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Cochrane anaesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625437/inhalation-versus-intravenous-anaesthesia-for-adults-undergoing-on-pump-or-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Regina El Dib, José E Guimarães Pereira, Arnav Agarwal, Huda Gomaa, Ana Patricia Ayala, Andresa Graciutti Botan, Leandro Gobbo Braz, Luciane Dias de Oliveira, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Preethy J Mathew
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of inhalation versus intravenous anaesthesia for adults undergoing on-pump or off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. DESIGN: A systematic review. SETTING: A hospital-affiliated university. MEASUREMENTS: The following databases were searched: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2016, Issue 10), MEDLINE, EMBASE, and LILACS (from inception to October 2016). We used the GRADE approach to rate overall certainty of the evidence...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623570/enhanced-recovery-protocols-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-review-of-the-literature-and-their-implementation
#2
REVIEW
A S Galbraith, E McGloughlin, J Cashman
BACKGROUND: During recent years, there has been an exponential demand for joint arthroplasty, which has coincided with the global economic recession. In response, the management of patients following arthroplasty is continuously evolving, with the average inpatient length of stay decreasing from weeks to days, and more recently, we have witnessed the development of "outpatient arthroplasty" as a novel concept which aims to address the high volume of patients. The reduction in length of stay has been made possible via implementation of "enhanced recovery programmes" encompassing each stage of the patient journey...
June 16, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553766/intravenous-dexmedetomidine-during-spinal-anaesthesia-for-caesarean-section-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#3
Zeqing Bao, Chengmao Zhou, Xianxue Wang, Yu Zhu
Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of spinal anaesthesia using dexmedetomidine for caesarean section. Methods PubMed, The Cochrane Library, and CNKI were searched for relevant literature. Results The incidence of nausea and vomiting in the dexmedetomidine group was significantly lower than that in the control group (OR = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.12-0.35, P < 0.00001). No difference was found in the incidence of pruritus between the two groups (OR = 1.21, 95% CI: 0.36-4.09, P = 0.76).The dexmedetomidine group had a higher incidence of bradycardia than did the control group (OR = 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539008/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-without-epidural-anaesthesia
#4
REVIEW
Janesh K Gupta, Akanksha Sood, G Justus Hofmeyr, Joshua P Vogel
BACKGROUND: For centuries, there has been controversy around whether being upright (sitting, birthing stools, chairs, squatting, kneeling) or lying down (lateral (Sim's) position, semi-recumbent, lithotomy position, Trendelenburg's position) have advantages for women giving birth to their babies. This is an update of a review previously published in 2012, 2004 and 1999. OBJECTIVES: To determine the possible benefits and risks of the use of different birth positions during the second stage of labour without epidural anaesthesia, on maternal, fetal, neonatal and caregiver outcomes...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521658/foetal-responses-to-dexmedetomidine-in-parturients-undergoing-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Jian Zhang, Haibin Zhou, Kaihua Sheng, Tian Tian, Anshi Wu
Objective This current meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate effects of dexmedetomidine on neonatal maternal factors. Methods The electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched. The primary outcomes were neonatal parameters, including umbilical blood gases and Apgar scores. The secondary outcomes were maternal parameters. Results We identified six randomized controlled trials (RCTs). No differences in neonatal umbilical blood gases, and Apgar scores at 1 min (WMD: -0...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498903/efficacy-and-safety-of-inhaled-anaesthetic-for-postoperative-sedation-during-mechanical-ventilation-in-adult-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
J Spence, E Belley-Côté, H K Ma, S Donald, J Centofanti, S Hussain, S Gupta, P J Devereaux, R Whitlock
The aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of volatile anaesthetic for postoperative sedation in adult cardiac surgery patients through a systematic review and meta-analysis. We retrieved randomized controlled trials from MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Web of Science, clinical trials registries, conference proceedings, and reference lists of included articles. Independent reviewers extracted data, including patient characteristics, type of intraoperative anaesthesia, inhaled anaesthetic used, comparator sedation, and outcomes of interest, using pre-piloted forms...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494088/peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-hip-fractures
#7
REVIEW
Joanne Guay, Martyn J Parker, Richard Griffiths, Sandra Kopp
BACKGROUND: Various nerve blocks with local anaesthetic agents have been used to reduce pain after hip fracture and subsequent surgery. This review was published originally in 1999 and was updated in 2001, 2002, 2009 and 2017. OBJECTIVES: This review focuses on the use of peripheral nerves blocks as preoperative analgesia, as postoperative analgesia or as a supplement to general anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery. We undertook the update to look for new studies and to update the methods to reflect Cochrane standards...
