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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869405/a-telehealth-intervention-to-promote-healthy-lifestyles-after-stroke-the-stroke-coach-protocol
#1
Brodie M Sakakibara, Scott A Lear, Susan I Barr, Oscar Benavente, Charlie H Goldsmith, Noah D Silverberg, Jennifer Yao, Janice J Eng
Rationale Recurrent stroke is prevalent and associated with high mortality rates, disability, and social and economic costs. Adequate management of risk factors may reduce recurrent stroke; however, many stroke survivors have poor control of risk factors. We have developed a theoretically sound and evidence-based lifestyle modification program called the Stroke Coach, a telephone-based self-management program to improve control of risk factors. Hypothesis Individuals who participate in Stroke Coach will achieve more lifestyle improvements than individuals in an attention controlled Memory Training Program...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859648/engaging-patients-and-families-to-create-a-feasible-clinical-trial-integrating-palliative-and-heart-failure-care-results-of-the-enable-chf-pc-pilot-clinical-trial
#2
Marie Bakitas, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Salpy V Pamboukian, Jose Tallaj, Elizabeth Kvale, Keith M Swetz, Jennifer Frost, Rachel Wells, Andres Azuero, Konda Keebler, Imatullah Akyar, Deborah Ejem, Karen Steinhauser, Tasha Smith, Raegan Durant, Alan T Kono
BACKGROUND: Early palliative care (EPC) is recommended but rarely integrated with advanced heart failure (HF) care. We engaged patients and family caregivers to study the feasibility and site differences in a two-site EPC trial, ENABLE CHF-PC (Educate, Nurture, Advise, Before Life Ends Comprehensive Heartcare for Patients and Caregivers). METHODS: We conducted an EPC feasibility study (4/1/14-8/31/15) for patients with NYHA Class III/IV HF and their caregivers in academic medical centers in the northeast and southeast U...
August 31, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856009/the-chronic-kidney-disease-water-intake-trial-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
William F Clark, Shih-Han Huang, Amit X Garg, Kerri Gallo, Andrew A House, Louise Moist, Matthew A Weir, Jessica M Sontrop
BACKGROUND: In observational studies, drinking more water associates with a slower rate of kidney function decline; whether the same is true in a randomized controlled trial is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the 1-year effect of a higher vs usual water intake on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with chronic kidney disease. DESIGN: Parallel-group randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Nine centers in Ontario, Canada...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851675/internet-use-and-access-behavior-cyberbullying-and-grooming-results-of-an-investigative-whole-city-survey-of-adolescents
#4
Marco Flavio Michele Vismara, Joseph Toaff, Giuliana Pulvirenti, Chiara Settanni, Emma Colao, Serena Marianna Lavano, Riccardo Cemicetti, David Cotugno, Giuseppe Perrotti, Viviana Meschesi, Roberto Montera, Barbara Zepponi, Umberto Rapetto, Rosa Marotta
BACKGROUND: According to the Digital Agenda for Europe, the way children use the Internet and mobile technologies has changed dramatically in the past years. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to: (1) breakdown the modalities of access and use of the Internet by teenagers to assess risks and risky behaviors; and (2) provide scientific data to evaluate and counsel safe use of the Internet and new technologies by teenagers. METHODS: The study was conducted under the program "Strategies for a Better Internet for Children" started in May 2012 by the European Commission...
August 29, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838886/smartphone-enabled-health-coaching-intervention-imove-to-promote-long-term-maintenance-of-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors-protocol-for-a-feasibility-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Paul Ritvo, Maya Obadia, Daniel Santa Mina, Shabbir Alibhai, Catherine Sabiston, Paul Oh, Kristin Campbell, David McCready, Leslie Auger, Jennifer Michelle Jones
BACKGROUND: Although physical activity has been shown to contribute to long-term disease control and health in breast cancer survivors, a majority of breast cancer survivors do not meet physical activity guidelines. Past research has focused on promoting physical activity components for short-term breast cancer survivor benefits, but insufficient attention has been devoted to long-term outcomes and sustained exercise adherence. We are assessing a health coach intervention (iMOVE) that uses mobile technology to increase and sustain physical activity maintenance in initially inactive breast cancer survivors...
