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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928888/self-care-tools-to-treat-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-age-related-eye-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Hortence Kamga, Jane McCusker, Mark Yaffe, Maida Sewitch, Tamara Sussman, Erin Strumpf, Sébastien Olivier, Walter Wittich, Solmaz Moghadaszadeh, Ellen E Freeman
BACKGROUND: Depression is very common in people with age-related eye disease. Our goal was to determine if self-care tools plus limited telephone support could reduce depressive symptoms in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or diabetic retinopathy (DR). DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital in Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty participants were recruited METHODS: To be eligible, participants must have had either late stage AMD or DR, at least mild depressive symptoms, and visual acuity better than 20/200...
December 7, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928825/patient-involvement-in-own-rehabilitation-after-early-discharge
#2
Britta Hørdam, Merete Watt Boolsen
BACKGROUND: A European Union Commission report in 2015 concluded that the concept of patient involvement refers specially to the right of patients to have a central position in the healthcare process (EU Commission 2012, http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/quali/ql_5937_patient_en.pdf). Recent research suggests that patient involvement after hip replacement is a very effective strategy in older adults with regard to improving walking ability and reducing pain and thereby lessening loss of physical, mental and social aspects of the quality of life...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920119/randomized-trial-to-reduce-emergency-visits-or-hospital-admissions-using-telephone-coaching-to-complex-patients
#3
María González-Ortega, Joan Gené-Badia, Belchin Kostov, Vicente García-Valdecasas, Carmen Pérez-Martín
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity remains a matter of international interest, given growing prevalence of chronic conditions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact that adding a telephone coaching intervention by a family physician to usual care has on reducing resource consumption and improving health status, caregiver burden and quality of life among complex chronic patients (CCP) compared with usual care. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on a random sample of CCP from three primary care teams in Barcelona...
December 5, 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892423/a-european-study-on-effectiveness-and-sustainability-of-current-cardiac-rehabilitation-programmes-in-the-elderly-design-of-the-eu-care-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Eva Prescott, Esther P Meindersma, Astrid E van der Velde, Jose R Gonzalez-Juanatey, Marie Christine Iliou, Diego Ardissino, Giuseppe Biondi Zoccai, Uwe Zeymer, Leonie F Prins, Arnoud Wj Van't Hof, Matthias Wilhelm, Ed P de Kluiver
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an evidence-based intervention to increase survival and quality of life. Yet studies consistently show that elderly patients are less frequently referred to CR, show less uptake and more often drop out of CR programmes. DESIGN: The European study on effectiveness and sustainability of current cardiac rehabilitation programmes in the elderly (EU-CaRE) project consists of an observational study and an open prospective, investigator-initiated multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT) involving mobile telemonitoring guided CR (mCR)...
October 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860484/effects-of-praise-dance-on-the-quality-of-life-of-chinese-women
#5
Joanne Wai-Yee Chung, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, Jing-Han Chen, Margaret Wai Ling Chung
OBJECTIVE: Religion, spirituality, and health are inseparable in human history. Yet, the effects of religion and spirituality on health are controversial. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of praise dance on the quality of life (QoL) of women with or without medically diagnosed diseases. METHOD: This was a pretest-posttest study with one convenience sample that took place at Praise Dance Association Hong Kong (PDA) centers. Two hundred and fifty-six Chinese adult females participated...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821160/a-pilot-study-of-health-and-wellness-coaching-for-fibromyalgia
#6
Kevin V Hackshaw, Marcal Plans-Pujolras, Luis E Rodriguez-Saona, Margaret A Moore, Erika K Jackson, Gary A Sforzo, C A Tony Buffington
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a health and wellness coaching (HWC)-based intervention for fibromyalgia (FM) would result in sustained improvements in health and quality of life, and reductions in health care utilization. METHODS: Nine female subjects meeting American College of Rheumatology criteria for a diagnosis of primary FM were studied. The HWC protocol had two components, which were delivered telephonically over a twelve-month period...
November 8, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820761/effect-of-intensity-and-program-delivery-on-the-translation-of-diabetes-prevention-program-to-worksites-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-fuel-your-life
#7
Mark G Wilson, David M DeJoy, Robert J Vandenberg, Phaedra Corso, Heather Padilla, Heather Zuercher
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Fuel Your Life program, an adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), utilizing implementation strategies commonly used in worksite programs-telephone coaching, small group coaching, and self-study. METHODS: The primary outcomes of body mass index and weight were examined in a randomized control trial conducted with city/county employees. RESULTS: Although the majority of participants in all three groups lost some weight, the phone group lost significantly more weight (4...
