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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432998/non-ideal-effects-in-bending-response-of-soft-substrates-covered-with-biomimetic-scales
#1
Ranajay Ghosh, Hamid Ebrahimi, Ashkan Vaziri
Biomimetic scales are known to substantially alter the mechanics response of the underlying substrate engendering complex nonlinearities that can manifest even in small deformations due to scales interaction. This interaction is typically modeled using a-priori homogenization with an enforced periodicity of engagement. Such a framework is fairly useful especially when dealing with the structural length scale which is at least one order of magnitude greater than the scales themselves since individual tracking of a large number of scales become insurmountable...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432967/friendliness-functionality-and-freedom-design-characteristics-that-support-midwifery-practice-in-the-hospital-setting
#2
Athena Hammond, Caroline S E Homer, Maralyn Foureur
OBJECTIVE: to identify and describe the design characteristics of hospital birth rooms that support midwives and their practice. DESIGN: this study used a qualitative exploratory descriptive methodology underpinned by the theoretical approach of critical realism. Data was collected through 21 in-depth, face-to-face photo-elicitation interviews and a thematic analysis guided by study objectives and the aims of exploratory research was undertaken. SETTING: the study was set at a recently renovated tertiary hospital in a large Australian city...
April 4, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432924/bringing-a-novel-to-practice-an-interpretive-study-of-reading-a-novel-in-an-undergraduate-nursing-practicum-course
#3
Graham McCaffrey, Lorraine Venturato, J David Patterson, Jennifer Langille, Roberta Jackson, Tom Rosenal
Novels are one humanities resource available to educators in health disciplines to support student reflection on their own professional practice and therapeutic relationships with patients. An interdisciplinary team, including nurses, a physician, and an English instructor, carried out an interpretive study of the use of a novel by clinical nursing instructors in an undergraduate practicum course. Students placed in assisted living or long term care facilities for the elderly were expected to read a contemporary work, Exit Lines, by Joan Barfoot, which is set in a comparable facility...
April 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432920/health-family-strains-dependency-and-life-satisfaction-of-older-adults
#4
Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Jayashree Mohanty
Using stress process theory and structural equation modelling, this study investigated the complex relationship between health status, family strain, dependency, and the life satisfaction of rural older adults with reported functional impairments in India. Data were extracted from a large-scale study of 903 randomly selected adults aged 61 years and older from 30 rural clusters of India. The sample for this study was confined to 653 older adults who reported functional impairments. Structural equation modelling showed that poor health status indirectly lowered the life satisfaction of older adults through family strains...
April 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432912/the-embodied-spaces-of-children-with-complex-care-needs-effects-on-the-social-realities-and-power-negotiations-of-families
#5
Roberta L Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Marie Edwards, Jacquie D Ripat, Gina Rempel
This paper presents research findings that advance knowledge around the power and agency families with children with complex care needs (CCN). Our conceptual framework uses concepts from geography towards situating the experiences and social realities of family carers within the 'embodied space of care'. The data originate from a longitudinal qualitative study of Canadian families with children with CCN. Findings reveal that interactions and decision-making processes relating to health and everyday life were complex and socially interconnected, and emphasize the need for provisions for family-based decision-making and enhanced social inclusion of families and the importance of the renegotiation of power...
April 19, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432902/ayahuasca-s-entwined-efficacy-an-ethnographic-study-of-ritual-healing-from-addiction
#6
Piera Talin, Emilia Sanabria
BACKGROUND: A range of studies has demonstrated the efficacy of the psychoactive Amazonian brew ayahuasca in addressing substance addiction. These have revealed that physiological and psychological mechanisms are deeply enmeshed. This article focuses on how interactive ritual contexts support the healing effort. The study of psychedelic-assisted treatments for addiction has much to gain from ethnographic analyses of healing experiences within the particular ecologies of use and care, where these interventions are rendered efficacious...
April 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432893/optimism-and-benefit-finding-in-parents-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities-the-role-of-positive-reappraisal-and-social-support
#7
Éadaoin Slattery, Jennifer McMahon, Stephen Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Researchers have consistently documented the relationship between optimism and benefit finding; however, there is a dearth of research on the psychological mechanisms mediating their association. AIM: This cross-sectional study sought to elucidate the mediating role of positive reappraisal and social support in the optimism-benefit finding relationship in parents caring for children with developmental disabilities by testing a parallel multiple mediation model...
