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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922525/describing-the-quality-of-life-of-boys-with-haemophilia-in-china-results-of-a-multicentre-study-using-the-cho-klat
#1
L Tang, W Xu, C G Li, F Hou, X Q Feng, H Wang, X J Li, W L Li, J P Liu, L R Sun, S H Wang, J Jin, Q Fang, K H Luke, M C Poon, V S Blanchette, K Usuba, N L Young, R Wu
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of haemophilia varies across countries and across regions within some countries. Similar variation has been observed in health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). Relatively little is known about the HR-QoL of boys with haemophilia in China. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the HR-QoL of boys with haemophilia in China using the Canadian Haemophilia Outcomes-Kids Life Assessment Tool (CHO-KLAT). METHODS: Boys (4-18 years of age) with haemophilia and their parents were enroled in a cross-sectional study...
September 18, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922268/early-exercise-in-critically-ill-youth-and-children-a-preliminary-evaluation-the-weecycle-pilot-trial
#2
Karen Choong, Saif Awladthani, Adeeb Khawaji, Heather Clark, Asm Borhan, Ji Cheng, Sam Laskey, Charmaine Neu, Aimee Sarti, Lehana Thabane, Brian W Timmons, Katina Zheng, Samah Al-Harbi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of conducting a full trial evaluating the efficacy of early mobilization using in-bed cycling as an adjunct to physiotherapy, on functional outcomes in critically ill children. DESIGN: Single center, pilot, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Twelve-bed tertiary care, medical-surgical PICU at McMaster Children's Hospital, Hamilton, ON, Canada. PATIENTS: Children 3-17 years old who were limited to bed-rest with an expected PICU stay of at least 48 hours...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922266/time-to-asthma-related-readmission-in-children-admitted-to-the-icu-for-asthma
#3
Sze Man Tse, Christian Samson
OBJECTIVES: To compare the time to asthma-related readmissions between children with a previous ICU hospitalization for asthma and those with a non-ICU hospitalization and to explore predictors of time to readmission in children admitted to the ICU. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using a pan-Canadian administrative inpatient database from April 1, 2008, to March 31, 2014. SETTING: All adult and pediatric Canadian hospitals. SUBJECTS: Children 2-17 years old with a hospitalization for asthma...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921833/guideline-of-guidelines-asymptomatic-microscopic-haematuria
#4
REVIEW
Brian J Linder, Edward J Bass, Hugh Mostafid, Stephen A Boorjian
OBJECTIVE: To review major organizational guidelines on the evaluation and management of asymptomatic microscopic haematuria (AMH). METHODS: This is a review of the haematuria guidelines from 1.) American Urological Association (AUA), 2.) consensus statement from the Canadian Urological Association, Canadian Urologic Oncology Group, and Bladder Cancer Canada, 3.) American College of Physicians (ACP), 4.) Joint Consensus Statement of the Renal Association (RA) and British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS), and 5...
September 16, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920724/canadian-military-nurse-deaths-in-the-first-world-war
#5
Dianne Dodd
This paper examines the lives of sixty-one Canadian Nursing Sisters who served during the First World War, and whose deaths were attributed, more or less equally, to three categories: general illness, Spanish Influenza, and killed in action. The response by Canadian Army Medical Corps (CAMC) physicians to the loss of these early female officers who were, in fact, Canada's first female war casualties, suggests a gendered construction of illness at work in the CAMC. While nurses tried to prove themselves good soldiers, military physicians were quick to attribute their illnesses and deaths to horrific war conditions deemed unsuitable for women...
2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920528/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#6
Abhishek Jaywant, Joan Toglia, Faith M Gunning, Michael W O'Dell
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a commonly used screening measure for cognitive impairment; however, the diagnostic accuracy and optimal cutoff points in inpatients with mild stroke severity is unknown. We examined the diagnostic accuracy of the MoCA in an acute inpatient stroke rehabilitation unit (N = 95). The criterion neuropsychological assessment was the 30-minute National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Canadian Stroke Network battery, modified to include the Symbol-Digit Modalities Test and Trail Making Test A & B...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920474/the-state-of-ethnic-dermatology-in-canada
#7
Boluwaji Ogunyemi, Yvette Miller-Monthrope
Approximately 30% of Canadians will be members of a visible minority by 2031. When dermatology became an independent medical discipline in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, most residents of Canada and the United States were of Northern European descent. Morphology and descriptions of dermatoses are based on patients with light skin. Skin of colour dermatology refers to a unique field in dermatology dedicated to the diagnosis and management of disorders that are more prevalent in patients with moderately to richly pigmented skin...
