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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149575/researchers-of-color-fame-and-impact
#1
Michael A Zárate, Gordon Nagayama Hall, Victoria C Plaut
Fame and eminence, as traditionally measured, limit the definition of impact to the publication world. We add two types of impact to the traditional measures of fame and eminence. Many of the traditional measures of fame or eminence are based on social-network connections, whereby individuals appoint other people to positions of eminence. Editorial boards are one specific example. Eminence is also limited to number of publications, for example, with little regard for the impact of those publications at the societal level...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149462/a-multi-institutional-study-of-the-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-evidence-based-practice
#2
Daphne C Duncombe
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to examine perceived barriers and facilitators to implementing evidence-based practice among nurses working in psychiatric, geriatric, hospital and community settings in The Bahamas. BACKGROUND: It is evident from previous studies that a number of factors exist which either obstruct or promote the utilization of research evidence in nursing practice. Identifying these factors is vital to the successful uptake of evidence-based practice in nursing...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149317/decision-space-for-health-workforce-management-in-decentralized-settings-a-case-study-in-uganda
#3
Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Joanna Raven, Sally Theobald, Freddie Ssengooba, Milly Nattimba, Tim Martineau
The aim of this paper is to improve understanding about how district health managers perceive and use their decision space for human resource management (HRM) and how this compares with national policies and regulatory frameworks governing HRM. The study builds upon work undertaken by PERFORM Research Consortium in Uganda using action-research to strengthen human resources management in the health sector. To assess the decision space that managers have in six areas of HRM (e.g. policy, planning, remuneration and incentives, performance management, education and information) the study compares the roles allocated by Uganda's policy and regulatory frameworks with the actual room for decision-making that district health managers perceive that they have...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149276/urban-renewal-gentrification-and-health-equity-a-realist-perspective
#4
Roshanak Mehdipanah, Giulia Marra, Giulia Melis, Elena Gelormino
Background: Up to now, research has focused on the effects of urban renewal programs and their impacts on health. While some of this research points to potential negative health effects due to gentrification, evidence that addresses the complexity associated with this relation is much needed. This paper seeks to better understand when, why and how health inequities arise from urban renewal interventions resulting in gentrification. Methods: A realist review, a qualitative systematic review method, aimed to better explain the relation between context, mechanism and outcomes, was used...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149262/a-food-environments-feedback-system-foodback-for-empowering-citizens-and-change-agents-to-create-healthier-community-food-places
#5
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Rachel Williams, Essa Tawfiq, Boyd Swinburn
This study developed a systems-based approach (called FoodBack) to empower citizens and change agents to create healthier community food places. Formative evaluations were held with citizens and change agents in six diverse New Zealand communities, supplemented by semi-structured interviews with 85 change agents in Auckland and Hamilton in 2015-2016. The emerging system was additionally reviewed by public health experts from diverse organizations. A food environments feedback system was constructed to crowdsource key indicators of the healthiness of diverse community food places (i...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149222/personalized-medicine-and-hispanic-health-improving-health-outcomes-and-reducing-health-disparities-a-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute-workshop-report
#6
M Larissa Avilés-Santa, John Heintzman, Nangel M Lindberg, Rafael Guerrero-Preston, Kenneth Ramos, Ana L Abraído-Lanza, Jonca Bull, Adolph Falcón, Mary Ann McBurnie, Ernest Moy, George Papanicolaou, Ileana L Piña, Jennifer Popovic, Shakira F Suglia, Miguel A Vázquez
Persons of Hispanic/Latino descent may represent different ancestries, ethnic and cultural groups and countries of birth. In the U.S., the Hispanic/Latino population is projected to constitute 29% of the population by 2060. A personalized approach focusing on individual variability in genetics, environment, lifestyle and socioeconomic determinants of health may advance the understanding of some of the major factors contributing to the health disparities experienced by Hispanics/Latinos and other groups in the U...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149116/solving-the-problem-of-smoking-in-the-polish-enterprises-during-2003-2015
#7
Elżbieta Korzeniowska, Krzysztof Puchalski
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoking is a major organizational, economical, and public relations-related (PR-related) problem for the company. Moreover, it is an important health determinant of the working population. The paper reports the results of the research which analyzed the current state and the tobacco control activities' transformations undertaken by Polish employers between 2003 and 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data comes from the research performed in 2006, 2010 and 2015, involving random- selected representative samples of Polish enterprises, employing no fewer than 50 employees...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148951/reframing-consent-for-clinical-research-a-function-based-approach
#8
Neal W Dickert, Nir Eyal, Sara F Goldkind, Christine Grady, Steven Joffe, Bernard Lo, Franklin G Miller, Rebecca D Pentz, Robert Silbergleit, Kevin P Weinfurt, David Wendler, Scott Y H Kim
Although informed consent is important in clinical research, questions persist regarding when it is necessary, what it requires, and how it should be obtained. The standard view in research ethics is that the function of informed consent is to respect individual autonomy. However, consent processes are multidimensional and serve other ethical functions as well. These functions deserve particular attention when barriers to consent exist. We argue that consent serves seven ethically important and conceptually distinct functions...