May 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492296/italian-consensus-in-neuroradiological-anaesthesia-icona-managing-anaesthesia-during-endovascular-procedures
#8
Carlo A Castioni, Andrea Amadori, Federico Bilotta, Moreno Bolzon, Edoardo Barboni, Anselmo Caricato, Guido Dall'acqua, Francesco DI Paola, Andrea Forastieri Molinari, Paolo Gritti, Italia LA Rosa, Marcello Longo, Carla Maglione, Pietro Martorano, Marina Munari, Valerio Perotti, Frank Rasulo, Maria Ruggiero, Antonio Santoro, Luigia Scudeller, Miriam Tumolo, Anna T Mazzeo
Anaesthetic management of patients undergoing endovascular procedures for treating intracranial aneurysms or cerebrovascular malformations must consider a number of specific challenges, in addition to those associated with anaesthesia for other specialties. In addition to maintenance of physiological stability, manipulation of systemic and cerebral haemodynamic parameters may be required to treat any sudden unexpected catastrophic neurological events. A multidisciplinary group including neuro- and pediatric anaesthesiologists, interventional neuroradiologists, neurosurgeons, and a clinical methodologist contributed to this document...
May 11, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426160/assessment-and-support-during-early-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Shinobu Kobayashi, Nobutsugu Hanada, Masayo Matsuzaki, Kenji Takehara, Erika Ota, Hatoko Sasaki, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: The progress of labour in the early or latent phase is usually slow and may include painful uterine contractions. Women may feel distressed and lose their confidence during this phase. Support and assessment interventions have been assessed in two previous Cochrane Reviews. This review updates and replaces these two reviews, which have become out of date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of assessment and support interventions for women during early labour...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415947/effect-of-pretreatment-with-midazolam-on-etomidate-induced-myoclonus-a-meta-analysis
#10
Chengmao Zhou, Yu Zhu, Zhen Liu, Lin Ruan
Objective To investigate the effect of pretreatment with midazolam on myoclonus induced by etomidate injection. Methods A meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager software, version 5.2. Two researchers independently searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase® databases for randomized controlled trials involving patients who underwent etomidate induced general anaesthesia with or without midazolam pretreatment, published between 1990 and 2016. Outcome measures comprised overall myoclonus incidence rate and incidence rate classified by degree of myoclonus following etomidate injection...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390181/perceptions-and-opinions-of-canadian-pet-owners-about-anaesthesia-pain-and-surgery-in-small-animals
#11
P V Steagall, B P Monteiro, H L M Ruel, G Beauchamp, G Luca, J Berry, S Little, E Stiles, S Hamilton, D Pang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions and opinions of Canadian pet owners about anaesthesia, pain and surgery in dogs and cats. METHODS: Six Canadian veterinary hospitals participated. Each practice received 200 copies of a questionnaire that were distributed to pet owners. Questions regarding the use of analgesics, anaesthesia, surgery and onychectomy (cats) were included. Responses were transformed into ordinal scores and analysed with a Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388808/needle-gauge-and-tip-designs-for-preventing-post-dural-puncture-headache-pdph
#12
REVIEW
Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez, Luis Muñoz, Natalia Godoy-Casasbuenas, Agustín Ciapponi, Jimmy J Arevalo, Sabine Boogaard, Marta Roqué I Figuls
BACKGROUND: Post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) is one of the most common complications of diagnostic and therapeutic lumbar punctures. PDPH is defined as any headache occurring after a lumbar puncture that worsens within 15 minutes of sitting or standing and is relieved within 15 minutes of the patient lying down. Researchers have suggested many types of interventions to help prevent PDPH. It has been suggested that aspects such as needle tip and gauge can be modified to decrease the incidence of PDPH...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374886/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-versus-inhalational-anaesthesia-for-adults-undergoing-transabdominal-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Suzanne Forsyth Herling, Bjørn Dreijer, Gitte Wrist Lam, Thordis Thomsen, Ann Merete Møller
BACKGROUND: Rapid implementation of robotic transabdominal surgery has resulted in the need for re-evaluation of the most suitable form of anaesthesia. The overall objective of anaesthesia is to minimize perioperative risk and discomfort for patients both during and after surgery. Anaesthesia for patients undergoing robotic assisted surgery is different from anaesthesia for patients undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery; new anaesthetic concerns accompany robotic assisted surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes related to the choice of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) or inhalational anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic gynaecological, urological or gastroenterological surgery...