August 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800273/assessing-the-impact-of-a-remote-digital-coaching-engagement-program-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-asthma
#6
Mazi Rasulnia, Billy Stephen Burton, Robert P Ginter, Tracy Y Wang, Roy Alton Pleasants, Cynthia L Green, Njira Lugogo
BACKGROUND: Low adherence and poor outcomes provide opportunity for digital coaching to engage patients with uncontrolled asthma in their care to improve outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of a remote digital coaching program on asthma control and patient experience. METHODS: We recruited 51 adults with uncontrolled asthma, denoted by albuterol use of > 2 times per week and/or exacerbations requiring corticosteroids, and applied a 12-week patient-centered remote digital coaching program using a combination of educational pamphlets, symptom trackers, best peak flow establishment, physical activity, and dietary counseling, as well as coaches who implemented emotional enforcement  to motivate disease self-management through telephone, text, and email...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753194/pilot-study-of-a-communication-coaching-telephone-intervention-for-lung-cancer-caregivers
#7
Elaine Wittenberg, Betty Ferrell, Marianna Koczywas, Catherine Del Ferraro, Nora H Ruel
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are a key communication source for nurses, and there is a need to provide communication skill building for caregivers. OBJECTIVE: A pilot study was conducted to determine feasibility and use of a communication coaching telephone intervention aimed at improving caregiver confidence in communication and reducing psychological distress. METHODS: A printed communication guide for caregivers and a 1-time communication coaching call delivered by a research nurse were provided to caregivers...
July 27, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750556/the-quebec-respiratory-health-education-network-integrating-a-model-of-self-management-education-in-copd-primary-care
#8
Jean Bourbeau, Raquel Farias, Pei Zhi Li, Guylaine Gauthier, Livia Battisti, Valérie Chabot, Marie-France Beauchesne, Denis Villeneuve, Patricia Côté, Louis-Philippe Boulet
The objective of this study is to evaluate whether a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) self-management education program with coaching of a case manager improves patient-related outcomes and leads to practice changes in primary care. COPD patients from six family medicine clinics (FMCs) participated in a 1-year educational program offered by trained case managers who focused on treatment adherence, inhaler techniques, smoking cessation, and the use of an action plan for exacerbations. Health-care utilization, health-related quality of life (HRQL), treatment adherence, inhaler technique, and COPD knowledge were assessed at each visit with validated questionnaires...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748643/protein-supplements-and-adolescent-athletes-a-pilot-study-investigating-the-risk-knowledge-motivations-and-prevalence-of-use
#9
Gavin Whitehouse, Tanya Lawlis
AIM: Protein-based sports supplements are among the more common types of nutrition supplements consumed by athletes; however, there is currently limited data investigating the knowledge, motivations and occurrence of use among the adolescent population (13-18 years). This pilot study looks to obtain initial data regarding the use of protein supplements in this population. METHODS: This study investigates the understanding and occurrence of protein supplement use in 87 adolescent athletes based in an Australian capital city who compete in a variety of sports...
July 26, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744111/the-long-term-effects-of-the-health-coaching-self-management-program-for-nursing-home-residents
#10
Yeon-Hwan Park, Sun-Hee Moon, Ji-Yeon Ha, Min-Hye Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little is known about whether a self-management program for nursing-home residents (NHR) with cognitive impairment is likely to have an impact on the care of this growing population. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the health-coaching self-management program for NHR (HCSMP-NHR) on 1) self-efficacy and goal attainment scaling (GAS), 2) health status and quality of life (QoL) among older people, including those with cognitive impairment, in Korean nursing homes...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733270/evaluating-a-web-based-coaching-program-using-electronic-health-records-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-china-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Lan Wang, Lin He, Yanxia Tao, Li Sun, Hong Zheng, Yashu Zheng, Yuehao Shen, Suyan Liu, Yue Zhao, Yaogang Wang
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is now the fourth leading cause of death in the world, and it continues to increase in developing countries. The World Health Organization expects COPD to be the third most common cause of death in the world by 2020. Effective and continuous postdischarge care can help patients to maintain good health. The use of electronic health records (EHRs) as an element of community health care is new technology in China. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a Web-based coaching program using EHRs for physical function and health-related quality of life for patients with COPD in China...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713300/new-technologies-smart-or-harm-work-family-boundaries-management-gender-differences-in-conflict-and-enrichment-using-the-jd-r-theory
#12
Chiara Ghislieri, Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese, Lara Colombo
Background: The relationship between technology-assisted supplemental work and well-being outcomes is a recent issue in scientific literature. Whether the use of technology for work purpose in off-work time may have a positive or negative impact on work-family balance remains an open question and the role of gender in this relationship is poorly understood. Aim: According to the JD-R theory, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between off-work hours technology assisted job demand (off-TAJD) and both work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706172/-the-effect-of-health-coaching-programs-on-self-efficacy-health-behaviors-and-quality-of-life-in-hypertensive-people-living-in-poverty
#13
Sun Ok Eom, Insook Lee
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine the effects of health coaching and mediating variables on quantitative aspect of health in low-income hypertensive people. METHODS: The experimental group for the current study consisted of 21 clients who received health coaching services, and the control group consisted of 22 clients who received home-visiting nursing services. Two groups received health coaching or homevisiting nursing services once a week for 8 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684551/transitions-in-prognostic-awareness-among-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-in-their-last-6-months-of-life-examined-by-multi-state-markov-modeling
#14
Chen Hsiu Chen, Fur-Hsing Wen, Ming-Mo Hou, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Wen-Chi Chou, Jen-Shi Chen, Wen-Cheng Chang, Siew Tzuh Tang
BACKGROUND: Developing accurate prognostic awareness, a cornerstone of preference-based end-of-life (EOL) care decision-making, is a dynamic process involving more prognostic-awareness states than knowing or not knowing. Understanding the transition probabilities and time spent in each prognostic-awareness state can help clinicians identify trigger points for facilitating transitions toward accurate prognostic awareness. We examined transition probabilities in distinct prognostic-awareness states between consecutive time points in 247 cancer patients' last 6 months and estimated the time spent in each state...