December 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148906/research-and-policy-change-to-improve-healthcare-and-elder-services-for-lgbt-older-adults
#9
Sean R Cahill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148837/prostitution-stigma-and-its-effect-on-the-working-conditions-personal-lives-and-health-of-sex-workers
#10
Cecilia Benoit, S Mikael Jansson, Michaela Smith, Jackson Flagg
Researchers have shown that stigma is a fundamental determinant of behavior, well-being, and health for many marginalized groups, but sex workers are notably absent from their analyses. This article aims to fill the empirical research gap on sex workers by reviewing the mounting evidence of stigmatization attached to sex workers' occupation, often referred to as "prostitution" or "whore" stigma. We give special attention to its negative effect on the working conditions, personal lives, and health of sex workers...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148831/is-your-biobank-up-to-standards-a-review-of-the-national-canadian-tissue-repository-network-required-operational-practice-standards-and-the-controlled-documents-of-a-certified-biobank
#11
Victoria Hartman, Tania Castillo-Pelayo, Sindy Babinszky, Simon Dee, Jodi Leblanc, Lise Matzke, Sheila O'Donoghue, Jane Carpenter, Candace Carter, Amanda Rush, Jennifer Byrne, Rebecca Barnes, Anne-Marie Mes-Messons, Peter Watson
Ongoing quality management is an essential part of biobank operations and the creation of high quality biospecimen resources. Adhering to the standards of a national biobanking network is a way to reduce variability between individual biobank processes, resulting in cross biobank compatibility and more consistent support for health researchers. The Canadian Tissue Repository Network (CTRNet) implemented a set of required operational practices (ROPs) in 2011 and these serve as the standards and basis for the CTRNet biobank certification program...
November 17, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148357/cuts-and-the-cutting-edge-british-science-funding-and-the-making-of-animal-biotechnology-in-1980s-edinburgh
#12
Dmitriy Myelnikov
The Animal Breeding Research Organisation in Edinburgh (ABRO, founded in 1945) was a direct ancestor of the Roslin Institute, celebrated for the cloning of Dolly the sheep. After a period of sustained growth as an institute of the Agricultural Research Council (ARC), ABRO was to lose most of its funding in 1981. This decision has been absorbed into the narrative of the Thatcherite attack on science, but in this article I show that the choice to restructure ABRO pre-dated major government cuts to agricultural research, and stemmed from the ARC's wish to prioritize biotechnology in its portfolio...
December 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148321/impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-s-dependent-coverage-expansion-on-the-health-care-and-health-status-of-young-adults-what-do-we-know-so-far
#13
Joshua Breslau, Bradley D Stein, Bing Han, Shoshanna Shelton, Hao Yu
The dependent coverage expansion (DCE), a component of the Affordable Care Act, required private health insurance policies that cover dependents to offer coverage for policyholders' children through age 25. This review summarizes peer-reviewed research on the impact of the DCE on the chain of consequences through which it could affect public health. Specifically, we examine the impact of the DCE on insurance coverage, access to care, utilization of care, and health status. All studies find that the DCE increased insurance coverage, but evidence regarding downstream impacts is inconsistent...