April 19, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432878/in-vitro-susceptibility-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-from-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-to-vancomycin-daptomycin-linezolid-and-tedizolid
#8
Johanna Marcela Vanegas Múnera, Ana María Ocampo Ríos, Daniela Montoya Urrego, Judy Natalia Jiménez Quiceno
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-positive infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus remains as a clinical challenge due to emergence of new resistance mechanisms. Tedizolid is a next-generation oxazolidinone, recently approved for skin and soft tissues infections. We conducted a study to determine in vitro susceptibility to vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid, and tedizolid in MRSA clinical isolates from adult patients with skin and soft tissue infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Methicillin-resistant S...
April 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432863/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-breast-milk-donation-in-banks-that-receive-human-milk-in-primary-health-care-units
#9
Tatiana Mota Xavier de Meneses, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and to analyze factors associated with breast milk donation at primary health care units in order to increase the human milk bank reserves. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in 2013 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A representative sample of 695 mothers of children younger than 1 year attended to at the nine primary health care units with human milk donation services were interviewed. A hierarchical approach was used to obtain adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) by Poisson regression with robust variance...
April 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432854/quality-of-death-rumination-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-bereaved-family-members-of-cancer-patients-in-home-palliative-care
#10
Kayo Hirooka, Hiroki Fukahori, Kanako Taku, Taisuke Togari, Asao Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that quality of death (QOD) and intrusive and deliberate rumination are associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) among bereaved family members of cancer patients in home palliative care. METHODS: Data were collected from 805 bereaved family members of cancer patients who died at home in Japan. We used a cross-sectional design and participants completed Good Death Inventory, Event-Related Rumination Inventory and PTG Inventory...
April 22, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432853/an-evidence-based-approach-to-reducing-cardiac-telemetry-alarm-fatigue
#11
Ekta Srinivasa, Jaspreet Mankoo, Charles Kerr
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that between 80% and 99% of alarms in the clinical areas are in actionable alarms (Gross, Dahl, & Nielson). Alarm management is one of the Joint Commission's National Patient Safety Goals (2014) because sentinel events have directly been linked to the devices generating these alarms. PURPOSE: At an acute care facility in Boston, a multidisciplinary team consisting of Nursing, Biomedical Engineers, Patient Safety and Providers was formed to conduct a pilot study on the state of telemetry alarms on a surgical floor...
April 22, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432843/vitamin-b1-in-critically-ill-patients-needs-and-challenges
#12
REVIEW
Jake T B Collie, Ronda F Greaves, Oliver A H Jones, Que Lam, Glenn M Eastwood, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Thiamine has a crucial role in energy production, and consequently thiamine deficiency (TD) has been associated with cardiac failure, neurological disorders, oxidative stress (lactic acidosis and sepsis) and refeeding syndrome (RFS). This review aims to explore analytical methodologies of thiamine compound quantification and highlight similarities, variances and limitations of current techniques and how they may be relevant to patients. CONTENT: An electronic search of Medline, PubMed and Embase databases for original articles published in peer-reviewed journals was conducted...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432830/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infection-after-endoscopic-incision-for-the-treatment-of-ureterocele-in-children
#13
Kimihiko Moriya, Michiko Nakamura, Yoko Nishimura, Yukiko Kanno, Takeya Kitta, Masafumi Kon, Nobuo Shinohara
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the impact of endoscopic incision for ureterocele as an initial procedure, retrospective chart review was performed focusing on the prevalence and risk factors of symptomatic urinary tract infection after endoscopic incision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among children with ureterocele who were managed between September 1994 and April 2016, patients who were observed conservatively without additional surgical management after endoscopic incision were included in this study...
April 22, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432814/do-males-choose-their-mates-in-the-lekking-moth-achroia-grisella-influence-of-female-body-mass-and-male-reproductive-status-on-male-mate-choice
#14
Marlène Goubault, Rebecca Burlaud
Lekking males aggregate to attract females and contribute solely to egg fertilization, without any further parental care. Evolutionary theory therefore predicts them to be non-choosy towards their mates, because any lost mating opportunities would outweigh the benefits associated with such preferences. Nevertheless, due to time costs, the production of energetically costly sexual displays, and potential sperm limitation, the mating effort of lekking males is often considerable. These factors, combined with the fact that many females of varying quality are likely to visit leks, could favor the evolution of male mate preferences...