September 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682800/advances-in-psychological-interventions-for-lifestyle-disorders-overview-of-interventions-in-cardiovascular-disorder-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Paulomi M Sudhir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review examines the recent advances in psychological interventions for two major lifestyle disorders in adults namely, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders. The review summarizes findings from studies carried out between the years 2015 and 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: The effectiveness of psychological interventions in the management of lifestyle disorders has been examined with respect to adaptation, self-care, adherence, negative emotions and improving quality of life...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679812/challenges-in-understanding-and-respecting-patients-preferences
#16
Amber E Barnato
The Institute of Medicine's report on Dying in America called for honoring treatment preferences near the end of life for seriously ill patients. To achieve this objective, the report recommended that patients, their family members, other loved ones, and providers engage in shared decision making about current and future treatment decisions (that is, advance care planning). Yet decision science research suggests that preferences are objectively difficult to specify for complex contingencies and subjectively difficult to specify for unfamiliar choices...
July 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679400/the-effectiveness-of-the-use-of-a-digital-activity-coaching-system-in-addition-to-a-two-week-home-based-exercise-program-in-patients-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Karen E M Harmelink, A V C M Zeegers, Thijs M Tönis, Wim Hullegie, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, J Bart Staal
BACKGROUND: There is consistent evidence that supervised programs are not superior to home-based programs after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), especially in patients without complications. Home-based exercise programs are effective, but we hypothesize that their effectiveness can be improved by increasing the adherence to physical therapy advice to reach an adequate exercise level during the program and thereafter. Our hypothesis is that an activity coaching system (accelerometer-based activity sensor), alongside a home-based exercise program, will increase adherence to exercises and the activity level, thereby improving physical functioning and recovery...
July 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673365/is-health-coaching-effective-in-changing-the-health-status-and-behaviour-of-prisoners-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Nadja Almondes, Denise Downie, Ayse B Cinar, Derek Richards, Ruth Freeman
BACKGROUND: This is a protocol for a systematic review of the impact of health coaching on changing the health behaviour of offenders. Prisoners are more likely to suffer from health-related issues when compared to the general population. Health coaching has been shown to influence health outcomes of patients with chronic conditions. This review, therefore, aims to assess the effectiveness of health coaching interventions on the health of adolescent and adult offenders in custodial institutions...
July 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654474/excellence-in-promoting-participation-striving-for-the-10-cs-client-centered-care-consideration-of-complexity-collaboration-coaching-capacity-building-contextualization-creativity-community-curricular-changes-and-curiosity
#19
Lisa A Chiarello
Participation of children with physical disabilities is critical to optimizing their life roles and lived experiences. This perspective explores the complex and multidimensional construct of participation and presents recommendations for practice, education, and research to transform pediatric physical therapy service delivery. Two models are reviewed of participation-based service delivery grounded in client-centered care and the principles of coaching to engage clients in their rehabilitation. The roles and responsibilities of the physical therapist and the importance of team collaboration are emphasized...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648228/great-british-medalists-psychosocial-biographies-of-super-elite-and-elite-athletes-from-olympic-sports
#20
Lew Hardy, Matthew Barlow, Lynne Evans, Tim Rees, Tim Woodman, Chelsea Warr
Participants were 32 former GB athletes from Olympic sports, 16 Super-Elite athletes who had won multiple medals at major championships, and 16 matched Elite athletes who had not. In-depth interviews with the athletes, their coaches, and one of their parents explored all psychosocial aspects of their development and careers. Content analyses revealed that there were no differences between Super-Elite and Elite athletes with regard to family values, conscientiousness, or commitment to training. However, the two groups were found to be different with regard to: (1) the experience of a foundational negative life event coupled with a foundational positive sport-related event; (2) the experience of a career turning point that enhanced motivation and focus for their sport; (3) need for success; (4) obsessiveness and/or perfectionism with regard to training and performance; (5) ruthlessness and/or selfishness in the pursuit of their sporting goals; (6) dual focus on both mastery and outcome; (7) the use of counterphobic attitudes and/or total preparation to maintain higher levels of performance under pressure; and (8) the relative importance of sport over other aspects of life...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
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