December 1, 2016: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148283/patient-and-provider-perspectives-on-shared-decision-making-a-systematic-review-of-the-peer-reviewed-literature
#14
Nyna Williams, Chris Fleming, Annie Doubleday
For comparative effectiveness research to be effective, patients and providers must collaborate in shared decision making (SDM) to make evidence-based clinical decisions that align with patient preferences. We conducted a systematic review to examine patient and provider attitudes toward and engagement in SDM in the USA. Searches in PubMed and PsycINFO identified 1585 articles published between July 2006 and December 2016, of which 290 were screened in for coding and analysis. We found that patients and providers have generally positive attitudes toward SDM, but actual engagement in SDM behavior is lagging...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148093/keeping-and-breeding-the-rescued-sunda-pangolins-manis-javanica-in-captivity
#15
Fuhua Zhang, Jiaming Yu, Shibao Wu, Shaoshan Li, Cuiyun Zou, Qiaoyun Wang, Ruyong Sun
The Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica Desmarest, 1822) is a Critically Endangered species. Given that this species lacks effective policies for in situ conservation and prevention of poaching in the wild, ex situ conservation and a captive breeding program are urgently needed to save this species from extinction. However, techniques for the maintenance and captive breeding of pangolins have not been well developed. In June 2010, we established the Pangolin Research Base for Artificial Rescue and Conservation Breeding of South China Normal University (PRB-SCNU)...
November 17, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148075/job-satisfaction-work-environment-and-successful-aging-determinants-of-delaying-retirement-among-acute-care-nurses
#16
Michele Wargo-Sugleris, Wendie Robbins, Christianne Joy Lane, Linda R Phillips
AIM: To determine the relationships between job satisfaction, work environment and successful aging and how these factors relate to Registered Nurses' intent to retire. BACKGROUND: Although little studied, retention of older nurses by delaying early retirement, before age 65, is an important topic for research. Qualitative and quantitative studies have indicated that job satisfaction work environment and successful aging are key motivators in acute care Registered Nursesretention and/or delaying retirement...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147890/food-allergy-in-children-an-overview
#17
REVIEW
Jaidev M Devdas, Christopher Mckie, Adam T Fox, Vinod H Ratageri
The estimated prevalence of food allergy amongst children in the west is around 6-8% but there is paucity of data in the Indian population. There is a complex interplay of environmental influences and genetic factors in the immuno-pathogenesis and manifestations of food allergy. A reliable thorough clinical history, combined with positive skin prick tests or food-specific IgE, is essential for a more precise diagnosis of food allergy. Currently there is no cure for food allergy. The management of food allergy usually includes strict avoidance, patient education and provision of emergency medication (adrenaline-autoinjectors)...
November 17, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146711/ethics-health-policy-and-zika-from-emergency-to-global-epidemic
#18
Euzebiusz Jamrozik, Michael J Selgelid
Zika virus was recognised in 2016 as an important vector-borne cause of congenital malformations and Guillain-Barré syndrome, during a major epidemic in Latin America, centred in Northeastern Brazil. The WHO and Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), with partner agencies, initiated a coordinated global response including public health intervention and urgent scientific research, as well as ethical analysis as a vital element of policy design. In this paper, we summarise the major ethical issues raised during the Zika epidemic, highlighting the PAHO ethics guidance and the role of ethics in emergency responses, before turning to ethical issues that are yet to be resolved...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146650/benefits-and-risks-of-iron-interventions-in-children-brisc-protocol-for-a-three-arm-parallel-group-randomised-controlled-field-trial-in-bangladesh
#19
Mohammed Imrul Hasan, Sheikh Jamal Hossain, Sabine Braat, Michael John Dibley, Jane Fisher, Sally Grantham-McGregor, Fahmida Tofail, Julie A Simpson, Shams Ei Arifeen, Jena Hamadani, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Sant-Rayn Pasricha
INTRODUCTION: Anaemia is a major global health problem affecting about 43% of preschool children globally and 60% of 6-24-month-old children in rural Bangladesh, half of which is attributed to iron deficiency (ID). Although WHO recommends universal supplementation with iron or home fortification with iron-containing multiple micronutrient powders (MMPs) to children under 2 years, evidence for benefits of these interventions on childhood development (a key rationale for these interventions) and harms (especially infection) remains limited...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#20
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
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