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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233806/mobile-health-technology-mdiab-for-the-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Shruti Muralidharan, Viswanathan Mohan, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Sidhant Jena, Nikhil Tandon, Steven Allender, Harish Ranjani
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing in epidemic proportions in low- and middle-income countries. There is an urgent need for novel methods to tackle the increasing incidence of diabetes. The ubiquity of mobile phone use and access to Internet makes mobile health (mHealth) technology a viable tool to prevent and manage diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial is to implement and evaluate the feasibility, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of a reality television-based lifestyle intervention program...
December 12, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#2
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178934/effectiveness-of-case-management-in-the-prevention-of-copd-re-admissions-a-pilot-study
#3
Annelies E van Eeden, Ingrid van de Poll, Gertrud van Vulpen, Tim Roldaan, Wies Wagenaar, Melinde R S Boland, Ron Wolterbeek, Niels H Chavannes
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations are associated with high disease burden and costs, especially in the case of hospitalizations. The overall number of hospital admissions due to exacerbations of COPD has increased. It is remarkable that re-admissions account for a substantial part of these hospitalizations. This pilot study investigates the use of case management to reduce re-admissions due to COPD. METHODS: COPD patients with more than one hospitalization per year due to an exacerbation were included...
November 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175430/medical-students-acquisition-of-adolescent-interview-skills-after-coached-role-play
#4
Paritosh Kaul, Jennifer Fisher, Janice L Hanson
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate an educational activity designed to teach the adolescent HEADS examination METHODS: Participants were third-year medical students in their pediatric clerkships. Students received an article on the HEADS interview and attended an adolescent medicine educational session. The session included individualized goal setting and coached role play. Students' skills in doing a HEADS interview were evaluated through a standardized patient encounter (SPE) with a checklist and a retrospective pre- and post-test survey...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170758/design-and-rationale-for-a-technology-based-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-in-older-adults-grieving-the-loss-of-a-spouse
#5
Sarah T Stahl, James Emanuel, Steven M Albert, Mary Amanda Dew, Richard Schulz, Gregg Robbins-Welty, Charles F Reynolds
Introduction: Experiencing the death of a spouse during late life is associated with an increased risk of developing debilitating mental health problems. Healthy lifestyle practices, such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and good sleep hygiene are promising strategies to influence the mental health and associated physical symptoms of late-life spousal bereavement. Objective: This paper describes the design and rationale of an intervention development study addressing selective and indicated prevention of depression, anxiety, and/or complicated grief disorder(s) among adults 60 years and older who are grieving the recent loss (within 8 months) of a spouse or partner...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165855/physical-activity-coaching-by-australian-exercise-physiologists-is-cost-effective-for-patients-referred-from-general-practice
#6
Ben Ewald, Fiona Stacey, Natalie Johnson, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Elizabeth Holliday, Wendy Brown, Erica L James
OBJECTIVE: Interventions to promote physical activity for sedentary patients seen in general practice may be a way to reduce the burden of chronic disease. Coaching by an exercise physiologist is publicly funded in Australia, but cost effectiveness has not been documented. METHODS: In a three-arm randomised controlled trial, face-to-face coaching and telephone coaching over 12 weeks were compared with a control group using the outcome of step count for one week at baseline, three months and twelve months...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163294/constructing-a-reward-related-quality-of-life-statistic-in-daily-life-a-proof-of-concept-study-using-positive-affect
#7
REVIEW
Simone J W Verhagen, Claudia J P Simons, Catherine van Zelst, Philippe A E G Delespaul
Background: Mental healthcare needs person-tailored interventions. Experience Sampling Method (ESM) can provide daily life monitoring of personal experiences. This study aims to operationalize and test a measure of momentary reward-related Quality of Life (rQoL). Intuitively, quality of life improves by spending more time on rewarding experiences. ESM clinical interventions can use this information to coach patients to find a realistic, optimal balance of positive experiences (maximize reward) in daily life...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153002/the-use-of-behavior-modeling-training-in-a-mobile-app-parent-training-program-to-improve-functional-communication-of-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Gloria C Law, Maureen Neihart, Anuradha Dutt
Communication intervention in early life can significantly impact long-term outcomes for young children with autism. Parents can be vital resources in the midst of the current manpower shortage. Map4speech is a new mobile application developed for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. It is specially designed to provide high-quality, interactive learning, coupled with frequent feedback and live coaching to train parents in a naturalistic language intervention. A multiple-baseline single-case experimental design was conducted across three parent-child dyads...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137836/how-participatory-action-research-changed-our-view-of-the-challenges-of-shared-decision-making-training
#9
Jette Ammentorp, Maiken Wolderslund, Connie Timmermann, Henry Larsen, Karina Dahl Steffensen, Annegrethe Nielsen, Marianne E Lau, Bodil Winther, Lars Henrik Jensen, Elisabeth Assing Hvidt, Niels Christian Hvidt, Pål Gulbrandsen
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to demonstrate how the use of participatory action research (PAR) helped us identify ways to respond to communication challenges associated with shared decision-making (SDM) training. METHODS: Patients, relatives, researchers, and health professionals were involved in a PAR process that included: (1) two theatre workshops, (2) a pilot study of an SDM training module involving questionnaires and evaluation meetings, and (3) three reflection workshops...
