keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Canadian

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103397/the-economic-burden-of-nurse-sensitive-adverse-events-in-22-medical-surgical-units-retrospective-and-matching-analysis
#1
Eric Tchouaket, Carl-Ardy Dubois, Danielle D'Amour
AIMS: To assess the economic burden of nurse-sensitive adverse events (NSAEs) in 22 acute care units in Quebec by estimating excess hospital-related costs and calculating resulting additional hospital days. BACKGROUND: Recent changes in the worldwide economic and financial contexts have made the cost of patient safety a topical issue. Yet our knowledge about the economic burden of safety of nursing care is quite limited in Canada in general and Quebec in particular...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102994/at-a-glance-emergency-department-surveillance-of-thermal-burns-and-scalds-electronic-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-2013
#2
J Crain, S McFaull, D P Rao, M T Do, W Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Although fatality and hospitalization rates for burns in Canada have declined over time, less serious cases still commonly present to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: The Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) is an injury and poisoning surveillance system administered by the Public Health Agency of Canada, operating in emergency departments of 17 hospitals. RESULTS: Overall, cases reported in 2013 were scalds and contact burns from hot objects...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102486/atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumor-in-the-first-year-of-life-the-canadian-atrt-registry-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Mary Fossey, Haocheng Li, Samina Afzal, Anne-Sophie Carret, David D Eisenstat, Adam Fleming, Juliette Hukin, Cynthia Hawkins, Nada Jabado, Donna Johnston, Tania Brown, Valerie Larouche, Katrin Scheinemann, Douglas Strother, Beverly Wilson, Shayna Zelcer, Annie Huang, Eric Bouffet, Lucie Lafay-Cousin
While 2/3 of patients with ATRT are less than 3 years at diagnosis, the literature suggests younger children present with more aggressive disease and poorer outcome. However, little data exist on characteristics and outcome of patients diagnosed with ATRT in the first year of life. In particular, it is unclear whether they access similar treatments as do older children. We compared the cohort of patients ≤12 months from the Canadian ATRT registry to all cases extracted from the literature reported between 1996 and 2014 to describe their clinical and treatment characteristics, and potential prognostic factors...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100145/chronic-health-conditions-among-incoming-canadian-federally-sentenced-women
#4
Amanda M Nolan, Lynn A Stewart
Over a 13-month period, health data on all consecutive incoming Canadian federally sentenced women offenders were collected and analyzed ( N = 280). The most common health conditions cited were back pain, head injury, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and asthma. Rates of chronic health problems were generally similar to those of their male offender counterparts, with the notable exception of HCV, which was higher for women. Aboriginal women offenders had particularly high rates of HCV. The study provides valuable information on the self-reported physical health status of federally sentenced women offenders that can be used as a benchmark to examine health trends over time...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100089/assistive-technology-outcomes-in-post-secondary-students-with-disabilities-the-influence-of-diagnosis-gender-and-class-level
#5
Matt P Malcolm, Marla C Roll
This study investigated how outcomes of assistive technology (AT) services for college students with disabilities are influenced by diagnosis, gender and class-level (e.g., Freshman). Students' pre- and post-intervention ratings of their performance and satisfaction of common academic tasks (using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, COPM) were analyzed, as well as students' responses on a survey about AT service provision, use, and preferences. Data from 455 students revealed "learning disability" to be the most prevalent diagnosis (38%), similar numbers of females and males served, and Freshmen (23...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100088/comparability-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-diet-quality-the-discover-study
#6
Mahshid Dehghan, Yipeng Ge, Wala El Sheikh, Monica Bawor, Sumathy Rangarajan, Brittany Dennis, Judith Vair, Heather Sholer, Nichole Hutchinson, Elizabeth Iordan, Pam Mackie, Zainab Samaan
This study aims to assess comparability of a short food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) used in the Determinants of Suicide: Conventional and Emergent Risk Study (DISCOVER Study) with a validated comprehensive FFQ (CFFQ). A total of 127 individuals completed SFFQ and CFFQ. Healthy eating was measured using Healthy Eating Score (HES). Estimated food intake and healthy eating assessed by SFFQ was compared with the CFFQ. For most food groups and HES, the highest Spearman's rank correlation coefficients between the two FFQs were r > ...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099303/quality-of-life-in-bilateral-vs-unilateral-end-stage-ankle-arthritis-and-outcomes-of-bilateral-vs-unilateral-total-ankle-replacement
#7
Sagar J Desai, Mark Glazebrook, Murray J Penner, Kevin J Wing, Alastair S E Younger, Ellie Pinsker, Timothy R Daniels
BACKGROUND: We performed a retrospective cohort study to compare preoperative health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between patients with bilateral and those with unilateral end-stage ankle arthritis. We also compared midterm outcomes in a subgroup of patients who had undergone staged bilateral total ankle replacement (TAR) with the outcomes in the group treated with unilateral TAR. METHODS: The HRQoL before surgical treatment was compared between 53 patients with bilateral end-stage ankle arthritis identified from the Canadian Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Prospective Ankle Reconstruction Database and 106 patients with unilateral arthritis selected from the same database...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099092/training-and-development-of-canadian-wheelchair-basketball-players
