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Life Coach

Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
Recent studies showed that women were older than men when achieving their fastest marathon race time. These studies, however, investigated a limited sample of athletes. We investigated the age of peak marathon performance in a large sample of female and male marathon finishers by using data from all finishers. We analyzed the age of peak marathon performance in 1-year and 5-year age intervals of 451,637 runners (i.e. 168,702 women and 282,935 men) who finished the ‘New York City Marathon’ between 2006 and 2016, using analysis of variance and non-linear regression analysis...
March 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Physiology
Lisa Lyssenko, Gerhard Müller, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Christian Schmahl, Mathias Berger, Georg Eifert, Alexander Kölle, Siegmar Nesch, Jutta Ommer-Hohl, Michael Wenner, Martin Bohus
Mental health promotion programs (MHP) seek to reduce sub-syndromal symptoms of mental distress and enhance positive mental health. This study evaluates the long-term effects of a mindfulness-based MHP program ('Life Balance') provided by health coaches in a multi-site field setting on mental distress, satisfaction with life and resilience. Using a controlled design, propensity score matching was used to select a control group for participants of the MHP. The total study sample (N = 3624) comprised 83% women, with a mean age of 50 years...
March 2, 2018: Health Promotion International
Lisa G Rosas, Nan Lv, Kristen M J Azar, Lan Xiao, Steven P Hooker, Megan A Lewis, Patricia Zavella, Elizabeth M Venditti, Jun Ma
Latino men bear a disproportionate burden of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. However, limited behavioral lifestyle intervention research has focused on Latino men. This trial compares two approaches to weight loss for overweight and obese Latino men: 1) HOMBRE is a culturally adapted intervention that provides individual choice of either self-directed online videos, coach-facilitated in-person groups, and coach-facilitated online groups; and 2) a minimal intensity intervention that uses online videos with a coach available, if solicited by the participant...
March 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Ly Thuy Nguyen, Kimberly Alexander, Patsy Yates
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of conducting a trial of a psycho-educational intervention involving the provision of tailored information and coaching to improve management of a cancer-related symptom cluster (fatigue, pain and sleep disturbance) and reduce symptom cluster impacts on patient health outcomes in the Vietnamese context, and to undertake a preliminary evaluation of the intervention. METHODS: A parallel-group single blind pilot quasi-experimental trial was conducted with 102 cancer patients in one Vietnamese hospital...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Theresa Nutt
The purpose of this article is to explore health coaching as an effective intervention in times of health crisis for patients, families, and health-care staff. The pause that a health crisis creates in the activities of normal life allows for deeper questions about a person's life to emerge. Health coaching provides a safe space for clients to engage with these life questions while facilitating a connection with their sense of personal empowerment and innate inner wisdom. The result is a more meaningful and resilient life despite the outcome of the health crisis...
February 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
Jared W Magnani, Courtney L Schlusser, Everlyne Kimani, Bruce L Rollman, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Timothy W Bickmore
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a highly prevalent heart rhythm condition that has significant associated morbidity and requires chronic treatment. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies have the potential to enhance multiple aspects of AF care, including education, monitoring of symptoms, and encouraging and tracking medication adherence. We have previously implemented and tested relational agents to improve outcomes in chronic disease and sought to develop a smartphone-based relational agent for improving patient-centered outcomes in AF...
July 2017: JMIR Cardio
Ryan Todd, Shree Bhalerao, Michael T Vu, Sophie Soklaridis, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: The following study was undertaken to investigate the effect of concussion and psychiatric illness on athletes and their caregivers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 20 ice hockey stakeholders (17 men and 3 women) including minor and professional players, coaches, parents, and physicians were conducted over two years (2012-2014). These interviews were analyzed using grounded theory. RESULTS: From this analysis, a common biographical theme emerged whereby the subject's identity as a hockey player, constructed early in life over many years, was disrupted by concussion...
2018: PloS One
Matthew S Lucas
The Power Over Pain-Coaching (POP-C) intervention was developed to improve functional status and decrease pain and pain-related distress among ambulatory African American patients with cancer. By bypassing the effects of disparities, the POP-C intervention may help to decrease suffering among African American patients with cancer pain; consequently, it contributes to improving quality of life and addressing social and other determinants of health among members of this population. 
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Talko B Dijkhuis, Frank J Blaauw, Miriam W van Ittersum, Hugo Velthuijsen, Marco Aiello
Living a sedentary lifestyle is one of the major causes of numerous health problems. To encourage employees to lead a less sedentary life, the Hanze University started a health promotion program. One of the interventions in the program was the use of an activity tracker to record participants' daily step count. The daily step count served as input for a fortnightly coaching session. In this paper, we investigate the possibility of automating part of the coaching procedure on physical activity by providing personalized feedback throughout the day on a participant's progress in achieving a personal step goal...
February 19, 2018: Sensors
Cristina Colón-Semenza, Nancy K Latham, Lisa M Quintiliani, Terry D Ellis
BACKGROUND: Long-term engagement in exercise and physical activity mitigates the progression of disability and increases quality of life in people with Parkinson disease (PD). Despite this, the vast majority of individuals with PD are sedentary. There is a critical need for a feasible, safe, acceptable, and effective method to assist those with PD to engage in active lifestyles. Peer coaching through mobile health (mHealth) may be a viable approach. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a PD-specific peer coach training program and a remote peer-mentored walking program using mHealth technology with the goal of increasing physical activity in persons with PD...