September 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919502/comparison-of-the-memory-foam-pad-versus-the-bean-bag-with-shoulder-braces-in-preventing-patient-displacement-during-gynecologic-laparoscopic-surgery
#8
Sara Farag, Leigh Rosen, Charles Ascher-Walsh
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to compare the amount of patient displacement when a memory foam pad is used versus a bean bag with shoulder braces. The secondary aim was to evaluate for post-operative extremity symptoms including pain, numbness, and weakness. DESIGN: Prospective randomized pilot study. DESIGN: Classification: Canadian Task Force Class I SETTING: Single academic institution PATIENTS: Women ≥ 18 years of age undergoing laparoscopic or robotic gynecologic surgery INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to be positioned on the memory foam pad (Group A) or the bean bag with shoulder braces (Group B) pre-operatively...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918981/potential-impacts-of-shipping-noise-on-marine-mammals-in-the-western-canadian-arctic
#9
William D Halliday, Stephen J Insley, R Casey Hilliard, Tyler de Jong, Matthew K Pine
As the Arctic warms and sea ice decreases, increased shipping will lead to higher ambient noise levels in the Arctic Ocean. Arctic marine mammals are vulnerable to increased noise because they use sound to survive and likely evolved in a relatively quiet soundscape. We model vessel noise propagation in the proposed western Canadian Arctic shipping corridor in order to examine impacts on marine mammals and marine protected areas (MPAs). Our model predicts that loud vessels are audible underwater when >100km away, could affect marine mammal behaviour when within 2km for icebreakers vessels, and as far as 52km for tankers...
September 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918894/effect-of-pneumoperitoneum-and-patient-positioning-on-intracranial-pressures-during-laparoscopy-a-prospective-comparative-study
#10
Nishant Sahay, Shalini Sharma, Umesh K Bhadani, Akhilesh Singh, Chandni Sinha, Anubha Sahay, Alok Ranjan, Mukta Agarwal
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pneumoperitoneum and head position during laparoscopic surgery on intracranial pressures (ICPs) using sonographic measurements of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD). DESIGN: Prospective observational study (Canadian Task Force Classification of Study Design II-1). SETTING: A tertiary level hospital. PATIENTS: Sixty-one female patients ages 15 to 50 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade 1 risk and body mass index ≤ 29 kg/m(2) were admitted to the hospital between November 2015 and October 2016 for elective laparoscopic surgery and included in this study...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918769/emergency-physicians-attitudes-and-perceived-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-take-home-naloxone-programs-in-canadian-emergency-departments
#11
Lauren Lacroix, Lisa Thurgur, Aaron M Orkin, Jeffrey J Perry, Ian G Stiell
OBJECTIVES: Rates of opioid-related deaths have reached the level of national public health crisis in Canada. Community-based opioid overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) programs distribute naloxone to people at risk, and the emergency department (ED) may be an underutilized setting to deliver naloxone to these people. The goal of this study was to identify Canadian emergency physicians' attitudes and perceived barriers to the implementation of take-home naloxone programs...
September 18, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918567/expansion-of-parents-undetermined-experience-in-socioeducational-programs-extending-the-dialogical-self-theory
#12
Dany Boulanger
The Dialogic Self Theory (DST-Hermans et al. Integrative Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 51(4), 1-31, 2017) is extended here in its dynamic aspects through focusing on the notions of indeterminacy, emptiness and movement. Linking with Husserl, I propose moving the dialogical self (DS) from a clear position in the "repertory of the Self" to an undetermined horizon. This makes it possible to introduce "holes" (emptiness) into the schematic representation of the "repertory of the Self". Yet Husserl's concept of horizon seems to focus too much on making the indeterminable determinate...
