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Renal failure after angiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118770/contrast-induced-nephropathy-is-less-common-in-patients-with-good-coronary-collateral-circulation
#1
Eyup Avci, Tarik Yildirim, Hasan Kadi
Background/Aims: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a typically reversible type of acute renal failure that develops after exposure to contrast agents; underlying endothelial dysfunction is thought to be an important risk factor for CIN. Although the mechanism of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) is not fully understood, a pivotal role of the endothelium has been reported in many studies. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between CCC and CIN...
October 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064276/predictors-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-admitted-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-results-from-the-bremen-stemi-registry
#2
Johannes Schmucker, Andreas Fach, Matthias Becker, Susanne Seide, Stefanie Bünger, Robert Zabrocki, Eduard Fiehn, Bettina Würmann-Busch, Hermann Pohlabeln, Kathrin Günther, Wolfgang Ahrens, Rainer Hambrecht, Harm Wienbergen
BACKGROUND: Deterioration of renal function after exposition to contrast media is a common problem in patients with myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. The aim of the present study was to assess the incidence of acute kidney injury in patients admitted with ST-elevation-myocardial infarction (STEMI) and its association with infarction severity, comorbidities and treatment modalities, including amount of contrast media applied. METHODS: All patients with STEMI from the metropolitan area of Bremen, Germany are treated at the Bremen Heart Centre and since 2006 documented in the Bremen STEMI-Registry...
June 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050847/anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-presenting-in-adulthood-a-french-nationwide-retrospective-study
#3
Laura Le Berre, Alban-Elouen Baruteau, Alain Fraisse, Dominique Boulmier, Maria Jimenez, Bruno Gallet, Karine Warin Fresse, Jacques Mansourati, Patrice Guerin
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital heart disease usually diagnosed during the first months of life. Without surgical treatment, ALCAPA carries a high mortality risk, and disease presentation in adulthood is rare. We describe the diagnosis and management of patients presenting with ALCAPA in adulthood. This multicenter French nationwide retrospective study included adult patients diagnosed from 1980 to 2014. Eleven adult patients (mean age: 38 ± 17 years) were analyzed...
August 25, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941604/current-risk-of-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-after-coronary-angiography-and-intervention-a-reappraisal-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Lorenzo Azzalini, Luciano Candilio, Peter A McCullough, Antonio Colombo
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is the acute impairment of renal function further to the intravascular administration of iodinated contrast media, and occurs most frequently after coronary angiography, percutaneous coronary intervention, and contrast-enhanced computed tomography. CI-AKI has been associated with the development of acute renal failure, worsening of chronic kidney disease, requirement for dialysis, prolonged hospital stay, and higher mortality rates and health care costs. Recently, a number of studies suggested that contrast media exposure might not be the causative agent in the occurrence of acute kidney injury, particularly in stable patients who receive small to moderate amounts of contrast media...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893706/hypertension-acute-stent-thrombosis-and-paraplegia-6%C3%A2-months-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-blunt-thoracic-aortic-injury-in-a-22-year-old-patient
#5
Ombretta Martinelli, Federico Faccenna, Alban Malaj, Jihad Jabbour, Salvatore Venosi, Roberto Gattuso, Bruno Gossetti, Luigi Irace
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is a less invasive option for managing traumatic injuries of the descending aorta in polytraumatized patients. Concerns arise when treating young patients with TEVAR. A 22-year-old male was admitted to the emergency department following a high-impact road traffic collision. Whole-body computed tomography (CT) scan documented multiple injuries, including rupture of descending thoracic aorta just below the isthmus. There was no evidence of paraplegia or stroke. We decided to treat him in an endovascular fashion with a Zenith Cook (Cook Incorporated, Bloomington, IN) endograft...
September 9, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864323/contemporary-determinants-of-delayed-benchmark-timelines-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-men-and-women
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Hilmi Alnsasra, Doron Zahger, Diklah Geva, Shlomi Matetzky, Roy Beigel, Zaza Iakobishvili, Ronny Alcalai, Shaul Atar, Avi Shimony
Treatment delays in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are related to increased morbidity and mortality. Hence, identifying determinants of delay may help reduce time to treatment. Importantly, limited data suggest that there may be sex-related disparities in benchmark timelines. Although guidelines advocate the use of the first medical contact (FMC) rather than hospital admission as the moment from which delays to treatment should be monitored, the latter is still often used for quality purposes...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798192/coronary-angiography-in-worsening-heart-failure-determinants-findings-and-prognostic-implications
#7
João Pedro Ferreira, Patrick Rossignol, Biniyam Demissei, Abhinav Sharma, Nicolas Girerd, Stefan D Anker, John G Cleland, Kenneth Dickstein, Gerasimos Filippatos, Hans L Hillege, Chim C Lang, Marco Metra, Leong L Ng, Piotr Ponikowski, Nilesh J Samani, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Adriaan Voors, Faiez Zannad
OBJECTIVES: Coronary angiography is regularly performed in patients with worsening signs and/or symptoms of heart failure (HF). However, little is known on the determinants, findings and associated clinical outcomes of coronary angiography performed in patients with worsening HF. METHODS: The BIOSTAT-CHF (a systems BIOlogy Study to TAilored Treatment in Chronic Heart Failure) programme enrolled 2516 patients with worsening symptoms and/or signs of HF, either hospitalised or in the outpatient setting...
