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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938248/a-youth-compendium-of-physical-activities-activity-codes-and-metabolic-intensities
#1
Nancy F Butte, Kathleen B Watson, Kate Ridley, Issa F Zakeri, Robert G McMurray, Karin A Pfeiffer, Scott E Crouter, Stephen D Herrmann, David R Bassett, Alexander Long, Zekarias Berhane, Stewart G Trost, Barbara E Ainsworth, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
PURPOSE: A Youth Compendium of Physical Activities (Youth Compendium) was developed to estimate the energy costs of physical activities using data on youth only. METHODS: Based on a literature search and pooled data of energy expenditure measurements in youth, the energy costs of 196 activities were compiled in 16 activity categories to form a Youth Compendium of Physical Activities. To estimate the intensity of each activity, measured oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) was divided by basal metabolic rate (Schofield age-, sex- and mass-specific equations) to produce a youth MET (METy)...
September 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938104/do-nurses-personal-health-behaviours-impact-on-their-health-promotion-practice-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Muireann Kelly, Jane Wills, Susie Sykes
BACKGROUND: There is a growing expectation in national and international policy and from professional bodies that nurses be role models for healthy behaviours, the rationale being that there is a relationship between nurses' personal health and the adoption of healthier behaviours by patients. This may be from patients being motivated by, and modelling, the visible healthy lifestyle of the nurse or that nurses are more willing to promote the health of their patients by offering public health or health promotion advice and referring the patient to support services...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938077/one-step-for-a-hospital-ten-steps-for-women-african-american-women-s-experiences-in-a-newly-accredited-baby-friendly-hospital
#3
Elizabeth M Miller, Adetola F Louis-Jacques, Tara F Deubel, Ivonne Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Despite strides made by the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative to improve and normalize breastfeeding, considerable racial inequality persists in breastfeeding rates. Few studies have explored African American women's experience in a Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative system to understand sources of this inequality. Research aim: This study aimed to explore African American women's experiences of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding at a women's center associated with a university-affiliated hospital that recently achieved Baby-Friendly status...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937935/the-impact-of-the-2006-massachusetts-health-care-reform-law-on-spine-surgery-patient-payer-mix-status-and-age
#4
Nicolas W Villelli, Hong Yan, Jian Zou, Nicholas M Barbaro
OBJECTIVE Several similarities exist between the Massachusetts health care reform law of 2006 and the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The authors' prior neurosurgical research showed a decrease in uninsured surgeries without a significant change in surgical volume after the Massachusetts reform. An analysis of the payer-mix status and the age of spine surgery patients, before and after the policy, should provide insight into the future impact of the ACA on spine surgery in the US. METHODS Using the Massachusetts State Inpatient Database and spine ICD-9-CM procedure codes, the authors obtained demographic information on patients undergoing spine surgery between 2001 and 2012...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937874/can-a-label-help-me-drink-in-moderation-a-review-of-the-evidence-on-standard-drink-labelling
#5
Ashley Wettlaufer
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the concept of a standard drink (SD) is foundational knowledge to many public health policies aimed at reducing alcohol-related harms. These policies include adhering to low-risk drinking guidelines, screening brief intervention and referral activities, and counter alcohol-impaired driving initiatives. A lack of awareness of SDs might preclude the effectiveness of these interventions. A systematic review was conducted to review the evidence about how effective alcohol labels are in communicating SD information to the consumer...
September 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937148/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-ophthalmology-services-what-matters-most-to-young-people-with-visual-impairment
#6
A O Robertson, V Tadić, J S Rahi
PurposeTo identify the views and experiences and thus the transition-related needs of young people with visual impairment (VI), so as to inform future practice and policies.Patients and methodsQualitative study of 17 young people aged 16-19 years (ie the conventional transition age threshold) with VI (best-corrected acuity logMAR worse than 0.48) and without additional impairments, drawn from a sampling frame of paediatric ophthalmology patients attending Great Ormond Street Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital (London, UK)...