February 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Sheridan Miyamoto, Madan Dharmar, Sarina Fazio, Yajarayma Tang-Feldman, Heather M Young
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, are the leading cause of mortality and disability in the United States. Current solutions focus primarily on diagnosis and pharmacological treatment, yet there is increasing evidence that patient-centered models of care are more successful in improving and addressing chronic disease outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this clinical trial is to evaluate the impact of a mobile health (mHealth) enabled nurse health coaching intervention on self-efficacy among adults with type-2 diabetes mellitus...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Andreas Triantafyllidis, Dimitris Filos, Jomme Claes, Roselien Buys, Véronique Cornelissen, Evangelia Kouidi, Ioanna Chouvarda, Nicos Maglaveras
BACKGROUND: The benefits of regular physical activity for health and quality of life are unarguable. New information, sensing and communication technologies have the potential to play a critical role in computerised decision support and coaching for physical activity. OBJECTIVES: We provide a literature review of recent research in the development of physical activity interventions employing computerised decision support, their feasibility and effectiveness in healthy and diseased individuals, and map out challenges and future research directions...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Vanessa M Meyer
Background: Competitive athletes train body and mind in preparation for competition with mental fortitude often providing the "winning edge." Similarly, the current-day warfighter faces significant physical and psychological challenges and must be prepared to respond to life-threatening danger with mental and physical agility. Sport Psychology for the Soldier Athlete recognizes the soldier as an elite athlete and provides training required to perform at the highest caliber. Through this curriculum, mental skills coaching in goal setting, imagery, positive self-talk, and heart rate control is integrated into routine physical fitness training...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Corby K Martin, Robert L Newton, John W Apolzan, Connie L Arnold, Terry C Davis, Kara D Denstel, Emily F Mire, Tina K Thethi, Phillip J Brantley, William D Johnson, Vivian Fonseca, Jonathan Gugel, Kathleen B Kennedy, Carl J Lavie, Eboni G Price-Haywood, Daniel F Sarpong, Benjamin Springgate
Underserved and minority populations suffer from a disproportionately high prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities. Effective obesity treatment programs delivered in primary care that produce significant weight loss are currently lacking. The purpose of this trial is to test the effectiveness of a pragmatic, high intensity lifestyle-based obesity treatment program delivered within primary care among an underserved population. We hypothesize that, relative to patients who receive usual care, patients who receive a high-intensity, health literacy- and culturally-appropriate lifestyle intervention will have greater percent reductions in body weight over 24 months...
February 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Arnold A P van Emmerik, Fieke Berings, Jaap Lancee
Although several hundreds of apps are available that (cl)aim to promote mindfulness, only a few methodologically sound studies have evaluated the efficacy of these apps. This randomized waiting-list controlled trial therefore tested the hypothesis that one such app (the VGZ Mindfulness Coach ) can achieve immediate and long-term improvements of mindfulness, quality of life, general psychiatric symptoms, and self-actualization. One hundred ninety-one experimental participants received the VGZ Mindfulness Coach, which offers 40 mindfulness exercises and background information about mindfulness without any form of therapeutic guidance...
2018: Mindfulness
Crystian B Oliveira, Márcia R Franco, Chris G Maher, Anne Tiedemann, Fernanda G Silva, Tatiana M Damato, Michael K Nicholas, Diego G D Christofaro, Rafael Z Pinto
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in the management of chronic low back pain (LBP). Engaging in an active lifestyle is associated with a better prognosis. Nevertheless, there is evidence to suggest that patients with chronic LBP are less likely to meet recommended physical activity levels. Furthermore, while exercise therapy has been endorsed by recent clinical practice guidelines, evidence from systematic reviews suggests that its effect on pain and disability are at best moderate and not sustained over time...
January 15, 2018: Trials
Eva Szigethy, Francis Solano, Meredith Wallace, Dina L Perry, Lauren Morrell, Kathryn Scott, Megan Jones Bell, Megan Oser
INTRODUCTION: Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and subclinical GAD are highly prevalent in primary care. Unmanaged anxiety worsens quality of life in patients seen in primary care practices and leads to increased medical utilisation and costs. Programmes that teach patients cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) techniques have been shown to improve anxiety and to prevent the evolution of anxiety symptoms to disorders, but access and engagement have hampered integration of CBT into medical settings...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Annette Burgess, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The importance of mentorship within health care training is well recognised. It offers a means to further enhance workforce performance and engagement, promote learning opportunities and encourage multidisciplinary collaboration. There are both career and life benefits associated with mentorship, and it is increasingly recognised as a bidirectional process that benefits both mentors and mentees. Recently, mentoring has been considered an essential step in professional and personal development, particularly in the field of health care...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Teacher
Claudia Steurer-Stey, Kaba Dalla Lana, Julia Braun, Gerben Ter Riet, Milo A Puhan
The pivotal objective of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) self-management programmes is behaviour change to avoid moderate and severe exacerbations and improve health related quality of life.In a prospectively planned, controlled study, COPD patients who participated in the "Living well with COPD" (LWWCOPD) self-management intervention were compared with usual care patients from the primary care COPD Cohort ICE COLD ERIC, who did not receive self-management intervention (NCT00706602) The primary outcome was behaviour change and disease-specific health related quality of life after 1 year...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Magali Fassiotto, Caroline Simard, Christy Sandborg, Hannah Valantine, Jennifer Raymond
Faculty in academic medicine experience multiple demands on their time at work and at home, which can become a source of stress and dissatisfaction, compromising success. A taskforce convened to diagnose the state of work-life flexibility at Stanford University School of Medicine uncovered two major sources of conflict for faculty: work-life conflict, caused by juggling demands of career and home, and work-work conflict, caused by competing priorities of the tripartite research, teaching, and clinical mission of an academic medical center combined with service and administrative tasks...
January 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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