August 10, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792535/occurrence-and-severity-of-non-occlusive-mesenteric-ischemia-nomi-after-cardiovascular-surgery-correlate-with-preoperatively-assessed-fgf-23-levels
#8
Jonas Stroeder, Matthias Klingele, Hagen Bomberg, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Arno Buecker, Hans-Joachim Schaefers, Marcus Katoh, Peter Minko
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of preoperatively assessed fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) levels and to correlate FGF-23 with angiographic findings in non-occlusive mesenteric (NOMI) ischemia using a standardized scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2/2011 and 3/2012 a total of 865 patients (median age: 67 years) underwent cardiovascular surgery during this ethics committee approved, prospective study. 65 of these patients had clinical suspicion of NOMI and consequently underwent catheter angiography of the superior mesenteric artery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782466/current-status-of-renal-artery-angioplasty-and-stenting-for-resistant-hypertension-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Antonis S Manolis, Antonis A Manolis, Helen Melita
BACKGROUND: Renal artery stenosis (RAS) has a high prevalence in older patients, especially in the context of general atherosclerosis. It is frequently associated with resistant hypertension and impaired renal function and their attendant consequences. The issue whether revascularization via percutaneous renal angioplasty and stenting (PRA/S) can benefit these patients remains unsettled. OBJECTIVE: To present a case series of patients with refractory hypertension and RAS undergoing PRA/S and also to provide an extensive review of the literature on the current status of PRA/S for resistant hypertension...
August 4, 2017: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743786/outcomes-of-patients-presenting-with-clinical-indices-of-spontaneous-reperfusion-in-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-undergoing-deferred-angiography
#10
Paul Fefer, Roy Beigel, Shaul Atar, Doron Aronson, Arthur Pollak, Doron Zahger, Elad Asher, Zaza Iakobishvili, Nir Shlomo, Ronny Alcalai, Michal Einhorn-Cohen, Amit Segev, Ilan Goldenberg, Shlomi Matetzky
BACKGROUND: Few data are available regarding the optimal management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients with clinically defined spontaneous reperfusion (SR). We report on the characteristics and outcomes of patients with SR in the primary percutaneous coronary intervention era, and assess whether immediate reperfusion can be deferred. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were drawn from a prospective nationwide survey, ACSIS (Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Survey)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707773/sudden-onset-of-pheochromocytoma-multisystem-crisis-at-38%C3%A2-weeks-of-gestation-resulted-in-intrauterine-fetal-death-a-case-report
#11
Jun Iwase, Michiko Yamanaka
A 24-year-old woman at 38 weeks of gestation with no past medical history was transferred to our hospital because of acute onset of severe dyspnea. Her conscious level was E4V2M5 on the Glasgow Coma Scale and she displayed stress cardiomyopathy (Takotsubo cardiomyopathy) with multiple organ failure. Intrauterine fetal death was confirmed. After immediate application of intubated ventilation, percutaneous cardiopulmonary support and hemodialysis, she was diagnosed with pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis. After multidisciplinary team discussion, surgical resection of the left pheochromocytoma was performed on the same day...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679995/thrombotic-microangiopathy-due-to-malignant-hypertension-complicated-with-late-onset-bleeding-after-renal-biopsy
#12
Saki Ameda, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Michiko Yamada, Ken Sato, Shogo Miura, Hiroya Sakano, Takanori Shibata, Naoki Uemura, Tomoyuki Abe, Shigeyuki Fujii, Masahiro Maeda, Miri Fujita, Masayoshi Kobune, Junji Kato
A 47-year-old man presented at a local ophthalmological hospital with blurred vision. He had been diagnosed with hypertensive retinopathy and renal failure and was referred to our hospital for treatment. A renal biopsy was done to evaluate pathology of high proteinuria, hematuria, and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Blood pressure remained high despite antihypertensive therapy; anemia and thrombocytopenia gradually progressed. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) was suspected based on red blood cell fragmentation due to hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal failure...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603826/differences-between-idiopathic-and-ischemic-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#13
Sana Fennira, Ihsen Zairi, Zouhaier Jnifene, Mariem Lakhal, Sofiene Kammoun, Sondos Kraiem
BACKGROUND: Ischemic cardiomyopathy can be reversible after revascularization hence the interest of making systematic coronary angiography that remain an invasive procedure. AIM: To detect epidemiological, clinical and paraclinical differences between idiopathic and ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy to identify predictors of coronary artery disease and to evaluate the interest of making systematic coronary angiography within the etiological check-up of dilated cardiomyopathy...