November 9, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120891/clinicians-ability-motivation-and-opportunity-to-acquire-and-transfer-knowledge-an-age-driven-perspective
#10
Silvia Profili, Alessia Sammarra, Roberto Dandi, Daniele Mascia
BACKGROUND: Many countries are seeing a dramatic increase in the average age of their clinicians. The literature often highlights the challenges of high replacement costs and the need for strategies to retain older personnel. Less discussed are the potential pitfalls of knowledge acquisition and transfer that accompany this aging issue. PURPOSE: We propose a conceptual framework for understanding how clinicians' age interact with ability, motivation, and opportunity to predict clinical knowledge transfer and acquisition in health care organizations...
November 8, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106335/psychosocial-development-through-masters-sport-what-can-be-gained-from-youth-sport-models
#11
Rylee A Dionigi, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Rachael C Stone, Amy M Gayman
Although sport participation is encouraged throughout the lifespan, little research has been conducted on the role of sport in development later in life. This qualitative study explored adults' experiences of development within the context of Masters sport. We interviewed 14 adults (nine men and five women) aged 46-61 years involved in Masters sport. Data was interpreted drawing upon frameworks from youth sport (i.e., Personal Assets Framework for Sport; Côté, J., Bruner, M., Strachan, L., Erickson, K., & Fraser-Thomas, J...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104624/smart-watch-based-coaching-with-tiotropium-and-olodaterol-ameliorates-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
Osamu Hataji, Yoichi Nishii, Kentaro Ito, Tadashi Sakaguchi, Haruko Saiki, Yuta Suzuki, Corina D'Alessandro-Gabazza, Hajime Fujimoto, Tetsu Kobayashi, Esteban C Gabazza, Osamu Taguchi
Combined therapy with tiotropium and olodaterol notably improves parameters of lung function and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) compared to mono-components; however, its effect on physical activity is unknown. The present study evaluated whether combination therapy affects daily physical performance in patients with COPD under a smart watch-based encouragement program. This was a non-blinded clinical trial with no randomization or placebo control. A total of 20 patients with COPD were enrolled in the present study...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097298/study-design-and-methods-for-the-activity-and-technology-activate-trial
#13
Brigid M Lynch, Nga H Nguyen, Marina M Reeves, Melissa M Moore, Dori E Rosenberg, Michael J Wheeler, Terry Boyle, Jeff K Vallance, Christine M Friedenreich, Dallas R English
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is positively associated with survival and quality of life among breast cancer survivors. Despite these benefits, the majority of breast cancer survivors are insufficiently active. The potential health benefits of reducing sedentary behaviour (sitting time) in this population have not been extensively investigated. The ACTIVATE Trial will evaluate the efficacy of an intervention that combines wearable technology (the Garmin Vivofit2®) with traditional behavioural change approaches to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour performed by breast cancer survivors...
