorities for capacity building and to evaluate the impact of strategies. We aimed to address this gap by developing SEER (Seeking, Engaging with and Evaluating Research), a self-report measure of individual policymakers' capacity to engage with and use research. METHODS: We used the SPIRIT Action Framework to identify pertinent domains and guide development of items for measuring each domain...
January 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095887/association-between-midlife-health-behaviours-and-transitions-out-of-employment-from-midlife-to-early-old-age-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#8
Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Ewan Carr, Emily Murray, Stephen Stansfeld, Nicola Shelton, Mai Stafford, Jenny Head
BACKGROUND: It is important to determine whether unhealthy behaviours might influence transitions out of employment from midlife to old age, given the anticipated need for adults to work for longer. Our aim was to determine the association between repeated assessments of cigarette smoking, heavy/problem alcohol drinking, low physical activity and poor diet at midlife, in relation to work exit from midlife to old age. METHODS: Data from 7704 participants (5392 men) from the Whitehall II cohort study in employment at midlife were used to evaluate the association between unhealthy behaviours and a subsequent transition out of work during 22 years follow-up, using logistic regression models...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095802/a-case-control-study-investigating-factors-associated-with-high-infant-death-in-saiha-district-of-mizoram-india-bordering-myanmar
#9
Alok K Deb, Shanta Dutta, Chhaihlo Hnichho, Mary Vanlalpeki, Hli Thapi Phosa, Khaila Rakhu, Samuel Lalfakawma Fanai, Manoj Chakrabarti, Samiran Panda
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality has dropped considerably in India over the last 5 years. A sharp contrast to this decline in national average of infant mortality is the rate recorded during 2014-2015 from the southernmost district of Saiha, Mizoram having a common international border with Myanmar. As this district specific rate (113 per 1000 live births) is 3 times higher compared to the national and state average, the present investigation was carried out to identify associated factors...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095791/a-person-centred-and-thriving-promoting-intervention-in-nursing-homes-study-protocol-for-the-u-age-nursing-home-multi-centre-non-equivalent-controlled-group-before-after-trial
#10
David Edvardsson, Karin Sjögren, Qarin Lood, Ådel Bergland, Marit Kirkevold, Per-Olof Sandman
BACKGROUND: The literature suggests that person-centred care can contribute to quality of life and wellbeing of nursing home residents, relatives and staff. However, there is sparse research evidence on how person-centred care can be operationalised and implemented in practice, and the extent to which it may promote wellbeing and satisfaction. Therefore, the U-Age nursing home study was initiated to deepen the understanding of how to integrate person-centred care into daily practice and to explore the effects and meanings of this...
January 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095211/social-networking-in-an-agricultural-research-center-using-data-to-enhance-outcomes
#11
Mary E Cramer, Ozgur M Araz, Mary J Wendl
The purpose of this article is to present a case study of one Midwestern Agricultural Center that used social network analysis (SNA) to 1) evaluate its collaborations with extramural stakeholders and 2) strategically plan for extending outreach for goal achievement. An evaluation team developed a data collection instrument based on SNA principles. It was administered to the Agricultural Center's intramural stakeholders (N = 9), who were asked to identify the key extramural stakeholders with whom they had collaborated within the previous 12 months...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095117/parents-asthma-information-needs-and-preferences-for-school-based-asthma-support
#12
Noha Abdullah Al Aloola, Lisa Nissen, Huda Abdullaziz Alewairdhi, Nawaf Al Faryan, Bandana Saini
Objectives This study sought to investigate parents' needs and preferences for school-based asthma support in Saudi Arabian primary schools. Methods Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted in the period between November 2015 and February 2016, with a convenience sample that comprised Saudi parents and carers of children with asthma. Recruitment of participants was primarily driven through Saudi primary schools; passive snowballing and social networks were used to boost participation rates further...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094905/abortion-incidence-and-service-availability-in-the-united-states-2014
#13
Rachel K Jones, Jenna Jerman
CONTEXT: National and state-level information about abortion incidence can help inform policies and programs intended to reduce levels of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: In 2015-2016, all U.S. facilities known or expected to have provided abortion services in 2013 or 2014 were surveyed. Data on the number of abortions were combined with population data to estimate national and state-level abortion rates. The number of abortion-providing facilities and changes since a similar 2011 survey were also assessed...