April 22, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432781/cognitive-functioning-and-emotion-processing-in-breast-cancer-survivors-and-controls-an-erp-pilot-study
#15
Janine Wirkner, Mathias Weymar, Andreas Löw, Carmen Hamm, Anne-Marie Struck, Clemens Kirschbaum, Alfons O Hamm
Diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer is a very emotionally aversive and stressful life event, which can lead to impaired cognitive functioning and mental health. Breast cancer survivors responding with repressive emotion regulation strategies often show less adaptive coping and adverse outcomes. We investigated cognitive functioning and neural correlates of emotion processing using ERPs. Self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and fatigue, as well as hair cortisol as an index of chronic stress, were assessed...
April 22, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432762/microvascular-replantation-of-head-and-neck-amputated-parts-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Johnny I Efanov, Ixchel J Montoya, Ke N Huang, Charles Guertin, Patrick G Harris, Joseph Bou-Merhi, Alain M Danino
BACKGROUND: As opposed to upper and lower extremity amputations representing a considerable volume of admissions, the prowess of microsurgeons is seldom solicited in complex cases of head and neck replantation. Our aim was to determine the rate of successful replantation of craniofacial parts in a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of English literature using PubMed/MEDLINE for every replantation of a head and neck parts...
April 22, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432757/headache-patients-satisfaction-with-telemedicine-a-12-month-follow-up-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#17
K I Müller, K B Alstadhaug, S I Bekkelund
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated non-acute headache patients' long-term satisfaction with a telemedicine consultation and consultation preferences in northern Norway. We hypothesized that patients were not less satisfied with telemedicine than traditional consultations. We also examined the influence of gender, age and education on satisfaction. METHODS: For 2.5 years, patients were consecutively screened, recruited and randomly assigned to telemedicine or traditional visits with a consultation at a neurological outpatient department...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432756/high-rate-of-systemic-corticosteroid-prescription-among-outpatient-visits-for-psoriasis-a-population-based-epidemiological-study-using-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database
#18
Sang Jun Eun, Sihyeok Jang, Jin Yong Lee, Young Kyung Do, Seong Jin Jo
The use of systemic corticosteroids (SC) for the treatment of psoriasis is not recommended according to textbooks and guidelines. In clinical practise, however, many physicians frequently prescribe SC for patients with psoriasis. To determine the magnitude of SC prescription for outpatients with psoriasis in Korea and identify factors associated with the use of SC, we used the 2010-2014 nationwide claims data of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service of Korea. In frequency analysis for the full scale of prescribed SC, oral methylprednisolone was the most frequently prescribed SC, followed by dexamethasone and betamethasone injections...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432738/tick-bite-and-lyme-disease-related-emergency-department-encounters-in-new-hampshire-2010-2014
#19
E R Daly, C Fredette, A A Mathewson, K Dufault, D J Swenson, B P Chan
Lyme disease (LD) is a common tick-borne disease in New Hampshire (NH). While LD is a reportable condition and cases are counted for public health surveillance, many more people receive care for tick bites or diagnoses of LD than are reflected in surveillance data. NH's emergency department (ED) data system was queried for tick bite and LD-related encounters. Chief complaint text was queried for words related to LD or tick bites. International Classification of Diseases 9th Revision (ICD-9) codes were queried for the LD diagnosis code (088...
April 22, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432736/severe-primary-autoimmune-thrombocytopenia-itp-in-pregnancy-a-national-cohort-study
#20
A Care, S Pavord, M Knight, Z Alfirevic
OBJECTIVE: To quantify UK incidence of severe ITP in pregnancy, determine current treatment strategies and establish maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality associated with severe ITP in pregnancy. DESIGN: A prospective national cohort study SETTING: United Kingdom POPULATION: Women with severe ITP; defined as platelets <50 x 10(9) /l in pregnancy or antenatal treatment of isolated low platelets. METHODS: Data collected via United Kingdom Obstetric Surveillance System (UKOSS) between 1(st) June 2013-31(st) January 2015 from all UK Consultant led obstetric units...
April 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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