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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914183/interphalangeal-joint-sonography-of-symptomatic-hand-osteoarthritis-clinical-and-functional-correlation
#1
Natalia de Oliva Spolidoro Paschoal, Jamil Natour, Flavia S Machado, Hilda Alcântara Veiga de Oliveira, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado
OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation between inflammatory sonographic findings (grayscale synovial hypertrophy and power Doppler) and clinical and functional assessments in hand osteoarthritis (symptomatic interphalangeal joints) and to correlate the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of these findings. METHODS: A prospective double-blind study of 60 interphalangeal joints was conducted. The joints were assessed 6 times per year by clinician and sonographer observers...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912908/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-substance-abuse-a-gender-paradox
#2
Lil Tonmyr, Margot Shields
We examine associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and substance abuse, the role of mental health indicators as mediators in these associations and whether or not associations differ by gender. Data are from 14,063 respondents aged 18-76 years from the 2004-2005 Canadian Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS). Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine associations between CSA and substance abuse variables, controlling for socio-demographic factors. Odds were adjusted by indicators of mental health to assess if these variables mediated associations between CSA and substance abuse...
November 29, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912869/erratum-to-sickeningly-sweet-does-sugar-cause-chronic-disease-no-canadian-journal-of-diabetes-volume-40-2016-pages-287-295
#3
John L Sievenpiper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912867/pharmacologic-management-of-type-2-diabetes-2016-interim-update
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912866/the-canadian-diabetes-association-honours-the-2016-lifetime-achievement-and-young-scientist-award-winners
#5
Polly VandenBerg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912729/genomic-insights-from-whole-genome-sequencing-of-four-clonal-outbreak-campylobacter-jejuni-assessed-within-the-global-c-jejuni-population
#6
Clifford G Clark, Chrystal Berry, Matthew Walker, Aaron Petkau, Dillon O R Barker, Cai Guan, Aleisha Reimer, Eduardo N Taboada
BACKGROUND: Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is useful for determining clusters of human cases, investigating outbreaks, and defining the population genetics of bacteria. It also provides information about other aspects of bacterial biology, including classical typing results, virulence, and adaptive strategies of the organism. Cell culture invasion and protein expression patterns of four related multilocus sequence type 21 (ST21) C. jejuni isolates from a significant Canadian water-borne outbreak were previously associated with the presence of a CJIE1 prophage...
December 3, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911292/physical-exercise-moderates-the%C3%A2-relationship-of-apolipoprotein-e-apoe-%C3%A2-genotype-and-dementia-risk-a%C3%A2-population-based-study
#7
Barbara Fenesi, Hanna Fang, Ana Kovacevic, Mark Oremus, Parminder Raina, Jennifer J Heisz
Genetics and lifestyle independently determine dementia risk, but the interaction is unclear. We assessed the interactive relationship of apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype and physical exercise on dementia risk over a 5-year period in 1,646 older adults from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging who were dementia-free at baseline. Physical exercise moderated the relationship between genotype and dementia (p < 0.01). Specifically, for APOE ɛ4 non-carriers, the odds of developing dementia were higher in non-exercisers than exercisers (OR = 1...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911003/current-psychotropic-medication-prescribing-patterns-in-late-life-bipolar-disorder
#8
Soham Rej, Nathan Herrmann, Kenneth Shulman, Hadas D Fischer, Kinwah Fung, Andrea Gruneir
OBJECTIVE: Many patients with bipolar disorder are reaching old age, but whether they are receiving evidence-based psychotropic treatment remains unclear. Our objective was to describe current psychotropic prescribing patterns in a large Canadian late-life bipolar sample. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study of 1443 bipolar disorder patients aged ≥ 66, discharged from a psychiatric hospitalization in Ontario, Canada from 1 April 2006 to 31 March 2012...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909808/clinical-validation-of-a-novel-urine-based-metabolomic-test-for-the-detection-of-colonic-polyps-on-chinese-population