#8
N Dehghansai, S Lemez, N Wattie, J Baker
Considering the growth in research, examining the development of mainstream sport athletes over the past two decades, studies examining development of athletes with disabilities have been surprisingly limited. While similarities in developmental trajectories between the two cohorts may exist regarding factors such as the value of practice, which tend to be universal regardless of context, disability-related issues (e.g. whether the disability was congenital or acquired) may influence the course of development, affecting variables such as starting age, training and developmental milestones...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098917/tanning-equipment-use-2014-canadian-community-health-survey
#9
Sami Q Qutob, Michelle O'Brien, Katya Feder, James McNamee, Mireille Guay, John Than
BACKGROUND: Tanning equipment use is related to the early onset of cancer, with the risk increasing as the duration and repetition of exposure increase. In 2009, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified tanning equipment use as carcinogenic to humans, and according to the World Health Organization, the risk of skin melanoma increases significantly when use begins before age 35. DATA AND METHODS: The rapid response component of the 2014 Canadian Community Health Survey collected data on the use of tanning equipment in the previous 12 months, including reasons for use, frequency/duration of use, precautions taken, and adverse reactions or injuries...
January 18, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098916/depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-canadians-aged-15-to-24
#10
Leanne Findlay
BACKGROUND: Among Canadians aged 15 to 24, the rate of depression is higher than at any other age, and suicide is the second leading cause of death. The current study provides detailed information about depression and suicidal ideation among young Canadians, including their use of mental health support. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH) were used to describe rates and experiences of depression and suicidal ideation among Canadians aged 15 to 24, including psychosocial characteristics of those who had depression or reported suicidal thoughts...
January 18, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097117/cobalt-intoxication-heart-failure-after-revision-total-hip-replacement-for-ceramic-head-fracture-a-case-report
#11
Chul-Ho Kim, Young Hyun Choi, Mi Yeon Jeong, Jae Suk Chang, Pil Whan Yoon
In 1960s, toxic heart failure due to cobalt poisoning was firstly reported from Canadian industrial worker. Following development of bearing materials in hip arthroplasties, using cobalt-chrome alloy in bearing surface, there were rarely reported of systemic affect toxic cobaltism include toxic heart failure due to articulation wear in Western countries. It could be happened more easily by third body wear from ceramic particle especially revision total hip replacement (THR) surgery using cobalt-chrome alloy following ceramic articulation breakage which index surgery performed by ceramic on ceramic bearing...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096974/mortality-hospital-days-and-treatment-costs-of-current-and-reduced-sugar-consumption-in-israel
#12
Gary M Ginsberg
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar causes tooth decay, overweight and obesity related morbidities. This paper in response to the Minister of Health's request, provides estimates of the mortality, morbidity and health care costs attributable to sugar consumption in Israel along with the effects of reducing sugar consumption. METHODS: Gender specific relative risks of many diseases from overweight (25 < =BMI < 30) and obesity (BMI > =30) were applied to the national gender specific prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in order to calculate the population attributable fraction (PAF) from overweight and obesity...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096908/is-there-a-manpower-crisis-looming-for-canadian-urology
#13
J Curtis Nickel, Omar Nazif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096664/predictors-of-outcomes-following-reablement-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#14
Hanne Tuntland, Ingvild Kjeken, Eva Langeland, Bjarte Folkestad, Birgitte Espehaug, Oddvar Førland, Mona Kristin Aaslund
BACKGROUND: Reablement is a rehabilitation intervention for community-dwelling older adults, which has recently been implemented in several countries. Its purpose is to improve functional ability in daily occupations (everyday activities) perceived as important by the older person. Performance and satisfaction with performance in everyday life are the major outcomes of reablement. However, the evidence base concerning which factors predict better outcomes and who receives the greatest benefit in reablement is lacking...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096198/comparison-of-triage-strategies-for-hpv-positive-women-canadian-cervical-cancer-screening-trial-results
#15
Sandra Dakdouk Isidean, Marie-Hélène Mayrand, Agnihotram V Ramanakumar, Isabel Rodrigues, Alex Ferenczy, Sam Ratnam, François Coutlée, Eduardo L Franco
BACKGROUND: High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) testing has become a preferred cervical cancer screening strategy in some countries due to its superior sensitivity over cytology-based methods for identifying cervical intraepithelial neoplasia of grade 2 or worse (CIN2+). Improved sensitivity has been accompanied by reductions in specificity and concerns regarding over-screening and over-treatment of women with transient or non-progressing HR-HPV infections. Triage of HR-HPV+ women to colposcopy is, thus, warranted for appropriate management and treatment...