January 17, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094587/applying-theories-to-better-understand-socio-political-challenges-in-implementing-evidence-based-work-disability-prevention-strategies
#14
Christian Ståhl, Katia Costa-Black, Patrick Loisel
PURPOSE: This article explores and applies theories for analyzing socio-political aspects of implementation of work disability prevention (WDP) strategies. METHOD: For the analysis, theories from political science are explained and discussed in relation to case examples from three jurisdictions (Sweden, Brazil and Québec). RESULTS: Implementation of WDP strategies may be studied through a conceptual framework that targets: (1) the institutional system in which policy-makers and other stakeholders reside; (2) the ambiguity and conflicts regarding what to do and how to do it; (3) the bounded rationality, path dependency and social systems of different stakeholders; and (4) coalitions formed by different stakeholders and power relations between them...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093938/capacity-and-consent
#15
Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart, Mary Chiarella
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare practitioners have a legal, ethical and professional obligation to obtain patient consent for all healthcare treatments. There is increasing evidence which suggests dissonance and variation in practice in assessment of decision-making capacity and consent processes. AIMS: This study explores healthcare practitioners' knowledge and practices of assessing decision-making capacity and obtaining patient consent to treatment in the acute generalist setting...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093885/claims-to-the-benefits-of-clinical-supervision-a-critique-of-the-policy-development-process-and-outcomes-in-new-south-wales-australia
#16
Edward White
The historical development of clinical supervision has been variously interpreted in the international literature. Creditable evidence has accumulated, particularly over the past two decades, to show that clinical supervision has a positive demonstrable effect on supervisees. However, comparatively little research evidence has entered the public domain on any effect that clinical supervision might have on other nominated outcomes. In Australia, developments in clinical supervision were recently prompted by initiatives at national and state levels...
February 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093883/consumers-in-mental-health-service-leadership-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Brett Scholz, Sarah Gordon, Brenda Happell
Contemporary mental health policies call for greater involvement of mental health service consumers in all aspects and at all levels of service planning, delivery, and evaluation. The extent to which consumers are part of the decision-making function of mental health organizations varies. This systematic review synthesizes empirical and review studies published in peer-reviewed academic journals relating to consumers in leadership roles within mental health organizations. The Cochrane Library, Medline, and PsycINFO were searched for articles specifically analysing and discussing consumers' mental health service leadership...
February 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093801/from-questions-to-answers-examining-the-role-of-pediatric-surveillance-units-in-eating-disorder-research
#18
Debra K Katzman, Sloane Madden, Dasha Nicholls, Karizma Mawjee, Mark L Norris
Pediatric Surveillance Units (PSUs) provide a unique model for the study of pediatric eating disorders (EDs). Australia, Britain, and Canada have surveillance programs that have generated valuable epidemiological and clinical data on early-onset eating disorders (EOED). The PSUs represent an important collaborative tool that has helped shape our understanding of EOEDs and offers potential to contribute to decisions regarding health resource allocation and public health policy. This paper reviews the role of PSUs as a unique model to study pediatric EDs and its success in translating the knowledge generated by these programs into improving the health of children and adolescents with EDs worldwide...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093665/disproportionality-and-disparities-among-sexual-minority-youth-in-custody
#19
Bianca D M Wilson, Sid P Jordan, Ilan H Meyer, Andrew R Flores, Lara Stemple, Jody L Herman
Research indicates that sexual minority youth are disproportionately criminalized in the U.S. and subjected to abusive treatment while in correctional facilities. However, the scope and extent of disparities based on sexual orientation remains largely overlooked in the juvenile justice literature. This study, based on a nationally representative federal agency survey conducted in 2012 (N = 8785; 9.9% girls), reveals that 39.4% of girls and 3.2% of boys in juvenile correctional facilities identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093542/disease-burden-of-dengue-in-the-philippines-adjusting-for-underreporting-by-comparing-active-and-passive-dengue-surveillance-in-punta-princesa-cebu-city
#20
Eduardo A Undurraga, Frances E Edillo, Jonathan Neil V Erasmo, Maria Theresa P Alera, In-Kyu Yoon, Francisco M Largo, Donald S Shepard
Dengue virus (DENV) is a serious threat to public health. Having reliable estimates of the burden of dengue is important to inform policy and research, but surveillance systems are not designed to capture all symptomatic DENV infections. We derived the rate of reporting of dengue by comparing active surveillance of symptomatic DENV infections in a prospective community-based seroepidemiological cohort study (N = 1008) of acute febrile illness in Punta Princesa, Cebu City, Philippines, with passive surveillance data from the Cebu City Health Department...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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