August 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593492/classical-determinants-of-coronary-artery-disease-as-predictors-of-complexity-of-coronary-lesions-assessed-with-the-syntax-score
#14
J M Montero-Cabezas, I Karalis, R Wolterbeek, A O Kraaijeveld, I E Hoefer, G Pasterkamp, N H Pijls, P A Doevendans, J Walterberger, J Kuiper, A J van Zonneveld, J W Jukema
BACKGROUND: We need new biomarkers that can predict cardiovascular disease to improve both diagnosis and therapeutic strategies. The CIRCULATING CELLS study was designed to study the role of several cellular mediators of atherosclerosis as biomarkers of coronary artery disease (CAD). An objective and reproducible method for the quantification of CAD extension is required to establish relationships with these potential biomarkers. We sought to analyse the correlation of the SYNTAX score with known CAD risk factors to test it as a valid marker of CAD extension...
June 7, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401790/comparison-of-iodixanol-and-iopromide-in-patients-with-renal-insufficiency-and-congestive-heart-failure-undergoing-coronary-angiography-by-hemodynamic-monitoring
#15
Geng Qian, Yong-Qiang Yang, Wei Dong, Feng Cao, Yun-Dai Chen
We investigated the impact of contrast media (CM) with different osmolality on cardiac preload in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and congestive heart failure (CHF). Patients with CKD and CHF were equally randomized to receive either iso-osmolar contrast media (IOCM) iodixanol or low-osmolar contrast media iopromide. We measured cardiac preload indexes by invasive hemodynamic monitoring before and after CM injection. Major adverse cardiac events postprocedures were recorded. Increase in extravascular lung water index was only seen in the iopromide group ( P < ...
November 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388751/-unclear-abdominal-pain-not-always-a-gastroenterological-emergency
#16
Anna Teresa Aschoff, Maciej Pech, Frank Fischbach, Jens Ricke, Blerim Luani, Rüdiger Christian Braun-Dullaeus, Jörg Herold
History and admission findings An 84-year old patient with persistent atrial fibrillation and chronic renal failure received a subcutaneous injection with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) during a hospital stay. Over the course of her hospitalization, the patient developed abdominal pain. There was a marked hematoma at the injection site. A large tumor was palpable in the right abdominal quadrant. Examinations Due to the significant reduction in hemoglobin, we performed a CT-angiogram of the abdomen...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291303/thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-traumatic-type-b-aortic-dissection-a-five-year-experience-from-a-single-center
#17
Shuang Li, Wenwu Cai, Xin Li, Jian Qiu, Quanming Li, Chang Shu
BACKGROUND: to share our experience and demonstrate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for traumatic Type B Aortic Dissection (TTBAD). METHODS: Between October 2010 and October 2015, 36 patients, who have been diagnosed as TTBAD, were included. A computed tomography angiography (CTA) scan was performed to confirm the diagnosis and to localize the aortic entry. The clinical data and outcomes of these patients were retrospectively reviewed and collected for further analysis...
March 14, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290908/-coronary-angioplasty-and-stenting-in-patients-older-than-80-years-immediate-and-long-term-results
#18
A M Babunashvili, D P Dundua, D S Kartashov, A A Bazarnova, A Yu Korenevich, M E Vetluzhskikh
AIM: to assess immediate and long-term results of coronary angioplasty and stenting in patients older than 80 years - a high risk group in view of the severity of concomitant pathology and extent of coronary atherosclerosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted retrospective analysis of data from 167 patients older than 80 years (mean age 81.43+/-2.14 years) subjected to percutaneous coronary intervention from 2006 to 2013 (3.2% from total number of patients). Multivessel involvement was present in 128 patients (76...
July 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242751/serum-uromodulin-and-mortality-risk-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-angiography
#19
Graciela E Delgado, Marcus E Kleber, Hubert Scharnagl, Bernhard K Krämer, Winfried März, Jürgen E Scherberich
The mucoprotein uromodulin is the most abundant protein in mammalian urine and has important roles in ion transport, maintenance of water and electrolyte balance, and clearance of bacteria from the urinary tract. Low urinary uromodulin concentrations have been associated with increased mortality risk. However, measuring uromodulin in urine has several preanalytic drawbacks, and sensitive assays for the detection of uromodulin in blood have become available. In this study, we investigated the association of serum uromodulin concentration with cardiovascular biomarkers and mortality risk in a large cohort of patients referred for coronary angiography...
July 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178159/adma-predicts-major-adverse-renal-events-in-patients-with-mild-renal-impairment-and-or-diabetes-mellitus-undergoing-coronary-angiography
#20
Fabian Heunisch, Lyubov Chaykovska, Gina von Einem, Markus Alter, Thomas Dschietzig, Axel Kretschmer, Karl-Heinz Kellner, Berthold Hocher
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is a competitive inhibitor of the nitric oxide (NO)-synthase and a biomarker of endothelial dysfunction (ED). ED plays an important role in the pathogenesis of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). The aim of our study was to evaluate serum ADMA concentration as a biomarker of an acute renal damage during the follow-up of 90 days after contrast medium (CM) application.Blood samples were obtained from 330 consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus or mild renal impairment immediately before, 24 and 48 hours after the CM application for coronary angiography...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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