January 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095950/ct-coronary-angiography-vs-coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-for-the-occupational-assessment-of-military-aircrew
#16
Iain Parsons, Chris Pavitt, Rebecca Chamley, Jo d'Arcy, Ed Nicol
INTRODUCTION: To ensure flight safety military aircrew undergo regular clinical and occupational assessment. Coronary artery calcium scoring (CACS) has been established as an imaging modality to noninvasively assess coronary artery disease (CAD). CT coronary angiography (CTCA) potentially offers a more accurate assessment of CAD, but has not been formally assessed in military aircrew. This retrospective cohort study is designed to compare the theoretical differences in downstream investigations and occupational outcomes in aircrew with suspected CAD comparing CTCA with existing CACS pathways...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095797/cocaine-crack-use-is-not-associated-with-fibrosis-progression-measured-by-ast-to-platelet-ratio-index-in-hiv-hcv-co-infected-patients-a-cohort-study
#17
Valérie Martel-Laferrière, Roy Nitulescu, Joseph Cox, Curtis Cooper, Mark Tyndall, Danielle Rouleau, Sharon Walmsley, Leo Wong, Marina B Klein
BACKGROUND: Cocaine and crack use has been associated with HIV and HCV infections, but its consequences on HCV progression have not been well established. We analyzed the impact of cocaine/crack use on liver fibrosis progression in a cohort of HIV-HCV co-infected patients. METHODS: A Canadian multicenter prospective cohort study followed 1238 HIV-HCV co-infected persons every 6 months between 2003 and 2013. Data were analyzed from 573 patients with positive HCV RNA, not on HCV treatment, without significant liver fibrosis (AST-to-Platelet Ratio Index (APRI) <1...
January 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095572/development-of-a-clinical-pathway-for-atopic-dermatitis-patients-a-case-based-approach
#18
Lyn C Guenther, Anneke Andriessen, Charles W Lynde, John W P Toole, Gary R Sibbald, James N Bergman, Marc Bourcier, Ian D R Landells
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic skin condition, associated with significant patient morbidity. There are a myriad of excellent evidenced based guidelines to guide clinicians by an extensive review of all the available treatments. However, while well written and complete these papers may not always allow easy transition to clinical application. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to develop a practical case-based approach for the treatment and maintenance of AD, enabling translation of guidelines into clinical care...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092966/avian-influenza-prevalence-among-hunter-harvested-birds-in-a-remote-canadian-first-nation-community
#19
Eric N Liberda, Richard Meldrum, Nadia A Charania, Robert Davey, Leonard Js Tsuji
INTRODUCTION: Avian influenza virus (AIV) prevalence has been associated with wild game and other bird species. The contamination of these birds may pose a greater risk to those who regularly hunt and consumed infected species. Due to resident concerns communicated by local Band Council, hunter-harvested birds from a remote First Nation community in subArctic Ontario, Canada were assessed for AIV. Hunters, and especially those who live a subsistence lifestyle, are at higher risk of AIV exposure due to their increased contact with wild birds, which represent an important part of their diet...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092768/mercury-levels-in-herring-gulls-and-fish-42-years-of-spatio-temporal-trends-in-the-great-lakes
#20
E Agnes Blukacz-Richards, Ariola Visha, Matthew L Graham, Daryl L McGoldrick, Shane R de Solla, David J Moore, George B Arhonditsis
Total mercury levels in aquatic birds and fish communities have been monitored across the Canadian Great Lakes by Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) for the past 42 years (1974-2015). These data (22 sites) were used to examine spatio-temporal variability of mercury levels in herring gull (Larus argentatus) eggs, lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush), walleye (Sander vitreus), and rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax). Trends were quantified with dynamic linear models, which provided time-variant rates of change of mercury concentrations...
December 30, 2016: Chemosphere
keyword
keyword
34995
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"