#9
Lu Deng, Hong Fang, Victor K Tso, Yuanyuan Sun, Rae R Foshaug, Spencer C Krahn, Fen Zhang, Yujie Yan, Huilin Xu, David Chang, Yong Zhang, Richard N Fedorak
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in China. When detected early, with the removal of adenomatous polyps, precursors of colorectal cancer, it is preventable. The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel urine-based metabolomic diagnostic test for the detection of adenomatous polyps, PolypDx™, that was originally developed and validated using 1000 samples from Canadian Cohort, on Chinese population. METHODS: Prospective urine samples were collected from 1000 participants undergoing colonoscopy examination, from March 2013 to July 2014 at Minhang District, Shanghai Centre for Disease Control and Prevention...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909783/retraction-to-nitrate-use-and-changes-in-bone-mineral-density-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study
#10
S A Jamal, D Goltzman, D A Hanley, A Papaioannou, J C Prior, R G Josse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909633/the-hidden-curriculum-exposing-the-unintended-lessons-of-medical-education
#11
Laura Hopkins, Lana Saciragic, Joanna Kim, Glenn Posner
INTRODUCTION:  The hidden curriculum is a set of ethical, moral, and value-based teachings communicated to doctors-in-training, providing a basis for their future interactions with patients, peers, and colleagues. The aim of our study is to introduce the concept of the hidden curriculum to a cohort of third-year medical students and to subsequently evaluate their understanding. In particular, we sought to measure and benchmark the degree of hidden curriculum recognition within a Canadian medical education context...
October 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909542/which-factors-influence-resident-physicians-to-prescribe-noacs-to-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Zardasht Oqab Md Frcpc, William F McIntyre Md Frcpc, Wilma M Hopman Ma, Adrian Baranchuk Md Facc Frcp
The Canadian Cardiovascular Society and the European Society of Cardiology recommend the use of non-vitamin K antagonists (NOAC) in preference to warfarin for stroke prevention in most patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to identify factors that predict selection of a NOAC by resident physicians when faced with patients with non-valvular AF. A web-based survey was distributed to residents across Canada to learn the attitudes and behaviours regarding stroke, bleeding risk and choices of therapy in different clinical scenarios involving the same patient and one additional co-morbidity...
August 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909380/knowledge-attitudes-and-current-practices-of-canadian-physiotherapists-in-preventing-and-managing-diabetes
#13
Karly Doehring, Scott Durno, Catherine Pakenham, Bashir Versi, Vincent G DePaul
Purpose: To describe the knowledge, attitudes, and current practices of Canadian physiotherapists in preventing and managing diabetes. Methods: Members of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association were recruited by email to participate in a Web-based survey. The survey contained 40 items in four domains: demographics and education, attitudes and beliefs, current practices, and knowledge of diabetes. A descriptive analysis was completed for all the response variables from the survey. Results: A total of 401 physiotherapists from 10 provinces and 2 territories participated...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909379/-it-is-an-eye-opener-that-there-is-a-relationship-between-rehabilitation-and-hiv-perspectives-of-physiotherapists-and-occupational-therapists-in-kenya-and-zambia-on-the-role-of-rehabilitation-with-adults-and-children-living-with-hiv
#14
Stephanie Nixon, Cathy Cameron, Margaret Mweshi, Esther Munalula Nkandu, Carlius Okidi, Stephen Tattle, Tammy Yates
Purpose: To present the perspectives of rehabilitation providers-physiotherapists and occupational therapists-in Kenya and Zambia on the role of rehabilitation in the care of adults and children living with HIV. Methods: This qualitative, interpretivist study was part of a broader project to adapt a Canadian e-module on HIV-related disability for rehabilitation providers in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Focus groups, demographic questionnaires, and knowledge-attitude-belief surveys were conducted with rehabilitation providers in Kenya and Zambia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909378/perspectives-of-canadian-final-year-physiotherapy-students-on-cardiorespiratory-physiotherapy-as-a-career-choice
#15
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira, Tamara Araujo, Julia Marie Romano, Pat G Camp, Mark Hall, Sunita Mathur, Dina Brooks