October 30, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089913/diabetes-related-distress-and-depressive-symptoms-are-not-merely-negative-over-a-3-year-period-in-malaysian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-receiving-regular-primary-diabetes-care
#14
Boon-How Chew, Rimke C Vos, Rebecca K Stellato, Guy E H M Rutten
For people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) the daily maintenance of physical and psychological health is challenging. However, the interrelatedness of these two health domains, and of diabetes-related distress (DRD) and depressive symptoms, in the Asian population is still poorly understood. DRD and depressive symptoms have important but distinct influences on diabetes self-care and disease control. Furthermore, the question of whether changes in DRD or depressive symptoms follow a more or less natural course or depend on disease and therapy-related factors is yet to be answered...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084067/a-randomized-control-trial-of-cardiopulmonary-feedback-devices-and-their-impact-on-infant-chest-compression-quality-a-simulation-study
#15
Andrea L Austin, Carmen N Spalding, Katrina N Landa, Brian R Myer, Cure Donald, Jason E Smith, Gerald Platt, Heather C King
OBJECTIVES: In effort to improve chest compression quality among health care providers, numerous feedback devices have been developed. Few studies, however, have focused on the use of cardiopulmonary resuscitation feedback devices for infants and children. This study evaluated the quality of chest compressions with standard team-leader coaching, a metronome (MetroTimer by ONYX Apps), and visual feedback (SkillGuide Cardiopulmonary Feedback Device) during simulated infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070947/a-case-series-of-an-off-the-shelf-online-health-resource-with-integrated-nurse-coaching-to-support-self-management-in-copd
#16
Frances Early, Jane S Young, Elizabeth Robinshaw, Emma Z Mi, Ella Z Mi, Jonathan P Fuld
BACKGROUND: COPD has significant psychosocial impact. Self-management support improves quality of life, but programs are not universally available. IT-based self-management interventions can provide home-based support, but have mixed results. We conducted a case series of an off-the-shelf Internet-based health-promotion program, The Preventive Plan (TPP), coupled with nurse-coach support, which aimed to increase patient activation and provide self-management benefits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 19 COPD patients were recruited, and 14 completed 3-month follow-up in two groups: groups 1 and 2 with more and less advanced COPD, respectively...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063800/the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-web-based-programme-to-support-problem-solving-skills-following-brain-injury
#17
Laurie Ehlhardt Powell, Michelle R Wild, Ann Glang, Summer Ibarra, Jeff M Gau, Amanda Perez, Richard W Albin, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Shari L Wade, Tom Keating, Carolyn Saraceno, Jody Slocumb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cognitive impairments following brain injury, including difficulty with problem solving, can pose significant barriers to successful community reintegration. Problem-solving strategy training is well-supported in the cognitive rehabilitation literature. However, limitations in insurance reimbursement have resulted in fewer services to train such skills to mastery and to support generalization of those skills into everyday environments. The purpose of this project was to develop and evaluate an integrated, web-based programme, ProSolv, which uses a small number of coaching sessions to support problem solving in everyday life following brain injury...
October 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061910/health-coaching-in-severe-copd-after-a-hospitalization-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-large-randomized-study
#18
Roberto P Benzo, Janae L Kirsch, Julie C Hathaway, Charlene E McEvoy, Kristin S Vickers
BACKGROUND: We recently demonstrated in a randomized study the feasibility and effectiveness of telephone-based health coaching using motivational interviewing on decreasing hospital readmissions and improving quality of life at 6 and 12 months after hospital discharge. In this qualitative study, we sought to explore the health-coaching intervention as seen from the perspective of the participants who received the intervention and the coaches who delivered it. METHODS: Semistructured participant interviews (n = 24) and a focus group of all health coaches (n = 3) who participated in this study were conducted...
November 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033550/coach-to-cope-feasibility-of-a-life-coaching-program-for-young-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#19
Karin Bæk Knudsen, Tacjana Pressler, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Mary Jarden, Kirsten Arntz Boisen, Marianne Skov, Alexandra L Quittner, Terese Lea Katzenstein
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, lifespan has increased significantly for people living with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, several studies have demonstrated that many young adults with CF report mental health problems and poor adherence to their prescribed treatments, challenging their long-term physical health. Treatment guidelines recommend interventions to improve adherence and self-management. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of a life coaching intervention for young adults with CF...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031507/-sport-coaching-for-psychological-and-social-recovery-after-hematological-cancer-an-innovative-perspective
#20
Sarah Calvin, Didier Blaise, Patrick Ben Soussan, Sarah Cuvelier, Nicolas Cicut, Laurence Caymaris, Yolande Arnault, Claude Onesta, Pierre Dantin, Patrice Viens
This study is a first step towards the transfer of knowledge and practices between psychological support and performance in elite sport and a patient's "social recovery" in oncology. This proposal brings together people engaged in a variety of healthcare and relationship support roles, and aims to set up a support system beyond the hospital context. It questions the ability of elite sport management and its main actors, the "Great Coaches", to contribute to the support of patients in cancer remission through an onco-coaching approach...
October 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
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