September 22, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936995/prevalence-of-disability-in-tamil-nadu-india
#7
Banurekha Velayutham, Boopathi Kangusamy, Sanjay Mehendale
BACKGROUND: Information on disability is essential for the government to formulate policies, allocate adequate resources and implement appropriate programmes. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of disability and describe the types of disability by gender, age and geographical regions in Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS: We analysed the 2011 Census cross-sectional survey data of Tamil Nadu. Age-adjusted disability rates and disability rates per 100 000 population were calculated...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936829/-protocol-of-intensive-hospital-monitoring-with-long-follow-up-and-large-sample-diemailing-kudiezi-injection-as-example
#8
Xing Liao, Yan-Ming Xie, Gui-Qian Wang
This is a protocol of intensive hospital monitoring with long follow up and large sample of Diemailing Kudiezi injection, which aims to identify adverse drug reactions(ADRs) of Diemailing Kudiezi injection, including known incidence of adverse reactions, the incidence of new adverse reactions, the incidence of various ADR symptoms and the incidence of ADR among the sub populations; clarify the clinical features of ADRs of Diemailing Kudiezi injection; explore risk factors for ADRs; and analyze their usage in real world...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936475/surgical-data-science-the-new-knowledge-domain
#9
S Swaroop Vedula, Gregory D Hager
Healthcare in general, and surgery/interventional care in particular, is evolving through rapid advances in technology and increasing complexity of care with the goal of maximizing quality and value of care. While innovations in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies have driven past improvements in quality of surgical care, future transformation in care will be enabled by data. Conventional methodologies, such as registry studies, are limited in their scope for discovery and research, extent and complexity of data, breadth of analytic techniques, and translation or integration of research findings into patient care...
April 2017: Innov Surg Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936411/a-literature-review-on-work-transitioning-of-youth-with-disabilities-into-competitive-employment
#10
REVIEW
Madri Engelbrecht, Lynn Shaw, Lana van Niekerk
BACKGROUND: The marginalisation of youth with disabilities from employment opportunities is evident from literature in as far as they form part of the larger groups 'people with disabilities' and 'youth'. A focused view of programmes that assist youth with disabilities into employment has not been presented, despite the worldwide crisis of youth unemployment. AIM: This review aimed to identify evidence on work transition programmes that are effective in assisting people with disabilities into open labour market (competitive) employment, as well as to highlight gaps in knowledge to inform future research on this topic...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936141/social-frailty-in-older-adults-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
S Bunt, N Steverink, J Olthof, C P van der Schans, J S M Hobbelen
Social frailty is a rather unexplored concept. In this paper, the concept of social frailty among older people is explored utilizing a scoping review. In the first stage, 42 studies related to social frailty of older people were compiled from scientific databases and analyzed. In the second stage, the findings of this literature were structured using the social needs concept of Social Production Function theory. As a result, it was concluded that social frailty can be defined as a continuum of being at risk of losing, or having lost, resources that are important for fulfilling one or more basic social needs during the life span...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936139/does-active-ageing-contribute-to-life-satisfaction-for-older-people-testing-a-new-model-of-active-ageing
#12
Sara Marsillas, Liesbeth De Donder, Tinie Kardol, Sofie van Regenmortel, Sarah Dury, Dorien Brosens, An-Sofie Smetcoren, Teresa Braña, Jesús Varela
Several debates have emerged across the literature about the conceptualisation of active ageing. The aim of this study is to develop a model of the construct that is focused on the individual, including different elements of people's lives that have the potential to be modified by intervention programs. Moreover, the paper examines the contributions of active ageing to life satisfaction, as well as the possible predictive role of coping styles on active ageing. For this purpose, a representative sample of 404 Galician (Spain) community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥60 years) were interviewed using a structured survey...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935616/endocrine-disruptors-and-health-effects-in-africa-a-call-for-action
#13
Maria S Bornman, Natalie H Aneck-Hahn, Christiaan de Jager, Gesina M Wagenaar, Hindrik Bouwman, Irene E J Barnhoorn, Sean M Patrick, Laura N Vandenberg, Andreas Kortenkamp, Bruce Blumberg, Sarah Kimmins, Bernard Jegou, Jacques Auger, Joseph DiGangi, Jerrold J Heindel
BACKGROUND: Africa faces a number of unique environmental challenges. Unfortunately, it lacks the infrastructure needed to support the comprehensive environmental studies that could provide the scientific basis to inform environmental policies. There are a number of known sources of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and other hazardous chemicals in Africa. However, a coordinated approach to identify and monitor these contaminants and to develop strategies for public health interventions has not yet been made...
August 22, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935433/intersectorality-and-social-participation-as-coping-policies-for-health-inequities-worldwide
#14
Regina Celia Fiorati, Ricardo A Arcêncio, Javier Segura Del Pozo, Milagros Ramasco-Gutiérrez, Pilar Serrano-Gallardo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact that intersectoral policies and social participation, implemented worldwide, have had on the modification of the social determinants for health and on the reduction of social health inequities. METHOD: A scoping review of the literature published in the period 2005-2015 was performed. The literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scielo databases. Two researchers reviewed each document. Data were analysed according to the intersectoral action and social participation variables and according to the theoretical frameworks of the Social Determinants Model of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) and the theoretical constructs of Social Capital (SC) and Life Course (LC)...