Purpose: To investigate the opinions of final-year Canadian physiotherapy students of cardiorespiratory physiotherapy (CRP) and the factors influencing their decision about whether to pursue a career in CRP. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was completed by final-year Master of Science of Physical Therapy students from three of the largest English-speaking physiotherapy schools in Canada. Results: A total of 120 students responded to the survey (overall response rate was 44%). Fifteen students (12.5%) responded that they were extremely or quite interested in specializing in CRP...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909377/association-between-body-composition-and-sport-injury-in-canadian-adolescents
#16
Allison M Ezzat, Amy Schneeberg, Mieke Koehoorn, Carolyn A Emery
Purpose: To examine the association between overweight or obesity and sport injury in a population-based sample of Canadian adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were performed using the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), a nationally representative sample (n=12,407) of adolescents aged 12-19 years. Body composition was quantified using BMI, grouping participants into healthy weight, overweight, or obese. The outcome of interest was acute or repetitive strain injury sustained during sport in the previous year...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909363/evidence-of-reliability-validity-and-practicality-for-the-canadian-physiotherapy-assessment-of-clinical-performance
#17
Brenda Mori, Kathleen E Norman, Dina Brooks, Jodi Herold, Dorcas E Beaton
Purpose: To investigate the internal consistency, construct validity, and practicality of the Canadian Physiotherapy Assessment of Clinical Performance (ACP), a descriptive measure used by physiotherapy students and their clinical instructors (CIs) at the mid- and endpoints of an internship to describe the students' behaviours as observed in the clinical education setting relative to what might be expected of an entry-level physiotherapist. Methods: This multi-centre study piloted the ACP in 10 university physiotherapy (PT) programmes...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909362/examining-the-need-for-a-new-instrument-to-evaluate-canadian-physiotherapy-students-during-clinical-education-experiences
#18
Mark Hall, Patricia Manns, Cheryl Poth, Lauren Beaupre
Purpose: To gauge the need for a new assessment instrument for Canadian physiotherapy students on clinical placements. Methods: A national survey was developed and distributed to 18,110 Canadian physiotherapists. Results: A total of 3,148 physiotherapists from diverse practice settings responded to the survey. Of those who indicated that student evaluation was applicable to them (n=2,393), 70% stated that a new instrument was needed; of these, 78% felt that the new instrument should be based on Canadian practice standards and rated with an anchored visual analogue scale, and 73% said they would be comfortable completing the instrument online...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909361/an-exploration-of-canadian-physiotherapists-decisions-about-whether-to-supervise-physiotherapy-students-results-from-a-national-survey
#19
Mark Hall, Cheryl Poth, Patricia Manns, Lauren Beaupre
Purpose: To explore Canadian physiotherapists' perceptions of the factors that influence their decisions whether to supervise students in clinical placements. Methods: Using accepted survey development methodology, a survey was developed and administered to 18,110 physiotherapists to identify which factors contribute to the decision to supervise students. The survey also gave respondents opportunities to provide comments; these were analyzed via directed content analysis, using the factors identified in an exploratory factor analysis as an organizing structure...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909357/perceptions-of-leadership-comparing-canadian-and-irish-physiotherapists-views
#20
Emer McGowan, Gillian Martin, Emma Stokes
Purpose: To contribute to the growing body of research on leadership in physiotherapy by comparing leadership-related perceptions of physiotherapists in Ireland and in Canada. Methods: This article compares the results of a survey of Canadian physiotherapists with those of the same survey administered to Irish physiotherapists. The results of both studies have previously been reported and are used here to allow a cultural comparison of the perceptions of physiotherapists. The present study used two-portion Z-tests to compare the percentage of physiotherapists in Ireland who self-declared as a leader with the percentage of physiotherapists in Canada who did so...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
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