November 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809886/efficacy-of-the-small-step-program-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-for-infants-below-age-12%C3%A2-months-with-clinical-signs-of-cp-a-study-protocol
#8
Ann-Christin Eliasson, Linda Holmström, Päivikki Aarne, Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Ann-Louise Weiland, Lena Sjöstrand, Hans Forssberg, Kristina Tedroff, Kristina Löwing
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have life-long motor disorders, and they are typically subjected to extensive treatment throughout their childhood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence supporting the effectiveness of early interventions aiming at improving motor function, activity, and participation in daily life. The study will evaluate the effectiveness of the newly developed Small Step Program, which is introduced to children at risk of developing CP during their first year of life...
November 3, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783338/coaching-for-college-students-with-adhd
#9
REVIEW
Frances Prevatt
Evidence suggests that ADHD can impair academic achievement in college students and throughout the life span. College students with ADHD are an at-risk population who might benefit from interventions. An offshoot of CBT-oriented therapy that has grown significantly and gained popularity in recent years is ADHD coaching. ADHD coaching is a psychosocial intervention that helps individuals develop skills, strategies, and behaviors to cope with the core impairments associated with ADHD. Most coaching programs are primarily based on a CBT approach and target planning, time management, goal setting, organization, and problem solving...
December 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782013/how-nurses-use-telehealth-to-support-health-transitions-of-older-adults
#10
Karen Day, Sandi Millner, Hilda Johnson
: When people with long term health issues transition from illness to health, or move from hospital to home after an exacerbation they feel vulnerable, unsafe, uncertain, lost, and unsupported. Transitions are life experiences that result in change. Telehealth gives easier access to care and increases patient involvement and self-awareness for self-care and improved outcomes. The purpose of our research was to explore how telehealth tools and processes lend themselves to nursing of patients through transitions...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780874/data-mining-in-the-exploration-of-stressors-among-ncaa-student-athletes
#11
Seunghyun Hwang, Youngjun Choi
Collegiate student athletes face psychological stressors in adjusting to campus life. This study used preexisting, nationally representative data administered by the National Collegiate Athletic Association for student athletes in 2010 to explore the conjunctive relationships among demographics, personal characteristics, social contexts, and physical condition in predicting perceived stress. The number of valid samples was 19,967 from 609 member institutions. A data mining methodology (i.e., SEARCH) was applied to model the distribution of the perceived stress...
December 2016: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770772/frequency-of-satisfaction-and-dissatisfaction-with-practice-among-rural-based-group-employed-physicians-and-non-physician-practitioners
#12
Anthony C Waddimba, Melissa Scribani, Nicole Krupa, John J May, Paul Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Widespread dissatisfaction among United States (U.S.) clinicians could endanger ongoing reforms. Practitioners in rural/underserved areas withstand stressors that are unique to or accentuated in those settings. Medical professionals employed by integrating delivery systems are often distressed by the cacophony of organizational change(s) that such consolidation portends. We investigated the factors associated with dis/satisfaction with rural practice among doctors/non-physician practitioners employed by an integrated healthcare delivery network serving 9 counties of upstate New York, during a time of organizational transition...
October 22, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756341/patient-activation-in-older-people-with-long-term-conditions-and-multimorbidity-correlates-and-change-in-a-cohort-study-in-the-united-kingdom
#13
Amy Blakemore, Mark Hann, Kelly Howells, Maria Panagioti, Mark Sidaway, David Reeves, Peter Bower
BACKGROUND: Patient Activation is defined as the knowledge, skill, and confidence a patient has in managing their health. Higher levels of patient activation are associated with better self-management, better health outcomes, and lower healthcare costs. Understanding the drivers of patient activation can allow better tailoring of patient support and interventions. There are few data on patient activation in UK patients with long-term conditions. METHODS: A prospective cohort design was used...
October 18, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756177/perspectives-of-unemployed-workers-with-mental-health-problems-barriers-to-and-solutions-for-return-to-work
#14
Selwin S Audhoe, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Jan L Hoving, Judith K Sluiter, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the barriers to and solutions for return to work (RTW) from the perspective of unemployed workers who were sick-listed due to mental health problems. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 25 sick-listed unemployed workers with mental health problems. Qualitative data analysis was performed, using a process of identifying, coding, and categorising the patterns in data. RESULTS: All workers experienced multiple problems in different domains of life related to their disease, personal circumstances (e...