September 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935231/pandemic-legislation-in-the-european-union-fit-for-purpose-the-need-for-a-systematic-comparison-of-national-laws
#15
Elizabeth M Speakman, Scott Burris, Richard Coker
Sound governance is central to effective pandemic management. Key international legal instruments governing pandemic management in the European Union (EU): the International Health Regulations (2005) and Decision 1082/13 require EU Member States to develop national plans and invite them to establish national legal frameworks to support compliance with this international legislation. Although Member States may design the legal framework as they choose, the strongest instrument of pandemic governance is national legislation...
September 1, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935219/medical-abortion-can-be-provided-safely-and-effectively-by-pharmacy-workers-trained-within-a-harm-reduction-framework-nepal
#16
Anand Tamang, Mahesh Puri, Sazina Masud, Deepak Kumar Karki, Diksha Khadka, Minal Singh, Poonam Sharma, Subash Gajurel
OBJECTIVES: To examine the treatment efficacy, safety and satisfaction of women using medical abortion (MA) pills provided by pharmacists following an education intervention based on a harm reduction approach. STUDY DESIGN: This was an operations research study over a six-month period in 2015, using a non-inferiority design. We provided training to dispense MA pills, based on a harm reduction approach, to a group of pharmacy workers in Makwanpur district (GROUP 2)...
September 18, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934799/factors-influencing-the-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-in-clinical-judgement-of-chronic-pain-interactive-management-with-medical-students
#17
Christopher P Dwyer, Phoebe E McKenna-Plumley, Hannah Durand, Emer M Gormley, Brian W Slattery, Owen M Harney, Padraig MacNeela, Brian E McGuire
BACKGROUND: Though there is wide support for the application of biopsychosocial perspectives in clinical judgement of chronic pain cases, such perspectives are often overlooked due to either inadequate training or attitudes favoring a biomedical approach. Recent research has indicated that despite such explanations, both established general practitioners (GP) and medical students account for some psychosocial factors when making clinical judgements regarding chronic pain cases, but report not being likely to apply these in real-world, clinical settings due to numerous factors, including available time with patients...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934600/does-regional-disadvantage-affect-health-related-sport-and-physical-activity-level-a-multi-level-analysis-of-individual-behaviour
#18
Pamela Wicker, Paul Downward, Fernando Lera-López
This study examines the role of regional government quality in health-related participation in sport and physical activity among adults (18-64 years) in 28 European countries. The importance of the analysis rests in the relative autonomy that regional and local governments have over policy decisions connected with sport and physical activity. While existing studies have focussed on economic and infrastructural investment and expenditure, this research investigates the quality of regional governments across 208 regions within 28 European countries...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934401/lessons-learned-for-reducing-the-negative-impact-of-adverse-events-on-patients-health-professionals-and-healthcare-organizations
#19
Jose Joaquin Mira, Susana Lorenzo, Irene Carrillo, Lena Ferrús, Carmen Silvestre, Pilar Astier, Fuencisla Iglesias-Alonso, Jose Angel Maderuelo, Pastora Pérez-Pérez, Maria Luisa Torijano, Elena Zavala, Susan D Scott
Purpose: To summarize the knowledge about the aftermath of adverse events (AEs) and develop a recommendation set to reduce their negative impact in patients, health professionals and organizations in contexts where there is no previous experiences and apology laws are not present. Data sources: Review studies published between 2000 and 2015, institutional websites and experts' opinions on patient safety. Study selection: Studies published and websites on open disclosure, and the second and third victims' phenomenon...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934277/double-edged-sword-of-interdisciplinary-knowledge-flow-from-hard-sciences-to-humanities-and-social-sciences-evidence-from-china
#20
Meijun Liu, Dongbo Shi, Jiang Li
Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) increasingly absorb knowledge from Hard Sciences, i.e., Science, Technology, Agriculture and Medicine (STAM), as testified by a growing number of citations. However, whether citing more Hard Sciences brings more citations to HSS remains to be investigated. Based on China's HSS articles indexed by the Web of Science during 1998-2014, this paper estimated two-way fixed effects negative binomial models, with journal effects and year effects. Findings include: (1) An inverse U-shaped curve was observed between the percentage of STAM references to the HSS articles and the number of citations they received; (2) STAM contributed increasing knowledge to China's HSS, while Science and Technology knowledge contributed more citations to HSS articles...
2017: PloS One
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