April 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364321/satisfactory-outcomes-following-combined-unicompartmental-knee-replacement-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#14
REVIEW
Andrea Volpin, S G Kini, D E Meuffels
PURPOSE: There exist limited options for treatment of patients with combined medial compartment arthritis and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency. Ideal treatment is one that offers lasting relief of symptoms not compromising any future surgery. Unicompartmental knee replacement has shown consistently good results in the relatively young and active population, but there is a high reported incidence of failure up to 20%, if performed in ACL-deficient knees. One of the recognized treatment modality is combined ACL reconstruction and unicompartmental arthroplasty...
March 31, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338031/preoperative-analgesia-for-children-and-adolescents-to-reduce-pain-associated-with-dental-treatment
#15
Catherine McCann
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, LILACS, ISI Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.Study selectionRandomised controlled clinical trials of analgesics given before dental treatment versus placebo or no analgesics in children and adolescents up to 17 years of age. Children and adolescents having dental treatment under sedation (including nitrous oxide/oxygen) or general anaesthesia were excluded...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330573/implication-of-general-anaesthetic-and-sedation-techniques-in-temporomandibular-joint-disorders%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-systematic-review
#16
J Talaván-Serna, J M Montiel-Company, C Bellot-Arcís, J M Almerich-Silla
The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on temporomandibular joint damage directly related to general anaesthesia and sedation. We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS and the COCHRANE Library for titles and abstracts containing terms related to the subject. The search delimiters were analytical and descriptive studies with abstracts in Spanish, German, English or French, with no time limit. The search was updated in January 2015. Of the 398 articles found, 89 were duplicates and only 28 were of interest...
February 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285956/regional-versus-local-anaesthesia-for-haemodialysis-arteriovenous-fistula-formation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
R Cerneviciute, S M Sahebally, K Ahmed, M Murphy, W Mahmood, S R Walsh
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) formation is the most common vascular access procedure for patients requiring haemodialysis. However, it is associated with high failure rates, influenced by vessel diameter and arterial inflow. Mode of anaesthesia may affect these factors, and subsequently AVF maturation rates. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effect of anaesthesia type for autologous primary radiocephalic or brachiocephalic AVF creation on subsequent fistula failure rates...
March 10, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258686/ischaemic-preconditioning-for-the-reduction-of-renal-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury
#18
REVIEW
Theo P Menting, Kimberley E Wever, Denise Md Ozdemir-van Brunschot, Daan Ja Van der Vliet, Maroeska M Rovers, Michiel C Warle
BACKGROUND: Ischaemia reperfusion injury can lead to kidney dysfunction or failure. Ischaemic preconditioning is a short period of deprivation of blood supply to particular organs or tissue, followed by a period of reperfusion. It has the potential to protect kidneys from ischaemia reperfusion injury. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to look at the benefits and harms of local and remote ischaemic preconditioning to reduce ischaemia and reperfusion injury among people with renal ischaemia reperfusion injury...
March 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231607/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-with-epidural-anaesthesia
#19
REVIEW
Marion Kibuka, Jim G Thornton
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia for pain relief in labour prolongs the second stage of labour and results in more instrumental deliveries. It has been suggested that a more upright position of the mother during all or part of the second stage may counteract these adverse effects. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different birthing positions (upright and recumbent) during the second stage of labour, on important maternal and fetal outcomes for women with epidural analgesia...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177530/intrauterine-contraception-insertion-pain-nursing-interventions-to-improve-patient-experience
#20
REVIEW
Carmel McCarthy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine factors which contribute to the individual's experience of pain in relation to intrauterine contraception insertion and determine evidence based nursing strategies to best assess and manage this pain. BACKGROUND: Nurses are increasingly involved in consultations regarding intrauterine contraception. However, concerns regarding painful or difficult insertion may inhibit uptake and discourage nurses from promoting or inserting intrauterine contraception...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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