October 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710166/professional-roles-in-physiotherapy-practice-educating-for-self-management-relational-matching-and-coaching-for-everyday-life
#15
Per Koren Solvang, Marit Fougner
The patient's active participation in treatment and rehabilitation represents a cultural change in clinical practice as well as a major change in physiotherapist and patient roles. This article presents findings from a study aimed at gaining a better understanding of how physiotherapists in actual practice understand their interactions with patients during the treatment process. This article reports on the findings from focus-group interviews with physiotherapists working in three different settings. Analyses of the interview data identified three modes of physiotherapy practice...
November 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703964/job-maintenance-through-supported-employment-plus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Nils-Torge Telle, Jörn Moock, Sandra Heuchert, Vivian Schulte, Wulf Rössler, Wolfram Kawohl
Sickness absence from work due to experienced distress and mental health issues has continuously increased over the past years in Germany. To investigate how this alarming development can be counteracted, we conducted a randomized controlled trial evaluating a job coaching intervention to maintain the working capacity of members of staff and ultimately prevent sickness absence. Our sample included N = 99 employees who reported mental distress due to work-related problems. The intervention group (n = 58) received between 8 and 12 individual job coaching sessions in which they worked with a professional job coach to reduce their mental distress...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683021/intervention-for-diabetes-with-education-advancement-and-support-ideas-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Jun Yang Lee, Carina Ka Yee Chan, Siew Siang Chua, Chirk Jenn Ng, Thomas Paraidathathu, Kenneth Kwing-Chin Lee, Shaun Wen Huey Lee
BACKGROUND: The high market penetration of mobile phones has triggered an opportunity to combine mobile technology with health care to overcome challenges in today's health care setting. Although Malaysia has a high Internet and mobile penetration rate, evaluations of the efficacy of incorporating this technology in diabetes care is not common. We report the development of a telemonitoring coaching system, using the United Kingdom (UK) Medical Research Council (MRC) framework, for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
September 29, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678079/the-cost-effectiveness-of-hospital-based-telephone-coaching-for-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-10%C3%A2-year-modelling-analysis
#18
J E Varney, D Liew, T J Weiland, W J Inder, G A Jelinek
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a burdensome condition for individuals to live with and an increasingly costly condition for health services to treat. Cost-effective treatment strategies are required to delay the onset and slow the progression of diabetes related complications. The Diabetes Telephone Coaching Study (DTCS) demonstrated that telephone coaching is an intervention that may improve the risk factor status and diabetes management practices of people with T2DM. Measuring the cost effectiveness of this intervention is important to inform funding decisions that may facilitate the translation of this research into clinical practice...
September 27, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676965/does-the-knowledge-of-a-non-return-to-work-predictive-score-influence-vocational-rehabilitation
#19
Chantal Plomb-Holmes, Roger Hilfiker, François Lüthi
OBJECTIVE: To measure if a decision-supportive tool based on the WORRK model, developed to predict non-return to work (nRTW) after orthopaedic trauma, improves the allocation to various vocational pathways according to patients' "nRTW" risk, for use in clinical practice. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Randomized-controlled trial using vocational inpatients after orthopaedic trauma (n=280). In the intervention group, the nRTW risk estimated using the WORRK tool was given to the clinician team before allocation of the vocational pathway, while in the control group it was not...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664021/effects-of-a-meal-replacement-system-alone-or-in-combination-with-phentermine-on-weight-loss-and-food-cravings
#20
Christina P Moldovan, Abby J Weldon, Noha S Daher, Louise E Schneider, Denise L Bellinger, Lee S Berk, Alyson C Hermé, Adam L Aréchiga, Willie L Davis, Warren R Peters
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of phentermine combined with a meal replacement program on weight loss and food cravings and to investigate the relationship between food cravings and weight loss. METHODS: In a 12-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 77 adults with obesity received either phentermine or placebo. All participants were provided Medifast(®) meal replacements, were instructed to follow the Take Shape for Life(®) Optimal Weight 5&1 Plan for weight loss, and received lifestyle coaching in the Habits of Health program...
September 24, 2016: Obesity
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