September 16, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917503/food-reluctance-of-preschool-children-attending-daycare-centers-is-associated-with-a-lower-body-mass-index
#13
Véronique Surette, Stéphanie Ward, Pascale Morin, Hassan Vatanparast, Mathieu Bélanger
BACKGROUND: Food reluctance can present as fussiness, picky eating, slowness in eating, and high satiety responsiveness. It can be associated with inadequate weight gain during early childhood. Although a majority of preschoolers attend daycare centers, associations between their eating behaviors at daycare and their body composition have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop an estimate of food reluctance and to assess the relationship between food reluctance at daycare and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference of preschoolers...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917207/exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-the-incidence-of-dementia-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Hong Chen, Jeffrey C Kwong, Ray Copes, Perry Hystad, Aaron van Donkelaar, Karen Tu, Jeffrey R Brook, Mark S Goldberg, Randall V Martin, Brian J Murray, Andrew S Wilton, Alexander Kopp, Richard T Burnett
INTRODUCTION: Emerging studies have implicated air pollution in the neurodegenerative processes. Less is known about the influence of air pollution, especially at the relatively low levels, on developing dementia. We conducted a population-based cohort study in Ontario, Canada, where the concentrations of pollutants are among the lowest in the world, to assess whether air pollution exposure is associated with incident dementia. METHODS: The study population comprised all Ontario residents who, on 1 April 2001, were 55-85years old, Canadian-born, and free of physician-diagnosed dementia (~2...
September 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917146/construct-validity-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-gymnastic-functional-measurement-tool-in-the-classification-of-female-competitive-gymnasts-in-canada
#15
Joseph Kaldas, Céline Bisson, Annie-Claude Hogue, Catherine Apinis, Djamal Berbiche, Nathaly Gaudreault
OBJECTIVES: To determine the construct validity and the inter-rater reliability of the Gymnastic Functional Measurement Tool (GFMT) within the parameters of the Canadian classification of female competitive gymnasts. DESIGN: Validity and Reliability study. SETTING: The GFMT was administered by evaluators who had no previous knowledge of the competing level of the gymnasts. To determine the construct validity, a multiple linear regression analysis was carried out between the GFMT scores and the gymnasts' competition level to obtain the coefficient of determination...
August 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916918/mixed-blessings-religion-spirituality-predicts-better-and-worse-screening-behaviours
#16
David Speed
Some health research suggests that religious and spiritual variables positively predict health-screening behaviours. However, much of the literature on this topic has utilized exclusively religious samples, or has sampled from populations without uniform access to health care. Either of these issues may have artificially inflated the relationship between religion/spirituality and health-screening behaviours. The current study used data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey to examine a general sample of women from New Brunswick and Manitoba (N > 1200)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916548/do-comorbidities-play-a-role-in-hand-osteoarthritis-disease-burden-data-from-the-hand-osteoarthritis-in-secondary-care-cohort
#17
Wendy Damman, Rani Liu, Féline P B Kroon, Monique Reijnierse, Tom W J Huizinga, Frits R Rosendaal, Margreet Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: Because the association and its clinical relevance between comorbidities and primary hand osteoarthritis (OA) disease burden is unclear, we studied this in patients with hand OA from our Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care (HOSTAS) cohort. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HOSTAS study were used, including consecutive patients with primary hand OA. Nineteen comorbidities were assessed: 18 self-reported (modified Charlson index and osteoporosis) and obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2))...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916439/on-the-path-to-evidence-based-reporting-of-serum-protein-electrophoresis-patterns-in-the-absence-of-a-discernible-monoclonal-protein-a-critical-review-of-literature-and-practice-suggestions
#18
Pak Cheung Chan, Yu Chen, Edward W Randell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916284/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-versus-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-localised-prostate-cancer-a-cost-utility-analysis
#19
J Helou, S Torres, H B Musunuru, J Raphael, P Cheung, D Vesprini, H T Chung, L D'Alimonte, M Krahn, G Morton, A Loblaw
AIMS: To conduct a cost-utility analysis comparing stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with low dose rate brachytherapy (LDR-BT) for localised prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A decision-analytic Markov model was developed from the healthcare payer perspective to simulate the history of a 66-year-old man with low-risk PCa. The model followed patients yearly over their remaining lifetimes. Health states included 'recurrence-free', 'biochemical recurrence' (BR), 'metastatic' and 'death'...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916221/reduced-risk-of-peanut-sensitization-following-exposure-through-breast-feeding-and-early-peanut-introduction
#20
Tracy J Pitt, Allan B Becker, Moira Chan-Yeung, Edmond S Chan, Wade T A Watson, Rishma Chooniedass, Meghan B Azad
BACKGROUND: Recent trials have shown that avoiding peanuts during infancy increases the risk of peanut allergy; however, these studies did not address maternal peanut consumption. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the relationship between maternal peanut consumption while breast-feeding, timing of direct peanut introduction, and peanut sensitization at age 7 years. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a nested cohort within the 1995 Canadian Asthma Primary Prevention Study intervention study was performed...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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